Search results for 'Horst Pfeiffle' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  60
    Horst Pfeiffle (2008). On the Psychogenesis of the a Priori: Jean Piaget's Critique of Kant. Philosophy and Social Criticism 34 (5):487-498.
    The seal of the a priori is imprinted on the reception of Kant's philosophy. Piaget's epistemological argumentation seems to ascribe knowledge a more fruitful constructiveness than Kant, seeing the a priori as rooted in unvarying reason. Yet, it seems, he failed to recognize the complexity of Kant's theory, which does not always follow a quid iuris line. Moments of experience, analysis and self-observation played more than a marginal role in his discovery of the a priori. Indeed, Kant himself raises the (...)
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  2.  70
    Steven W. Horst (2007). Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science. Oxford University Press.
    Contemporary philosophers of mind tend to assume that the world of nature can be reduced to basic physics. Yet there are features of the mind consciousness, intentionality, normativity that do not seem to be reducible to physics or neuroscience. This explanatory gap between mind and brain has thus been a major cause of concern in recent philosophy of mind. Reductionists hold that, despite all appearances, the mind can be reduced to the brain. Eliminativists hold that it cannot, and that this (...)
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  3.  19
    Steven Horst (1996). Symbols, Computation, and Intentionality: A Critique of the Computational Theory of Mind. University of California Press.
    In this carefully argued critique, Steven Horst pronounces the theory deficient.
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  4.  73
    Steven Horst (1999). Symbols and Computation: A Critique of the Computational Theory of Mind. Minds and Machines 9 (3):347-381.
    Over the past several decades, the philosophical community has witnessed the emergence of an important new paradigm for understanding the mind.1 The paradigm is that of machine computation, and its influence has been felt not only in philosophy, but also in all of the empirical disciplines devoted to the study of cognition. Of the several strategies for applying the resources provided by computer and cognitive science to the philosophy of mind, the one that has gained the most attention from philosophers (...)
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  5. Steven Horst (2012). Beyond Reduction: Philosophy of Mind and Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science. Oxford University Press Usa.
    Contemporary philosophers of mind tend to assume that the world of nature can be reduced to basic physics. Yet there are features of the mind consciousness, intentionality, normativity that do not seem to be reducible to physics or neuroscience. This explanatory gap between mind and brain has thus been a major cause of concern in recent philosophy of mind. Reductionists hold that, despite all appearances, the mind can be reduced to the brain. Eliminativists hold that it cannot, and that this (...)
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  6.  59
    David Horst (2015). Actions and Accidents. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 45 (3):300-325.
    In acting intentionally, it is no accident that one is doing what one intends to do. In this paper, I ask how to account for this non-accidentality requirement on intentional action. I argue that, for systematic reasons, the currently prevailing view of intentional action – the Causal Theory of Action – is ill-equipped to account for it. I end by proposing an alternative account, according to which an intention is a special kind of cause, one to which it is essential (...)
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  7.  55
    Steven Horst (2011). Laws, Mind, and Free Will. MIT Press.
    Since the seventeenth century, our understanding of the natural world has been one of phenomena that behave in accordance with natural laws. While other elements of the early modern scientific worldview may be rejected or at least held in question—the metaphor of the world as a great machine, the narrowly mechanist assumption that all physical interactions must be contact interactions, the idea that matter might actually be obeying rules laid down by its Divine Author – the notion of natural law (...)
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  8.  3
    Jessica S. Horst, Larissa K. Samuelson, Sarah C. Kucker & Bob McMurray (2011). What's New? Children Prefer Novelty in Referent Selection. Cognition 118 (2):234-244.
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  9. Larissa K. Samuelson, Anne R. Schutte & Jessica S. Horst (2009). The Dynamic Nature of Knowledge: Insights From a Dynamic Field Model of Children’s Novel Noun Generalization. Cognition 110 (3):322-345.
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  10.  16
    Steven Horst (2014). Miracles and Two Accounts of Scientific Laws. Zygon 49 (2):323-347.
    Since early modernity, it has often been assumed that miracles are incompatible with the existence of the natural laws utilized in the sciences. This paper argues that this assumption is largely an artifact of empiricist accounts of laws that should be rejected for reasons internal to philosophy of science, and that no such incompatibility arises on the most important alternative interpretations, which treat laws as expressions of forces, dispositions, or causal powers.
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  11.  23
    Maja Horst (2011). Taking Our Own Medicine: On an Experiment in Science Communication. Science and Engineering Ethics 17 (4):801-815.
    In 2007 a social scientist and a designer created a spatial installation to communicate social science research about the regulation of emerging science and technology. The rationale behind the experiment was to improve scientific knowledge production by making the researcher sensitive to new forms of reactions and objections. Based on an account of the conceptual background to the installation and the way it was designed, the paper discusses the nature of the engagement enacted through the experiment. It is argued that (...)
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  12. Steven Horst (2005). Phenomenology and Psychophysics. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (1):1-21.
    Recent philosophy of mind has tended to treat.
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  13. Steven Horst (2009). Naturalisms in Philosophy of Mind. Philosophy Compass 4 (1):219-254.
    Most contemporary philosophers of mind claim to be in search of a 'naturalistic' theory. However, when we look more closely, we find that there are a number of different and even conflicting ideas of what would count as a 'naturalization' of the mind. This article attempts to show what various naturalistic philosophies of mind have in common, and also how they differ from one another. Additionally, it explores the differences between naturalistic philosophies of mind and naturalisms found in ethics, epistemology, (...)
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  14.  67
    Steven Horst, Beyond Reduction: What Can Philosophy of Mind Learn From Post-Reductionist Philosophy of Science? The Order Project: Online Discussion Papers.
    Recent debates about the metaphysics of mind have tended to assume that inter-theoretic reductions are the norm in the natural sciences. With this assumption in place, the apparent explanatory gaps surrounding consciousness and intentionality seem unique, fascinating, and perhaps metaphysically significant. Over the past several decades, however, philosophers of science have largely rejected the notions that inter-theoretic reduction is either widespread in the natural sciences or a litmus for the legitimacy of the special sciences. If we adopt a post-reductionist philosophy (...)
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  15.  75
    Steven Horst, The Computational Theory of Mind. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Over the past thirty years, it is been common to hear the mind likened to a digital computer. This essay is concerned with a particular philosophical view that holds that the mind literally is a digital computer (in a specific sense of “computer” to be developed), and that thought literally is a kind of computation. This view—which will be called the “Computational Theory of Mind” (CTM)—is thus to be distinguished from other and broader attempts to connect the mind with computation, (...)
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  16. Steven Horst, Laws, Idealization, and the Status of Psychology.
    The SPP is, among other things, a place where we discuss nagging and perennial problems on the bordermarches between philosophy and the sciences. Sometimes problems are nagging and perennial because they are deep and difficult. And sometimes they are merely an artifact, a shadow cast by our own way of formulating the problem. I should like to suggest to you that philosophy of mind suffers badly from being the last refuge of the best philosophy of science of the 1950's, and (...)
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  17.  13
    J. Joseph Horst (1942). Man on His Nature. Modern Schoolman 19 (2):36-37.
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  18.  48
    Steven Horst (1999). Evolutionary Explanation and the Hard Problem of Consciousness. Journal of Consciousness Studies 6 (1):39-48.
    Chalmers and others have argued that physicalist microexplanation is incapable of solving the ‘hard problem’ of consciousness. This article examines whether evolutionary accounts of the mind, such as those developed by Millikan, Dretske and Flanagan, can add anything to make up for the possible short falls of more reductionist accounts. I argue that they cannot, because evolutionary accounts explain by appeal to a selectional history that only comes into the picture if consciousness can first arise due to spontaneous mutation in (...)
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  19. Steven Horst, How (Not) to Give a Theory of Concepts.
    This paper presents the lineaments of a new account of concepts. The foundations of the account are four ideas taken from recent cognitive science, though most of them have important philosophical precursors. The first is the idea that human conceptuality shares important continuities with psychological faculties of other animals, and indeed that there is a well-distinguished hierarchy of such faculties that extend up and down the phylogenetic scale. While it would very likely be a mistake to look at some conglomeration (...)
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  20. Steven Horst, Goldilocks Searches for a Conceptual Semantics.
    This is a relatively breezy version of an exploration of some issues about how to provide a theory of concepts and conceptual semantics. I have also written more conventional versions of some of this material (without the Three Bears motif), though those are set in a broader context.
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  21.  51
    Steven Horst (1995). Eliminativism and the Ambiguity of `Belief'. Synthese 104 (1):123-45.
    It has recently been claimed (1) that mental states such as beliefs are theoretical entities and (2) that they are therefore, in principle, subject to theoretical elimination if intentional psychology were to be supplanted by a psychology not employing mentalistic notions. Debate over these two issues is seriously hampered by the fact that the key terms 'theoretical' and 'belief' are ambiguous. This article argues that there is only one sense of 'theoretical' that is of use to the eliminativist, and in (...)
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  22. S. Horst (2006). Review of The Primacy of the Subjective: Foundations for a Unified Theory of Mind and Language. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 21.
     
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  23.  15
    J. Joseph Horst (1944). Man's Unknown Ancestors. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 19 (1):181-183.
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  24.  9
    Andrea Kern & David Horst (2013). Schwerpunkt: Praktisches Wissen. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 61 (3):353-356.
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  25.  87
    Steven Horst, New Semantics, Physicalism and a Posteriori Necessity.
    The New Semantics (NS) introduced by Kripke and Putnam is often thought to block antiphysicalist arguments that involve an inference from an explanatory gap to a failure of supervenience. But this “NS Rebuttal” depends upon two assumptions that are shown to be dubious. First, it assumes that mental-kind terms are among the kinds of terms to which NS analysis is properly applied. However, there are important differences in this regard between the behavior of notions like ‘pain’ and notions like ‘water’, (...)
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  26.  52
    Steven Horst (2002). Evolutionary Explanation and Consciousness. Journal of Psychology and Theology 30 (1):41-50.
  27.  9
    J. Jos Horst (1937). Philosophical Fragments or a Fragment of Philosophy. Modern Schoolman 14 (4):91-92.
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  28.  6
    J. Joseph Horst (1943). How to Think. Modern Schoolman 21 (1):65-66.
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  29.  23
    Steven Horst (2013). Notions of Intuition in the Cognitive Science of Religion. The Monist 96 (3):377-398.
    This article examines the notions of “intuitive” and “counterintuitive” beliefs and concepts in cognitive science of religion. “Intuitive” states are contrasted with those that are products of explicit, conscious reasoning. In many cases the intuitions are grounded in the implicit rules of mental models, frames, or schemas. I argue that the pathway from intuitive to high theological concepts and beliefs may be distinct from that from intuitions to “folk religion,” and discuss how Christian theology might best interpret the results of (...)
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  30.  10
    J. Joseph Horst (1943). How to Think. Modern Schoolman 21 (1):65-66.
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  31.  8
    David Horst (2013). Handlungen, Absichten Und Praktisches Wissen. Deutsche Zeitschrift für Philosophie 61 (3):373-386.
    In this paper, I argue that in order to understand intentional action we have to understand a distinctive kind of practical knowledge - knowledge that is the cause of what it represents. To do so, I begin by identifying two requirements for an adequate understanding of intentional action: someone who acts intentionally has an intention that is the cause of her action; someone who acts intentionally knows what she is doing. My aim is to show that a theory of intentional (...)
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  32.  11
    J. Joseph Horst (2012). An Introduction to Logic. Modern Schoolman 15 (3):68-69.
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  33.  7
    J. J. Horst (2012). Logica Formalis. Modern Schoolman 18 (1):19-19.
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  34. Steven Horst (1992). Notions of 'Representation' in Philosophy and Empirical Research. In Proceedings of the Conference on Cognition and Representation.
  35.  6
    J. Jos Horst (1937). Philosophical Fragments or a Fragment of Philosophy. Modern Schoolman 14 (4):91-92.
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  36.  23
    Steven Horst (2011). Reply to Silberstein. Philosophical Psychology 24 (4):575-584.
    This response to Silberstein's review undertakes two tasks. First, it attempts to clarify aspects of Cognitive Pluralism and its relationship to anti-reductionism. Second, it engages Silberstein's claim that traditional metaphysics of mind is dead, or at least should no longer be pursued.
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  37.  32
    Steven Horst (2005). Modeling, Localization and the Explanation of Phenomenal Properties: Philosophy and the Cognitive Sciences at the Beginning of the Millennium. Synthese 147 (3):477-513.
    Case studies in the psychophysics, modeling and localization of human vision are presented as an example of.
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  38.  5
    Heribert Horst (1964). Israelitische Propheten im Koran1. Zeitschrift für Religions- Und Geistesgeschichte 16 (1):42-57.
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  39.  3
    J. Joseph Horst (1935). The Science of Correct Thinking. Modern Schoolman 13 (1):22-22.
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  40.  6
    J. Jos Horst (1936). Reality and the Mind. Modern Schoolman 14 (1):19-20.
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  41.  2
    J. J. Horst (1933). Symbolic Logic. Modern Schoolman 11 (1):23-23.
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  42.  12
    Steven Horst (1998). Our Animal Bodies. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 22 (1):34-61.
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  43.  2
    J. Joseph Horst (1942). Man on His Nature. Modern Schoolman 19 (2):36-37.
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  44.  1
    Steven W. Horst (1999). Symbols, Computation, and Intentionality. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 59 (3):832-835.
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  45.  3
    P. Horst (1932). The Difficulty of Multiple Choice Test Item Alternatives. Journal of Experimental Psychology 15 (4):469.
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  46.  7
    Steven Horst (2009). Review of Jakob Hohwy, Jesper Kallestrup (Eds.), Being Reduced: New Essays on Reduction, Explanation, and Causation. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (6).
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  47.  10
    Steve Horst (1998). Comments on Żytkow's Article. Foundations of Science 3 (1):103-109.
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  48.  9
    Steven Horst (2006). Review of Nicholas Georgalis, The Primacy of the Subjective: Foundations for a Unified Theory of Mind and Language. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (6).
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  49.  2
    Paul Horst (1931). Psychology and the Scientific Method. Journal of Philosophy 28 (13):337-347.
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  50.  6
    Paul Horst (1932). Measurement Relationship and Correlation. Journal of Philosophy 29 (23):631-637.
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