Search results for 'Human behavior Philosophy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Radhey Shyam Kaushal (2011). The Science of Philosophy: Theory of Fundamental Processes in Human Behaviour and Experiences. D.K. Printworld.
    pt. 1. Basics of eastern and western views -- pt. 2. New analytical methods and workability -- pt. 3. Predictive power and future prospects.
     
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  2. Harold Greenstein (1968). Philosophy, Science and Human Behavior. Dissertation, New York University
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  3. M. D. Akhundov (1991). An American Looks at Soviet Science. A Review of Loren R. Graham, "Science, Philosophy and Human Behavior in the Soviet Union". [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 6 (3):363.
     
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  4. Connie McNabb & Ann Nauman (forthcoming). Behaviorism, While Not Considered an Educational Philosophy, is Most Often Recognized as a Psychological Theory About Human Behavior and Learning. In Their Studies, Behaviorists Focus Only on Observable Human Behavior and Discount Mental Processes. They Believe That All Behavior is Learned, and They Believe That New Learning Is. Behaviorism.
     
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  5. Nils Roll-Hansen (1988). Science, Philosophy, and Human Behaviour in the Soviet Union. [REVIEW] British Journal for the History of Science 21 (3):381-382.
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  6. George L. Newsome (1966). Philosophy of Human Nature Vs. A Functional Analysis of Behavior. Studies in Philosophy and Education 4 (4):404-410.
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  7. Gabriele De Anna (ed.) (2013). Willing the Good: Empirical Challenges to the Explanation of Human Behavior. Cambridge Scholars Publishing.
     
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  8.  19
    Stephen M. Downes (2005). Integrating the Multiple Biological Causes of Human Behavior. Biology and Philosophy 20 (1):177-190.
    I introduce a range of examples of different causal hypotheses about human mate selection. The hypotheses I focus on come from evolutionary psychology, fluctuating asymmetry research and chemical signaling research. I argue that a major obstacle facing an integrated biology of human behavior is the lack of a causal framework that shows how multiple proximate causal mechanisms can act together to produce components of our behavior.
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  9.  18
    Pär Segerdahl (2007). Can Natural Behavior Be Cultivated? The Farm as Local Human/Animal Culture. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 20 (2):167-193.
    Although the notion of natural behavior occurs in many policy-making and legal documents on animal welfare, no consensus has been reached concerning its definition. This paper argues that one reason why the notion resists unanimously accepted definition is that natural behavior is not properly a biological concept, although it aspires to be one, but rather a philosophical tendency to perceive animal behavior in accordance with certain dichotomies between nature and culture, animal and human, original orders and (...)
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  10.  2
    George Howard, William Youngs & Ann Siatczynski (1989). A Research Strategy For Studying Telic Human Behavior. Journal of Mind and Behavior 10 (4):393-412.
    Numerous writers have recently called for reform in psychological theorizing and research methodology designed to appreciate the teleological, active agent capacities of humans. This paper presents three studies that probe individual's abilities to volitionally control their eating behavior. These investigations suggest one way that researchers might consider the operation of telic powers in human action. Rather than seeing teleological explanations as rivals to the more traditional causal explanations favored in psychological research, this paper elaborates a position that sees (...)
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  11.  2
    Robert G. Fabian (1972). Human Behavior in Deductive Social Theory: The Example of Economics. Inquiry 15 (1-4):411 – 433.
    Economists, in stressing the prescriptive implications of their analysis, typically have ignored the potential contributions of their theorems and methodological principles to the understanding of human behavior as an end in itself. The purpose of the paper is to establish the principle, by detailed reference to the literature of economics, that the 'deductive pattern of explanation' constitutes a valid approach to the general study of human behavior. As such, it is a potentially useful method of analysis (...)
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  12.  3
    Sam S. Rakover (1997). Can Psychology Provide a Coherent Account of Human Behavior? A Proposed Multiexplanation-Model Theory. Behavior and Philosophy 25 (1):43 - 76.
    Human behavior cannot be understood by using only models of explanation utilized in the natural sciences. Multiple models of explanation, which are not consistent with, or reducible to each other, are required and are in fact used in psychology to explain human actions. This situation, called "Multiexplanation," could cause a problem of developing a justified correspondence between psychological phenomena and multiple models of explanation. Unless this problem is solved, the explanatory capability of a psychological theory seems inconsistent (...)
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  13. Dennis V. Razis (ed.) (1996). The Human Predicament: An International Dialogue on the Meaning of Human Behavior. Prometheus Books.
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  14. Mario von Cranach (1976). Methods Of Inference From Animal To Human Behaviour. The Hague: Mouton.
     
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  15.  37
    Marko Barendregt & René Van Hezewijk (2005). Adaptive and Genomic Explanations of Human Behaviour: Might Evolutionary Psychology Contribute to Behavioural Genomics? [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 20 (1):57-78.
    . Evolutionary psychology and behavioural genomics are both approaches to explain human behaviour from a genetic point of view. Nonetheless, thus far the development of these disciplines is anything but interdependent. This paper examines the question whether evolutionary psychology can contribute to behavioural genomics. Firstly, a possible inconsistency between the two approaches is reviewed, viz. that evolutionary psychology focuses on the universal human nature and disregards the genetic variation studied by behavioural genomics. Secondly, we will discuss the structure (...)
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  16.  8
    B. F. Skinner (1953). Science and Human Behavior. Free Press Collier-Macmillan.
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  17. Veronica Gventsadze (2001). Human Freedom in the Philosophy of Pierre Gassendi. Dissertation, The University of Chicago
    This dissertation is the first comprehensive study of human freedom in the philosophy of Pierre Gassendi, a 17th century natural scientist, Catholic priest, and one of the founders of Early Modern philosophy. The key postulate of this dissertation is that the epistemology of probabilism, which represents Gassendi's skeptical stance toward the possibility of certain knowledge, is also the foundation of human freedom: the uncertain and merely probable nature of all our knowledge serves as a guarantee of (...)
     
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  18.  7
    Russell Powell (2014). The Philosophy of Human Evolution: Contemporary Debates in Historical Context. Metascience 23 (2):285-291.
    What does human evolutionary theory reveal about the origins of human nature and the constraints it imposes on human cognition, behavior, and society? “The whole field of human evolution is pregnant with philosophical questions of great interest”, Michael Ruse concludes in the final passage of The Philosophy of Human Evolution. This engaging and eminently readable romp through the philosophical landscape of human evolution fills a significant niche in the existing literature. There are (...)
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  19. Lewis A. Froman (1973). The Manuscript of Hugo Potts. Carbondale,Southern Illinois University Press.
    In this unique and mind-expanding book, addressed to general readers as well as students of philosophy, Creel Froman establishes a fascinatingly new way of looking at human behavior. His principal themes are: What does life mean? How do we arrive at answers to such a ques­tion? What is the answer? In a skillful blending of fiction and scholarship, using dialogue, prose, and poetry, he makes his points regarding the human condition.
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  20.  18
    Luis Castro-Nogueira Laureano Castro, A. Castro-Nogueira Miguel & A. Toro Miguel (2010). Cultural Transmission and Social Control of Human Behavior. Biology and Philosophy 25 (3).
    Humans have developed the capacity to approve or disapprove of the behavior of their children and of unrelated individuals. The ability to approve or disapprove transformed social learning into a system of cumulative cultural inheritance, because it increased the reliability of cultural transmission. Moreover, people can transmit their behavioral experiences (regarding what can and cannot be done) to their offspring, thereby avoiding the costs of a laborious, and sometimes dangerous, evaluation of different cultural alternatives. Our thesis is that, during (...)
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  21.  63
    Stephen M. Downes (2002). Some Recent Developments in Evolutionary Approaches to the Study of Human Cognition and Behavior. Biology and Philosophy 16 (5):575-94.
    In this paper I review some theoretical exchanges and empiricalresults from recent work on human behavior and cognition in thehope of indicating some productive avenues for critical engagement.I focus particular attention on methodological debates between Evolutionary Psychologists and behavioral ecologists. I argue for a broader and more encompassing approach to the evolutionarily based study of human behavior and cognition than either of these two rivals present.
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  22.  10
    Denis O. Hora & Dermot Barnes-Holmes (2000). Stepping Up to the Challenge of Complex Human Behavior: A Response to Ribes-Iñesta's Response. Behavior and Philosophy 29:59-60.
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  23.  10
    Tatjana Hörnle (2012). Criminalizing Behaviour to Protect Human Dignity. Criminal Law and Philosophy 6 (3):307-325.
    The purpose of this article is to discuss the criminalization of conduct based on human dignity arguments. It proposes a modest version of integrating human dignity into discussions about criminalization. After a critical examination of both the notion of “human dignity as an objective value” and the assumption that the meaning of human dignity can be explained by referring to Kant’s moral philosophy, human dignity violations are characterized as severe humiliations.
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  24. Konrad Lorenz & Robert Martin (1971). Studies in Animal and Human Behaviour. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22 (1):81-82.
     
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  25. Christine James (1998). Irrationality in Philosophy and Psychology: The Moral Implications of Self-Defeating Behavior. Journal of Consciousness Studies 5 (2):224-234.
    The philosophical study of irrationality can yield interesting insights into the human mind. One provocative issue is self-defeating behaviours, i.e. behaviours that result in failure to achieve one’s apparent goals and ambitions. In this paper I consider a self-defeating behaviour called choking under pressure, explain why it should be considered irrational, and how it is best understood with reference to skills. Then I describe how choking can be explained without appeal to a purely Freudian subconscious or ‘sub-agents’ view of (...)
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  26.  44
    Laureano Castro, Luis Castro-Nogueira, Miguel A. Castro-Nogueira & Miguel A. Toro (2010). Cultural Transmission and Social Control of Human Behavior. Biology and Philosophy 25 (3):347-360.
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  27.  12
    Ernest Adams (1962). Models of Man, Social and Rational: Mathematical Essays on Rational Human Behavior in a Social Setting. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 59 (7):177-182.
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  28.  11
    William Clark Trow (1926). Complacency, the Foundation of Human Behavior. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 23 (14):390-391.
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  29.  10
    M. C. Otto (1927). Influencing Human Behavior. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 24 (14):387-388.
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  30.  9
    J. R. Kantor (1927). A Theoretical Basis of Human Behavior. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 24 (1):22-25.
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  31.  8
    N. E. (1937). Factors Determining Human Behavior. [REVIEW] Journal of Philosophy 34 (6):165-165.
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  32.  12
    Sally Ferguson (2003). Integrating Evolutionary Approaches to Human Behavior. Biology and Philosophy 18 (4):589-598.
  33.  14
    Ronald J. Glossop (1970). Explaining Human Behavior. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 30 (March):444-449.
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  34. Albrecht Classen (ed.) (2010). Laughter in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Times: Epistemology of a Fundamental Human Behavior, its Meaning, and Consequences. Walter de Gruyter.
    Introduction: Laughter as an expression of human nature in the Middle Ages and the early modern period: literary, historical, theological, philosophical, and psychological reflections -- Judith Hagen. Laughter in Procopius's wars -- Livnat Holtzman. "Does God really laugh?": appropriate and inappropriate descriptions of God in Islamic traditionalist theology -- Daniel F. Pigg. Laughter in Beowulf: ambiguity, ambivalence, and group identity formation -- Mark Burde. The parodia sacra problem and medieval comic studies -- Olga V. Trokhimenko. Women's laughter and gender (...)
     
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  35.  15
    Nigel Rapport (ed.) (2010). Human Nature as Capacity: Transcending Discourse and Classification. Berghahn Books.
    This book argues that it is again appropriate to bring "the human" to the fore, to reclaim the singularity of the word as central to the anthropological ...
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  36. Mark Fedyk (2011). Evolution and Human Behavior: Darwinian Perspectives on Human Nature. Philosophical Psychology 24 (5):723 - 726.
  37.  3
    Jonathan Francis Bennett (1995). The Act Itself. Oxford University Press.
    In this major new book, the internationally renowned thinker Jonathan Bennett offers a deeper understanding of what is going on in our own moral thoughts about human behavior. The Act Itself presents a conceptual analysis of descriptions of behavior on which we base our moral judgements, and shows that this analysis can be used as a means toward getting more control of our thoughts and thus of our lives.
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  38. Lee C. Mcintyre (1996). Laws and Explanation in the Social Sciences Defending a Science of Human Behavior. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
  39.  7
    Stephen M. Downes (2005). Pushing Pluralism in the Biology of Human Behaviour. Metascience 14 (2):269-271.
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  40. Margaret Stephenson Meere (2009). The Child Within the Lotus: Human Behaviour From Birth. Rockpool Publishing.
     
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  41. James S. Trefil (2004). Human Nature: A Blueprint for Managing the Earth--By People, for People. Times Books/Henry Holt.
    A radical approach to the environment which argues that by harnessing the power of science for human benefit, we can have a healthier planet As a prizewinning theoretical physicist and an outspoken advocate for scientific literacy, James Trefil has long been the public's guide to a better understanding of the world. In this provocative book, Trefil looks squarely at our environmental future and finds-contrary to popular wisdom-reason to celebrate. For too long, Trefil argues, humans have treated nature as something (...)
     
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  42.  32
    Alex Rosenberg (2005). Lessons From Biology for Philosophy of the Human Sciences. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 35 (1):3-19.
    The social sciences must be biological ones, owing simply to the fact that they focus on the causes and effects of the behavior of members of a biological species, Homo sapiens. Our improved understanding of biology as a science and of the biological realm should enable us therefore to solve several of the outstanding problems of the philosophy of social science. The solution to these problems leaves most of the social and behavioral sciences pretty much as it finds (...)
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  43.  7
    Touko Piiparinen (2006). Reclaiming the Human Stratum, Acknowledging the Complexity of Social Behaviour: From the Linguistic Turn to the Social Cube in Theory of Decision-Making. Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 36 (4):425–452.
    Roy Bhaskar's Social Cube model based on critical realist philosophy has not been dealt with in theory of decision-making at any length, nor has it raised any notable debate in social theory in general. The model demonstrates that decision-making is regulated and transformed by a constantly evolving complexity of mechanisms emerging from physical, mental, material, human and social levels of reality. With the help of this device, Graham Allison's argument against the Rational Actor Model that decisions are not (...)
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  44.  1
    Mary Midgley (1973). The Concept of Beastliness: Philosophy, Ethics and Animal Behaviour: Mary Midgley. Philosophy 48 (184):111-135.
    Every age has its pet contradictions. Thirty years ago, we used to accept Marx and Freud together, and then wonder, like the chameleon on the tartan, why life was so confusing. Today there is similar trouble over the question whether there is, or is not, something called Human Nature. On the one hand, there has been an explosion of animal behaviour studies, and comparisons between animals and men have become immensely popular. People use evidence from animals to decide whether (...)
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  45. Patrick Suppes (1964). On an Example of Unpredictability in Human Behavior. Philosophy of Science 31 (2):143-148.
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  46.  3
    Herbert A. Simon (1962). Models of Man, Social and Rational: Mathematical Essays on Rational Human Behavior in a Social Setting. Journal of Philosophy 59 (7):177-182.
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  47.  15
    Patrick L. Bourgeois (1988). Meaning and Human Behavior. Southern Journal of Philosophy 26 (3):339-349.
  48.  87
    Leslie A. White (1940). The Symbol: The Origin and Basis of Human Behavior. Philosophy of Science 7 (4):451-463.
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  49. Lawrence Nixon, Maggie Gregson & Trish Spedding (forthcoming). Explaining and Understanding Human Behaviour: The Case of Learning Styles and the Matter of Difference. Journal of Philosophy of Education: Philosophy of Education Society of Great Britain.
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  50.  35
    Kim Sterelny (1992). Evolutionary Explanations of Human Behaviour. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 70 (2):156 – 173.
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