Search results for 'History of Physics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Thomas Ryckman (2012). What Does History Matter to Philosophy of Physics? Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):496-512.score: 171.0
    Abstract Naturalized metaphysics remains a default presupposition of much contemporary philosophy of physics. As metaphysics is supposed to be about the general structure of reality, so a naturalized metaphysics draws upon our best physical theories: Assuming the truth of such a theory, it attempts to answer the “foundational question par excellence “, “how could the world possibly be the way this theory says it is?“ It is argued that attention to historical detail in the development and formulation of physical (...)
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  2. J. L. Heilbron (ed.) (2005). The Oxford Guide to the History of Physics and Astronomy. Oxford University Press.score: 144.0
    With over 150 alphabetically arranged entries about key scientists, concepts, discoveries, technological innovations, and learned institutions, the Oxford Guide to Physics and Astronomy traces the history of physics and astronomy from the Renaissance to the present. For students, teachers, historians, scientists, and readers of popular science books such as Galileo's Daughter, this guide deciphers the methods and philosophies of physics and astronomy as well as the historical periods from which they emerged. Meant to serve the lay (...)
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  3. Mary B. Hesse (1961/2005). Forces and Fields: The Concept of Action at a Distance in the History of Physics. Dover Publications.score: 144.0
    This history of physics focuses on the question, "How do bodies act on one another across space?" The variety of answers illustrates the function of fundamental analogies or models in physics as well as the role of so-called unobservable entities. Forces and Fields presents an in-depth look at the science of ancient Greece, and it examines the influence of antique philosophy on seventeenth-century thought. Additional topics embrace many elements of modern physics--the empirical basis of quantum mechanics, (...)
     
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  4. Elaine Maria Paiva de Andrade, Jean Faber & Luiz Pinguelli Rosa (2013). A Spontaneous Physics Philosophy on the Concept of Ether Throughout the History of Science: Birth, Death and Revival. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 18 (3):559-577.score: 143.0
    In the course of the history of science, some concepts have forged theoretical foundations, constituting paradigms that hold sway for substantial periods of time. Research on the history of explanations of the action of one body on another is a testament to the periodic revival of one theory in particular, namely, the theory of ether. Even after the foundation of modern Physics, the notion of ether has directly and indirectly withstood the test of time. Through a spontaneous (...)
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  5. Jon Dorling (1973). Demonstrative Induction: Its Significant Role in the History of Physics. Philosophy of Science 40 (3):360-372.score: 122.0
    It is argued in this paper that the valid argument forms coming under the general heading of Demonstrative Induction have played a highly significant role in the history of theoretical physics. This situation was thoroughly appreciated by several earlier philosophers of science and deserves to be more widely known and understood.
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  6. Huw Price, 1. The Most Underrated Discovery in the History of Physics?score: 120.0
    Late in the nineteenth century, physics noticed a puzzling conflict between the laws of physics and what actually happens. The laws make no distinction between past and future—if they allow a process to happen one way, they allow it in reverse.1 But many familiar processes are in practice ‘irreversible’, common in one orientation but unknown ‘backwards’. Air leaks out of a punctured tyre, for example, but never leaks back in. Hot drinks cool down to room temperature, but never (...)
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  7. Olival Freire Jr (2004). The Historical Roots of ''Foundations of Quantum Physics'' as a Field of Research (1950–1970). Foundations of Physics 34 (11):1741-1760.score: 120.0
    The rising interest, in the late 20th century, in the foundations of quantum physics, a subject in which Franco Selleri has excelled, has suggested the fair question: how did it become so? The current answer says that experiments have allowed to bring into the laboratories some previous gedanken experiments, beginning with those about EPR and related to Bell’s inequalities. I want to explore an alternative view, by which there would have been, before Bell’s inequalities experimental tests, a change in (...)
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  8. Anton Z. Capri (2007). From Quanta to Quarks: More Anecdotal History of Physics. World Scientific.score: 117.0
    Chapter Prologue “The scientific theory I like the best is that the rings of Saturn are composed entirely of lost airline baggage.” Max Born Ever since, ...
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  9. Roger G. Newton (2007). From Clockwork to Crapshoot: A History of Physics. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.score: 117.0
    From Clockwork to Crapshoot provides the perspective needed to understand contemporary developments in physics in relation to philosophical traditions as far ...
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  10. Jed Z. Buchwald & Robert Fox (eds.) (2013). The Oxford Handbook of the History of Physics. Oxford University Press.score: 117.0
    part. I. Physics and the new science -- part. II. The long eighteenth century -- part III. Fashioning the discipline : from natural philosophy to physics -- part IV. Modern physics.
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  11. D. Bohm (1971). Quantum Theory as an Indication of a New Order in Physics. Part A. The Development of New Orders as Shown Through the History of Physics. Foundations of Physics 1 (4):359-381.score: 116.0
    In this paper, we discuss the general significance of order in physics, as a first step toward the development of new notions of order. We begin with a brief historical discussion of the notions of order underlying ancient Greek views, and then go on to show how these changed in key ways with the rise of classical physics. This leads to a broader view of the significance of order, which helps to indicate what is to be meant by (...)
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  12. Max Jammer (1993). Concepts of Space: The History of Theories of Space in Physics. Dover Publications.score: 114.0
    Newly updated study surveys concept of space from standpoint of historical development. Space in antiquity, Judeo-Christian ideas about space, Newton’s concept of absolute space, space from 18th century to present. Extensive new chapter (6) reviews changes in philosophy of space since publication of second edition (1969). Numerous original quotations and bibliographical references. "...admirably compact and swiftly paced style."—Philosophy of Science. Foreword by Albert Einstein. Bibliography.
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  13. J. D. Bernal (1972). The Extension of Man: A History of Physics Before the Quantum. Cambridge,M.I.T. Press.score: 114.0
  14. J. D. Bernal (1972). The Extension of Man: A History of Physics Before 1900. London,Weidenfeld and Nicolson.score: 114.0
  15. Harry Fawcett Buckley (1927). A Short History of Physics. London, Methuen & Co. Ltd..score: 114.0
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  16. Howard T. Milhorn (2008). The History of Physics: A Biographical Approach. Virtualbookworm.Com Pub..score: 114.0
     
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  17. Anne Rooney (2013). The History of Physics. Rosen Pub..score: 114.0
     
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  18. Richard F. Hassing (2011). History of Physics and the Thought of Jacob Klein. New Yearbook for Phenomenology and Phenomenological Philosophy 11:214-248.score: 104.0
    Aristotelian, classical, and quantum physics are compared and contrasted in light of Jacob Klein’s account of the algebraicization of thought and the resultingdetachment of mind from world, even as human problem-solving power is greatly increased. Two fundamental features of classical physics are brought out: species-neutrality, which concerns the relation between the intelligible and the sensible, and physico-mathematical secularism, which concerns the question of the difference between mathematical objects and physical objects, and whether any differences matter. In contrast to (...)
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  19. Wilfried Kuhn (1988). Analysis of the Development of Wave Mechanics: Aspects From the History of Physics and the Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 18 (3):379-399.score: 104.0
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  20. Thomas L. Hankins (1971). The Concept of Hard Bodies in the History of Physics. History of Science 9:119.score: 104.0
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  21. B. Pippard (2002). Quantum Generations: A History of Physics in the Twentieth Century - Helge Kragh; Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1999, Pp. XIV+494, $18.95, ISBN 0-691-09552-. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 33 (1):143-145.score: 102.0
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  22. Evelyn Fox Keller (1990). Physics and the Emergence of Molecular Biology: A History of Cognitive and Political Synergy. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 23 (3):389 - 409.score: 101.0
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  23. John L. Heilbron (1968). Quantum Historiographv and the Archive for History of Quantum Physics. History of Science 7:90-111.score: 101.0
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  24. Helen S. Lang (1995). Aristotle's «Physics IV, 8»: A Vexed Argument in the History of Ideas. Journal of the History of Ideas 56 (3):353-376.score: 101.0
     
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  25. Richard Staley (2013). Trajectories in the History and Historiography of Physics in the Twentieth Century. History of Science 51 (2):151-177.score: 101.0
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  26. Jonathan Y. Tsou (2010). Putnam's Account of Apriority and Scientific Change: Its Historical and Contemporary Interest. Synthese 176 (3):429-445.score: 99.0
    In the 1960s and 1970s, Hilary Putnam articulated a notion of relativized apriority that was motivated to address the problem of scientific change. This paper examines Putnam’s account in its historical context and in relation to contemporary views. I begin by locating Putnam’s analysis in the historical context of Quine’s rejection of apriority, presenting Putnam as a sympathetic commentator on Quine. Subsequently, I explicate Putnam’s positive account of apriority, focusing on his analysis of the history of physics and (...)
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  27. Pietro Gori (2012). Boscovich’s “Philosophical Meditations” in the History of Contemporary Thought. Memorie Della Societa' Astronomica Italiana Supplementi 75:282-292.score: 99.0
    The content of Boscovich’s Theoria philosophiae naturalis was well-known to his contemporaries, but both scientists and philosophers chiefly discussed it during the 19th century. The observations that Boscovich presented in this text, and that he himself defined as “philosophicas metitationes”, soon showed their being a good programme for the forthcoming atomic physics, and contributed to get rid of the mechanistic paradigm in science. In this paper I’ll go back to some meaningful moments of the history of Boscovich’s reception (...)
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  28. Slobodan Perovic (2011). Missing Experimental Challenges to the Standard Model of Particle Physics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 42 (1):32-42.score: 99.0
    The success of particle detection in high energy physics colliders critically depends on the criteria for selecting a small number of interactions from an overwhelming number that occur in the detector. It also depends on the selection of the exact data to be analyzed and the techniques of analysis. The introduction of automation into the detection process has traded the direct involvement of the physicist at each stage of selection and analysis for the efficient handling of vast amounts of (...)
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  29. Alfred Nordmann (2003). A History of the Ideas of Theoretical Physics: Essays on the 19th and 20th Century Physics (Vol. 213 of Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science). [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 34 (4):677-679.score: 99.0
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  30. Philip Clayton (2010). Unsolved Dilemmas : The Concept of Matter in the History of Philosophy and in Contemporary Physics. In P. C. W. Davies & Niels Henrik Gregersen (eds.), Information and the Nature of Reality: From Physics to Metaphysics. Cambridge University Press.score: 99.0
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  31. Karl Popper (1970). A Realist View of Physics, Logic and History. In Hermann Bondi, Wolfgang Yourgrau & Allen duPont Breck (eds.), Physics, Logic, and History. New York,Plenum Press. 18.score: 99.0
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  32. Amit Hagar (forthcoming). Discrete or Continuous? The Quest for Fundamental Length in Modern Physics. Cambridge University Press.score: 96.0
    Final draft (September 2013 - going to production) of the book on the notion of fundamental length I have been writing for the last couple of years, covering issues in the philosophy of math, metaphysics, and the history and the philosophy of modern physics, from classical electrodynamics to current theories of quantum gravity. To be published (2014) in Cambridge University Press.
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  33. Eric Schliesser (2012). Four Species of Reflexivity and History of Economics in Economic Policy Science. Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):425-445.score: 96.0
    Abstract This paper argues that history of economics has a fruitful, underappreciated role to play in the development of economics, especially when understood as a policy science. This goes against the grain of the last half century during which economics, which has undergone a formal revolution, has distanced itself from its `literary' past and practices precisely with the aim to be a more successful policy science. The paper motivates the thesis by identifying and distinguishing four kinds of reflexivity in (...)
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  34. J. M. Kuukkanen (2009). Towards a Philosophy of the History of Thought? Journal of the Philosophy of History 3 (1):25-54.score: 96.0
    There are a large number of disciplines that are interested in the theoretical aspects of the history of thought. Their perspectives and subjects may vary, but fundamentally they have a common research interest: the history of human thinking and its products. Despite this, they are studied in relative isolation. I argue that having different subjects as specific objects of research, such as political or scientific thinking, is not a valid justification for the separation. I propose the formation of (...)
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  35. Scott A. Elias (2013). A Brief History of the Changing Occupations and Demographics of Coleopterists From the 18th Through the 20th Century. Journal of the History of Biology:1-30.score: 96.0
    Systematic entomology flourished as a branch of Natural History from the 1750s to the end of the nineteenth century. During this interval, the “era of Heroic Entomology,” the majority of workers in the field were dedicated amateurs. This article traces the demographic and occupational shifts in entomology through this 150-year interval and into the early twentieth century. The survey is based on entomologists who studied beetles (Coleoptera), and who named sufficient numbers of species to have their own names abbreviated (...)
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  36. Jouni-Matti Kuukkanen (2009). Towards a Philosophy of the History of Thought? Journal of the Philosophy of History 3 (1):25-54.score: 96.0
    There are a large number of disciplines that are interested in the theoretical aspects of the history of thought. Their perspectives and subjects may vary, but fundamentally they have a common research interest: the history of human thinking and its products. Despite this, they are studied in relative isolation. I argue that having different subjects as specific objects of research, such as political or scientific thinking, is not a valid justification for the separation. I propose the formation of (...)
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  37. Armin Teske (1972). The History of Physics and the Philosophy of Science. Warszawa,Zakład Narodowy Im. Ossolińskich [Oddz. W Warszawie].score: 96.0
  38. John J. Stachel (ed.) (2005). Einstein's Miraculous Year: Five Papers That Changed the Face of Physics. Princeton University Press.score: 95.0
    After 1905, Einstein's miraculous year, physics would never be the same again. In those twelve months, Einstein shattered many cherished scientific beliefs with five extraordinary papers that would establish him as the world's leading physicist. This book brings those papers together in an accessible format. The best-known papers are the two that founded special relativity: On the Electrodynamics of Moving Bodies and Does the Inertia of a Body Depend on Its Energy Content? In the former, Einstein showed that absolute (...)
     
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  39. Stephen Gaukroger (2012). What Does History Matter to the History of Philosophy? Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (3):406-424.score: 94.0
    Abstract Contrary to most modern interpretations, in the early modern period, history was an indispensable resource for many philosophers. The different uses of history by Bacon, Gassendi, Locke, and Hume are explored to establish the role of history as a resource in early-modern philosophy.
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  40. Karl Popper (1970). A Realist View of Logic, Physics, and History. In. In Hermann Bondi, Wolfgang Yourgrau & Allen duPont Breck (eds.), Physics, Logic, and History. New York,Plenum Press. 1--37.score: 93.0
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  41. Jan Hilgevoord (2005). Erratum to “Time in Quantum Mechanics: A Story of Confusion” [Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 36(1) (2005) 29–60]. [REVIEW] Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 36 (2):413-.score: 93.0
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  42. Barry Gower (1973). Speculation in Physics: The History and Practice of Naturphilosophie. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 3 (4):301-356.score: 93.0
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  43. Edward Rosen (1962). Book Review:Forces and Fields: The Concept of Action at a Distance in the History of Physics Mary Brenda Hesse. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 29 (4):434-.score: 93.0
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  44. Machiel Kleemans (2010). Kristian Camilleri: Heisenberg and the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics—The Physicist as Philosopher. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 40 (11):1783-1787.score: 93.0
    The book Heisenberg and the Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics—The Physicist as Philosopher, by Kristian Camilleri is critically reviewed. The work details Heisenberg’s philosophical development from an early positivist commitment towards a later philosophy of language. It is of interest to researchers and graduate students in the history and philosophy of quantum mechanics.
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  45. M. Norton Wise (1992). Does the History of Physics Help Him? Philosophy of the Social Sciences 22 (1):122-130.score: 93.0
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  46. Stephen G. Brush (1983). The History of Modern Physics: An International Bibliography. Garland.score: 93.0
  47. Jed Z. Buchwald (ed.) (1995). Scientific Practice: Theories and Stories of Doing Physics. The University of Chicago Press.score: 92.0
    Most recent work on the nature of experiment in physics has focused on "big science"--the large-scale research addressed in Andrew Pickering's Constructing Quarks and Peter Galison's How Experiments End. This book examines small-scale experiment in physics, in particular the relation between theory and practice. The contributors focus on interactions among the people, materials, and ideas involved in experiments--factors that have been relatively neglected in science studies. The first half of the book is primarily philosophical, with contributions from (...)
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  48. James T. Cushing (1985). Book Review:Constructing Quarks: A Sociological History of Particle Physics Andrew Pickering. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 52 (4):640-.score: 90.0
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  49. Anthony Burns (2011). Conceptual History and the Philosophy of the Later Wittgenstein: A Critique of Quentin Skinners Contextualist Method. Journal of the Philosophy of History 5 (1):54-83.score: 90.0
    Although first published in 1969, the methodological views advanced in Quentin Skinner's “Meaning and Understanding in the History of Ideas” remain relevant today. In his article Skinner suggests that it would be inappropriate to even attempt to write the history of any idea or concept. In support of this view, Skinner advances two arguments, one derived from the philosophy of the later Wittgenstein and the other from that of J. L. Austin. In this paper I focus on the (...)
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  50. Mendel Sachs (1993). On Hawking's a Brief History of Time and the Present State of Physics. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 44 (3):543-547.score: 90.0
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