Search results for 'Guy Hawkins' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. A. Guy Larkins & Michael L. Hawkins (1990). Trivial and Noninformative Content in Primary-Grade Social Studies Texts: A Second Look. Journal of Social Studies Research 14 (1):25-32.
     
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  2.  6
    Guy Hawkins, Melissa Prince, Scott Brown & Andrew Heathcote (2010). Designing State-Trace Experiments to Assess the Number of Latent Psychological Variables Underlying Binary Choices. In S. Ohlsson & R. Catrambone (eds.), Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society
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  3.  2
    Brett K. Hayes, Guy E. Hawkins, Ben R. Newell, Martina Pasqualino & Bob Rehder (2014). The Role of Causal Models in Multiple Judgments Under Uncertainty. Cognition 133 (3):611-620.
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  4.  15
    Guy Hawkins, Scott D. Brown, Mark Steyvers & Eric-Jan Wagenmakers (2012). Context Effects in Multi-Alternative Decision Making: Empirical Data and a Bayesian Model. Cognitive Science 36 (3):498-516.
    For decisions between many alternatives, the benchmark result is Hick's Law: that response time increases log-linearly with the number of choice alternatives. Even when Hick's Law is observed for response times, divergent results have been observed for error rates—sometimes error rates increase with the number of choice alternatives, and sometimes they are constant. We provide evidence from two experiments that error rates are mostly independent of the number of choice alternatives, unless context effects induce participants to trade speed for accuracy (...)
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  5.  2
    Guy E. Hawkins, A. A. J. Marley, Andrew Heathcote, Terry N. Flynn, Jordan J. Louviere & Scott D. Brown (2014). Integrating Cognitive Process and Descriptive Models of Attitudes and Preferences. Cognitive Science 38 (4):701-735.
    Discrete choice experiments—selecting the best and/or worst from a set of options—are increasingly used to provide more efficient and valid measurement of attitudes or preferences than conventional methods such as Likert scales. Discrete choice data have traditionally been analyzed with random utility models that have good measurement properties but provide limited insight into cognitive processes. We extend a well-established cognitive model, which has successfully explained both choices and response times for simple decision tasks, to complex, multi-attribute discrete choice data. The (...)
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  6.  5
    Romero Baró, José Ma & Alain Guy (eds.) (2005). Homenaje a Alain Guy. Publicacions I Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona.
    El filósofo francés Alain Guy (La Rochelle, 1918 - Narbonne, 1998) dedicó por entero su vida al estudio de la filosofía española e hispanoamericana, dándola a conocer no sólo en el extranjero sino también en nuestro país.
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  7. Chün-jui Ch'ien & John N. Hawkins (1971). Educational Theory in the People's Republic of China the Report of Chien Chün-Jui. Commentary and Translation by John N. Hawkins. University of Hawaii Press.
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  8.  2
    K. D. Clouser & A. H. Hawkins (1996). Literature and Medical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21 (3):237-241.
    The essays in this Journal issue offer examples of how textual analysis, literary theory, and the reading and writing of literature can contribute to an understanding of ethical issues in medicine. The editors' purpose in such an issue is to stimulate discussion between philosopher-ethicists and literary scholars whose work concerns this topic. With the concluding essays by editors Clouser and Hawkins, this discussion begins.
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  9.  37
    Jennifer S. Hawkins & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2008). Exploitation and Developing Countries: The Ethics of Clinical Research. Princeton Univ Pr.
    "--Daniel Wikler, Harvard School of Public Health "This book contributes significantly to the literature on exploitation in clinical research conducted in the developing world."--Patricia Marshall, Case Western Reserve University.
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  10. John A. Hawkins (1983). Word Order Universals. Academic Press.
  11.  5
    Patrick Rebuschat, Martin Rohrmeier, John A. Hawkins & Ian Cross (eds.) (2011). Language and Music as Cognitive Systems. OUP Oxford.
    The past 15 years have witnessed an increasing interest in the comparative study of language and music as cognitive systems. This book presents an interdisciplinary study of language and music, exploring the following core areas - structural comparisons, evolution, learning and processing, and neuroscience.
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  12. Robert Deltete & Reed Guy (1991). Einstein and EPR. Philosophy of Science 58 (3):377-397.
    Recent studies have shown that Einstein did not write the EPR paper and that he was disappointed with the outcome. He thought, rightly, that his own argument for the incompleteness of quantum theory was badly presented in the paper. We reconstruct the argument of EPR, indicate the reasons Einstein was dissatisfied with it, and discuss Einstein's own argument. We show that many commentators have been misled by the obscurity of EPR into proposing interpretations of its argument that do not accurately (...)
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  13.  57
    Jennifer Susan Hawkins & Ezekiel J. Emanuel (2005). Clarifying Confusions About Coercion. Hastings Center Report 35 (5):16-19.
    Commentators often claim that medical research subjects are coerced into participating in clinical studies. In recent years, such claims have appeared especially frequently in ethical discussions of research in developing countries. Medical research ethics is more important than ever as we move into the 21st century because worldwide the pharmaceutical industry has grown so much and shows no sign of slowing its growth. This means that more people are involved in medical research today than ever before, and in the future (...)
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  14.  67
    Jennifer Hawkins (2008). Desiring the Bad Under the Guise of the Good. Philosophical Quarterly 58 (231):244–264.
    Desire is commonly spoken of as a state in which the desired object seems good, which apparently ascribes an evaluative element to desire. I offer a new defence of this old idea. As traditionally conceived, this view faces serious objections related to its way of characterizing desire's evaluative content. I develop an alternative conception of evaluative mental content which is plausible in its own right, allows the evaluative desire theorist to avoid the standard objections, and sheds interesting new light on (...)
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  15.  98
    Mary E. Guy (1990). Ethical Decision Making in Everyday Work Situations. Quorum Books.
    This book takes a new approach to ethics by focusing on the kinds of dilemmas that confront people almost daily on the job.
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  16.  45
    Stephen B. Hawkins (2007). Desire and Natural Classification: Aristotle and Peirce on Final Cause. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (3):521 - 541.
    : Peirce was greatly influenced by Aristotle, particularly on the topic of final cause. Commentators are therefore right to draw on Aristotle in the interpretation of Peirce's teleology. But these commentators sometimes fail to distinguish clearly between formal cause and final cause in Aristotle's philosophy. Unless form and end are clearly distinguished, no sense can be made of Peirce's important claim that 'desires create classes.' Understood in the context of his teleology, this claim may be considered Peirce's answer to nominalists (...)
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  17.  9
    Charles B. Smith, Margaret P. Battin, Jay A. Jacobson, Leslie P. Francis, Jeffrey R. Botkin, Emily P. Asplund, Gretchen J. Domek & Beverly Hawkins (2004). Are There Characteristics of Infectious Diseases That Raise Special Ethical Issues? Developing World Bioethics 4 (1):1–16.
    This paper examines the characteristics of infectious diseases that raise special medical and social ethical issues, and explores ways of integrating both current bioethical and classical public health ethics concerns. Many of the ethical issues raised by infectious diseases are related to these diseases' powerful ability to engender fear in individuals and panic in populations. We address the association of some infectious diseases with high morbidity and mortality rates, the sense that infectious diseases are caused by invasion or attack on (...)
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  18. Robert J. Deltete & Reed A. Guy (1996). Emerging From Imaginary Time. Synthese 108 (2):185 - 203.
    Recent models in quantum cosmology make use of the concept of imaginary time. These models all conjecture a join between regions of imaginary time and regions of real time. We examine the model of James Hartle and Stephen Hawking to argue that the various no-boundary attempts to interpret the transition from imaginary to real time in a logically consistent and physically significant way all fail. We believe this conclusion also applies to quantum tunneling models, such as that proposed by Alexander (...)
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  19.  47
    Jennifer S. Hawkins (2008). Well-Being, Autonomy, and the Horizon Problem. Utilitas 20 (2):143-168.
    Desire satisfaction theorists and attitudinal-happiness theorists of well-being are committed to correcting the psychological attitudes upon which their theories are built. However, it is not often recognized that some of the attitudes in need of correction are evaluative attitudes. Moreover, it is hard to know how to correct for poor evaluative attitudes in ways that respect the traditional commitment to the authority of the individual subject's evaluative perspective. L. W. Sumner has proposed an autonomy-as-authenticity requirement to perform this task, but (...)
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  20.  17
    Mark Parascandola, Jennifer Hawkins & Marion Danis (2002). Patient Autonomy and the Challenge of Clinical Uncertainty. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 12 (3):245-264.
    : Bioethicists have articulated an ideal of shared decision making between physician and patient, but in doing so the role of clinical uncertainty has not been adequately confronted. In the face of uncertainty about the patient's prognosis and the best course of treatment, many physicians revert to a model of nondisclosure and nondiscussion, thus closing off opportunities for shared decision making. Empirical studies suggest that physicians find it more difficult to adhere to norms of disclosure in situations where there is (...)
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  21. Jennifer S. Hawkins (2010). The Subjective Intuition. Philosophical Studies 148 (1):61 - 68.
    Theories of well-being are typically divided into subjective and objective. Subjective theories are those which make facts about a person’s welfare depend on facts about her actual or hypothetical mental states. I am interested in what motivates this approach to the theory of welfare. The contemporary view is that subjectivism is devoted to honoring the evaluative perspective of the individual, but this is both a misleading account of the motivations behind subjectivism, and a vision that dooms subjective theories to failure. (...)
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  22.  18
    H. L. I. Bornett, J. H. Guy & P. J. Cain (2003). Impact of Animal Welfare on Costs and Viability of Pig Production in the UK. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (2):163-186.
    The European Union welfare standardsfor intensively kept pigs have steadilyincreased over the past few years and areproposed to continue in the future. It isimportant that the cost implications of thesechanges in welfare standards are assessed. Theaim of this study was to determine theprofitability of rearing pigs in a range ofhousing systems with different standards forpig welfare. Models were constructed tocalculate the cost of pig rearing (6–95 kg) in afully-slatted system (fulfilling minimum EUspace requirements, Directive 91630/EEC); apartly-slatted system; a high-welfare,straw-based system (...)
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  23.  11
    John N. Hawkins (1970). The Education Revolution in China. Social Theory and Practice 1 (1):58-66.
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  24.  80
    Robert J. Deltete & Reed A. Guy (1997). Hartle-Hawking Cosmology and Unconditional Probabilities. Analysis 57 (4):304–315.
  25.  11
    Ronnie Zoe Hawkins (1998). Ecofeminism and Nonhumans: Continuity, Difference, Dualism, and Domination. Hypatia 13 (1):158 - 197.
    The dualistic structures permeating western culture emphasize radical discontinuity between humans and nonhumans, but receptive attention to nonhuman others discloses both continuity and difference prevailing between other forms of life and our own. Recognizing that agency and subjectivity abound within nature alerts us to our potential for dominating and oppressing nonhuman others, as individuals and as groups. Reciprocally, seeing ourselves as biological beings may facilitate reconstructing our social reality to undo such destructive relationships.
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  26.  9
    Harriet Hawkins (2011). Visions of Excess. Angelaki 15 (2):19-37.
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  27.  25
    Jennifer S. Hawkins (2006). Justice and Placebo Controls. Social Theory and Practice 32 (3):467-496.
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  28.  35
    R. Kent Guy (2000). Of Body and Brush: Grand Sacrifice as Text/Performance in Eighteenth-Century China (Review). Philosophy East and West 50 (4):623-625.
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  29.  9
    S. C. Guy & L. Cahill (1999). The Role of Overt Rehearsal in Enhanced Conscious Memory for Emotional Events. Consciousness and Cognition 8 (1):114-122.
    This study tested the hypothesis that overt rehearsal is sufficient to explain enhanced memory associated with emotion by experimentally manipulating rehearsal of emotional material. Participants viewed two sets of film clips, one set of emotional films and one set of relatively neutral films. One set of films was viewed in each of two sessions, with approximately 1 week between the sessions. Participants were given a free recall test of all of films viewed approximately 1 week after the second session. Rehearsal (...)
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  30.  1
    A. H. Hawkins (1996). Literature, Philosophy, and Medical Ethics: Let the Dialogue Go On. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 21 (3):341-354.
    This is a reply to Dan Clouser's philosophical commentary on the essays in this issue. Important assumptions that condition his perspective on the essays are identified and analyzed. Attention is drawn to his unhistorical emphasis on the exclusive importance of philosophy in ethical thought, and his resulting insistence that any discipline wishing to contribute to biomedical discourse must adopt the assumptions and methodologies of philosophy. Clouser's “three tenets” are examined, and then the question of what literature, considered in terms of (...)
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  31.  15
    Ronnie Zoe Hawkins (2002). Seeing Ourselves as Primates. Ethics and the Environment 7 (2):60-103.
    : There has been a marked expansion in our human knowledge in recent decades, and much of this new information about ourselves and our world has yet to be integrated into our human self-image. I maintain that understanding how we fit within the spectrum of lifeforms as the primates that we are will enable us to take a more active role in choosing ecologically responsible behavior and will allow us to address more effectively our major problems of overpopulation, overconsumption, and (...)
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  32.  10
    Ernest Guy (1945). The French Colonies, Past and Future. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 20 (1):137-138.
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  33.  33
    Alfred Guy (1991). The Role of Aristotle's Praxis Today. Journal of Value Inquiry 25 (3):287-289.
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  34.  31
    Ian Small & Josephine Guy (1991). Usefulness in Literary History. British Journal of Aesthetics 31 (3):259-264.
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  35.  8
    Ronnie Hawkins (2001). Cultural Whaling, Commodification, and Culture Change. Environmental Ethics 23 (3):287-306.
    Whaling is back on the international stage as pro-whaling interests push to reopen commercial whaling by overturning the moratorium imposed in 1986. Proponents of ending the ban are using two strategies: (1) appealing to public sentiment that supports indigenous subsistence whaling by attempting to cloak commercial whaling in the same guise and (2) maintaining that reopening commercial whaling is the “scientific” option. I reject both ploys, and instead shift the focus for global debate to scrutinizing the industrial economic model that (...)
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  36.  9
    Ernest Guy (1945). La Nation. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 20 (3):525-526.
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  37.  4
    D. J. B. Hawkins (1948). The Present Condition of British Philosophy. Modern Schoolman 25 (4):246-251.
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  38.  6
    Alain Guy (1949). "Textes inédits de Leibniz" Par Gaston grua. Les Etudes Philosophiques 4 (2):183 - 190.
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  39.  15
    D. J. B. Hawkins (1949). Free Will and Right Action. Modern Schoolman 26 (4):279-292.
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  40.  18
    Ronnie Hawkins (2001). Cultural Whaling, Commodification, and Culture Change. Environmental Ethics 23 (3):287-306.
    Whaling is back on the international stage as pro-whaling interests push to reopen commercial whaling by overturning the moratorium imposed in 1986. Proponents of ending the ban are using two strategies: (1) appealing to public sentiment that supports indigenous subsistence whaling by attempting to cloak commercial whaling in the same guise and (2) maintaining that reopening commercial whaling is the “scientific” option. I reject both ploys, and instead shift the focus for global debate to scrutinizing the industrial economic model that (...)
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  41.  11
    John A. Guy (1977). Thomas More as Successor to Wolsey. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 52 (3):275-292.
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  42. D. J. B. Hawkins (1962). Crucial Problems of Modern Philosophy. [Notre Dame, Ind.]University of Notre Dame Press.
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  43.  22
    Stuart E. Levy & Donald E. Hawkins (2009). Peace Through Tourism: Commerce Based Principles and Practices. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):569 - 585.
    While tourism's positive contributions to societies have long been debated, commerce based tourism activities can strengthen peaceful societies by adhering to sustainable tourism principles. This study utilizes content analysis to examine 136 tourism practices from four major awards programs for their contributions to sustainability and peace. Specific practices which illuminate each of these contributions are highlighted. The findings reveal the most common initiatives focus on environmental quality, economic development, and community nourishment efforts, with substantially less focus on initiatives (...)
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  44.  14
    Peter S. Hawkins (1992). Art and Emblem. Augustinian Studies 23:165-166.
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  45.  15
    Timothy G. Hawkins, Michael J. Gravier & Edward H. Powley (2011). Public Versus Private Sector Procurement Ethics and Strategy: What Each Sector Can Learn From the Other. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 103 (4):567-586.
    The government purchasing market constitutes the largest business sector in the world. While marketers would benefit from a deep understanding of both sectors, how the two sectors differ in terms of ethics and strategy largely remains unknown. The purpose of this research, therefore, is to explore differences between the for-profit and not-for-profit sectors on two critical aspects of business-to-business procurement: ethics and strategy. Using survey data from a sample of 328 procurement professionals in the for-profit and not-for-profit sectors, key differences (...)
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  46.  16
    Anne Hawkins (1984). Two Pathographies: A Study in Illness and Literature. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 9 (3):231-252.
    This study compares two autobiographical descriptions of illness – the seventeenth-century John Donne's Devotions Upon Emergent Occasions and the twentieth-century Cornelius and Kathryn Ryan's A Private Battle . I begin by identifying the basic structure in both narratives as parallel to that of the case history, and then show how each individual's experience is shaped by the conditions of illness appropriate to their respective cultures. Lastly, I discuss the way in which both authors understand and represent sickness, as well as (...)
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  47.  3
    Alain Guy (1979). La filosofia del siglo XIV. Augustinianum 19 (2):383-384.
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  48.  5
    Francisco Romero & Alain Guy (1958). Philosophie et histoire Des idées en ibéro-amérique. Les Etudes Philosophiques 13 (3):275 - 279.
  49.  12
    Politzer Guy & Bonnefon Jean-Francois (2006). Two Varieties of Conditionals and Two Kinds of Defeaters Help Reveal Two Fundamental Types of Reasoning. Mind and Language 21 (4):484-503.
    Two notions from philosophical logic and linguistics are brought together and applied to the psychological study of defeasible conditional reasoning. The distinction between disabling conditions and alternative causes is shown to be a special case of Pollock’s (1987) distinction between ‘rebutting’ and ‘undercutting’ defeaters. ‘Inferential’ conditionals are shown to come in two varieties, one that is sensitive to rebutters, the other to undercutters. It is thus predicted and demonstrated in two experiments that the type of inferential conditional used as the (...)
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  50.  2
    Peter S. Hawkins (1975). Polemical Counterpoint in “De Civitate Dei”. Augustinian Studies 6:97-106.
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