Search results for 'Gus Koehler' (try it on Scholar)

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Profile: Gus Koehler (University of Southern California)
  1. Gus Koehler, Radiance of Time.
    For Vajrayana Buddhism, the now is an interval, a boundary, a point of tension and suspension with an atmosphere of uncertainty. It is a bifurcation point of variable length; its name is “bardo.” The bardo is immersed in the conventional, or “seeming” reality. It emerges from what is called the “unstained” ultimate or primordial emptiness or “basal clear light.” Further, the ultimate is not the sphere of cognition. Cognition, including cognition of time, belongs to conventional reality. Buddhahood, in contrast, is (...)
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  2.  25
    Gordon Pennycook, James Allan Cheyne, Paul Seli, Derek J. Koehler & Jonathan A. Fugelsang (2012). Analytic Cognitive Style Predicts Religious and Paranormal Belief. Cognition 123 (3):335-346.
    An analytic cognitive style denotes a propensity to set aside highly salient intuitions when engaging in problem solving. We assess the hypothesis that an analytic cognitive style is associated with a history of questioning, altering, and rejecting supernatural claims, both religious and paranormal. In two studies, we examined associations of God beliefs, religious engagement, conventional religious beliefs and paranormal beliefs with performance measures of cognitive ability and analytic cognitive style. An analytic cognitive style negatively predicted both religious and paranormal beliefs (...)
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  3.  17
    Jonathan J. Koehler (1996). The Base Rate Fallacy Reconsidered: Descriptive, Normative, and Methodological Challenges. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (1):1.
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  4.  15
    Gordon Pennycook, Robert M. Ross, Derek J. Koehler & Jonathan A. Fugelsang (2016). Atheists and Agnostics Are More Reflective Than Religious Believers: Four Empirical Studies and a Meta-Analysis. PLoS ONE 11 (4):e0153039.
    Individual differences in the mere willingness to think analytically has been shown to predict religious disbelief. Recently, however, it has been argued that analytic thinkers are not actually less religious; rather, the putative association may be a result of religiosity typically being measured after analytic thinking (an order effect). In light of this possibility, we report four studies in which a negative correlation between religious belief and performance on analytic thinking measures is found when religious belief is measured in a (...)
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  5.  7
    Gordon Pennycook, James Allan Cheyne, Nathaniel Barr, Derek J. Koehler & Jonathan A. Fugelsang (2014). The Role of Analytic Thinking in Moral Judgements and Values. Thinking and Reasoning 20 (2):188-214.
    While individual differences in the willingness and ability to engage analytic processing have long informed research in reasoning and decision making, the implications of such differences have not yet had a strong influence in other domains of psychological research. We claim that analytic thinking is not limited to problems that have a normative basis and, as an extension of this, predict that individual differences in analytic thinking will be influential in determining beliefs and values. Along with assessments of cognitive ability (...)
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  6.  19
    Gordon Pennycook, Jonathan A. Fugelsang & Derek J. Koehler (2012). Are We Good at Detecting Conflict During Reasoning? Cognition 124 (1):101-106.
    Recent evidence suggests that people are highly efficient at detecting conflicting outputs produced by competing intuitive and analytic reasoning processes. Specifically, De Neys and Glumicic demonstrated that participants reason longer about problems that are characterized by conflict between stereotypical personality descriptions and base-rate probabilities of group membership. However, this finding comes from problems involving probabilities much more extreme than those used in traditional studies of base-rate neglect. To test the degree to which these findings depend on such extreme probabilities, we (...)
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  7. Amos Tversky & Derek J. Koehler (1994). Support Theory: A Nonextensional Representation of Subjective Probability. Psychological Review 101 (4):547-567.
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  8.  4
    Derek J. Koehler & Greta James (2009). Probability Matching in Choice Under Uncertainty: Intuition Versus Deliberation. Cognition 113 (1):123-127.
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  9.  14
    Peter J. Koehler, Stanley Finger & Marco Piccolino (2009). The "Eels" of South America: Mid-18th-Century Dutch Contributions to the Theory of Animal Electricity. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 42 (4):715 - 763.
    During the mid-18th century, when electricity was coming into its own, natural philosophers began to entertain the possibility that electricity is the mysterious nerve force. Their attention was first drawn to several species of strongly electric fish, namely torpedoes, a type of African catfish, and a South American "eels." This was because their effects felt like those of discharging Leyden jars and could be transmitted along known conductors of electricity. Moreover, their actions could not be adequately explained by popular mechanical (...)
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  10.  14
    Dale Griffin, Derek J. Koehler & Lyle Brenner (2007). Frequency Formats Are a Small Part of the Base Rate Story. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (3):268-269.
    Manipulations that draw attention to extensional or set-based considerations are neither sufficient nor necessary for enhanced use of base rates in intuitive judgments. Frequency formats are only one part of the puzzle of base-rate use and neglect. The conditions under which these and other manipulations promote base-rate use may be more parsimoniously organized under the broader notion of case-based judgment.
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  11. Wallace C. Koehler & J. Michael Pemberton (2000). A Search for Core Values: Towards a Model Code of Ethics for Information Professionals. Journal of Information Ethics 9 (1):26-54.
     
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  12.  1
    S. Koehler & Morris Moscovitch (1997). Unconscious Visual Processing in Neuropsychological Syndromes: A Survey of the Literature and Evaluation of Models of Consciousness. In M. D. Rugg (ed.), Cognitive Neuroscience. MIT Press 305--373.
  13.  29
    Simon Newman & Wallace Koehler (2004). Copyright. Moral Rights, Fair Use, and the Online Environment. Journal of Information Ethics 13 (2):38-57.
  14.  22
    David H. Koehler (2001). Instability and Convergence Under Simple-Majority Rule: Results From Simulation of Committee Choice in Two-Dimensional Space. [REVIEW] Theory and Decision 50 (4):305-332.
    Nondeterministic models of collective choice posit convergence among the outcomes of simple-majority decisions. The object of this research is to estimate the extent of convergence of majority choice under different procedural conditions. The paper reports results from a computer simulation of simple-majority decision making by committees. Simulation experiments generate distributions of majority-adopted proposals in two-dimensional space. These represent nondeterministic outcomes of majority choice by committees. The proposal distributions provide data for a quantitative evaluation of committee-choice procedures in respect to outcome (...)
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  15.  13
    Marcus Vinícius de Azevedo Basso, Aline Silva de Bona, Cristina Maria Pescador, Cristiane Koehler & Léa da Cruz Fagundes (2013). Redes sociais: espaço de aprendizagem digital cooperativo // Social networks: collaborative digital learning space. Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 18.
    Este artigo propõe-se a discutir a possibilidade de utilizar as tecnologias digitais online e as redes sociais como espaço de aprendizagem digital de uma maneira que favoreça a aprendizagem cooperativa entre os estudantes, alicerçado na Epistemologia Genética de Jean Piaget. Este estudo foi baseado em uma pesquisa-ação, nas aulas de Matemática, realizada com estudantes do ensino médio integrado em informática do IFRS – Campus Osório (RS), em 2011 e 2012-1. Os estudantes demonstraram apropriação deste espaço de aprendizagem digital, como o (...)
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  16.  8
    Marcus Vinícius de Azevedo Basso, Aline Silva de Bona, Cristina Maria Pescador, Cristiane Koehler & Léa da Cruz Fagundes (2013). Redes sociais: espaço de aprendizagem digital cooperativo // Social networks: collaborative digital learning space. Conjectura: Filosofia E Educação 18 (1):135-149.
    Este artigo propõe-se a discutir a possibilidade de utilizar as tecnologias digitais online e as redes sociais como espaço de aprendizagem digital de uma maneira que favoreça a aprendizagem cooperativa entre os estudantes, alicerçado na Epistemologia Genética de Jean Piaget. Este estudo foi baseado em uma pesquisa-ação, nas aulas de Matemática, realizada com estudantes do ensino médio integrado em informática do IFRS – Campus Osório (RS), em 2011 e 2012-1. Os estudantes demonstraram apropriação deste espaço de aprendizagem digital, como o (...)
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  17.  8
    Robert Koehler (2004). Passeurs : Jonathan Rosenbaum and the New Global Film Criticism, on Essential Cinema, Movie Mutations (Edited with Adrian Martin), and Movie Wars. Film-Philosophy 8 (2).
    Jonathan Rosenbaum _Essential Cinema: On the Necessity of Film Canons_ Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004 ISBN 0-8018-7840-3 hb xxi + 445 pp. _Movie Mutations: The Changing Face of World Cinephilia_ Edited by Jonathan Rosenbaum and Adrian Martin London: British Film Institute, 2003 ISBN 0851709834 hb; 0851709842 pb 224 pp. Jonathan Rosenbaum _Movie Wars: How Hollywood and the Media Limit What Films We Can See_ London: Wallflower Press, 2002 ISBN 1-903364-23-X pb 192 pp.
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  18. Ian R. Newby-Clark, Michael Ross, Roger Buehler, Derek J. Koehler & Dale Griffin (2000). People Focus on Optimistic Scenarios and Disregard Pessimistic Scenarios While Predicting Task Completion Times. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 6 (3):171-182.
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  19.  7
    Conrad J. Koehler (1975). The Development of Bertrand Russell's Philosophy. Journal of the History of Philosophy 13 (3):421-422.
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  20.  4
    F. H. M., Liselotte Koehler, R. Hope, Diogenes Laertius, L. Robin, M. R. Dobie, A. Puech, A. Dies, A. E. Taylor, C. Hude, H. Usener, L. Radermacher, C. Jensen, G. M. Sargeaunt, W. D. Ross, Aristotle, R. P. Hardie, R. K. Gaye, J. Bidez, W. N. Bates, F. Novotny, G. Dalmeyda, V. Coulon, H. van Daele, Th Reinach, L. Blum, Josephe, P. Masqueray, H. Gregoire, M. A. Kugener, G. Dottin & Skevos Zervos (1930). Die Briefe des Sokrates Und der SokratikerThe Book of Diogenes LaertiusGreek Thought and the Origins of the Scientific SpiritHistoire de la Litterature Grecque chretiennePlatonPlato and the Authorship of the EpinomisXenophon: HellenicaDionysius Halicarnaseus. Vol. VI, OpusculaMenandri ReliquiaeClassical Studies. Journal of Hellenic Studies 50:363.
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  21.  5
    Thomas J. Shuell & Roger Koehler (1970). Proactive Inhibition in Free Recall. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (3p1):495.
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  22.  5
    B. Koehler (2006). A Cosmologic Context of Meditation. The Buddhist Model of the World. Archeus. Studia Z Bioetyki I Antropologii Filozoficznej 7:125-131.
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  23. J. A. Ytterhus, R. W. Balluffi, J. S. Koehler & R. W. Siegel (1964). Comments on Recent Work on the Annealing of Vacancy Defects in Gold Quenched in Different Atmospheres. Philosophical Magazine 10 (103):169-172.
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  24. Keith Foulcher, Mikohiro Moriyama, Manneke Budiman, Titima Suthiwan, Rungnapha Kitiarsa, Masuhara Hitomi, Saito Tsugumi, Yuphaphann Hoonchamlong, T. Ruanni F. Tupaz & Robert Koehler (2013). Words in Motion: Language and Discourse in Post-New Order Indonesia. Philosophy East and West 63 (2).
     
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  25.  10
    Wilhelm Koehler (1952). An Illustrated Evangelistary of the Ada School and its Model. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 15 (1/2):48-66.
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  26.  7
    Wallace Koehler & Vera Blair (2008). Johann David Köhler's: Anweisung Für Reisende Gelerte, Bibliothecken, Műnz-Cabinette, Antiquitäten-Zimmer, Bilder-Sale, Naturalien- Und Kunst-Kammern U.D.M MIT Nutzen Zubesehe: Inferred Ethical Concern in Eighteenth Century Library Practice and Lessons for the Twenty-First Century. Journal of Information Ethics 17 (1):68-78.
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  27.  3
    Conrad J. Koehler (1972). Bertrand Russell's Theory of Knowledge by Elizabeth Ramsden Eames. Dialectica 26 (2):139-145.
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  28.  3
    Paulette Koehler (2013). My Ability to Flourish. Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics 3 (3):E4-E5.
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  29.  3
    B. Koehler (2007). Analysis of Activity of Factors of Consciousness on the Buddhist Path of Self-Realization. Archeus. Studia Z Bioetyki I Antropologii Filozoficznej 8:101-112.
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  30.  8
    Jonathan J. Koehler (1997). A Farewell to Normative Null Hypothesis Testing in Base Rate Research. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):780-782.
    I agree with Gibbs that the message of the base rate literature reads differently depending on which null hypothesis is used to frame the issue. But I argue that the normative null hypothesis, H0: “People use base rates in a Bayesian manner,” is no longer appropriate. I also challenge Adler's distinction between unused and ignored base rates, and criticize Goodie's reluctance to shift research attention to the field. Macchi's arguments about textual ambiguities in traditional base rate problems suggest that empirical (...)
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  31.  2
    Nick C. Toscano, Ken Kido, Marvin J. Snyder, Carlton S. Koehler, George C. Kennedy, Vahram Sevacherian, J. Ian Stewart, Demetrios G. Kontaxis, Ivan J. Thomason & Will Crites (1977). Insecticides Evaluated for Lettuce Root Aphid Control. In Vincent Stuart (ed.), Order. Distributed by Random House
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  32.  8
    Jonathan J. Koehler & Andrew D. Gershoff (2005). Betrayal Aversion is Reasonable. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):556-557.
    We accept Sunstein's claim that people often use moral heuristics to make judgments and decisions. However, in situations that include a risk of betrayal, we disagree with Sunstein about when the relevant moral heuristic may be said to “misfire.” We suggest that the moral heuristic people apply to avoid the possibility of safety-product betrayal may be reasonable.
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  33.  8
    Gustav A. Koehler (1975). On James Glass' "the Philosopher and the Shaman". Political Theory 3 (3):318-323.
  34.  3
    Nicole Koehler & James S. Chisholm (2009). Does Early Psychosocial Stress Affect Mate Choice? Human Nature 20 (1):52-66.
    Early psychosocial stress (e.g., parental divorce, abuse) is conjectured to place individuals on a developmental trajectory leading to earlier initiation of sexual activity, earlier reproduction, and having more sex partners than those with less early psychosocial stress. But does it also affect an individual’s mate choice? The present study examined whether early psychosocial stress affects preferences and dislikes for opposite-sex faces varying in masculinity/femininity, a putative indicator of mate quality, in premenopausal women (58 with a natural cycle, 53 pill-users) and (...)
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  35.  1
    Jonathan J. Koehler (1996). Issues for the Next Generation of Base Rate Research. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (1):41.
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  36.  1
    Adrien Barton, Edward Cokely, Mirta Galesic, Anna Koehler & Mario Haas (2009). Comparing Risk Reductions: On the Dynamic Interplay of Cognitive Strategies, Numeracy, Complexity and Format. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
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  37.  1
    Robert Koehler (2013). Korea's CEO President: Lee Myung-Bak. Philosophy East and West 63 (2).
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  38. Roy N. King & Derek J. Koehler (2000). Illusory Correlations in Graphological Inference. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 6 (4):336-348.
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  39. Barbara Koehler (2005). Aspekt akademicki dialogu kultur. Najstarsze przekazy Wschodu. Archeus. Studia Z Bioetyki I Antropologii Filozoficznej 6:91-102.
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  40. Barbara Koehler (2007). Analiza funkcji czynników świadomości (cetasika) w akcie buddyjskiego samourzeczywistniania. Archeus. Studia Z Bioetyki I Antropologii Filozoficznej 8:101-112.
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  41. Derek J. Koehler (2016). Can Journalistic “False Balance” Distort Public Perception of Consensus in Expert Opinion? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 22 (1):24-38.
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  42. P. J. Koehler, B. Lameris & E. Hielscher (2013). Cinematografie van de neurowetenschap in Nederland: De Magnus-Rademaker collectie. Studium 6 (2):113.
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  43. Barbara Koehler (2005). Dynamiczno-relatywny charakter świata w nauce Buddy. Idea 17 (17).
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  44. Barbara Koehler (2000). Dynamika ducha w twórczym procesie samorealizacji na ścieżce Vajrayany. Archeus. Studia Z Bioetyki I Antropologii Filozoficznej 1:115-128.
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  45. P. J. Koehler (2008). De Zuid-Amerikaanse aal. Twee vroege brieven uit de Nederlandse koloniën over dierlijke elektriciteit. Studium 1 (3):185.
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  46. Barbara Koehler (2006). Ewolucja świadomości w koncepcji Ernsta Lothara Hoffmana w kontekście myśli abhidhammicznej. Idea 18 (18).
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  47. Heinrich Koehler (1738). Iuris Naturalis Exercitationes Vii. Olms.
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  48. Barbara Koehler (2007). Kontekst kosmologiczny praktyk medytacyjnych. Buddyjski model świata. Archeus. Studia Z Bioetyki I Antropologii Filozoficznej 7:125-131.
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  49. Barbara Koehler (2003). Mithra. Irańska idea wyzwolonego wyzwoliciela. Colloquia Communia 74 (1):448-453.
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  50. Barbara Koehler (2001). Maitreya - uniwersalny ideał bodhisattvy. Idea 13 (13).
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