Search results for 'Human beings Effect of environment on' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Timothy Clack (2009). Ancestral Roots: Modern Living and Human Evolution. Macmillan.
    Human evolution explains how we have found ourselves in the wrong place at the wrong time. Issues of modern living; depression, obesity, and environmental destruction, can be understood in relation to our evolutionary past. This book shows how an awareness of this past and its relation to the present can help limit their impact on the future.
     
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  2. James S. Trefil (2004). Human Nature: A Blueprint for Managing the Earth--By People, for People. Times Books/Henry Holt.
    A radical approach to the environment which argues that by harnessing the power of science for human benefit, we can have a healthier planet As a prizewinning theoretical physicist and an outspoken advocate for scientific literacy, James Trefil has long been the public's guide to a better understanding of the world. In this provocative book, Trefil looks squarely at our environmental future and finds-contrary to popular wisdom-reason to celebrate. For too long, Trefil argues, humans have treated nature as (...)
     
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  3. Tim Ingold (2011). Being Alive: Essays on Movement, Knowledge and Description. Routledge.
     
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  4.  17
    John Barry (2007). Environment and Social Theory. Routledge.
    Environment and Social Theory provides a concise introduction to the relationship between the environment and social theory, both historically and within contemporary social theory.
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  5. Moṭi Yardeni (2007). Ḳofim ʻim Shigaʻon Gadlut: O, Zeh Pashuṭ Yoter Mi-Mah She-Ḥashavtem. Shalhevet.
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  6.  26
    René J. Dubos (1965). Man Adapting. New Haven, Yale University Press.
    The biological and social problems of human adaptation, including nutrition, the co-evolution of diseases, indigenous microbiota, environmental pollution, and population growth.
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  7.  2
    Lee Alan Dugatkin (2009). Mr. Jefferson and the Giant Moose: Natural History in Early America. The University of Chicago Press.
    Capturing the essence of the origin and evolution of the so-called "degeneracy debates," over whether the flora and fauna of America (including Native ...
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  8. John Haynes Holmes (1931). Is the Universe Friendly? New York City, the Community Church.
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  9.  17
    Gregory E. Kaebnick (ed.) (2011). The Ideal of Nature: Debates About Biotechnology and the Environment. Johns Hopkins University Press.
    This volume probes whether "nature" and "the natural" are capable of guiding moral deliberations in policy making.
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  10.  12
    Warwick Fox (2006). A Theory of General Ethics: Human Relationships, Nature, and the Built Environment. The MIT Press.
    With A Theory of General Ethics Warwick Fox both defines the field of General Ethics and offers the first example of a truly general ethics. Specifically, he develops a single, integrated approach to ethics that encompasses the realms of interhuman ethics, the ethics of the natural environment, and the ethics of the built environment. Thus Fox offers what is in effect the first example of an ethical "Theory of Everything."Fox refers to his own approach to General Ethics (...)
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  11.  21
    Niklas Luhmann (1989). Ecological Communication. Polity Press.
    Niklas Luhmann is widely recognized as one of the most original thinkers in the social sciences today. This major new work further develops the theories of the author by offering a challenging analysis of the relationship between society and the environment. Luhmann extends the concept of "ecology" to refer to any analysis that looks at connections between social systems and the surrounding environment. He traces the development of the notion of "environment" from the medieval idea--which encompasses both (...)
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  12.  18
    Pascal Paillé, Yang Chen, Olivier Boiral & Jiafei Jin (2013). The Impact of Human Resource Management on Environmental Performance: An Employee-Level Study. Journal of Business Ethics 121 (3):1-16.
    This field study investigated the relationship between strategic human resource management, internal environmental concern, organizational citizenship behavior for the environment, and environmental performance. The originality of the present research was to link human resource management and environmental management in the Chinese context. Data consisted of 151 matched questionnaires from top management team members, chief executive officers, and frontline workers. The main results indicate that organizational citizenship behavior for the environment fully mediates the relationship between strategic (...) resource management and environmental performance, and that internal environmental concern moderates the effect of strategic human resource management on organizational citizenship behavior for the environment. (shrink)
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  13. R. F. Ellen & Katsuyoshi Fukui (eds.) (1996). Redefining Nature: Ecology, Culture, and Domestication. Berg.
    - How can anthropology improve our understanding of the interrelationship between nature and culture? - What can anthropology contribute to practical debates which depend on particular definitions of nature, such as that concerning sustainable development? Humankind has evolved over several million years by living in and utilizing 'nature' and by assimilating it into 'culture'. Indeed, the technological and cultural advancement of the species has been widely acknowledged to rest upon human domination and control of nature. Yet, by the 1960s, (...)
     
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  14.  71
    Abraham P. Bos (2010). Aristotle on the Difference Between Plants, Animals, and Human Beings and on the Elements as Instruments of the Soul (De Anima 2.4.415b18). [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 63 (4):821-841.
    Why do all animals possess sense perception while plants don’t? And should the difference in quality of life between human beings and wolves be explained by supposing that wolves have degenerated souls? This paper argues that for Aristotle differences in quality of life among living beings are based on differences in the quality of their soul-principle together with the body that receives the soul. The paper proposes a new interpretation of On the Soul 2.4.415b18: “For all the (...)
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  15.  26
    Carolyn Merchant (2003). Reinventing Eden: The Fate of Nature in Western Culture. Routledge.
    Visionary quests to return to the Garden of Eden have shaped Western culture from Columbus' voyages to today's tropical island retreats. Few narratives are so powerful - and, as Carolyn Merchant shows, so misguided and destructive - as the dream of recapturing a lost paradise. A sweeping account of these quixotic endeavors by one of America's leading environmentalists, Reinventing Eden traces the idea of rebuilding the primeval garden from its origins to its latest incarnations in shopping malls, theme parks and (...)
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  16. Philip W. Sutton (2004). Nature, Environment, and Society. Palgrave Macmillan.
    How have sociologists responded to the emergence of environmentalism? What has sociology to offer the study of environmental problems? This uniquely comprehensive guide traces the origins and development of environmental movements and environmental issues, providing a critical review of the most significant debates in the new field of environmental sociology. It covers environmental ideas, environmental movements, social constructionism, critical realism, "ecocentric" theory, environmental identities, risk society theory, sustainable development, Green consumerism, ecological modernization and debates around modernity and post- modernity. Philip (...)
     
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  17.  3
    James V. Kohl (2012). Human Pheromones and Food Odors: Epigenetic Influences on the Socioaffective Nature of Evolved Behaviors. Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology 2.
    Background: Olfactory cues directly link the environment to gene expression. Two types of olfactory cues, food odors and social odors, alter genetically predisposed hormone-mediated activity in the mammalian brain. Methods: The honeybee is a model organism for understanding the epigenetic link from food odors and social odors to neural networks of the mammalian brain, which ultimately determine human behavior. Results: Pertinent aspects that extend the honeybee model to human behavior include bottom-up followed by top-down gene, cell, tissue, (...)
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  18.  7
    Erich Ritter & Raid Amin (2012). Effect of Human Body Position on the Swimming Behavior of Bull Sharks, Carcharhinus Leucas. Society and Animals 20 (3):225-235.
    This study tested whether human body orientation can influence the behavior of bull sharks by examining sharks’ approach distances from a person positioned vertically or horizontally in the water. Results showed that bull sharks, Carcharhinus leucas, kept a significantly greater distance when the test subject was standing in chest-deep water with his head above water versus lying on the ocean floor. Furthermore, larger bull sharks in the immediate area withdrew when the subject entered the water.
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  19.  5
    Raid Amin & Erich Ritter (2012). Effect of Human Body Position on the Swimming Behavior of Bull Sharks, Carcharhinus Leucas. Society and Animals 20 (3):225-235.
    This study tested whether human body orientation can influence the behavior of bull sharks by examining sharks’ approach distances from a person positioned vertically or horizontally in the water. Results showed that bull sharks, Carcharhinus leucas, kept a significantly greater distance when the test subject was standing in chest-deep water with his head above water versus lying on the ocean floor. Furthermore, larger bull sharks in the immediate area withdrew when the subject entered the water.
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  20.  9
    George Z. Peng & Paul W. Beamish (2008). The Effect of National Corporate Responsibility Environment on Japanese Foreign Direct Investment. Journal of Business Ethics 80 (4):677 - 695.
    We examine the relationship between Japanese foreign direct investment (FDI) and the national corporate responsibility (NCR) environment in host countries using corporate social responsibility and international business theories. Based on data from the Japanese Government’s Ministry of Finance AccountAbility, and other sources, we find that the level of NCR has a positive relationship with FDI inflow for developing countries. The relationship for developed countries is negative but not statistically significant. The underlying host country development stage moderates the relationship. The (...)
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  21.  4
    E. Cioflec (2012). On Hannah Arendt: The Worldly In-Between of Human Beings and its Ethical Consequences. South African Journal of Philosophy 31 (4):646-663.
    In this paper, I show how a concept of ethics can be derived from Hannah Arendt’s theory of action in The Human Condition , which contains from her call for action. When she looks at the ‘political actor’, as well as at the concept of ‘political situation’, her ethical claim is first of all the need to take initiative, to act. Hence, ‘political situations’ as she defines them are discussed as common responsibilities. But common responsibility is rooted in the (...)
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  22.  15
    Giovanni Felice Azzone (2003). The Dual Biological Identity of Human Beings and the Naturalization of Morality. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 25 (2):211 - 241.
    The last two centuries have been the centuries of the discovery of the cell evolution: in the XIX century of the germinal cells and in the XX century of two groups of somatic cells, namely those of the brain-mind and of the immune systems. Since most cells do not behave in this way, the evolutionary character of the brain-mind and of the immune systems renders human beings formed by two different groups of somatic cells, one with a deterministic (...)
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  23.  19
    Patrick L. Taylor (2005). The Gap Between Law and Ethics in Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Overcoming the Effect of U.S. Federal Policy on Research Advances and Public Benefit. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (4):589-616.
    Key ethical issues arise in association with the conduct of stem cell research by research institutions in the United States. These ethical issues, summarized in detail, receive no adequate translation into federal laws or regulations, also described in this article. U.S. Federal policy takes a passive approach to these ethical issues, translating them simply into limitations on taxpayer funding, and foregoes scientific and ethical leadership while protecting intellectual property interests through a laissez faire approach to stem cell patents and licenses. (...)
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  24.  1
    H. W. Leibowitz & Lewis O. Harvey Jr (1969). Effect of Instructions, Environment, and Type of Test Object on Matched Size. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):36.
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  25.  23
    H. Schmidt (2007). Whose Dignity? Resolving Ambiguities in the Scope of "Human Dignity" in the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights. Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (10):578-584.
    In October 2005, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization adopted the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights . A concept of central importance in the declaration is that of “human dignity”. However, there is lack of clarity about its scope, especially concerning the question of whether prenatal human life has the same dignity and rights as born human beings. This ambiguity has implications for the interpretation of important articles of the delcaration, including (...)
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  26.  8
    Shaomin Li, Kiran Karande & Dongsheng Zhou (2009). The Effect of the Governance Environment on Marketing Channel Behaviors: The Diamond Industries in the U.S., China, and Hong Kong. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 88 (3):453 - 471.
    International differences in how market exchanges are conducted (e.g., the mode of entry, level of ownership, and conflict resolution) have been attributed mainly to national culture and cultural distance. However, the cultural arguments cannot explain why economies/countries with similar cultural backgrounds (e.g., Hong Kong and China) exhibit differences in exchange arrangements. Thus, the cultural arguments provide little strategic guidance to multinational corporations (MNCs) in international marketing. We propose that in addition to culture, the governance environment in a country, namely, (...)
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  27.  62
    Helen Thornton (2005). State of Nature or Eden?: Thomas Hobbes and His Contemporaries on the Natural Condition of Human Beings. University of Rochester Press.
    State of nature or Eden? -- Hobbes' state of nature as an account of the fall? -- Hobbes' own belief or unbelief -- The contemporary reaction to Leviathan -- Hobbes and commentaries on Genesis -- A note on method and chapter order -- Good and evil -- Hobbes on good and evil -- The 'seditious doctrines' of the schoolmen -- The contemporary reaction -- The scriptural account -- The state of nature as an account of the fall? -- Equality and (...)
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  28.  3
    Valerio Biscione, Giancarlo Petrosino & Domenico Parisi (2015). External Stores: Simulating the Evolution of Storing Goods and its Effects on Human Behaviour. Interaction Studies 16 (1):118-140.
    Human beings possess external stores in which they put all sorts of goods to use them at some later time. In this paper we investigate this typically human adaptation using agent-based simulations. We show that the use of external stores explains many aspects of human life, allowing the agents to reduce their dependence on both the environment and the current state of their body and to be more efficient in extracting the energy contained in the (...)
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  29.  4
    Krystyna Najder-Stefaniak (2007). Architecture as the Art of Shaping the Human Environment and Human Space. Dialogue and Universalism 17 (12):115-121.
    The author suggests to view the architectural planning of the human environment as „directing” the phenomena and events that occur in human surroundings. In her reflections on human existence she juxtaposes the concepts “environment” and “space”, which both accentuate different aspects of the human environment. The author views “environment” as the objective existence of human surroundings, and “space” as the effect of environmental envisionment and experiencing the environment by means (...)
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  30.  86
    Ruth Beatson, Stephen Loughnan & Michael Halloran (2009). Attitudes Toward Animals: The Effect of Priming Thoughts of Human-Animal Similarities and Mortality Salience on the Evaluation of Companion Animals. Society and Animals 17 (1):72-89.
    Human attitudes toward nonhuman animals are complex and quite contradictory. They can range between extremely negative to positive . Attitudes toward animals are especially negative when people think about human creatureliness and personal mortality. This paper investigates people's attitudes toward highly valued animals . The research presented here tested whether companion-animal caregivers would respond to reminders of human creatureliness and mortality salience with more negative attitudes toward pets. Participants completed an online survey in (...)
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  31.  1
    Frank Yu & Guoqian Tu (2015). Tunneling or Not? The Change of Legal Environment on the Effect of Post-Privatization Performance. Journal of Business Ethics 129 (2):491-510.
    Motivated by Hoff and Stiglitz’s :753–763, 2004) theory, we examine empirically how the creation of “rules of the game” affect the behavior of economic agents in a transition economy. Using a sample of Chinese state-owned enterprises in which controlling ownership was transferred to private acquirers between 1994 and 2006, we find that the post-privatization performance of firms depends on institutional factors. Before 2003, we observe severe post-privatization tunneling behaviors by acquirers and worse PPP. However, from 2003, when the State issued (...)
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  32.  34
    Ruth Beatson, Stephen Loughnan & Michael Halloran (2009). Attitudes Toward Animals: The Effect of Priming Thoughts of Human-Animal Similarities and Mortality Salience on the Evaluation of Companion Animals. Society and Animals 17 (1):72-89.
    Human attitudes toward nonhuman animals are complex and quite contradictory. They can range between extremely negative to positive . Attitudes toward animals are especially negative when people think about human creatureliness and personal mortality. This paper investigates people's attitudes toward highly valued animals . The research presented here tested whether companion-animal caregivers would respond to reminders of human creatureliness and mortality salience with more negative attitudes toward pets. Participants completed an online survey in which MS and (...)-creatureliness conditions were manipulated. Results showed that, under MS, even pet owners responded to reminders of human creatureliness with less positive attitudes toward the average pet. Thus, the effects observed in previous research extend to more popular animals, even among people with presumably positive attitudes toward animals. (shrink)
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  33.  41
    Bernard Williams (forthcoming). Must a Concern for the Environment Be Centred on Human Beings. Ethics and the Environment.
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  34. A. Johnson, K. R. Coventry & E. M. Thompson (2009). The Effect of Goals on Memory for Human Mazes in Real and Virtual Space. In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.
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  35. Vanisha Nambiar (2008). Effect of Environment on Food Safety-Indian Scenario. In Kuruvila Pandikattu (ed.), Dancing to Diversity: Science-Religion Dialogue in India. Serials Publications 80.
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  36.  12
    Jason T. Eberl (2004). Aquinas on the Nature of Human Beings. Review of Metaphysics 58 (2):333 - 365.
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  37. Wolff (2009). Christian Wolff: Rational Thoughts on God, the World and the Soul of Human Beings; Also All Things in General (1720). In Eric Watkins (ed.), Kant's Critique of Pure Reason: Background Source Materials. Cambridge University Press
  38. Koyo Fukasawa, Masami Sekine & Kenji Ishigaki (1999). The Possibility of the Understanding on Human Beings in Sport. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport and Physical Education 21 (1):31-41.
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  39.  7
    Li Shuyou (1988). On Characteristics of Human Beings in Ancient Chinese Philosophy. Journal of Chinese Philosophy 15 (3):221-253.
  40.  9
    Gary Hansen, Arthur Tomie, David R. Thomas & Doris H. Thomas (1974). Effect of Test Stimulus Range on Stimulus Generalization in Human Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 102 (4):634.
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  41.  9
    H. Gurnee (1938). The Effect of Electric Shock for Right Responses on Maze Learning in Human Subjects. Journal of Experimental Psychology 22 (4):354.
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  42.  2
    James R. Misanin, Larry E. Turns, Nancy A. Lariviere & Charles F. Hinderliter (1985). The Effect of the Home Cage Environment on Retention of an Active Avoidance Response in Previsual Rats. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 23 (2):146-148.
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  43.  3
    William C. Gordon & Robert H. Dufort (1973). The Effect of a Ready Signal on the Relationship Between Habit and Drive Variables in Human Eyelid Conditioning. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 1 (2):117-118.
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  44.  3
    David R. Hotchkiss, Nancy B. Mock & Eric E. Seiber (2002). The Effect of the Health Care Supply Environment on Children’s Nutritional Status in Rural Nepal. Journal of Biosocial Science 34 (2):173.
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  45. Daniel L. Koch & Gene H. Moffat (1974). Effect of Type of Aversive Event and Warning Signal Duration on Human Avoidance Performance. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 3 (4):285-288.
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  46.  1
    Gerald W. Morlock & Merle E. Meyer (1976). The Effect of Pre-Exposure to Complex Stimuli on Activity in a Novel Environment. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 7 (1):53-54.
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  47.  1
    Carlos Y. Valenzuela (2013). The Ontogenetic Origin of Human Beings in the Scientific-Ethics Perspective and its Implications on Abortion. Journal of Clinical Research and Bioethics 4 (3).
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  48. Goro Abe (1997). Possibility of the Theoretical Understanding on Human Beings in the Academic Cognition of Physical Education. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport and Physical Education 19 (1):3-23.
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  49. David R. Cummings (2007). Additional Confirmation for the Effect of Environmental Light Intensity on the Seasonality of Human Conceptions. Journal of Biosocial Science 39 (3):383.
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  50. A. N. Gupta, V. S. Mathur & S. K. Garg (1977). Effect of Oral Contraceptives on the Production and Composition of Human Milk. Journal of Biosocial Science 9 (S4):123-133.
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