Search results for 'Habit' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. John Christian Laursen (2011). David Hume on custom and habit and living with skepticism. Daimon 52:87-99.score: 24.0
    This article is an exploration of David Hume's philosophy of custom and habit as a way of living with skepticism. For Hume, man is a habit-forming animal, and all politics and history take place within a history of custom and habit. This is not a bad thing: life without custom and habit would be a nightmare. Hume draws on the "new science" of thinkers such as Locke, Shaftesbury, Mandeville, Hutcheson, and Butler to foreground the importance of (...)
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  2. Helen A. Fielding (2014). The Poetry of Habit: Beauvoir and Merleau-Ponty on Aging Embodiment. In Silvia Stoller (ed.), Simone de Beauvoir’s Philosophy of Age: Gender, Ethics. DeGruyter Publishers69-81.score: 24.0
    As people age their actions often become entrenched—we might say they are not open to the new; they are less able to adapt; they are stuck in a rut. Indeed, in The Coming of Age (La Vieillesse) Simone de Beauvoir writes that to be old is to be condemned neither to freedom nor to meaning, but rather to boredom (Beauvoir 1996, 461; 486). While in many ways a very pessimistic account of ageing, the text does provide promising moments where her (...)
     
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  3. David Morris (2001). Lived Time and Absolute Knowing: Habit and Addiction From Infinite Jest to the Phenomenology of Spirit. Clio 30:375-415.score: 24.0
    A study of habit and other unconscious backgrounds of action shows how shapes of spiritual life in Hegel's Phenomenology of Spirit each imply correlative senses of lived time. The very form of time thus gives spirit a sensuous encounter with its own concept. The point that conceptual content is manifest in the sensuous form of time is key to an interpretation of Hegel's infamous and puzzling remarks about time and the concept in ``absolute knowing.'' The article also shows how (...)
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  4. Tom Sparrow & Adam Hutchinson (eds.) (2013). A History of Habit: From Aristotle to Bourdieu. Lexington Books.score: 24.0
    The essays collected here demonstrate that the philosophy of habit is not confined to the work of just a handful of thinkers, but traverses the entire history of Western philosophy and continues to thrive in contemporary theory. A History of Habit: From Aristotle to Bourdieu is the first book to document the richness and diversity of this history. It demonstrates the breadth, flexibility, and explanatory power of the concept of habit as well as its enduring significance. It (...)
     
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  5. John Sutton (2007). Batting, Habit, and Memory: The Embodied Mind and the Nature of Skill. Sport in Society 10 (5):763-786.score: 21.0
    in Jeremy McKenna (ed), At the Boundaries of Cricket, to be published in 2007 as a special issue of the journal Sport in Society and as a book in the series Sport in the Global Society (Taylor and Francis).
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  6. Audrey L. Anton (2006). Breaking the Habit. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 13 (2):58-66.score: 21.0
  7. C. P. Duncan (1945). The Effect of Electroshock Convulsions on the Maze Habit in the White Rat. Journal of Experimental Psychology 35 (4):267.score: 21.0
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  8. Eugene Eisman, Adele Asimow & Irving Maltzman (1956). Habit Strength as a Function of Drive in a Brightness Discrimination Problem. Journal of Experimental Psychology 52 (1):58.score: 21.0
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  9. J. M. Felsinger (1944). The Generalization of Extinction Effects Within a Habit Pattern. Journal of Experimental Psychology 34 (6):477.score: 21.0
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  10. Joseph H. Grosslight, John F. Hall & Winfield Scott (1954). Reinforcement Schedules in Habit Reversal—a Confirmation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (3):173.score: 21.0
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  11. D. C. McClelland (1943). Studies in Serial Verbal Discrimination Learning. IV. Habit Reversal After Two Degrees of Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 33 (6):457.score: 21.0
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  12. Alexander M. Buchwald & Harry G. Yamaguchi (1955). The Effect of Change in Drive Level on Habit Reversal. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (4):265.score: 21.0
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  13. Robert G. Crowder (1967). Proactive and Retroactive Inhibition in the Retention of a T-Maze Habit in Rats. Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (2, Pt.1):167-171.score: 21.0
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  14. George W. Doten (1955). The Effects of Rest Periods on Interference of a Well-Established Habit. Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (6):401.score: 21.0
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  15. C. W. Fairlie (1937). The Effect of Shock at the "Moment of Choice" on the Formation of a Visual Discrimination Habit. Journal of Experimental Psychology 21 (6):662.score: 21.0
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  16. James J. Hug & John J. Porter (1968). Interaction of Habit (H) and Drive (D) in Classical Eyelid Conditioning: H and D as Functions of Ucs Intensity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (1):150.score: 21.0
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  17. S. Koch & W. J. Daniel (1945). The Effect of Satiation on the Behavior Mediated by a Habit of Maximum Strength. Journal of Experimental Psychology 35 (3):167.score: 21.0
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  18. Jefferson M. Koonce, Davis J. Chambliss & Arthur L. Irion (1964). Long-Term Reminiscence in the Pursuit-Rotor Habit. Journal of Experimental Psychology 67 (5):498.score: 21.0
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  19. Richard J. Koppenaal & Eleanor Jagoda (1968). Proactive Inhibition of a Maze Position Habit. Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (4p1):664.score: 21.0
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  20. J. A. McGeoch (1932). The Comparative Retention Values of a Maze Habit, of Nonsense Syllables, and of Rational Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (6):662.score: 21.0
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  21. O. H. Mowrer & H. Jones (1945). Habit Strength as a Function of the Pattern of Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 35 (4):293.score: 21.0
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  22. Nancy T. Paul & Clyde E. Noble (1964). Influence of Successive Habit Reversals on Human Learning and Transfer. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (1):37.score: 21.0
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  23. Lloyd R. Peterson (1956). Prediction of Response in Verbal Habit Hierarchies. Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (4):249.score: 21.0
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  24. R. W. Russell & W. S. Hunter (1937). The Effects of Inactivity Produced by Sodium Amytal on the Retention of the Maze Habit in Albino Rats. Journal of Experimental Psychology 20 (5):426.score: 21.0
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  25. J. M. Stephens (1936). The Conditioned Reflex as the Explanation of Habit Formation: III. The Operation of Two Higher-Order Reactions in Close Succession. Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (1):77.score: 21.0
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  26. Merrell E. Thompson & Edward J. Martin (1961). Supplementary Report: Alternation in a T Maze with Habit Held Constant. Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (6):629.score: 21.0
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  27. Leon M. Wise (1962). Supplementary Report: The Weinstock Partial Reinforcement Effect and Habit Reversal. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (6):647.score: 21.0
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  28. R. N. Berry, W. S. Verplanck & C. H. Graham (1943). The Reversal of Discrimination in a Simple Running Habit. Journal of Experimental Psychology 32 (4):325.score: 21.0
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  29. Joseph C. Campione & Catherine Wentworth (1969). Differential Cue Habit Strength as a Determinant of Attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):527.score: 21.0
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  30. Joseph R. Cautela (1956). Experimental Extinction and Drive During Extinction in a Discrimination Habit. Journal of Experimental Psychology 51 (5):299.score: 21.0
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  31. M. Ray Denny, Ruth H. Wells & Jack L. Maatsch (1957). Resistance to Extinction as a Function of the Discrimination Habit Established During Fixed-Ratio Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (6):451.score: 21.0
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  32. J. W. French (1942). The Effect of Temperature on the Retention of a Maze Habit in Fish. Journal of Experimental Psychology 31 (1):79.score: 21.0
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  33. Joel E. Greene (1953). Magnitude of Reward and Acquisition of a Black-White Discrimination Habit. Journal of Experimental Psychology 46 (2):113.score: 21.0
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  34. Howard H. Kendler & Roy Lachman (1958). Habit Reversal as a Function of Schedule of Reinforcement and Drive Strength. Journal of Experimental Psychology 55 (6):584.score: 21.0
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  35. Bradley Reynolds (1949). The Relationship Between the Strength of a Habit and the Degree of Drive Present During Acquisition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 39 (3):296.score: 21.0
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  36. Irving Saltzman & Sigmund Koch (1948). The Effect of Low Intensities of Hunger on the Behavior Mediated by a Habit of Maximum Strength. Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (4):347.score: 21.0
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  37. E. M. Siipola (1941). The Relation of Transfer to Similarity in Habit-Structure. Journal of Experimental Psychology 28 (3):233.score: 21.0
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  38. Moncrieff H. Smith Jr (1952). Instructional Sets and Habit Interference. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (4):267.score: 21.0
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  39. W. S. Verplanck (1942). The Development of Discrimination in a Simple Locomotor Habit. Journal of Experimental Psychology 31 (6):441.score: 21.0
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  40. E. Habit (1998). Análisis de la dieta de Percilia gillissi (Pisces: Perciliidae) en poblaciones de río y canales de riego (cuenca del Itata, VIII Región). Theoria 7:33-46.score: 20.0
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  41. Clare Carlisle (2005). Creatures of Habit: The Problem and the Practice of Liberation. [REVIEW] Continental Philosophy Review 38 (1-2):19-39.score: 18.0
    This paper begins by reflecting on the concept of habit and discussing its significance in various philosophical and non-philosophical contexts – for this helps to clarify the connections between habit and selfhood. I then attempt to sketch an account of the self as ”nothing but habit,“ and to address the questions this raises about how such a self must be constituted. Finally, I focus on the issue of freedom, or liberation, and consider the possibility of moving beyond (...)
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  42. David Forman (2010). Second Nature and Spirit: Hegel on the Role of Habit in the Appearance of Perceptual Consciousness. Southern Journal of Philosophy 48 (4):325-352.score: 18.0
    Hegel's discussion of the concept of “habit” appears at a crucial point in his Encyclopedia system, namely, in the transition from the topic of “nature” to the topic of “spirit” (Geist): it is through habit that the subject both distinguishes itself from its various sensory states as an absolute unity (the I) and, at the same time, preserves those sensory states as the content of sensory consciousness. By calling habit a “second nature,” Hegel highlights the fact that (...)
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  43. Clare Carlisle (2010). Between Freedom and Necessity: Félix Ravaisson on Habit and the Moral Life. Inquiry 53 (2):123 – 145.score: 18.0
    This paper examines Feacutelix Ravaisson's account of habit, as presented in his 1838 essay _Of Habit_, and considers its significance in the context of moral practice. This discussion is set in an historical context by drawing attention to the different evaluations of habit in Aristotelian and Kantian philosophies, and it is argued that Kant's hostility to habit is based on the dichotomy between mind and body, and freedom and necessity, that pervades (...)
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  44. Mark Sinclair (2011). Ravaisson and the Force of Habit. Journal of the History of Philosophy 49 (1):65-85.score: 18.0
    It is hardly a secret that with the philosophy of David Hume a conception of habit comes to occupy center-stage within epistemological and psychological reflection. Habit or custom is the "great guide of human life,"1 particularly in that it conditions, as the ground of the association of ideas, all our inductions concerning the objects of experience, and our beliefs that causal relations obtain between them. Yet according to Hume, we cannot say what habit itself is. Certainly, An (...)
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  45. Benjamin Dalton (2004). Creativity, Habit, and the Social Products of Creative Action: Revising Joas, Incorporating Bourdieu. Sociological Theory 22 (4):603-622.score: 18.0
    Hans Joas's The Creativity of Action (1996) posits that conceiving of all action as fundamentally creative would overcome problems inherent in rational and normative theories of action and would provide an alternative basis for action-based theories of macrosociological phenomena. Joas conceives of creativity as a response to the frustration of "prereflective aspirations," which necessitates innovative adjustment to reestablish habitual intentions. This conceptualization creates an unsupportable duality between habitual action and creativity that neglects other possible sources of creative action, including (...) itself. Combining strengths from Bourdieu's concept of habitus, creativity can be redefined as the necessary adaption of habitual practices to specific contexts of action. Creative action continually introduces novel possibilities in practical action and provokes a variety of social responses to its products. This revised concept of creativity overcomes the dichotomy presented by Joas, identifies a microsocial source of innovation in creative action, and calls attention to patterns of creative authority in society at large. (shrink)
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  46. Shannon Sullivan (2000). Reconfiguring Gender with John Dewey: Habit, Bodies, and Cultural Change. Hypatia 15 (1):23-42.score: 18.0
    : This paper demonstrates how John Dewey's notion of habit can help us understand gender as a constitutive structure of bodily existence. Bringing Dewey's pragmatism in conjunction with Judith Butler's concept of performativity, I provide an account of how rigid binary configurations of gender might be transformed at the level of both individual habit and cultural construct.
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  47. Brooke Heidenreich Findley (2006). Does the Habit Make the Nun? A Case Study of Heloise's Influence on Abelard's Ethical Philosophy. Vivarium 44 (s 2-3):248-275.score: 18.0
    A careful reading of Heloise's letters reveals both her contribution to Abelard's ethical thought and the differences between her ethical concerns and his. In her letters, Heloise focuses on the innate moral qualities of the inner person or animus. Hypocrisy—the misrepresentation of the inner person through false outer appearance, exemplified by the potentially deceitful religious habit or habitus—is a matter of great moral concern to her. When Abelard responds to Heloise's ideas, first in his letters to her and later (...)
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  48. Ileana F. Szymanski (2009). Choices in Food and Happiness Seen From the Perspective of Aristotle's Notion of Habit. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 16 (2):12-21.score: 18.0
    In our daily life we develop habits that, being constantly practiced, become part of who we are. Two areas in which we develop habits are the evaluation of sources of food, and the evaluation of sources of happiness. It is my contention that the habits developed in those areas could affect one another. Thus, acquiring good habits in one area is of utmost importance to develop the other one. Conversely, if we develop the bad habit of picky eating this (...)
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  49. Annalise Acorn & Jason Buttuls (2013). The Not Now Habit: Procrastination, Legal Ethics and Legal Education. Legal Ethics 16 (1):73-96.score: 18.0
    In this paper we examine the relationship between diligence and ethics and the connection between procrastination and ethical misconduct for lawyers. From there we ask the question of whether legal education does enough to teach law students good habits of time management that might minimize the kind of procrastination that so often goes hand in hand with lawyer malfeasance. Far from concluding that legal education addresses these issues adequately we advance the claim that legal education actually teaches procrastination. Drawing on (...)
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  50. John Vignaux Smyth (2002). The Habit of Lying: Sacrificial Studies in Literature, Philosophy, and Fashion Theory. Duke University Press.score: 18.0
    ""The Habit of Lying" is a highly original, exceptionally sophisticated, continuously illuminating work of literary and cultural theory, and an intellectual ...
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