Search results for 'H. Werhane Patricia' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Patricia H. Werhane (1993). Werhane's Letter to Harvard Business Review. The Society for Business Ethics Newsletter 4 (3):11-11.score: 380.0
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  2. Patricia H. Werhane, Laura P. Hartman, Dennis Moberg, Elaine Englehardt, Michael Pritchard & Bidhan Parmar (2011). Social Constructivism, Mental Models, and Problems of Obedience. Journal of Business Ethics 100 (1):103 - 118.score: 320.0
    There are important synergies for the next generation of ethical leaders based on the alignment of modified or adjusted mental models. This entails a synergistic application of moral imagination through collaborative input and critique, rather than "me too" obedience. In this article, we will analyze the Milgram results using frameworks relating to mental models (Werhane et al., Profitable partnerships for poverty alleviation, 2009), as well as work by Moberg on "ethics blind spots'' (Organizational Studies 27(3): 413-428, 2006), and by (...)
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  3. Patricia H. Werhane (2008). Mental Models, Moral Imagination and System Thinking in the Age of Globalization. Journal of Business Ethics 78 (3):463 - 474.score: 290.0
    After experiments with various economic systems, we appear to have conceded, to misquote Winston Churchill that "free enterprise is the worst economic system, except all the others that have been tried." Affirming that conclusion, I shall argue that in today's expanding global economy, we need to revisit our mind-sets about corporate governance and leadership to fit what will be new kinds of free enterprise. The aim is to develop a values-based model for corporate governance in this age of globalization that (...)
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  4. Patricia H. Werhane (1989). The Ethics of Insider Trading. Journal of Business Ethics 8 (11):841 - 845.score: 290.0
    Despite the fact that a number of economists and philosophers of late defend insider trading both as a viable and useful practice in a free market and as not immoral, I shall question the value of insider trading both from a moral and an economic point of view. I shall argue that insider trading both in its present illegal form and as a legalized market mechanism undermines the efficient and proper functioning of a free market, thereby bringing into question its (...)
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  5. Simone De Colle & Patricia H. Werhane (2008). Moral Motivation Across Ethical Theories: What Can We Learn for Designing Corporate Ethics Programs? Journal of Business Ethics 81 (4):751 - 764.score: 290.0
    In this article we discuss what are the implications for improving the design of corporate ethics programs, if we focus on the moral motivation accounts offered by main ethical theories. Virtue ethics, deontological ethics and utilitarianism offer different criteria of judgment to face moral dilemmas: Aristotle's virtues of character, Kant's categorical imperative, and Mill's greatest happiness principle are, respectively, their criteria to answer the question "What is the right thing to do?" We look at ethical theories from a different perspective: (...)
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  6. Patricia H. Werhane (1991). Engineers and Management: The Challenge of the Challenger Incident. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 10 (8):605 - 616.score: 290.0
    The Challenger incident was a result of at least four kinds of difficulties: differing perceptions and priorities of the engineers and management at Thiokol and at NASA, a preoccupation with roles and role responsibilities on the part of engineers and managers, contrasting corporate cultures at Thiokol and its parent, Morton, and a failure both by engineers and by managers to exercise individual moral responsibility. I shall argue that in the Challenger case organizational structure, corporate culture, engineering and managerial habits, and (...)
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  7. Patricia H. Werhane (2000). Business Ethics and the Origins of Contemporary Capitalism: Economics and Ethics in the Work of Adam Smith and Herbert Spencer. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 24 (3):185 - 198.score: 290.0
    Both Adam Smith and Herbert spencer, albeit in quite different ways, have been enormously influential in what we today take to be philosophies of modern capitalism. Surprisingly it is Spencer, not Smith, who is the individualist, perhaps an egoist, and supports a "night watchman" theory of the state. Smith's concept of political economy is a notion that needs to be revisited, and Spencer's theory of democratic workplace management offers a refreshing twist on contemporary libertarianism.
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  8. Patricia H. Werhane (2002). Moral Imagination and Systems Thinking. Journal of Business Ethics 38 (1-2):33 - 42.score: 290.0
    Taking the lead from Susan Wolf's and Linda Emanuel's work on systems thinking, and developing ideas from Moberg's, Seabright's and my work on mental models and moral imagination, in this paper I shall argue that what is often missing in management decision-making is a systems approach. Systems thinking requires conceiving of management dilemmas as arising from within a system with interdependent elements, subsystems, and networks of relationships and patterns of interaction. Taking a systems approach and coupling it with moral imagination, (...)
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  9. Patricia H. Werhane (1988). Two Ethical Issues in Mergers and Acquisitions. Journal of Business Ethics 7 (1-2):41 - 45.score: 290.0
    With the recent rash of mergers and friendly and unfriendly takeovers, two important issues have not received sufficient attention as questionable ethical practices. One has to do with the rights of employees affected in mergers and acquisitions and the second concerns the responsibilities of shareholders during these activities. Although employees are drastically affected by a merger or an acquisition because in almost every case a number of jobs are shifted or even eliminated, employees at all levels are usually the last (...)
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  10. Patricia H. Werhane (1991). The Indefensibility of Insider Trading. Journal of Business Ethics 10 (9):729 - 731.score: 290.0
    The article, Inside Trading Revisited, has taken the stance that insider trading is neither unethical nor economically inefficient. Attacking my arguments to the contrary developed in an earlier article, The Ethics of Inside Trading (Journal of Business Ethics, 1989) this article constructs careful arguments and even appeals to Adam Smith to justify its conclusions. In my response to this article I shall clarify my position as well as that of Smith to support my counter-contention that insider trading is both unethical (...)
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  11. Martin J. Calkins & Patricia H. Werhane (1998). Adam Smith, Aristotle, and the Virtues of Commerce. Journal of Value Inquiry 32 (1):43-60.score: 290.0
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  12. Patricia H. Werhane (1989). Corporate and Individual Moral Responsibility: A Reply to Jan Garrett. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 8 (10):821 - 822.score: 290.0
  13. Patricia H. Werhane (1989). The Role of Self-Interest in Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations. Journal of Philosophy 86 (11):669-680.score: 290.0
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  14. Mary V. Rorty, Patricia H. Werhane & Ann E. Mills (2004). The Rashomon Effect: Organization Ethics in Health Care. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 16 (2):75-94.score: 290.0
  15. Patricia H. Werhane (2003). Employment-At-Will, Employee Rights, and Future Directions for Employment. Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (2):113-130.score: 290.0
    During recent years, the principle and practice of employment-at-will have been under attack. While progress has been madein eroding the practice, the principle still governs the philosophical assumptions underlying employment practices in the United States,and, indeed, EAW has been promulgated as one of the ways to address economic ills in other countries. This paper will briefly reviewthe major critiques of EAW. Given the failure of these arguments to erode the underpinnings of EAW, we shall suggest new avenues forapproaching employment issues (...)
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  16. Patricia H. Werhane (1998). Moral Imagination and the Search for Ethical Decision-Making in Management. The Ruffin Series of the Society for Business Ethics 1998:75-98.score: 290.0
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  17. Patricia H. Werhane (1987). Some Paradoxes in Kripke's Interpretation of Wittgenstein. Synthese 73 (2):253 - 273.score: 290.0
    Kripke's skeptical interpretation of Wittgenstein's project in the Philosophical Investigations attributes to Wittgenstein a radical skepticism about the objectivity of rules and thus the meanings of words and the existence of language as well as a skepticism about the truth conditions underlying our alleged facts about the world. Kripke then contends that Wittgenstein solves this skeptical paradox by committing himself to what I shall call a Communitarian View of language. There are a number of difficulties with Kripke's interpretation of the (...)
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  18. Patricia H. Werhane (1992). Wittgenstein and Moral Realism. Journal of Value Inquiry 26 (3):381-393.score: 290.0
    I argue, contra Sabina Lovibond, that one cannot defend a viable form of moral realism from the perspective of linguistic conventionalism. Appealing to the later Wittgenstein, I argue that Wittgenstein's alleged linguistic conventionalism rests on the objective ground of the notion of a rule. While Wittgenstein acknowledges that the subjective and social context out of which we operate precludes getting at reality independent of a perspective, neither is he an anti-realist nor does he replace truth conditions with assertibility conditions. If (...)
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  19. Laura P. Hartman & Patricia H. Werhane (2009). A Modular Approach to Business Ethics Integration: At the Intersection of the Stand-Alone and the Integrated Approaches. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (3):295 - 300.score: 290.0
    While no one seems to believe that business schools or their faculties bear entire responsibility for the ethical decision-making processes of their students, these same institutions do have some burden of accountability for educating students surrounding these skills. To that end, the standards promulgated by the Association to Advance Collegiate School of Business (AACSB), their global accrediting body, require that students learn ethics as part of a business degree. However, since the AACSB does not require the inclusion of a specific (...)
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  20. E. Gorman Michael, H. Werhane Patricia & Nathan Swami (2009). Moral Imagination, Trading Zones, and the Role of the Ethicist in Nanotechnology. Nanoethics 3 (3).score: 290.0
    The societal and ethical impacts of emerging technological and business systems cannot entirely be foreseen; therefore, management of these innovations will require at least some ethicists to work closely with researchers. This is particularly critical in the development of new systems because the maximum degrees of freedom for changing technological direction occurs at or just after the point of breakthrough; that is also the point where the long-term implications are hardest to visualize. Recent work on shared expertise in Science & (...)
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  21. Patricia H. Werhane (1984). Sandra Day O'Connor and the Justification of Abortion. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 5 (3).score: 290.0
    The recent Supreme Court decision upholding Roe v. Wade and in particular, the dissent by Justice Sandra Day O'Connor, sheds new light on the issue of abortion. Let us consider any stage of a pregnancy when abortion is medically safe for the mother. If at that stage it is also medically viable to save the fetus, is an abortion performed at that stage of pregnancy morally justifiable? For example, if it is, or becomes, medically safe to perform abortions after first (...)
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  22. Patricia H. Werhane (2009). Book Reviews:Conscience and Corporate Culture. [REVIEW] Ethics 119 (2):353-356.score: 290.0
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  23. Patricia H. Werhane (2007). Women Leaders in a Globalized World. Journal of Business Ethics 74 (4):425 - 435.score: 290.0
    This article will defend a very simple thesis. In a diverse globalized “flat” world with expanding economic opportunities and risks, we will need to revisit and revise our mindsets about free enterprise, corporate governance, and leadership. That we can change our mindsets and world view is illustrated by studies of primate behavior, and the kind of leadership necessary in a global economy is, interestingly, exemplified by women.
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  24. Patricia H. Werhane (2001). The Myth of Minimums. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (2):298-302.score: 290.0
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  25. Patricia H. Werhane & Mary V. Rorty (2000). Organization Ethics in Healthcare. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (02):145-146.score: 290.0
    Bioethics, clinical ethics, and professional ethics are mature, well-developed fields of applied ethics that focus on medical research, patient autonomy and patient care, patient–healthcare professional relationships, and issues that arise in clinical and other medical settings. However, despite these developments, little attention has been paid to the organizational aspects of healthcare in these fields. This is surprising, because in the last 30 years healthcare has become more and more institutionalized in provider, management, and insurer organizations. Despite JCAHO's preoccupation with organizational (...)
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  26. Patricia H. Werhane (2000). Exporting Mental Models. Business Ethics Quarterly 10 (1):353-362.score: 290.0
    The most serious ethical challenge facing multinational corporations in the next century is their exportation of the mental model of Western-style capitalism. This model promises that industrialized free enterprise in a free trade global economy, where businesses and entrepreneurs can pursue their interests competitively without undue regulations or labor restrictions, will produce growth and well-being, i.e., economic good, in every country or community where this phenomenon is allowed to operate. This paper points to some limitations to this model and illustrates (...)
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  27. Patricia H. Werhane (1999). 3. “The Very Idea of a Conceptual Scheme”. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:47-68.score: 290.0
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  28. Ann E. Mills, Mary V. Rorty & Patricia H. Werhane (2003). Complexity and the Role of Ethics in Health Care. Emergence 5 (3):6-21.score: 290.0
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  29. Patricia H. Werhane (2000). Business Ethics, Stakeholder Theory, and the Ethics of Healthcare Organizations. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 9 (02):169-181.score: 290.0
    Until recently (before managed care), business issues in healthcare organizations (HCOs) were relatively insulated from clinical issues, for several reasons. The hospital at earlier stages of its development operated on a combination of charitable and equitable premises, allowing for providing care to be separated from financial support. Physicians, who were primarily responsible for clinical care, constituted an independent power nexus within the hospital and were governed by their own professional codes of ethics. In exchange for a great deal of control (...)
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  30. Patricia H. Werhane (2007). Michael S. Pritchard, Professional Integrity:Professional Integrity. Ethics 117 (4):777-780.score: 290.0
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  31. Patricia H. Werhane (2006). A Place for Philosophers in Applied Ethics and the Role of Moral Reasoning in Moral Imagination: A Response to Richard Rorty. Business Ethics Quarterly 16 (3):401-408.score: 290.0
    This article presents a response to Richard Rorty's paper "Is Philosophy Relevant to Business Ethics?" The author questions Rorty's views on the depreciation of the role of philosophy in applied ethics, and outlines four reasons why philosophy retains its relevance. The author addresses the role of moral reasoning in the development of the moral imagination. The author also concludes that humans have the means necessary to make moral progress and are capable of moral reasoning, and need only to develop a (...)
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  32. Patricia H. Werhane (1994). The Normatice/Descriptive Distinction in Methodologies of Business Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 4 (2):175-180.score: 290.0
    Most papers in this issue carefully analyze normative and empirical methodologies. I shall argue that (a) there is no purely empirical nor purely normative methodology; (b) some terms escape the division of the normative and descriptive. (c) Most importantly, dialogues such as this one point to a form of integration that allows us to reflect on what it is that each approach presupposes in its study of business ethics. Thus we have made progress in recognizing the importance of each methodology, (...)
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  33. Emmett L. Bradbury, Anne W. Eaton, Sandra Jane Fairbanks, Jeffrey R. Flynn, Daniel Jacobson, Kenton F. Machina, Michael Pakaluk, Sebastian G. Rand, Lloyd Steffen & Patricia H. Werhane (2002). Book Notes. [REVIEW] Ethics 113 (1):191-198.score: 290.0
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  34. Patricia H. Werhane (1989). Does "Obeying a Rule is a Practice" Imply a Community View of Language? Metaphilosophy 20 (2):134–151.score: 290.0
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  35. Patricia H. Werhane, Robert Allan Cooke & Paul F. Camenisch (1985). Introduction. Journal of Business Ethics 4 (4):223 - 225.score: 290.0
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  36. Patricia H. Werhane (1999). Justice and Trust. Journal of Business Ethics 21 (2-3):237 - 249.score: 290.0
    With the demise of Marxism and socialism, the United States is becoming a model not merely for free enterprise, but also for employment practices worldwide. I believe that free enterprise is the least worst economic system, given the alternatives, a position I shall assume, but not defend, here. However, I shall argue, a successful free enterprise political economy does not entail mimicking US employment practices. I find even today in 1998, as I shall outline in more detail, these practices, when (...)
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  37. Patricia H. Werhane (2001). Monsanto and Intellectual Property. Teaching Ethics 2 (1):91-100.score: 290.0
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  38. Patricia H. Werhane (2012). Multinational Corporations and Global Justice. Business Ethics Quarterly 22 (1):193-198.score: 290.0
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  39. Keith Burgess‐Jackson, Cheshire Calhoun, Susan Finsen, Chad W. Flanders, Heather J. Gert, Peter G. Heckman, John Kelsay, Michael Lavin, Michelle Y. Little, Lionel K. McPherson, Alfred Nordmann, Kirk Pillow, Ruth J. Sample, Edward D. Sherline, Hans O. Tiefel, Thomas S. Tomlinson, Steven Walt, Patricia H. Werhane, Edward C. Wingebach & Christopher F. Zurn (2001). Book Notes. [REVIEW] Ethics 112 (1):189-201.score: 290.0
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  40. Patricia H. Werhane (1990). Aspects of Health Care as a Business: An Introduction. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 11 (4):257-259.score: 290.0
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  41. Patricia H. Werhane (1999). Bibliography. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:129-139.score: 290.0
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  42. Patricia H. Werhane (1979). Evaluating the Classificatory Process. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 37 (3):352-354.score: 290.0
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  43. Patricia H. Werhane (2010). Principles and Practices for Corporate Responsibility. Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (4):695-701.score: 290.0
    The first issue of Business Ethics Quarterly was launched in 1991. At that time there were few general principles that could serve as guidelines for global business. However, since 1991 a plethora of such principles have been developed to serve as guidelines and evaluative mechanisms for global corporate responsibilities. But operationalizing these principles in practice has been a challenge for most transnational corporations and even for smaller, more local enterprises. This is because, in some cases, the principles ask too much (...)
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  44. Patricia H. Werhane (1987). The Constitutive Nature of Rules. Southern Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):239-254.score: 290.0
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  45. Patricia H. Werhane (1983). Accountability and Employee Rights. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 1 (3):15-26.score: 290.0
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  46. Patricia H. Werhane & Robert Allan Cooke (1986). Introduction. Journal of Business Ethics 5 (3):171 - 172.score: 290.0
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  47. Patricia H. Werhane (1994). Moral Character and Moral Reasoning. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:98-106.score: 290.0
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  48. Patricia H. Werhane (1999). 6. Moral Reasoning and Moral Imagination. The Ruffin Series in Business Ethics:109-126.score: 290.0
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  49. Patricia H. Werhane (1990). The Ethics of Health Care as a Business. Business and Professional Ethics Journal 9 (3/4):7-20.score: 290.0
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  50. Patricia H. Werhane (1993). Executive Committee Vote. The Society for Business Ethics Newsletter 4 (1):5-5.score: 290.0
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