Search results for 'Helen Gaylard' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Helen Gaylard & Allan Ramsay (2004). Relevant Answers to WH-Questions. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 13 (2):173-186.score: 240.0
    We consider two issues relating to WH-questions:(i) when you ask aWH-question you already have a description of the entity you are interested in,namely the description embodied in the question itself. You may evenhave very direct access to the entity – see (1) below.In general, what you want is an alternative description of some item thatyou already know a certain amount about.
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  2. C. A. Helen (2009). On Your Head Be It Sworn: Oath and Virtue in Euripides'Helen. Classical Quarterly 59:1-7.score: 120.0
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  3. Gerald Gaylard (2010). African Realism: The Reception and Transculturation of Western Literary Realism in Africa. Journal of Critical Realism 9 (3):276-298.score: 30.0
    A study of the reception and utilization of realism in literature outside of Europe during and after the nineteenth century, the area and period of its prominence, grants us some insight into how theories, practices and cultures travel and change in the process. In particular, it allows us to see how realism has been relativized in such a way as to open up the possibilities of redefinition of the notion and practice and moving beyond them. For these reasons I am (...)
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  4. M. Gaylard (1995). New Horizons in the Philosophy of Science. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (4):248-248.score: 30.0
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  5. William J. Rapaport (2006). How Helen Keller Used Syntactic Semantics to Escape From a Chinese Room. Minds and Machines 16 (4):381-436.score: 18.0
    A computer can come to understand natural language the same way Helen Keller did: by using “syntactic semantics”—a theory of how syntax can suffice for semantics, i.e., how semantics for natural language can be provided by means of computational symbol manipulation. This essay considers real-life approximations of Chinese Rooms, focusing on Helen Keller’s experiences growing up deaf and blind, locked in a sort of Chinese Room yet learning how to communicate with the outside world. Using the (...)
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  6. Uwe Steinhoff (2013). Helen Frowe’s “Practical Account of Self-Defence”: A Critique. Public Reason 5 (1):87-96.score: 18.0
    Helen Frowe has recently offered what she calls a “practical” account of self-defense. Her account is supposed to be practical by being subjectivist about permissibility and objectivist about liability. I shall argue here that Frowe first makes up a problem that does not exist and then fails to solve it. To wit, her claim that objectivist accounts of permissibility cannot be action-guiding is wrong; and her own account of permissibility actually retains an objectivist (in the relevant sense) element. In (...)
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  7. Jason Ford (2011). Helen Keller Was Never in a Chinese Room. Minds and Machines 21 (1):57-72.score: 18.0
    William Rapaport, in “How Helen Keller used syntactic semantics to escape from a Chinese Room,” (Rapaport 2006), argues that Helen Keller was in a sort of Chinese Room, and that her subsequent development of natural language fluency illustrates the flaws in Searle’s famous Chinese Room Argument and provides a method for developing computers that have genuine semantics (and intentionality). I contend that his argument fails. In setting the problem, Rapaport uses his own preferred definitions of semantics and syntax, (...)
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  8. Marilyn Bailey Ogilvie (2007). Inbreeding, Eugenics, and Helen Dean King (1869-1955). Journal of the History of Biology 40 (3):467 - 507.score: 18.0
    Helen Dean King's scientific work focused on inbreeding using experimental data collected from standardized laboratory rats to elucidate problems in human heredity. The meticulous care with which she carried on her inbreeding experiments assured that her results were dependable and her theoretical explanations credible. By using her nearly homozygous rats as desired commodities, she also was granted access to venues and people otherwise unavailable to her as a woman. King's scientific career was made possible through her life experiences. She (...)
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  9. Helen E. Longino (1997). Feminist Epistemology as a Local Epistemology: Helen E. Longino. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):19–36.score: 12.0
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  10. William Rapaport (2011). Yes, She Was! Reply to Ford’s “Helen KellerWas Never in a Chinese Room”. Minds and Machines 21 (1):3-17.score: 12.0
    Ford’s <span class='Hi'>Helen</span> <span class='Hi'>Keller</span> Was Never in a Chinese Room claims that my argument in How <span class='Hi'>Helen</span> <span class='Hi'>Keller</span> Used Syntactic Semantics to Escape from a Chinese Room fails because Searle and I use the terms ‘syntax’ and ‘semantics’ differently, hence are at cross purposes. Ford has misunderstood me; this reply clarifies my theory.
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  11. Michael Huemer (2004). Elusive Freedom? A Reply to Helen Beebee. Philosophical Review 113 (3):411-416.score: 12.0
    I defend my earlier argument for incompatibilism, against Helen Beebee’s reply. Beebee’s reply would allow one to have free will despite that nothing one does counts as an exercise of that freedom, and would grant one the ability to do A even when one’s doing A requires something to happen that one cannot bring about and that in fact will not happen.
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  12. Edward H. Sisson, A Dialog Between a Senator and a Scientist on Themes of Government Power, Science, Faith, Morality, and the Origin and Evolution of Life: Helen Astartian.score: 12.0
    Plato, in his dialog Charmides, presents the question of how society can determine whether a person who claims superior expertise in a particular field of knowledge does, in fact, possess superior expertise. In the modern era, society tends to answer this question by funding institutions (universities) that award credentials to certain individuals, asserting that those individuals possess a particular expertise; and then other institutions (the journalistic media and government) are expected to defer to the credentials. When, however, the sequential reasoning (...)
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  13. Justin Leiber (1996). Helen Keller as Cognitive Scientist. Philosophical Psychology 9 (4):419 – 440.score: 12.0
    Nature's experiments in isolation—the wild boy of Aveyron, Genie, their name is hardly legion—are by their nature illusive. Helen Keller, blind and deaf from her 18th month and isolated from language until well into her sixth year, presents a unique case in that every stage in her development was carefully recorded and she herself, graduate of Radcliffe College and author of 14 books, gave several careful and insightful accounts of her linguistic development and her cognitive and sensory situation. (...)
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  14. Helen Beebee (2007). Humes Old and New: Peter Millican and Helen Beebee: The Two Definitions and the Doctrine of Necessity. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 107:413 - 431.score: 12.0
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  15. Andrea Hurst (2003). Helen and Heidegger: Disabled Dasein, Language and Others. South African Journal of Philosophy 22 (1):98-112.score: 12.0
    Both Heidegger's Being and Time and Helen Keller's The Story of my Life address the problem of what it means for humans to be optimally human. In reading these texts together, I hope to show that Helen's life-story confirms Heidegger's existential analyses to some extent, but also, importantly, poses a challenge to them with respect to the interrelated issues of disability, language and others. Heidegger's hermeneutic explication of what it means to be human is intended to uncover supposedly (...)
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  16. Hilton Kelly (2012). “Just Something Gone, But Nothing Missing”: Booker T. Washington, Nannie Helen Burroughs, and the Social Significance of Black Teachers Theorizing Across Two Centuries. Educational Studies 48 (3):215-219.score: 12.0
    (2012). “Just Something Gone, But Nothing Missing”: Booker T. Washington, Nannie Helen Burroughs, and the Social Significance of Black Teachers Theorizing Across Two Centuries. Educational Studies: Vol. 48, Black Teachers Theorizing, pp. 215-219.
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  17. Derek Morgan (2001). The Bleak House of Surrogacy: Broidy V. St Helen's and Knowsley Health Authority. [REVIEW] Feminist Legal Studies 9 (1):57-67.score: 12.0
    This note examines the British case of Broidy v. St Helen's andKnowsley Health Authority in which Margaret Broidy was unsuccessful in anegligence action against the defendant Health Authority following an emergency caesareanoperation in which a hysterectomy had been performed as `essential'. Of particularfeminist interest is the fact that Broidy's claim for, inter alia, the costs of asurrogacy arrangement to be carried out in California was refused on the basis that it wasnot reasonable – the chances of success of the (...)
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  18. Helene P. Foley (2006). Euripides' Escape-Tragedies: A Study of Helen, Andromeda, and Iphigenia Among the Taurians (Review). American Journal of Philology 127 (3):465-469.score: 10.0
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  19. K. H., Helene A. Kelleder & W. J. Greenstreet (1893). Helen Keller. Mind 2 (6):280-284.score: 10.0
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  20. R. H. K., De Helene A. Keller & W. J. Greenstreet (1893). Helen Keller. Mind 2 (6):280 - 284.score: 10.0
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  21. Anne-Lise Worms (2010). La beauté d'Hélène ou la médiation du Beau dans les Traités 31 (V,8) et 48 (III,3) de Plotin. Methodos 10.score: 10.0
    Lorsqu’il fait référence, dans les traités 31 (V,8) et 48 (III,3) à la beauté d’Hélène, Plotin reprend un topos de la littérature grecque antique. Après avoir rappelé les différentes interprétations de cette figure controversée, on examine ici la façon dont Plotin, tout en rejoignant certaines de ces interprétations, retravaille ce topos (dans le cadre de sa polémique contre les Gnostiques) pour lui donner un sens nouveau.
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  22. Seth Shabo (2011). Agency Without Avoidability: Defusing a New Threat to Frankfurt's Counterexample Strategy. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 41 (4):505-522.score: 9.0
    In this paper, I examine a new line of response to Frankfurt’s challenge to the traditional association of moral responsibility with the ability to do otherwise. According to this response, Frankfurt’s counterexample strategy fails, not in light of the conditions for moral responsibility per se, but in view of the conditions for action. Specifically, it is claimed, a piece of behavior counts as an action only if it is within the agent’s power to avoid performing it. In so far as (...)
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  23. Jordi Cat (2012). Essay Review:Scientific Pluralism* Stephen H. Kellert , Helen E. Longino , and C. Kenneth Waters , Eds., Scientific Pluralism . Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 19. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press (2006), Xxix+248 Pp., $50.00 (Cloth). [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 79 (2):317-325.score: 9.0
  24. Ned Hall (2001). Ontology of Mind. Helen Steward. Mind 110 (440):1123-1127.score: 9.0
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  25. Philip Kitcher (2002). The Third Way: Reflections on Helen Longino's the Fate of Knowledge. Philosophy of Science 69 (4):549-559.score: 9.0
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  26. S. Oakley (2006). Defending Lewis's Local Miracle Compatibilism. Philosophical Studies 130 (2):337-349.score: 9.0
    Helen Beebee has recently argued that David Lewis’s account of compatibilism, so-called local miracle compatibilism (LMC), allows for the possibility that agents in deterministic worlds have the ability to break or cause the breaking of a law of nature. Because Lewis’s LMC allows for this consequence, Beebee claims that LMC is untenable and subsequently that Lewis’s criticism of van Inwagen’s Consequence Argument for incompatibilism is substantially weakened. I review Beebee’s argument against Lewis’s thesis and argue that Beebee has (...)
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  27. Antony Eagle (2013). A Metaphysics For Freedom, by Helen Steward. [REVIEW] Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):833-833.score: 9.0
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  28. Uwe Steinhoff, Justifying Defense Against Non-Responsible Threats and Justified Aggressors: The Liability Vs. The Rights-Infringement Account.score: 9.0
    Even among those who find lethal defense against non-responsible threats, innocent aggressors, or justified aggressors justified even in one to one cases, there is a debate as to what the best explanation of this permissibility is. The contenders in this debate are the liability account, which holds that the non-responsible or justified human targets of the defensive measures are liable to attack (that is, they do not have a right not to be attacked), and the justified infringement account, which claims (...)
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  29. P. J. E. Kail (2008). Review: Helen Beebee: Hume on Causation. [REVIEW] Mind 117 (466):451-456.score: 9.0
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  30. Rory J. Conces (2013). Review of Helen Sword's Stylish Academic Writing. [REVIEW] Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC) Update (6):1-2.score: 9.0
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  31. Philip Kitcher (2002). Reply to Helen Longino. Philosophy of Science 69 (4):569-572.score: 9.0
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  32. S. Law (2012). The Semantics and Metaphysics of Natural Kinds Edited by Helen Beebee and Nigel Sabbarton-Leary. Analysis 72 (3):621-622.score: 9.0
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  33. Stéphanie Ruphy (2006). "Empiricism All the Way Down": A Defense of the Value-Neutrality of Science in Response to Helen Longino's Contextual Empiricism. Perspectives on Science 14 (2):189-214.score: 9.0
    : A central claim of Longino's contextual empiricism is that scientific inquiry, even when "properly conducted", lacks the capacity to screen out the influence of contextual values on its results. I'll show first that Longino's attack against the epistemic integrity of science suffers from fatal empirical weaknesses. Second I'll explain why Longino's practical proposition for suppressing biases in science, drawn from her contextual empiricism, is too demanding and, therefore, unable to serve its purpose. Finally, drawing on Bourdieu's sociological analysis of (...)
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  34. Steve Fuller (1993). Book Review:Science as Social Knowledge: Values and Objectivity in Scientific Inquiry Helen E. Longino. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 60 (2):360-.score: 9.0
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  35. John Martin Fischer (2008). My Way and Life's Highway: Replies to Steward, Smilansky, and Perry. [REVIEW] Journal of Ethics 12 (2):167 - 189.score: 9.0
    I seek to reply to the thoughtful and challenging papers by Helen Steward, Saul Smilansky, and John Perry. Steward argues that agency itself requires access to alternative possibilities; I attempt to motivate my denial of this view. I believe that her view here is no more plausible than the view (which she rejects) that it is unfair to hold someone morally responsible, unless he has genuine access to alternative possibilities. Smilansky contends that compatibilism is morally shallow, and that we (...)
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  36. W. Schmaus (1993). Book Reviews : Helen E. Longino, Science as Social Knowledge: Values and Objectivity in Scientific Inquiry. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1990. Pp. Xii, 262, $35.00 (Cloth), $13.95 (Paper. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 23 (4):562-566.score: 9.0
  37. Kirstin Borgerson (2011). Amending and Defending Critical Contextual Empiricism. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 1 (3):435-449.score: 9.0
    In Science as Social Knowledge in 1990 and The Fate of Knowledge in 2002, Helen Longino develops an epistemological theory known as Critical Contextual Empiricism (CCE). Knowledge production, she argues, is an active, value-laden practice, evidence is context dependent and relies on background assumptions, and science is a social inquiry that, under certain conditions, produces social knowledge with contextual objectivity. While Longino’s work has been generally well-received, there have been a number of criticisms of CCE raised in the philosophical (...)
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  38. J. Leech (2013). The Semantics and Metaphysics of Natural Kinds, Edited by Helen Beebee and Nigel Sabbarton-Leary. Mind 122 (485):253-257.score: 9.0
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  39. Ágnes Kovács (2012). Gender in the Substance of Chemistry, Part 2: An Agenda for Theory. Hyle 18 (2):121 - 143.score: 9.0
    Feminist science criticism has mostly focused on the theories of the life sciences, while the few studies about gender and the physical sciences locate gender in the practice, and not in the theories, of these fields. Arguably, the reason for this asymmetry is that the conceptual and methodological tools developed by (feminist) science studies are not suited to analyze the hard sciences for gender-related values in their content. My central claim is that a conceptual, rather than an empirical, analysis is (...)
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  40. David L. Hull (2008). Review of Stephen H. Kellert, Helen E. Longino, C. Kenneth Waters (Eds.), Scientific Pluralism. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2008 (5).score: 9.0
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  41. Nicholas C. Rynearson (2013). Helen, Achilles and the Psuchê: Superlative Beauty and Value in the Iliad. Intertexts 17 (1-2):3-21.score: 9.0
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  42. T. J. Kalikow (1978). Book Reviews : Civilized Man's Eight Deadly Sins. By Konrad Lorenz. Trans. Marjorie Kerr Wilson. A Helen and Kurt Wolff Book. New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., 1974. Pp. XIII + 107, $4.95. [REVIEW] Philosophy of the Social Sciences 8 (1):99-101.score: 9.0
  43. Daniel W. Graham (2001). The Order of Nature in Aristotle's Physics: Place and the Elements. Helen S. Lang. Mind 110 (440):1084-1087.score: 9.0
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  44. Harry G. Frankfurt (1959). Book Review:On Shame and the Search for Identity Helen Merrell Lynd. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 26 (1):51-.score: 9.0
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  45. H. C. Baldry (1968). Sophrosyne Helen North: Sophrosyne: Self-Knowledge and Self-Restraint in Greek Literature. (Cornell Studies in Classical Philology, Xxxv.) Pp. Xx+391. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press (London: Oxford University Press), 1966. Cloth, 80s. Net. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 18 (02):192-194.score: 9.0
  46. Gerard Magill (2007). Cooperation, Complicity & Conscience: Problems in Healthcare, Science, Law and Public Policy. Edited by Helen Watt. Heythrop Journal 48 (3):487–488.score: 9.0
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  47. David Archard (2009). The Long Life – Helen Small. Philosophical Quarterly 59 (236):568-570.score: 9.0
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  48. Richard Fumerton (2006). Review of Helen Beebee, Julian Dodd (Eds.), Truthmakers: The Contemporary Debate. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (3).score: 9.0
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