Search results for 'Human behavior' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Melissa S. Baucus, William I. Norton, David A. Baucus & Sherrie E. Human (2008). Fostering Creativity and Innovation Without Encouraging Unethical Behavior. Journal of Business Ethics 81 (1):97 - 115.score: 420.0
    Many prescriptions offered in the literature for enhancing creativity and innovation in organizations raise ethical concerns, yet creativity researchers rarely discuss ethics. We identify four categories of behavior proffered as a means for fostering creativity that raise serious ethical issues: (1) breaking rules and standard operating procedures; (2) challenging authority and avoiding tradition; (3) creating conflict, competition and stress; and (4) taking risks. We discuss each category, briefly identifying research supporting these prescriptions for fostering creativity and then we (...)
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  2. Stephen M. Downes (2005). Integrating the Multiple Biological Causes of Human Behavior. Biology and Philosophy 20 (1):177-190.score: 240.0
    I introduce a range of examples of different causal hypotheses about human mate selection. The hypotheses I focus on come from evolutionary psychology, fluctuating asymmetry research and chemical signaling research. I argue that a major obstacle facing an integrated biology of human behavior is the lack of a causal framework that shows how multiple proximate causal mechanisms can act together to produce components of our behavior.
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  3. Gabriele De Anna (ed.) (2013). Willing the Good: Empirical Challenges to the Explanation of Human Behavior. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.score: 210.0
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  4. Radhey Shyam Kaushal (2011). The Science of Philosophy: Theory of Fundamental Processes in Human Behaviour and Experiences. D.K. Printworld.score: 210.0
    pt. 1. Basics of eastern and western views -- pt. 2. New analytical methods and workability -- pt. 3. Predictive power and future prospects.
     
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  5. Robert L. Trestman (2014). Ethics, the Law, and Prisoners: Protecting Society, Changing Human Behavior, and Protecting Human Rights. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 11 (3):311-318.score: 198.0
    Restricting a person’s liberty presents society with many inherent ethical challenges. The historical purposes of confinement have included punishment, penitence, containment, rehabilitation, and habilitation. While the purposes are indeed complex, multifaceted, and at times ambiguous or contradictory, the fact of incarceration intrinsically creates many ethical challenges for psychiatrists working in correctional settings. Role definition of a psychiatrist may be ambiguous, with potential tensions between forensic and therapeutic demands. Privacy may be limited or absent and confidentiality may be compromised. Patient autonomy (...)
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  6. Marko Barendregt & René Van Hezewijk (2005). Adaptive and Genomic Explanations of Human Behaviour: Might Evolutionary Psychology Contribute to Behavioural Genomics? [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 20 (1):57-78.score: 192.0
    . Evolutionary psychology and behavioural genomics are both approaches to explain human behaviour from a genetic point of view. Nonetheless, thus far the development of these disciplines is anything but interdependent. This paper examines the question whether evolutionary psychology can contribute to behavioural genomics. Firstly, a possible inconsistency between the two approaches is reviewed, viz. that evolutionary psychology focuses on the universal human nature and disregards the genetic variation studied by behavioural genomics. Secondly, we will discuss the structure (...)
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  7. Pär Segerdahl (2007). Can Natural Behavior Be Cultivated? The Farm as Local Human/Animal Culture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (2):167-193.score: 192.0
    Although the notion of natural behavior occurs in many policy-making and legal documents on animal welfare, no consensus has been reached concerning its definition. This paper argues that one reason why the notion resists unanimously accepted definition is that natural behavior is not properly a biological concept, although it aspires to be one, but rather a philosophical tendency to perceive animal behavior in accordance with certain dichotomies between nature and culture, animal and human, original orders and (...)
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  8. P. R. Palomino & R. Martínez (2011). Human Resource Management and Ethical Behaviour: Exploring the Role of Training in the Spanish Banking Industry. Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 1 (2):69.score: 192.0
    Nowadays there is a growing interest in business ethics, both in academia and professionally. However, moral lapses continue to happen in business activities, leading academicians and professionals to rethink what is being done and reinventing new strategies to successfully manage ethics in business organisations. Thus, whereas efforts to promote ethics are basically oriented to using and developing explicit, written formal mechanisms, the literature suggests that other instruments are also useful and necessary to achieve this. Thus, studying the role of the (...)
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  9. Sam S. Rakover (1997). Can Psychology Provide a Coherent Account of Human Behavior? A Proposed Multiexplanation-Model Theory. Behavior and Philosophy 25 (1):43 - 76.score: 186.0
    Human behavior cannot be understood by using only models of explanation utilized in the natural sciences. Multiple models of explanation, which are not consistent with, or reducible to each other, are required and are in fact used in psychology to explain human actions. This situation, called "Multiexplanation," could cause a problem of developing a justified correspondence between psychological phenomena and multiple models of explanation. Unless this problem is solved, the explanatory capability of a psychological theory seems inconsistent (...)
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  10. Horst D. Steklis & Alex Walter (1991). Culture, Biology, and Human Behavior. Human Nature 2 (2):137-169.score: 186.0
    Social scientists have not integrated relevant knowledge from the biological sciences into their explanations of human behavior. This failure is due to a longstanding antireductionistic bias against the natural sciences, which follows on a commitment to the view that social facts must be explained by social laws. This belief has led many social scientists into the error of reifying abstract analytical constructs into entities that possess powers of agency. It has also led to a false nature-culture dichotomy that (...)
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  11. John Dupré (1998). Against Reductionist Explanations of Human Behaviour: John Dupré. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):153–172.score: 180.0
    [John Dupré] This paper attacks some prominent contemporary attempts to provide reductive accounts of ever wider areas of human behaviour. In particular, I shall address the claims of sociobiology (or evolutionary psychology) to provide a universal account of human nature, and attempts to subsume ever wider domains of behaviour within the scope of economics. I shall also consider some recent suggestions as to how these approaches might be integrated. Having rejected the imperialistic ambitions of these approaches, I shall (...)
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  12. Kevin N. Laland & Gillian Brown (2011). Sense and Nonsense: Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Behaviour. OUP Oxford.score: 180.0
    Evolutionary theory is one of the most wide-ranging and inspiring of scientific ideas. It offers a battery of methods that can be used to interpret human behaviour. But the legitimacy of this exercise is at the centre of a heated controversy that has raged for over a century. Many evolutionary biologists, anthropologists and psychologists are optimistic that evolutionary principles can be applied to human behaviour, and have offered evolutionary explanations for a wide range of human characteristics, such (...)
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  13. John O'Neill (1998). Against Reductionist Explanations of Human Behaviour: John O'Neill. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 72 (1):173–188.score: 180.0
    [John Dupré] This paper attacks some prominent contemporary attempts to provide reductive accounts of ever wider areas of human behaviour. In particular, I shall address the claims of sociobiology (or evolutionary psychology) to provide a universal account of human nature, and attempts to subsume ever wider domains of behaviour within the scope of economics. I shall also consider some recent suggestions as to how these approaches might be integrated. Having rejected the imperialistic ambitions of these approaches, I shall (...)
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  14. Jonathan Kaplan (2008). Economic Rationality and Explaining Human Behavior: An Adaptationist Program? International Journal of Interdisciplinary Social Sciences 3 (7):79-94.score: 180.0
    Attempts to explain human behavior that appeal to economic rationality share many of the same ontological as- sumptions and methodological practices that the so-called ‘adaptationist program’ in biology was criticized for. This program in biology was largely abandoned by biologists as poorly motivated, and replaced with the active testing of both adaptive and non-adaptive hypotheses regarding the spread and maintenance of traits in populations. This development was largely welcome by the biological <span class='Hi'>community</span>, despite having required the development (...)
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  15. I. P. L. McLaren (2009). Both Rules and Associations Are Required to Predict Human Behaviour. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (2):216-217.score: 180.0
    I argue that the dual-process account of human learning rejected by Mitchell et al. in the target article is informative and predictive with respect to human behaviour in a way that the authors' purely propositional account is not. Experiments that reveal different patterns of results under conditions that favour either associative or rule-based performance are the way forward.
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  16. Glenn E. Weisfeld & Peter LaFreniere (2007). Emotions, Not Just Decision-Making Processes, Are Critical to an Evolutionary Model of Human Behavior. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 30 (1):43-44.score: 180.0
    An evolutionary model of human behavior should privilege emotions: essential, phylogenetically ancient behaviors that learning and decision making only subserve. Infants and non-mammals lack advanced cognitive powers but still survive. Decision making is only a means to emotional ends, which organize and prioritize behavior. The emotion of pride/shame, or dominance striving, bridges the social and biological sciences via internalization of cultural norms. (Published Online April 27 2007).
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  17. Paul F. Brain (1998). Androgens and Human Behaviour: A Complex Relationship. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (3):363-364.score: 180.0
    The claimed link between dominance and free testosterone is an intriguing one but problems remain in attempting to link this single hormonal measure to human behaviour. These include the heterogeneous nature of dominance, the precise nature of the correlation(s), and whether only testosterone is important.
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  18. Ana C. Santos (2009). Behavioral Experiments: How and What Can We Learn About Human Behavior. Journal of Economic Methodology 16 (1):71-88.score: 180.0
    This paper addresses the experimental trade?off between the exercise of control over the actions of the experimental participants and the potential to provide understanding about human behavior. Control is a requirement of the experimental method to produce pertinent and intelligible results for scientific inquiry. But the more control is exercised the more the experimental results are the outcome of economists' actions. Economic experiments must therefore achieve a difficult balance. They must elicit intelligible behavior while ensuring that the (...)
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  19. Helen E. Longino (2013). Studying Human Behavior: How Scientists Investigate Aggression and Sexuality. University of Chicago Press.score: 180.0
    In Studying Human Behavior, Helen E. Longino enters into the complexities of human behavioral research, a domain still dominated by the age-old debate of “nature versus nurture.” Rather than supporting one side or another or attempting ...
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  20. Alex Alland (2008). Evolution and Human Behaviour: An Introduction to Darwinian Anthropology. Routledge.score: 180.0
    Originally published in 1967. This reprints the second edition of 1973, revised and expanded. Evolution and Human Behaviour considers man’s biological and cultural development within the framework of Darwinian evolution. Rejecting analogue models of biological evolution common in the social sciences, the author shows how the theory of biological evolution applies to the study of contemporary human behaviour.
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  21. Thomas Pollet (2013). Much Ado About P. What Does a P-Value Mean When Testing Hypotheses with Aggregated Cross-Cultural Data in the Field of Evolution and Human Behavior? Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 180.0
    Much ado about p. What does a p-value mean when testing hypotheses with aggregated cross-cultural data in the field of evolution and human behavior?
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  22. Jack Vromen (2003). Why the Economic Conception of Human Behaviour Might Lack a Biological Basis. Theoria 18 (3):297-323.score: 180.0
    In several recent papers Arthur Robson sketches evolutionary scenarios in order to explain why we humans evolved hard-wired utility functions and the capacity to choose flexibly on the basis of them. Thesescenarios are scrutinized minutely in the paper. It is pointed out that Robson ignores several relevant insightful ideas and distinctions that have surfaced in other contemporary evolutionary theorizing. A somewhat different picture of human behavior emerges once these ideas and distinctions are taken seriously.
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  23. James Demeo (1991). The Origins and Diffusion of Patrism in Saharasia, C.4000 BCE: Evidence for a Worldwide, Climate-Linked Geographical Pattern in Human Behavior. World Futures 30 (4):247-271.score: 180.0
    (1991). The origins and diffusion of patrism in Saharasia, c.4000 BCE: Evidence for a worldwide, climate‐linked geographical pattern in human behavior. World Futures: Vol. 30, No. 4, pp. 247-271.
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  24. Robert G. Fabian (1972). Human Behavior in Deductive Social Theory: The Example of Economics. Inquiry 15 (1-4):411 – 433.score: 180.0
    Economists, in stressing the prescriptive implications of their analysis, typically have ignored the potential contributions of their theorems and methodological principles to the understanding of human behavior as an end in itself. The purpose of the paper is to establish the principle, by detailed reference to the literature of economics, that the 'deductive pattern of explanation' constitutes a valid approach to the general study of human behavior. As such, it is a potentially useful method of analysis (...)
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  25. Tamar Szabó Gendler (2014). The Third Horse: On Unendorsed Association and Human Behaviour. Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 88 (1):185-218.score: 174.0
    On one standard reading, Plato's works contain at least two distinct views about the structure of the human soul. According to the first, there is a crucial unity to human psychology: there is a dominant faculty that is capable of controlling attention and behaviour in a way that not only produces right action, but also ‘silences’ inclinations to the contrary—at least in idealized circumstances. According to the second, the human soul contains multiple autonomous parts, and although one (...)
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  26. Luis Castro-Nogueira Laureano Castro, A. Castro-Nogueira Miguel & A. Toro Miguel (2010). Cultural Transmission and Social Control of Human Behavior. Biology and Philosophy 25 (3).score: 174.0
    Humans have developed the capacity to approve or disapprove of the behavior of their children and of unrelated individuals. The ability to approve or disapprove transformed social learning into a system of cumulative cultural inheritance, because it increased the reliability of cultural transmission. Moreover, people can transmit their behavioral experiences (regarding what can and cannot be done) to their offspring, thereby avoiding the costs of a laborious, and sometimes dangerous, evaluation of different cultural alternatives. Our thesis is that, during (...)
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  27. Lydia P. Kudina & Regina E. Andreeva (2013). Delayed Depolarization and Firing Behavior of Human Motoneurons During Voluntary Muscle Contractions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 174.0
  28. Howard H. Kendler & May F. D'Amato (1955). A Comparison of Reversal Shifts and Nonreversal Shifts in Human Concept Formation Behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology 49 (3):165.score: 168.0
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  29. Louis M. Herman (1966). Information Encoding and Decision Time as Variables in Human Choice Behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology 71 (5):718.score: 168.0
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  30. Derek Bickerton (1996). Language and Human Behavior. Seattle: University Washington Press.score: 162.0
  31. Stephen M. Downes (2002). Some Recent Developments in Evolutionary Approaches to the Study of Human Cognition and Behavior. Biology and Philosophy 16 (5):575-94.score: 162.0
    In this paper I review some theoretical exchanges and empiricalresults from recent work on human behavior and cognition in thehope of indicating some productive avenues for critical engagement.I focus particular attention on methodological debates between Evolutionary Psychologists and behavioral ecologists. I argue for a broader and more encompassing approach to the evolutionarily based study of human behavior and cognition than either of these two rivals present.
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  32. Marya Schechtman (1996). The Story of the Mind: Psychological and Biological Explanations of Human Behavior. Zygon 31 (4):597-614.score: 162.0
  33. Ronald J. Glossop (1970). Explaining Human Behavior. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 30 (March):444-449.score: 162.0
  34. Robert H. Lipsky Frank Krueger, Raja Parasuraman, Vijeth Iyengar, Matthew Thornburg, Jaap Weel, Mingkuan Lin, Ellen Clarke, Kevin McCabe (2012). Oxytocin Receptor Genetic Variation Promotes Human Trust Behavior. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 162.0
    Given that human trust behavior is heritable and intranasal administration of oxytocin enhances trust, the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene is an excellent candidate to investigate genetic contributions to individual variations in trust behavior. Although a single-nucleotide polymorphism involving an adenine (A)/ guanine (G) transition (rs53576) has been associated with socio-emotional phenotypes, its link to trust behavior is unclear. We combined genotyping of healthy male students with the administration of a trust game experiment. Our results show that (...)
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  35. Frank Krueger, Raja Parasuraman, Vijeth Iyengar, Matthew Thornburg, Jaap Weel, Mingkuan Lin, Ellen Clarke, Kevin McCabe & Robert H. Lipsky (2012). Oxytocin Receptor Genetic Variation Promotes Human Trust Behavior. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 162.0
    Given that human trust behavior is heritable and intranasal administration of oxytocin enhances trust, the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene is an excellent candidate to investigate genetic contributions to individual variations in trust behavior. Although a single-nucleotide polymorphism involving an adenine (A)/ guanine (G) transition (rs53576) has been associated with socio-emotional phenotypes, its link to trust behavior is unclear. We combined genotyping of healthy male students with the administration of a trust game experiment. Our results show that (...)
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  36. Dennis V. Razis (ed.) (1996). The Human Predicament: An International Dialogue on the Meaning of Human Behavior. Prometheus Books.score: 162.0
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  37. Mario von Cranach (1976). Methods Of Inference From Animal To Human Behaviour. The Hague: Mouton.score: 162.0
     
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  38. Stephen M. Fiore, Travis J. Wiltshire, Emilio J. C. Lobato, Florian G. Jentsch, Wesley H. Huang & Benjamin Axelrod (2013). Towards Understanding Social Cues and Signals in Human-Robot Interaction: Effects of Robot Gaze and Proxemic Behavior. Frontiers in Psychology 4:859.score: 156.0
    As robots are increasingly deployed in settings requiring social interaction, research is needed to examine the social signals perceived by humans when robots display certain social cues. In this paper, we report a study designed to examine how humans interpret social cues exhibited by robots. We first provide a brief overview of perspectives from social cognition in humans and how these processes are applicable to human-robot interaction (HRI). We then discuss the need to examine the relationship between social cues (...)
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  39. Boaz Miller (2011). REVIEW: Lee McIntyre. Dark Ages: The Case for a Science of Human Behavior. [REVIEW] Spontaneous Generations 5 (1):85-87.score: 156.0
    The social sciences today, Lee McIntyre argues, are in the same state in which the natural sciences were in the Dark Ages. In the same way that religion inhibited the progress of science and the growth of knowledge in the Dark Ages, so is political correctness inhibiting progress in the social sciences and the growth of knowledge today. This is why, so he argues, the social sciences do not follow the scientific method like the natural sciences do, and are hence (...)
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  40. Denis O. Hora & Dermot Barnes-Holmes (2000). Stepping Up to the Challenge of Complex Human Behavior: A Response to Ribes-Iñesta's Response. Behavior and Philosophy 29:59-60.score: 156.0
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  41. George S. Howard, William H. Youngs & Ann M. Siatczynski (forthcoming). A Research Strategy for Studying Telic Human Behavior. Journal of Mind and Behavior.score: 156.0
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  42. Elizabeth D. Hutchison & L. Charlesworth (1998). Human Behavior in the Social Environment. In Josefina Figueira-McDonough, Ann Nichols-Casebolt & F. Ellen Netting (eds.), The Role of Gender in Practice Knowledge: Claiming Half the Human Experience. Garland Pub.. 1086--41.score: 156.0
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  43. Albrecht Classen (ed.) (2010). Laughter in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times: Epistemology of a Fundamental Human Behavior, its Meaning, and Consequences. Walter de Gruyter.score: 156.0
    Introduction: Laughter as an expression of human nature in the Middle Ages and the early modern period: literary, historical, theological, philosophical, and psychological reflections -- Judith Hagen. Laughter in Procopius's wars -- Livnat Holtzman. "Does God really laugh?": appropriate and inappropriate descriptions of God in Islamic traditionalist theology -- Daniel F. Pigg. Laughter in Beowulf: ambiguity, ambivalence, and group identity formation -- Mark Burde. The parodia sacra problem and medieval comic studies -- Olga V. Trokhimenko. Women's laughter and gender (...)
     
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  44. E. Rae Harcum (2012). Principles of Psychology in Religious Context: Psychological and Spiritual Origins of Human Behavior. Hamilton Books.score: 156.0
    This book asserts that the better one understands the causes of behavior, the better one can apply that knowledge to produce a better world.
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  45. Joseph Daniel Unwin (1933). Sexual Regulations and Human Behaviour. London, Williams & Norgate Ltd..score: 156.0
    The coincident facts among uncivilised peoples.--The nature of a cultural change.--Necessity in human affairs.
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  46. Vivian Zayas, Joshua A. Tabak, Gul Gunaydy@ 4n, Jeanne M. Robertson & Jacob Miguel Vigil (2009). A Social-Cognitive Model of Human Behavior Offers a More Parsimonious Account of Emotional Expressivity. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (5):407.score: 156.0
    According to socio-relational theory, men and women encountered different ecologies in their evolutionary past, and, as a result of different ancestral selection pressures, they developed different patterns of emotional expressivity that have persisted across cultures and large human evolutionary time scales. We question these assumptions, and propose that social-cognitive models of individual differences more parsimoniously account for sex differences in emotional expressivity.
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  47. Paul M. Churchland (1988). Folk Psychology and the Explanation of Human Behavior. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 62:209-21.score: 150.0
  48. Mark Fedyk (2011). Evolution and Human Behavior: Darwinian Perspectives on Human Nature. Philosophical Psychology 24 (5):723 - 726.score: 150.0
  49. Paul M. Churchland (1989). Folk Psychology and the Explanation of Human Behavior. Philosophical Perspectives 3:225-241.score: 150.0
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