Search results for 'Human rights History' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Committe for Human Rights & American Anthropological Association (2009). Declaration on Anthropology and Human Rights (1999). In Mark Goodale (ed.), Human Rights: An Anthropological Reader. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 1920.0
     
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  2. Chapter11 Human (2012). Human Rights as Technologies of the Self: Creating the European Governmentable Subject of Rights. In Ben Golder (ed.), Re-Reading Foucault: On Law, Power and Rights. Routledge. 229.score: 1013.3
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  3. Andreas Frewer (2010). Human Rights From the Nuremberg Doctors Trial to the Geneva Declaration. Persons and Institutions in Medical Ethics and History. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 13 (3):259-268.score: 657.0
    The “Universal Declaration of Human Rights” and the “Geneva Declaration” by the World Medical Association, both in 1948, were preceded by the foundation of the United Nations in New York (1945), the World Medical Association in London (1946) and the World Health Organization in Geneva (1948). After the end of World War II the community of nations strove to achieve and sustain their primary goals of peace and security, as well as their basic premise, namely the health of (...)
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  4. Sumner B. Twiss (2004). History, Human Rights, and Globalization. Journal of Religious Ethics 32 (1):39-70.score: 561.0
    An illustrative comparison of human rights in 1948 and the contemporary period, attempting to gauge the impact of globalization on changes in the content of human rights (e.g., collective rights, women's rights, right to a healthy environment), major abusers and guarantors of human rights (e.g., state actors, transnational corporations, social movements), and alternative justifications of human rights (e.g., pragmatic agreement, moral intuitionism, overlapping consensus, cross-cultural dialogue).
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  5. Abraham Magendzo Kolstrein (2011). Why Are We Involved in Human Rights and Moral Education? Educators as Constructors of Our Own History. Journal of Moral Education 40 (3):289-297.score: 522.0
    My professional interest originally focused on curriculum planning and development, but for the last 30 years I have been researching, publishing and teaching in the field of human rights education. Suddenly, I became a human rights educator. Suddenly? No, nothing in our personal and professional life is the result of an abrupt occurrence. We are subjects of a particular history, a succession of events and narratives, located in time, space and circumstances. I constructed myself, consciously (...)
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  6. Mary Brabeck, Maureen Kenny, Sonia Stryker, Terry Tollefson & Margot Sternstrom (1994). Human Rights Education Through the 'Facing History and Ourselves' Program. Journal of Moral Education 23 (3):333-347.score: 522.0
    Abstract This study examined the effects of the Facing History and Ourselves (FHAO) human rights program on moral development and psychological functioning. The FHAO curriculum significantly increased 8th grade students? moral reasoning (Rest's 1979 Defining Issues Test) without adversely impacting on their psychological well?being (scores on depression, hopelessness or self?worth inventories). Girls were more empathic and had higher levels of social interest; boys had higher global self?worth scores; there were no differences between boys and girls in their (...)
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  7. Raf Geenens (2008). Democracy, Human Rights and History Reading Lefort. European Journal of Political Theory 7 (3):269-286.score: 522.0
    This article offers an overview of the French political philosopher Claude Lefort's oeuvre, arguing that his work should be read as a normative or even universalist justification of democracy and human rights. The notion of history plays a crucial notion in this enterprise, as Lefort demonstrates that there is an ineluctable 'historical' or 'political' condition of human coexistence, a condition that can only be properly accommodated in a regime of democracy and human rights. This (...)
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  8. John Mahoney (2007). The Challenge of Human Rights: Origin, Development, and Significance. Blackwell Pub..score: 477.0
    The Challenge of Human Rights traces the history of human rights theory from classical antiquity through the enlightenment to the modern human rights movement, and analyses the significance of human rights in today’s increasingly globalized world. Provides an engaging study of the origin and the philosophical and political development of human rights discourse. Offers an original defence of human rights. Explores the significance of human rights (...)
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  9. William Michael Schmidli (2013). The Human Rights Revolution: An International History by Akira Iriye, Petra Goedde, and William I. Hitchcock (Eds.). [REVIEW] Human Rights Review 14 (1):63-65.score: 477.0
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  10. Alastair Davidson (2010). History, Human Rights and the Left. Thesis Eleven 100 (1):106-116.score: 477.0
    Marxists should reconsider their usual attitude to universal human rights. On the Jewish Question did not reject the entire French Declaration of 1791. In 1843 Marx and Engels were close to Babouvism, the continuation of French rights. Nor was their view that the 1791 Declaration must be completed by economic and social rights; rather, their criticism concerned the reduction of universal rights to citizen rights because it left the state the final arbiter of justice, (...)
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  11. William Michael Schmidli (2013). The Human Rights Revolution: An International History by Akira Iriye, Petra Goedde, and William I. Hitchcock (Eds.): New York: Oxford University Press, 2012 (Book Review). Human Rights Review 14 (1):63-65.score: 477.0
     
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  12. Cushman Thomas (2011). Human Rights in China as an Interdisciplinary Field: History, Current Debates and New Approaches. In Thomas Cushman (ed.), Handbook of Human Rights. Routledge.score: 477.0
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  13. Antoon de Baets (2009). The Impact of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights on the Study of History. History and Theory 48 (1):20-43.score: 444.0
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  14. Paul G. Kauper (1971). A Concise History of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Philosophy and History 4 (2):221-223.score: 444.0
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  15. Costas Douzinas (1999). Human Rights at the End of History. Angelaki 4 (1):99 – 114.score: 435.0
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  16. R. P. Peerenboom (2005). Human Rights, China, and Cross-Cultural Inquiry: Philosophy, History, and Power Politics. Philosophy East and West 55 (2):283-320.score: 435.0
  17. —Bronwyn Leebaw (2008). Inventing Human Rights: A History - by Lynn Hunt. Ethics and International Affairs 22 (1):119–121.score: 435.0
  18. Ross Poole (2012). The Last Utopia: Human Rights in History by Samuel Moyn. Constellations 19 (2):340-343.score: 435.0
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  19. Abraham Magendzo & María Isabel Toledo (2009). Moral Dilemmas in Teaching Recent History Related to the Violation of Human Rights in Chile. Journal of Moral Education 38 (4):445-465.score: 435.0
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  20. Randall P. Peerenboom (2005). Human Rights, China, and Cross-Cultural Inquiry: Philosophy, History, and Power Politics. Philosophy East and West 55 (2):283 - 320.score: 435.0
  21. Eric D. Weitz (2013). Samuel Moyn and the New History of Human Rights. European Journal of Political Theory 12 (1):84-93.score: 435.0
  22. A. Gallagher (2008). Book Review: Hunt L. 2007: Inventing Human Rights -- A History. London: WW Norton, 272 Pp. GBP15.99 (HB). ISBN: 978 0 393 06095 9. [REVIEW] Nursing Ethics 15 (3):421-422.score: 435.0
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  23. Samuel Moyn (2012). The International Human Rights Movement: A History, Neier (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2012), 379 Pp., $35 Cloth. [REVIEW] Ethics and International Affairs 26 (3):392-395.score: 435.0
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  24. Bronwyn Leebaw (2008). Inventing Human Rights: A History, Lynn Hunt (New York: WW Norton and Company, 2007), 272 Pp., $25.95 Cloth, $14.95 Paper. [REVIEW] Ethics and International Affairs 22 (1):119-121.score: 435.0
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  25. A. Belden Fields (2003). Rethinking Human Rights for the New Millennium. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 432.0
    A. Belden Fields invites people to think more deeply about human rights in this book in an attempt to overcome many of the traditional arguments in the human rights literature. He argues that human rights should be reconceptualized in a holistic way to combine philosophical, historical, and empirical-practical dimensions. Human rights are viewed not as a set of universal abstractions but rather as a set of past and ongoing social practices rooted in (...)
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  26. S. Brincat (2009). 'Death to Tyrants": Self-Defence, Human Rights and Tyrannicide - Part II. Journal of International Political Theory 5 (1):75-93.score: 426.0
    This is the final part of a series of two papers that have examined the conceptual development of the philosophical justifications for tyrannicide. While Part I focused on the classical, medieval, and liberal justifications for tyrannicide, Part II aims to provide the tentative outlines of a contemporary model of tyrannicide in world politics. It is contended that a reinvigorated conception of self-defence, when coupled with the modern understanding of universal human rights, may provide the foundation for the normative (...)
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  27. Costas Douzinas & C. A. Gearty (eds.) (2014). The Meanings of Rights: The Philosophy and Social Theory of Human Rights. Cambridge University Press.score: 426.0
    Questioning some of the repetitive and narrow theoretical writings on rights, a group of leading intellectuals examine human rights from philosophical, theological, historical, literary and political perspectives.
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  28. John Dietrich & Caitlyn Witkowski (2012). Obama's Human Rights Policy: Déjà Vu with a Twist. Human Rights Review 13 (1):39-64.score: 423.0
    In US history, much human rights policy developed in four waves during the twentieth century. These waves were triggered by similar circumstances, but all proved short-lived as structural constraints such as limited US power over other countries’ domestic actions, competing US policy priorities, a US hesitance to join multilateral institutions, and the continued domestic political weakness of human rights advocates led to setbacks. As Barack Obama took office, his campaign comments and the past patterns led (...)
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  29. Kurt Beurmann (2008). Human Rights in Kosovo. Human Rights Review 9 (1):41-54.score: 423.0
    The emotions surrounding the question of Kosovo’s future owe their intensity to the long history of human rights abuses in the province. The years 1945–1966 and 1987–1999, in particular, saw harsh repression of local Albanians and a systematic favoring of local Serbs. Since June 1999, the province has been under international supervision, and, in this period, Serbs complain that they have been the victims of repeated acts of violence at the hands of Albanians. This article provides an (...)
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  30. Costas Douzinas (2000). The End of Human Rights: Critical Legal Thought at the Turn of the Century. Hart Pub..score: 390.0
     
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  31. Hans Christian Günther & Andrea A. Robiglio (eds.) (2010). The European Image of God and Man: A Contribution to the Debate on Human Rights. Brill.score: 390.0
     
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  32. Diana Tietjens Meyers (2009). Narrative Structures, Narratives of Abuse, and Human Rights. In Lisa Tessman (ed.), Feminist Ethics and Social and Political Philosophy: Theorizing the Non- Ideal. Kluwer.score: 381.0
    This paper explores the relation between victims’ stories and normativity. As a contribution to understanding how the stories of those who have been abused or oppressed can advance moral understanding, catalyze moral innovation, and guide social change, this paper focuses on narrative as a variegated form of representation and asks whether personal narratives of victimization play any distinctive role in human rights discourse. In view of the fact that a number of prominent students of narrative build normativity into (...)
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  33. Patricia A. Marshall (2005). Human Rights,Cultural Pluralism, and International Health Research. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (6):529-557.score: 381.0
    In the field of bioethics, scholars have begun to consider carefully the impact of structural issues on global population health, including socioeconomic and political factors influencing the disproportionate burden of disease throughout the world. Human rights and social justice are key considerations for both population health and biomedical research. In this paper, I will briefly explore approaches to human rights in bioethics and review guidelines for ethical conduct in international health research, focusing specifically on health research (...)
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  34. Thomas Faunce (2012). Governing Planetary Nanomedicine: Environmental Sustainability and a UNESCO Universal Declaration on the Bioethics and Human Rights of Natural and Artificial Photosynthesis (Global Solar Fuels and Foods). [REVIEW] NanoEthics 6 (1):15-27.score: 381.0
    Abstract Environmental and public health-focused sciences are increasingly characterised as constituting an emerging discipline—planetary medicine. From a governance perspective, the ethical components of that discipline may usefully be viewed as bestowing upon our ailing natural environment the symbolic moral status of a patient. Such components emphasise, for example, the origins and content of professional and social virtues and related ethical principles needed to promote global governance systems and policies that reduce ecological stresses and pathologies derived from human overpopulation, selfishness (...)
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  35. Emmanuel Kabengele Mpinga, Leslie London & Philippe Chastonay (2011). Health and Human Rights: Epistemological Status and Perspectives of Development. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14 (3):237-247.score: 381.0
    The health and human rights movement (HHR) shows obvious signs of maturation both internally and externally. Yet there are still many questions to be addressed. These issues include the movement’s epistemological status and its perspectives of development. This paper discusses critically the conditions of emergence of HHR, its identity, its dominant schools of thought, its epistemological postures and its methodological issues. Our analysis shows that: (a) the epistemological status of HHR is ambiguous; (b) its identity is uncertain in (...)
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  36. Oliver O'Donovan (2009). The Language of Rights and Conceptual History. Journal of Religious Ethics 37 (2):193-207.score: 333.0
    The historical problem about the origins of the language of rights derives its importance from the conceptual problem: of "two fundamentally different ways of thinking about justice," which is basic? Is justice unitary or plural? This in turn opens up a problem about the moral status of human nature. A narrative of the origins of "rights" is an account of how and when a plural concept of justice comes to the fore, and will be based on the (...)
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  37. Thérèse Murphy & Noel Whitty (2000). What is a Fair Trial? Rape Prosecutions, Disclosure and the Human Rights Act. Feminist Legal Studies 8 (2):143-167.score: 315.0
    This article engages with the vogue for predicting the effects of the Human Rights Act 1998 by focusing on the rape prosecution and trial. The specific interest is feminist scrutiny of the right to a fair trial, particularly the concept of ‘fairness’, in light of the increasing use of disclosure rules (in Canada and England) to gain access to medical and counseling records. Transcending the two contemporary narratives of ‘victims’/women’s rights and defendants’ rights in the criminal (...)
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  38. Robin Redhead & Nick Turnbull (2011). Towards a Study of Human Rights Practitioners. Human Rights Review 12 (2):173-189.score: 309.0
    The expansion of human rights provisions has produced an increasing number of human rights practitioners and delineated human rights as a field of its own. Questions of who is practicing human rights and how they practice it have become important. This paper considers the question of human rights practice and the agency of practitioners, arguing that practice should not be conceived as the application of philosophy, but instead approached from a (...)
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  39. Liisi Keedus (2011). 'Human and Nothing but Human': How Schmittian is Hannah Arendt's Critique of Human Rights and International Law? History of European Ideas 37 (2):190-196.score: 306.0
    (2011). ‘Human and nothing but human’: How Schmittian is Hannah Arendt's critique of human rights and international law? History of European Ideas: Vol. 37, No. 2, pp. 190-196.
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  40. Denis G. Arnold (2010). Transnational Corporations and the Duty to Respect Basic Human Rights. Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (3):371-399.score: 297.0
    In a series of reports the United Nations Special Representative on the issue of Human Rights and Transnational Corporations has emphasized a tripartite framework regarding business and human rights that includes the state “duty to protect,” the TNC “responsibility to respect,” and “appropriate remedies” for human rights violations. This article examines the recent history of UN initiatives regarding business and human rights and places the tripartite framework in historical context. Three approaches (...)
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  41. Charles R. Beitz (2009). The Idea of Human Rights. OUP Oxford.score: 297.0
    The international doctrine of human rights is one of the most ambitious parts of the settlement of World War II. Since then, the language of human rights has become the common language of social criticism in global political life. This book is a theoretical examination of the central idea of that language, the idea of a human right. In contrast to more conventional philosophical studies, the author takes a practical approach, looking at the history (...)
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  42. Claudio Corradetti (ed.) (2012). Philosophical Dimensions of Human Rights. Some Contemporary Views. Springer.score: 297.0
    Some Contemporary Views Claudio Corradetti ... A more complete history of the relation between modern humanitarianism and human rights remains to be written, and would have to identify the points at which each arose, when they ...
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  43. Dieter Misgeld (1994). Human Rights and Education: Conclusions From Some Latin American Experiences. Journal of Moral Education 23 (3):239-250.score: 297.0
    This overview describes the relatively brief, but nevertheless rich and provocative history of human rights education in Latin America. It links this history with relevant political histories, cultural phenomena and social movements. The basic perspective is derived from Chilean experiences, but then branches out into a variety of related endeavours in other countries. The occurrence of human rights violations is seen as the basic initial stimulus for human rights education.
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  44. Robert Weatherley (2000). Human Rights in China: Between Marx and Confucius. Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 3 (4):101-125.score: 297.0
    Since the death of Mao Zedong and the subsequent implementation of an ?open door? economic policy, foreign criticism of China's human rights record has greatly increased. China maintains that it possesses a distinct understanding of rights deriving from its own history and national conditions. In particular, China cites the doctrine of Marxism, its state ideology since 1949, as the primary influence on its perception of rights. Yet, China also persists in a peculiarly Confucian orthodoxy, identifiable (...)
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  45. Mary M. Brabeck & Lauren Rogers (2000). Human Rights as a Moral Issue: Lessons for Moral Educators From Human Rights Work. Journal of Moral Education 29 (2):167-182.score: 297.0
    Recent history has seen an increasing trend toward ?crossing over? between contexts and cultures. As individuals and groups learn more about each other, opportunities arise to create stronger resources for respecting and protecting human rights. One such possible ?crossing over? is between the field of moral education and the ideals and techniques of human rights work. While moral education and human rights work share many ideas and methods, areas of difference provide points to (...)
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  46. William J. Talbott (2013). Consequentialism and Human Rights. Philosophy Compass 8 (11):1030-1040.score: 297.0
    The article begins with a review of the structural differences between act consequentialist theories and human rights theories, as illustrated by Amartya Sen's paradox of the Paretian liberal and Robert Nozick's utilitarianism of rights. It discusses attempts to resolve those structural differences by moving to a second-order or indirect consequentialism, illustrated by J.S. Mill and Derek Parfit. It presents consequentialist (though not utilitarian) interpretations of the contractualist theories of Jürgen Habermas and the early John Rawls (Theory of (...)
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  47. Margaret Somerville (2011). Children's Human Rights to Natural Biological Origins and Family Structure. Bioethics Research Notes 23 (1):1.score: 297.0
    Somerville, Margaret Over the millennia of human history, the idea that children - at least those born into a marriage - had rights with respect to their biological parents was taken for granted and reflected in law and public policy. But with same-sex marriage, which gives same-sex spouses the right to found a family, that is no longer the case. Likewise, children's rights with respect to their biological origins were not an issue when there was no (...)
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  48. João Cardoso Rosas (2008). Human Rights. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 11:93-100.score: 297.0
    In this paper I submit that, if one takes seriously the distinction between citizenship rights and human rights, the list of the latter must be minimized. Many of the rights that we are used to call human rights are, in fact, citizenship rights and they belong to a history of citizenship in some specific states around the world. Thelist of human rights must be much shorter than the list of citizenship (...)
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  49. J. Yacoub (2005). For an Enlargement of Human Rights. Diogenes 52 (2):79-97.score: 297.0
    If we investigate the concept of the universality of human rights, we realize that it is limited and invalid, and that it fails because it is too utopian and unreal. It is not a question of denying that there is a generic human essence, or criticizing human rights from a moral standpoint, but of showing that ‘human rights’ do not really have a universal basis. They are a part of history, and as (...)
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  50. Faustina Pereira (2003). Human Rights, Human Wrongs, and the Problem of Multicultural Understanding. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 77:37-52.score: 297.0
    As a human rights activist and lawyer who believes in the mutuality of theology and legal philosophy, the author argues that Catholic philosophy can catalyse the process of global reconciliation. This is because the Church has the ability to recognise the double burden faced by Christians around the world (especially in Asia) who are struggling to disassociate themselves from an “alien” and “western” mantle, while still trying to live and preach the Christian doctrine and find common ground with (...)
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