Search results for 'Hani Tamim' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  25
    Hani Tamim, Amr Jamal, Huda Al Shamsi, Abdulla Al Sayyari & Fayez Hejaili (2010). Professional Boundary Ethics Attitudes and Awareness Among Nurses and Physicians in a University Hospital in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Ethics and Behavior 20 (1):21-32.
    This study sought to gauge ethical attitudes about professional boundary issues of physicians and nurses in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Respondents scored 10 relevant boundary vignettes as to their ethical acceptability. The group as a whole proved “aware/ ethically conservative,” but with the physicians' score falling on the “less ethically conservative” part of the spectrum compared to nurses. The degree of ethicality was more related to profession than to gender, with nurses being more “ethical” than physicians.
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  2.  23
    Hani Tamim, Amr Jamal, Huda Al Shamsi, Abdulla Al Sayyari & Fayez Hejaili (2010). Professional Boundary Ethics Attitudes and Awareness Among Nurses and Physicians in a University Hospital in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Ethics and Behavior 20 (1):21-32.
    This study sought to gauge ethical attitudes about professional boundary issues of physicians and nurses in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Respondents scored 10 relevant boundary vignettes as to their ethical acceptability. The group as a whole proved “aware/ ethically conservative,” but with the physicians' score falling on the “less ethically conservative” part of the spectrum compared to nurses. The degree of ethicality was more related to profession than to gender, with nurses being more “ethical” than physicians.
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  3.  1
    Frederick E. Brenk, Plutarch, J. Defradas, J. Hani & R. Klaerr (1987). Oeuvres Morales. Tome Ii. Consolation a Apollonios, Preceptes de Sante, Preceptes de Mariage, Le Banquet des Sept Sages, De la Superstition. Journal of Hellenic Studies 107:206.
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  4.  1
    Abdallah Ahmed Gunaid, Nuria Ali Hummad & Khaled Abdallah Tamim (2004). Consanguineous Marriage in the Capital City Sana'a, Yemen. Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (1):111-122.
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  5. Charbel El Hani & João Queiroz (2005). Downward Determination. Abstracta – Linguagem, Mente E Ação 1 (2):162-192.
    The problem of downward causation – i.e., the problem of the nature of the influence of a system or whole over its components – is highly debated in the literature on property emergence. Nevertheless, most treatments of downward causation do not really refer to causation at all, but rather to explanation and/or determination, as Menno Hulswit recently argued. In this context, it is quite important to search for an understanding of how the roles usually ascribed to systems relatively to their (...)
     
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  6. Motoko Hani (1932). Leaflets. [Tokyo, Jiyu Gakuen].
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  7. Teresa Garulo Muñoz (2012). Erudición y nostalgia. Al-Hani-n ilà l-awta-n en el editor de al-Faray^ ba, d al- idda de al-Tanu-ji. Al-Qantara: Revista de Estudios Árabes 33 (1):107 - 146.
    Uno de los temas clásicos de la literatura árabe, casi desde sus comienzos, es la nostalgia de la tierra natal (al-hani-n ilà l-awta-n). Experiencia dolorosa de extrañamiento, que se nutre de las crisis políticas, la nostalgia ha dado lugar a obras que buscan recrear un pasado o unos lugares amados, que sólo la memoria es capaz de recuperar. En este artículo trato de mostrar cómo se articula la nostalgia de Iraq, y, más concretamente, de Bagdad, dentro del aparato crítico (...)
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  8. P. Bouchery (1996). The Relationship Between Society and Nature Among the Hani People of China. Diogenes 44 (174):99-116.
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  9. A. El-Affendi (2009). The Umma and the Dawla: The Nation State and the Arab Middle East * By TAMIM AL-BARGHOUTI. Journal of Islamic Studies 20 (3):434-436.
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  10. Nei Freitas Nunes Neto & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Gaia, teleologia E função. Episteme 11 (23):15-48.
    Neste artigo, discutimos o papel das explicações teleológicas na teoriaGaia. Mostramos que seu principal proponente, James Lovelock, pretendeevitá-las devido a uma interpretação equivocada da natureza de taisexplicações. Na tentativa de evitar compromissos com a teleologia,Lovelock recorre ao conceito de propriedades emergentes. Esta não é,contudo, uma saída consistente, porque os conceitos de propriedadesemergentes e teleologia não são mutuamente excludentes. Discutimostambém as dificuldades de uma interpretação de Gaia de uma perspectivateleonômica, considerando problemas como o da noção de superorganismo.Para avaliar o estatuto das (...)
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  11.  70
    Argyris Arnellos, Luis Emilio Bruni, Charbel Niño El-Hani & John Collier (2012). Anticipatory Functions, Digital-Analog Forms and Biosemiotics: Integrating the Tools to Model Information and Normativity in Autonomous Biological Agents. Biosemiotics 5 (3):331-367.
    We argue that living systems process information such that functionality emerges in them on a continuous basis. We then provide a framework that can explain and model the normativity of biological functionality. In addition we offer an explanation of the anticipatory nature of functionality within our overall approach. We adopt a Peircean approach to Biosemiotics, and a dynamical approach to Digital-Analog relations and to the interplay between different levels of functionality in autonomous systems, taking an integrative approach. We then apply (...)
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  12.  23
    Kathleen Garrison, Scheinost A., Worhunsky Dustin, D. Patrick, Hani Elwafi, Thornhill M., A. Thomas, Evan Thompson, Clifford Saron, Gaëlle Desbordes, Hedy Kober, Michelle Hampson, Jeremy Gray, Constable R., Papademetris R. Todd & Brewer Xenophon (2013). Real-Time fMRI Links Subjective Experience with Brain Activity During Focused Attention. NeuroImage 81:110--118.
  13.  2
    Abdallah Ahmed Gunaid, Nuria Ali Hummad & Khaled Abdallah Tamim (2004). Consanguineous Marriage in the Capital City Sana'a, Yemen. Journal of Biosocial Science 36 (1):111-121.
    Consanguineous marriage is traditionally common throughout the Eastern Mediterranean region, especially in the mainly Muslim countries. To date, there is little information on consanguinity in Yemen. The aim of this study was to ascertain the rate of consanguineous marriage and average coefficient of inbreeding in Sanaa City by means of a multi-stage random sampling technique. A total of 1050 wives and husbands were interviewed on consanguinity in their households. The total incidence of consanguinity was 44·7% (95% CI 41·7–47·7%) with first-cousin (...)
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  14. Claus Emmeche, Defining Life, Explaining Emergence.
    Bibliographical Note Abstract Explaining things - introductory remarks General attitudes and the standard view Requirements for a definition Life as the natural selection of replicators Life as an autopoietic system Life as a semiotic phenomenon Downward causation Implicitly well-defined general objects Emergence as explanatory strategy: the observer reappears Concluding remarks Acknowledgements Notes References Bibliographical note: Earlier versions of this paper were presented at the Princeton History of Science Workshop on "Growing Explanations", Princeton University, February 15, 1997; and at the meeting (...)
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  15.  15
    Nei Nunes-Neto, Alvaro Moreno & Charbel N. El-Hani (2014). Function in Ecology: An Organizational Approach. Biology and Philosophy 29 (1):123-141.
    Functional language is ubiquitous in ecology, mainly in the researches about biodiversity and ecosystem function. However, it has not been adequately investigated by ecologists or philosophers of ecology. In the contemporary philosophy of ecology we can recognize a kind of implicit consensus about this issue: while the etiological approaches cannot offer a good concept of function in ecology, Cummins’ systemic approach can. Here we propose to go beyond this implicit consensus, because we think these approaches are not adequate for ecology. (...)
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  16.  99
    Paulo Abrantes & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2009). Gould, Hull, and the Individuation of Scientific Theories. Foundations of Science 14 (4):295-313.
    When is conceptual change so significant that we should talk about a new theory, not a new version of the same theory? We address this problem here, starting from Gould’s discussion of the individuation of the Darwinian theory. He locates his position between two extremes: ‘minimalist’—a theory should be individuated merely by its insertion in a historical lineage—and ‘maximalist’—exhaustive lists of necessary and sufficient conditions are required for individuation. He imputes the minimalist position to Hull and attempts a reductio : (...)
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  17.  10
    Charbel N. El-Hani, João Queiroz & Frederik Stjernfelt (2010). Firefly Femmes Fatales: A Case Study in the Semiotics of Deception. [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 3 (1):33-55.
    Mimicry and deception are two important issues in studies about animal communication. The reliability of animal signs and the problem of the benefits of deceiving in sign exchanges are interesting topics in the evolution of communication. In this paper, we intend to contribute to an understanding of deception by studying the case of aggressive signal mimicry in fireflies, investigated by James Lloyd. Firefly femmes fatales are specialized in mimicking the mating signals of other species of fireflies with the purpose of (...)
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  18.  34
    Charbel Niño El-Hani (2010). Emergence and Downward Causation. Principia 6 (1):1-4.
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  19.  6
    Juanma Sánchez-Arteaga, Davide Rasella, Laia Ventura Garcia & Charbel El-Hani (2015). Otherness, Human Biology, and Biomedicine. Scientiae Studia 13 (3):615-641.
    RESUMOO presente artigo analisa processos de alterização na biologia humana e na biomedicina. A alterização é entendida aqui como o processo cultural de produção de alteridades por meio da delimitação, rotulação e categorização das formas possíveis de ser outro, desde um determinado marco de referência sócio-histórico. Ainda que a alterização faça parte de qualquer processo de delimitação de categorias de identidade no seio de uma cultura - e, nesse sentido, possa apresentar visões do outro tanto positivas quanto negativas -, aqui (...)
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  20.  5
    Waleed Al-Herz, Hani Haider, Mahmoud Al-Bahhar & Adnan Sadeq (2014). Honorary Authorship in Biomedical Journals: How Common is It and Why Does It Exist? Journal of Medical Ethics 40 (5):346-348.
    Background The number of coauthors in the medical literature has increased over the past 50 years as authorship continues to have important academic, social and financial implications.Aim and method The study aim was to determine the prevalence of honorary authorship in biomedical publications and identify the factors that lead to its existence. An email with a survey link was sent anonymously to 9283 corresponding authors of PubMed articles published within 1 year of contact.Results A completed survey was obtained from 1246 (...)
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  21.  16
    Charbel Niño Ei-Hani & Antonio Augusto Passos Videira (2001). Causação descendente, emergência de propriedades e modos causais aristotélicos (Downward Causation, Property Emergence, and Aristotelian Causal Modes). Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 16 (2):301-329.
    O problema da causação descendente é um ponto central na formulação do fisicalismo não-redutivo e na compreensão da emergência de propriedades. Duas interpretações possíveis da causação descendente, nas quais a contribuição do pensamento aristotélico é importante, são examinadas. Os requisitos do programa de matematização da natureza na mecanica clássica, que levaram ao abandono de três dos modos causais aristotélicos, nao parecem igualmente importantes nas ciencias especiais. Isto sugere que a contribuição de Aristóteles pode ser, de certa maneira, retomada. Uma definição (...)
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  22.  41
    Joao Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Semiosis as an Emergent Process. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (1):78-116.
    : In this paper, we intend to discuss if and in what sense semiosis (meaning process, cf. C. S. Peirce) can be regarded as an "emergent" process in semiotic systems. It is not our problem here to answer when or how semiosis emerged in nature. As a prerequisite for the very formulation of these problems, we are rather interested in discussing the conditions which should be fulfilled for semiosis to be characterized as an emergent process. The first step in this (...)
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  23.  42
    Antônio Gomes, Ricardo Gudwin, Charbel Niño El-Hani & João Queiroz (2007). Towards the Emergence of Meaning Processes in Computers From Peircean Semiotics. Mind and Society 6 (2):173-187.
    In this work, we propose a computational approach to the triadic model of Peircean semiosis (meaning processes). We investigate theoretical constraints about the feasibility of simulated semiosis. These constraints, which are basic requirements for the simulation of semiosis, refer to the synthesis of irreducible triadic relations (Sign–Object–Interpretant). We examine the internal organization of the triad S–O–I, that is, the relative position of its elements and how they relate to each other. We also suggest a multi-level approach based on self-organization principles. (...)
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  24.  5
    Charbel Nino El-Hani (2002). On the Reality of Emergents. Principia 6 (1):51-87.
    The controversy over the notion of emergence has recently re-emerged But a rigorous debate concerning how it might be explained or defined is often lacking Emergence is discussed here under two strict conditions (l) emergents can be predictable from the knowledge about a system's parts, (ll) emergents can be regarded as dependent on, and deternuned by, the system's micro-structure O'Connor's definmon of an emergent property is taken as a starting-point for a new definmon, incorporating Emmeche and colleagues' analysis of dounward (...)
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  25.  5
    Charbel Niño El-Hani & Sami Pihlström (2002). Emergence Theories and Pragmatic Realism. Essays in Philosophy 3 (2):3.
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  26.  3
    Nei Freitas Nunes-Neto, RicarDo Santos do Carmo & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2013). O conceito de função na ecologia contempor'nea. Revista de Filosofia Aurora 25 (423):43.
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  27.  28
    João Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Towards a Multi-Level Approach to the Emergence of Meaning Processes in Living Systems. Acta Biotheoretica 54 (3):179-206.
    Any description of the emergence and evolution of different types of meaning processes (semiosis, sensu C.S.Peirce) in living systems must be supported by a theoretical framework which makes it possible to understand the nature and dynamics of such processes. Here we propose that the emergence of semiosis of different kinds can be understood as resulting from fundamental interactions in a triadically-organized hierarchical process. To grasp these interactions, we develop a model grounded on Stanley Salthe's hierarchical structuralism. This model can be (...)
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  28.  4
    Joao Queiroz & Charbel Nino El-Hani (2006). Semiosis as an Emergent Process. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (1):78-116.
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  29.  50
    Angelo Loula, Ricardo Gudwin, Charbel El-Hani & João Queiroz, The Emergence of Symbol-Based Communication in a Complex System of Artificial Creatures.
    We present here a digital scenario to simulate the emergence of self-organized symbol-based communication among artificial creatures inhabiting a virtual world of predatory events. In order to design the environment and creatures, we seek theoretical and empirical constraints from C.S.Peirce Semiotics and an ethological case study of communication among animals. Our results show that the creatures, assuming the role of sign users and learners, behave collectively as a complex system, where self-organization of communicative interactions plays a major role in the (...)
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  30.  41
    Hani Ofek-Ghendler (2009). Globalization and Social Justice: The Right to Minimum Wage. Law and Ethics of Human Rights 3 (2):267-300.
    The weakening of mechanisms for international cooperation within the context of the right to minimum wage can be explained by the increasing power of new players, the transnational corporations on the one hand, and the waning of the power of the state, on the other hand. These processes of globalization produce various challenges to the modern welfare state, such as the ability to attain minimum wage. This right is vital particularly to weakened workers that would otherwise be remunerated at a (...)
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  31.  28
    Charbel Niño Ei-Hani & Antonio Augusto Passos Videira (2001). Causação Descendente, Emergência de Propriedades E Modos Causais Aristotélicos (Downward Causation, Property Emergence, and Aristotelian Causal Modes). Theoria 16 (2):301-329.
    O problema da causação descendente é um ponto central na formulação do fisicalismo não-redutivo e na compreensão da emergência de propriedades. Duas interpretações possíveis da causação descendente, nas quais a contribuição do pensamento aristotélico é importante, são examinadas. Os requisitos do programa de matematização da natureza na mecanica clássica, que levaram ao abandono de três dos modos causais aristotélicos, nao parecem igualmente importantes nas ciencias especiais. Isto sugere que a contribuição de Aristóteles pode ser, de certa maneira, retomada. Uma definição (...)
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  32.  11
    Charbel Niño El-Hani (2005). Downward Determination. Abstracta 1 (2):162-192.
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  33.  6
    Leyla Mariane Joaquim & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2010). A genética em transformação: crise e revisão do conceito de gene. Scientiae Studia 8 (1):93-128.
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  34.  12
    Ana Maria Rocha de Almeida & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2010). Um exame histórico-filosófico da biologia evolutiva do desenvolvimento. Scientiae Studia 8 (1):9-10.
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  35.  7
    Charbel N. El-Hani, Ana Maria R. de Alameida, Gilberto C. Bomfim, Leyla M. Joaquim, João Carlos M. Magalhães, Lia M. N. Meyer, Maiana A. Pitombo & Vanessa C. dos Santos (2014). The Contribution of History and Philosophy to the Problem of Hybrid Views About Genes in Genetics Teaching. In Michael R. Matthews (ed.), International Handbook of Research in History, Philosophy and Science Teaching. Springer 469-520.
    Currently there are persistent doubts about the meaning and contributions of the gene concept, mostly related to its interpretation as a stretch of DNA encoding a single functional product, i.e., the classical molecular gene concept. There is, however, much conceptual variation around genes, leading to important difficulties in genetics teaching. We investigated whether and how conceptual variation related to the gene concept and gene function models is present in school science and what potential problems it may bring to genetics teaching (...)
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  36. Charbel Nino El-Hani & Antonio Marcos Pereira (2000). Higher-Level Descriptions: Why Should We Preserve Them. In P. B. Andersen, Claus Emmeche, N. O. Finnemann & P. V. Christiansen (eds.), Downward Causation. University of Aarhus Press
     
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  37.  5
    Charbel Niño El-Hani & João Queiroz (2005). Modes of Irreductibility of Emergent Properties. Scientiae Studia 3 (1):9-41.
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  38. Charbel Niño El-Hani & Antonio Marcos Pereira (1999). Understanding Biological Causation. In V. Harcastle (ed.), Where Biology Meets Psychology.
     
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  39.  4
    Charbel Niño El-Hani (2008). A Peircean Approach to 'Information' and its Relationship with Bateson's and Jablonka's Ideas. American Journal of Semiotics 24 (1/3):75-94.
    The Peircean semiotic approach to information that we developed in previous papers raises several new questions, and shows both similarities and differenceswith regard to other accounts of information. We do not intend to present here any exhaustive discussion about the relationships between our account and otherapproaches to information. Rather, our interest is mainly to address its relationship to ideas about information put forward by Gregory Bateson and Eva Jablonka. We conclude that all these authors offer quite broad concepts of information, (...)
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  40.  13
    Hani Nasri (1986). The “Mystic” and Society According to Ibn Bajjah and Ibn Tufayl. International Philosophical Quarterly 26 (3):223-227.
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  41. Nei Freitas Nunes Neto & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Gaia, teleologia e função. Episteme 11 (23):15-48.
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  42.  6
    Charbel El-Hani & Sami Pihlström (2005). A Pragmatic Realist View of Emergence. Manuscrito 25 (3):105-154.
    This paper examines the notion of emergence from the perspective of pragmatism, drawing special attention to Donald Davidson’s recent account of the emergence of thought and to Hilary Putnam’s pragmatic realism, which, we argue, can be applied to the question of the reality of emergent properties. Our overall conclusion is that the debate over the concept of emergence actively going on in contemporary metaphysics, philosophy of mind, and philosophy of science should be focused more strongly on the realism issue, even (...)
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  43.  3
    Nei Freitas Nunes-Neto & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2009). O que é função? Debates na filosofia da biologia contemporânea. Scientiae Studia 7 (3):353-401.
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  44.  3
    Charbel Niño El-Hani & João Queiroz (2005). Modos de irredutibilidade das propriedades emergentes. Scientiae Studia 3 (1):9-41.
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  45. Joao Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2007). La emergencia de significado en sistemas semióticos. Revista de filosofía (Chile) 56 (2):47-65.
    Cualquier descripción de la emergencia de significado en sistemas biológicos y artificiales debe apoyarse en un marco teórico que haga posible entender la naturaleza y la dinámica de tales procesos. En este artículo se toma la filosofía pragmática del signo de Charles S. Peirce, que asociamos aquí con el estructuralismo jerárquico de Stanley Salthe, como la base correcta para desarrollar ese marco conceptual. Se formulan algunas preguntas que consideramos fundamentales para asegurar una aplicación precisa de la noción de emergencia en (...)
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  46. Mohammed D. Cherkaoui, Hani Albasoos, Albena Azmanova, Brian Calfano, John Entelis, Azza Karam, Richard Rubenstein, Solon Simmons & Radwan Ziadeh (2016). What is Enlightenment?: Continuity or Rupture in the Wake of the Arab Uprisings. Lexington Books.
    This volume examines whether the Arab Uprisings introduce a replica of the European Enlightenment or rather stimulate an Arab/Islamic Awakening with its own cultural specificity and political philosophy. By placing Immanuel Kant in Tahrir Square, Cairo, this book adopts a comparative analysis of two enlightenment projects: one Arab, still under construction, with possible progression toward modernity or regression toward neo-authoritarianism, and one European, shaped by the past two centuries.
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  47. Ana Maria Rocha de Almeida & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Darwinismo neural: Uma extensão metafórica da teoria da seleção natural. Episteme 11 (24):335-356.
    O Darwinismo Neural explica o funcionamento do sistema nervosocentral com base em um processo de seleção populacional de gruposneuronais. Três características são compartilhadas entre DN e a teoria daseleção natural: repertórios variados de elementos, cuja fonte de variaçãonão está causalmente relacionada a eventos subseqüentes; interaçãocom o ambiente, permitindo a seleção de variantes favorecidas; e reprodução diferencial e herança de características das variantes.Interpretado como uma forma de epistemologia evolucionista, DN podeser incluído no programa da epistemologia evolucionista de mecanismos, como entendido por (...)
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  48. Charbel El-Hani (2002). An Introduction to a Special Number of Principia. Principia: Revista Internacional de Epistemologia 6 (1):1-311.
     
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  49. Charbel El-Hani, Alice Wong, Ross Nehm & Kostas Kampourakis (2015). Peer Review and Darwinian Selection. Science and Education 24 (9 - 10):1055-1057.
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  50. Carlos Eduardo de Sousa Lyra, Gabriel José Corrêa Mograbi & Charbel N. El-Hani (2015). Fundamentos neurobiológicos da consciência e a teoria do campo unificado: uma análise filosófica. Veritas 60 (2):287-312.
    No presente artigo, analisamos as abordagens de António Damásio e Gerald Edelman sobre a consciência e fazemos um paralelo com as teses apresentadas pelo filósofo John Searle. Recorremos também às críticas dos filósofos Bennett e Hacker como pedras de toque da viabilidade de algumas teses. Desse modo, apresentamos uma revisão sistemática da obra de Damásio, Edelman e Searle, a fim de promover um diálogo produtivo entre as ideias defendidas por estes autores, os quais, segundo nossa interpretação, assumem uma teoria do (...)
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