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Harold I. Brown [72]Harvey R. Brown [34]Harold Chapman Brown [31]H. I. Brown [10]
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Profile: Haines Brown
Profile: Hayley Brown (Butler University)
  1. Daniel S. Brown, Heather Brown, Catherine A. Civello, Sara Dustin, Melissa Dykes, Deborah M. Fratz, Alexis Harley, Anne-Sophie Leluan-Pinker, Diana Maltz & Natalie A. Phillips (forthcoming). Contributor Biographies. Aesthetics and Business Ethics.
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  2. H. C. Brown, S. Paranjothy, T. Dowswell & J. Thomas (forthcoming). Manejo Ativo Do Trabalho de Parto Para Reduzir a Taxa de Cesariana Em Mulheres de Baixo Risco. Tópicos.
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  3. Haines Brown (2013). A Process Ontology. Axiomathes:1-22.
    The paper assumes that to be of practical interest process must be understood as physical action that takes place in the world rather than being an idea in the mind. It argues that if an ontology of process is to accommodate actuality, it must be represented in terms of relative probabilities. Folk physics cannot accommodate this, and so the paper appeals to scientific culture because it is an emergent knowledge of the world derived from action in it. Process is represented (...)
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  4. Harriet R. Brown & Karl J. Friston (2013). The Functional Anatomy of Attention: A DCM Study. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:784.
    Recent formulations of attention – in terms of predictive coding – associate attentional gain with the expected precision of sensory information. Formal models of the Posner paradigm suggest that validity effects can be explained in a principled (Bayes optimal) fashion in terms of a cue-dependent setting of precision or gain on the sensory channels reporting anticipated target locations, which is subsequently updated by invalid targets. This normative model is equipped with a biologically plausible process theory in the form of predictive (...)
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  5. Hunter Brown (2013). Incarnation and the Divine Hiddenness Debate. Heythrop Journal 54 (2):252-260.
    This paper examines the debate that has arisen in connection with J. L. Schellenberg's work on divine hiddenness. It singles out as especially deserving of attention Paul Moser's proposal that the debate distinguish more clearly between classical theism and Hebraic theisms. This worthwhile proposal, I argue, will be unlikely to exert its full potential influence upon the debate unless certain features of Christian incarnation belief are recognized and addressed in connection with it.
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  6. Harriet Brown & Karl J. Friston (2012). Free-Energy and Illusions: The Cornsweet Effect. Frontiers in Psychology 3.
    In this paper, we review the nature of illusions using the free-energy formulation of Bayesian perception. We reiterate the notion that illusory percepts are, in fact, Bayes-optimal and represent the most likely explanation for ambiguous sensory input. This point is illustrated using perhaps the simplest of visual illusions; namely, the Cornsweet effect. By using plausible prior beliefs about the spatial gradients of luminance and reflectance in the visual world, we show that the Cornsweet effect emerges as a natural consequence of (...)
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  7. Harold I. Brown (2011). Epistemological Empiricism. In Michael J. Shaffer & Michael Veber (eds.), What Place for the a Priori? Open Court. 137.
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  8. Harold I. Brown (2011). Van Fraassen Meets Popper: Logical Relations and Cognitive Abilities. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (2):381-385.
  9. Harriet Brown, Karl J. Friston & Sven Bestmann (2011). Active Inference, Attention, and Motor Preparation. Frontiers in Psychology 2:218.
    Perception is the foundation of cognition and is fundamental to our beliefs and consequent action planning. The Editorial (this issue) asks: “what mechanisms, if any, mediate between perceptual and cognitive processes?” It has recently been argued that attention might furnish such a mechanism. In this paper, we pursue the idea that action planning (motor preparation) is an attentional phenomenon directed towards kinaesthetic signals. This rests on a view of motor control as active inference, where predictions of proprioceptive signals are fulfilled (...)
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  10. Harold I. Brown (2010). Three Revolutions? Metascience 19 (3):445-447.
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  11. Harold I. Brown (2010). Understanding Conceptual Innovation in Science. Metascience 19 (2):273-276.
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  12. Harold Brown (2009). Interpretation, Constraint, and the Prospects of Scientific Realism. Human Affairs 19 (2).
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  13. Harvey R. Brown, Wayne Myrvold & Jos Uffink (2009). Boltzmann's H-Theorem, its Discontents, and the Birth of Statistical Mechanics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 40 (2):174-191.
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  14. Harold I. Brown (2008). 1 The Case for Indirect Realism. In Edmond Wright (ed.), The Case for Qualia. The Mit Press. 45.
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  15. Harold I. Brown & Mark Crooks (2008). A Book Entitled Schroedinger's Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics (Kluwer, 1996). He Also Published Two Books in French on Quantum Mechanics and on Realism in Science, in 1996 and 1998. More Recently, He has Focused on the Relations Between the Philosophy of Quantum Mechanics and the Philosophy of Mind, Working in Close Collaboration with F. Varela. He Pub. [REVIEW] In Edmond Wright (ed.), The Case for Qualia. The Mit Press. 367.
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  16. Harvey R. Brown & Wayne Myrvold, Boltzmann's H-Theorem, its Limitations, and the Birth of (Fully) Statistical Mechanics.
    A comparison is made of the traditional Loschmidt (reversibility) and Zermelo (recurrence) objections to Boltzmann's H-theorem, and its simplified variant in the Ehrenfests' 1912 wind-tree model. The little-cited 1896 (pre-recurrence) objection of Zermelo (similar to an 1889 argument due to Poincare) is also analysed. Significant differences between the objections are highlighted, and several old and modern misconceptions concerning both them and the H-theorem are clarified. We give (...)
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  17. H. Brown (2007). A. Elitzur, S. Dolev and N. Kolenda, Editors, Quo Vadis Quantum Mechanics?, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York (2005) ISBN 3-540-22188-3 (61 Figs., 421pp., $ 59.95, Hardcover). [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 38 (4):979-982.
  18. Halina Szejnwald Brown (2007). Transformation of the Environmental Regulatory System in Poland During the 1990s. Knowledge, Technology, and Policy 19 (4):26-43.
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  19. Harvey R. Brown (2007). A. ElitzurS. DolevN. KolendaQuo Vadis Quantum Mechanics? 2005SpringerBerlin, Heidelberg, New York3-540-22188-3 (61 Figs., 421pp., $59.95, Hardcover). [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 38 (4):979-982.
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  20. Harold Brown (2006). Comment on Radical Externalism. Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (s 7-8):14-27.
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  21. Harold I. Brown (2006). Conceptual Systems. London.
    New concepts are constantly being introduced into our thinking. Conceptual Systems explores how these new concepts are entered into our systems along with sufficient continuity with older ideas to ensure understanding. The encyclopaedic breadth of this text highlights the many different aspects and disciplines that together present an insightful view into the various theories of concepts. Harold Brown, a reputable author in the philosophy of science examines several historically influential theories of concepts as well as providing a clear view on (...)
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  22. Harold I. Brown (2006). More About Judgment and Reason. Metaphilosophy 37 (5):646-651.
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  23. Harvey R. Brown & Oliver Pooley (2006). Minkowski Space-Time: A Glorious Non-Entity. In Dennis Dieks (ed.), The Ontology of Spacetime. Elsevier. 67--89.
    It is argued that Minkowski space-time cannot serve as the deep structure within a ``constructive'' version of the special theory of relativity, contrary to widespread opinion in the philosophical community.
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  24. Harold I. Brown (2005). Incommensurability Reconsidered. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (1):149-169.
  25. Harvey R. Brown & Christopher G. Timpson, Why Special Relativity Should Not Be a Template for a Fundamental Reformulation of Quantum Mechanics.
    In a comparison of the principles of special relativity and of quantum mechanics, the former theory is marked by its relative economy and apparent explanatory simplicity. A number of theorists have thus been led to search for a small number of postulates - essentially information theoretic in nature - that would play the role in quantum mechanics that the relativity principle and the light postulate jointly play in Einstein's 1905 special relativity theory. The purpose of the present paper is to (...)
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  26. Harvey R. Brown & David Wallace (2005). Solving the Measurement Problem: De Broglie-Bohm Loses Out to Everett. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 35 (4):517-540.
    The quantum theory of de Broglie and Bohm solves the measurement problem, but the hypothetical corpuscles play no role in the argument. The solution finds a more natural home in the Everett interpretation.
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  27. Harvey Brown & David Wallace (2005). Solving the Measurement Problem: De Broglie-Bohm Loses Out to Everett. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 35 (4):517-540.
    The quantum theory of de Broglie and Bohm solves the measurement problem, but the hypothetical corpuscles play no role in the argument. The solution finds a more natural home in the Everett interpretation.
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  28. Katherine Brading & Harvey R. Brown (2004). Are Gauge Symmetry Transformations Observable? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (4):645-665.
    In a recent paper in this journal, Kosso ([2000]) discussed the observational status of continuous symmetries of physics. While we are in broad agreement with his approach, we disagree with his analysis. In the discussion of the status of gauge symmetry, a set of examples offered by 't Hooft ([1980]) has influenced several philosophers, including Kosso; in all cases the interpretation of the examples is mistaken. In this paper, we present our preferred approach to the empirical significance of symmetries, re-analysing (...)
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  29. H. Brown (2004). Are Patient Information Leaflets Contributing to Informed Consent for Cataract Surgery? Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (2):218-220.
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  30. Harold I. Brown (2004). Review of Margolis. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 71 (4):626-630.
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  31. Harvey R. Brown & Peter Holland, Dynamical Versus Variational Symmetries: Understanding Noether's First Theorem.
    It is argued that awareness of the distinction between dynamical and variational symmetries is crucial to understanding the significance of Noether's 1918 work. Specific attention is paid, by way of a number of striking examples, to Noether's first theorem, which establishes a correlation between dynamical symmetries and conservation principles.
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  32. Gweneth Doane, Bernadette Pauly, Helen Brown & Gladys McPherson (2004). Exploring The Heart Ofethical Nursing Practice: Implications for Ethics Education. Nursing Ethics 11 (3):240-253.
    The limitations of rational models of ethical decision making and the importance of nurses’ human involvement as moral agents is increasingly being emphasized in the nursing literature. However, little is known about how nurses involve themselves in ethical decision making and action or about educational processes that support such practice. A recent study that examined the meaning and enactment of ethical nursing practice for three groups of nurses (nurses in direct care positions, student nurses, and nurses in advanced practice positions) (...)
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  33. Christopher Gordon Timpson & Harvey Brown, Proper and Improper Separability.
    The distinction between proper and improper mixtures is a staple of the discussion of foundational questions in quantum mechanics. Here we note an analogous distinction in the context of the theory of entanglement. The terminology of `proper' versus `improper' separability is proposed to mark the distinction.
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  34. Katherine Bracing & Harvey R. Brown (2003). Symmetries and Noether's Theorems. In Katherine A. Brading & Elena Castellani (eds.), Symmetries in Physics: Philosophical Reflections. Cambridge University Press. 89.
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  35. Harold I. Brown (2003). Critical Rationalism. International Studies in Philosophy 35 (4):378-379.
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  36. Harold I. Brown (2003). The Logical Universe. International Studies in Philosophy 35 (4):210-212.
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  37. Harvey R. Brown, Michelson, Fitzgerald and Lorentz: The Origins of Relativity Revisited.
    It is argued that an unheralded moment marking the beginnings of relativity theory occurred in 1889, when G. F. FitzGerald, no doubt with the puzzling 1887 Michelson-Morley experiment fresh in mind, wrote to Heaviside about the possible effects of motion on inter-molecular forces in bodies. Emphasis is placed on the difference between FitzGerald's and Lorentz's independent justifications of the shape distortion effect involved. Finally, the importance of the their `constructive' approach to kinematics---stripped of any commitment to the physicality of the (...)
     
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  38. Peter Holland & Harvey R. Brown (2003). The Non-Relativistic Limits of the Maxwell and Dirac Equations: The Role of Galilean and Gauge Invariance. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 34 (2):161-187.
    The aim of this paper is to illustrate four properties of the non-relativistic limits of relativistic theories: (a) that a massless relativistic field may have a meaningful non-relativistic limit, (b) that a relativistic field may have more than one non-relativistic limit, (c) that coupled relativistic systems may be ''more relativistic'' than their uncoupled counterparts, and (d) that the properties of the non-relativistic limit of a dynamical equation may differ from those obtained when the limiting equation is based directly on exact (...)
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  39. Harvey Brown & Katherine Brading (2002). General Covariance From the Perspective of Noether's Theorems. Diálogos (Puerto Rico) 79.
    Analysis of Emmy Noether’s 1918 theorems provides an illuminating method for testing the consequences of “coordinate generality”, and for exploring what else must be added to this requirement in order to give general covariance its far-reaching physical significance. The discussion takes us through Noether’s first and second theorems, and then a third related theorem due originally to F. Klein. Contact will also be made with the contributions of, principally, J.L. Anderson, A. Trautman, P.A.M. Dirac, R. Torretti and the father of (...)
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  40. Oliver Pooley & Harvey R. Brown (2002). Relationalism Rehabilitated? I: Classical Mechanics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 53 (2):183--204.
    The implications for the substantivalist–relationalist controversy of Barbour and Bertotti's successful implementation of a Machian approach to dynamics are investigated. It is argued that in the context of Newtonian mechanics, the Machian framework provides a genuinely relational interpretation of dynamics and that it is more explanatory than the conventional, substantival interpretation. In a companion paper (Pooley [2002a]), the viability of the Machian framework as an interpretation of relativistic physics is explored. 1 Introduction 2 Newton versus Leibniz 3 Absolute space versus (...)
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  41. Christopher Gordon Timpson & Harvey Brown, Entanglement and Relativity.
    This paper surveys some of the questions that arise when we consider how entanglement and relativity are related via the notion of non-locality. We begin by reviewing the role of entangled states in Bell inequality violation and question whether the associated notions of non-locality lead to problems with relativity. The use of entanglement and wavefunction collapse in Einstein's famous incompleteness argument is then considered, before we go on to see how the issue of non-locality is transformed if one considers quantum (...)
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  42. Harold I. Brown (2001). Error and the Growth of Experimental Knowledge. International Studies in Philosophy 33 (4):135-137.
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  43. Harold I. Brown (2001). Incommensurability and Reality. In. In Paul Hoyningen-Huene & Howard Sankey (eds.), Incommensurability and Related Matters. Kluwer. 123--142.
  44. Harvey R. Brown (2001). The Origins of Length Contraction: I. The Fitzgerald-Lorentz Deformation Hypothesis. American Journal of Physics 69:1044-1054.
    One of the widespread confusions concerning the history of the 1887 Michelson-Morley experiment has to do with the initial explanation of this celebrated null result due independently to FitzGerald and Lorentz. In neither case was a strict, longitudinal length contraction hypothesis invoked, as is commonly supposed. Lorentz postulated, particularly in 1895, any one of a certain family of possible deformation effects for rigid bodies in motion, including purely transverse alteration, and expansion as well as contraction; FitzGerald may well have had (...)
     
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  45. Harvey R. Brown & Oliver Pooley (2001). The Origins of the Spacetime Metric: Bell's Lorentzian Pedagogy and its Significance in General Relativity. In Craig Callender & Nick Huggett (eds.), Physics Meets Philosophy at the Plank Scale. Cambridge University Press. 256--72.
    The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the `Lorentzian Pedagogy' defended by J.S. Bell in his essay ``How to teach special relativity'', and to explore its consistency with Einstein's thinking from 1905 to 1952. Some remarks are also made in this context on Weyl's philosophy of relativity and his 1918 gauge theory. Finally, it is argued that the Lorentzian pedagogy---which stresses the important connection between kinematics and dynamics---clarifies the role of rods and clocks in general relativity.
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  46. Harvey R. Brown & Jos Uffink (2001). The Origins of Time-Asymmetry in Thermodynamics: The Minus First Law. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 32 (4):525-538.
    This paper investigates what the source of time-asymmetry is in thermodynamics, and comments on the question whether a time-symmetric formulation of the Second Law is possible.
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  47. Harold I. Brown (2000). Berkeley on the Conceivability of Qualities and Material Objects. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 7:161-168.
    Berkeley’s “selective attention” account of how we establish general conclusions without abstract ideas—particularly in light of his denial of abstract ideas and rejection of the legitimacy of several subjects of scientific and philosophic study on the grounds that they presuppose abstract ideas—yields a puzzle: Why can’t we begin with ideas and use the method of selective attention to establish conclusions about qualities and material objects independently of their being perceived, even though we do not have ideas of these entities? I (...)
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  48. Harold I. Brown (2000). Book Review:Knowledge in a Social World Alvin I. Goldman. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 67 (2):348-.
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  49. Harold O. J. Brown (2000). From Helen of Troy to Helena Blavatsky. The Chesterton Review 26 (1/2):49-57.
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