Search results for 'Human Experimentation ethics' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Wade L. Robison, Michael S. Pritchard & Colloquium on Biomedical Ethics (1979). Medical Responsibility Paternalism, Informed Consent, and Euthanasia. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  2. Robert Veatch (1988). The Patient as Partner: A Theory of Human Experimentation Ethics. Journal of Religious Ethics 16 (1):190-190.
     
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  3.  37
    Paul M. McNeill (1993). The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation. Cambridge University Press.
    This book focuses on experimentation that is carried out on human beings, including medical research, drug research and research undertaken in the social sciences. It discusses the ethics of such experimentation and asks the question: who defends the interests of these human subjects and ensures that they are not harmed? The author finds that ethical research depends on the adequacy of review by committee. Indeed most countries now rely on research ethics committees for the (...)
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  4. Zbigniew Bańkowski & Norman Howard-Jones (eds.) (1982). Human Experimentation and Medical Ethics: Proceedings of the Xvth Cioms Round Table Conference, Manila, 13-16 September 1981. [REVIEW] Who Publications Centre Usa [Distributor].
  5. David N. Weisstub (ed.) (1998). Research on Human Subjects: Ethics, Law, and Social Policy. Pergamon.
    There have been serious controversies in the latter part of the 20th century about the roles and functions of scientific and medical research. In whose interests are medical and biomedical experiments conducted and what are the ethical implications of experimentation on subjects unable to give competent consent? From the decades following the Second World War and calls for the global banning of medical research to the cautious return to the notion that in controlled circumstances, medical research on human (...)
     
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  6.  11
    David E. Tanner (2000). Narrative, Ethics, and Human Experimentation in Richard Selzer's "Alexis St. Martin": The Miraculous Wound Re-Examined. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 12 (2):149-160.
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  7.  7
    R. P. A. Rivers (1995). The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (1):59-60.
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  8.  22
    R. G. Frey (1996). The Ethics of Animal and Human Experimentation. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (4):252-253.
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  9.  1
    D. W. Vere (1981). Ethics in Human Experimentation. Journal of Medical Ethics 7 (3):161-161.
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  10.  3
    P. J. Lewis (1985). Human Experimentation and Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (1):50-50.
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  11.  4
    Ronald L. Numbers (1979). William Beaumont and the Ethics of Human Experimentation. Journal of the History of Biology 12 (1):113 - 135.
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  12.  1
    D. McCaughey (1995). The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation, by Paul M. McNeill. Bioethics 9 (5):437-443.
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  13.  2
    Priscilla Alderson (1995). The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation. By P. M. McNeill. Pp. 315. (Cambridge University Press, 1993.) £35.00/US$ 59.95. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 27 (1):121-123.
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  14.  2
    Charles Weijer, The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation.
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  15. James Mccormick (1994). Paul M. McNeill, "The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation". International Journal of Philosophical Studies 2 (2):385.
     
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  16. William A. Silverman (1985). Human Experimentation: A Guided Step Into the Unknown. Oxford University Press.
    Spectacular treatment disasters in recent years have made it clear that informal "let's-try-it-and-see" methods of testing new proposals are more risky now than ever before, and have led many to call for a halt to experimentation in clinical medicine. In this easy-tp-read, philosophical guide to human experimentation, William Silverman pleads for wider use of randomized clinical trials, citing many examples that show how careful trials can overturn preconceived or ill-conceived notions of a therapy's effectiveness and lead to (...)
     
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  17. Susan Ellenberg, Thomas Fleming & David DeMets (2008). 2006), A16. Brody, Baruch A. The Ethics of Biomedical Research: An International Perspective. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998. Capron, Alexander M." Experimentation with Human Beings: Light or Only Shadows?" Yale Journal of Health Policy, Law And. [REVIEW] Contemporary Issues in Bioethics 15 (1).
     
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  18. George J. Annas & Michael A. Grodin (1992). The Nazi Doctors and the Nuremberg Code Human Rights in Human Experimentation. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  19. Bradford H. Gray (1981). Human Subjects in Medical Experimentation: A Sociological Study of the Conduct and Regulation of Clinical Research. R.E. Krieger Pub. Co..
     
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  20. Paul Abraham Freund (1972). Experimentation with Human Subjects. London,Allen and Unwin.
     
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  21. Norman Howard-Jones & Zbigniew Bańkowski (eds.) (1979). Medical Experimentation and the Protection of Human Rights: Proceedings of the Xiith Cioms Round Table Conference, Cascais, Portugal, 30 November-1 December, 1978. [REVIEW] Who Publications Centre [Distributor].
  22. Eugene C. Kennedy (ed.) (1975). Human Rights and Psychological Research: A Debate on Psychology and Ethics: Based on the Loyola Symposium on Psychology and Ethics, May 2, 1973. Crowell.
     
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  23.  4
    Jochen Vollmann & Rolf Winau (1995). The Prussian Regulation of 1900: Early Ethical Standards for Human Experimentation in Germany. IRB: Ethics & Human Research 18 (4):9-11.
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  24.  8
    LeRoy Walters (1974). Ethical Issues in Experimentation on the Human Fetus. Journal of Religious Ethics 2 (1):33 - 54.
    This essay explores some moral problems raised by experimentation involving the human fetus. In the first part of the essay three examples of fetal experimentation from the medical literature are described in some detail. Next, the ethical and legal arguments employed in the two major existing public policy-documents on fetal experimentation are analyzed. Finally, the author seeks to identify four fundamental presuppositions which underlie divergent normative positions on the problem of fetal experimentation.
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  25. Dennis John Mazur (2007). Evaluating the Science and Ethics of Research on Humans: A Guide for Irb Members. Johns Hopkins University Press.
    Biomedical research on humans is an important part of medical progress. But, when lives are at risk, safety and ethical practices need to be the top priority. The need for the committees that regulate and oversee such research -- institutional review boards, or IRBs -- is growing. IRB members face difficult decisions every day. Evaluating the Science and Ethics of Research on Humans is a guide for new and veteran members of IRBs that will help them better understand the (...)
     
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  26.  24
    Hans-Martin Sass (1983). Reichsrundschreiben 1931: Pre-Nuremberg German Regulations Concerning New Therapy and Human Experimentation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (2):99-112.
    This is the first re-publication and first English translation of regulations concerning Human Experimentation which were binding law prior to and during the Third Reich, 1931 to 1945. The introduction briefly describes the duties of the Reichsgesundheitsamt, which formulated these regulations. It then outlines the basic concept of the Richtlinien for protecting subjects and patients on the one hand and for encouraging New Therapy and Human Experimentation on the other hand. Major issues, like personal responsibility of (...)
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  27.  44
    Oonagh Corrigan (ed.) (2009). The Limits of Consent: A Socio-Ethical Approach to Human Subject Research in Medicine. Oxford University Press.
    Since its inception as an international requirement to protect patients and healthy volunteers taking part in medical research, informed consent has become the primary consideration in research ethics. Despite the ubiquity of consent, however, scholars have begun to question its adequacy for contemporary biomedical research. This book explores this issue, reviewing the application of consent to genetic research, clinical trials, and research involving vulnerable populations. For example, in genetic research, information obtained from an autonomous research participant may have significant (...)
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  28.  5
    R. Ostini, G. Bammer, P. R. Dance & R. E. Goodin (1993). The Ethics of Experimental Heroin Maintenance. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (3):175-182.
    In response to widespread concern about illegal drug use and the associated risk of the spread of HIV/AIDS, a study was undertaken to examine whether it was, in principle, feasible to conduct a trial providing heroin to dependent users in a controlled manner. Such a trial involves real ethical issues which are examined in this paper. The general issues examined are: should a trial be an experiment or an exercise in public policy?; acts and omissions; countermobilization; termination of a trial, (...)
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  29.  9
    Maria Rentetzi (2004). The Women Radium Dial Painters as Experimental Subjects (1920–1990) or What Counts as Human Experimentation. NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 12 (4):233-248.
    The case of women radium dial painters — women who tipped their brushes while painting the dials of watches and instruments with radioactive paint — has been extensively discussed in the medical and historical literature. Their painful and abhorrent deaths have occupied the interest of physicians, lawyers, politicians, military agencies, and the public. Hardly any discussion has concerned, however, the use of those women as experimental subjects in a number of epidemiological studies that took place from 1920 to 1990. This (...)
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  30.  3
    A. Schafer (1983). Experimentation with Human Subjects: A Critique of the Views of Hans Jonas. Journal of Medical Ethics 9 (2):76-79.
    The ethics of experimentation on human subjects has become the subject of much debate among medical scientists and philosophers. Ethical problems and conflicts of interest become especially serious when research subjects are recruited from the class of patients. Are patients who are ill and suffering in a position to give voluntary and informed consent? Are there inevitable conflicts of interest and moral obligation when a personal physician recruits his own patients for an experiment designed partly to advance (...)
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  31.  53
    P. Riis (1993). Medical Ethics in the European Community. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):7-12.
    Increasing European co-operation must take place in many areas, including medical ethics. Against the background of common cultural norms and pluralistic variation within political traditions, religion and lifestyles, Europe will have to converge towards unity within the field of medical ethics. This article examines how such convergence might develop with respect to four major areas: European research ethics committees, democratic health systems, the human genome project and rules for stopping futile treatments.
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  32.  50
    Adil E. Shamoo (2009). Responsible Conduct of Research. Oxford University Press.
    Scientific research and ethics -- Ethical theory and decision making -- Data acquisition and management -- Mentoring and professional relationship -- Collaboration in research -- Authorship -- Publication and peer review -- Misconduct in research -- Intellectual property -- Conflicts of interest and scientific objectivity -- The use of animals in research -- The use of human subjects in research -- The use of vulnerable subjects in research -- Genetics, cloning, and stem cell research -- International research.
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  33.  67
    Bernard E. Rollin (2006). Science and Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
    Bernard Rollin historically and conceptually examines the ideology that denies the relevance of ethics to science. Providing an introduction to basic ethical concepts, he discusses a variety of ethical issues relevant to science and how they are ignored, to the detriment of both science and society. These issues include research on human subjects, animal research, genetic engineering, biotechnology, cloning, xenotransplantation, and stem cell research. Rollin also explores the ideological agnosticism that scientists have displayed regarding subjective experience in humans (...)
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  34. Zbigniew Bańkowski & Robert J. Levine (eds.) (1993). Ethics and Research on Human Subjects: International Guidelines: Proceedings of the Xxvith Cioms Conference, Geneva, Switzerland, 5-7 February 1992. [REVIEW] Cioms.
  35.  86
    David Koepsell, Willem-Paul Brinkman & Sylvia Pont (2015). Human Participants in Engineering Research: Notes From a Fledgling Ethics Committee. Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (4):1033-1048.
    For the past half-century, issues relating to the ethical conduct of human research have focused largely on the domain of medical, and more recently social–psychological research. The modern regime of applied ethics, emerging as it has from the Nuremberg trials and certain other historical antecedents, applies the key principles of: autonomy, respect for persons, beneficence, non-maleficence, and justice to human beings who enter trials of experimental drugs and devices :168–175, 2001). Institutions such as Institutional Review Boards and (...)
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  36.  1
    Jay Katz (forthcoming). The Regulation of Human Experimentation in the United States: A Personal Odyssey. IRB: Ethics & Human Research.
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  37.  29
    Ana Smith Iltis (ed.) (2006). Research Ethics. Routledge.
    Medicine in the twenty-first century is increasingly reliant on research to guarantee the safety and efficacy of medical interventions. As a result, the need to understand the ethical issues that research generates is becoming essential. This volume introduces the principal areas of concern in research on human subjects, offering a framework for understanding research ethics, and the relationship between ethics and compliance. Research Ethics brings together leading scholars in bioethics and the topics covered include the unique (...)
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  38.  3
    Felicity Goodyear-Smith, Brenda Lobb, Graham Davies, Israel Nachson & Sheila Seelau (2002). International Variation in Ethics Committee Requirements: Comparisons Across Five Westernised Nations. [REVIEW] BMC Medical Ethics 3 (1):1-8.
    Background Ethics committees typically apply the common principles of autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence and justice to research proposals but with variable weighting and interpretation. This paper reports a comparison of ethical requirements in an international cross-cultural study and discusses their implications. Discussion The study was run concurrently in New Zealand, UK, Israel, Canada and USA and involved testing hypotheses about believability of testimonies regarding alleged child sexual abuse. Ethics committee requirements to conduct this study ranged from nil in Israel (...)
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  39.  17
    Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.) (2008). The Oxford Textbook of Clinical Research Ethics. Oxford University Press.
    Comprehensive in scope and research, this book will be a crucial resource for researchers in the medical sciences, as well as teachers and students alike.
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  40. David Koepsell, Willem-Paul Brinkman & Sylvia Pont (2014). Human Research Ethics Committees in Technical Universities. Journal of Empirical Research on Human Research Ethics 9 (3):67-73.
    Human research ethics has developed in both theory and practice mostly from experiences in medical research. Human participants, however, are used in a much broader range of research than ethics committees oversee, including both basic and applied research at technical universities. Although mandated in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Australia, non-medical research involving humans need not receive ethics review in much of Europe, Asia, Latin America, and Africa. Our survey of the top (...)
     
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  41. Sandra Reed Sweezy (1983). The Ethical Issue of Informed Consent in Human Experimentation. In Catherine P. Murphy & Howard Hunter (eds.), Ethical Problems in the Nurse-Patient Relationship. Allyn and Bacon
     
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  42.  2
    Paul Ramsey (1975). The Ethics of Fetal Research. Yale University Press.
    "The Ethics of Fetal Research" distinguishes between the legal and ethical questions raised by experimentation on still-living human fetuses.
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  43.  1
    Robert M. Veatch & Sharmon Sollitto (1973). Human Experimentation—The Ethical Questions Persist. Hastings Center Report 3 (3):1-3.
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  44.  5
    M. Hayry (1998). Ethics Committees, Principles and Consequences. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (2):81-85.
    When ethics committees evaluate the research proposals submitted to them by biomedical scientists, they can seek guidance from laws and regulations, their own beliefs, values and experiences, and from the theories of philosophers. The starting point of this paper is that philosophers can only be helpful to the members of ethics committees if they take into account in their models both the basic moral intuitions that most of us share and the consequences of people's choices. A moral view (...)
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  45.  13
    Alan Wertheimer (2010). Rethinking the Ethics of Clinical Research: Widening the Lens. Oxford University Press.
    Introduction -- Facing up to paternalism in research ethics -- Preface to a theory of consent transactions in research : beyond valid consent -- Should we worry about money? -- Exploitation in clinical research -- The interaction principle.
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  46.  52
    Baruch A. Brody (1998). The Ethics of Biomedical Research: An International Perspective. Oxford University Press.
    A broad critical review of national policies on biomedical research - human, epidemiologic, clinical trials, genetic, reproductive, etc.
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  47.  10
    Hayley Rose Glaholt (2012). Vivisection as War: The Moral Diseases of Animal Experimentation and Slavery in British Victorian Quaker Pacifist Ethics. Society and Animals 20 (2):154-172.
    This paper demonstrates how British Quakers, between 1870 and 1914, attempted to understand and debate the issue of vivisection through the lens of the Quaker peace testimony. Drawing on primary source materials, the article argues that these Friends were able to agitate for radical legislative and social change using virtue ethics as their framework. The paper further suggests that the moral parameters of the Quaker testimony for peace expanded briefly in this period to include interspecies as well as intraspecies (...)
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  48.  13
    Robert J. Levine (1986). Ethics and Regulation of Clinical Research. Urban & Schwarzenberg.
    In this book, Dr. Robert J. Levine reviews federal regulations, ethical analysis, and case studies in an attempt to answer these questions.
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  49.  0
    John Kleinsman & Sue Buckley (2015). Facebook Study: A Little Bit Unethical But Worth It? Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 12 (2):179-182.
    Human research involving the use social media raises many of the same issues as medical research. The publication of a paper in June 2014 investigating “emotional contagion” received extensive publicity recently because of the methods used. The approach involved manipulating the “News Feeds” of Facebook users, but the participants were not informed of their involvement in the research and had no opportunity to consent or opt out. Some commentators have argued that although it would have been preferable to obtain (...)
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  50.  16
    Donna Yarri (2005). The Ethics of Animal Experimentation: A Critical Analysis and Constructive Christian Proposal. OUP Usa.
    The ethical treatment of animals has become an issue of serious moral concern. Many people are challenging long-held assumptions about animals and raising questions about their status and their treatment. What is the relationship between human and animals? Do animals have moral standing? Do we have direct or indirect duties to animals? Does human benefit always outweigh animal suffering? The use of animals for experimentation raises all of these questions in a particularly insistent way. Donna Yarri offers (...)
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