Search results for 'Homogeneity' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  3
    Manuel Križ & Emmanuel Chemla (2015). Two Methods to Find Truth-Value Gaps and Their Application to the Projection Problem of Homogeneity. Natural Language Semantics 23 (3):205-248.
    Presupposition, vagueness, and oddness can lead to some sentences failing to have a clear truth value. The homogeneity property of plural predication with definite descriptions may also create truth-value gaps: The books are written in Dutch is true if all relevant books are in Dutch, false if none of them are, and neither true nor false if, say, half of the books are written in Dutch. We study the projection property of homogeneity by deploying methods of general (...)
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  2.  24
    Michel Regenwetter, James Adams & Bernard Grofman (2002). On the (Sample) Condorcet Efficiency of Majority Rule: An Alternative View of Majority Cycles and Social Homogeneity. Theory and Decision 53 (2):153-186.
    The Condorcet efficiency of a social choice procedure is usually defined as the probability that this procedure coincides with the majority winner (or majority ordering) in random samples, given a majority winner exists (or given the majority ordering is transitive). Consequently, it is in effect a conditional probability that two sample statistics coincide, given certain side conditions. We raise a different issue of Condorcet efficiencies: What is the probability that a social choice procedure applied to a sample matches with the (...)
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  3.  17
    Dominique Lepelley, Patrick Pierron & Fabrice Valognes (2000). Scoring Rules, Condorcet Efficiency and Social Homogeneity. Theory and Decision 49 (2):175-196.
    In a three-candidate election, a scoring rule s (s in [0,1]) assigns 1, s, and 0 points (respectively) to each first, second and third place in the individual preference rankings. The Condorcet efficiency of a scoring rule is defined as the conditional probability that this rule selects the winner in accordance with Condorcet criteria (three Condorcet criteria are considered in the paper). We are interested in the following question: What rule s has the greatest Condorcet efficiency? After recalling the known (...)
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  4.  37
    José A. Ferrari (1991). On the Homogeneity of Space and Time in Special Relativity. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 22 (1):169-171.
    Summary From the following discussion, we conclude that: (a) the homogeneity of space implies (in special relativity) the homogeneity of time, and vice versa; (b) the assumption of homogeneity of space (or time) implies that the transformation formulae must be linear (see Equations (10) and (17)).
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  5.  19
    Ruth Ben-Yashar (2014). The Generalized Homogeneity Assumption and the Condorcet Jury Theorem. Theory and Decision 77 (2):237-241.
    The Condorcet jury theorem (CJT) is based on the assumption of homogeneous voters who imperfectly know the correct policy. We reassess the validity of the CJT when voters are homogeneous and each knows the correct decision with an average probability of more than a half.
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  6.  33
    David Pineda (2005). Causal Exclusion and Causal Homogeneity. Dialectica 59 (1):63-66.
    In this brief note I claim that, contrary to what Esfeld argues in his paper in this same volume, Kim's position with respect to the problem of causal exclusion does indeed commit him to the causal heterogeneity of realized properties.
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  7.  5
    Frederick D. Abraham & James C. Taylor (1967). Prior Relevance and Dimensional Homogeneity of Partially Reinforced Dimensions After Nonreversal Shifts in Concept Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (2):276.
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  8.  1
    Nissim Levy & John P. Seward (1969). Frustration and Homogeneity of Rewards in the Double Runway. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (3):460.
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  9.  2
    M. G. Preston, R. G. Brotemarkle & E. G. Campbell (1942). Effect of Change in Motivation Upon Homogeneity of Ergograms. Journal of Experimental Psychology 31 (6):497.
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  10. John Meixner (1979). Homogeneity and Explanatory Depth. Philosophy of Science 46 (3):366-381.
    Wesley Salmon has recently proposed a new theory of scientific explanation based on a model which he calls the statistical-relevance model. It is intended primarily as an account of the structure of explanations of particular events--explanations which, according to Salmon, are very often motivated largely by practical concerns. Two important features of this account are the concepts of homogeneity and screening off. In this paper we argue that the employment of these two concepts (which, in fact, are intimately connected) (...)
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  11.  23
    Adam Fforde (2005). Persuasion: Reflections on Economics, Data, and the 'Homogeneity Assumption'. Journal of Economic Methodology 12 (1):63-91.
    This paper discusses issues to do with the empirical basis of modern economics and points towards the need to look more closely at the ?homogeneity assumption? that underpins much economic theory. It argues that severe problems currently prevent economics from becoming more persuasive to both students of economics and those outside the discipline. The issue involves the management of disciplinary boundaries, and excessive use of the ?homogeneity assumption.? Three areas of concern are explored. First is the literature on (...)
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  12.  11
    Daniel Steel (2006). Homogeneity, Selection, and the Faithfulness Condition. Minds and Machines 16 (3):303-317.
    The faithfulness condition (FC) is a useful principle for inferring causal structure from statistical data. The usual motivation for the FC appeals to theorems showing that exceptions to it have probability zero, provided that some apparently reasonable assumptions obtain. However, some have objected that, the theorems notwithstanding, exceptions to the FC are probable in commonly occurring circumstances. I argue that exceptions to the FC are probable in the circumstances specified by this objection only given the presence of a condition that (...)
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  13.  9
    Klaus Beck, Karin Heinrichs, Gerhard Minnameier & Kirsten Parche-Kawik (1999). Homogeneity of Moral Judgement?-Apprentices Solving Business Conflicts. Journal of Moral Education 28 (4):429-443.
    In an ongoing longitudinal study, which started in 1994, we are examining the moral development of business apprentices (sensu Kohlberg). The focal point of this project is a critical analysis of Kohlberg's thesis of homogeneity, according to which people should judge every moral issue from the point of view of their "modal" stage (i.e. the most frequently used stage of moral reasoning) regardless of any situation-specificity. Empirical data-even Kohlberg's own-however, show that an individual's judgements are usually spread around her/his (...)
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  14.  15
    Jörg Flum & Martin Ziegler (1999). Pseudo-Finite Homogeneïty and Saturation. Journal of Symbolic Logic 64 (4):1689-1699.
    When analyzing database query languages a roperty, of theories, the pseudo-finite homogeneity property, has been introduced and applied (cf. [3]). We show that a stable theory has the pseudo-finite homogeneity property just in case its expressive power for finite states is bounded. Moreover, we introduce the corresponding pseudo-finite saturation property and show that a theory fails to have the finite cover property if and only if it has the pseudo-finite saturation property.
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  15.  12
    Heike Mildenberger (1992). On the Homogeneity Property for Certain Quantifier Logics. Archive for Mathematical Logic 31 (6):445-455.
    The local homogeneity property is defined as in [Mak]. We show thatL ωω(Q1) and some related logics do not have the local homogeneity property, whereas cofinality logicL ωω(Q cfω) has the homogeneity property. Both proofs use forcing and absoluteness arguments.
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  16.  3
    Shan Gao, Homogeneity of Spacetime Implies the Free Schrödinger Equation.
    The free Schrödinger equation is shown to be a consequence of spacetime homogeneity in the non-relativistic domain. This may help understand the origin of the wave equations in quantum theory.
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  17.  3
    Elisabeth Bouscaren & Michael C. Laskowski (1993). S-Homogeneity and Automorphism Groups. Journal of Symbolic Logic 58 (4):1302-1322.
    We consider the question of when, given a subset A of M, the setwise stabilizer of the group of automorphisms induces a closed subgroup on Sym(A). We define s-homogeneity to be the analogue of homogeneity relative to strong embeddings and show that any subset of a countable, s-homogeneous, ω-stable structure induces a closed subgroup and contrast this with a number of negative results. We also show that for ω-stable structures s-homogeneity is preserved under naming countably many constants, (...)
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  18.  11
    Kathrin Braun (2012). From the Body of Christ to Racial Homogeneity: Carl Schmitt's Mobilization of 'Life' Against 'the Spirit of Technicity'. The European Legacy 17 (1):1 - 17.
    This article traces the semantics of ?life? and ?vitality? in Carl Schmitt up to the 1930s. It shows that Schmitt deploys these vitalist elements against the modern ?spirit of technicity? in his attempt to combat the lack of substantial ideas in modern politics. However, Schmitt himself cannot escape a fundamental political relativism. There remains an unstable tension at the heart of his thought between the quest for substance and the quest for order. The latter is relativist because it is a (...)
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  19.  12
    Barbara J. Thayer-Bacon (2010). Homogeneity and Diversity: Comparing Japanese and American Perspectives on Harmony and Disagreement. Ethics and Education 4 (2):153-162.
    My article aims to develop a relational, pluralistic political theory that moves beyond standard theories of liberal democracy, and to consider how such a theory translates into our public school settings. I use a narrative style argument to share stories that focus on homogeneity and diversity from my visit to a Japanese elementary school, as I consider, drawing on the work of Chantal Mouffe, the important role harmony and disagreement, and a tension between homogeneity and diversity, play in (...)
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  20.  14
    Eric M. Rubenstein (2000). Sellars Without Homogeneity. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 8 (1):47 – 71.
    Central to Wilfrid Sellars ' philosophical system is his belief that science's current ontology is inadequate as it fails to provide for an acceptable account of perceptual experience. Unfortunately, this remains the most puzzling plank in his philosophy. Sellars himself argues for this position via his wellknown example of a pink ice cube and its homogeneous colour. This homogeneity, says Sellars, bars the acceptance of science's present ontology of achromatic particles, and requires the introduction of items which are truly (...)
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  21.  9
    Joseph F. Hanna (1986). Objective Homogeneity Relativized. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:422 - 431.
    In his recent book Scientific Explanation and the Causal Structure of the World Wesley Salmon provides a detailed explanation of objective homogeneity, a concept which is central to his S-R model of explanation. 1 propose a modification of Salmon's definition which both simplifies and (in minor ways) corrects it, while at the same time generalizes it by including an important temporal factor that is missing from the original. I argue that if the world is irreducibly stochastic, then objective probabilities (...)
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  22. Heike Sefrin-Weis (2002). Homogeneity in Aristotle's Metaphysics. Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
    In this dissertation, I investigate the role of Aristotle's theory of science, and specifically the homogeneity criterion, for the set-up of Aristotle's metaphysics project as sketched in Met. IV, 1--3 and VI, 1. I argue that Aristotelian metaphysics takes shape through a dialectical argument stretching from Met. I to VI, 1. Along this path, both Aristotle's theory of science , and the Platonist competitor in metaphysics are constantly kept in view. They propel the argument at crucial stages. The resulting (...)
     
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  23.  4
    James R. Bloedel (1992). Functional Heterogeneity with Structural Homogeneity: How Does the Cerebellum Operate? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 15 (4):666-678.
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  24. Thomas Metzinger (1995). Faster Than Thought: Holism, Homogeneity, and Temporal Coding. In Conscious Experience. Ferdinand Schoningh
  25.  1
    Andreas Blass (1988). Selective Ultrafilters and Homogeneity. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 38 (3):215-255.
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  26.  46
    Claus Offe (1998). "Homogeneity" and Constitutional Democracy: Coping with Identity Conflicts Through Group Rights. Journal of Political Philosophy 6 (2):113–141.
  27.  11
    Oleg Belegradek (2012). Homogeneity in Relatively Free Groups. Archive for Mathematical Logic 51 (7-8):781-787.
    We prove that any torsion-free, residually finite relatively free group of infinite rank is not ${\aleph_1}$ -homogeneous. This generalizes Sklinos’ result that a free group of infinite rank is not ${\aleph_1}$ -homogeneous, and, in particular, gives a new simple proof of that result.
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  28.  11
    Paul G. Morrison (1956). Homogeneity and Invariance. Tulane Studies in Philosophy 5:71-77.
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  29.  1
    John R. Chambers & Barry R. Schlenker (2015). Political Homogeneity Can Nurture Threats to Research Validity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 38.
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  30.  4
    Anand Pillay (1982). Dimension Theory and Homogeneity for Elementary Extensions of a Model. Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (1):147-160.
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  31.  44
    Michael Esfeld (2005). The Causal Homogeneity of Biological Kinds. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 27 (3/4):421 - 433.
    The aim of this paper is to show that biological kinds can be causally homogeneous, although all biological causes are identical with configurations of physical causes. The paper considers two different strategies to establish that result: the first one relies on two different manners of classification (according to function and according to composition); the other one exploits the idea of biological classifications being rather coarse-grained, whereas physical classifications are fine-grained.
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  32.  6
    Anthony J. Steinbock (1989). Totalitarianism, Homogeneity of Power, Depth : Towards a Socio-Political Ontology. Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 51 (4):621 - 648.
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  33.  12
    Nancy C. Dorian (1994). Varieties of Variation in a Very Small Place: Social Homogeneity, Prestige Norms, and Linguistic Variation. In Stephen Everson (ed.), Language. Cambridge University Press 631--696.
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  34. Ma Granada (1992). Bruno, Digges, Palingenio-Homogeneity and Heterogeneity in the Conception of Infinite Universe. Rivista di Storia Della Filosofia 47 (1):47-73.
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  35.  2
    M. Kri (forthcoming). Homogeneity, Non-Maximality, and All. Journal of Semantics.
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  36.  6
    Richard A. Shore (1982). On Homogeneity and Definability in the First-Order Theory of the Turing Degrees. Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (1):8-16.
  37.  5
    L. Feiner (1970). The Strong Homogeneity Conjecture. Journal of Symbolic Logic 35 (3):375-377.
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  38. D. Lepelley, P. Pierron & F. Valognes (2000). On the Impact of the Homogeneity on Social Choice Paradoxes. Theory and Decision 49:175-196.
     
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  39.  19
    Jim Vernon (2004). Homogeneity and Heterogeneity: Bataille and Hegel. Dialogue 43 (2):317-338.
    L’Expérience intérieure de Georges Bataille formule une ontologie de l’hétérogénéité opposée à l’homogénéité du système de Hegel. Bataille définit la pensée de Hegel comme la commensurabilité d’éléments disparates au sein d’un projet unifié, et c’est à cette homogénéité dirigée par un but qu’il oppose les éléments hétérogènes du non-savoir et du sacrifice, lesquels échappent à toute commensurabilité. Cet article se livre à une évaluation critique de l’œuvre de Bataille, tant comme ontologie viable que comme critique valide de Hegel, et fait (...)
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  40.  18
    R. Bradley (2005). Bayesian Utilitarianism and Probability Homogeneity. Social Choice and Welfare 24:221-251.
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  41.  4
    Alexey Ostrovsky (2011). Σ-Homogeneity of Borel Sets. Archive for Mathematical Logic 50 (5-6):661-664.
    We give an affirmative answer to the following question: Is any Borel subset of a Cantor set C a sum of a countable number of pairwise disjoint h-homogeneous subspaces that are closed in X? It follows that every Borel set ${X \subset {\bf R}^n}$ can be partitioned into countably many h-homogeneous subspaces that are G δ -sets in X.
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  42.  4
    J./P. Thomas (1979). Homogeneity Conditions on the Statistical Relevance Model of Explanation. Philosophical Studies 36 (1):101 - 105.
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  43.  3
    James D. Church & Edward L. Wike (1976). The Robustness of Homogeneity of Variance Tests for Asymmetric Distributions: A Monte Carlo Study. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (5):417-420.
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  44.  18
    Stephen Louw (1997). Unity and Development: Social Homogeneity, the Totalitarian Imaginary, and the Classical Marxist Tradition. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 27 (2):180-205.
    This article examines the relationship between the classical Marxist tradition and the conceptual roots of totalitarianism. Here totalitarianism is understood to entail the attempt to frame the developmental impulses of modernity within the logic of a premodern political imaginary—defined as internally homogenous and transparent to itself. In the first part, we take issue with those who try to distinguish between the thought of Marx and Engels, and who insist that it is only in Engels's thought that the traces of a (...)
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  45.  3
    Norbert Vanbeselaere (1988). Reducing Intergroup Discrimination by Manipulating Ingroup Outgroup Homogeneity and by Individuating Ingroup and Outgroup Members. Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 21 (2):191-198.
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  46.  10
    Robert E. Allinson (1982). The Homogeneity and the Heterogeneity of the Concept of the Good in Plato. Philosophical Inquiry 4 (1):30-39.
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  47.  11
    André Clark (2003). Methodological Individualism, Cognitive Homogeneity and Environmental Determinism. Journal of Economic Methodology 10 (1):79-85.
    A study encompassing a number of UK Universities identified a widespread implicit environmental determinism employed in the teaching of Economics to business studies undergraduates. In this paper the author argues that this bias is an inevitable by-product of the methodological individualism adopted within mainstream economics. The author concludes that methodological individualism is, therefore, flawed both as a mechanism for accessing the reality of the business world and the power of firms within it, and for teaching others about that reality, particularly (...)
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  48. Erika Bourguignon (1973). Diversity and Homogeneity in World Societies. [New Haven, Conn.]Hraf Press.
     
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  49.  3
    Robert E. Hicks (1978). On the Homogeneity of Human Handedness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 1 (2):299.
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  50.  14
    Richard N. Burnor (1993). Rethinking Objective Homogeneity: Statistical Versus Ontic Approaches. Philosophical Studies 71 (3):307 - 325.
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