Search results for 'Gregory F. Mellema' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Gregory F. Mellema (2010). Moral Ideals and Virtue Ethics. Journal of Ethics 14 (2):173-180.score: 870.0
    There have traditionally been two schools of thought regarding moral ideals and their relationship with moral duty. First, many have held that moral agents at all times have a duty or obligation to realize or attain moral ideals, or at least they have a duty to strive to realize or attain them. A second school of thought has maintained that attaining or pursuing moral ideals is supererogatory or beyond the call of duty. Recently a third school of thought has been (...)
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  2. Gregory Mellema (2001). Praise, Blame, and the Ought Implies Can Principle. Philosophia 28 (1-4):425-436.score: 240.0
    Recently David Widerker argued that from the widely accepted ought implies can principle one can deduce the controversial and much discussed principle of alternative possibilities (PAP). Actually, he argues that this result is true only of the part of PAP which deals with moral blame. Because there are acts of supererogation, he maintains that it does not apply to the part which deals with moral praise. What Widerker says about supererogation seems true, and I develop and expand upon this idea (...)
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  3. Gregory Mellema (1994). Supererogation, Blame, and the Limits of Obligation. Philosophia 24 (1-2):171-182.score: 240.0
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  4. Gregory Mellema (1996). Is It Bad to Omit an Act of Supererogation? Journal of Philosophical Research 21:405-416.score: 240.0
    There are a great many philosophers and theologians who deny that acts of supererogation are possible on the grounds that no act whose performance is praiseworthy can fail to be obligatory to perform. Here I examine a position which affirms that acts of supererogation are possible but which shares with the opponents of supererogation the sentiment that it is frequently morally blameworthy to omit such acts. This view is endorsed by certain professional philosophers, but it also seems that many non-philosophers (...)
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  5. Gregory Mellema (2006). Collective Responsibility and Contributing to an Outcome. Criminal Justice Ethics 25 (2):17-22.score: 240.0
  6. Gregory Mellema (2006). Collective Responsibility and Qualifying Actions. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 30 (1):168–175.score: 240.0
    The article presents the issues arising from the memberships of moral agents in collectives that have the burden of moral responsibility. Likewise, it examines the qualifying actions that qualify their membership including deliberate contribution, risk taking and others. It differentiates collective responsibility to shared responsibility.
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  7. Gregory Mellema (2005). Moral Dilemmas and Offence. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (3):291 - 298.score: 240.0
    In 1963 Roderick Chisholm proposed a category of acts called “offences” to capture what he called acts of “permissive ill-doing.” Chisholm’s proposal has proven to be controversial. Here I propose that some progress can be made in validating acts of offence by focusing upon moral dilemmas. Given the problems which have been alleged to beset moral dilemmas, this may initially seem like a puzzling strategy. However, I will call attention to a type of moral dilemma unlike what is standardly discussed (...)
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  8. Gregory Mellema (2005). Enabling Harm. Journal of Social Philosophy 37 (2):214–220.score: 240.0
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  9. Gregory Mellema (1999). Knud Logstrup, the Ethical Demand. Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (2):267-272.score: 240.0
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  10. Gregory Mellema (1991). Supererogation and the Fulfillment of Duty. Journal of Value Inquiry 25 (2):167-175.score: 240.0
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  11. Gregory Mellema (1988). Causation, Foresight and Collective Responsibility. Analysis 48 (1):44 - 50.score: 240.0
    This essay identifies and examines three theses about collective responsibility which are frequently assumed or presupposed in philosophical discussions of collective responsibility. While the first thesis places constraints upon what counts as collective responsibility in a way which is plausible and defensible, It is argued that the constraints placed by theses two and three are unreasonably limiting.
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  12. Gregory Mellema (1987). Quasi-Supererogation. Philosophical Studies 52 (1):141 - 150.score: 240.0
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  13. Gregory Mellema (1991). Supererogation and Business Ethics. Journal of Applied Philosophy 8 (2):191-199.score: 240.0
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  14. Gregory Mellema (1997). Moral Luck and Collectives. Journal of Social Philosophy 28 (3):144-152.score: 240.0
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  15. Gregory Mellema (1987). On Bloom's Taxonomies of Educational Objectives. Philosophy Research Archives 13:439-462.score: 240.0
    Without question the Taxonomy of Educational Objectives, by Benjamin Bloom and associates, is currently the most influential work in the theory of curriculum. Here I summarize Bloom’s taxonomies, survey a variety of criticisms raised by others, and conclude that there are serious philosophical problems remainmg to be addressed concerning both the structure and scope of the taxonomies.
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  16. Gregory Mellema (1988). Groups, Responsibility, and Risk Taking in Business Organizations. Journal of Business Ethics 7 (8):593 - 603.score: 240.0
    Discussions of risk taking in the modern business organization frequently focus upon the behavior of individual moral agents. Here I attempt to identify some of the complexities of risk taking when it is a group phenomenon and to do so in such a way as to shed some light upon the ethics of group risk taking in business organizations.
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  17. Gregory Mellema (1985). Shared Responsibility and Ethical Dilutionism. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 63 (2):177 – 187.score: 240.0
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  18. Gregory Mellema (1993). Quasi-Obligation and the Failure to Be Virtuous. Journal of Social Philosophy 24 (2):176-185.score: 240.0
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  19. Gregory Mellema (1994). Business Ethics and Doing What One Ought to Do. Journal of Business Ethics 13 (2):149 - 153.score: 240.0
    There are situations in human life where the failure to perform a certain act can be morally blameworthy and at the same time not constitute the failure of moral duty or obligation. While traditional approaches to ethics have not acknowledged the possibility of these acts, recent contributions to the literature have made a strong and convincing case for their existence. Here I explain the nature of these acts, present some examples of these acts as they might arise in one''s business (...)
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  20. Gregory Mellema (1998). Moral Expectation. Journal of Value Inquiry 32 (4):479-488.score: 240.0
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  21. Gregory Mellema (1982). Multiple Quantifiers and Hintikka's Logic of Perception. Philosophia 11 (1-2):95-103.score: 240.0
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  22. Gregory Mellema (1984). The Nature of Aims and Ends in Education. Philosophy Research Archives 10:321-336.score: 240.0
    In this paper it is argued that educational aims be approached as states of affairs susceptible of analysis in terms of means and ends. An educator’s various aims, in this way, can be classified according to the means-end relationship they bear to one another. This approach, which stands squarely in the tradition of Aristotle and enjoys little support among contemporary educational theorists, is defended from objections by R.S. Peters, a popular and influential proponent of an alternative approach.
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  23. Gregory Mellema (2000). Scapegoats. Criminal Justice Ethics 19 (1):3-9.score: 240.0
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  24. Gregory Mellema (1983). An Aristotelian Approach to Thinking About Educational Aims. New Scholasticism 57 (3):362-374.score: 240.0
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  25. Gregory Mellema (1981). On Quantifiers and Mass Terms. American Philosophical Quarterly 18 (2):165 - 170.score: 240.0
    The language of quantification theory does not seem to adequately reflect the logic of mass terms in ordinary english. Mass terms are treated as though they are true of objects which can be counted. In this paper, It is argued that by placing certain restrictions upon formulas which contain the identity sign it is possible to arrive at a formalization of mass term sentences which avoids this difficulty. The proposed restrictions are defended against charges that certain mass term sentences seem (...)
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  26. Gregory Mellema (1979). An Alternative Semantics for Knowledge. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 20 (2):265-278.score: 240.0
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  27. Gregory Mellema (1983). On Measures and Distinguishability. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 24 (1):151-158.score: 240.0
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  28. Gregory Mellema (1987). On Risk Taking and Moral Responsibility. Criminal Justice Ethics 6 (2):3-11.score: 240.0
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  29. Gregory Mellema (2004). Alternative Acts and the Demands of Morality. Journal of Value Inquiry 38 (4):451-456.score: 240.0
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  30. Gregory Mellema (1999). Adam B. Seligam, the Problem of Trust. Journal of Value Inquiry 33 (2):273-275.score: 240.0
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  31. Gregory Mellema (1995). Kenneth Konyndyk 1942-1994. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 68 (5):101 -.score: 240.0
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  32. Gregory Mellema (1991). Offence and Virtue Ethics. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 21 (3):323 - 329.score: 240.0
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  33. Gregory Mellema (1984). On Being Fully Responsible. American Philosophical Quarterly 21 (2):189 - 193.score: 240.0
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  34. Gregory Mellema (1987). What is Optional in the Fulfillment of Duty? Faith and Philosophy 4 (3):282-293.score: 240.0
    Moral duties are often described in terms of rigid requirements to perform, or refrain from performing, actions of certain specific types. In various theological traditions this point is often expressed in terms of the demands God places upon His creatures. However, there are several important ways, as Kant, Mill, and others have noted, in which the fulfillment of duty admits of options. In this paper an effort is made to offer a precise characterization of these ways. On this basis it (...)
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  35. Gregory Mellema (1985). Groups, Responsibility, and the Failure to Act. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 2 (3):57-66.score: 240.0
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  36. Gregory Mellema (1999). Symbolic Value, Virtue Ethics, and the Morality of Groups. Philosophy Today 43 (3):302-308.score: 240.0
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  37. Gregory Mellema (1990). Business: Making Christian Choices. Crc Publications.score: 240.0
     
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  38. Gregory Mellema (1991). Beyond the Call of Duty: Supererogation, Obligation, and Offence. State University of New York Press.score: 240.0
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  39. Gregory Mellema (1999). Expectation in Business and Professional Morality. Southwest Philosophy Review 15 (2):71-79.score: 240.0
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  40. Gregory Mellema (1992). Must We Do the Best We Can? Philosophy Today 36 (1):39-43.score: 240.0
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  41. Gregory Mellema & Kenneth Konyndyk (1994). Peter Allen De Vos 1940-1993. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 67 (4):136 - 137.score: 240.0
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  42. John J. Tilley (1993). Beyond the Call of Duty: Supererogation, Obligation, and Offence. By Gregory Mellema. The Modern Schoolman 71 (1):73-75.score: 72.0
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