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Profile: Hubert Dreyfus (University of California, Berkeley)
  1. Hubert L. Dreyfus & Paul Rabinow (2014). Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics. Routledge.
    This book is the first to provide a sustained, coherent analysis of Foucault's work as a whole. To demonstrate the sense in which Foucault's work is beyond structuralism and hermeneutics, the authors unfold a careful, analytical exposition of his oeuvre. They argue that during the of Foucault's work became a sustained and largely successful effort to develop a new method - "interpretative analytics" - capable of explaining both the logic of structuralism's claim to be an objective science and the apparent (...)
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  2. Hubert L. Dreyfus (1972). What Computers Can't Do. Harper and Row.
  3.  6
    Hubert Dreyfus (1992). What Computers Still Can't Do. MIT Press.
    A Critique of Artificial Reason Hubert L. Dreyfus . HUBERT L. DREYFUS What Computers Still Can't Do Thi s One XZKQ-GSY-8KDG What. WHAT COMPUTERS STILL CAN'T DO Front Cover.
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  4. Hubert L. Dreyfus (2007). The Return of the Myth of the Mental. Inquiry 50 (4):352 – 365.
    McDowell's claim that "in mature human beings, embodied coping is permeated with mindedness",1 suggests a new version of the mentalist myth which, like the others, is untrue to the phenomenon. The phenomena show that embodied skills, when we are fully absorbed in enacting them, have a kind of non-mental content that is non-conceptual, non-propositional, non-rational and non-linguistic. This is not to deny that we can monitor our activity while performing it. For solving problems, learning a new skill, receiving coaching, and (...)
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  5.  27
    Hubert L. Dreyfus (1990). Being-in-the-World: A Commentary on Heidegger's Being in Time, Division I. A Bradford Book.
    Essays discuss the themes of worldliness, affectedness, understanding, and the care-structure found in Heidegger's work on the nature of existence.
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  6.  14
    Hubert L. Dreyfus (1983). Michel Foucault, Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics. University of Chicago Press.
    This book is the first to provide a sustained, coherent analysis of Foucault's work as a whole. To demonstrate the sense in which Foucault's work is beyond structuralism and hermeneutics, the authors unfold a careful, analytical exposition of his oeuvre. They argue that during the of Foucault's work became a sustained and largely successful effort to develop a new method - "interpretative analytics" - capable of explaining both the logic of structuralism's claim to be an objective science and the apparent (...)
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  7. Hubert L. Dreyfus (2000). A Merleau-Pontyian Critique of Husserl’s and Searle’s Representationalist Accounts of Action. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 100 (3):287-302.
    Husserl and Searle agree that, for a bodily movement to be an action, it must be caused by a propositional representation. Husserl's representation is a mental state whose intentional content is what the agent is trying to do; Searle thinks of the representation as a logical structure expressing the action's conditions of satisfaction. Merleau-Ponty criticises both views by introducing a kind of activity he calls motor intentionality, in which the agent, rather than aiming at success, feels drawn to reduce a (...)
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  8.  2
    Hubert L. Dreyfus (2001). On the Internet. Routledge.
    _Internet_ is een van de eerste boeken waarin het filosofische inzicht -van Plato tot Kierkegaard - betrokken wordt op het debat over de mogelijkheden en onmogelijkheden van het internet. Dreyfus laat zien dat de onstoffelijke, 'vrij zwevende' websurfer zijn oorsprong vindt in Descartes' scheiding van geest en lichaam, en hoe Kierkegaards inzichten in de opkomst van het moderne leespubliek vooruitlopen op de nieuwsgierige, maar elk risico vermijdende internet-junkie. Uitgaande van recente onderzoeken naar het isolement dat veel internetgebruikers ervaren, toont Dreyfus (...)
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  9. Hubert L. Dreyfus (2002). Intelligence Without Representation: Merleau-Ponty's Critique of Mental Representation. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1:367-83.
  10. Hubert L. Dreyfus (2007). Why Heideggerian Ai Failed and How Fixing It Would Require Making It More Heideggerian. Philosophical Psychology 20 (2):247 – 268.
  11. Hubert L. Dreyfus (2007). Response to McDowell. Inquiry 50 (4):371 – 377.
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  12. Hubert L. Dreyfus (2005). Overcoming the Myth of the Mental: How Philosophers Can Profit From the Phenomenology of Everyday Expertise. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 79 (2):47 - 65.
    Back in 1950, while a physics major at Harvard, I wandered into C.I. Lewis’s epistemology course. There, Lewis was confidently expounding the need for an indubitable Given to ground knowledge, and he was explaining where that ground was to be found. I was so impressed that I immediately switched majors from ungrounded physics to grounded philosophy.
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  13. Hubert L. Dreyfus (2006). Overcoming the Myth of the Mental. Topoi 25 (1-2):43-49.
    Can we accept John McDowell’s Kantian claim that perception is conceptual “all the way out,” thereby denying the more basic perceptual capacities we seem to share with prelinguistic infants and higher animals? More generally, can philosophers successfully describe the conceptual upper floors of the edifice of knowledge while ignoring the embodied coping going on on the ground floor? I argue that we shouldn’t leave the conceptual component of our lives hanging in midair and suggest how philosophers who want to understand (...)
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  14. Michel Foucault & Hubert Dreyfus (2008). Mental Illness and Psychology. University of California Press.
    This seminal early work of Foucault is indispensable to understanding his development as a thinker. Written in 1954 and revised in 1962, _Mental Illness and Psychology _delineates the shift that occurred in Foucault's thought during this period. The first iteration reflects the philosopher's early interest in and respect for Freud and the psychoanalytic tradition. The second part, rewritten in 1962, marks a dramatic change in Foucault's thinking. Examining the history of madness as a social and cultural construct, he moves outside (...)
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  15.  32
    Hubert L. Dreyfus (2011). All Things Shining: Reading the Western Classics to Find Meaning in a Secular Age. Free Press.
    Our contemporary nihilism -- Homer's polytheism -- From Aeschylus to Augustine : monotheism on the rise -- From Dante to Kant : the attractions and dangers of autonomy -- Fanaticism, polytheism, and Melville's "evil art" -- David Foster Wallace's nihilism -- Conclusion : lives worth living in a secular age.
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  16. Hubert L. Dreyfus (2002). Intelligence Without Representation – Merleau-Ponty's Critique of Mental Representation the Relevance of Phenomenology to Scientific Explanation. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (4):367-383.
    Existential phenomenologists hold that the two most basic forms of intelligent behavior, learning, and skillful action, can be described and explained without recourse to mind or brain representations. This claim is expressed in two central notions in Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Perception: the intentional arc and the tendency to achieve a maximal grip. The intentional arc names the tight connection between body and world, such that, as the active body acquires skills, those skills are stored, not as representations in the mind, (...)
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  17.  34
    Hubert L. Dreyfus (2014). Skillful Coping: Essays on the Phenomenology of Everyday Perception and Action. OUP Oxford.
    For fifty years Hubert Dreyfus has done pioneering work which brings phenomenology and existentialism to bear on the philosophical and scientific study of the mind. This is a selection of his most influential essays, developing his critique of the representational model of the mind in analytical philosophy of mind and mainstream cognitive science.
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  18.  91
    Hubert L. Dreyfus & Harrison Hall (eds.) (1982). Husserl, Intentionality, and Cognitive Science. MIT Press.
  19. Hubert L. Dreyfus (2015). On the Internet. Routledge.
    Can the internet solve the problem of mass education, and bring human beings to a new level of community? Drawing on a diverse array of thinkers from Plato to Kierkegaard, _On the Internet_ argues that there is much in common between the disembodied, free floating web and Descartes' separation of mind and body. Hubert Dreyfus also shows how Kierkegaard's insights into the origins of a media-obsessed public anticipate the web surfer, blogger and chat room. Drawing on studies of the isolation (...)
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  20.  8
    Samuel Todes, Hubert L. Dreyfus & Piotr Hoffman (2001). Body and World. The MIT Press.
    Body and World is the definitive edition of a book that shouldnow take its place as a major contribution to contemporary existentialphenomenology. Samuel Todes goes beyond Martin Heidegger and MauriceMerleau-Ponty in his description of how independent physical natureand experience are united in our bodily action. His account allows himto preserve the authority of experience while avoiding the tendencytoward idealism that threatens both Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty.Todes emphasizes the complex structure of the human body ;front/back asymmetry, the need to balance in a (...)
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  21. Hubert L. Dreyfus & Sean D. Kelly (2007). Heterophenomenology: Heavy-Handed Sleight-of-Hand. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 6 (1-2):45-55.
    We argue that heterophenomenology both over- and under-populates the intentional realm. For example, when one is involved in coping, one’s mind does not contain beliefs. Since the heterophenomenologist interprets all intentional commitment as belief, he necessarily overgenerates the belief contents of the mind. Since beliefs cannot capture the normative aspect of coping and perceiving, any method, such as heterophenomenology, that allows for only beliefs is guaranteed not only to overgenerate beliefs but also to undergenerate other kinds of intentional phenomena.
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  22. Hubert L. Dreyfus (2002). Refocusing the Question: Can There Be Skillful Coping Without Propositional Representations or Brain Representations? [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 1 (4):413-25.
  23.  19
    Hubert L. Dreyfus (2016). 20. What Computers Can’T Do: A Critique of Artificial Reason. In Bernard Williams (ed.), Essays and Reviews: 1959-2002. Princeton University Press 90-100.
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  24. Hubert L. Dreyfus, The Current Relevance of Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Embodiment. Electronic Journal of Analytic Philosophy.
    In this paper I would like to explain, defend, and draw out the implications of this claim. Since the intentional arc is supposed to embody the interconnection of skillful action and perception, I will first lay out an account of skill.
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  25.  23
    Hubert L. Dreyfus & Mark A. Wrathall (eds.) (2005). A Companion to Heidegger. Blackwell Pub..
    The _Blackwell Companion to Heidegger_ is a complete guide to the work and thought of Martin Heidegger, one of the most influential philosophers of the twentieth century. Considers the most important elements of Heidegger’s intellectual biography, including his notorious involvement with National Socialism Provides a systematic and comprehensive exploration of Heidegger’s work One of the few books on Heidegger to cover his later work as well as _Being and Time_ Includes key critical responses to Heidegger’s philosophy Contributors include many of (...)
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  26. Hubert L. Dreyfus (1992). Being-in-the-World: A Commentary on Heidegger's "Being and Time, Division 1". Inquiry 35:233.
     
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  27. Hubert L. Dreyfus, A Phenomenology of Skill Acquisition as the Basis for a Merleau-Pontian Nonrepresentational Cognitive Science.
  28.  86
    Hubert Dreyfus (1993). Heidegger's Critique of the Husserl/Searle Account of Intentionality. Social Research 60:17-38.
  29.  16
    Hubert Dreyfus (2007). Detachment, Involvement, and Rationality: Are We Essentially Rational Animals? Human Affairs 17 (2).
  30.  5
    David Sudnow & Hubert L. Dreyfus (2001). Ways of the Hand: A Rewritten Account. The MIT Press.
    Ways of the Hand tells the story of how David Sudnow learned to improvise jazz on the piano. Because he had been trained as an ethnographer and social psychologist, Sudnow was attentive to what he experienced in ways that other novice pianists are not. The result, first published in 1978 and now considered by many to be a classic, was arguably the finest and most detailed account of skill development ever published.Looking back after more than twenty years, Sudnow was struck (...)
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  31. Hubert L. Dreyfus & Stuart E. Dreyfus (1991). Towards a Phenomenology of Ethical Expertise. Human Studies 14 (4):229 - 250.
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  32. Hubert L. Dreyfus (1999). The Primacy of Phenomenology Over Logical Analysis: A Critique of Searle. Philosophical Topics 27 (2):3-24.
  33.  90
    Hubert Dreyfus, Heidegger on the Connection Between Nihilism, Art, Technology Andpolitics.
    Martin Heidegger's major work, Being and Time, is usually considered the culminating work in a tradition called existential philosophy. The first person to call himself an existential thinker was Soren Kierkegaard, and his influence is clearly evident in Heidegger's thought. Existential thinking rejects the traditional philosophical view, that goes back to Plato at least, that philosophy must be done from a detached, disinterested point of view. Kierkegaard argues that our primary access to reality is through our involved action. The way (...)
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  34. Hubert L. Dreyfus (1996). Being and Power: Heidegger and Foucault. International Journal of Philosophical Studies 4 (1):1 – 16.
    being, culminating in the technological understanding of being, in order to help us understand and overcome our current way of dealing with things as objects and resources, Foucault analyzes several regimes of power, culminating in modern bio-power, in order to help us free ourselves from understanding ourselves as subjects.
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  35. Hubert Dreyfus (2005). Merleau-Ponty and Recent Cognitive Science. In Taylor Carman & Mark B. N. Hansen (eds.), The Cambridge Companion to Merleau-Ponty. Cambridge University Press 132.
     
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  36. Hubert L. Dreyfus & Charles Spinosa (1999). Coping with Things-in-Themselves: A Practice-Based Phenomenological Argument for Realism. Inquiry 42 (1):49 – 78.
    Against Davidsonian (or deflationary) realism, it is argued that it is coherent to believe that science can in principle give us access to the functional components of the universe as they are in themselves in distinction from how they appear to us on the basis of our quotidian concerns or sensory capacities. The first section presents the deflationary realist's argument against independence. The second section then shows that, although Heidegger pioneered the deflationary realist account of the everyday, he sought to (...)
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  37. Hubert Dreyfus & Jane Rubin (1994). Kierkegaard on the Nihilism of the Present Age: The Case of Commitment as Addiction. Synthese 98 (1):3 - 19.
  38. Jean Grondin, Karin de Boer, Graeme Nicholson, Charles Guignon, William McNeill, Günter Figal, Steven Crowell, Hubert L. Dreyfus, Daniel O. Dahlstrom, Jeffrey Andrew Bara, Theodore Kisiel & Dieter Thomä (2005). Heidegger's Being and Time: Critical Essays. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Heidegger's Being and Time: Critical Essays provides a variety of recent studies of Heidegger's most important work. Twelve prominent scholars, representing diverse nationalities, generations, and interpretive approaches deal with general methodological and ontological questions, particular issues in Heidegger's text, and the relation between Being and Time and Heidegger's later thought. All of the essays presented in this volume were never before available in an English-language anthology. Two of the essays have never before been published in any language ; three of (...)
     
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  39. Hubert L. Dreyfus (1995). Interpreting Heidegger on Das Man. Inquiry 38 (4):423 – 430.
    In their debate over my interpretation of Heidegger's account of das Man in Being and Time, Frederick Olafson and Taylor Carman agree that Heidegger's various characterizations of das Man are inconsistent. Olafson champions an existentialist/ontic account of das Man as a distorted mode of being?with. Carman defends a Wittgensteinian/ontological account of das Man as Heidegger's name for the social norms that make possible everyday intelligibility. For Olafson, then, das Man is a privative mode of Dasein, while for Carman it makes (...)
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  40.  58
    Evan Selinger, Hubert Dreyfus & Harry Collins (2007). Interactional Expertise and Embodiment. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 38 (4):722-740.
    In this four part exchange, Evan Selinger starts by stating that Collins’s empirical evidence in respect of linguistic socialization and its bearing on artificial intelligence and expertise is valuable; it advances philosophical and sociological understanding of the relationship between knowledge and language. Nevertheless, he argues that Collins mischaracterizes the data under review and thereby misrepresents how knowledge is acquired and understates the extent to which expert knowers are embodied. Selinger reconstructs the case for the importance of the body in the (...)
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  41. Hubert L. Dreyfus (1985). From Socrates to Expert Systems: The Limits and Dangers of Calculative Rationality. In Carl Mitcham & Alois Huning (eds.), Philosophy and Technology II: Information Technology and Computers in Theory and Practice. Reidel
    Actual AI research began auspiciously around 1955 with Allen Newell and Herbert Simon's work at the RAND Corporation. Newell and Simon proved that computers could do more than calculate. They demonstrated that computers were physical symbol systems whose symbols could be made to stand for anything, including features of the real world, and whose programs could be used as rules for relating these features. In this way computers could be used to simulate certain important aspects intelligence. Thus the information-processing model (...)
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  42. Jerome C. Wakefield & Hubert L. Dreyfus (1991). Intentionality and the Phenomenology of Action. In Ernest Lepore & Robert Van Gulick (eds.), John Searle and His Critics. Cambridge: Blackwell
     
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  43. Hubert L. Dreyfus (2007). Reply to Romdenh-Romluc. In Thomas Baldwin (ed.), Reading Merleau-Ponty: On Phenomenology of Perception. Routledge
     
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  44. Hubert Dreyfus, Heidegger and Foucault on the Subject, Agencycourses.
    of autonomous agency. Yet neither denies the importance of human freedom. In Heidegger's early work the subject is reinterpreted as Dasein -- a non autonomous, culturally bound (or thrown) way of being, that can yet change the field of possibilities in which it acts. In middle Heidegger, thinkers alone have the power to disclose a new world, while in later Heidegger, anyone is free to step back from the current world, to enter one of a plurality of worlds, and, thereby, (...)
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  45.  97
    Sean Dorrance Kelly & Hubert Dreyfus (2011). Saving the Sacred From the Axial Revolution. Inquiry 54 (2):195-203.
    Prominent defenders of the Enlightenment, like Jürgen Habermas, are beginning to recognize that the characterization of human beings in entirely rational and secular terms leaves out something important. Religion, they admit, plays an important role in human existence. But the return to a traditional monotheistic religion seems sociologically difficult after the death of God. We argue that Homeric polytheism retains a phenomenologically rich account of the sacred, and a similarly rich understanding of human existence in its midst. By opening ourselves (...)
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  46.  11
    Hubert Dreyfus (2000). Could Anything Be More Intelligible Than Everyday Intelligibility?: Reinterpreting Division I of Being and Time in the Light of Division II. In James E. Faulconer & Mark A. Wrathall (eds.), Appropriating Heidegger. Cambridge University Press 155--174.
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  47. Hubert L. Dreyfus (1999). Kierkegaard on the Internet: Anonymity Vs. Commitment in the Present Age. Kierkegaard Studies Yearbook 1999 (1):96-109.
  48.  73
    Hubert L. Dreyfus (1996). The Current Relevance of Merleau-Ponty's Phenomenology of Embodiment. Filozofska Istrazivanja 15 (3):1-20.
    In this paper I would like to explain, defend, and draw out the implications of this claim. Since the intentional arc is supposed to embody the interconnection of skillful action and perception, I will first lay out an account of skill.
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  49. Hubert L. Dreyfus & Sean D. Kelly, Notes on Embodiment in Homer: Reading Homer on Moods and Action in the Light of Heidegger and Merleau-Ponty.
    Homer has a unique understanding of the body. On his view the body is that by means of which we are subject to moods, and moods are what attune us to our situation. Being attuned to a situation, in turn, opens us to the various ways things and people can be engaging. We agree with Homer that this receptivity is evident throughout our entire existence. It characterizes everything from our basic bodily skills for coping with objects and people to our (...)
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  50.  30
    Hubert L. Dreyfus (2001). Phenomenological Description Versus Rational Reconstruction. Revue Internationale de Philosophie 55 (216):181-196.
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