Search results for 'Haydn Trevor Mason' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Haydn Trevor Mason (1963). Pierre Bayle and Voltaire. [London]Oxford University Press.score: 870.0
  2. Haydn Mason (1990). Human Nature, Cultural Diversity, and the French Enlightenment. History of European Ideas 12 (5):701-702.score: 240.0
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  3. Haydn Mason (1994). Voltaire Et le Conte Philosophique. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 48 (187):55-64.score: 240.0
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  4. J. K. Mason (2005). Mason & Mccall Smith's Law and Medical Ethics. Oxford University Press.score: 210.0
    Mason and McCall Smith's classic textbook discusses the relationship of medical practice and ethics with the operation of the law. The subjects covered include natural and assisted reproduction, the impact of modern genetics on medicine, medical confidentiality, consent to medical treatment, the use of resources and problems surrounding death in the new medical era. It is of significance to anyone with an interest in the ethical and legal practice of medicine.
     
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  5. Frank Jackson, Kelby Mason & Steve Stich (2009). Folk Psychology and Tacit Theories : A Correspondence Between Frank Jackson and Steve Stich and Kelby Mason. In David Braddon-Mitchell & Robert Nola (eds.), Conceptual Analysis and Philosophical Naturalism. Mit Press. 99--112.score: 180.0
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  6. Michael Mason (1999). Pastoral Leadership for Tomorrow (Part II)[A Return to the Theme First Explored in Mason, Michael. Pastoral Leadership for Tomorrow; in V. 60, Jan 1983]. [REVIEW] Australasian Catholic Record 76 (2):131.score: 180.0
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  7. H. E. Mason (ed.) (1996). Moral Dilemmas and Moral Theory. Oxford University Press.score: 60.0
    This collection of previously unpublished essays addresses a number of issues arising out of philosophical controversies over the possibility of genuine moral dilemmas. Issues addressed include the form of a moral dilemma; the paradoxes a moral dilemma is said to entail; the question of whether a moral dilemma must exhibit inconsistency; the role of intractable circumstances in occasioning moral dilemmas; and the plausibility of supposing that there might be rational ways of addressing moral dilemmas in practice. The contributors, writing from (...)
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  8. Elinor Mason (2004). Consequentialism and the Principle of Indifference. Utilitas 16 (3):316-321.score: 60.0
    James Lenman argues that consequentialism fails as a moral theory because it is impossible to predict the long-term consequences of our actions. I agree that it is impossible to predict the long-term consequences of actions, but argue that this does not count as a strike against consequentialism. I focus on the principle of indifference, which tells us to treat unforeseeable consequences as cancelling each other out, and hence value-neutral. I argue that though we cannot defend this principle independently, we cannot (...)
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  9. Elinor Mason (2009). What is Consequentialism? Think 8 (21):19-28.score: 60.0
    Elinor Mason explains and contrasts consequentialist and duty-based theories of ethics.
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  10. Carla Mazzio & Douglas Trevor (eds.) (2000). Historicism, Psychoanalysis, and Early Modern Culture. Routledge.score: 60.0
    Did people in early modern Europe have a concept of an inner self? Carla Mazzio and Douglas Trevor have brought together an outstanding group of literary, cultural, and history scholars to answer this intriguing question. Through a synthesis of historicism and psychoanalytic criticism, the contributors explore the complicated, nuanced, and often surprising union of history and subjectivity in Europe centuries before psychoanalytic theory. Addressing such topics as "fetishes and Renaissances," "the cartographic unconscious," and "the topographic imaginary," these essays move (...)
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  11. Carol Mason (2007). Reproducing the Souls of White Folk. Hypatia 22 (2):98-121.score: 60.0
    : Focusing on a textbook controversy that emerged in Kanawha County, West Virginia, in 1974, Mason explores the discursive production of white ethnicity in the rhetorical, visual, and political strategies used during an organized protest against the new multicultural curriculum adopted by the local school board. What the author finds puzzling is the ways in which these productions of "soul" and "nation" enabled unlikely political alliances between national conservative elites and the local, historically left-leaning working class protesters. The author (...)
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  12. Charlotte M. Mason (1954). An Essay Towards a Philosophy of Education. London, Dent.score: 60.0
    This was the last and most important and comprehensive work of Charlotte Mason, (founder of the Parents’ National Educational Union).
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  13. Marilyn Mason (2005). Philosophy — Can't Live with It, Can't Live Without It…. Think 4 (10):35-42.score: 60.0
    Marilyn Mason, Education Officer at the British Humanist Association, also joins the debate about the relationship between philosophy and religious education in the school curriculum.
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  14. Jeff Mason (2003). Plato's Pleasures. The Philosophers' Magazine 23:19-20.score: 60.0
    Jeff Mason looks at what Plato had to say about love and desire.
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  15. Andrew Mason, 5 Questions.score: 60.0
    Mason on the question: "What are the most important unsolved questions in political philosophy and/or related disciplines and what are the prospects for progress?" Political philosophy rarely, if ever, solves problems once and for all. Old problems usually persist despite attempts to resolve them, and even when they are successfully resolved, new ones arise from the ashes of the old. In my view, however, it would be a mistake to conclude from this that political philosophy makes no progress. We (...)
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  16. Elinor Mason (2008). An Argument Against Motivational Internalism. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 108 (1part2):135-156.score: 30.0
    I argue that motivational internalism should not be driving metaethics. I first show that many arguments for motivational internalism beg the question by resting on an illicit appeal to internalist assumptions about the nature of reasons. Then I make a distinction between weak internalism and the weakest form of internalism. Weak internalism allows that agents fail to act according to their normative judgments when they are practically irrational. I show that when we clarify the notion of practical irrationality it does (...)
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  17. Kelby Mason, Chandra Sekhar Sripada & Stephen Stich (2008). The Philosophy of Psychology. In Dermot Moran (ed.), The Routledge Companion to Twentieth-Century Philosophy. Routledge.score: 30.0
    The 20 sup > th /sup > century has been a tumultuous time in psychology -- a century in which the discipline struggled with basic questions about its intellectual identity, but nonetheless managed to achieve spectacular growth and maturation. It’s not surprising, then, that psychology has attracted sustained philosophical attention and stimulated rich philosophical debate. Some of this debate was aimed at understanding, and sometimes criticizing, the assumptions, concepts and explanatory strategies prevailing in the psychology of the time. But much (...)
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  18. Danielle Mason (2005). Demystifying Without Quining: Wittgenstein and Dennett on Qualitative States. South African Journal of Philosophy 24 (1):33-43.score: 30.0
    In his 1991 book ‘Consciousness Explained', Daniel Dennett presents his “Multiple Drafts” model of consciousness. Central to his theory is the rejection of the notion of ‘qualia'; of the existence of the purported ‘qualitative character' of conscious experience that many argue rules out the possibility of a purely materialist theory of mind. In eliminating qualia from his theory of consciousness, Dennett claims to be following in the footsteps of Wittgenstein, who also had much to say regarding the nature of ‘private' (...)
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  19. Kelby Mason (2011). Moral Psychology And Moral Intuition: A Pox On All Your Houses. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 89 (3):441-458.score: 30.0
    Peter Singer has argued for a radical anti-intuitionism on the basis of recent empirical research into the psychological and evolutionary origins of moral intuition. There is, however, a gap between the putative genealogy of moral intuition that Singer offers and his desired methodological claim. I explore three ways to bridge the gap, and argue that the promising way is to construe the genealogy as a debunking genealogy. I sketch an account of how debunking arguments work, and then show that this (...)
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  20. Michelle Mason (2011). Blame: Taking It Seriously. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 83 (2):473-481.score: 30.0
    Philosophers writing on moral responsibility inherit from P.F. Strawson a particular problem space. On one side, it is shaped by consequentialist accounts of moral criticism on which blame is justified, if at all, by its efficacy in influencing future behavior in socially desirable ways. It is by now a common criticism of such views that they suffer a "wrong kind of reason" problem. When blame is warranted in the proper way, it is natural to suppose this is because the target (...)
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  21. Michelle Mason (2010). On Shamelessness. Philosophical Papers 39 (3):401-425.score: 30.0
    Philosophical suspicions about the place of shame in the psychology of the mature moral agent are in tension with the commonplace assumption that to call a person shameless purports to mark a fault, arguably a moral fault. I shift philosophical suspicions away from shame and toward its absence in the shameless by focusing attention on phenomena of shamelessness. In redirecting our attention, I clarify the nature of the failing to which ascriptions of shamelessness might refer and defend the thought that, (...)
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  22. Kelby Mason (2010). Debunking Arguments and the Genealogy of Religion and Morality. Philosophy Compass 5 (9):770-778.score: 30.0
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  23. A. Mason (2011). Citizenship and Justice. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 10 (3):263-281.score: 30.0
    Are the rights, duties, and virtues of citizenship grounded exclusively in considerations of justice, or do some or all of them have other sources? This question is addressed by distinguishing three different accounts of the justification of these rights, duties, and virtues, namely, the justice account, the common-good account, and the equal-membership account. The common-good account is rejected on the grounds that it provides an implausible way of understanding what it is to act as a citizen. It is then argued (...)
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  24. Elinor Mason (1999). Do Consequentialists Have One Thought Too Many? Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (3):243-261.score: 30.0
    In this paper I defend consequentialism against the objection that consequentialists are alienated from their personal relationships through having inappropriate motivational states. This objection is one interpretation of Williams' claim that consequentialists will have "one thought too many". Consequentialists should cultivate dispositions to act from their concern for others. I argue that having such a disposition is consistent with a belief in consequentialism and constitutes an appropriate attitude to personal relationships. If the consequentialist has stable beliefs that friendship is justifiable (...)
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  25. Elinor Mason (2003). Consequentialism and the "Ought Implies Can" Principle. American Philosophical Quarterly 40 (4):319 - 331.score: 30.0
    It seems that the debate between objective and subjective consequentialists might be resolved by appealing to the ought implies can principle. Howard-Snyder has suggested that if one does not know how to do something, cannot do it, and thus one cannot have an obligation to do it. I argue that this depends on an overly rich conception of ability, and that we need to look beyond the ought implies can principle to answer the question. Once we do so, it appears (...)
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  26. Andrew Mason (1997). Special Obligations to Compatriots. Ethics 107 (3):427-447.score: 30.0
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  27. Kelby Mason, Daniel Kelly & Dennis Whitcomb, Intentionality - Naturalization Of.score: 30.0
    States that are about things are intentional, that is, they have content. The precise nature of intentional states is a matter of dispute.What makes some states, but not others, intentional? Of those states that are intentional, what makes them about what they are about as opposed to something else, i.e. what gives them their specific content?
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  28. Elinor Mason (2005). We Make No Promises. Philosophical Studies 123 (1-2):33 - 46.score: 30.0
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  29. Jacqueline Mariña & Franklin Mason (2001). Aristotle as A-Theorist: Overcoming the Myth of Passage. Journal of the History of Philosophy 39 (2):169-192.score: 30.0
    Debate about the nature of time has been dominated by discussion of two issues: the reality of absolute time and the reality of A-series. We argue that Aristotle adopts a form of the A-theory entailing a denial of the reality of absolute time. Furthermore, Aristotle's denial of absolute time is linked to a denial of the reality of pure temporal becoming, namely, the idea that the now moves through a fixed continuum along which events are arranged in chronological order. We (...)
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  30. Michelle Mason (2003). Contempt as a Moral Attitude. Ethics 113 (2):234-272.score: 30.0
    Despite contemporary moral philosophers' renewed attention to the moral significance of emotions, the attitudinal repertoire with which they equip the mature moral agent remains stunted. One attitude moral philosophers neglect (if not disown) is contempt. While acknowledging the nastiness of contempt, I here correct the neglect by providing an account of the moral psychology of contempt. In the process, I defend the moral propriety of certain tokens of properly person-focused contempt against some prominent objections -- among them, objections stemming from (...)
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  31. Andrew Mason (2001). Egalitarianism and the Levelling Down Objection. Analysis 61 (3):246–254.score: 30.0
    In an important piece of work Derek Parfit distinguishes two different forms of egalitarianism, ‘Deontic’ and ‘Telic’ (Parfit 1995; see also Parfit 1997). He contrasts these with what he calls the Priority View, which is not strictly a form of egalitarianism at all, since it is not essentially concerned with how well off people are relative to each other. His main aim is to generate an adequate taxonomy of the positions available, but in the process he draws attention to some (...)
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  32. Morris J. Morgan, A. J. S. Mason & J. A. Solomon (1997). Blindsight in Normal Subjects? Nature 385:401-2.score: 30.0
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  33. By Andrew Mason (2004). Equality of Opportunity and Differences in Social Circumstances. Philosophical Quarterly 54 (216):368–388.score: 30.0
    It is often supposed that the point of equality of opportunity is to create a level playing-field. This is understood in different ways, however. A common proposal is what I call the neutralization view: that people's social circumstances should not differentially affect their life chances in any serious way. I raise problems with this view, before developing an alternative conception of equal opportunity which allows some variations in social circumstances to create differences in life prospects. The meritocratic conception which I (...)
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  34. Franklin Mason (2000). How Not to Prove the Existence of 'Atomless Gunk'. Ratio 13 (2):175–185.score: 30.0
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  35. Andrew Mason (2001). Equality of Opportunity, Old and New. Ethics 111 (4):760-781.score: 30.0
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  36. Elinor Mason (1998). Can an Indirect Consequentialist Be a Real Friend? Ethics 108 (2):386-393.score: 30.0
  37. Rebecca Mason (2011). Two Kinds of Unknowing. Hypatia 26 (2):294-307.score: 30.0
    Miranda Fricker claims that a “gap” in collective hermeneutical resources with respect to the social experiences of marginalized groups prevents members of those groups from understanding their own experiences (Fricker 2007). I argue that because Fricker misdescribes dominant hermeneutical resources as collective, she fails to locate the ethically bad epistemic practices that maintain gaps in dominant hermeneutical resources even while alternative interpretations are in fact offered by non-dominant discourses. Fricker's analysis of hermeneutical injustice does not account for the possibility that (...)
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  38. Michelle Mason (2001). Moral Prejudice and Aesthetic Deformity: Rereading Hume's "of the Standard of Taste&Quot;. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 59 (1):59-71.score: 30.0
    Despite appeals to Hume in debates over moralism in art criticism, we lack an adequate account of Hume’s moralist aesthetics, as presented in “Of the Standard of Taste.” I illuminate that aesthetics by pursuing a problem, the moral prejudice dilemma, that arises from a tension between the “freedom from prejudice” Hume requires of aesthetic judges and what he says about the relevance of moral considerations to art evaluation. I disarm the dilemma by investigating the taxonomy of prejudices by which Hume (...)
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  39. Carolyn Mason (2006). Internal Reasons and Practical Limits on Rational Deliberation. Philosophical Explorations 9 (2):163 – 177.score: 30.0
    Could someone who wants a gin and tonic have a normative reason to drink petrol and tonic? Bernard Williams and Michael Smith both say, 'No'. They argue that what an agent has normative reason to do is determined by rational deliberation that involves correcting the agent's beliefs and current motivations. On such an account of normative reasons, an agent who is motivated to act in some way due to a false belief does not have reason to act in that way. (...)
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  40. Elinor Mason (2005). Moral Responsibility. Philosophical Books 46 (4):343-353.score: 30.0
    In this account of recent work on moral responsibility I shall try to disen- tangle various different sorts of question about moral responsibility. In brief, the tangle includes questions about whether we have free will, questions about whether moral responsibility is compatible with free will, and questions about what moral responsibility involves. As far as possible I will ignore the first sort of question, be as brief as possible on the second sort of question, and focus on the third question. (...)
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  41. Gilbert Harman, Kelby Mason & Walter Sinnott-Armstrong (2010). Moral Reasoning. In John Michael Doris (ed.), The Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford University Press.score: 30.0
    What is moral reasoning? For that matter, what is any sort of reasoning? Let me begin by making a few distinctions. First, there is a distinction between reasoning as something that that people do and the abstract structures of proof or “argument” that are the subject matter of formal logic. I will be mainly concerned with reasoning in the first sense, reasoning that people do. Second, there is a distinction between moral reasoning with other people and moral reasoning by and (...)
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  42. Elinor Mason (2007). Rationality and Morality: Thoughts on Unprincipled Virtue. [REVIEW] Philosophical Studies 134 (3):441 - 448.score: 30.0
  43. Elinor Mason (2002). Against Blameless Wrongdoing. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 5 (3):287-303.score: 30.0
    I argue against the standard view that it is possible to describe extensionally different consequentialist theories by describing different evaluative focal points. I argue that for consequentialist purposes, the important sense of the word act must include all motives and side effects, and thus these things cannot be separated.
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  44. Franklin Mason (2006). What is Presentism? Southern Journal of Philosophy 44 (1):107-128.score: 30.0
    Presentism has received much scrutiny of late, yet little has been said of its definition. Many assume that it means simply that all that exists, exists at present. However, this definition will not do. It is defective in a multiplicity of ways. I consider and reject each of a number of intuitive ways in which to amend it. Each carries us a bit closer to our goal, but not until the end do we reach a definition that is wholly satisfactory. (...)
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  45. Mark Mason (2008). Complexity Theory and the Philosophy of Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 40 (1):4–18.score: 30.0
    This volume provides an accessible theoretical introduction to the topic of complexity theory while considering its broader implications for educational change.
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  46. Elinor Mason, Value Pluralism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 30.0
  47. Andrew D. Mason (1990). Autonomy, Liberalism and State Neutrality. Philosophical Quarterly 40 (161):433-452.score: 30.0
  48. Andrew Mason (1990). On Explaining Political Disagreement: The Notion of an Essentially Contested Concept. Inquiry 33 (1):81 – 98.score: 30.0
    Although the notion of an essentially contested concept may shed light on the logic of disputes over the proper application of some key political terms, it nevertheless plays no genuine role in explaining the intractability of these disputes. The notion of an essentially contested concept is defended against some influential criticisms, showing how it is possible for one conception of an essentially contested concept to be justifiably regarded as superior to other competing conceptions. Two possible answers are distinguished to the (...)
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  49. E. Mason (2008). Intricate Ethics. Philosophical Review 117 (4):621-623.score: 30.0
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  50. Elinor Mason (2007). The Nature of Pleasure: A Critique of Feldman. Utilitas 19 (3):379-387.score: 30.0
    In these remarks on Feldman's recent book, Pleasure and the Good Life, I concentrate on Feldman's account of pleasure as attitudinal. I argue that an account of pleasure according to which pleasure need not have any feel is implausible. I suggest that Feldman could avoid this problem but retain the advantages of his attitudinal hedonism by giving an account of the attitude such that the attitude has a feel.
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