Search results for 'Health Services Research' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Anne Townsend & Susan M. Cox (2013). Accessing Health Services Through the Back Door: A Qualitative Interview Study Investigating Reasons Why People Participate in Health Research in Canada. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 14 (1):40.score: 645.0
    Although there is extensive information about why people participate in clinical trials, studies are largely based on quantitative evidence and typically focus on single conditions. Over the last decade investigations into why people volunteer for health research have become increasingly prominent across diverse research settings, offering variable based explanations of participation patterns driven primarily by recruitment concerns. Therapeutic misconception and altruism have emerged as predominant themes in this literature on motivations to participate in health research. (...)
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  2. Jennifer Hunter, Katherine Corcoran, Stephen Leeder & Kerryn Phelps (2013). Is It Time to Abandon Paper? The Use of Emails and the Internet for Health Services Research – a Cost‐Effectiveness and Qualitative Study. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (5):855-861.score: 630.0
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  3. A. Miles MSc MPhil PhD, P. Bentley Phd Frcp Frcpath, A. Polychronis Mb Chb, J. Grey Phd Mrcp & N. Price Ba (1998). Recent Progress in Health Services Research: On the Need for Evidence‐Based Debate. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 4 (4):257-265.score: 630.0
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  4. Marilyn J. Held PhD & Kathleen N. Lohr PhD (1995). Health Services Research: An Expanding Field of Inquiry. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 1 (1):61-65.score: 534.0
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  5. Eileen P. Anderson‐Fye & Jerry Floersch (2011). “I'm Not Your Typical 'Homework Stresses Me Out' Kind of Girl”: Psychological Anthropology in Research on College Student Usage of Psychiatric Medications and Mental Health Services. Ethos 39 (4):501-521.score: 519.0
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  6. Vickie M. Mays (2012). Research Challenges and Bioethics Responsibilities in the Aftermath of the Presidential Apology to the Survivors of the U. S. Public Health Services Syphilis Study at Tuskegee. Ethics and Behavior 22 (6):419-430.score: 488.0
    In 1997 President Clinton apologized to the survivors of the U.S. Public Health Service Syphilis Study. Since then, two of his recommendations have received little attention. First, he emphasized the need to remember the shameful past so we can build a better future for racial'ethnic minority populations. Second, he directed the creation in partnership with higher education to prepare training materials that would instruct biomedical researchers on the application of ethical principles to research with racial/ethnic minority populations. This (...)
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  7. J. Cassell (2002). Why We Should Not Seek Individual Informed Consent for Participation in Health Services Research. Journal of Medical Ethics 28 (5):313-317.score: 450.0
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  8. Steven C. Hill, Samuel H. Zuvekas & Marc W. Zodet (2011). Implications of the Accuracy of MEPS Prescription Drug Data for Health Services Research. Inquiry 48 (3):242-259.score: 450.0
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  9. Daniel A. Albert (1997). Health Services Research and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Reciprocal Relationship. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 41 (3):327-340.score: 450.0
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  10. M. J. Field & K. N. Lohr (1995). Health Services Research: An Expanding Field of Inquiry. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 1 (1):61.score: 450.0
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  11. Kathleen N. Lohr (1996). The Role of Research in Setting Priorities for Health Care. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2 (1):79-82.score: 360.0
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  12. Geoffrey M. Lairumbi, Michael Parker, Raymond Fitzpatrick & English C. Mike (2011). Stakeholders Understanding of the Concept of Benefit Sharing in Health Research in Kenya: A Qualitative Study. BMC Medical Ethics 12 (1):20.score: 354.0
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  13. Sandra J. Tanenbaum (2011). Mental Health Consumer-Operated Services Organizations in the US: Citizenship as a Core Function and Strategy for Growth. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 19 (2):192-205.score: 342.0
    Consumer-operated services organizations (COSOs) are independent, non-profit organizations that provide peer support and other non-clinical services to seriously mentally ill people. Mental health consumers provide many of these services and make up at least a majority of the organization’s leadership. Although the dominant conception of the COSO is as an adjunct to clinical care in the public mental health system, this paper reconceives the organization as a civic association and thereby a locus of citizenship. Drawing (...)
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  14. Miriam Bentwich (2012). It's About Scientific Secrecy, Dummy: A Better Equilibrium Among Genomics Patenting, Scientific Research and Health Care. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 18 (2):263-284.score: 333.0
    This paper offers a different pragmatic and patent-based approach to concerns regarding the negative effects of genetic-based patenting on advancing scientific research and providing adequate and accessible health care services. At the basis of this approach lies an explication of a mandatory provisional patented paper procedure (PPPA), designed for genetic-based patents and administered by leading scientific journals in the field, while officially acknowledged by the USPTO, and subsequently by other patent offices as well. It is argued that (...)
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  15. Maria W. Merritt (2011). Health Researchers' Ancillary Care Obligations in Low-Resource Settings: How Can We Tell What is Morally Required? Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21 (4):311-347.score: 306.0
    Health researchers working in low-resource settings routinely encounter serious unmet health needs for which research participants have, at best, limited treatment options through the local health system (Taylor, Merritt, and Mullany 2011). A recent case discussion features a study conducted in Bamako, Mali (Dickert and Wendler 2009). The study objective was to see whether children with severe malaria develop pulmonary hypertension in order to improve the general understanding of morbidity and mortality associated with malaria. In the (...)
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  16. Sassy Molyneux, Stephen Mulupi, Lairumbi Mbaabu & Vicki Marsh (2012). Benefits and Payments for Research Participants: Experiences and Views From a Research Centre on the Kenyan Coast. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):13-.score: 306.0
    BackgroundThere is general consensus internationally that unfair distribution of the benefits of research is exploitative and should be avoided or reduced. However, what constitutes fair benefits, and the exact nature of the benefits and their mode of provision can be strongly contested. Empirical studies have the potential to contribute viewpoints and experiences to debates and guidelines, but few have been conducted. We conducted a study to support the development of guidelines on benefits and payments for studies conducted by the (...)
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  17. Dean M. Harris (2011). Ethics in Health Services and Policy: A Global Approach. Jossey-Bass.score: 297.0
    Machine generated contents note: Introduction. -- Acknowledgments. -- The Author. -- 1 Ethical Theories and Bioethics in a Global Perspective. -- Theories of Ethics. -- Are Theories of Ethics Global? -- Can Theories of Ethics Encourage People to Do the Right Thing? -- 2 Autonomy and Informed Consent in Global Perspective. -- Ethical Principles and Practical Issues of Informed Consent. -- Does Informed Consent Really Matter to Patients? -- Is Informed Consent a Universal Principle or a Cultural Value? -- 3 (...)
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  18. Nathan M. Gerard (2010). A Diagnosis of Conflict: Theoretical Barriers to Integration in Mental Health Services & Their Philosophical Undercurrents. [REVIEW] Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine 5 (1):4.score: 297.0
    This paper examines the philosophical substructure to the theoretical conflicts that permeate contemporary mental health care in the UK. Theoretical conflicts are treated here as those that arise among practitioners holding divergent theoretical orientations towards the phenomena being treated. Such conflicts, although steeped in history, have become revitalized by recent attempts at integrating mental health services that have forced diversely trained practitioners to work collaboratively together, often under one roof. Part I of this paper examines how the (...)
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  19. Lillian Lillemoen & Reidar Pedersen (2013). Ethics in Municipal Health Services: Working Systematically with, and Developing Competence in Ethics. Clinical Ethics 8 (1):19-28.score: 297.0
    The Norwegian Parliament has decided to give priority to ethics in municipal health services. This priority is supposed to raise competence in ethics within municipal health services. As part of the national project, the participating municipalities were encouraged to develop and carry out local projects. In this article, we present a local ethics project in one of the participating municipalities in central eastern Norway. The local project for raising competence in ethics was carried out in cooperation (...)
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  20. L. S. Gittner, M. J. Roach, G. Kikano, S. Grey & N. V. Dawson (2011). Health Service Research: The Square Peg in Human Subjects Protection Regulations. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (2):118-122.score: 292.0
    Protection of human participants is a fundamental facet of biomedical research. We report the activities of a health service research study in which there were three institutional review boards (IRBs), three legal departments and one research administration department providing recommendations and mandating changes in the study methods. Complying with IRB requirements can be challenging, but can also adversely affect study outcomes. Multiple protocol changes mandated from multiple IRBs created a research method that was not reflective (...)
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  21. Michael Calnan, David Wainwright, Peter Glasner, Ruth Newbury-Ecob & Ewan Ferlie (2006). 'Medicine's Next Goldmine?' The Implications of New Genetic Health Technologies for the Health Service. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 9 (1):33-41.score: 280.0
    There is considerable uncertainty about the implications of the new genetics for health services. These are the enthusiasts who argue that molecular genetics will transform health care and others argue that the scope for genetic interventions is limited. The aim of this paper is to examine some of the questions, tensions and difficulties which face health care providers particularly in developed countries as they try to come to terms with the dilemmas raised by new genetic (...) care technologies (NGHTs). It identifies questions for research which may help the development of robust and flexible strategies for implementation. (shrink)
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  22. Lisa Cacari-Stone & Magdalena Avila (2012). Rethinking Research Ethics for Latinos: The Policy Paradox of Health Reform and the Role of Social Justice. Ethics and Behavior 22 (6):445-460.score: 267.0
    This article discusses the paradox of exclusion/inclusion: U.S. health policy prohibits Latinos who fall under certain classifications from accessing health services and insurance yet permits them to be ?human subjects? in health research. We aim to advance the discussion of health research ethics post the Tuskegee syphilis experiment in Latinos by (a) tracing the impacts of policy exclusion and the social context of anti-Latino sentiment on Latinos' low participation rates in health (...) and inequitable access to treatment modalities; (b) challenging researchers to address social sources of vulnerabilities; and (c) offering recommendations on adapting a social justice ethical stance to address these challenges, which are part of the Tuskegee Study legacy. (shrink)
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  23. John R. Thompson, Gill M. Grimshaw, Andrew D. Wilson & Richard Baker (1999). Research Letter: Screening for Diabetic Retinopathy: A Survey of Health Authorities During a Period of Transition. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5 (1):81-85.score: 264.0
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  24. Norman Daniels (1985). Just Health Care. Cambridge University Press.score: 261.0
    How should medical services be distributed within society? Who should pay for them? Is it right that large amounts should be spent on sophisticated new technology and expensive operations, or would the resources be better employed in, for instance, less costly preventive measures? These and others are the questions addreses in this book. Norman Daniels examines some of the dilemmas thrown up by conflicting demands for medical attention, and goes on to advance a theory of justice in the distribution (...)
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  25. Gina Bravo, Marcel Arcand, Daniele Blanchette, Anne-Marie Boire-Lavigne, Marie-France Dubois, Maryse Guay, Paule Hottin, Julie Lane, Judith Lauzon & Suzanne Bellemare (2012). Promoting Advance Planning for Health Care and Research Among Older Adults: A Randomized Controlled Trial. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 13 (1):1-.score: 261.0
    Background: Family members are often required to act as substitute decision-makers when health care or research participation decisions must be made for an incapacitated relative. Yet most families are unable to accurately predict older adult preferences regarding future health care and willingness to engage in research studies. Discussion and documentation of preferences could improve proxies' abilities to decide for their loved ones. This trial assesses the efficacy of an advance planning intervention in improving the accuracy of (...)
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  26. Laura Weiss Roberts, Catherine Bruss, Christiane Brems, Mark E. Johnson, Sarah Dewane & Jane Smikowski (2009). Community-Based Participatory Research for Improved Mental Health. Ethics and Behavior 19 (6):461-478.score: 261.0
    Community-based participatory research (CBPR) focuses on specific community needs, and produces results that directly address those needs. Although conducting ethical CBPR is critical to its success, few academic programs include this training in their curricula. This article describes the development and evaluation of an online training course designed to increase the use of CBPR in mental health disciplines. Developed using a participatory approach involving a community of experts, this course challenges traditional research by introducing a collaborative process (...)
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  27. A. M. Slowther, L. McClimans & C. Price (2012). Development of Clinical Ethics Services in the UK: A National Survey. Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (4):210-214.score: 261.0
    Background In 2001 a report on the provision of clinical ethics support in UK healthcare institutions identified 20 clinical ethics committees. Since then there has been no systematic evaluation or documentation of their work at a national level. Recent national surveys of clinical ethics services in other countries have identified wide variation in practice and scope of activities. Objective To describe the current provision of ethics support in the UK and its development since 2001. Method A postal/electronic questionnaire survey (...)
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  28. Jane Smikowski, Sarah Dewane, Mark E. Johnson, Christiane Brems, Catherine Bruss & Laura Weiss Roberts (2009). Community-Based Participatory Research for Improved Mental Health. Ethics and Behavior 19 (6):461 – 478.score: 261.0
    Community-based participatory research (CBPR) focuses on specific community needs, and produces results that directly address those needs. Although conducting ethical CBPR is critical to its success, few academic programs include this training in their curricula. This article describes the development and evaluation of an online training course designed to increase the use of CBPR in mental health disciplines. Developed using a participatory approach involving a community of experts, this course challenges traditional research by introducing a collaborative process (...)
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  29. J. Wisely & J. Lilleyman (2007). Implementing the District Hospital Recommendations for the National Health Service Research Ethics Service in England. Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (3):168-168.score: 243.3
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  30. Susan Moscou (2008). The Conceptualization and Operationalization of Race and Ethnicity by Health Services Researchers. Nursing Inquiry 15 (2):94-105.score: 243.3
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  31. Kayte Spector‐Bagdady (2013). Public Health Service Research in Guatemala: Toward New Scholarship. Hastings Center Report 43 (4):3-3.score: 243.3
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  32. Donald J. Willison, Nancy Ondrusek, Angus Dawson, Claudia Emerson, Lorraine E. Ferris, Raphael Saginur, Heather Sampson & Ross Upshur (2014). What Makes Public Health Studies Ethical? Dissolving the Boundary Between Research and Practice. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):61.score: 241.0
    The generation of evidence is integral to the work of public health and health service providers. Traditionally, ethics has been addressed differently in research projects, compared with other forms of evidence generation, such as quality improvement, program evaluation, and surveillance, with review of non-research activities falling outside the purview of the research ethics board. However, the boundaries between research and these other evaluative activities are not distinct. Efforts to delineate a boundary – whether on (...)
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  33. Mary Boulton, Ray Fitzpatrick & Clare Swinburn (1996). Qualitative Research in Health Care: II. A Structured Review and Evaluation of Studies. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 2 (3):171-179.score: 237.3
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  34. Wiebke Bretschneider & Bernice Simone Elger (2014). Expert Perspectives on Western European Prison Health Services: Do Ageing Prisoners Receive Equivalent Care? Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (3):319-332.score: 237.0
    Health care in prison and particularly the health care of older prisoners are increasingly important topics due to the growth of the ageing prisoner population. The aim of this paper is to gain insight into the approaches used in the provision of equivalent health care to ageing prisoners and to confront the intuitive definition of equivalent care and the practical and ethical challenges that have been experienced by individuals working in this field. Forty interviews took place with (...)
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  35. Enric J. Novella (2008). Theoretical Accounts on Deinstitutionalization and the Reform of Mental Health Services: A Critical Review. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 11 (3):303-314.score: 230.0
    This article offers a comprehensive critical review of the most popular theoretical accounts on the recent processes of deinstitutionalization and reform of mental health services and their possible underlying factors, focusing in the sharp contrast between the straightforward ideas and models maintained by mainstream psychiatry and the different interpretations delivered by authors coming from the social sciences or applying conceptual tools stemming from diverse social theories. Since all these appraisals tend to illuminate only some aspects of the process (...)
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  36. Rachel Davis, Merrillee Briggs, Sonal Arora, Rachel Moss & David Schwappach (2014). Predictors of Health Care Professionals' Attitudes Towards Involvement in Safety‐Relevant Behaviours. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 20 (1):12-19.score: 225.0
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  37. Paul J. Barr, James C. McElnay & Carmel M. Hughes (2012). Connected Health Care: The Future of Health Care and the Role of the Pharmacist. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (1):56-62.score: 225.0
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  38. R. G. Fuentes, F. E. Espejo, J. P. Avila, D. B. Verdessi, J. C. Gonzalez & A. C. Azevedo (1999). Research Letter: Pre‐Hospital Care in Valparaíso – an Integrated Emergency Network Within the San Antonio Regional Health Service in Chile. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 5 (1):87-91.score: 225.0
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  39. Carmel M. Martin (2011). Distortions, Belief and Sense Making in Complex Adaptive Systems for Health. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (2):387-388.score: 225.0
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  40. Carmel M. Martin (2013). Health Systems Innovation: Addressing the Dynamics of Multilayered 'Complex Bundles' of Knowledge. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (6):1085-1086.score: 225.0
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  41. William L. Freeman (1994). Making Research Consent Forms Informative and Understandable: The Experience of the Indian Health Service. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (04):510-.score: 225.0
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  42. Richard Byng & Roger Jones (2004). Mental Health Link: The Development and Formative Evaluation of a Complex Intervention to Improve Shared Care for Patients with Long‐Term Mental Illness. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 10 (1):27-36.score: 225.0
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  43. Sandra Soo-Jin Lee (2012). Lessons Learned From the U.S. Public Health Service Syphilis Study at Tuskegee: Incorporating a Discourse on Relationships Into the Ethics of Research Participation Among Asian Americans. Ethics and Behavior 22 (6):489-492.score: 225.0
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  44. Carmel M. Martin & Margot Félix‐Bortolotti (2010). W(H)Ither Complexity? The Emperor's New Toolkit? Or Elucidating the Evolution of Health Systems Knowledge? Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (3):415-420.score: 225.0
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  45. Terri O'Brien & Stephen Ackroyd (2012). Understanding the Recruitment and Retention of Overseas Nurses: Realist Case Study Research in National Health Service Hospitals in the UK. Nursing Inquiry 19 (1):39-50.score: 225.0
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  46. Robert S. Sikes, Ellen Paul & Steven J. Beaupre (2012). Standards for Wildlife Research: Taxon-Specific Guidelines Versus US Public Health Service Policy. BioScience 62 (9):830-834.score: 225.0
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  47. Tong‐wei Yang & En‐Chang Li (2014). Ethical Study on the Reform and Development of Medical and Health Services in China. Bioethics 28 (9):n/a-n/a.score: 224.0
    At an early stage of its foundation, new China became clear about the nature of public welfare and quickly developed medical and health services, which was well received by the World Health Organization. The marketization and the reduction of input into medical and health services from the 1980s created severe adverse consequences. After the SARS' outbreak in 2003, China started to give serious consideration to its medical and health system, and to work at developing (...)
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  48. Peter Allmark (2005). Bayes and Health Care Research. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 7 (3):321-332.score: 222.0
    Bayes’ rule shows how one might rationally change one’s beliefs in the light of evidence. It is the foundation of a statistical method called Bayesianism. In health care research, Bayesianism has its advocates but the dominant statistical method is frequentism. There are at least two important philosophical differences between these methods. First, Bayesianism takes a subjectivist view of probability (i.e. that probability scores are statements of subjective belief, not objective fact) whilst frequentism takes an objectivist view. Second, Bayesianism (...)
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  49. Milton I. Roemer (forthcoming). " Socialized" Health Services in Saskatchewan. Social Research.score: 219.0
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  50. Christian Simon & Maghboeba Mosavel (2010). Exploratory Health Disparities Research: The Need to Provide a Tangible Benefit to Vulnerable Respondents. Ethics and Behavior 20 (1):1-9.score: 211.0
    This article examines the responsibilities of researchers who conduct exploratory research to provide a service to vulnerable respondents. The term “service” is used to denote the provision of a tangible benefit in relation to the research question that is apart from the altruistic research benefits. This article explores what this “service” could look like, who might be responsible for providing it, and the challenges associated with such a service. The article argues that not providing a tangible benefit (...)
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