Search results for 'Human embryo Political aspects' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Thomas F. Banchoff (2011). Embryo Politics: Ethics and Policy in Atlantic Democracies. Cornell University Press.score: 562.0
    The emergence of ethical controversy -- First embryo research regimes -- The ethics of embryonic stem cell research -- Stem cell and cloning politics.
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  2. Ronald M. Green (2010). Political Interventions in U.S. Human Embryo Research: An Ethical Assessment. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (2):220-228.score: 513.0
    For more than 30 years, beginning with the Reagan administration's refusal to support and provide oversight for embryo research, and continuing to the present in congressionally imposed limits on funding for such research, progress in infertility medicine and the development of stem cell therapies has been seriously delayed by a series of political interventions. In almost all cases, these interventions result from a view of the moral status of human embryo premised largely on religious assumptions. Although (...)
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  3. Fertilisation Human (2003). Court of Appeal Allows Tissue Typing for Human Embryos Under Strict Conditions. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 9 (2):23.score: 490.0
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  4. Kathryn Ehrich, Clare Williams & Bobbie Farsides (2010). Consenting Futures: Professional Views on Social, Clinical and Ethical Aspects of Information Feedback to Embryo Donors in Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research. Clinical Ethics 5 (2):77-85.score: 441.0
    This paper reports from an ongoing multidisciplinary, ethnographic study that is exploring the views, values and practices (the ethical frameworks) drawn on by professional staff in assisted conception units and stem cell laboratories in relation to embryo donation for research purposes, particularly human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research, in the UK. We focus here on the connection between possible incidental findings and the circumstances in which embryos are donated for hESC research, and report some of the uncertainties and (...)
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  5. Anton Carpinschi (2010). The Political and the Hypostases of the Human. Towards a Recognition Culture. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 7 (19):58-93.score: 333.0
    The aim of our study is to single out a possible path towards the recognition culture in a world strained by deep social cleavages and by a strong conflict among values. In this context, we consider that a recognition culture is possible only by activating the comprehensive being that each of us, humans, is. The study attempts to answer the desideratum of the recognition culture by developing a model of the political founded on the correlation of certain aspects (...)
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  6. Jean Bethke Elshtain & J. Timothy Cloyd (eds.) (1995). Politics and the Human Body: Assault on Dignity. Vanderbilt University Press.score: 297.0
    Who or what determines the right to die? Do advancing reproductive technologies change reproductive rights? What forces influence cultural standards of beauty? How do discipline, punishment, and torture reflect our attitudes about the human body? In this challenging new book, Jean Bethke Elshtain, a nationally recognized scholar in political science and philosophy, and J. Timothy Cloyd, a strong new voice in social and political science, have assembled a collection of thought-provoking essays on these issues written by some (...)
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  7. Aistė Akstinienė (2013). Reservations to Human Rights Treaties: Problematic Aspects Related to Gender Issues. Jurisprudence 20 (2):451-468.score: 288.0
    In this article the author analyses specific reservations that are being done to the international documents for the protection of human rights and whether Vienna Convention on the Law of the Treaties applies to those human rights treaties or not. Also, the author analyses if reservations, which are incompatible with object and purpose of the treaty, can be done or not and what consequences they might bring. For this reason the author describes the practice of the state members (...)
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  8. Pier Jaarsma & Stellan Welin (2013). Human Capabilities, Mild Autism, Deafness and the Morality of Embryo Selection. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (4):817-824.score: 279.0
    A preimplantation genetic test to discriminate between severe and mild autism spectrum disorder might be developed in the foreseeable future. Recently, the philosophers Julian Savulescu and Guy Kahane claimed that there are strong reasons for prospective parents to make use of such a test to prevent the birth of children who are disposed to autism or Asperger’s disorder. In this paper we will criticize this claim. We will discuss the morality of selection for mild autism in embryo selection in (...)
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  9. Paul M. McNeill (1993). The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation. Cambridge University Press.score: 270.0
    This book focuses on experimentation that is carried out on human beings, including medical research, drug research and research undertaken in the social sciences. It discusses the ethics of such experimentation and asks the question: who defends the interests of these human subjects and ensures that they are not harmed? The author finds that ethical research depends on the adequacy of review by committee. Indeed most countries now rely on research ethics committees for the protection of the interests (...)
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  10. Louis M. Guenin (2008). The Morality of Embryo Use. Cambridge University Press.score: 256.5
    Is it permissible to use a human embryo in stem cell research, or in general as a means for benefit of others? Acknowledging each embryo as an object of moral concern, Louis M.Guenin argues that it is morally permissible to decline intrauterine transfer of an embryo formed outside the body, and that from this permission and the duty of beneficence, there follows a consensus justification for using donated embryos in service of humanitarian ends. He then proceeds (...)
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  11. Costas Douzinas & C. A. Gearty (eds.) (2014). The Meanings of Rights: The Philosophy and Social Theory of Human Rights. Cambridge University Press.score: 252.0
    Questioning some of the repetitive and narrow theoretical writings on rights, a group of leading intellectuals examine human rights from philosophical, theological, historical, literary and political perspectives.
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  12. David Albert Jones (2010). Is the Creation of Admixed Embryos “an Offense Against Human Dignity”? Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 16 (1):87-114.score: 238.0
    The controversy over the creation of admixed human- nonhuman embryos, and specifically of what have been termed “cybrids,” involves a range of ethical and political issues. It is not reducible to a single question. This paper focuses on one question raised by that controversy, whether creating admixed human-nonhuman entities is “an offense against human dignity.” In the last decade there has been sustained criticism of the use of the concept of human dignity within bioethics. The (...)
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  13. Indrė Pukanasytė (2009). Some Aspects Related to the Interpretation of the Right to Free Elections in the Case-Law of the European Court of Human Rights. Jurisprudence 115 (1):155-182.score: 234.0
    The paper focuses on the general principles established in the caselaw of the European Court of Human Rights while applying and interpreting the Article 3 of the First Protocol of the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms which provides: „The High Contracting Parties undertake to hold free elections at reasonable intervals by secret ballot, under conditions which will ensure the free expression of the opinion of the people in the choice of the legislature.“ Article (...)
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  14. Jane Bennett (2010). Vibrant Matter: A Political Ecology of Things. Duke University Press.score: 229.5
    The force of things -- The agency of assemblages -- Edible matter -- A life of metal -- Neither vitalism nor mechanism -- Stem cells and the culture of life -- Political ecologies -- Vitality and self-interest.
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  15. James Mensch (2009). Embodiments: From the Body to the Body Politic. Northwestern University Press.score: 226.5
    The intertwining: the recursion of the seer and the seen -- Artificial intelligence and the phenomenology of flesh -- Aesthetic education and the project of being human -- The intertwining of incommensurables: Yann Martel's life of Pi -- Flesh and the limits of self-making -- Violence and embodiment -- Excessive presence and the image -- Politics and freedom -- Sovereignty and alterity -- Political violence -- Public space -- Sustaining the other: tolerance as a positive ideal -- Forgiveness (...)
     
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  16. James R. Mensch (2009). Embodiments: From the Body to the Body Politic. Northwestern University Press.score: 226.5
    The intertwining: the recursion of the seer and the seen -- Artificial intelligence and the phenomenology of flesh -- Aesthetic education and the project of being human -- The intertwining of incommensurables: Yann Martel's life of pi -- Flesh and the limits of self-making -- Violence and embodiment -- Excessive presence and the image -- Politics and freedom -- Sovereignty and alterity -- Political violence -- Public space -- Sustaining the other: tolerance as a positive ideal -- Forgiveness (...)
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  17. David Miller (2007). National Responsibility and Global Justice. Oxford University Press.score: 216.0
    This chapter outlines the main ideas of my book National responsibility and global justice. It begins with two widely held but conflicting intuitions about what global justice might mean on the one hand, and what it means to be a member of a national community on the other. The first intuition tells us that global inequalities of the magnitude that currently exist are radically unjust, while the second intuition tells us that inequalities are both unavoidable and fair once national responsibility (...)
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  18. Fuat S. Oduncu (2003). Stem Cell Research in Germany: Ethics of Healing Vs. Human Dignity. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 6 (1):5-16.score: 208.5
    On 25 April 2002, the German Parliament has passed a strict new law referring to stem cell research. This law took effect on July 1, 2002. The so-called embryonic Stem Cell Act ( Stammzellgesetz — StZG ) permits the import of embryonic stem (ES) cells isolated from surplus IvF-embryos for research reasons. The production itself of ES cells from human blastocysts has been prohibited by the German Embryo Protection Act of 1990, with the exception of the use of (...)
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  19. Christine Chwaszcza (2007). Moral Responsibility and Global Justice: A Human Rights Approach. Nomos.score: 207.0
  20. Pablo Gilabert (2011). Humanist and Political Perspectives on Human Rights. Political Theory 39 (4):439-467.score: 198.0
    This essay explores the relation between two perspectives on the nature of human rights. According to the "political" or "practical" perspective, human rights are claims that individuals have against certain institutional structures, in particular modern states, in virtue of interests they have in contexts that include them. According to the more traditional "humanist" or "naturalistic" perspective, human rights are pre-institutional claims that individuals have against all other individuals in virtue of interests characteristic of their common humanity. (...)
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  21. Pablo Gilabert (2013). The Capability Approach and the Debate Between Humanist and Political Perspectives on Human Rights. A Critical Survey. Human Rights Review 14 (4):299-325.score: 198.0
    This paper provides a critical exploration of the capability approach to human rights (CAHR) with the specific aim of developing its potential for achieving a synthesis between “humanist” or “naturalistic” and “political” or “practical” perspectives in the philosophy of human rights. Section II presents a general strategy for achieving such a synthesis. Section III provides an articulation of the key insights of CAHR (its focus on actual realizations given diverse circumstances, its pluralism of grounds, its emphasis on (...)
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  22. Steven D. Roper & Lilian A. Barria (2009). Political Science Perspectives on Human Rights. Human Rights Review 10 (3):305-308.score: 198.0
    This special issue of Human Rights Review is devoted to an exploration of the current human rights research agendas within the political science discipline. Research on human rights is truly an interdisciplinary quest in which various epistemologies can contribute to each other and form a larger dialogue concerning rights and wrongs. This special issue is devoted to an expansive understanding of the state of research on human rights in the political science discipline. One common (...)
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  23. Andreas Føllesdal (2009). Universal Human Rights as a Shared Political Identity Impossible? Necessary? Sufficient? Metaphilosophy 40 (1):77-91.score: 192.0
    Abstract: Would a global commitment to international human rights norms provide enough of a sense of community to sustain a legitimate and sufficiently democratic global order? Sceptics worry that human rights cannot help maintain the mutual trust among citizens required for a legitimate political order, since such rights are now too broadly shared. Thus prominent contributors to democratic theory insist that the members of the citizenry must share some features unique to them, to the exclusion of others—be (...)
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  24. Elvio Baccarini, Questions of Life and Death.score: 192.0
    The research started with a definition of the general ethical background to be applied in bioethical discussions, particularly regarding aspects of morality that have to be enforced by the community. Only those moral beliefs that can be accepted by consensus in a free discussion can be enforced. It follows that the basic principle of a well ordered society is the equality (and possible upwards extension) of the basic liberties. Therefore, whenever it is possible to respect the principle of autonomy (...)
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  25. S. Matthew Liao & Adam Etinson (2012). Political and Naturalistic Conceptions of Human Rights: A False Polemic? Journal of Moral Philosophy 9 (3):327-352.score: 192.0
    What are human rights? According to one longstanding account, the Naturalistic Conception of human rights, human rights are those that we have simply in virtue of being human. In recent years, however, a new and purportedly alternative conception of human rights has become increasingly popular. This is the so-called Political Conception of human rights, the proponents of which include John Rawls, Charles Beitz, and Joseph Raz. In this paper we argue for three claims. (...)
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  26. Benedict S. B. Chan (forthcoming). A Human Rights Debate on Physical Security, Political Liberty, and the Confucian Tradition. Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy:1-22.score: 192.0
    There are many East and West debates on human rights. One of them is whether all civil and political rights are human rights. On one hand, scholars generally agree that rights to physical security are human rights. On the other hand, some scholars argue that rights to political liberty are only Western rights but not human rights because political liberty conflicts with some East Asian cultural factors, especially the Confucian tradition. I argue that (...)
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  27. Christopher J. Berry (1999). Human Nature and Political Conventions. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 2 (2):95-111.score: 190.0
    That there is some connection between politics and human nature is a commonplace, but why and in what way they are conjoined is disputed. Aristotle's practice of comparing humans with other animals, and not conceptually divorcing them, is fruitful. By adopting a similar practice an indirect linkage (rather than Aristotle's direct one) between human nature and politics is identified. The strategy is to locate at least one universal aspect of human nature which is non?political that, nonetheless, (...)
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  28. Susanne Gibson (2007). Uses of Respect and Uses of the Human Embryo. Bioethics 21 (7):370–378.score: 189.0
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  29. García San José & I. Daniel (2010). International Bio Law: An International Overview of Developments in Human Embryo Research and Experimentation. Ediciones Laborum.score: 189.0
     
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  30. Umit Cizre (2001). The Truth and Fiction About (Turkey's) Human Rights Politics. Human Rights Review 3 (1):55-77.score: 187.5
    Despite their strong transnational links and support in the second half of the 1990s, Turkish NGOs have not yet had a “tremendous” impact on domestic political and social change. But new points of contact have been established in the public sphere between governmental agencies and the IHV and IHD, with both sides engaged in an argumentative process, which may, in the long run, lead to the subscriptive phase of “human rights talk” and deed. The general tenor of this (...)
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  31. Clifford Grobstein (1985). The Early Development of Human Embryos. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 10 (3):213-236.score: 183.0
    The development of the human embryo from the time of fertilization through the eighth post-fertilization week is described for medical policy purposes. During pre-implantation stages, differentiation occurs between precursors of embryonic and extra-embryonic structures. During implantation formation of a fore-hind axis begins within the inner cell mass. By the end of the eighth week, head, face, hands, and feet are suggestive as to species-recognition but not yet definitive. Data from laboratory studies of non-human mammalian embryos elucidate important (...)
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  32. Londa L. Schiebinger (ed.) (2000). Feminism and the Body. Oxford University Press.score: 180.0
    Feminism and the Body presents classic texts in feminist body studies. Intended for undergraduate and graduate students, the volume touches on the medical history of sexual differences, the political history of the body, the history of clothing and its cultural meanings, symbolic renderings of the body, male bodies, and the body in colonial and cross-cultural contexts.
     
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  33. David Pepper (1993). Eco-Socialism: From Deep Ecology to Social Justice. Routledge.score: 178.5
    Presents a provocatively anthropocentric analysis of the way forward for green politics and environmental movements, exposing the deficiencies and contradictions of green approaches to post-modern politics and deep ecology. This title available in eBook format. Click here for more information . Visit our eBookstore at: www.ebookstore.tandf.co.uk.
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  34. Chris Williams (2010). Ecology and Socialism: [Solutions to Capitalist Ecological Crisis]. Haymarket Books.score: 175.5
    A timely, well-grounded analysis that reveals an inconvenient truth: we can't save capitalism and save the planet.
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  35. M. L. J. Wissenburg (1998). Green Liberalism: The Free and the Green Society. Ucl Press.score: 175.5
  36. Asma Abbas (2010). Liberalism and Human Suffering: Materialist Reflections on Politics, Ethics, and Aesthetics. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 174.0
    This book investigates the sources and implications of our encounters with suffering in contemporary politics and culture, exploring the forces that determine ...
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  37. Ross Fitzgerald (ed.) (1978). What It Means to Be Human: Essays in Philosophical Anthropology, Political Philosophy, and Social Psychology. Pergamon Press Australia.score: 174.0
  38. Maria Christine Bernadetta Voet (1995). Feminism and Citizenship: Feminist Critiques of the Concept of Social-Liberal Citizenship. M.C.B. Voet.score: 171.0
    Until recently, feminist theory and citizenship theory have seemed two distinct areas, with writers in both camps seldom discussing the other's work.
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  39. Shirley Castelnuovo (1998). Feminism and the Female Body: Liberating the Amazon Within. L. Rienner Publishers.score: 171.0
  40. Maria Bernardete Ramos Flores (2007). Tecnologia E Estética Do Racismo: Ciência E Arte Na Política da Beleza. Argos Editora Universitária.score: 171.0
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  41. Dora García Fernández & Martha Tarasco Michel (eds.) (2011). Bioética: Un Acercamiento Médico y Jurídico. Universidad Anáhuac.score: 171.0
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  42. Edgar Gärtner (2007). Öko-Nihilismus: Eine Kritik der Politischen Ökologie. Tvr Medienverlag.score: 171.0
  43. Ann-Kathrin Hirschmüller (2009). Internationales Verbot des Humanklonens: Die Verhandlungen in der Uno. P. Lang.score: 171.0
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  44. Sang-ik Hwang (2007). Saengmyŏng Konghak Palchŏn E Issŏsŏ Ŭi Inmunhak Ŭi Kiyŏ Pangan: 'Chulgi Sepʻo Satʻae' Ŭi Sŏngchʻal Ŭl Tʻonghayŏ. Kyŏngje Inmun Sahoe YŏnʼGuhoe.score: 171.0
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  45. Jean-Christophe Mathias (2009). Politique de Cassandre: Manifeste Républicain Pour Une Écologie Radicale. Sang de la Terre.score: 171.0
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  46. Caterina Rea (2012). Corpi Senza Frontiere: Il Sesso Come Questione Politica. Dedalo.score: 171.0
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  47. Carmen Requejo Conde (2008). Protección Penal de la Vida Humana: Especial Consideración de la Eutanasia Neonatal. Editorial Comares.score: 171.0
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  48. Gérard Teboul (ed.) (2004). Procréation Et Droits de L'Enfant: Actes des Rencontres Internationales Organisées les 16, 17 Et 18 Septembre 2003 à Marseille Par l'Observatoire International du Droit de la Bioéthique Et de la Médecine [Sic]. [REVIEW] Nemesis.score: 171.0
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  49. Thomas Wabel (ed.) (2004). Grenzen der Verfügbarkeit: Menschenwürde Und Embryonenschutz Im Gespräch Zwischen Theologie Und Rechtswissenschaft. Humanitas.score: 171.0
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  50. Erica Haimes & Ken Taylor (2011). The Contributions of Empirical Evidence to Socio-Ethical Debates on Fresh Embryo Donation for Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research. Bioethics 25 (6):334-341.score: 168.0
    This article is a response to McLeod and Baylis (2007) who speculate on the dangers of requesting fresh ‘spare’ embryos from IVF patients for human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research, particularly when those embryos are good enough to be transferred back to the woman. They argue that these embryos should be frozen instead. We explore what is meant by ‘spare’ embryos. We then provide empirical evidence, from a study of embryo donation and of embryo donors' views, to (...)
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