Search results for 'Hagen Lindstädt' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Kristin Hagen, Ruud van den Bos & Tjard de Cock Buning (2011). Editorial: Concepts of Animal Welfare. Acta Biotheoretica 59 (2):93-103.score: 60.0
    Editorial: Concepts of Animal Welfare Content Type Journal Article Pages 93-103 DOI 10.1007/s10441-011-9134-0 Authors Kristin Hagen, Europäische Akademie zur Erforschung von Folgen wissenschaftlich-technischer Entwicklungen Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler GmbH, Wilhelmstr. 56, 53474 Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler, Germany Ruud Van den Bos, Behavioural Neuroscience, Animals in Science and Society, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 2, 3584 CM Utrecht, The Netherlands Tjard de Cock Buning, Department of Biology and Society (ATHENA Institute), Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, Vrije (...)
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  2. Kurtis Hagen (2003). Artifice and Virtue in the Xunzi. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 3 (1):85-107.score: 60.0
    Xunzi was chronologically the third of the three great Confucian thinkers of China’s classical period, after Confucius and Mencius. Having produced the most comprehensive philosophical system of that period, he occupies a place in the development of Chinese philosophy comparable to that of Aristotle in the Western philosophical tradition. This essay reveals how Xunzi’s understanding of virtue and moral development dovetailed with his positions on ritual propriety, the attunement of names, the relation betweenli (patterns) andlei (categories), and his view ofdao (...)
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  3. Edward H. Hagen & Nicole Hess (2000). Sweet Savage Love: FA, BO, and SES in the EEA. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (4):604-605.score: 60.0
    Proxies of mate value must be evolutionarily salient. Gangestad & Simpson (G&S) have made a good case that fluctuating asymmetry is an important proxy of male mate value that correlates well with genetic and developmental quality. The use of financial variables as proxies for male investment ability by Gangestad, Simpson, and virtually every other investigator of human mating in evolutionary perspective, is, however, more problematic. Correspondence:a1 Address correspondence to the first author. Department of Anthropology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA (...)
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  4. Marjorie Grene, Sherrie L. Lyons, Mark V. Barrow Jr, Ronald Rainger, Susan Lindee, Jane Maienschein, Michael Fortun & Joel B. Hagen (1994). The J.H.B. Bookshelf. Journal of the History of Biology 27 (1):161-175.score: 30.0
  5. Sara F. Tjossem, Vassiliki Betty Smocovitis, Paul Lawrence Farber, Joel B. Hagen, David Magnus & Jean-Paul Gaudilli´re (1996). The J. H. B. Bookshelf. Journal of the History of Biology 29 (1):145-154.score: 30.0
  6. Joel B. Hagen (1999). Retelling Experiments: H.B.D. Kettlewell's Studies of Industrial Melanism in Peppered Moths. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 14 (1):39-54.score: 30.0
    H. B. D. Kettlewell's field experiments on industrial melanism in the peppered moth, Biston betularia, have become the best known demonstration of natural selection in <span class='Hi'>action</span>. I argue that textbook accounts routinely portray this research as an example of controlled experimentation, even though this is historically misleading. I examine how idealized accounts of Kettlewell's research have been used by professional biologists and biology teachers. I also respond to some criticisms of David Rudge to my earlier discussions of this case (...)
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  7. James Baillie & Jason Hagen (2008). There Cannot Be Two Omnipotent Beings. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 64 (1):21 - 33.score: 30.0
    We argue that there is no metaphysically possible world with two or more omnipotent beings, due to the potential for conflicts of will between them. We reject the objection that omnipotent beings could exist in the same world when their wills could not conflict. We then turn to Alfred Mele and M.P. Smith’s argument that two coexisting beings could remain omnipotent even if, on some occasions, their wills cancel each other out so that neither can bring about what they intend. (...)
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  8. Kurtis Hagen (2011). Xunzi and the Prudence of Dao : Desire as the Motive to Become Good. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 10 (1):53-70.score: 30.0
    Xunzi is often interpreted as offering a method for transforming our desires. This essay argues that, strictly speaking, he does not. Rather, Xunzi offers a method of developing an auxiliary motivational structure capable of overpowering our original desires, when there is a conflict. When one succeeds in transforming one’s overall character, original desires nevertheless remain and are largely satisfied. This explains why one may be motivated to follow the way even before one has developed noble intentions. On Xunzi’s view, following (...)
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  9. Morten Huse, Sabina Tacheva Nielsen & Inger Marie Hagen (2009). Women and Employee-Elected Board Members, and Their Contributions to Board Control Tasks. Journal of Business Ethics 89 (4):581 - 597.score: 30.0
    We present results from a study about women and employee-elected board members, and fill some of the gaps in the literature about their contribution to board effectiveness. The empirical data are from a unique data set of Norwegian firms. Board effectiveness is evaluated in relation to board control tasks, including board corporate social responsibility (CSR) involvement. We found that the contributions of women and employee-elected board members varied depending on the board tasks studied. In the article we also explored the (...)
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  10. Kurtis Hagen (2010). The Propriety of Confucius: A Sense-of-Ritual. Asian Philosophy 20 (1):1 – 25.score: 30.0
    In the philosophy of Confucius, the concept _li_ is both central and elusive. While it is often translated 'ritual' or 'the rites,' I argue that there are numerous significant ways in which _li_ is as much an internal property of individuals as it is an external set of rules or norms. I discuss _li_ as deference, as developed dispositions, as embodied intelligence, and as personalized exemplary conduct. Finally, reflecting on the work of Fingarette, and Hall and Ames, as well as (...)
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  11. Mark V. Barrow Jr, Keith R. Benson, Paula Findlen, Michael Fortun, Shirley A. Roe & Joel B. Hagen (1991). The J.H.B. Bookshelf. Journal of the History of Biology 24 (2):339-351.score: 30.0
  12. Rebecca K. Jones, Edward S. Reed & Margaret A. Hagen (1980). A Three Point Perspective on Pictorial Representation: Wartofsky, Goodman and Gibson on Seeing Pictures. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 15 (1):55 - 64.score: 30.0
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  13. Manfred D. Laubichler, Edward H. Hagen & Peter Hammerstein (2005). The Strategy Concept and John Maynard Smith's Influence on Theoretical Biology. Biology and Philosophy 20 (5):1041-1050.score: 30.0
    Here we argue that the concept of strategies, as it was introduced into biology by John Maynard Smith, is a prime illustration of the four dimensions of theoretical biology in the post-genomic era. These four dimensions are: data analysis and management, mathematical and computational model building and simulation, concept formation and analysis, and theory integration. We argue that all four dimensions of theoretical biology are crucial to future interactions between theoretical and empirical biologists as well as with philosophers of biology.
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  14. William C. Summers, Joel B. Hagen, Mark V. Barrow Jr, Lynn Nyhart & M. Susan Lindee (1992). The J.H.B. Bookshelf. Journal of the History of Biology 25 (2):335-342.score: 30.0
  15. Kurtis George Hagen (2002). Confucian Constructivism: A Reconstruction and Application of the Philosophy of Xunzi. Dissertation, University of Hawai'iscore: 30.0
    In Part I, I offer a "constructivist" interpretation of Xunzi's philosophy. On the constructivist view, there is no privileged description of the world. Concepts, categories, and norms as social constructs help us effectively manage our way through the world, rather than reveal or express univocal knowledge of it. ;In the opening chapter, I argue that dao should be understood as open ended and that Xunzi's worldview allows for a plurality of legitimate daos---at least at the theoretical level. Chapter Two discusses (...)
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  16. Joel B. Hagen (1999). Naturalists, Molecular Biologists, and the Challenges of Molecular Evolution. Journal of the History of Biology 32 (2):321 - 341.score: 30.0
    Biologists and historians often present natural history and molecular biology as distinct, perhaps conflicting, fields in biological research. Such accounts, although supported by abundant evidence, overlook important areas of overlap between these areas. Focusing upon examples drawn particularly from systematics and molecular evolution, I argue that naturalists and molecular biologists often share questions, methods, and forms of explanation. Acknowledging these interdisciplinary efforts provides a more balanced account of the development of biology during the post-World War II era.
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  17. Fred Hagen & Ursula Mahlendorf (1963). Commitment, Concern and Memory in Goethe's Faust. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 21 (4):473-484.score: 30.0
  18. Edward H. Hagen (2004). Is Excessive Infant Crying an Honest Signal of Vigor, One Extreme of a Continuum, or a Strategy to Manipulate Parents? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):463-464.score: 30.0
    An evolutionary account of excessive crying in young infants – colic – has been elusive. A study of mothers with new infants suggests that more crying is associated with more negative emotions towards the infant, and perceptions of poorer infant health. These results undermine the hypothesis that excessive crying is an honest signal of vigor.
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  19. Joel B. Hagen (1989). Research Perspectives and the Anomalous Status of Modern Ecology. Biology and Philosophy 4 (4):433-455.score: 30.0
    Ecology has often been characterized as an immature scientific discipline. This paper explores some of the sources of this alleged immaturity. I argue that the perception of immaturity results primarily from the fact that historically ecologists have based their work upon two very different approaches to research.
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  20. Kurtis Hagen (2002). Xunzi's Use of Zhengming: Naming as a Constructive Project. Asian Philosophy 12 (1):35 – 51.score: 30.0
    This paper challenges the view of several interpreters of Xunzi regarding the status of names, ming. I will maintain that Xunzi's view is consistent with the activity we see not only in his own efforts to influence language, but those of Confucius as well. Based on a reconsideration of translations and interpretations of key passages, I will argue that names are regarded neither as mere labels nor as indicating a privileged taxonomy of the myriad phenomena. Rather, Xunzi conceives them as (...)
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  21. Edward H. Hagen, Paul J. Watson & Peter Hammerstein (2008). Gestures of Despair and Hope: A View on Deliberate Self-Harm From Economics and Evolutionary Biology. Biological Theory 3 (2):123-138.score: 30.0
    A long-standing theoretical tradition in clinical psychology and psychiatry sees deliberate self-harm , such as wrist-cutting, as “functional”—a means to avoid painful emotions, for example, or to elicit attention from others. There is substantial evidence that DSH serves these functions. Yet the specific links between self-harm and such functions remain obscure. Why don’t self-harmers use less destructive behaviors to blunt painful emotions or elicit attention? Economists and biologists have used game theory to show that, under certain circumstances, self-harmful behaviors by (...)
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  22. Kurtis Hagen (2005). Sorai and Xunzi on the Construction of the Way. Asian Philosophy 15 (2):117 – 141.score: 30.0
    While Sorai's intellectual debt to Xunzi is often mentioned, the similarities between their views have not often been explored at length in English2.2 Further, while Maruyama Masao does compare the two thinkers in his influential monograph Studies in the Intellectual History of Tokugawa Japan, he stresses (apparent) differences between Xunzi and Sorai, in order to hail Sorai's uniqueness. Without meaning to take anything away from Sorai as an independent thinker, I maintain that with regard to precisely those views for which (...)
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  23. Alexander W. Cappelen, Rune Jansen Hagen & and Bertil Tungodden (2007). National Responsibility and the Just Distribution of Debt Relief. Ethics and International Affairs 21 (1):69–83.score: 30.0
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  24. Steve Hagen (2012). Why the World Doesn't Seem to Make Sense: An Inquiry Into Science, Philosophy, and Perception. Sentient Publications.score: 30.0
    Nobody knows what's going on -- Belief -- Knowledge -- Contradiction -- Certitude -- At ease with inconceivability -- Chaos -- Consciousness -- Immediacy -- What matters -- Inertia -- Becoming -- Totality.
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  25. Edward H. Hagen, Response to Buller.score: 30.0
    Buller recently posted a critique of evolutionary psychology (reproduced below). Although I disagree with many of his assertions, this is the most credible attempt to critique evolutionary psychology that I have encountered. Buller’s arguments regarding improper motivational inferences from evolutionary psychological explanations are largely correct--such inferences are indeed erroneous. Furthermore, the mistakes he identifies have been made by some prominent evolutionists including, apparently, W. D. Hamilton (Symons, personal communication). However, most evolutionary psychologists are not saying what he claims they are (...)
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  26. Ole Hagen (1992). Survival Through the Allais Paradox. Theory and Decision 32 (2):209-217.score: 30.0
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  27. Kurtis Hagen (2001). Virtue, Nature, and Moral Agency in the Xunzi (Review). Philosophy East and West 51 (3):434-440.score: 30.0
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  28. H. Clark Barrett & E. Hagen, Perinatal Sadness Among Shuar Women: Support for an Evolutionary Theory of Psychic Pain.score: 30.0
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  29. kurtis hagen (2000). A Critical Review of Ivanhoe on Xunzi. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 27 (3):361–373.score: 30.0
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  30. Joel B. Hagen (2001). 1The Introduction of Computers Into Systematic Research in the United States During the 1960s. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 32 (2):291-314.score: 30.0
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  31. John Divers & Jason Hagen (2006). The Modal Fictionalist Predicament. In Fraser MacBride (ed.), Identity and Modality. Oxford University Press. 57.score: 30.0
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  32. Joel B. Hagen (1986). Ecologists and Taxonomists: Divergent Traditions in Twentieth-Century Plant Geography. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 19 (2):197 - 214.score: 30.0
    The distinction between taxonomic plant geography and ecological plant geography was never absolute: it would be historically inaccurate to portray them as totally divergent. Taxonomists occasionally borrowed ecological concepts, and ecologists never completely repudiated taxonomy. Indeed, some botanists pursued the two types of geographic study. The American taxonomist Henry Allan Gleason (1882–1975), for one, made noteworthy contributions to both. Most of Gleason's research appeared in short articles, however. He never published a major synthetic work comparable in scope or influence to (...)
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  33. Kurtis Hagen (2010). Is Infiltration of “Extremist Groups” Justified? International Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):153-168.score: 30.0
    Many intellectuals scoff at what they call “conspiracy theories.” But two Harvard law professors, Cass Sunstein (now working for the Obama administration) and Adrian Vermeule, go further. They argue in the Journal of Political Philosophy that groups that espouse such theories ought to be infiltrated and undermined by government agents and allies. While some may find this proposal appalling (as indeed we all should), others may find the argument plausible, especially if they have been swayed by the notion that conspiracy (...)
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  34. Peter L. Hagen (2001). The Ethics of Faculty-Student Friendships. Teaching Philosophy 24 (1):1-18.score: 30.0
    Friendship between professors and students have the potential for hurting those involved and can be hurtful to the larger society in which they occur. This paper examines what sort of boundary lines can be drawn for appropriate faculty-student relationships by considering three arguments against faculty-student friendships. After rejecting these arguments on the grounds that they rely upon a flawed conceptualization of friendship, the paper, drawing on William Rawlins’s theory of friendship, argues that faculty-student relationships are neither desirable nor undesirable per (...)
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  35. Kurtis Hagen (2007). A Response to Eric Hutton's Review. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 6 (4):441-443.score: 30.0
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  36. Kurtis Hagen (2001). The Concepts of Li and Lei in the Xunzi. International Philosophical Quarterly 41 (2):183-197.score: 30.0
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  37. Charles Hagen (1984). The ΈNEPΓIA-KINHΣIΣ Distinction and Aristotle's Conception of ΠPAΞIΣ. Journal of the History of Philosophy 22 (3):263-280.score: 30.0
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  38. Joel Hagen (2003). The Statistical Frame of Mind in Systematic Biology From "Quantitative Zoology to Biometry". Journal of the History of Biology 36 (2):353 - 384.score: 30.0
    The twentieth century witnessed a dramatic increase in the use of statistics by biologists, including systematists. The modern synthesis and new systematics stimulated this development, particularly after World War II. The rise of "the statistical frame of mind" resulted in a rethinking of the relationship between biological and mathematical points of view, the roles of objectivity and subjectivity in systematic research, the implications of new computing technologies, and the place of systematics among the biological disciplines.
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  39. Peter Hammerstein, Edward H. Hagen, Andreas V. M. Herz & Hanspeter Herzel (2006). Robustness: A Key to Evolutionary Design. Biological Theory 1 (1):90-93.score: 30.0
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  40. S. Sethi, Øivind Hagen & Siri Carson (2015). From Implicit to Explicit CSR in a Scandinavian Context: The Cases of HÅG and Hydro. Journal of Business Ethics 127 (1):17-31.score: 30.0
    The aim of this article is to explain the transition from implicit CSR to explicit CSR that has taken place in Scandinavia over the last two decades. Matten and Moon’s distinction between implicit and explicit CSR is the point of departure for the analysis, which is based on case studies of two Norwegian companies: HÅG and Hydro. On the basis of these case studies, we identify two forces that are pushing the transition from implicit to explicit CSR in Scandinavia: Organizational (...)
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  41. Kurtis Hagen (1996). A Chinese Critique on Western Ways of Warfare. Asian Philosophy 6 (3):207 – 217.score: 30.0
    Abstract I will argue that there are two pervasive and enduring Western attitudes towards warfare: one involves the romanticism of violent conflict, the other concerns moral justification for it. These stand in sharp contrast to the traditional Chinese attitude as put forward in the Chinese classic treatises on warfare, the Sun?tzu and Sun Pin. I will reference similar concerns articulated in the Taoist and, to a lesser extent, Confucian classics both to confirm and clarify this position. Using the combination of (...)
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  42. Joel B. Hagen (1984). Experimentalists and Naturalists in Twentieth-Century Botany: Experimental Taxonomy, 1920-1950. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 17 (2):249 - 270.score: 30.0
    Experimental taxonomy was a diverse area of research, and botanists who helped develop it were motivated by a variety of concerns. While experimental taxonomy was never totally a taxonomic enterprise, improvement in classification was certainly one major motivation behind the research. Hall's and Clements' belief that experimental methods added more objectivity to classification was almost universally accepted by experimental taxonomists. Such methods did add a new dimension to taxonomy — a dimension that field and herbarium studies, however rigorous, could not (...)
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  43. Joel B. Hagen (2012). Five Kingdoms, More or Less: Robert Whittaker and the Broad Classification of Organisms. BioScience 62 (1):67-74.score: 30.0
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  44. Joel B. Hagen (2013). Roots of Ecology: Antiquity to Haeckel. BioScience 63 (4):305-306.score: 30.0
  45. Joel B. Hagen (2010). Waiting for Sequences: Morris Goodman, Immunodiffusion Experiments, and the Origins of Molecular Anthropology. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 43 (4):697 - 725.score: 30.0
    During the early 1960s, Morris Goodman used a variety of immunological tests to demonstrate the very close genetic relationships among humans, chimpanzees, and gorillas. Molecular anthropologists often point to this early research as a critical step in establishing their new specialty. Based on his molecular results, Goodman challenged the widely accepted taxonomie classification that separated humans from chimpanzees and gorillas in two separate families. His claim that chimpanzees and gorillas should join humans in family Hominidae sparked a well-known conflict with (...)
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  46. Joel B. Hagen (2010). A Guinea Pig's History of Biology. BioScience 60 (5):389-390.score: 30.0
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  47. Kurtis Hagen (2012). Conspiracy Theories and Stylized Facts. Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 21 (2):3-22.score: 30.0
    In an article published in the Journal of Political Philosophy, Cass Sunstein and Adrian Vermeule argue that the government and its allies ought to activelyundermine groups that espouse conspiracy theories deemed “demonstrably false.” They propose infiltrating such groups in order to “cure” conspiracy theorists by treating their “crippled epistemology” with “cognitive diversity.” They base their proposal on an analysis of the “causes” of such conspiracy theories, which emphasizes informational and reputational cascades. Some may regard their proposal as outrageous and anti-democratic. (...)
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  48. Kristin Hagen (2011). Der Mensch, Das Tier. Philosophische Rundschau 58 (2):139 - 157.score: 30.0
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  49. Edward H. Hagen & Gregory A. Bryant (2003). Music and Dance as a Coalition Signaling System. Human Nature 14 (1):21-51.score: 30.0
    Evidence suggests that humans might have neurological specializations for music processing, but a compelling adaptationist account of music and dance is lacking. The sexual selection hypothesis cannot easily account for the widespread performance of music and dance in groups (especially synchronized performances), and the social bonding hypothesis has severe theoretical difficulties. Humans are unique among the primates in their ability to form cooperative alliances between groups in the absence of consanguineal ties. We propose that this unique form of social organization (...)
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  50. Joel B. Hagen (2013). The Multiple Origins of Ecology. BioScience 63 (4).score: 30.0
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