Search results for 'Human Information Storage' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Melvin H. Rudov (1966). Dimensionality in Human Information Storage. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (2):273.score: 630.0
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  2. R. Alexander Bentley & Michael John O'Brien (2012). Cultural Evolutionary Tipping Points in the Storage and Transmission of Information. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 285.0
    Human culture has evolved through a series of major tipping points in information storage and communication. The first was the appearance of language, which enabled communication between brains and allowed humans to specialize in what they do and to participate in complex mating games. The second was information storage outside the brain, most obviously expressed in the “Upper Paleolithic Revolution”—the sudden proliferation of cave art, personal adornment, and ritual in Europe some 35,000–45,000 years ago. More (...)
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  3. Gabriela Marodin, Paulo Henrique Condeixa de França, Jennifer Braathen Salgueiro, Marcia Luz da Motta, Gysélle Saddi Tannous & Anibal Gil Lopes (2012). Alternatives of Informed Consent for Storage and Use of Human Biological Material for Research Purposes: Brazilian Regulation. Developing World Bioethics 12 (3):127-131.score: 264.0
    Informed consent is recognized as a primary ethical requirement to conduct research involving humans. In the investigations with the use of human biological material, informed consent (IC) assumes a differentiated condition on account of the many future possibilities. This work presents suitable alternatives for IC regarding the storage and use of human biological material in research, according to new Brazilian regulations. Both norms – Resolution 441/11 of the National Health Council, approved on 12 May 2011, and Ordinance (...)
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  4. Bertram F. Malle (2005). Folk Theory of Mind: Conceptual Foundations of Human Social Cognition. In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. 225-255.score: 234.0
    The human ability to represent, conceptualize, and reason about mind and behavior is one of the greatest achievements of human evolution and is made possible by a “folk theory of mind” — a sophisticated conceptual framework that relates different mental states to each other and connects them to behavior. This chapter examines the nature and elements of this framework and its central functions for social cognition. As a conceptual framework, the folk theory of mind operates prior to any (...)
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  5. Elizabeth A. Phelps (2005). The Interaction of Emotion and Cognition: The Relation Between the Human Amygdala and Cognitive Awareness. In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford Series in Social Cognition and Social Neuroscience. Oxford University Press. 61-76.score: 225.0
  6. J. Allik (2000). Available and Accessible Information in Memory and Vision. In Endel Tulving (ed.), Memory, Consciousness, and the Brain: The Tallinn Conference. Psychology Press/Taylor & Francis.score: 225.0
  7. Peter Walla, Bernd Hufnagl, Johann Lehrner, Dagmar Mayer, Gerald Lindinger, Lüder Deecke & Wilfried Lang (2002). Evidence of Conscious and Subconscious Olfactory Information Processing During Word Encoding: A Magnetoencephalographic (MEG) Study. Cognitive Brain Research 14 (3):309-316.score: 225.0
     
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  8. Mark Coeckelbergh (2011). Human Development or Human Enhancement? A Methodological Reflection on Capabilities and the Evaluation of Information Technologies. Ethics and Information Technology 13 (2):81-92.score: 198.0
    Nussbaum’s version of the capability approach is not only a helpful approach to development problems but can also be employed as a general ethical-anthropological framework in ‘advanced’ societies. This paper explores its normative force for evaluating information technologies, with a particular focus on the issue of human enhancement. It suggests that the capability approach can be a useful way of to specify a workable and adequate level of analysis in human enhancement discussions, but argues that any interpretation (...)
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  9. Alfred W. Hübler & Onyeama Osuagwu (2010). Digital Quantum Batteries: Energy and Information Storage in Nanovacuum Tube Arrays. Complexity 15 (5):48-55.score: 196.0
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  10. John G. Seamon (1972). Imagery Codes and Human Information Retrieval. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):468.score: 196.0
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  11. Dietrich Brandt & Janko Cernetic (1998). Human-Centred Appraoches to Control and Information Technology: European Experiences. [REVIEW] AI and Society 12 (1-2):2-20.score: 192.0
    In this paper, the concept of Human-Centred Technology will be described with regard to the different dimensions of workplace, groupwork and networks and in terms of the frameworks of both society and the natural environment. These different aspects of Human-Centred Systems will be illustrated by a series of case studies representing several European countries. The report covers a wide range of research fields. The emphasis is on technology: the roles of control and information technology in enterprises today (...)
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  12. Richard F. Thompson & Stephen A. Madigan (2005). Memory: The Key to Consciousness. Princeton University Press.score: 189.0
    Everyone fascinated by the scope and power of the human brain will find this book unforgettable.
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  13. Mark H. Bickhard (2003). Some Notes on Internal and External Relations and Representation. Consciousness and Emotion 4 (1):101-110.score: 180.0
    Internal relations are those relations that are intrinsic to the nature of one or more of the relata. They are a kind of essential relation, rather than an essential property. For example, an arc of a circle is internally related to the center of that circle in the sense that.
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  14. Max Velmans (1991). Is Human Information Processing Conscious? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 14 (4):651-69.score: 180.0
    Investigations of the function of consciousness in human information processing have focused mainly on two questions: (1) where does consciousness enter into the information processing sequence and (2) how does conscious processing differ from preconscious and unconscious processing. Input analysis is thought to be initially "preconscious," "pre-attentive," fast, involuntary, and automatic. This is followed by "conscious," "focal-attentive" analysis which is relatively slow, voluntary, and flexible. It is thought that simple, familiar stimuli can be identified preconsciously, but conscious (...)
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  15. Bettina Davou (2002). Unconscious Processes Influencing Learning. Psychodynamic Practice 8 (3):277-294.score: 180.0
  16. Andrew P. Yonelinas (2001). Consciousness, Control, and Confidence: The 3 Cs of Recognition Memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology 130 (3):361-379.score: 180.0
  17. Adam K. Anderson (2005). Affective Influences on the Attentional Dynamics Supporting Awareness. Journal of Experimental Psychology 134 (2):258-281.score: 180.0
  18. Monica Meijsing (2006). Being Ourselves and Knowing Ourselves: An Adverbial Account of Mental Representations. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (3):605-619.score: 180.0
    This paper takes an evolutionary approach to what we are, namely autopoietic systems with a first person perspective on our surroundings and ourselves. This in contrast with Thomas Metzinger.
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  19. Lynn C. Robertson (2003). Binding, Spatial Attention and Perceptual Awareness. Nature Reviews Neuroscience 4 (2):93-102.score: 180.0
  20. John H. Mace (2006). Episodic Remembering Creates Access to Involuntary Conscious Memory: Demonstrating Involuntary Recall on a Voluntary Recall Task. Memory 14 (8):917-924.score: 180.0
  21. Thomas G. Bever & David J. Townsend (2001). Some Sentences on Our Consciousness of Sentences. In Emmanuel Dupoux (ed.), Language, Brain, and Cognitive Development: Essays in Honor of Jacques Mehler. MIT Press. 143-155.score: 180.0
  22. L. Deouell (2002). Pre-Requisites for Conscious Awareness: Clues From Electrophysiological and Behavioral Studies of Unilateral Neglect Patients. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (4):546-567.score: 180.0
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  23. Dawn M. McBride & B. Dosher (2002). A Comparison of Conscious and Automatic Memory Processes for Picture and Word Stimuli: A Process Dissocation Analysis. Consciousness and Cognition 11 (3):423-460.score: 180.0
  24. Yves Rossetti (2001). Implicit Perception in Action: Short-Lived Motor Representation of Space. In Peter G. Grossenbacher (ed.), Finding Consciousness in the Brain: A Neurocognitive Approach. Advances in Consciousness Research. John Benjamins. 133-181.score: 180.0
  25. Leslie Smith (2003). Internality of Mental Representation: Twenty Questions for Interactivism. Comment. Consciousness and Emotion 4 (2):307-326.score: 180.0
  26. Katharina Henke, Valerie Treyer, Eva T. Nagy, Stefan Kneifel, Max Düsteler, Roger M. Nitsch & Alfred Buck (2003). Active Hippocampus During Nonconscious Memories. Consciousness and Cognition 12 (1):31-48.score: 180.0
  27. Giuseppe Vitiello (2002). Dissipative Quantum Brain Dynamics. In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind: Proceedings of Toward a Science of Consciousness: Fundamental Approaches (Tokyo '99). John Benjamins. 43-61.score: 180.0
  28. Emrah Duzel (2000). What Brain Activity Tells Us About Conscious Awareness of Memory Retrieval. In Endel Tulving (ed.), Memory, Consciousness, and the Brain: The Tallinn Conference. Psychology Press. 173-187.score: 180.0
  29. Beatrice De Gelder, Jean Vroomen & Gilles Pourtois (2001). Covert Affective Cognition and Affective Blindsight. In Beatrice De Gelder, Edward H. F. De Haan & Charles A. Heywood (eds.), Out of Mind: Varieties of Unconscious Processes. Oxford University Press. 205-221.score: 180.0
     
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  30. Stephen M. Kosslyn (2001). Visual Consciousness. In Peter G. Grossenbacher (ed.), Finding Consciousness in the Brain: A Neurocognitive Approach. John Benjamins. 79-103.score: 180.0
  31. Peter Walla, Katharina Greiner, Cornelia Duregger, Lüder Deecke & Stefan Thurner (2007). Self-Awareness and the Subconscious Effect of Personal Pronouns on Word Encoding: A Magnetoencephalography (MEG) Study. Neuropsychologia 45 (4):796-809.score: 180.0
     
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  32. W. Kintsch & D. Monk (1972). Storage of Complex Information in Memory: Some Implications of the Speed with Which Inferences Can Be Made. Journal of Experimental Psychology 94 (1):25.score: 176.0
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  33. Evans E. Woherem (1991). Human Factors in Information Technology: The Socio-Organisational Aspects of Expert Systems Design. [REVIEW] AI and Society 5 (1):18-33.score: 174.0
    This paper looks beyond the mostly technical and business issues that currently inform the design of knowledge-based systems (e.g., expert systems) to point out that there is also a social and organisational (a socio-organisational) dimension to the issues affecting the design decisions of expert systems and other information technologies. It argues that whilst technical and business issues are considered before the design of Expert Systems, that socio-organisational issues determine the acceptance and long-run utility of the technology after it has (...)
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  34. Paul M. Fitts (1954). The Information Capacity of the Human Motor System in Controlling the Amplitude of Movement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 47 (6):381.score: 168.0
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  35. D. E. Berlyne (1957). Conflict and Information-Theory Variables as Determinants of Human Perceptual Curiosity. Journal of Experimental Psychology 53 (6):399.score: 168.0
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  36. Ralph Norman Haber (1983). The Impending Demise of the Icon: A Critique of the Concept of Iconic Storage in Visual Information Processing. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 6 (1):1.score: 168.0
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  37. W. A. Hillix & Melvin H. Marx (1960). Response Strengthening by Information and Effect in Human Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 60 (2):97.score: 168.0
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  38. Louis M. Herman (1966). Information Encoding and Decision Time as Variables in Human Choice Behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (5):718.score: 168.0
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  39. Andrew Howes, Richard L. Lewis & Satinder Singh (2014). Utility Maximization and Bounds on Human Information Processing. Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (1):198-203.score: 164.0
    Utility maximization is a key element of a number of theoretical approaches to explaining human behavior. Among these approaches are rational analysis, ideal observer theory, and signal detection theory. While some examples of these approaches define the utility maximization problem with little reference to the bounds imposed by the organism, others start with, and emphasize approaches in which bounds imposed by the information processing architecture are considered as an explicit part of the utility maximization problem. These latter approaches (...)
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  40. Giulio Galiero & Gabriele Giammatteo (2009). Trusting Third-Party Storage Providers for Holding Personal Information. A Context-Based Approach to Protect Identity-Related Data in Untrusted Domains. Identity in the Information Society 2 (2):99-114.score: 162.0
    The never ending growth of digital information and the availability of low-cost storage facilities and networks capacity is leading users towards moving their data to remote storage resources. Since users’ data often holds identity-related information, several privacy issues arise when data can be stored in untrusted domains. In addition digital identity management is becoming extremely complicated due to the identity replicas proliferation necessary to get authentication in different domains. GMail and Amazon Web Services, for instance, are (...)
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  41. William F. Birdsall (2011). Human Capabilities and Information and Communication Technology: The Communicative Connection. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 13 (2):93-106.score: 162.0
    The potential contributions information and communication technology (ICT) can make to advancing human capabilities are acknowledged by both the capability approach (CA) and ICT communities. However, there is a lack of genuine engagement between the two communities. This paper addresses the question: How can a collaborative dialogue between the CA and ICT communities be advanced? A prerequisite to exploring collaboratively the potential use of particular technologies with specific capabilities is a conceptual framework within which a dialogue can be (...)
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  42. Paulina Tindana, Catherine S. Molyneux, Susan Bull & Michael Parker (2014). Ethical Issues in the Export, Storage and Reuse of Human Biological Samples in Biomedical Research: Perspectives of Key Stakeholders in Ghana and Kenya. BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):76.score: 156.0
    For many decades, access to human biological samples, such as cells, tissues, organs, blood, and sub-cellular materials such as DNA, for use in biomedical research, has been central in understanding the nature and transmission of diseases across the globe. However, the limitations of current ethical and regulatory frameworks in sub-Saharan Africa to govern the collection, export, storage and reuse of these samples have resulted in inconsistencies in practice and a number of ethical concerns for sample donors, researchers and (...)
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  43. Robin Blume-Kohout & Wojciech H. Zurek (2005). A Simple Example of “Quantum Darwinism”: Redundant Information Storage in Many-Spin Environments. Foundations of Physics 35 (11):1857-1876.score: 152.0
  44. George E. Briggs & James M. Swanson (1970). Encoding, Decoding, and Central Functions in Human Information Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):296.score: 152.0
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  45. John D. Williams (1971). Memory Ensemble Selection in Human Information Processing. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (2):231.score: 152.0
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  46. H. H. Pattee (2013). Epistemic, Evolutionary, and Physical Conditions for Biological Information. Biosemiotics 6 (1):9-31.score: 150.0
    The necessary but not sufficient conditions for biological informational concepts like signs, symbols, memories, instructions, and messages are (1) an object or referent that the information is about, (2) a physical embodiment or vehicle that stands for what the information is about (the object), and (3) an interpreter or agent that separates the referent information from the vehicle’s material structure, and that establishes the stands-for relation. This separation is named the epistemic cut, and explaining clearly how the (...)
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  47. Raul Kompass (2004). Universal Temporal Structures in Human Information Processing: A Neural Principle and Psychophysical Evidence. In Christian Kaernbach, Erich Schroger & Hermann Müller (eds.), Psychophysics Beyond Sensation: Laws and Invariants of Human Cognition. Psychology Press. 451--480.score: 146.0
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  48. J. A. Wells & D. Kerr (forthcoming). Mini-Hearings on Issues in Human Tissue Storage. National Bioethics Advisory Commission, Research Involving Human Biological Materials: Ethical Issues and Policy Guidance (National Bioethics Advisory Commission).score: 146.0
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  49. Barry Smith (2013). Human Action in the Healthcare Domain: A Critical Analysis of HL7’s Reference Information Model. In Johanssonian Investigations. Essays in Honour of Ingvar Johansson on His Seventieth Birthday. Ontos Verlag.score: 144.0
    If we are to develop efficient, reliable and secure means for sharing information across healthcare systems and organizations, then a careful analysis of human actions will be needed. To address this need, the HL7 organization has proposed its Reference Information Model (RIM), which is designed to provide a comprehensive representation of the entire domain of healthcare centered around the phenomenon of human action. Taking the Basic Formal Ontology as our starting point, we examine the RIM from (...)
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  50. Joan C. Hubbard, Karen A. Forcht & Daphyne S. Thomas (1998). Human Resource Information Systems: An Overview of Current Ethical and Legal Issues. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 17 (12):1319-1323.score: 144.0
    Technology has made it easier and cheaper for human resource managers to gather and maintain an infinite amount of data about present and prospective employees. An essential component in the success of managing this data is the Human Resource Information System (HRIS), a database of personal information about each employee. Because of the power to access and use this data, HR managers must be aware of the ethical and legal issues associated with both the creation and (...)
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