Search results for 'Human experimentation' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Oliver Human (2013). Non-Evental Novelty: Towards Experimentation as Praxis. Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy 9 (2):68-85.score: 300.0
    In this article I explore the possibilities of experimentation as a non-foundational praxis for introducing novel ways of being into existence. Beginning with a discussion, following Bataille, of the excess of any thought, I argue that any action in the world is necessarily uncertain. Using the insights of Derridean deconstruction combined with Badiousian truth procedure I argue that experimentation offers a means for acting from this uncertain position. Experimentation takes advantage of the play and uncertainty of our (...)
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  2. William A. Silverman (1985). Human Experimentation: A Guided Step Into the Unknown. Oxford University Press.score: 180.0
    Spectacular treatment disasters in recent years have made it clear that informal "let's-try-it-and-see" methods of testing new proposals are more risky now than ever before, and have led many to call for a halt to experimentation in clinical medicine. In this easy-tp-read, philosophical guide to human experimentation, William Silverman pleads for wider use of randomized clinical trials, citing many examples that show how careful trials can overturn preconceived or ill-conceived notions of a therapy's effectiveness and lead to (...)
     
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  3. Paul M. McNeill (1993). The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation. Cambridge University Press.score: 174.0
    This book focuses on experimentation that is carried out on human beings, including medical research, drug research and research undertaken in the social sciences. It discusses the ethics of such experimentation and asks the question: who defends the interests of these human subjects and ensures that they are not harmed? The author finds that ethical research depends on the adequacy of review by committee. Indeed most countries now rely on research ethics committees for the protection of (...)
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  4. Zbigniew Bańkowski & Norman Howard-Jones (eds.) (1982). Human Experimentation and Medical Ethics: Proceedings of the Xvth Cioms Round Table Conference, Manila, 13-16 September 1981. [REVIEW] Who Publications Centre Usa [Distributor].score: 150.0
  5. Bradford H. Gray (1981). Human Subjects in Medical Experimentation: A Sociological Study of the Conduct and Regulation of Clinical Research. R.E. Krieger Pub. Co..score: 132.0
     
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  6. Paul Abraham Freund (1972). Experimentation with Human Subjects. London,Allen and Unwin.score: 132.0
     
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  7. Norman Howard-Jones & Zbigniew Bańkowski (eds.) (1979). Medical Experimentation and the Protection of Human Rights: Proceedings of the Xiith Cioms Round Table Conference, Cascais, Portugal, 30 November-1 December, 1978. [REVIEW] Who Publications Centre [Distributor].score: 132.0
  8. García San José & I. Daniel (2010). International Bio Law: An International Overview of Developments in Human Embryo Research and Experimentation. Ediciones Laborum.score: 132.0
     
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  9. Hans-Martin Sass (1983). Reichsrundschreiben 1931: Pre-Nuremberg German Regulations Concerning New Therapy and Human Experimentation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 8 (2):99-112.score: 120.0
    This is the first re-publication and first English translation of regulations concerning Human Experimentation which were binding law prior to and during the Third Reich, 1931 to 1945. The introduction briefly describes the duties of the Reichsgesundheitsamt, which formulated these regulations. It then outlines the basic concept of the Richtlinien for protecting subjects and patients on the one hand and for encouraging New Therapy and Human Experimentation on the other hand. Major issues, like personal responsibility of (...)
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  10. Maria Rentetzi (2004). The Women Radium Dial Painters as Experimental Subjects (1920–1990) or What Counts as Human Experimentation. NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine 12 (4):233-248.score: 120.0
    The case of women radium dial painters — women who tipped their brushes while painting the dials of watches and instruments with radioactive paint — has been extensively discussed in the medical and historical literature. Their painful and abhorrent deaths have occupied the interest of physicians, lawyers, politicians, military agencies, and the public. Hardly any discussion has concerned, however, the use of those women as experimental subjects in a number of epidemiological studies that took place from 1920 to 1990. This (...)
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  11. Y. Sato, H. Iizuka & T. Ikegami (2013). Investigating Extended Embodiment Using a Computational Model and Human Experimentation. Constructivist Foundations 9 (1):73-84.score: 120.0
    Context: Our body schema is not restricted to biological body boundaries (such as the skin), as can be seen in the use of a cane by a person who is visually impaired or the “rubber hands” experiment. The tool becomes a part of the body schema when the focus of our attention is shifted from the tool to the task to be performed. Problem: A body schema is formed through interactions among brain, body, tool, and environment. Nevertheless, the dynamic mechanisms (...)
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  12. David N. Weisstub (ed.) (1998). Research on Human Subjects: Ethics, Law, and Social Policy. Pergamon.score: 102.0
    There have been serious controversies in the latter part of the 20th century about the roles and functions of scientific and medical research. In whose interests are medical and biomedical experiments conducted and what are the ethical implications of experimentation on subjects unable to give competent consent? From the decades following the Second World War and calls for the global banning of medical research to the cautious return to the notion that in controlled circumstances, medical research on human (...)
     
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  13. LeRoy Walters (1974). Ethical Issues in Experimentation on the Human Fetus. Journal of Religious Ethics 2 (1):33 - 54.score: 96.0
    This essay explores some moral problems raised by experimentation involving the human fetus. In the first part of the essay three examples of fetal experimentation from the medical literature are described in some detail. Next, the ethical and legal arguments employed in the two major existing public policy-documents on fetal experimentation are analyzed. Finally, the author seeks to identify four fundamental presuppositions which underlie divergent normative positions on the problem of fetal experimentation.
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  14. C. Fethe (1993). Beyond Voluntary Consent: Hans Jonas on the Moral Requirements of Human Experimentation. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (2):99-103.score: 96.0
    In his essay, Philosophical Reflections on Experimenting with Human Subjects, Hans Jonas contends that except in cases of widespread medical emergencies, people do not have a moral or social obligation to volunteer to be subjects in medical experiments. He further argues that any appeal for volunteer subjects in medical experiments should whenever possible give priority to those who can identify with the project and offer a strong sense of commitment to its goals. The first of these claims is given (...)
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  15. A. Schafer (1983). Experimentation with Human Subjects: A Critique of the Views of Hans Jonas. Journal of Medical Ethics 9 (2):76-79.score: 96.0
    The ethics of experimentation on human subjects has become the subject of much debate among medical scientists and philosophers. Ethical problems and conflicts of interest become especially serious when research subjects are recruited from the class of patients. Are patients who are ill and suffering in a position to give voluntary and informed consent? Are there inevitable conflicts of interest and moral obligation when a personal physician recruits his own patients for an experiment designed partly to advance scientific (...)
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  16. Sarah L. Berry & Anthony Cerulli (2013). Mad Scientists, Narrative, and Social Power: A Collaborative Learning Activity. [REVIEW] Journal of Medical Humanities 34 (4):451-454.score: 92.0
    Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short stories “The Birthmark” (1843) and “Rappaccini’s Daughter” (1844) encourage critical thinking about science and scientific research as forms of social power. In this collaborative activity, students work in small groups to discuss the ways in which these stories address questions of human experimentation, gender, manipulation of bodies, and the role of narrative in mediating perceptions about bodies. Students collectively adduce textual evidence from the stories to construct claims and present a mini-argument to the class, thereby (...)
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  17. R. G. Frey (1996). The Ethics of Animal and Human Experimentation. Journal of Medical Ethics 22 (4):252-253.score: 90.0
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  18. C. G. Foster (1995). The Nazi Doctors and the Nuremberg Code: Human Rights in Human Experimentation. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (4):247-247.score: 90.0
  19. Philippe Amiel, Sverine Mathieu & Anne Fagot-Largeault (2001). Acculturating Human Experimentation: An Empirical Survey in France. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (3):285 – 298.score: 90.0
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  20. Susan L. Smith (2008). Mustard Gas and American Race-Based Human Experimentation in World War II. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):517-521.score: 90.0
  21. Sverine Mathieu, Anne Fagot-Largeault & Philippe Amiel (2001). Acculturating Human Experimentation: An Empirical Survey in France. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (3):285-298.score: 90.0
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  22. Raymond Dennehy (1978). The Philosophy of Human Experimentation. New Scholasticism 52 (1):80-90.score: 90.0
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  23. David E. Tanner (2000). Narrative, Ethics, and Human Experimentation in Richard Selzer's "Alexis St. Martin": The Miraculous Wound Re-Examined. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 12 (2):149-160.score: 90.0
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  24. J. Watts (1988). Human Experimentation. A Guided Step Into the Unknown. Journal of Medical Ethics 14 (1):46-46.score: 90.0
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  25. Jochen Vollmann & Rolf Winau (1995). The Prussian Regulation of 1900: Early Ethical Standards for Human Experimentation in Germany. Irb 18 (4):9-11.score: 90.0
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  26. Ronald L. Numbers (1979). William Beaumont and the Ethics of Human Experimentation. Journal of the History of Biology 12 (1):113 - 135.score: 90.0
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  27. R. P. A. Rivers (1995). The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation. Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (1):59-60.score: 90.0
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  28. Priscilla Alderson (1995). The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation. By P. M. McNeill. Pp. 315. (Cambridge University Press, 1993.) £35.00/US$ 59.95. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science 27 (1):121-123.score: 90.0
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  29. Sissela Bok (1986). On Opening Human Experimentation to Moral Debate. Hastings Center Report 16 (5):10-11.score: 90.0
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  30. Jay Katz (1995). Do We Need Another Advisory Commission on Human Experimentation? Hastings Center Report 25 (1):29-31.score: 90.0
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  31. Jay Katz (forthcoming). The Regulation of Human Experimentation in the United States: A Personal Odyssey. Irb.score: 90.0
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  32. P. J. Lewis (1985). Human Experimentation and Medical Ethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 11 (1):50-50.score: 90.0
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  33. Charles Weijer, The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation.score: 90.0
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  34. George J. Annas (1985). Baby Fae: The “Anything Goes” School Of Human Experimentation. Hastings Center Report 15 (1):15-17.score: 90.0
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  35. Moral Argument, Charles Fried, Alice M. Rivlin, P. Michael Timpane & Loren H. Roth (forthcoming). Research and Human Experimentation/Further Reading Barber, Bernard, Et Al. Research on Human Subjects: Problems of Social Control In Medical Experimentation. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1973. [REVIEW] Bioethics: Basic Writings on the Key Ethical Questions That Surround the Major, Modern Biological Possibilities and Problems.score: 90.0
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  36. Charles Burton (2011). Mengele in America: Human Experimentation and the Walter Reed Connection. Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 2 (3):271-277.score: 90.0
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  37. Sarah Ferber (2013). Bioethics in Historical Perspective. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 90.0
    Introduction -- Bioethics as scholarship -- Language, narrative and rhetoric in bioethics -- Euthanasia, the Nazi analogy and the slippery slope -- Heredity, genes and reproductive politics -- Human experimentation -- Thalidomide.
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  38. S. M. Gore (1986). Human Experimentation: A Guided Step Into the Unknown. Journal of Medical Ethics 12 (2):97-97.score: 90.0
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  39. Sydney A. Halpern (2001). Constructing Moral Boundaries: Public Discourse on Human Experimentation in Twentieth-Century America. In C. Barry Hoffmaster (ed.), Bioethics in Social Context. Temple University Press. 69--89.score: 90.0
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  40. D. McCaughey (1995). The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation, by Paul M. McNeill. Bioethics 9 (5):437-443.score: 90.0
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  41. Londa Schiebinger (2004). Human Experimentation in the Eighteenth Century: Natural Boundaries and Valid Testing. In Lorraine Daston & Fernando Vidal (eds.), The Moral Authority of Nature. University of Chicago Press. 384--408.score: 90.0
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  42. Sandra Reed Sweezy (1983). The Ethical Issue of Informed Consent in Human Experimentation. In Catherine P. Murphy & Howard Hunter (eds.), Ethical Problems in the Nurse-Patient Relationship. Allyn and Bacon.score: 90.0
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  43. Robert M. Veatch (1975). Human Experimentation Committees: Professional or Representative? Hastings Center Report 5 (5):31-40.score: 90.0
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  44. Robert M. Veatch & Sharmon Sollitto (1973). Human Experimentation—The Ethical Questions Persist. Hastings Center Report 3 (3):1-3.score: 90.0
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  45. D. W. Vere (1981). Ethics in Human Experimentation. Journal of Medical Ethics 7 (3):161-161.score: 90.0
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  46. Paul Ramsey (1975). The Ethics of Fetal Research. Yale University Press.score: 84.0
    "The Ethics of Fetal Research" distinguishes between the legal and ethical questions raised by experimentation on still-living human fetuses.
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  47. Thérèse Murphy (ed.) (2009). New Technologies and Human Rights. Oxford University Press.score: 84.0
    The first IVF baby was born in the 1970s. Less than 20 years later, we had cloning and GM food, and information and communication technologies had transformed everyday life. In 2000, the human genome was sequenced. More recently, there has been much discussion of the economic and social benefits of nanotechnology, and synthetic biology has also been generating controversy. This important volume is a timely contribution to increasing calls for regulation - or better regulation - of these and other (...)
     
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  48. Oonagh Corrigan (ed.) (2009). The Limits of Consent: A Socio-Ethical Approach to Human Subject Research in Medicine. Oxford University Press.score: 78.0
    Since its inception as an international requirement to protect patients and healthy volunteers taking part in medical research, informed consent has become the primary consideration in research ethics. Despite the ubiquity of consent, however, scholars have begun to question its adequacy for contemporary biomedical research. This book explores this issue, reviewing the application of consent to genetic research, clinical trials, and research involving vulnerable populations. For example, in genetic research, information obtained from an autonomous research participant may have significant bearing (...)
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  49. Wolfgang Uwe Eckart (ed.) (2006). Man, Medicine, and the State: The Human Body as an Object of Government Sponsored Medical Research in the 20th Century. Steiner.score: 78.0
    Mit Beitragen von: Wolfgang U. Eckart, Christian Bonah, Wolfgang U. Eckart / Andreas Reuland, Alexander Neumann, Peter Steinkamp, Volker Roelcke, Anne ...
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  50. David W. Meyers (2006). The Human Body and the Law: A Medico-Legal Study. Aldine Transaction.score: 78.0
    Thus, Meyers provides a valuable account, not only of current medical attitudes, but also of relevant case and statute law as it stands at present.
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