Search results for 'Habits' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ezio Di Nucci (2013). Habits, Nudges, and Consent. American Journal of Bioethics 13 (6):27 - 29.score: 24.0
    I distinguish between 'hard nudges' and 'soft nudges', arguing that it is possible to show that the latter can be compatible with informed consent - as Cohen has recently suggested; but that the real challenge is the compatibility of the former. Hard nudges are the more effective nudges because they work on less than conscious mechanisms such as those underlying our habits: whether those influences - which are often beyond the subject's awareness - can be reconciled with informed consent (...)
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  2. Alia Al-Saji (2014). A Phenomenology of Hesitation: Interrupting Racializing Habits of Seeing. In Emily Lee (ed.), Living Alterities: Phenomenology, Embodiment, and Race. State University of New York Press. 133-172.score: 24.0
    This paper asks how perception becomes racializing and seeks the means for its critical interruption. My aim is not only to understand the recalcitrant and limitative temporal structure of racializing habits of seeing, but also to uncover the possibilities within perception for a critical awareness and destabilization of this structure. Reading Henri Bergson and Maurice Merleau-Ponty in dialogue with Frantz Fanon, Iris Marion Young and race-critical feminism, I locate in hesitation the phenomenological moment where habits of seeing can (...)
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  3. Sae Won Kim & Chong Ju Choi (2007). Habits, Self-Control and Social Conventions: The Role of Global Media and Corporations. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 76 (2):147 - 154.score: 24.0
    There has been an intellectual debate at least since the 1960s in business ethics on the role of the media in relation to consumer choice driven by either habits or rationality. If consumers are totally rational, then the global media and global corporations provide just information and knowledge. If consumers are influenced by habit then large corporations and global media can greatly influence consumer choice and create problems of self-control (Ainslie, 1992, Pico Economics: The Strategic Interaction of Successive Motivational (...)
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  4. Jānis Ozoliņš (2010). Popper's Third World: Moral Habits, Moral Habitat and Their Maintenance. Educational Philosophy and Theory 42 (7):742-761.score: 24.0
    If we accept Popper's idea that the human habitat is described in terms of three worlds, and that there are overlaps between these three worlds, our moral actions and values will also be subject to the same kinds of consideration as a repertoire of behaviours exhibited in a physical environment. We will develop moral habits in a moral habitat and our moral behaviours will also be dependent on the kind of moral habitat in which we find ourselves.There are three (...)
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  5. [deleted]Nils-Frederic Wagner & Georg Northoff (2014). Habits: Bridging the Gap Between Personhood and Personal Identity. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.score: 24.0
    In philosophy, the criteria for personhood (PH) at a specific point in time (synchronic), and the necessary and sufficient conditions of personal identity (PI) over time (diachronic) are traditionally separated. Hence, the transition between both timescales of a person’s life remains largely unclear. Personal habits reflect a decision-making (DM) process that binds together synchronic and diachronic timescales. Despite the fact that the actualization of habits takes place synchronically, they presuppose, for the possibility of their generation, time in a (...)
     
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  6. J. Bernard (1942). The Specificity of the Effect of Shock on the Acquisition and Retention of Motor and Verbal Habits. Journal of Experimental Psychology 31 (1):69.score: 21.0
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  7. J. F. Dashiell (1924). An Experimental Isolation of Higher Level Habits. Journal of Experimental Psychology 7 (5):391.score: 21.0
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  8. Eli Saltz (1965). Spontaneous Recovery of Letter-Sequence Habits. Journal of Experimental Psychology 69 (3):304.score: 21.0
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  9. P. W. Van Tilborg (1936). The Retention of Mental and Finger Maze Habits. Journal of Experimental Psychology 19 (3):334.score: 21.0
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  10. J. H. Bowen, T. G. Andrews & Sherman Ross (1957). Effects of Counting and Ordering Habits on the Acquisition of a Simple Motor Skill. Journal of Experimental Psychology 54 (2):121.score: 21.0
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  11. Alfred Castaneda & Lewis P. Lipsitt (1959). Relation of Stress and Differential Position Habits to Performance in Motor Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (1):25.score: 21.0
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  12. Alfred Castaneda (1961). Supplementary Report: Differential Position Habits and Anxiety in Children as Determinants of Performance in Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (3):257.score: 21.0
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  13. W. O. Jenkins & F. D. Sheffield (1946). Rehearsal and Guessing Habits as Sources of the 'Spread of Effect.'. Journal of Experimental Psychology 36 (4):316.score: 21.0
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  14. Leo Postman (1962). The Effects of Language Habits on the Acquisition and Retention of Verbal Associations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (1):7.score: 21.0
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  15. R. H. Waters & Grace B. Poole (1933). The Relative Retention Values of Stylus and Mental Maze Habits. Journal of Experimental Psychology 16 (3):429.score: 21.0
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  16. D. G. Ellson (1938). Quantitative Studies of the Interaction of Simple Habits. I. Recovery From Specific and Generalized Effects of Extinction. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 23 (4):339.score: 21.0
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  17. Michael Godkewitsch (1972). The Role of Language Habits in Understanding Letter Sound Sequences. Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (1):63.score: 21.0
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  18. William O. Jenkins & Leta M. Cunningham (1949). The Guessing-Sequence Hypothesis, the 'Spread of Effect' and Number-Guessing Habits. Journal of Experimental Psychology 39 (2):158.score: 21.0
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  19. J. A. McGeoch & A. W. Melton (1929). The Comparative Retention Values of Maze Habits and of Nonsense Syllables. Journal of Experimental Psychology 12 (5):392.score: 21.0
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  20. W. R. Miles & H. M. Bell (1929). Eye-Movement Records in the Investigation of Study Habits. Journal of Experimental Psychology 12 (5):450.score: 21.0
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  21. Steven Levine (2012). Norms and Habits: Brandom on the Sociality of Action. European Journal of Philosophy 21 (2):n/a-n/a.score: 18.0
    In this paper I argue against Brandom's two-ply theory of action. For Brandom, action is the result of an agent acknowledging a practical commitment and then causally responding to that commitment by acting. Action is social because the content of the commitment upon which one acts is socially conferred in the game of giving and asking for reasons. On my proposal, instead of seeing action as the coupling of a rational capacity to acknowledge commitments and a non-rational capacity to reliably (...)
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  22. Bill Pollard (2006). Explaining Actions with Habits. American Philosophical Quarterly 43 (1):57 - 69.score: 18.0
    From time to time we explain what people do by referring to their habits. We explain somebody’s putting the kettle on in the morning as done through “force of habit”. We explain somebody’s missing a turning by saying that she carried straight on “out of habit”. And we explain somebody’s biting her nails as a manifestation of “a bad habit”. These are all examples of what will be referred to here as habit explanations. Roughly speaking, they explain by referring (...)
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  23. des Chene, From Habits to Traces.score: 18.0
    Experience makes its mark on us in many ways. It leaves traces; it instills habits. A trace, as I define it here, is a quality of the soul or mind which is distinguished by its content, its intentional object. Aristotelian species and Cartesian ideas are traces. A habit I take, following Suárez, to be a quality of the soul which assists in the acts of a power of the soul, enabling them to be performed more easily and promptly. I (...)
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  24. Annemarie Butler (2010). Vulgar Habits and Hume's Double Vision Argument. Journal of Scottish Philosophy 8 (2):169-187.score: 18.0
    In Treatise 1.4.2, David Hume seeks to explain how we come to believe in the external existence of bodies. He offers a complicated psychological account, where the imagination operates on the raw data of the senses to produce the ‘vulgar’ belief in the continued existence of the very things we sense. On behalf of philosophers, he presents a perceptual relativity argument that purports to show that the vulgar belief is false. I argue that scholars have failed to appreciate Hume's peculiar (...)
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  25. Elena Cuffari (2011). Habits of Transformation. Hypatia 26 (3):535-553.score: 18.0
    This essay argues that according to feminist existential phenomenology, feminist pragmatism, and feminist genealogy, our embodied condition is an important starting place for ethical living due to the inevitable role that habits play in our conduct. In bodies, the phenomenon of habit uniquely holds together the ambiguities of freedom and determinism, transcendence and immanence, and stability and plasticity. Seeing habit formation as a matter of self-growth and social justice gives fresh opportunity for thinking of “assuming ambiguity” as a lifelong (...)
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  26. Bill Pollard (2006). Actions, Habits and Constitution. Ratio 19 (2):229–248.score: 18.0
    In this paper I offer a critique of the view made popular by Davidson that rationalization is a species of causal explanation, and propose instead that in many cases the explanatory relation is constitutive. Given Davidson’s conception of rationalization, which allows that a huge range of states gathered under the heading ‘pro attitude’ could rationalize an action, I argue that whilst the causal thesis may have some merit for some such ‘attitudes’, it has none for others. The problematic ‘attitudes’ (...)
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  27. Christos Kyriacou (2012). Habits-Expressivism About Epistemic Justification. Philosophical Papers 41 (2):209 - 237.score: 18.0
    Abstract Although expressivist theories have been applied to many normative discourses (moral, rationality, knowledge, etc.), the normative discourse of epistemic justification has been somewhat neglected by expressivists. In this paper, I aspire to both remedy this unfortunate situation and introduce a novel version of expressivist theory: Habits-Expressivism. To pave the way for habits-expressivism, I turn to Allan Gibbard's (1990, 2003, 2008) seminal work on expressivism. I first examine Gibbard's (2003, 2008) late plan-reliance expressivism and argue that it faces (...)
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  28. Shelby Sheppard, Catherine Ashcraft & Bruce E. Larson (2011). Controversy, Citizenship, and Counterpublics: Developing Democratic Habits of Mind. Ethics and Education 6 (1):69 - 84.score: 18.0
    A wealth of research suggests the importance of classroom discussion of controversial issues for adequately preparing students for participation in democratic life. Teachers, and the larger public, however, still shy away from such discussion. Much of the current research seeking to remedy this state of affairs focuses exclusively on developing knowledge and skills. While important, this ignores significant ways in which students? beliefs about the concept or nature of controversy itself might affect such discussions and potentially, the sort of citizen (...)
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  29. Jānis OzoliF (forthcoming). Popper's Third World: Moral Habits, Moral Habitat and Their Maintenance. Educational Philosophy and Theory.score: 18.0
    If we accept Popper's idea that the human habitat is described in terms of three worlds, and that there are overlaps between these three worlds, our moral actions and values will also be subject to the same kinds of consideration as a repertoire of behaviours exhibited in a physical environment. We will develop moral habits in a moral habitat and our moral behaviours will also be dependent on the kind of moral habitat in which we find ourselves. There are (...)
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  30. Matthew J. Czarny, Ruth R. Faden, Marie T. Nolan, Edwin Bodensiek & Jeremy Sugarman (2008). Medical and Nursing Students' Television Viewing Habits: Potential Implications for Bioethics. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (12):1 – 8.score: 18.0
    Television medical dramas frequently depict the practice of medicine and bioethical issues in a strikingly realistic but sometimes inaccurate fashion. Because these shows depict medicine so vividly and are so relevant to the career interests of medical and nursing students, they may affect these students' beliefs, attitudes, and perceptions regarding the practice of medicine and bioethical issues. We conducted a web-based survey of medical and nursing students to determine the medical drama viewing habits and impressions of bioethical issues depicted (...)
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  31. Robert Rosenberger (2013). The Importance of Generalized Bodily Habits for a Future World of Ubiquitous Computing. AI and Society 28 (3):289-296.score: 18.0
    In a future world of ubiquitous computing, in which humans interact with computerized technologies even more frequently and in even more situations than today, interface design will have increased importance. One feature of interface that I argue will be especially relevant is what I call abstract relational strategies. This refers to an approach (in both a bodily and conceptual sense) toward the use of a technology, an approach that is general enough to be applied in many different concrete scenarios. Such (...)
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  32. Thomas A. Lewis (2007). Speaking of Habits. The Owl of Minerva 39 (1-2):25-53.score: 18.0
    Hegel’s account of habit plays a vital, though often overlooked, role in his philosophical anthropology as well as his ethical thought. Although first introduced in relation to basic physical capacities, habituation reappears in his account of language and in the unconscious appropriation of ethical life. Because acting out of habit is not acting freely, our freedom depends upon the abilit y to reflect consciously on our habits—which for Hegel requires articulating them in language. Contrasting Hegel with Bourdieu on the (...)
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  33. Elisa Freschi (forthcoming). Quotations, References, Etc. A Glance on the Writing Habits of a Late Mīmāṃsaka. Journal of Indian Philosophy:1-37.score: 18.0
    Rāmānujācārya’s Tantrarahasya, a philosophical treatise mainly dedicated to the hermeneutics and epistemology of the Pūrva Mīmāṃsā School, might be considered hardly more than a jigsaw of reused passages, since (at least) one third of it has a direct source, and (at least) a further third has its roots in interlanguage usage. It is thus a perfect case study for investigating the compositional habits of philosophical authors in pre-modern śāstra literature. The article analyses the formal aspects of textual reuse by (...)
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  34. Thomas Hibbs (2005). Habits of the Heart. International Philosophical Quarterly 45 (2):203-220.score: 18.0
    In contrast to the fairly entrenched interpretation of Pascal as a fideist who repudiates reason, and perhaps even ethics, in order to render religious faith the only viable option, this essay argues that an ethics of thought or belief pervades Pascal’s apology for the Christian faith. The ethics of thought is a topic much neglected among Pascal’s commentators but of great interest to contemporary virtue epistemologists and philosophers of religion. The central themes in Pascal’s ethics of thought emerge partly from (...)
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  35. Oliver Leaman (1999). Time, Modernity, and Destructive Habits of Thought. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 29 (Supplement):127-145.score: 18.0
    (1999). Time, Modernity, and Destructive Habits of Thought. Canadian Journal of Philosophy: Vol. 29, Supplementary Volume 25: Civilization and Oppression, pp. 127-145.
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  36. Robert Ehrlich (1985). Habits of the Heart: Individualism and Commitment in American Life. Telos 1985 (64):180-188.score: 18.0
    Perhaps no work which describes the American people is so comprehensive as Toqueville's Democracy in America. Bellah et. al. rely heavily upon Toqueville in Habits of the Heart in exploring how the mores of the American people have helped to shape national character. More particularly, they are interested in how Americans attempt “to preserve or create a morally coherent life” (p. 275). But unlike Toqueville for whom the issue of equality was central, Bellah and his co-authors focus their attention (...)
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  37. David Kettle (2000). Cartesian Habits And The 'Radical Line' Of Inquiry. Tradition and Discovery 27 (1):22-32.score: 18.0
    Cartesian habits of the imagination, thought to be abandoned when Michael Polanyi’s theory of knowledge is embraced, may persist unrecognised and distort interpretation of this theory. These habits are challenged by a ‘radical’ reading of Polanyi which consistently finds a paradigm for knowledge in lively research. It is argued that this is rooted in an intention which is at once and irreducibly receptive and critical, and which gives rise to the ’radical line’ of inquiry. In this setting, Cartesian (...)
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  38. Lillemor Lindwall & Iréne von Post (2008). Habits in Perioperative Nursing Culture. Nursing Ethics 15 (5):670-681.score: 18.0
    This study focuses on investigating habits in perioperative nursing culture, which are often simply accepted and not normally considered or discussed. A hermeneutical approach was chosen as the means of understanding perioperative nurses' experiences of and reflections on operating theatre culture. Focus group discussions were used to collect data, which was analysed using hermeneutical text analysis. The results revealed three main categories of habits present in perioperative nursing culture: habits that promote ethical values (by temporary friendship with (...)
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  39. Terrance MacMullan (2009). Habits of Whiteness. Indiana University Press.score: 18.0
    Revitalizing the work of W. E. B. Du Bois and John Dewey, MacMullan shows how it is possible to reconstruct racial habits and close the gap between people.
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  40. Satish Chand Bhadwal & Pramod Kumar Panda (2010). The Effect of a Package of Some Curricular Strategies on the Study Habits of Rural Primary School Students: A Year Long Study. Educational Studies 17 (3):261-271.score: 18.0
    (1991). The Effect of a Package of Some Curricular Strategies on the Study Habits of Rural Primary School Students: a year long study. Educational Studies: Vol. 17, No. 3, pp. 261-271.
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  41. Susan Love Brown (1991). Breaking the Habits of the Heart. Critical Review 5 (3):379-397.score: 18.0
    The authors of Habits of the Heart believe that American individualism ?may have grown cancerous?that it may be destroying those social integuments that Tocqueville saw as moderating its more destructive potentialities.? However, because they come to their research with an anti?individualistic bias in place, the authors fail to acknowledge the role of either recent historical events or influences other than individualistic ideas in shaping American culture. An alternative explanation for the emergence of the isolated self and the incoherence of (...)
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  42. Erskine S. Dottin (2009). Dispositions as Habits of Mind: Making Professional Conduct More Intelligent. University Press of America.score: 18.0
    This work on dispositions highlights the serious effort to help teachers and other professional school personnel to form habits and use them as active means in making their professional conduct more effective and intelligent.
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  43. Sebastien Pesce (2014). Teachers' Educational Gestures and Habits of Practical Action: Edusemiotics as a Framework for Teachers' Education. Journal of Philosophy of Education 48 (3):474-489.score: 18.0
    When trying to help teachers cope with the critical situations they face in classrooms, public policies are mainly concerned with improving initial teacher training. I claim in this article that the role of lifelong learning should no longer be undermined and that the design of teachers' training should be supported by a thorough examination of the cognitive processes involved. A faulty view of cognition may explain both our emphasis on initial training and most of the difficulties faced in designing teachers' (...)
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  44. Majda Schmidt & Helena Čreslovnik (2010). Learning Habits of Students with Special Needs in Short‐Term Vocational Education Programmes. Educational Studies 36 (4):415-430.score: 18.0
    This research examined some characteristics of the learning habits of students with special needs and those without them in programmes of short?term vocational education in five areas: motivation, learning and learning techniques, emotional, social and the area of self?evaluation. The research sample consisted of 140 students from different secondary schools. The Questionnaire on the Learning Habits of Adolescents was used for the purpose of the study. The differences between the means from individual learning habit scales, between the students (...)
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  45. John Sutton (2009). The Feel of the World: Exograms, Habits, and the Confusion of Types of Memory. In Andrew Kania (ed.), Philosophers on *Memento*. Routledge. 65-86.score: 17.0
  46. Stephen Yablo (2000). Seven Habits of Highly Effective Thinkers. In Bernard Elevitch (ed.), Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy Vol. 9. Philosophy Documentation Center. 35-45.score: 17.0
    By effective thinkers I mean not people who think effectively, but people who understand “how it’s done,” i.e., people not paralyzed by the philosophical problem of epiphenomenalism. I argue that mental causes are not preempted by either neural or narrow content states, and that extrinsically individuated mental states are not out of proportion with their putative effects. I give three examples/models of how an extrinsic cause might be more proportional to an effect than the competition.
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  47. John Sutton, Doris McIlwain, Wayne Christensen & Andrew Geeves (2011). Applying Intelligence to the Reflexes: Embodied Skills and Habits Between Dreyfus and Descartes. Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 42 (1):78-103.score: 16.0
    ‘There is no place in the phenomenology of fully absorbed coping’, writes Hubert Dreyfus, ‘for mindfulness. In flow, as Sartre sees, there are only attractive and repulsive forces drawing appropriate activity out of an active body’1. Among the many ways in which history animates dynamical systems at a range of distinctive timescales, the phenomena of embodied human habit, skilful movement, and absorbed coping are among the most pervasive and mundane, and the most philosophically puzzling. In this essay we examine both (...)
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  48. David T. Neal & Wendy Wood (2008). Linking Addictions to Everyday Habits and Plans. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):455-456.score: 16.0
    Redish et al. trace vulnerabilities in habit and planning systems almost exclusively to pharmacological effects of addictive substances on underlying brain systems. As we discuss, however, these systems also can be disrupted by purely psychological factors inherent in normal decision-making and everyday behavior. A truly unified model must integrate the contribution of both sets of factors in driving addiction.
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