83 found
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  1. Hans-Jorg Rheinberger (1997). Toward a History of Epistemic Things: Synthesizing Proteins in the Test Tube. Stanford University Press.
    In this powerful work of conceptual and analytical originality, the author argues for the primacy of the material arrangements of the laboratory in the dynamics of modern molecular biology. In a post-Kuhnian move away from the hegemony of theory, he develops a new epistemology of experimentation in which research is treated as a process for producing epistemic things. A central concern of the book is the basic question of how novelty is generated in the empirical sciences. In addressing this question, (...)
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  2.  56
    Peter J. Beurton, Raphael Falk & Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (eds.) (2000). The Concept of the Gene in Development and Evolution: Historical and Epistemological Perspectives. Cambridge University Press.
    Advances in molecular biological research in the last forty years have made the story of the gene vastly complicated: the more we learn about genes, the less sure we are of what a gene really is. Knowledge about the structure and functioning of genes abounds, but the gene has also become curiously intangible. This collection of essays renews the question: what are genes? Philosophers, historians, and working scientists re-evaluate the question in this volume, treating the gene as a focal point (...)
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  3.  31
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2010). On Historicizing Epistemology: An Essay. Stanford University Press.
  4.  69
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (1995). From Microsomes to Ribosomes: "Strategies" of "Representation". [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 28 (1):49 - 89.
  5.  16
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, Gene. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  6.  61
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (1996). Comparing Experimental Systems: Protein Synthesis in Microbes and in Animal Tissue at Cambridge (Ernest F. Gale) and at the Massachusetts General Hospital (Paul C. Zamecnik), 1945-1960. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 29 (3):387 - 416.
  7.  44
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2005). A Reply to David Bloor: "Toward a Sociology of Epistemic Things". Perspectives on Science 13 (3):406-410.
  8.  97
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2005). Gaston Bachelard and the Notion of "Phenomenotechnique". Perspectives on Science 13 (3):313-328.
    : The paper aims at an analysis of the oeuvre of the French historian of science and epistemologist Gaston Bachelard (1884–1962). Bachelard was the founder of a tradition of French thinking about science that extended from Jean Cavaillès over Georges Canguilhem to Michel Foucault. In the past, he has become best known and criticized for his postulation of an epistemological rupture between everyday experience and scientific experience. In my analysis, I emphasize another aspect of the work of Bachelard. It is (...)
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  9.  44
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (1992). Experiment, Difference, and Writing: I. Tracing Protein Synthesis. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 23 (2):305-331.
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  10.  89
    Hans-Jorg Rheinberger (1997). Experimental Complexity in Biology: Some Epistemological and Historical Remarks. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):254.
    My paper draws on examples from molecular biology, the details of which I have developed elsewhere (Rheinberger 1992, 1993, 1995, 1997). Here, I can give only a brief outline of my argument. Reduction of complexity is a prerequisite for experimental research. To make sense of the universe of living beings, the modern biologist is bound to divide his world into fragments in which parameters can be defined, quantities measured, qualities identified. Such is the nature of any "experimental system." Ontic complexity (...)
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  11.  26
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2009). Recent Science and its Exploration: The Case of Molecular Biology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (1):6-12.
    This paper is about the interaction and the intertwinement between history of science as a historical process and history of science as the historiography of this process, taking molecular biology as an example. In the first part, two historical shifts are briefly characterized that appear to have punctuated the emergence of molecular biology between the 1930s and the 1980s, one connected to a new generation of analytical apparatus, the other to properly molecular tools. The second part concentrates on the historiography (...)
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  12.  10
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2000). Ephestia: The Experimental Design of Alfred Kühn's Physiological Developmental Genetics. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 33 (3):535-576.
    Much of the early history of developmental and physiological genetics in Germany remains to be written. Together with Carl Correns and Richard Goldschmidt, Alfred Kühn occupies a special place in this history. Trained as a zoologist in Freiburg im Breisgau, he set out to integrate physiology, development and genetics in a particular experimental system based on the flour moth Ephestia kühniella Zeller. This paper is meant to reconstruct the crucial steps in the experimental pathway that led Kühn and his collaborators (...)
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  13.  8
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (1986). Aspekte des Bedeutungswandels im Begriff organismischer Ähnlichkeit vom 18. zum 19. Jahrhundert. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 8 (2):237 - 250.
    The concept of similarity plays a crucial role in biology, especially in natural history. Despite its apparent familiarity it has been subject again and again to reinterpretations — it may even be stated that the main streams of theoretical thinking in the life sciences are reflected and condensed in its ever changing meaning. The changing content of the concept is analyzed from Linnaean systematics through classical morphology and comparative anatomy to Darwinian evolutionary thinking. It appears that the meaning of similarity (...)
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  14.  7
    Soraya de Chadarevian & Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2009). Introduction. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 40 (1):4-5.
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  15.  10
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (1993). Experiment and Orientation: Early Systems of in Vitro Protein Synthesis. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 26 (3):443 - 471.
    The living world is one of complexity, the result of innumerable interactions among organisms, cells, molecules. In analyzing a problem, the biologist is constrained to focus on a fragment of reality, on a piece of the universe which he arbitrarily isolates to define certain of its parameters.In biology, any study thus begins with the choice of a “system.” On this choice depend the experimenter's freedom to maneuver, the nature of the questions he is free to ask, and even, often, the (...)
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  16.  4
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (1995). Beyond Nature and Culture: A Note on Medicine in the Age of Molecular Biology. Science in Context 8 (1).
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  17.  41
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2012). A Plea for a Historical Epistemology of Research. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 43 (1):105-111.
    The paper approaches the topic of what a general philosophy of science could mean today from the perspective of a historical epistemology. Consequently, in a first step, the paper looks at the notion of generality in the sciences, and how it evolved over time, on the example of the life sciences. In the second part of the paper, the urgency of a general philosophy of science is located in the history of philosophy of science. Two attempts at the beginning of (...)
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  18.  49
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2011). Integrating Pragmatism and Phenomenology with Science and Technology Studies. Metascience 20 (3):557-559.
    Integrating pragmatism and phenomenology with science and technology studies Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9484-2 Authors Hans -Jörg Rheinberger, Max Planck Institute for the History of Science, Boltzmannstraße 22, 14195 Berlin, Germany Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  19.  16
    Manfred D. Laubichler & Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2006). August Weismann and Theoretical Biology. Biological Theory 1 (2):195-198.
  20.  10
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2001). History of Science and the Practices of Experiment. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 23 (1):51 - 63.
  21. Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2010). An Epistemology of the Concrete: Twentieth-Century Histories of Life. Duke University Press.
    Ludwik Fleck, Edmund Husserl : on the historicity of scientific knowledge -- Gaston Bachelard : the concept of "phenomenotechnique" -- Georges Canguilhem : epistemological history -- Pisum : Carl Correns's experiments on Xenia, 1896-99 -- Eudorina : Max Hartmann's experiments on biological regulation in protozoa, 1914-21 -- Ephestia : Alfred Kähn's experimental design for a developmental physiological -- Genetics, 1924-45 -- Tobacco mosaic virus : virus research at the Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes for Biochemistry and Biology, 1937-45 -- The concept of (...)
     
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  22. Staffan Müller-Wille & Hans-jörg Rheinberger (2008). Heredity Produced: At the Crossroads of Biology, Politics, and Culture, 1500–1870. Journal of the History of Biology 41 (3):582-585.
     
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  23. Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2009). Sichtbar machen–Visualisierung in den Naturwissenschaften. In Klaus Sachs-Hombach (ed.), Bildtheorien: Anthropologische Und Kulturelle Grundlagen des Visualistic Turn. Suhrkamp 127--145.
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  24.  31
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (1994). Representation in Scientific Practice. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (4):647-654.
    The essays in this book provide an excellent introduction to the means by which scientists convey their ideas. While diverse in their subject matter, the essays are unified in asserting that scientists compose and use particular representations in contextually organized and contextually sensitive ways, and that these representations - particularly visual displays such as graphs, diagrams, photographs, and drawings - depend for their meaning on the complex activities in which they are situated.The topics include sociological orientations to representational practice, representation (...)
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  25.  17
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (1992). Experiment, Difference, and Writing: II. The Laboratory Production of Transfer RNA. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 23 (3):389-422.
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  26.  11
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (1990). Buffon: Zeit, Veränderung und Geschichte. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 12 (2):203 - 223.
    There is a longstanding and ongoing controversy about whether Buffon is to be regarded as a forerunner of evolutionism in the eighteenth century, or even as one of the founders of transformistic biology. There are good reasons to deny this claim. There are good reasons even to deny that the question which is going to be answered negatively is of particular importance. The present paper addresses the issue from a different angle. It analyzes the concept of time operative in the (...)
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  27.  8
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2008). Heredity and its Entities Around 1900. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (3):370-374.
    This paper aims to give an impression of how biologists, at the turn of the twentieth century, came to conceptualize and define the hidden entities presumed to govern the process of hereditary transmission. With that, the stage was set for the emergence of genetics as a biological discipline that came to dominate the life sciences of the twentieth century. The annus mirabilis of 1900, with its triple re-appreciation of Gregor Mendel’s work by the botanists Hugo de Vries, Carl Correns, and (...)
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  28. Hans-jÖrg Rheinberger (1994). Experimentalsysteme, Epistemische Dinge, Experimentalkulturen Zu einer Epistemologie des Experiments. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 42 (3):405-418.
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  29. Michael Hagner, Hans-Jörg Rheinberger & Bettina Wahrig-Schmidt (1994). Objekte - Differenzen - Konjunkturen: Experimentalsysteme Im Historischen Kontext. Akademie Verlag.
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  30. Hans-Jorg Rheinberger, Michael Hagner & Nicolaas Rupke (1995). Die Experimentalisierung des Lebens. Experimentalsysteme in den biologischen Wissenschaften 1850/1950. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 17 (2):337.
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  31. Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2009). Recent Science and its Exploration: The Case of Molecular Biology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 40 (1):6-12.
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  32.  4
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2011). Genesis of Knowledge Spaces and Objects of Knowledge1. In Guenther Abel & James Conant (eds.), Rethinking Epistemology. De Gruyter 1--287.
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  33.  2
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (1997). Cytoplasmic Particles in Brussels (Jean Brachet, Hubert Chantrenne, Raymond Jeener) and at Rockefeller (Albert Claude), 1935-1955. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 19 (1):47 - 67.
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  34.  7
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger & Peter McLaughlin (1984). Darwin's Experimental Natural History. Journal of the History of Biology 17 (3):345 - 368.
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  35.  5
    Hans-jörg Rheinberger (2011). Consistency From the Perspective Ofan Experimental Systems Approach Tothe Sciences and Their Epistemic Objects. Manuscrito 34 (1):307-321.
    It is generally accepted that the development of the modern sciences is rooted in experiment. Yet for a long time, experimentation did not occupy a prominent role, neither in philosophy nor in history of science. With the ‘practical turn’ in studying the sciences and their history, this has begun to change. This paper is concerned with systems and cultures of experimentation and the consistencies that are generated within such systems and cultures. The first part of the paper exposes the forms (...)
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  36.  2
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2000). Invisible Architectures. Science in Context 13 (1):121.
  37.  3
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (1993). Experiment und Orientierung: Frühe Systeme der in vitro Proteinbiosynthese. NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 1 (1):237-253.
    The history of what we call molecular biology today is not just the story of DNA. Molecular biology emerged from and was supported by a multiplicity of widely scattered, differently embedded, and loosely, if at all connected experimental systems for characterizing living beings to the level of biologically relevant macromolecules. By implementing different modes of technical analysis, these systems created a new space of representation in which the central concepts of molecular biology gradually became articulated. The paper describes the establishment (...)
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  38.  5
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (1994). Representation in Scientific Practice: Michael Lynch and Steve Woolgar (Eds),(Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1990), X+ 365pp. ISBN 0-262-62076-6 Paperback $16.95/£ 14.95. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (4):647-654.
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  39.  2
    Hans-Jorg Rheinberger (2000). Ephestia : Le projet expérimental d'une génétique de la physiologie du développement dans l'œuvre d'Alfred Kühn / Ephestia : The experimental project of a genetics of developmental physiology in the work of Alfred Kühn. Revue d'Histoire des Sciences 53 (3-4):401-446.
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  40.  2
    Hans-Jorg Rheinberger (1995). When Did Carl Correns Read Gregor Mendel's Paper? A Research Note. Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 86:612-616.
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  41.  1
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, Michael Hagner & Bettina Wahrig-Schmidt (eds.) (1996). Räume des Wissens: Repräsentation, Codierung, Spur. De Gruyter.
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  42.  4
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2013). My Road to History of Science. Science in Context 26 (4):639-648.
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  43.  11
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2006). The Notions of Regulation, Information, and Language in the Writings of François Jacob. Biological Theory 1 (3):261-267.
    François Jacob is known as one of the key figures in the history of molecular biology. His elaboration, together with Jacques Monod, of the operon model and the basic features of the regulation of gene expression in bacteria, as well as the concept of genetic messenger, won him the Nobel Prize in 1965. Both notions were decisive for the novel imagery of molecular genetics in which the notion of information came to stand central. From a close reading, this article tries (...)
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  44.  11
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (2001). Tausend Blüten. NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 9 (2):65-79.
    This essay takes issue with an Allegory of Vision from the beginning of the 17th century. It is part of a cycle of five paintings on the five senses jointly produced by Jan Brueghel the Elder and Peter Paul Rubens around 1617, and it belongs now to the permanent collection of the Museo del Prado. The description deliberately concentrates on the botanical elements of the painting. In the first and the last part of the paper, I offer an interpretation of (...)
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  45. Hans-Jorg Rheinberger (2002). A Note on Time and Biology. In R. E. Auxier & L. E. Hahn (eds.), The Philosophy of Marjorie Grene. La Salle, Illinois: Open Court 29--381.
     
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  46.  6
    Bettina Wahrig-Schmidt, Hans-Jörg Rheinberger & Michael Hagner (1995). Darstellungsräume in den Wissenschaften: Spur, Codierung, Repräsentation. NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 3 (1):58-59.
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  47.  5
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (1994). Iconology: Image, Text, Ideology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (4):647-654.
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  48. Hans-Jorg Rheinberger & Wim J. Van der Steen (1994). Experiment, Differenz Schrift: Zur Geschichte Epistemiscber/Dinge. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
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  49.  1
    Hans-jörg Rheinberger (1997). Bruno Latour: Wir sind nie modern gewesen. Versuch einer symmetrischen Anthropologie. Berlin: Akademie Verlag 1995. 208 Seiten, broschiert, 48,- DM. [REVIEW] Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte 20 (2-3):285-286.
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  50.  1
    Hans-Jörg Rheinberger (1994). Iconology: Image, Text, Ideology: WJT Mitchell,(Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press, 1987), X+ 226 Pp. ISBN 0-226-53228-3 Hardback, ISBN 0-226-53229-1 Paperback£ 8.95. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (4):647-654.
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