Search results for 'Human ecology Methodology' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Dieter Steiner & Markus Nauser (eds.) (1993). Human Ecology: Fragments of Anti-Fragmentary Views of the World. Routledge.score: 84.0
    The book creates a framework for a cohesive discourse, for a "new human ecology".
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  2. Bram Tucker & Lisa Rende Taylor (2007). The Human Behavioral Ecology of Contemporary World Issues. Human Nature 18 (3):181-189.score: 75.0
    Human behavioral ecology (HBE) began as an attempt to explain human economic, reproductive, and social behavior using neodarwinian theory in concert with theory from ecology and economics, and ethnographic methods. HBE has addressed subsistence decision-making, cooperation, life history trade-offs, parental investment, mate choice, and marriage strategies among hunter-gatherers, herders, peasants, and wage earners in rural and urban settings throughout the world. Despite our rich insights into human behavior, HBE has very rarely been used as a (...)
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  3. Vadim V. Vasilyev (2013). Hume's Methodology and the Science of Human Nature. History of Philosophy Yearbook 2012:62-115.score: 72.0
    In this paper I try to explain a strange omission in Hume’s methodological descriptions in his first Enquiry. In the course of this explanation I reveal a kind of rationalistic tendency of the latter work. It seems to contrast with “experimental method” of his early Treatise of Human Nature, but, as I show that there is no discrepancy between the actual methods of both works, I make an attempt to explain the change in Hume’s characterization of his own methods. (...)
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  4. Richard York & Philip Mancus (2009). Critical Human Ecology: Historical Materialism and Natural Laws. Sociological Theory 27 (2):122 - 149.score: 71.0
    We lay the foundations for a critical human ecology (CHE) that combines the strengths of the biophysical human ecology tradition in environmental sociology with those of historical materialism. We show the strengths of a critically informed human ecology by addressing four key meta-theoretical issues: materialist versus idealist approaches in the social sciences, dialectical versus reductionist analyses, the respective importance of historical and ahistorical causal explanations, and the difference between structural and functional interpretations of phenomena. (...)
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  5. A. Terry Rambo (1983). Conceptual Approaches to Human Ecology. East-West Environment and Policy Institute.score: 70.0
     
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  6. Robert Mugerauer (1995). Interpreting Environments: Tradition, Deconstruction, Hermeneutics. University of Texas Press.score: 64.0
    Mugerauer seeks to make deconstruction and hermeneutics accessible to people in the environmental disciplines, including architecture, planning, urban studies, environmental studies, and cultural geography. Mugerauer demonstrates each methodology through a case study. The first study uses the traditional approach to recover the meaning of Jung's and Wittgenstein's houses by analyzing their historical, intentional contexts. The second case study utilizes deconstruction to explore Egyptian, French neoclassical, and postmodern attempts to use pyramids to constitute a sense of lasting presence. And the (...)
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  7. Ivan Timofeevich Frolov (ed.) (1989). Ecological Knowledge in Perspective: Social-Philosophical Problems. Nauka Publishers.score: 63.0
     
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  8. Jonathan Clatworthy (1997). Good God: Green Theology and the Value of Creation. Jon Carpenter.score: 58.0
     
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  9. Flor Ángela Tobón & López Giraldo (2013). Psychosocial accompaniment from human ecology toyoung marginalized people to prevent drug dependence. Humanidades Médicas 13 (2):348-371.score: 56.0
    Introducción: Se presenta un análisis cualitativo del acompañamiento psicosocial a jóvenes en condiciones de vulnerabilidad desde la ecología humana durante 12 meses entre 2010 a 2011; utilizando técnicas pedagógicas evaluativas participativas. Éstas, son una alternativa para crear espacios reflexivos con el propósito de potenciar la resiliencia en las relaciones comunicativas y formar en el respeto. Objetivo: Generar bienestar, prevenir la farmacodependencia y contribuir a la promoción de la salud. Material y Métodos: Se revisaron los antecedentes temáticos, fueron seleccionados 100 estudiantes (...)
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  10. S. Boyden (1993). Human Ecology and Biohistory: Conceptual Approaches to Understanding Human Situation in the Biosphere. In Dieter Steiner & Markus Nauser (eds.), Human Ecology: Fragments of Anti-Fragmentary Views of the World. Routledge.score: 56.0
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  11. Roderick J. Lawrence (1993). Can Human Ecology Provide an Integrative Framework? The Contribution of Structuration Theory to Contemporary Debate. In Dieter Steiner & Markus Nauser (eds.), Human Ecology: Fragments of Anti-Fragmentary Views of the World. Routledge. 213--228.score: 56.0
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  12. Jia-cai Zhang & Hui Yan (2008). A New Environmental Philosophy and The Re-Establishing of Human Ecology. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 23:169-174.score: 56.0
    Environment is essentially in the category of culture and environmental research should be based on human value and culture. The study of the relationship between humans and their natural environment should also refer to human relations. Since the operational logic of social capital is the root of ecological crisis, the ultimate solution to this problem lies in human’s correct thinking, institutional, political and behavioral patterns in dealing with nature. Re-establishing human ecology therefore provides a cultural (...)
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  13. Michael Gurven (2004). To Give and to Give Not: The Behavioral Ecology of Human Food Transfers. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27 (4):543-559.score: 54.0
    The transfer of food among group members is a ubiquitous feature of small-scale forager and forager-agricultural populations. The uniqueness of pervasive sharing among humans, especially among unrelated individuals, has led researchers to evaluate numerous hypotheses about the adaptive functions and patterns of sharing in different ecologies. This article attempts to organize available cross-cultural evidence pertaining to several contentious evolutionary models: kin selection, reciprocal altruism, tolerated scrounging, and costly signaling. Debates about the relevance of these models focus primarily on the extent (...)
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  14. Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson (2013). The Natural Vs. The Human Sciences:: Myth, Methodology and Ontology. Discusiones Filosóficas 14 (22):25-41.score: 54.0
    I argue that the human sciences (i.e. humanities, social- and behavioural sciences) should not try to imitate the methodology of the natural sciences. The human sciences study meaningful phenomena whose nature is decisively different from the merely physical phenomena studied by the natural sciences, and whose study therefore require different methods; meaningful phenomena do not obviously obey natural laws while the merely physical necessarily does. This is not to say that the human sciences do not study (...)
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  15. Sandra Moog, Rob Stone & Ted Benton (eds.) (2009). Nature, Social Relations and Human Needs: Essays in Honour of Ted Benton. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 49.0
    Bringing together some of the most eminent thinkers in the field, this book celebrates the seminal contribution of Ted Benton to such pressing themes as: realism, naturalism and the philosophy of the social sciences, the continuing relevance of Marxism, philosophical anthropology and human needs, and ecology, society and natural limits.
     
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  16. Harold Glasser (2011). Naess's Deep Ecology: Implications for the Human Prospect and Challenges for the Future. Inquiry 54 (1):52-77.score: 48.0
    What sets Naess's deep ecology apart from most inquiries into environmental philosophy is that it does not seek a radical shift in fundamental values. Naess offered a utopian, life-affirming grand narrative, a new Weltanschauung that shifted the focus of inquiry to coupling values, knowledge, understanding, and wisdom to behavior. The core of Naess's approach is that sustainability hinges on developing more thoroughly reasoned and consistent views, policies, and actions, which are tied back to wide-identifying ultimate norms and a rich, (...)
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  17. Philip Kitcher (1990). Developmental Decomposition and the Future of Human Behavioral Ecology. Philosophy of Science 57 (1):96-117.score: 48.0
    I attempt to complement my earlier critiques of human sociobiology, by offering an account of how evolutionary ideas might legitimately be employed in the study of human social behavior. The main emphasis of the paper is the need to integrate studies of proximate mechanisms and their ontogenesis with functional/evolutionary research. Human psychological complexity makes it impossible to focus simply on specific types of human behavior and ask for their functional significance. For any of the kinds of (...)
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  18. Rögnvaldur Ingthorsson, The Natural Vs Human Sciences: Myth, Methodology, and Ontology.score: 48.0
    I argue that the human sciences (i.e. humanities, social- and behavioural sciences) should not try to imitate the methodology of the natural sciences. The human sciences study meaningful phenomena whose nature is decisively different from the merely physical phenomena studied by the natural sciences, and whose study therefore require different methods; meaningful phenomena do not obviously obey natural laws while the merely physical necessarily does. This is not to say that the human sciences do not study (...)
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  19. Vyacheslav Kudashov (2006). The Global Ecology of Human Consciousness. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 9:15-20.score: 48.0
    Nowadays the real threat has appeared: "thinking man" will disappear from the planet, and his place will be taken by "information consuming man." The rapidly evolving spiritually dependent consumer will turn into a completely controlled human being. A value orientation that we did not create will entirely determine all our choices and dominate our attention. Both the values and the products of mass culture are being spread among consumers as extensively as possible by mechanisms of culture manufacture, in accord (...)
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  20. Bram Tucker (2007). Applying Behavioral Ecology and Behavioral Economics to Conservation and Development Planning: An Example From the Mikea Forest, Madagascar. [REVIEW] Human Nature 18 (3):190-208.score: 48.0
    Governments and non-govermental organizations (NGOs) that plan projects to conserve the environment and alleviate poverty often attempt to modify rural livelihoods by halting activities they judge to be destructive or inefficient and encouraging alternatives. Project planners typically do so without understanding how rural people themselves judge the value of their activities. When the alternatives planners recommend do not replace the value of banned activities, alternatives are unlikely to be adopted, and local people will refuse to participate. Human behavioral (...) and behavioral economics may provide useful tools for generating and evaluating hypotheses for how people value economic activities in their portfolios and potential alternatives. This is demonstrated with a case example from southwestern Madagascar, where plans to create a Mikea Forest National Park began with the elimination of slash-and-burn maize agriculture and the encouragement to plant labor-intensive manioc instead. Future park plans could restrict access to wild tuber patches, hunting small game, and fishing. The value of these activities is considered using observational data informed by optimal foraging theory, and experimental data describing people’s time preference and covariation perception. Analyses suggest that manioc is not a suitable replacement for maize for many Mikea because the two crops differ in terms of labor requirements, delay-to-reward, and covariation with rainfall. Park planners should promote wild tuber foraging and stewardship of tuber patches and the anthropogenic landscapes in which they are found. To conserve small game, planners must provide alternative sources of protein and cash. Little effort should be spent protecting lemurs, as they are rarely eaten and never sold. (shrink)
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  21. Nils O. Larsson (2000). Decision Settings Analysis €“ a Tool for Analysis and Design of Human Activity Systems. Theory and Decision 49 (4):339-360.score: 45.0
    The paper describes a methodology to be used for analysis and design of human activity systems. The methodology is based on an analysis of the decision settings whereas most other decision analysis methodologies are analysing the process. The decision concept is analysed and discussed. A distinction between programmed and programmable as well as non-programmed and non-programmable decisions is proposed. A classification of different information types for decision making is presented. A methodology based on a systemic and (...)
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  22. Sally Goerner (2000). Dynamic Evolution: Rules for Building a Solid Human Ecology. World Futures 55 (1):91-103.score: 45.0
    Our civilization is changing and so is our science. Human beings in endeavors from education to economics need a framework for understanding which integrates the maelstrom of insights into a useable form. That, in essence, is what the study of Dynamic Evolution provides. Dynamic Evolution (also called Cosmic or General Evolution) is a synthesis of insights, ancient and cutting edge, which radically revamps our understanding of how organizations arise and how change takes place as a result of intertwined forces (...)
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  23. Chris Boyne (1994). Notes Towards a Definition of Human-Centred Computing. AI and Society 8 (1):60-70.score: 45.0
    Current usage of the expression “human-centred” in computing contexts suffers from a lack of clarity, and involves internal contradictions. It is not enough to base the concept of human-centredness on ideas of social utility, collaborative working or human controllability. However, the concept of human action (which embodies reference to human freedom) provides a theoretical underpinning to human-centredness by combining, from a human standpoint, concern with process and concern with goals. This has consequences for (...)
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  24. Peter J. Carew & Larry Stapleton (forthcoming). Towards Empathy: A Human-Centred Analysis of Rationality, Ethics and Praxis in Systems Development. AI and Society:1-18.score: 45.0
    Functionalism has long been the dominant paradigm in systems development practice. However, functionalism promotes an innate and immutable instrumental rationality that is indifferent to human values, rights, society, culture and international stability. It, in essence, lacks empathy. Although alternative paradigms have been promoted for decades in the systems development literature to help address this deficit, functionalism remains dominant. This paper reiterates the call for a fundamental paradigm shift away from myopic functionalism and towards a more empathic and human-centred (...)
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  25. Paul J. Cloke (ed.) (2004). Practising Human Geography. Sage.score: 43.0
    Practising Human Geography is critical introduction to disciplinary debates about the practise of human geography, that is informed by an inquiry into how geographers actually do research. In examining those methods and practices that are integral to doing geography, the text presents a theoretically-informed reflection on the construction and interpretation of geographical data - including factual and ‘fictional’ sources; the use of core research methodologies; and the interpretative role of the researcher. Framed by an historical overview how ideas (...)
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  26. R. F. Ellen & Katsuyoshi Fukui (eds.) (1996). Redefining Nature: Ecology, Culture, and Domestication. Berg.score: 43.0
    - How can anthropology improve our understanding of the interrelationship between nature and culture? - What can anthropology contribute to practical debates which depend on particular definitions of nature, such as that concerning sustainable development? Humankind has evolved over several million years by living in and utilizing 'nature' and by assimilating it into 'culture'. Indeed, the technological and cultural advancement of the species has been widely acknowledged to rest upon human domination and control of nature. Yet, by the 1960s, (...)
     
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  27. Allan Gibbard (2001). Living with Meanings: A Human Ecology. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 75 (2):59 - 78.score: 42.0
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  28. Svend Riemer (1950). Book Review:Human Behavior and the Principle of Least Effort. An Introduction to Human Ecology George K. Zipf. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 17 (2):204-.score: 42.0
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  29. Valerie A. Haines (1985). From Organicist to Relational Human Ecology. Sociological Theory 3 (1):65-74.score: 42.0
  30. Fernando Dias Avila-Piredes, Luiz Carlos Mior, Vilênia Porto Aguiar & Susana Regina de Mello Schlemper (2000). The Concept of Sustainable Development Revisited. Foundations of Science 5 (3):261-268.score: 42.0
    The concept of sustainable development is here revised in the light of a brief historical analysis, followed by a semantic analysis of the expressions development and sustainability. The authors criticize the common use of this concept in a loose way or in wide generalizations, to conclude, based on the principles of human ecology, that it is only possible to make it operational in limited spans of time and in limited spatial units.
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  31. Bill Devall (1981). Environment, Technology and Health: Human Ecology in Historic Perspective. Environmental Ethics 3 (1):85-95.score: 42.0
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  32. Owen Flanagan (1996). Ethics Naturalized: Ethics as Human Ecology. In L. May, Michael Friedman & A. Clark (eds.), Mind and Morals: Essays on Ethics and Cognitive Science. Mit Press. 19--44.score: 42.0
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  33. O. de Selincourt (1936). Human Ecology.By J. W. Bews, M.A., D.Sc, Principal of the Natal University College, Pietermaritzburg. With an Introduction by General The Rt. Hon. J. C. Smuts, P.C., C.H., F.R.S. (Oxford: University Press. London: Humphrey Milford, 1935. Pp. Xii + 312. Price 15s. Net.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 11 (43):377-.score: 42.0
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  34. John R. Anderson (1987). Methodologies for Studying Human Knowledge. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (3):467.score: 42.0
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  35. Paul T. Baker (1965). Readings in Human Ecology Jack Bresler. Bioscience 15 (8):534-534.score: 42.0
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  36. George Colin Lawder Bertram (1951). Eugenics and Human Ecology. The Eugenics Review 43 (1):11.score: 42.0
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  37. Scott Churchill (1986). Extensions in Human Science Methodology. Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 6 (2):132-132.score: 42.0
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  38. L. P. Gerlach & L. P. Novak (1965). Human Ecology at the University of Minnesota. Bioscience 15 (8):529-529.score: 42.0
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  39. Maciej Henneberg (2009). Human Ecology [Ekologia Człowieka]. Volumes 1 and 2. By Napoleon Wolański. Pp. 500+Xvii; 528+Xvi. (Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warsaw, 2006.) Vol. 1 ISBN 978-83-01-14671-9; Vol. 2 ISBN 978-83-01-14864-5. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 41 (4):558-559.score: 42.0
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  40. Hinkle (1965). Division of Human Ecology, Cornell Medical Center. Bioscience 15 (8):532-532.score: 42.0
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  41. Hinkle (1965). Studies of Human Ecology in Relation to Health and Behavior. Bioscience 15 (8):517-520.score: 42.0
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  42. A. Pablo Iannone (1999). Philosophical Ecologies: Essays in Philosophy, Ecology, and Human Life. Humanity Books.score: 42.0
  43. Hugh H. Iltis (1970). Man First? Man Last? The Paradox of Human Ecology. Bioscience 20 (14):820-820.score: 42.0
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  44. Laurence Irving (1965). Human Ecology in Alaska. Bioscience 15 (8):529-530.score: 42.0
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  45. David L. Jameson (1970). Review Feature Population, Resources, Environment: Issues in Human Ecology P. R. Ehrlich A. H. Ehrlich. Bioscience 20 (21):1177-1177.score: 42.0
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  46. Duvall A. Jones (1970). Tropical Ecology Human Ecology in the Tropics J. P. Garlick R. W. J. Keay. Bioscience 20 (20):1123-1123.score: 42.0
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  47. Lajos Andras Kiss (2009). Chances of Human Ecology. Filozofia 64 (2):166-176.score: 42.0
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  48. F. Webster McBryde & Alfredo S. Costales (1969). Human Ecology of Northwestern Colombia (The Chocó). Bioscience 19 (5):432-436.score: 42.0
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  49. Dallas K. Meyer (1965). A Course in Human Ecology and Behavioral Science in Medical School, University of Missouri School of Medicine. Bioscience 15 (8):527-528.score: 42.0
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  50. Norman Myers (1988). A Small Investment... The Environment, Public Health and Human Ecology: Considerations for Economic Development James A. Lee. [REVIEW] Bioscience 38 (2):120-120.score: 42.0
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