Search results for 'Human beings Effect of environment on' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Timothy Clack (2009). Ancestral Roots: Modern Living and Human Evolution. Macmillan.score: 1590.0
    Human evolution explains how we have found ourselves in the wrong place at the wrong time. Issues of modern living; depression, obesity, and environmental destruction, can be understood in relation to our evolutionary past. This book shows how an awareness of this past and its relation to the present can help limit their impact on the future.
     
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  2. James S. Trefil (2004). Human Nature: A Blueprint for Managing the Earth--By People, for People. Times Books/Henry Holt.score: 1590.0
    A radical approach to the environment which argues that by harnessing the power of science for human benefit, we can have a healthier planet As a prizewinning theoretical physicist and an outspoken advocate for scientific literacy, James Trefil has long been the public's guide to a better understanding of the world. In this provocative book, Trefil looks squarely at our environmental future and finds-contrary to popular wisdom-reason to celebrate. For too long, Trefil argues, humans have treated nature as (...)
     
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  3. Tim Ingold (2011). Being Alive: Essays on Movement, Knowledge and Description. Routledge.score: 1440.0
  4. John Barry (2007). Environment and Social Theory. Routledge.score: 1404.0
    Environment and Social Theory provides a concise introduction to the relationship between the environment and social theory, both historically and within contemporary social theory.
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  5. René J. Dubos (1965). Man Adapting. New Haven, Yale University Press.score: 1404.0
    The biological and social problems of human adaptation, including nutrition, the co-evolution of diseases, indigenous microbiota, environmental pollution, and population growth.
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  6. Moṭi Yardeni (2007). Ḳofim ʻim Shigaʻon Gadlut: O, Zeh Pashuṭ Yoter Mi-Mah She-Ḥashavtem. Shalhevet.score: 1386.0
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  7. Lee Alan Dugatkin (2009). Mr. Jefferson and the Giant Moose: Natural History in Early America. The University of Chicago Press.score: 1350.0
    Capturing the essence of the origin and evolution of the so-called "degeneracy debates," over whether the flora and fauna of America (including Native ...
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  8. John Haynes Holmes (1931). Is the Universe Friendly? New York City, the Community Church.score: 1332.0
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  9. R. F. Ellen & Katsuyoshi Fukui (eds.) (1996). Redefining Nature: Ecology, Culture, and Domestication. Berg.score: 1254.0
    - How can anthropology improve our understanding of the interrelationship between nature and culture? - What can anthropology contribute to practical debates which depend on particular definitions of nature, such as that concerning sustainable development? Humankind has evolved over several million years by living in and utilizing 'nature' and by assimilating it into 'culture'. Indeed, the technological and cultural advancement of the species has been widely acknowledged to rest upon human domination and control of nature. Yet, by the 1960s, (...)
     
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  10. Niklas Luhmann (1989). Ecological Communication. Polity Press.score: 1206.0
    Niklas Luhmann is widely recognized as one of the most original thinkers in the social sciences today. This major new work further develops the theories of the author by offering a challenging analysis of the relationship between society and the environment. Luhmann extends the concept of "ecology" to refer to any analysis that looks at connections between social systems and the surrounding environment. He traces the development of the notion of "environment" from the medieval idea--which encompasses both (...)
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  11. Philip W. Sutton (2004). Nature, Environment, and Society. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 1170.0
    How have sociologists responded to the emergence of environmentalism? What has sociology to offer the study of environmental problems? This uniquely comprehensive guide traces the origins and development of environmental movements and environmental issues, providing a critical review of the most significant debates in the new field of environmental sociology. It covers environmental ideas, environmental movements, social constructionism, critical realism, "ecocentric" theory, environmental identities, risk society theory, sustainable development, Green consumerism, ecological modernization and debates around modernity and post- modernity. Philip (...)
     
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  12. Gregory E. Kaebnick (ed.) (2011). The Ideal of Nature: Debates About Biotechnology and the Environment. Johns Hopkins University Press.score: 1146.0
    This volume probes whether "nature" and "the natural" are capable of guiding moral deliberations in policy making.
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  13. Carolyn Merchant (2003). Reinventing Eden: The Fate of Nature in Western Culture. Routledge.score: 1128.0
    Visionary quests to return to the Garden of Eden have shaped Western culture from Columbus' voyages to today's tropical island retreats. Few narratives are so powerful - and, as Carolyn Merchant shows, so misguided and destructive - as the dream of recapturing a lost paradise. A sweeping account of these quixotic endeavors by one of America's leading environmentalists, Reinventing Eden traces the idea of rebuilding the primeval garden from its origins to its latest incarnations in shopping malls, theme parks and (...)
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  14. Giovanni Felice Azzone (2003). The Dual Biological Identity of Human Beings and the Naturalization of Morality. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 25 (2):211 - 241.score: 938.0
    The last two centuries have been the centuries of the discovery of the cell evolution: in the XIX century of the germinal cells and in the XX century of two groups of somatic cells, namely those of the brain-mind and of the immune systems. Since most cells do not behave in this way, the evolutionary character of the brain-mind and of the immune systems renders human beings formed by two different groups of somatic cells, one with a deterministic (...)
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  15. Pascal Paillé, Yang Chen, Olivier Boiral & Jiafei Jin (2013). The Impact of Human Resource Management on Environmental Performance: An Employee-Level Study. Journal of Business Ethics 121 (3):1-16.score: 920.0
    This field study investigated the relationship between strategic human resource management, internal environmental concern, organizational citizenship behavior for the environment, and environmental performance. The originality of the present research was to link human resource management and environmental management in the Chinese context. Data consisted of 151 matched questionnaires from top management team members, chief executive officers, and frontline workers. The main results indicate that organizational citizenship behavior for the environment fully mediates the relationship between strategic (...) resource management and environmental performance, and that internal environmental concern moderates the effect of strategic human resource management on organizational citizenship behavior for the environment. (shrink)
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  16. Krystyna Najder-Stefaniak (2007). Architecture as the Art of Shaping the Human Environment and Human Space. Dialogue and Universalism 17 (12):115-121.score: 903.3
    The author suggests to view the architectural planning of the human environment as „directing” the phenomena and events that occur in human surroundings. In her reflections on human existence she juxtaposes the concepts “environment” and “space”, which both accentuate different aspects of the human environment. The author views “environment” as the objective existence of human surroundings, and “space” as the effect of environmental envisionment and experiencing the environment by means (...)
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  17. James V. Kohl (2012). Human Pheromones and Food Odors: Epigenetic Influences on the Socioaffective Nature of Evolved Behaviors. Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology 2.score: 901.7
    Background: Olfactory cues directly link the environment to gene expression. Two types of olfactory cues, food odors and social odors, alter genetically predisposed hormone-mediated activity in the mammalian brain. Methods: The honeybee is a model organism for understanding the epigenetic link from food odors and social odors to neural networks of the mammalian brain, which ultimately determine human behavior. Results: Pertinent aspects that extend the honeybee model to human behavior include bottom-up followed by top-down gene, cell, tissue, (...)
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  18. Tamara Giles-Vernick (2002). Cutting the Vines of the Past: Environmental Histories of the Central African Rain Forest. University Press of Virginia.score: 892.7
    Cutting the Vines of the Past offers a novel argument: African ways of seeing and interpreting their environments and past are not only critical to how ...
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  19. Derrick Jensen (2008). How Shall I Live My Life?: On Liberating the Earth From Civilization. Pm Press.score: 890.0
    In this collection of interviews, Derrick Jensen discusses the destructive dominant culture with ten people who have devoted their lives to undermining it. Whether it is Carolyn Raffensperger and her radical approach to public health, or Thomas Berry on perceiving the sacred; be it Kathleen Dean Moore reminding us that our bodies are made of mountains, rivers, and sunlight; or Vine Deloria asserting that our dreams tell us more about the world than science ever can, the activists and philosophers interviewed (...)
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  20. Solveiga Cirtautienė (2013). Impact of Human Rights on Private Law in Lithuania and Other European Countries: Problematic Aspects. Jurisprudence 20 (1):77-90.score: 851.0
    The aim of this article is to investigate the problem how and to what extent human rights affect the relationships between private parties and what consequences this effect has for the development of private law in Lithuania and other European countries. Because Lithuanian legal doctrine lacks relevant research on this subject-matter, the author seeks to start and invoke the beginning of conceptual academic discourse on the matter. It is argued that despite the fact that in many countries the (...)
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  21. Gilles Lamoureux (2004). Towards the Death of Humanity: Dehumanization: The Affliction Destroying Mankind and Modern Society, Immunologist and Emeritus Professor. Authorhouse.score: 850.0
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  22. William Leiss (1972/1974). The Domination of Nature. Boston,Beacon Press.score: 820.0
    In Part One Leiss traces the idea of the domination of nature from the Renaissance to the nineteenth century.
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  23. Stephen Duguid (2010). Nature in Modernity: Servant, Citizen, Queen or Comrade. Peter Lang.score: 820.0
    This is explored in a series of chapters that focus on our hunter-gatherer heritage, the shift to a more sedentary and agricultural life and the subsequent ...
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  24. John Elder (2006). Pilgrimage to Vallombrosa: From Vermont to Italy in the Footsteps of George Perkins Marsh. University of Virginia Press.score: 820.0
    Marrying the map -- Headwaters -- Compatriots -- Saint Beech -- After olive picking -- Hunter in the sky -- Gifts of prophecy -- The broken sheepfold -- Mowing -- Dust of snow -- Inheriting Mount Tom -- Forever wild again -- Into the wind -- Maggie Brook.
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  25. Brian Clegg (2010). Armageddon Science: The Science of Mass Destruction. St. Martin's Press.score: 820.0
    Mad scientists -- Big bangs and black holes -- Atomic devastation -- Climate catastrophe -- Extreme biohazard -- Gray goo -- Information meltdown -- No longer human -- Future fears and natural pitfalls -- Cautious optimism.
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  26. Martinus Antonius Maria Drenthen, Jozef Keulartz & James D. Proctor (eds.) (2009). New Visions of Nature: Complexity and Authenticity. Springer.score: 820.0
    The contributions to this volume explore perceptual and conceptual boundaries between the human and the natural, or between an 'out there' and 'in here.
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  27. M. N. Feleafel & Z. M. Mirdad (2013). Hazard and Effects of Pollution by Lead on Vegetable Crops. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (3):547-567.score: 810.0
    Lead (Pb) contamination of the environment is an important human health problem. Children are vulnerable to Pb toxicity; it causes damage to the central nervous system and, in some extreme cases, can cause death. Lead is widespread, especially in the urban environment, and is present in the atmosphere, soil, water and food. Pb tends to accumulate in surface soil because of its low solubility, mobility, and relative freedom from microbial degradation of this element in the soil. Lead (...)
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  28. Abraham P. Bos (2010). Aristotle on the Difference Between Plants, Animals, and Human Beings and on the Elements as Instruments of the Soul (De Anima 2.4.415b18). [REVIEW] Review of Metaphysics 63 (4):821-841.score: 796.0
    Why do all animals possess sense perception while plants don’t? And should the difference in quality of life between human beings and wolves be explained by supposing that wolves have degenerated souls? This paper argues that for Aristotle differences in quality of life among living beings are based on differences in the quality of their soul-principle together with the body that receives the soul. The paper proposes a new interpretation of On the Soul 2.4.415b18: “For all the (...)
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  29. Patrick L. Taylor (2005). The Gap Between Law and Ethics in Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Overcoming the Effect of U.S. Federal Policy on Research Advances and Public Benefit. Science and Engineering Ethics 11 (4):589-616.score: 793.3
    Key ethical issues arise in association with the conduct of stem cell research by research institutions in the United States. These ethical issues, summarized in detail, receive no adequate translation into federal laws or regulations, also described in this article. U.S. Federal policy takes a passive approach to these ethical issues, translating them simply into limitations on taxpayer funding, and foregoes scientific and ethical leadership while protecting intellectual property interests through a laissez faire approach to stem cell patents and licenses. (...)
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  30. S. J. Samartha & Lynn De Silva (eds.) (1979). Man in Nature: Guest or Engineer?: A Preliminary Enquiry by Christians and Buddhists Into the Religious Dimensions in Humanity's Relation to Nature. Ecumenical Institute for Study and Dialogue in Co-Operation with the World Council of Churches.score: 775.0
     
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  31. Tetsurō Watsuji (1961/1988). Climate and Culture: A Philosophical Study. Greenwood Press.score: 775.0
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  32. Kathryn Paxton George (1990). So Animal a Human ..., Or the Moral Relevance of Being an Omnivore. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 3 (2):172-186.score: 769.3
    It is argued that the question of whether or not one is required to be or become a strict vegetarian depends, not upon a rule or ideal that endorses vegetarianism on moral grounds, but rather upon whether one's own physical, biological nature is adapted to maintaining health and well-being on a vegetarian diet. Even if we accept the view that animals have rights, we still have no duty to make ourselves substantially worse off for the sake of other rights-holders. Moreover, (...)
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  33. Derek Dalton & Robin R. Radtke (2013). The Joint Effects of Machiavellianism and Ethical Environment on Whistle-Blowing. Journal of Business Ethics 117 (1):153-172.score: 767.5
    Given the importance of the Machiavellianism construct on informing a wide range of ethics research, we focus on gaining a better understanding of Machiavellianism within the whistle-blower context. In this regard, we examine the effect of Machiavellianism on whistle-blowing, focusing on the underlying mechanisms through which Machiavellianism affects whistle-blowing. Further, because individuals who are higher in Machiavellianism (high Machs) are expected to be less likely to report wrongdoing, we examine the ability of an organization’s ethical environment to increase (...)
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  34. Yonghe Cui (ed.) (2011). Zou Xiang Hou Xian Dai de Huan Jing Lun Li. Ren Min Chu Ban She.score: 760.0
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  35. Margherita D'Amico (2007). La Pelle Dell'orso: Noi E Gli Altri Animali. Mondadori.score: 760.0
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  36. P. C. W. Davies & Jill Gready (eds.) (1995). God, Cosmos, Nature, and Creativity. Scottish Academic Press.score: 760.0
     
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  37. Warwick Fox (1990). Toward a Transpersonal Ecology: Developing New Foundations for Environmentalism. Distributed in the U.S. By Random House.score: 760.0
  38. Xiaocheng Han (2005). Ke Xue Mian Lin Wei Ji: Xian Dai Ke Ji de Ren Wen Fan Si. Zhongguo She Hui Chu Ban She.score: 760.0
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  39. Nicodème Sako (2009). Comment Rendre Une Nation Puissante: Stratégies Pour le Pouvoir des Nations. Books on Demand Gmbh.score: 760.0
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  40. Christopher Cordner (2005). Life and Death Matters: Losing a Sense of the Value of Human Beings. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (3):207-226.score: 756.0
    The essay combines a specific and a more general theme. In attacking ‘the doctrine of the sanctity of human life’ Singer takes himself thereby to be opposing the conviction that human life has special value. I argue that this conviction goes deep in our lives in many ways that do not depend on what Singer identifies as central to that ‘doctrine’, and that his attack therefore misses its main target. I argue more generally that Singer’s own moral philosophy (...)
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  41. Iris Nevo & Ido Erev (2012). On Surprise, Change, and the Effect of Recent Outcomes. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 725.3
    The leading models of human and animal learning rest on the assumption that individuals tend to select the alternatives that led to the best recent outcomes. The current research highlights three boundaries of this "recency” assumption. Analysis of the stock market and simple laboratory experiments suggests that positively surprising obtained payoffs, and negatively surprising forgone payoffs reduce the rate of repeating the previous choice. In addition, all previous trails outcomes, except the latest outcome (most recent), have similar effect (...)
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  42. Helen Oppenheimer (2006). What a Piece of Work: On Being Human. Imprint Academic.score: 720.0
    This is a small book on a large subject: What is special about human beings? Hamlet mused, ?What a piece of work is man! How noble in reason! how like a god!? but went on to speak of ?this quintessence of dust?. Helen Oppenheimer prefers to start with the dust and move to the glory: we really are animals ? and from these animals has come Shakespeare. People are indeed ?miserable sinners? ? and also magnificent creatures. The author (...)
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  43. Rauno Huttunen (2012). Hegelians Axel Honneth and Robert Williams on the Development of Human Morality. Studies in Philosophy and Education 31 (4):339-355.score: 712.3
    An individual is in the lowest phase of moral development if he thinks only of his own personal interest and has only his own selfish agenda in his mind as he encounters other humans. This lowest phase corresponds well with sixteenth century British moral egoism which reflects the rise of the new economic order. Adam Smith (1723–1790) wanted to defend this new economic order which is based on economic exchange between egoistic individuals. Nevertheless, he surely did not want to support (...)
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  44. E. Cioflec (2012). On Hannah Arendt: The Worldly In-Between of Human Beings and its Ethical Consequences. South African Journal of Philosophy 31 (4):646-663.score: 712.0
    In this paper, I show how a concept of ethics can be derived from Hannah Arendt’s theory of action in The Human Condition , which contains from her call for action. When she looks at the ‘political actor’, as well as at the concept of ‘political situation’, her ethical claim is first of all the need to take initiative, to act. Hence, ‘political situations’ as she defines them are discussed as common responsibilities. But common responsibility is rooted in the (...)
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  45. Peter G. Enticott Jed D. Burgess, Sara L. Arnold, Bernadette M. Fitzgibbon, Paul B. Fitzgerald (2013). A Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Study of the Effect of Visual Orientation on the Putative Human Mirror Neuron System. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 712.0
    Mirror neurons are a class of motor neuron that are active during both the performance and observation of behavior, and have been implicated in interpersonal understanding There is evidence to suggest that the mirror response is modulated by the perspective from which an action is presented (e.g., egocentric or allocentric). Most human research, however, has only examined this when presenting intransitive actions. Twenty-three healthy adult participants completed a transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) experiment that assessed corticospinal excitability whilst viewing transitive (...)
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  46. George Z. Peng & Paul W. Beamish (2008). The Effect of National Corporate Responsibility Environment on Japanese Foreign Direct Investment. Journal of Business Ethics 80 (4):677 - 695.score: 708.0
    We examine the relationship between Japanese foreign direct investment (FDI) and the national corporate responsibility (NCR) environment in host countries using corporate social responsibility and international business theories. Based on data from the Japanese Government’s Ministry of Finance AccountAbility, and other sources, we find that the level of NCR has a positive relationship with FDI inflow for developing countries. The relationship for developed countries is negative but not statistically significant. The underlying host country development stage moderates the relationship. The (...)
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  47. Berit Soli-Holt & Isaac Linder (2013). The Call of The Wild: Terro(I)R Modulations. Continent 3 (2):60-65.score: 708.0
    This piece, included in the drift special issue of continent. , was created as one step in a thread of inquiry. While each of the contributions to drift stand on their own, the project was an attempt to follow a line of theoretical inquiry as it passed through time and the postal service(s) from October 2012 until May 2013. This issue hosts two threads: between space & place and between intention & attention . The editors recommend that to experience the (...)
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  48. H. W. Leibowitz & Lewis O. Harvey Jr (1969). Effect of Instructions, Environment, and Type of Test Object on Matched Size. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):36.score: 696.0
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  49. Thomas Engel & Ulrike Henckel (2008). Human Beings, Technology and the Idea of Man. Poiesis and Praxis 5 (3-4):249-263.score: 688.0
    Since ancient times philosophy has dealt with the relation between technology and man. Nowadays this is especially true in the context of the philosophy of technology. Technology is interpreted as an anthropological constant to construct an environment in which man can survive. Acting in the field of technology is to act rationally with a purpose, i.e., in the framework of a means-end relation, and it is employed for coping with experiences (Widerfahrnisse) by means of using tools. Like technology, language (...)
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  50. Fuat S. Oduncu (2003). Stem Cell Research in Germany: Ethics of Healing Vs. Human Dignity. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (1):5-16.score: 680.0
    On 25 April 2002, the German Parliament has passed a strict new law referring to stem cell research. This law took effect on July 1, 2002. The so-called embryonic Stem Cell Act ( Stammzellgesetz — StZG ) permits the import of embryonic stem (ES) cells isolated from surplus IvF-embryos for research reasons. The production itself of ES cells from human blastocysts has been prohibited by the German Embryo Protection Act of 1990, with the exception of the use of (...)
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