Search results for 'Hausman Daniel M' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Daniel M. Hausman (2012). Well-Being and Fair Distribution: Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis, Adler. Oxford University Press, 2012, 634 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 28 (3):435-443.score: 1770.0
    Book Reviews Daniel M. Hausman, Economics and Philosophy , FirstView Article(s).
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  2. Daniel M. Hausman (2010). Philosophy of the Behavioral and Social Sciences: Philosophy of the Cognitive Sciences / William Bechtel and Mitchell Herschbach. Philosophy of Psychology / Edouard Machery. Philosophy of Sociology / Daniel Little. Philosophy of Economics. [REVIEW] In Fritz Allhoff (ed.), Philosophies of the Sciences. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 1350.0
  3. Daniel M. Hausman & Matt Sensat Waldren (2012). Egalitarianism Reconsidered. Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (4):567-586.score: 990.0
    This paper argues that egalitarian theories should be judged by the degree to which they meet four different challenges. Fundamentalist egalitarianism, which contends that certain inequalities are intrinsically bad or unjust regardless of their consequences, fails to meet these challenges. Building on discussions by T.M. Scanlon and David Miller, we argue that egalitarianism is better understood in terms of commitments to six egalitarian objectives. A consequence of our view, in contrast to Martin O'Neill's “non-intrinsic egalitarianism,“ is that egalitarianism is better (...)
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  4. Daniel M. Hausman (2010). Hedonism and Welfare Economics. Economics and Philosophy 26 (03):321-344.score: 990.0
    This essay criticizes the proposal recently defended by a number of prominent economists that welfare economics be redirected away from the satisfaction of people's preferences and toward making people happy instead. Although information about happiness may sometimes be of use, the notion of happiness is sufficiently ambiguous and the objections to identifying welfare with happiness are sufficiently serious that welfare economists are better off using preference satisfaction as a measure of welfare. The essay also examines and criticizes the position associated (...)
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  5. Daniel M. Hausman (1998). Causal Asymmetries. Cambridge University Press.score: 990.0
    This book, by one of the pre-eminent philosophers of science writing today, offers the most comprehensive account available of causal asymmetries. Causation is asymmetrical in many different ways. Causes precede effects; explanations cite causes not effects. Agents use causes to manipulate their effects; they don't use effects to manipulate their causes. Effects of a common cause are correlated; causes of a common effect are not. This book explains why a relationship that is asymmetrical in one of these regards is asymmetrical (...)
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  6. Daniel M. Hausman & Brynn Welch (2010). Debate: To Nudge or Not to Nudge. Journal of Political Philosophy 18 (1):123-136.score: 900.0
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  7. Daniel M. Hausman (2011). A Lockean Argument for Universal Access to Health Care. Social Philosophy and Policy 28 (2):166-191.score: 900.0
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  8. Daniel M. Hausman & Michael S. McPherson (2009). Preference Satisfaction and Welfare Economics. Economics and Philosophy 25 (1):1-25.score: 900.0
    The tenuous claims of cost-benefit analysis to guide policy so as to promote welfare turn on measuring welfare by preference satisfaction and taking willingness-to-pay to indicate preferences. Yet it is obvious that people's preferences are not always self-interested and that false beliefs may lead people to prefer what is worse for them even when people are self-interested. So welfare is not preference satisfaction, and hence it appears that cost-benefit analysis and welfare economics in general rely on a mistaken theory of (...)
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  9. Daniel M. Hausman, Equality Versus Priority: A Badly Misleading Distinction.score: 900.0
    People condemn inequalities for many reasons. For example, many who have no concern with distribution per se criticize inequalities in health care, because these inequalities lessen the benefits provided by the resources that are devoted to health care. Others who place no intrinsic value on distribution believe that a just society must show a special concern for those who are worst off. Some people, on the other hand, do place an intrinsic value on equality of distribution, regardless of its contribution (...)
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  10. Daniel M. Hausman (2009). Equality of Autonomy. Ethics 119 (4):742-756.score: 900.0
  11. Daniel M. Hausman, Philosophy of Economics. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 900.0
    This is a comprehensive anthology of works concerning the nature of economics as a science, including classic texts and essays exploring specific branches and schools of economics. Apart from the classics, most of the selections in the third edition are new, as are the introduction and bibliography. No other anthology spans the whole field and offers a comprehensive introduction to questions about economic methodology.
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  12. Daniel M. Hausman (1989). Are Markets Morally Free Zones? Philosophy and Public Affairs 18 (4):317-333.score: 900.0
    Markets are central institutions in societies such as ours, and it seems appropriate to ask whether markets treat individuals justly or unjustly and whether choices individuals make concerning their market behavior are just or unjust. After all, markets influence most important features of our lives from the environment in which we live to the ways in which we find pleasure and fulfillment. Within market life we collectively determine the shape of human existence.<1>.
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  13. Daniel M. Hausman (2008). Fairness and Social Norms. Philosophy of Science 75 (5):850-860.score: 900.0
    This essay comments on the theory of social norms developed by Cristina Bicchieri in The Grammar of Society ( 2006 ). It applauds her theory of norms but argues that it cannot account for the experimental results concerning ultimatum games. A theory of fairness is also needed. It develops a number of specific criticisms of her way of incorporating the influence of norms into preferences. †To contact the author, please write to: Department of Philosophy, University of Wisconsin–Madison, 5197 Helen C. (...)
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  14. Daniel M. Hausman, Reuben Stern & Naftali Weinberger (2014). Systems Without a Graphical Causal Representation. Synthese 191 (8):1925-1930.score: 900.0
    There are simple mechanical systems that elude causal representation. We describe one that cannot be represented in a single directed acyclic graph. Our case suggests limitations on the use of causal graphs for causal inference and makes salient the point that causal relations among variables depend upon details of causal setups, including values of variables.
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  15. Daniel M. Hausman (2003). Philip Kitcher, Science, Truth, and Democracy:Science, Truth, and Democracy. Ethics 113 (2):423-428.score: 900.0
  16. Daniel M. Hausman (2005). Sympathy, Commitment, and Preference. Economics and Philosophy 21 (1):33-50.score: 900.0
    While very much in Sen's camp in rejecting revealed preference theory and emphasizing the complexity, incompleteness, and context dependence of preference and the intellectual costs of supposing that all the factors influencing choice can be captured by a single notion of preference, this essay contests his view that economists should recognize multiple notions of preference. It argues that Sen's concerns are better served by embracing a single conception of preference and insisting on the need for analysis of the multiple factors (...)
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  17. Daniel M. Hausman & James Woodward (2004). Modularity and the Causal Markov Condition: A Restatement. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (1):147-161.score: 900.0
    expose some gaps and difficulties in the argument for the causal Markov condition in our essay ‘Independence, Invariance and the Causal Markov Condition’ ([1999]), and we are grateful for the opportunity to reformulate our position. In particular, Cartwright disagrees vigorously with many of the theses we advance about the connection between causation and manipulation. Although we are not persuaded by some of her criticisms, we shall confine ourselves to showing how our central argument can be reconstructed and to casting doubt (...)
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  18. Daniel M. Hausman (2000). Revealed Preference, Belief, and Game Theory. Economics and Philosophy 16 (1):99-115.score: 900.0
    The notion of ‘revealed preference’ is unclear and should be abandoned. Defenders of the theory of revealed preference have misinterpreted legitimate concerns about the testability of economics as the demand that economists eschew reference to (unobservable) subjective states. As attempts to apply revealed-preference theory to game theory illustrate with particular vividness, this demand is mistaken.
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  19. Daniel M. Hausman (2009). Benevolence, Justice, Well-Being and the Health Gradient. Public Health Ethics 2 (3):235-243.score: 900.0
    The health gradient among those who are by historical standards both remarkably healthy and well-off is of considerable moral importance with respect to benevolence, justice and the theory of welfare. Indeed it may help us to realize that for most people the good life lies in close and intricate social ties with others which can flourish only when inequalities are limited. The health gradient suggests that there is a story to be told in which egalitarian justice, solidarity, health and well-being (...)
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  20. Daniel M. Hausman, Economics, Philosophy Of.score: 900.0
    People have thought about economics for as long as they have thought about how to manage their households, and indeed Aristotle assimilated the study of the economic affairs of a city to the study of the management of a household. During the two millennia between Aristotle and Adam Smith, one finds reflections concerning economic problems mainly in the context of discussions of moral or policy questions. For example, scholastic philosophers commented on money and interest in inquiries concerning the justice of (...)
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  21. Daniel M. Hausman (2007). What's Wrong with Health Inequalities? Journal of Political Philosophy 15 (1):46–66.score: 900.0
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  22. Daniel M. Hausman (1999). The Handbook of Economic Methodology, John Davis, D. Wade Hands, and Uskali Mäki (Eds.). Edward Elgar, 1998, Xviii + 572 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 15 (02):289-.score: 900.0
  23. Daniel M. Hausman (1981). John Stuart Mill's Philosophy of Economics. Philosophy of Science 48 (3):363-385.score: 900.0
    John Stuart Mill regards economics as an inexact and separate science which employs a deductive method. This paper analyzes and restates Mill's views and considers whether they help one to understand philosophical peculiarities of contemporary microeconomic theory. The author concludes that it is philosophically enlightening to interpret microeconomics as an inexact and separate science, but that Mill's notion of a deductive method has only a little to contribute.
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  24. Daniel M. Hausman (1995). The Impossibility of Interpersonal Utility Comparisons. Mind 104 (415):473-490.score: 900.0
  25. Daniel M. Hausman (ed.) (2008). The Philosophy of Economics: An Anthology. Cambridge University Press.score: 900.0
    This is a comprehensive anthology of works concerning the nature of economics as a science, including classic texts and essays exploring specific branches and schools of economics. Apart from the classics, most of the selections in the third edition are new, as are the introduction and bibliography. No other anthology spans the whole field and offers a comprehensive introduction to questions about economic methodology.
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  26. Daniel M. Hausman (1998). Problems with Realism in Economics. Economics and Philosophy 14 (02):185-.score: 900.0
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  27. Daniel M. Hausman (1999). Lessons From Quantum Mechanics. Synthese 121 (1-2):79-92.score: 900.0
  28. Daniel M. Hausman (1995). Rational Choice and Social Theory: A Comment. Journal of Philosophy 92 (2):96-102.score: 900.0
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  29. Daniel M. Hausman (1992). Essays on Philosophy and Economic Methodology. Cambridge University Press.score: 900.0
    This collection brings together the essays of one of the foremost American philosophers of economics. Cumulatively they offer fresh perspectives on foundational questions such as: what sort of science is economics? and how successful can economists be in acquiring knowledge of their subject matter?
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  30. Daniel M. Hausman (1999). Ontology and Methodology in Economics. Economics and Philosophy 15 (02):283-.score: 900.0
  31. Daniel M. Hausman (1993). The Structure of Good. [REVIEW] Ethics 103 (4):792 - 806.score: 900.0
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  32. Daniel M. Hausman (1982). Causal and Explanatory Asymmetry. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:43 - 54.score: 900.0
    This paper asks why causal asymmetries should give rise to explanatory asymmetries. One way to give some rationale for the asymmetries of causal explanation is to adopt a pragmatic view of explanation and to stress the fact that causes can be used to manipulate their effects. This paper argues, however, that when one recognizes that causal asymmetry is fundamentally an asymmetry of "connectedness", one can see how causal asymmetry leads to an objective difference between explanations in terms of causes and (...)
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  33. Daniel M. Hausman, Trust in Game Theory.score: 900.0
    No doubt men are capable even now of much more unselfish service than they generally render; and the supreme aim of the economist is to discover how this latent social asset can be developed more quickly and turned to account more wisely. (Alfred Marshall, Principles of Economics , p. 8).
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  34. Daniel M. Hausman (1997). The Impossibility of Interpersonal Utility Comparisons--A Reply. Mind 106 (421):99-100.score: 900.0
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  35. Daniel M. Hausman, Why Not Just Ask? Preferences, “Empirical Ethics” and the Role of Ethical Reflection.score: 900.0
    Many questions concerning health involve values. How well is a health system performing? How should resources be allocated between the health system and other uses or among competing healthrelated uses? How should the costs of health services be distributed among members of a population? Who among those in need of transplants should receive scarce organs? What is the best way to treat particular patients? Although many kinds of expertise bear on these questions, values play a large role in answering them. (...)
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  36. Daniel M. Hausman (1997). Causation, Agency, and Independence. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):25.score: 900.0
    This paper explores versions of agency or manipulability theories of causation and argues that they are unacceptable both for the well-known reasons of their anthropomorphism, limited scope, and circularity and because they are subsumed by an alternative "independence" theory of causation, which is free of these difficulties.
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  37. Daniel M. Hausman, Yukiko Asada & Thomas Hedemann (2002). Health Inequalities and Why They Matter. Health Care Analysis 10 (2):177-191.score: 900.0
    Health inequalities are of concern both becausestudying them may help one learn how to improvehealth and because health inequalities may beunjust. This paper argues that attending tothese reasons why health inequalities may beimportant undercuts the claims of researchersat the World Health Organization in favor offocusing on individual health variation ratherthan on social group health differences. Inequalities in individual health are of littleinterest unless one goes on to study how theyare related to other factors.
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  38. Daniel M. Hausman (2012). Health, Naturalism, and Functional Efficiency. Philosophy of Science 79 (4):519-541.score: 900.0
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  39. Daniel M. Hausman (2002). Physical Causation. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 33 (4):717-724.score: 900.0
  40. Daniel M. Hausman (1993). Linking Causal and Explanatory Asymmetry. Philosophy of Science 60 (3):435-451.score: 900.0
    This essay defends two theses that jointly establish a link between causal and explanatory asymmetry. The first thesis is that statements specifying facts about effects, unlike statements specifying facts about causes, are not "independently variable". The second thesis is that independent variability among purportedly explanatory factors is a necessary condition on scientific explanations.
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  41. Daniel M. Hausman (2006). Valuing Health. Philosophy and Public Affairs 34 (3):246–274.score: 900.0
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  42. Daniel M. Hausman (1988). Ceteris Paribus Clauses and Causality in Economics. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:308 - 316.score: 900.0
    In this paper I distinguish the kind of ceteris paribus qualifications that often attach to derivative generalizations from those which typically attach to fundamental laws and argue that the latter are typically more tractable. I provide a sketch of a semantics for qualified generalizations and an account of how they may be justified. In addition I argue that legitimate uses of ceteris paribus qualifications must satisfy specific causal conditions.
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  43. Daniel M. Hausman (2004). Trust and Trustworthiness, by Russell Hardin. Russell Sage Foundation, 2002, XXI + 234 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 20 (1):240-246.score: 900.0
  44. Daniel M. Hausman (2005). 'Testing' Game Theory. Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (2):211-223.score: 900.0
    This paper considers whether game theory can be tested, what difficulties experimenters face in testing it, and what can be learned from attempts to test it. I emphasize that tests of game theory rely on fallible assumptions concerning particular features of the strategic situation and of the players. These do not render game theory untestable in principle, but they create serious problems. In coping with these problems, experimenters may use game theory to learn what games experimental subjects are playing.
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  45. Daniel M. Hausman (1996). Economics as Separate and Inexact. Economics and Philosophy 12 (02):207-.score: 900.0
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  46. Daniel M. Hausman (1996). Causation and Counterfactual Dependence Reconsidered. Noûs 30 (1):55-74.score: 900.0
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  47. Daniel M. Hausman (1985). Is Falsificationism Unpractised or Unpractisable? Philosophy of the Social Sciences 15 (3):313-319.score: 900.0
  48. Daniel M. Hausman (2003). Rational Belief and Social Interaction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (2):163-164.score: 900.0
    Game theory poses problems for modeling rational belief, but it does not need a new theory of rationality. Experimental results that suggest otherwise often reveal difficulties in testing game theory, rather than mistakes or paradoxes. Even though the puzzles Colman discusses show no inadequacy in the standard theory of rationality, they show that improved models of belief are needed.
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  49. Daniel M. Hausman (1986). Causation and Experimentation. American Philosophical Quarterly 23 (2):143 - 154.score: 900.0
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  50. Daniel M. Hausman (1986). Liability, Responsibility, and Harm. Ethics 97 (1):263-269.score: 900.0
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