Search results for 'Human experimentation in medicine Congresses' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  29
    Delon Human (2002). Conflicts of Interest in Science and Medicine: The Physician's Perspective. Science and Engineering Ethics 8 (3):273-276.
    The various statements and declarations of the World Medical Association that address conflicts of interest on the part of physicians as (1) researchers, and (2) practitioners, are examined, with particular reference to the October 2000 revision of the Declaration of Helsinki. Recent contributions to the literature, notably on conflicts of interest in medical research, are noted. Finally, key provisions of the American Medical Association’s Code of Medical Ethics (2000–2001 Edition) that address the various forms of conflict of interest that can (...)
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  2. Zbigniew Bańkowski & Norman Howard-Jones (eds.) (1982). Human Experimentation and Medical Ethics: Proceedings of the Xvth Cioms Round Table Conference, Manila, 13-16 September 1981. [REVIEW] Who Publications Centre Usa [Distributor].
  3. Norman Howard-Jones & Zbigniew Bańkowski (eds.) (1979). Medical Experimentation and the Protection of Human Rights: Proceedings of the Xiith Cioms Round Table Conference, Cascais, Portugal, 30 November-1 December, 1978. [REVIEW] Who Publications Centre [Distributor].
  4. George J. Annas & Michael A. Grodin (1992). The Nazi Doctors and the Nuremberg Code Human Rights in Human Experimentation. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  5.  48
    Oonagh Corrigan (ed.) (2009). The Limits of Consent: A Socio-Ethical Approach to Human Subject Research in Medicine. Oxford University Press.
    Since its inception as an international requirement to protect patients and healthy volunteers taking part in medical research, informed consent has become the primary consideration in research ethics. Despite the ubiquity of consent, however, scholars have begun to question its adequacy for contemporary biomedical research. This book explores this issue, reviewing the application of consent to genetic research, clinical trials, and research involving vulnerable populations. For example, in genetic research, information obtained from an autonomous research participant may have significant bearing (...)
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  6. Bradford H. Gray (1981). Human Subjects in Medical Experimentation: A Sociological Study of the Conduct and Regulation of Clinical Research. R.E. Krieger Pub. Co..
     
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  7.  33
    Wolfgang Uwe Eckart (ed.) (2006). Man, Medicine, and the State: The Human Body as an Object of Government Sponsored Medical Research in the 20th Century. Steiner.
    Mit Beitragen von: Wolfgang U. Eckart, Christian Bonah, Wolfgang U. Eckart / Andreas Reuland, Alexander Neumann, Peter Steinkamp, Volker Roelcke, Anne ...
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  8. García San José & I. Daniel (2010). International Bio Law: An International Overview of Developments in Human Embryo Research and Experimentation. Ediciones Laborum.
     
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  9. William A. Silverman (1985). Human Experimentation: A Guided Step Into the Unknown. Oxford University Press.
    Spectacular treatment disasters in recent years have made it clear that informal "let's-try-it-and-see" methods of testing new proposals are more risky now than ever before, and have led many to call for a halt to experimentation in clinical medicine. In this easy-tp-read, philosophical guide to human experimentation, William Silverman pleads for wider use of randomized clinical trials, citing many examples that show how careful trials can overturn preconceived or ill-conceived notions of a therapy's effectiveness and (...)
     
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  10. Zbigniew Bańkowski & Robert J. Levine (eds.) (1993). Ethics and Research on Human Subjects: International Guidelines: Proceedings of the Xxvith Cioms Conference, Geneva, Switzerland, 5-7 February 1992. [REVIEW] Cioms.
  11. Peter Steinfels & Carol Levine (eds.) (1976). Biomedical Ethics and the Shadow of Nazism: A Conference on the Proper Use of the Nazi Analogy in Ethical Debate, April 8, 1976. The Center.
     
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  12.  39
    Paul M. McNeill (1993). The Ethics and Politics of Human Experimentation. Cambridge University Press.
    This book focuses on experimentation that is carried out on human beings, including medical research, drug research and research undertaken in the social sciences. It discusses the ethics of such experimentation and asks the question: who defends the interests of these human subjects and ensures that they are not harmed? The author finds that ethical research depends on the adequacy of review by committee. Indeed most countries now rely on research ethics committees (...)
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  13. Robert Veatch (1988). The Patient as Partner: A Theory of Human Experimentation Ethics. Journal of Religious Ethics 16 (1):190-190.
     
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  14.  37
    Thomas K. McElhinney & Edmund D. Pellegrino (2001). The Institute on Human Values in Medicine: Its Role and Influence in the Conception and Evolution of Bioethics. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 22 (4):291-317.
    For ten years, 1971–1981, the Institute onHuman Values in Medicine (IHVM) played a keyrole in the development of Bioethics as afield. We have written this history andanalysis to bring to new generations ofBioethicists information about the developmentof their field within both the humanitiesdisciplines and the health professions. Thepioneers in medical humanities and ethics cametogether with medical professionals in thedecade of the 1960s. By the 1980s Bioethics wasa fully recognized discipline. We show the rolethat IHVM programs played in (...)
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  15. Paul Abraham Freund (1972). Experimentation with Human Subjects. London,Allen and Unwin.
     
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  16. H. ten Have, Jos V. M. Welie & Stuart F. Spicker (1998). Ownership of the Human Body Philosophical Considerations on the Use of the Human Body and its Parts in Healthcare.
     
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  17.  2
    Charles Burton (2011). Mengele in America: Human Experimentation and the Walter Reed Connection. Ethics in Biology, Engineering and Medicine 2 (3):271-277.
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  18.  19
    Susan L. Smith (2008). Mustard Gas and American Race-Based Human Experimentation in World War II. Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 36 (3):517-521.
    This essay examines the risks of racialized science as revealed in the American mustard gas experiments of World War II. In a climate of contested beliefs over the existence and meanings of racial differences, medical researchers examined the bodies of Japanese American, African American, and Puerto Rican soldiers for evidence of how they differed from whites.
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  19.  11
    David E. Tanner (2000). Narrative, Ethics, and Human Experimentation in Richard Selzer's "Alexis St. Martin": The Miraculous Wound Re-Examined. [REVIEW] HEC Forum 12 (2):149-160.
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  20. Susan L. Smith (2008). Mustard Gas and American Race-Based Human Experimentation in World War II. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):517-521.
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  21.  7
    Sverine Mathieu, Anne Fagot-Largeault & Philippe Amiel (2001). Acculturating Human Experimentation: An Empirical Survey in France. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (3):285-298.
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  22.  10
    Philippe Amiel, Sverine Mathieu & Anne Fagot-Largeault (2001). Acculturating Human Experimentation: An Empirical Survey in France. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (3):285 – 298.
  23. David N. Weisstub (ed.) (1998). Research on Human Subjects: Ethics, Law, and Social Policy. Pergamon.
    There have been serious controversies in the latter part of the 20th century about the roles and functions of scientific and medical research. In whose interests are medical and biomedical experiments conducted and what are the ethical implications of experimentation on subjects unable to give competent consent? From the decades following the Second World War and calls for the global banning of medical research to the cautious return to the notion that in controlled circumstances, medical research on (...) subjects is in the best interest of the given individual and the broader population, this book addresses the key implications of experimentation on humans. This volume covers major ethical themes within biomedical research providing historical, philosophical, legal and policy reflections on the literature and specific issues in the field of research on human subjects. Focusing on special populations (the elderly, children, prisoners and the cognitively impaired) it represents the most up-to-date review of the special ethical and legal conflicts that arise with relation to experimentation on subjects from these groups. In the light of current initiatives for law reform pertaining to research ethics the world over, this volume provides a timely, comprehensive and provocative exploration of the field. The volume has been carefully organized to present important philosophical perspectives on organizing principles that should underlie any practical application. A forward-looking historical review of the regulatory regimes of principal jurisdictions, including of the legal controls already in place, provides the backdrop for future policy initiatives. Additionally, in the light of global restructuring of health care systems, several chapters have been devoted to epidemiological research and related issues. (shrink)
     
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  24.  51
    Adil E. Shamoo (2009). Responsible Conduct of Research. Oxford University Press.
    Scientific research and ethics -- Ethical theory and decision making -- Data acquisition and management -- Mentoring and professional relationship -- Collaboration in research -- Authorship -- Publication and peer review -- Misconduct in research -- Intellectual property -- Conflicts of interest and scientific objectivity -- The use of animals in research -- The use of human subjects in research -- The use of vulnerable subjects in research -- Genetics, cloning, and stem cell research -- International research.
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  25. Ezekiel J. Emanuel (ed.) (2003). Ethical and Regulatory Aspects of Clinical Research: Readings and Commentary. Johns Hopkins University Press.
    All investigators funded by the National Institutes of Health are now required to receive training about the ethics of clinical research. Based on a course taught by the editors at NIH, Ethical and Regulatory Aspects of Clinical Research is the first book designed to help investigators meet this new requirement. The book begins with the history of human subjects research and guidelines instituted since World War II. It then covers various stages and components of the clinical trial (...)
     
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  26.  2
    Tjaart W. Schillhorn van Veen (1998). One Medicine: The Dynamic Relationship Between Animal and Human Medicine in History and at Present. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 15 (2):115-120.
    The relation and collaboration of human and animal medicine had its ups and downs throughout history. The interaction between these two disciplines has been especially fruitful in the broad areas of patho-physiology and of epidemiology. An exploration of the interaction between the two disciplines, using historical and contemporary examples in comparative medicine, zoonoses, zooprophylaxis, and human-animal bond, reveals that a better understanding of animal and human disease, as well as (...)
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  27. Thérèse Murphy (ed.) (2009). New Technologies and Human Rights. Oxford University Press.
    The first IVF baby was born in the 1970s. Less than 20 years later, we had cloning and GM food, and information and communication technologies had transformed everyday life. In 2000, the human genome was sequenced. More recently, there has been much discussion of the economic and social benefits of nanotechnology, and synthetic biology has also been generating controversy. This important volume is a timely contribution to increasing calls for regulation - or better regulation - of these and other (...)
     
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  28.  31
    Ana Smith Iltis (ed.) (2006). Research Ethics. Routledge.
    Medicine in the twenty-first century is increasingly reliant on research to guarantee the safety and efficacy of medical interventions. As a result, the need to understand the ethical issues that research generates is becoming essential. This volume introduces the principal areas of concern in research on human subjects, offering a framework for understanding research ethics, and the relationship between ethics and compliance. Research Ethics brings together leading scholars in bioethics and the topics covered include the unique concerns that (...)
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  29.  13
    Maria Rita Garbi Novaes, Dirce Guilhem, Elena Barragan & Stewart Mennin (2013). Ethics Education in Research Involving Human Beings in Undergraduate Medicine Curriculum in Brazil. Developing World Bioethics 13 (3):163-168.
    Introduction The Brazilian national curriculum guidelines for undergraduate medicine courses inspired and influenced the groundwork for knowledge acquisition, skills development and the perception of ethical values in the context of professional conduct. Objective The evaluation of ethics education in research involving human beings in undergraduate medicine curriculum in Brazil, both in courses with active learning processes and in those with traditional lecture learning methodologies. Methods Curricula and teaching projects of 175 Brazilian medical schools were analyzed using a (...)
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  30. Bram P. Wispelwey & Alan B. Jotkowitz (2013). To Repent or To Rationalize: Three Physicians Exchange Letters on the Ethics of Experimentation in Postwar Medicine. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (2):236-243.
    On the 50th anniversary of the Willowbrook experiment's inception, in which Dr. Saul Krugman intentionally infected cognitively disabled children with hepatitis, it is worth reflecting on how our attitude toward research ethics of the past informs our current practices. In examining ethical violations in postwar medicine, we frequently turn to examples that shock and appall, thereby offering concomitant comfort as we measure their safe distance from our own medical context. And yet, which modern medical student has not heard a (...)
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  31.  8
    LeRoy Walters (1974). Ethical Issues in Experimentation on the Human Fetus. Journal of Religious Ethics 2 (1):33 - 54.
    This essay explores some moral problems raised by experimentation involving the human fetus. In the first part of the essay three examples of fetal experimentation from the medical literature are described in some detail. Next, the ethical and legal arguments employed in the two major existing public policy-documents on fetal experimentation are analyzed. Finally, the author seeks to identify four fundamental presuppositions which underlie divergent normative positions on the problem of fetal experimentation.
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  32. Janet Gyatso (2015). Being Human in a Buddhist World: An Intellectual History of Medicine in Early Modern Tibet. Cup.
    Critically exploring medical thought in a cultural milieu with no discernible influence from the European Enlightenment, _Being Human_ reveals an otherwise unnoticed intersection of early modern sensibilities and religious values in traditional Tibetan medicine. It further studies the adaptation of Buddhist concepts and values to medical concerns and suggests important dimensions of Buddhism's role in the development of Asian and global civilization. Through its unique focus and sophisticated reading of source materials,_ Being Human_ adds a crucial chapter in (...)
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  33.  45
    James V. Lavery (ed.) (2007). Ethical Issues in International Biomedical Research: A Casebook. Oxford University Press.
    No other volume has this scope. Students in bioethics, public and international health, and ethics will find this book particularly useful.
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  34.  42
    Trevor Smith (1999). Ethics in Medical Research: A Handbook of Good Practice. Cambridge University Press.
    This is a comprehensive and practical guide to the ethical issues raised by different kinds of medical research, and is the first such book to be written with the needs of the researcher in mind. Clearly structured and written in a plain and accessible style, the book covers every significant ethical issue likely to be faced by researchers and research ethics committees. The author outlines and clarifies official guidelines, gives practical advice on how to adhere to these, and suggests procedures (...)
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  35.  9
    Anna C. Mastroianni, Ruth R. Faden & Daniel D. Federman (eds.) (1994). Women and Health Research: Ethical and Legal Issues of Including Women in Clinical Studies. National Academy Press.
    Executive Summary There is a general perception that biomedical research has not given the same attention to the health problems of women that it has given ...
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  36.  13
    Council of Europe (1997). Convention for Protection of Human Rights and Dignity of the Human Being with Regard to the Application of Biology and Biomedicine: Convention on Human Rights and Biomedicine. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 7 (3):277-290.
  37. Charles Fried (1974). Medical Experimentation Personal Integrity and Social Policy. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  38.  6
    Wenzel Geissler & Catherine Molyneux (eds.) (2011). Evidence, Ethos and Experiment: The Anthropology and History of Medical Research in Africa. Berghahn Books.
    "This is an extremely interesting and innovative collection with unusual empirical richness, with ethical and epistemological discussions cutting across ...
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  39.  1
    Richard M. Ratzan (1999). Who Goes First?: The Story of Self-Experimentation in Medicine By Lawrence K. Altman. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 43 (1):154-159.
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  40. Robert M. Veatch (2009). Patient, Heal Thyself: How the New Medicine Puts the Patient in Charge. Oxford University Press.
    The puzzling case of the broken arm -- Hernias, diets, and drugs -- Why physicians cannot know what will benefit patients -- Sacrificing patient benefit to protect patient rights -- Societal interests and duties to others -- The new, limited, twenty-first-century role for physicians as patient assistants -- Abandoning modern medical concepts: doctor's "orders" and hospital "discharge" -- Medicine can't "indicate": so why do we talk that way? --"Treatments of choice" and "medical necessity": who is fooling whom? -- (...)
     
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  41.  70
    Bernard E. Rollin (2006). Science and Ethics. Cambridge University Press.
    Bernard Rollin historically and conceptually examines the ideology that denies the relevance of ethics to science. Providing an introduction to basic ethical concepts, he discusses a variety of ethical issues relevant to science and how they are ignored, to the detriment of both science and society. These issues include research on human subjects, animal research, genetic engineering, biotechnology, cloning, xenotransplantation, and stem cell research. Rollin also explores the ideological agnosticism that scientists have displayed regarding subjective experience in humans and (...)
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  42. Arthur L. Caplan & Lynn Gillam (1996). When Medicine Went Mad: Bioethics and the Holocaust. Bioethics 10 (2):180-181.
     
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  43. Philippe Amiel (2011). Des Cobayes Et des Hommes: Expérimentation Sur l'Être Humain Et Justice. Belles Lettres.
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  44. Zelman Cowen (1985/1986). Reflections on Medicine, Biotechnology, and the Law. Distributed by the University of Nebraska Press.
     
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  45. André den Exter (ed.) (2010). Human Rights and Biomedicine. Maklu.
     
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  46. Eugene C. Kennedy (ed.) (1975). Human Rights and Psychological Research: A Debate on Psychology and Ethics: Based on the Loyola Symposium on Psychology and Ethics, May 2, 1973. Crowell.
     
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  47.  11
    David W. Meyers (2006). The Human Body and the Law: A Medico-Legal Study. Aldine Transaction.
    Thus, Meyers provides a valuable account, not only of current medical attitudes, but also of relevant case and statute law as it stands at present.
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  48. Maurice B. Visscher (1975). Ethical Constraints and Imperatives in Medical Research. Thomas.
     
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  49.  7
    William E. Seidelman (2000). The Legacy of Academic Medicine and Human Exploitation in the Third Reich. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 43 (3):325-334.
  50. William E. Seidelman (2000). Editorial-Special Issue: Symposium Medical Research Ethics at the Millennium: What Have We Learned?-The Legacy of Academic Medicine and Human Exploitation in the Third Reich. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 43 (3):325-334.
     
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