Search results for 'Henning Gibbons' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  12
    Henning Gibbons (2009). Evaluative Priming From Subliminal Emotional Words: Insights From Event-Related Potentials and Individual Differences Related to Anxiety. Consciousness and Cognition 18 (2):383-400.
    The present ERP study investigated effects of subliminal emotional words on preference judgments about subsequent visual target stimuli . Each target was preceded by a masked 17-ms emotional adjective. Four classes of prime words were distinguished according to the combinations of positive/negative valence and high/low arousal. Targets were liked significantly more after positive-arousing primes , relative to negative-arousing , positive-nonarousing , and negative-nonarousing primes . In the target ERP, amplitude of right-hemisphere positive slow wave was increased after positive-arousing compared to (...)
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  2.  30
    John Gibbons (2013). The Norm of Belief. OUP Oxford.
    John Gibbons presents a new account of epistemic normativity. Belief seems to come with a built-in set of standards or norms--truth and reasonableness, for example--but which one is the fundamental norm of belief? He explains both the norms of knowledge and of truth in terms of the fundamental norm, the one that tells you to be reasonable.
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  3. Sarah L. Gibbons (1994). Kant's Theory of Imagination: Bridging Gaps in Judgement and Experience. Oxford University Press.
    This book departs from much of the scholarship on Kant by demonstrating the centrality of imagination to Kant's philosophy as a whole. In Kant's works, human experience is simultaneously passive and active, thought and sensed, free and unfree: these dualisms are often thought of as unfortunate byproducts of his system. Gibbons, however, shows that imagination performs a vital function in "bridging gaps" between the different elements of cognition and experience. Thus, the role imagination plays in Kant's works expresses his (...)
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  4.  29
    J. Gibbons (2010). Missing the Obvious: Reply to Moon. Mind 119 (473):153-158.
    In Gibbons 2006, I presented a counterexample to epistemic internalism, the view that justification supervenes on the internal. Andrew Moon has replied to this paper, asking what generates the intuition behind the counterexample. In this note, I try to answer that question.
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  5.  4
    Christian Henning (2001). Wirklich ganz tot? Neue Gedanken zur Unsterblichkeit der Seele vor dem Hintergrund der Ganztodtheorie. Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 43 (2):236-252.
    This essay describes a problem, that German protestant theology has faced for nearly a hundred years. The problem derives from a theory of death, which spread among theologians in the first decades of the 20th century. In contradiction to traditional doctrine they interpreted death not as the moment, when the immortal soul seperates from the body, but as the moment in time, when human life comes to its absolute end. That means, they denied the idea of an immortal soul. Accordingly (...)
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  6. Reginald Gibbons (1987). Political Poetry and the Example of Ernesto Cardenal. Critical Inquiry 13 (3):648-671.
    In Latin America Cardenal is generally regarded as an enduring poet. He brought a recognizably Latin American material into his poetry, and he introduced to Spanish-language poetry in general such poetic techniques as textual collage, free verse lines shaped in Poundian fashion, and, especially, a diction that is concrete and detailed, textured with proper names and the names of things in preference to the accepted poetic language, which was more abstract, general, and vaguely symbolic. But what is notable in Spanish-language (...)
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  7. Brian Henning (2014). The Ethics of Creativity: Beauty, Morality, and Nature in a Processive Cosmos. University of Pittsburgh Press.
    A central concern of nearly every environmental ethic is its desire to extend the scope of direct moral concern beyond human beings to plants, nonhuman animals, and the systems of which they are a part. Although nearly all environmental philosophies have long since rejected modernity’s conception of individuals as isolated and independent substances, few have replaced this worldview with an alternative that is adequate to the organic, processive world in which we find ourselves. In this context, Brian G. Henning (...)
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  8. Brian Henning (2005). The Ethics of Creativity: Beauty, Morality, and Nature in a Processive Cosmos. University of Pittsburgh Press.
    A central concern of nearly every environmental ethic is its desire to extend the scope of direct moral concern beyond human beings to plants, nonhuman animals, and the systems of which they are a part. Although nearly all environmental philosophies have long since rejected modernity’s conception of individuals as isolated and independent substances, few have replaced this worldview with an alternative that is adequate to the organic, processive world in which we find ourselves. In this context, Brian G. Henning (...)
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  9.  34
    Michael Gibbons (ed.) (1994). The New Production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies. Sage Publications.
    As we approach the end of the twentieth century, the ways in which knowledge--scientific, social, and cultural--is produced are undergoing fundamental changes. In The New Production of Knowledge, a distinguished group of authors analyze these changes as marking the transition from established institutions, disciplines, practices, and policies to a new mode of knowledge production. Identifying such elements as reflexivity, transdisciplinarity, and heterogeneity within this new mode, the authors consider their impact and interplay with the role of knowledge in (...)
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  10. Tim Henning (2015). From Choice to Chance? Saving People, Fairness, and Lotteries. Philosophical Review 124 (2):169-206.
    Many authors in ethics, economics, and political science endorse the Lottery Requirement, that is, the following thesis: where different parties have equal moral claims to one indivisible good, it is morally obligatory to let a fair lottery decide which party is to receive the good. This article defends skepticism about the Lottery Requirement. It distinguishes three broad strategies of defending such a requirement: the surrogate satisfaction account, the procedural account, and the ideal consent account, and argues that none of these (...)
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  11. Tricia Striano, Anne Henning & Daniel Stahl (2006). Sensitivity to Interpersonal Timing at 3 and 6 Months of Age. Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 7 (2):251-271.
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  12. Sherman A. Lee, Jeffrey A. Gibbons & Stephen D. Short (2010). Sympathetic Reactions to the Bait Dog in a Film of Dog Fighting: The Influence of Personality and Gender. Society and Animals 18 (2):107-125.
    Media sources brought international attention to dog fighting during the Michael Vick case. Although a significant number of people who watched footage of the abused dogs used in the Vick case may have felt sympathy for them, the characteristics associated with those types of individuals are not known. The current study examined personality and gender as predictors of sympathetic reactions to the mistreatment of a bait dog depicted in a film clip. The results supported the predictions that animal-oriented sympathy, trait (...)
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  13. John Gibbons (2010). Things That Make Things Reasonable. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (2):335-361.
  14. John Gibbons (2006). Mental Causation Without Downward Causation. Philosophical Review 115 (1):79-103.
    to counterintuitive results. Suppose a mental event, m1, causes another mental event, m2. Unless the mental and the physical are completely independent, there will be a physical event in your brain or your body or the physical world as a whole that underlies this event. The mental event occurs at least partly in virtue of the physical event’s occurring. And the same goes for m2 [2] and p2. Let’s not worry about what exactly “underlying” or “in virtue of” means here. (...)
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  15.  53
    John Gibbons (2006). Access Externalism. Mind 115 (457):19-39.
    This paper argues for externalism about justification on the basis of thought experiments. I present cases in which two individuals are intrinsically and introspectively indistinguishable and in which intuitively, one is justified in believing that p while the other is not. I also examine an argument for internalism based on the ideas that we have privileged access to whether or not our own beliefs are justified and that only internalism is compatible with this privilege. I isolate what I take to (...)
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  16.  26
    Tim Henning & David P. Schweikard (eds.) (2013). Knowledge, Virtue, and Action: Putting Epistemic Virtues to Work. Routledge.
    This volume brings together recent work by leading and up-and-coming philosophers on the topic of virtue epistemology. The prospects of virtue-theoretic analyses of knowledge depend crucially on our ability to give some independent account of what epistemic virtues are and what they are _for_. The contributions here ask how epistemic virtues matter apart from any narrow concern with defining knowledge; they show how epistemic virtues figure in accounts of various aspects of our lives, with a special emphasis on (...)
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  17. Tim Henning (2011). Moral Realism and Two-Dimensional Semantics. Ethics 121 (4):717-748.
    Moral realists can, and should, allow that the truth-conditional content of moral judgments is in part attitudinal. I develop a two-dimensional semantics that embraces attitudinal content while preserving realist convictions about the independence of moral facts from our attitudes. Relative to worlds “considered as counterfactual,” moral terms rigidly track objective, response-independent properties. But relative to different ways the actual world turns out to be, they nonrigidly track whatever properties turn out to be the objects of our relevant attitudes. This theory (...)
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  18. Christoph Henning (2012). Allen Buchanan, Beyond Humanity? The Ethics of Biomedical Enhancement. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. 286 Pp. ISBN 978-0-1958781-0, Hardback, £20.00. [REVIEW] Journal of Critical Realism 11 (3):395-400.
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  19.  13
    Helga Nowotny, Peter Scott & Michael Gibbons (2003). Introduction: `Mode 2' Revisited: The New Production of Knowledge. [REVIEW] Minerva 41 (3):179-194.
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  20. John Gibbons (2001). Knowledge in Action. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 62 (3):579-600.
    This paper argues that the role of knowledge in the explanation and production of intentional action is as indispensable as the roles of belief and desire. If we are interested in explaining intentional actions rather than intentions or attempts, we need to make reference to more than the agent’s beliefs and desires. It is easy to see how the truth of your beliefs, or perhaps, facts about a setting will be involved in the explanation of an action. If you believe (...)
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  21.  61
    John Gibbons (1996). Externalism and Knowledge of Content. Philsophical Review 105 (3):287-310.
    Many bclicvc that content cxtcrnalism is inconsistent with commonscnsc views about our kmowlcdgc of thc contents of our own thoughts} Content cxtcrnalism is thc vicw that thc propositional contents of an individual’s thoughts do not supcrvcnc on thc intrinsic properties of that individual. Relations bctwccn you and your social and physical environment partly dctcrminc thc comtents of your thoughts.? But if what dctcrmimcs thc content of your thoughts lics partly outside your mind, it might sccm that you have to investigate (...)
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  22. John Gibbons (2009). Reason in Action. In Lucy O'Brien & Matthew Soteriou (eds.), Mental Actions. Oxford University Press 72.
    There is a problem with a very common theory of the nature of action. The problem stems from the fact that causation by practical reasons may be a necessary condition for being an intentional action, but it can’t be a sufficient condition. After all, desires and intentions are caused by practical reasons that rationalize them, but they’re clearly not actions. Even if all actions are events or changes and desires and intentions aren’t, the acquistion of a desire or an intention (...)
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  23. John Gibbons (2010). Seeing What You 'Re Doing'. In T. Szabo Gendler & J. Hawthorne (eds.), Oxford Studies in Epistemology. Oxford University Press
    Do we have privileged access to what we’re intentionally doing? Well, that probably depends on what privileged access is. One way to think about privileged access is to try to identify a true formal principle. One thing you’ll need to do when identifying the formal principle is to specify the relevant range of propositions to which you have privileged access. These ranges are usually specified by subject matter: propositions about your own current, conscious propositional attitudes, propositions about your own sensations, (...)
     
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  24. S. Gibbons & C. Legg (2013). Higher-Order One–Many Problems in Plato's Philebus and Recent Australian Metaphysics. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (1):119 - 138.
    We discuss the one?many problem as it appears in the Philebus and find that it is not restricted to the usually understood problem about the identity of universals across particulars that instantiate them (the Hylomorphic Dispersal Problem). In fact some of the most interesting aspects of the problem occur purely with respect to the relationship between Forms. We argue that contemporary metaphysicians may draw from the Philebus at least three different one?many relationships between universals themselves: instantiation, subkind and part, and (...)
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  25.  39
    Stephen D. Short, Jeffrey A. Gibbons & Sherman A. Lee (2010). Sympathetic Reactions to the Bait Dog in a Film of Dog Fighting: The Influence of Personality and Gender. Society and Animals 18 (2):107-125.
    Media sources brought international attention to dog fighting during the Michael Vick case. Although a significant number of people who watched footage of the abused dogs used in the Vick case may have felt sympathy for them, the characteristics associated with those types of individuals are not known. The current study examined personality and gender as predictors of sympathetic reactions to the mistreatment of a bait dog depicted in a film clip. The results supported the predictions that animal-oriented sympathy, trait (...)
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  26.  76
    Tim Henning (2014). Normative Reasons Contextualism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 88 (3):593-624.
    This article argues for the view that statements about normative reasons are context-sensitive. Specifically, they are sensitive to a contextual parameter specifying a relevant person's or group's body of information. The argument for normative reasons contextualism starts from the context-sensitivity of the normative “ought” and the further premise that reasons must be aligned with oughts. It is incoherent, I maintain, to suppose that someone normatively ought to φ but has most reason not to φ. So given that oughts depend on (...)
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  27.  11
    Brian G. Henning & Adam Scarfe (2013). Beyond Mechanism: Putting Life Back Into Biology. Lexington Books.
    Pairing scientists and philosophers together, this book is an exploration of some of the new frontiers in biology . The chapters in this volume challenge the mechanistic metaphysic that is implicit in the reigning neo-Darwinist paradigm, point to more inclusive modes of thinking in relation to the nature of life, and contribute to the novel synthesis that is presently “in the air.”.
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  28.  37
    Christoph Henning (2010). Bankenkrise, Wirtschaftskrise, Sinnkrise? Philosophische Rundschau 57 (3):254 - 271.
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  29.  16
    Jeffrey A. Gibbons, Angela Toscano, Stephanie Kofron, Christine Rothwell, Sherman A. Lee, Timothy D. Ritchie & W. Richard Walker (2013). The Fading Affect Bias Across Alcohol Consumption Frequency for Alcohol-Related and Non-Alcohol-Related Events. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (4):1340-1351.
  30.  3
    Stephanie Gibbons (forthcoming). Platonic Conversations, by Mary Margaret McCabe. Australasian Journal of Philosophy:1-3.
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  31.  99
    John Gibbons (2009). You Gotta Do What You Gotta Do. Noûs 43 (1):157-177.
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  32.  85
    John Gibbons (2005). Qualia: They 'Re Not What They Seem'. Philosophical Studies 126 (3):397-428.
    Whether or not qualia are ways things seem, the view that qualia have the properties typically attributed to them is unjustified. Ways things seem do not have many of the properties commonly attributed to them. For example, inverted ways things seem are impossible. If ways things seem do not have the features commonly attributed to them, and qualia do have those same features, this looks like good reason to distinguish the two. But if your reasons for believing that qualia have (...)
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  33.  75
    Brian Henning (2011). Standing in Livestock's 'Long Shadow': The Ethics of Eating Meat on a Small Planet. Ethics and the Environment 16 (2):63-93.
    In 2007, 275 million tons of meat1 were produced worldwide, enough for 92 pounds for every person (Halweil 2008, 1). On one level, this fourfold increase in meat production since 1960 might be seen as a great success story about the spread of prosperity and wealth. President Herbert Hoover's memorable 1928 campaign pledge to put "a chicken in every pot and a car in every garage" has, at least for many in the developed world, largely been realized. This juxtaposition of (...)
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  34.  79
    Tim Henning (2011). Why Be Yourself? Kantian Respect and Frankfurtian Identification. Philosophical Quarterly 61 (245):725-745.
    Harry Frankfurt has claimed that some of our desires are ‘internal’, i.e., our own in a special sense. I defend the idea that a desire's being internal matters in a normative, reasons-involving sense, and offer an explanation for this fact. The explanation is Kantian in spirit. We have reason to respect the desires of persons in so far as respecting them is a way to respect the persons who have them (in some cases, ourselves). But if desires matter normatively in (...)
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  35.  12
    W. Richard Walker, John Skowronski, Jeffrey Gibbons, Rodney Vogl & Charles Thompson (2003). On the Emotions That Accompany Autobiographical Memories: Dysphoria Disrupts the Fading Affect Bias. Cognition and Emotion 17 (5):703-723.
  36.  18
    Tricia Striano, Anne Henning & Amrisha Vaish (2006). Selective Looking by 12-Month-Olds to a Temporally Contingent Partner. Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 7 (2):233-250.
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  37.  1
    Andrew Gibbons (2013). Like a Stone: A Happy Death and the Search for Knowledge. Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (11):1092-1103.
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  38.  3
    Peter Roberts, Andrew Gibbons & Richard Heraud (2013). Introduction: Camus and Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (11):1085-1091.
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  39.  2
    Andrew Gibbons (2013). Beyond Education: Meursault and Being Ordinary. Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (11):1104-1115.
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  40.  1
    Andrew Gibbons (2013). The Teaching of Tragedy: Narrative and Education. Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (11):1150-1161.
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  41. Andrew Gibbons (2013). Tragedy and Teaching: The Education of Narrative. Educational Philosophy and Theory 45 (11):1162-1174.
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  42.  21
    William J. Gibbons (1949). The Catholic Rural Movement. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 24 (1):22-24.
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  43.  52
    G. W. Gibbons (2002). The Maximum Tension Principle in General Relativity. Foundations of Physics 32 (12):1891-1901.
    I suggest that classical General Relativity in four spacetime dimensions incorporates a Principal of Maximal Tension and give arguments to show that the value of the maximal tension is $\frac{{c^4 }}{{4G}}$ . The relation of this principle to other, possibly deeper, maximal principles is discussed, in particular the relation to the tension in string theory. In that case it leads to a purely classical relation between G and the classical string coupling constant α′ and the velocity of light c which (...)
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  44. Edward B. Henning (1960). Patronage and Style in the Arts: A Suggestion Concerning Their Relations. Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 18 (4):464-471.
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  45.  5
    W. Richard Walker, John Skowronski, Jeffrey Gibbons, Rodney Vogl & Charles Thompson (2003). On the Emotions That Accompany Autobiographical Memories: Dysphoria Disrupts the Fading Affect Bias. Cognition and Emotion 17 (5):703-723.
  46.  38
    Christoph Henning (2009). Liberalism, Perfectionism and Workfare. Analyse & Kritik 31 (1):159-180.
    Recent welfare reform has resulted in new work requirements for welfare recipients. These measures need to be justified, as they impair recipients’ freedom. This paper first repudiates economic justifications for these developments and argues that the dominant justification is perfectionist. But unlike workfare, perfectionism is not necessarily paternalistic. The second part of the paper outlines a liberal perfectionism which allows only for autonomy-enhancing politics. Though even such autonomy-enhancing politics cannot be made obligatory. The last section concludes that workfare’s paternalism cannot (...)
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  47.  2
    Helga Nowotny, Peter Scott & Michael Gibbons (2003). Introduction. Minerva 41 (3):179-194.
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  48.  14
    Tim Henning (2015). Moralischer Partikularismus und die moralischen Grundsätze Kants und Scanlons. Zeitschrift für Philosophische Forschung 69 (1):84-90.
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  49.  11
    Felton Gibbons (1966). An Emblematic Portrait by Dosso. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 29:433-436.
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  50. Michael Gibbons & Björn Wittrock (eds.) (1985). Science as a Commodity: Threats to the Open Community of Scholars. Longman.
     
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