Search results for 'Hany Sleem' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Hany Sleem, Samer S. El-Kamary & Henry J. Silverman (2010). Identifying Structures, Processes, Resources and Needs of Research Ethics Committees in Egypt. BMC Medical Ethics 11 (1):12-.score: 240.0
    Background: Concerns have been expressed regarding the adequacy of ethics review systems in developing countries. Limited data are available regarding the structural and functional status of Research Ethics Committees (RECs) in the Middle East. The purpose of this study was to survey the existing RECs in Egypt to better understand their functioning status, perceived resource needs, and challenges. Methods: We distributed a self-administered survey tool to Egyptian RECs to collect information on the following domains: general characteristics of the REC, membership (...)
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  2. A. Abou-Zeid, H. Silverman, M. Shehata, M. Shams, M. Elshabrawy, T. Hifnawy, S. A. Rahman, B. Galal, H. Sleem, N. Mikhail & N. Moharram (2010). Collection, Storage and Use of Blood Samples for Future Research: Views of Egyptian Patients Expressed in a Cross-Sectional Survey. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (9):539-547.score: 30.0
    Objective To determine the attitudes of Egyptian patients regarding their participation in research and with the collection, storage and future use of blood samples for research purposes. Design Cross-sectional survey. Study population Adult Egyptian patients (n=600) at rural and urban hospitals and clinics. Results Less than half of the study population (44.3%) felt that informed consent forms should provide research participants the option to have their blood samples stored for future research. Of these participants, 39.9% thought that consent forms should (...)
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  3. Teresa Garulo Muñoz (2012). Erudición y nostalgia. Al-Hani-n ilà l-awta-n en el editor de al-Faray^ ba, d al- idda de al-Tanu-ji. Al-Qantara: Revista de Estudios Árabes 33 (1):107 - 146.score: 6.0
    Uno de los temas clásicos de la literatura árabe, casi desde sus comienzos, es la nostalgia de la tierra natal (al-hani-n ilà l-awta-n). Experiencia dolorosa de extrañamiento, que se nutre de las crisis políticas, la nostalgia ha dado lugar a obras que buscan recrear un pasado o unos lugares amados, que sólo la memoria es capaz de recuperar. En este artículo trato de mostrar cómo se articula la nostalgia de Iraq, y, más concretamente, de Bagdad, dentro del aparato crítico de (...)
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  4. P. Bouchery (1996). The Relationship Between Society and Nature Among the Hani People of China. Diogenes 44 (174):99-116.score: 5.0
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  5. Richard W. Lind (1983). Towards a Phenomenological Metaethics. Philosophy Research Archives 9:639-663.score: 3.0
    Hany metaethicists have all but abandoned the possibility that ordinary value language has any sort of universal logic. But careful phenomenological reflection indicates that we call something “good” only if we tacitly believe that it is disposed to be “pragmatically attractive” in some way. Conversely, “bad” things must be “pragmatically repellent”. Linguistic and phenomenological evidence supports these observations. Differences in the meanings of diverse value judgments seem to be due to variations in the practical context in which the attraction (...)
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  6. Paulo Abrantes & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2009). Gould, Hull, and the Individuation of Scientific Theories. Foundations of Science 14 (4):295-313.score: 1.0
    When is conceptual change so significant that we should talk about a new theory, not a new version of the same theory? We address this problem here, starting from Gould’s discussion of the individuation of the Darwinian theory. He locates his position between two extremes: ‘minimalist’—a theory should be individuated merely by its insertion in a historical lineage—and ‘maximalist’—exhaustive lists of necessary and sufficient conditions are required for individuation. He imputes the minimalist position to Hull and attempts a reductio : (...)
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  7. Claus Emmeche, Defining Life, Explaining Emergence.score: 1.0
    Bibliographical Note Abstract Explaining things - introductory remarks General attitudes and the standard view Requirements for a definition Life as the natural selection of replicators Life as an autopoietic system Life as a semiotic phenomenon Downward causation Implicitly well-defined general objects Emergence as explanatory strategy: the observer reappears Concluding remarks Acknowledgements Notes References Bibliographical note: Earlier versions of this paper were presented at the Princeton History of Science Workshop on "Growing Explanations", Princeton University, February 15, 1997; and at the meeting (...)
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  8. João Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Towards a Multi-Level Approach to the Emergence of Meaning Processes in Living Systems. Acta Biotheoretica 54 (3).score: 1.0
    Any description of the emergence and evolution of different types of meaning processes (semiosis, sensu C.S.Peirce) in living systems must be supported by a theoretical framework which makes it possible to understand the nature and dynamics of such processes. Here we propose that the emergence of semiosis of different kinds can be understood as resulting from fundamental interactions in a triadically-organized hierarchical process. To grasp these interactions, we develop a model grounded on Stanley Salthe's hierarchical structuralism. This model can be (...)
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  9. Kathleen Garrison, Scheinost A., Worhunsky Dustin, D. Patrick, Hani Elwafi, Thornhill M., A. Thomas, Evan Thompson, Clifford Saron, Gaëlle Desbordes, Hedy Kober, Michelle Hampson, Jeremy Gray, Constable R., Papademetris R. Todd & Brewer Xenophon (2013). Real-Time fMRI Links Subjective Experience with Brain Activity During Focused Attention. NeuroImage 81:110--118.score: 1.0
  10. Hani Ofek-Ghendler (2009). Globalization and Social Justice: The Right to Minimum Wage. Law and Ethics of Human Rights 3 (2):267-300.score: 1.0
  11. Joao Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Semiosis as an Emergent Process. Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 42 (1):78-116.score: 1.0
    : In this paper, we intend to discuss if and in what sense semiosis (meaning process, cf. C. S. Peirce) can be regarded as an "emergent" process in semiotic systems. It is not our problem here to answer when or how semiosis emerged in nature. As a prerequisite for the very formulation of these problems, we are rather interested in discussing the conditions which should be fulfilled for semiosis to be characterized as an emergent process. The first step in this (...)
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  12. Hani Tamim, Amr Jamal, Huda Al Shamsi, Abdulla Al Sayyari & Fayez Hejaili (2010). Professional Boundary Ethics Attitudes and Awareness Among Nurses and Physicians in a University Hospital in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Ethics and Behavior 20 (1):21-32.score: 1.0
    This study sought to gauge ethical attitudes about professional boundary issues of physicians and nurses in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Respondents scored 10 relevant boundary vignettes as to their ethical acceptability. The group as a whole proved “aware/ ethically conservative,” but with the physicians' score falling on the “less ethically conservative” part of the spectrum compared to nurses. The degree of ethicality was more related to profession than to gender, with nurses being more “ethical” than physicians.
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  13. Angelo Loula, Ricardo Gudwin, Charbel El-Hani & João Queiroz, The Emergence of Symbol-Based Communication in a Complex System of Artificial Creatures.score: 1.0
    We present here a digital scenario to simulate the emergence of self-organized symbol-based communication among artificial creatures inhabiting a virtual world of predatory events. In order to design the environment and creatures, we seek theoretical and empirical constraints from C.S.Peirce Semiotics and an ethological case study of communication among animals. Our results show that the creatures, assuming the role of sign users and learners, behave collectively as a complex system, where self-organization of communicative interactions plays a major role in the (...)
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  14. Charbel Niño El-Hani (2010). Emergence and Downward Causation. Principia 6 (1):1-4.score: 1.0
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  15. Antônio Gomes, Ricardo Gudwin, Charbel Niño El-Hani & João Queiroz (2007). Towards the Emergence of Meaning Processes in Computers From Peircean Semiotics. Mind and Society 6 (2):173-187.score: 1.0
    In this work, we propose a computational approach to the triadic model of Peircean semiosis (meaning processes). We investigate theoretical constraints about the feasibility of simulated semiosis. These constraints, which are basic requirements for the simulation of semiosis, refer to the synthesis of irreducible triadic relations (Sign–Object–Interpretant). We examine the internal organization of the triad S–O–I, that is, the relative position of its elements and how they relate to each other. We also suggest a multi-level approach based on self-organization principles. (...)
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  16. Charbel Niño Ei-Hani & Antonio Augusto Passos Videira (2001). Causação Descendente, Emergência de Propriedades E Modos Causais Aristotélicos (Downward Causation, Property Emergence, and Aristotelian Causal Modes). Theoria 16 (2):301-329.score: 1.0
    O problema da causação descendente é um ponto central na formulação do fisicalismo não-redutivo e na compreensão da emergência de propriedades. Duas interpretações possíveis da causação descendente, nas quais a contribuição do pensamento aristotélico é importante, são examinadas. Os requisitos do programa de matematização da natureza na mecanica clássica, que levaram ao abandono de três dos modos causais aristotélicos, nao parecem igualmente importantes nas ciencias especiais. Isto sugere que a contribuição de Aristóteles pode ser, de certa maneira, retomada. Uma definição (...)
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  17. Hani Nasri (1986). The “Mystic” and Society According to Ibn Bajjah and Ibn Tufayl. International Philosophical Quarterly 26 (3):223-227.score: 1.0
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  18. Ana Maria Rocha de Almeida & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2010). Um exame histórico-filosófico da biologia evolutiva do desenvolvimento. Scientiae Studia 8 (1):9-10.score: 1.0
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  19. Nei Nunes-Neto, Alvaro Moreno & Charbel N. El-Hani (2014). Function in Ecology: An Organizational Approach. Biology and Philosophy 29 (1):123-141.score: 1.0
    Functional language is ubiquitous in ecology, mainly in the researches about biodiversity and ecosystem function. However, it has not been adequately investigated by ecologists or philosophers of ecology. In the contemporary philosophy of ecology we can recognize a kind of implicit consensus about this issue: while the etiological approaches cannot offer a good concept of function in ecology, Cummins’ systemic approach can. Here we propose to go beyond this implicit consensus, because we think these approaches are not adequate for ecology. (...)
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  20. Isabel D'Hanis (2002). A Logical Approach to the Analysis of Metaphors. In. In L. Magnani, N. J. Nersessian & C. Pizzi (eds.), Logical and Computational Aspects of Model-Based Reasoning. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 21--37.score: 1.0
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  21. Charbel El-Hani & Sami Pihlström (2005). A Pragmatic Realist View of Emergence. Manuscrito 25 (3).score: 1.0
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  22. Charbel Niño El-Hani (2005). Downward Determination. Abstracta 1 (2):162-192.score: 1.0
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  23. Nei Freitas Nunes-Neto, RicarDo Santos do Carmo & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2013). O conceito de função na ecologia contemporânea. Revista de Filosofia Aurora 25 (423):43.score: 1.0
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  24. Nei Freitas Nunes-Neto & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2009). O que é função? Debates na filosofia da biologia contemporânea. Scientiae Studia 7 (3):353-401.score: 1.0
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  25. Charbel N. El-Hani, João Queiroz & Frederik Stjernfelt (2010). Firefly Femmes Fatales: A Case Study in the Semiotics of Deception. [REVIEW] Biosemiotics 3 (1):33-55.score: 1.0
    Mimicry and deception are two important issues in studies about animal communication. The reliability of animal signs and the problem of the benefits of deceiving in sign exchanges are interesting topics in the evolution of communication. In this paper, we intend to contribute to an understanding of deception by studying the case of aggressive signal mimicry in fireflies, investigated by James Lloyd. Firefly femmes fatales are specialized in mimicking the mating signals of other species of fireflies with the purpose of (...)
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  26. Charbel Niño El-Hani & João Queiroz (2005). Modos de irredutibilidade das propriedades emergentes. Scientiae Studia 3 (1):9-41.score: 1.0
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  27. Charbel Niño El-Hani & João Queiroz (2005). Modes of Irreductibility of Emergent Properties. Scientiae Studia 3 (1):9-41.score: 1.0
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  28. Waleed Al-Herz, Hani Haider, Mahmoud Al-Bahhar & Adnan Sadeq (forthcoming). Honorary Authorship in Biomedical Journals: How Common is It and Why Does It Exist? Journal of Medical Ethics:2012-101311.score: 1.0
    Background The number of coauthors in the medical literature has increased over the past 50 years as authorship continues to have important academic, social and financial implications. Aim and method The study aim was to determine the prevalence of honorary authorship in biomedical publications and identify the factors that lead to its existence. An email with a survey link was sent anonymously to 9283 corresponding authors of PubMed articles published within 1 year of contact. Results A completed survey was obtained (...)
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  29. Argyris Arnellos, Luis Emilio Bruni, Charbel Niño El-Hani & John Collier (2012). Anticipatory Functions, Digital-Analog Forms and Biosemiotics: Integrating the Tools to Model Information and Normativity in Autonomous Biological Agents. Biosemiotics 5 (3):331-367.score: 1.0
    We argue that living systems process information such that functionality emerges in them on a continuous basis. We then provide a framework that can explain and model the normativity of biological functionality. In addition we offer an explanation of the anticipatory nature of functionality within our overall approach. We adopt a Peircean approach to Biosemiotics, and a dynamical approach to Digital-Analog relations and to the interplay between different levels of functionality in autonomous systems, taking an integrative approach. We then apply (...)
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  30. Frederick E. Brenk, Plutarch, J. Defradas, J. Hani & R. Klaerr (1987). Oeuvres Morales. Tome Ii. Consolation a Apollonios, Preceptes de Sante, Preceptes de Mariage, Le Banquet des Sept Sages, De la Superstition. Journal of Hellenic Studies 107:206.score: 1.0
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  31. Mary F. Dallman, Norman C. Pecoraro, Susanne E. La Fleur, James P. Warne, Abigail B. Ginsberg, Susan F. Akana, Kevin C. Laugero, Hani Houshyar, Alison M. Strack & Seema Bhatnagar (2006). Glucocorticoids, Chronic Stress, and Obesity. In Susana Martinez-Conde, S. L. Macknik, L. M. Martinez, J.-M. Alonso & P. U. Tse (eds.), Progress in Brain Research. Elsevier Science. 75-105.score: 1.0
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  32. Charbel Niño El-Hani & Sami Pihlström (2002). Emergence Theories and Pragmatic Realism. Essays in Philosophy 3 (2):3.score: 1.0
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  33. Charbel Nino El-Hani (2002). On the Reality of Emergents. Principia 6 (1):51-87.score: 1.0
    The controversy over the notion of emergence has recently re-emerged But a rigorous debate concerning how it might be explained or defined is often lacking Emergence is discussed here under two strict conditions (l) emergents can be predictable from the knowledge about a system's parts, (ll) emergents can be regarded as dependent on, and deternuned by, the system's micro-structure O'Connor's definmon of an emergent property is taken as a starting-point for a new definmon, incorporating Emmeche and colleagues' analysis of dounward (...)
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  34. Nei Freitas Nunes Neto & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Gaia, teleologia E função. Episteme 11 (23):15-48.score: 1.0
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  35. Aryan Amirkhani, Hanie Okhovat & Ehsan Zamani (2010). Ancient Pigeon Houses: Remarkable Example of the Asian Culture Crystallized in the Architecture of Iran and Central Anatolia. Asian Culture and History 2 (2):P45.score: 1.0
    Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Architectural heritage is considered a fundamental issue in the life of modern societies. In addition to their historical interest, cultural heritage buildings are valuable because they contribute significantly to the economy by providing key attractions at a time when tourism and leisure are major industries. The need for preserving historical constructions is thus not only a cultural requirement, but also an economical and developmental demand. Herein, among different Iranian heritage buildings, pigeon towers, or dovecotes, are of a great importance. Hundreds of dovecotes, dating largely to the Safavid period, dot the fields in the vicinity of Isfahan. On the other hand, valleys formed by creeks in central parts of Anatolia seem to have offered suitable environments for ancient settlements. Cappadocia region and two valleys nearby the town of Gesi accommodate a number of villages surrounded by hundreds of dove cotes in different types. This paper investigates different types of dovecotes in Iran plateau and Central Anatolia, Turkey. The results show there is a fundamental difference between the structures of dovecotes in these two countries. However, ancient dovecotes in Iran and Central Anatolia can be considered good examples of 'architecture without architects' or ' spectacular vernacular architecture'. Master builders who designed and constructed these buildings for such a simple function, created impressive forms without much pretension and bringing forth the tectonic aspects of the art of architecture. Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE AR-SA st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui) } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:Arial; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} Keywords: Dovecotes, architecture, Iran, Isfahan, Central Anatolia. (shrink)
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  36. Ana Maria Rocha de Almeida & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Darwinismo neural: Uma extensão metafórica da teoria da seleção natural. Episteme 11 (24):335-356.score: 1.0
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  37. Isabel D'Hanis (2001). The Use of Metaphors in Scientific Development: A Logical Approach. Logique Et Analyse 44:215.score: 1.0
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  38. Charbel Niño Ei-Hani & Antonio Augusto Passos Videira (2001). Causação descendente, emergência de propriedades e modos causais aristotélicos (Downward Causation, Property Emergence, and Aristotelian Causal Modes). Theoria: Revista de Teoría, Historia y Fundamentos de la Ciencia 16 (2):301-329.score: 1.0
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  39. Charbel Niño El-Hani (2008). A Peircean Approach to 'Information' and its Relationship with Bateson's and Jablonka's Ideas. American Journal of Semiotics 24 (1/3):75-94.score: 1.0
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  40. Charbel Nino El-Hani & Antonio Marcos Pereira (2000). Higher-Level Descriptions: Why Should We Preserve Them. In P. B. Andersen, Claus Emmeche, N. O. Finnemann & P. V. Christiansen (eds.), Downward Causation. University of Aarhus Press.score: 1.0
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  41. Charbel Niño El-Hani & Antonio Marcos Pereira (1999). Understanding Biological Causation. In V. Harcastle (ed.), Where Biology Meets Psychology.score: 1.0
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  42. Motoko Hani (1932). Leaflets. [Tokyo, Jiyu Gakuen].score: 1.0
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  43. Leyla Mariane Joaquim & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2010). A genética em transformação: crise e revisão do conceito de gene. Scientiae Studia 8 (1):93-128.score: 1.0
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  44. Nei Freitas Nunes Neto & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2006). Gaia, teleologia e função. Episteme 11 (23):15-48.score: 1.0
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  45. Joao Queiroz & Charbel Niño El-Hani (2007). La emergencia de significado en sistemas semióticos. Revista de Filosofia 56 (2):47-65.score: 1.0
    Cualquier descripción de la emergencia de significado en sistemas biológicos y artificiales debe apoyarse en un marco teórico que haga posible entender la naturaleza y la dinámica de tales procesos. En este artículo se toma la filosofía pragmática del signo de Charles S. Peirce, que asociamos aquí con el estructuralismo jerárquico de Stanley Salthe, como la base correcta para desarrollar ese marco conceptual. Se formulan algunas preguntas que consideramos fundamentales para asegurar una aplicación precisa de la noción de emergencia en (...)
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  46. Mohammadsharif SHahidi, Mohamad Reza Bemanian, Nina Almasifar & Hanie Okhovat (2010). A Study on Cultural and Environmental Basics at Formal Elements of Persian Gardens (Before & After Islam). Asian Culture and History 2 (2):P133.score: 1.0
    This article intends to study effective factors on Iranian gardens as similar atmosphere with meaning and environment values. First we try to study cultural roots of ancient Iran and its effect on elements and structure of Iranian gardens; in second chapter similarities among Islamic beliefs in Iranian gardens are studied. Then by accessing to a set of cultural-environmental criterions of Iran as an atmosphere that is binding to Iranian culture and beliefs and Iranian knowledge and techniques as a complementary factor (...)
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  47. Abeer A. Zeitoun, Hani I. Dimassi, Bahija A. Chami & Nibal R. Chamoun (2013). Acute Pain Management and Assessment: Are Guidelines Being Implemented in Developing Countries (Lebanon). Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (5):833-839.score: 1.0
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