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Profile: Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (Weill Cornell Medical College)
  1. Kristen Intemann & Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (forthcoming). Addressing Problems in Profit-Driven Research: How Can Feminist Conceptions of Objectivity Help? European Journal for Philosophy of Science:1-17.
    Although there is increased recognition of the inevitable--and perhaps sometimes beneficial-- role of values in scientific inquiry, there are also growing concerns about the potential for commercial values to lead to bias. This is particularly evident in biomedical research. There is a concern that conflicts of interest created by commercialization may lead to biased reasoning or methodological choices in testing drugs and medical interventions. In addition, such interests may lead research in directions that are unresponsive to pressing social needs, when (...)
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  2. Kristen Intemann & Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (forthcoming). Are There Limits to Scientists' Obligations to Seek and Engage Dissenters? Synthese:1-15.
    Dissent is thought to play a valuable role in science, so that scientific communities ought to create opportunities for receiving critical feedback and take dissenting views seriously. There is concern, however, that some dissent does more harm than good. Dissent on climate change and evolutionary theory, for example, has confused the public, created doubt about existing consensus, derailed public policy, and forced scientists to devote resources to respond. Are there limits to the extent to which scientific communities have obligations to (...)
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  3. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2013). Patenting and the Gender Gap: Should Women Be Encouraged to Patent More? [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 19 (2):491-504.
    The commercialization of academic science has come to be understood as economically desirable for institutions, individual researchers, and the public. Not surprisingly, commercial activity, particularly that which results from patenting, appears to be producing changes in the standards used to evaluate scientists’ performance and contributions. In this context, concerns about a gender gap in patenting activity have arisen and some have argued for the need to encourage women to seek more patents. They believe that because academic advancement is mainly dependent (...)
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  4. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2013). Sex Selection and the Procreative Liberty Framework. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 23 (1):1-18.
    Although surprising to some proponents of sex selection for non-medical reasons (Dahl 2005), a considerable amount of critical debate has been raised by this practice (Blyth, Frith, and Crawshaw 2008; Dawson and Trounson 1996; Dickens 2002; Harris 2005; Heyd 2003; Holm 2004; Macklin 2010; Malpani 2002; McDougall 2005; Purdy 2007; Seavilleklein and Sherwin 2007; Steinbock 2002; Strange and Chadwick 2010; Wilkinson 2008). While abortion or infanticide has long been used as means of sex selection, a new technology—preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD)—has (...)
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  5. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin & Kristen Intemann (2013). Scientific Dissent and Public Policy. Is Targeting Dissent a Reasonable Way to Protect Sound Policy Decisions? EMBO Reports 14 (4):231-35.
     
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  6. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2012). A Parental Duty to Use PGD: More Than We Bargained For? American Journal of Bioethics 12 (4):14-15.
    The American Journal of Bioethics, Volume 12, Issue 4, Page 14-15, April 2012.
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  7. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2012). Through a Glass, Darkly. Metascience 21 (2):367-370.
    Through a glass, darkly Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-4 DOI 10.1007/s11016-011-9633-2 Authors Inmaculada de Melo-Martín, Division of Medical Ethics, Department of Public Health, Weill Cornell Medical College—Cornell University, 402 E. 67th Street, New York, NY 10065, USA Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  8. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín & Kristen Intemann (2012). Interpreting Evidence: Why Values Can Matter As Much As Science. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 55 (1):59-70.
    Despite increasing recognition of the ways in which ethical and social values play a role in science (Kitcher 2001; Longino 1990, 2002), scientists are often still reluctant to acknowledge or discuss ethical and social values at stake in their research. Even when research is closely connected to developing public policy, it is generally held that it should be empirical data, and not the values of scientists, that inform policy. According to this view, scientists need not, and should not, endorse non-epistemic (...)
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  9. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin, D. Sondhi & Rg Crystal (2012). Novel Therapies, High-Risk Pediatric Research, and the Prospect of Benefit: Learning From the Ethical Disagreements. Molecular Therapapy 20 (6):1095-102..
     
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  10. Arleen Salles & Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2012). Disgust in Bioethics. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 21 (02):267-280.
    edited by Tuija Takala and Matti Häyry, welcomes contributions on the conceptual and theoretical dimensions of bioethics.
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  11. Inmaculada de Melo-martín (2011). Human Dignity in International Policy Documents: A Useful Criterion for Public Policy? Bioethics 25 (1):37-45.
    Current developments in biomedicine are presenting us with difficult ethical decisions and raising complex policy questions about how to regulate these new developments. Particularly vexing for governments have been issues related to human embryo experimentation. Because some of the most promising biomedical developments, such as stem cell research and nuclear somatic transfer, involve such experimentation, several international bodies have drafted documents aimed to provide guidance to governments when developing biomedical science policy. Here I focus on two such documents: the Council (...)
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  12. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2011). IRBs and The Long-Term Social Implications of Research. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (5):22-23.
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  13. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2011). More Clarifications: On the Goals of Conflict of Interest Policies. American Journal of Bioethics 11 (1):35-37.
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  14. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2011). When Ethics Constrains Clinical Research: Trial Design of Control Arms in "Greater Than Minimal Risk" Pediatric Trials. Human Gene Therapy 22 (9):1121-27.
     
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  15. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín, David Ingram, Sally Wyatt, Yoko Arisaka & Andrew Feenberg (2011). Book Symposium on Andrew Feenberg's Between Reason and Experience: Essays in Technology and Modernity. Philosophy and Technology 24 (2):203-226.
    Book Symposium on Andrew Feenberg’s Between Reason and Experience: Essays in Technology and Modernity Content Type Journal Article Pages 203-226 DOI 10.1007/s13347-011-0017-8 Authors Inmaculada de Melo-Martín, Division of Medical Ethics, Weill Cornell Medical College, New York, NY 10065, USA David B. Ingram, Loyola University Chicago, 6525 North Sheridan Road, Chicago, IL 60626, USA Sally Wyatt, e-Humanities Group, Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) & Maastricht University, Cruquiusweg 31, 1019 AT Amsterdam, The Netherlands Yoko Arisaka, Forschungsinstitut für Philosophie Hannover, (...)
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  16. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín & Kristen Intemann (2011). Feminist Resources for Biomedical Research: Lessons From the HPV Vaccines. Hypatia 26 (1):79-101.
    Several feminist philosophers of science have argued that social and political values are compatible with, and may even enhance, scientific objectivity. A variety of normative recommendations have emerged regarding how to identify, manage, and critically evaluate social values in science. In particular, several feminist theorists have argued that scientific communities ought to: 1) include researchers with diverse experiences, interests, and values, with equal opportunity and authority to scrutinize research; 2) investigate or “study up” scientific phenomena from the perspectives, interests, and (...)
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  17. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín & Arleen Salles (2011). On Disgust and Human Dignity. Journal of Value Inquiry 45 (2):159-168.
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  18. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2010). An Undignified Bioethics: There is No Method in This Madness. Bioethics 26 (4):224-230.
    In a recent article, Alasdair Cochrane argues for the need to have an undignified bioethics. His is not, of course, a call to transform bioethics into an inelegant, pathetic discipline, or one failing to meet appropriate disciplinary standards. His is a call to simply eliminate the concept of human dignity from bioethical discourse. Here I argue that he fails to make his case. I first show that several of the flaws that Cochrane identifies are not flaws of the conceptions of (...)
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  19. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2010). Defending Human Enhancement Technologies: Unveiling Normativity. Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (8):483-487.
    Recent advances in biotechnologies have led to speculations about enhancing human beings. Many of the moral arguments presented to defend human enhancement technologies have been limited to discussions of their risks and benefits. The author argues that in so far as ethical arguments focus primarily on risks and benefits of human enhancement technologies, these arguments will be insufficient to provide a robust defence of these technologies. This is so because the belief that an assessment of risks and benefits is a (...)
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  20. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2010). Human Dignity, Transhuman Dignity, and All That Jazz. American Journal of Bioethics 10 (7):53-55.
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  21. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín & Marin Gillis (2010). Ethical Issues in Human Stem Cell Research : Embryos and Beyond. In Craig Hanks (ed.), Technology and Values: Essential Readings. Wiley-Blackwell.
     
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  22. Marin Gillis & Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2010). Editors' Introduction: Biomedical Technologies. Hypatia 25 (3):497-503.
  23. Kristen Intemann & Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2010). Social Values and Scientific Evidence: The Case of the HPV Vaccines. Biology and Philosophy 25 (2):203-213.
    Several have argued that the aims of scientific research are not always independent of social and ethical values. Yet this is often assumed only to have implications for decisions about what is studied, or which research projects are funded, and not for methodological decisions or standards of evidence. Using the case of the recently developed HPV vaccines, we argue that the social aims of research can also play important roles in justifying decisions about (1) how research problems are defined in (...)
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  24. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2009). How Do Disclosure Policies Fail? Let Us Count the Ways. FASEB Journal 23 (6):1638-42.
  25. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2009). Vulnerability and Ethics: Considering Our Cartesian Hangover. Lancet 373 (9671):1244-5.
     
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  26. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2009). Assisted Reproductive Technology in Spain: Considering Women's Interests. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 18 (03):228-.
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  27. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2009). Creating Reflective Spaces: Interactions Between Philosophers and Biomedical Scientists. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 52 (1):39-47.
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  28. Martha Sañudo & Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2009). Monterrey, C-Section Capital of Mexico: Examining the Ethical Dimensions. International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 2 (1):148-164.
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  29. David M. Craig, Robert I. Field, Ar Caplan, John P. Gluck, Mark T. Holdsworth, Bert Gordijn, L. Norbert, Henk A. M. J. ten Have, Norbert L. Steinkamp & Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2008). By Author. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (4):405-407.
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  30. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2008). A Duty to Participate in Research: Does Social Context Matter? American Journal of Bioethics 8 (10):28-36.
    Because of the important benefits that biomedical research offers to humans, some have argued that people have a general moral obligation to participate in research. Although the defense of such a putative moral duty has raised controversy, few scholars, on either side of the debate, have attended to the social context in which research takes place and where such an obligation will be discharged. By reflecting on the social context in which a presumed duty to participate in research will obtain, (...)
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  31. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2008). Chimeras and Human Dignity. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 18 (4):pp. 331-346.
    Discussions about whether new biomedical technologies threaten or violate human dignity are now common. Indeed, appeals to human dignity have played a central role in national and international debates about whether to allow particular kinds of biomedical investigations. The focus of this paper is on chimera research. I argue here that both those who claim that particular types of human-nonhuman chimera research threaten human dignity and those who argue that such threat does not exist fail to make their case. I (...)
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  32. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2008). Ethics, Embryos, and Eggs: The Need for More Than Epistemic Values. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (12):38-40.
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  33. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2008). Response to Open Peer Commentaries on “A Duty to Participate in Research: Does Social Context Matter?”. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (10):3-4.
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  34. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin & I. Cholst (2008). Researching Human Oocyte Cryopreservation: Ethical Issues. Fertility and Sterility 89 (3):523-8.
     
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  35. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin & Joseph J. Fins (2008). Strangers No More: Genuine Interdisciplinarity. American Journal of Bioethics 8 (3):16 – 17.
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  36. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin & A. Ho (2008). Beyond Informed Consent: The Therapeutic Misconception and Trust. Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (3):202-205.
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  37. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin & Z. Meghani (2008). Beyond Risk. A More Realistic Risk-Benefit Analysis of Agricultural Biotechnologies. EMBO Reports 9 (4):302-06.
     
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  38. Kristen Intemann & Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2008). Regulating Scientific Research: Should Scientists Be Left Alone? FASEB Journal 22 (3):654-58.
     
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  39. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2007). Should Professional Associations Sanction Conscientious Refusals? American Journal of Bioethics 7 (6):23 – 24.
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  40. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin & Kristen Intemann (2007). Can Ethical Reasoning Contribute to Better Epidemiology? A Case Study in Research on Racial Health Disparities. European Journal of Epidemiology 22 (4):215-21.
     
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  41. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin, Li Palmer & Jj Fins (2007). Viewpoint: Developing a Research Ethics Consultation Service to Foster Responsive and Responsible Clinical Research. Academic Medicine 82 (9):900-4.
     
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  42. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2006). Biotechnology. Tweaking Here, Tuning There. Is That All We Need? Philosophy Now 56:35-37.
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  43. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2006). Furthering Injustices Against Women: Genetic Information, Moral Obligations, and Gender. Bioethics 20 (6):301–307.
  44. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2006). Genetic Testing: The Appropriate Means for a Desired Goal? [REVIEW] Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 3 (3):167-177.
    Scientists, the medical profession, philosophers, social scientists, policy makers, and the public at large have been quick to embrace the accomplishments of genetic science. The enthusiasm for the new biotechnologies is not unrelated to their worthy goal. The belief that the new genetic technologies will help to decrease human suffering by improving the public’s health has been a significant influence in the acceptance of technologies such as genetic testing and screening. But accepting this end should not blind us to the (...)
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  45. Inma de Melo-Martin (2005). Firing Up the Nature/Nurture Controversy: Bioethics and Genetic Determinism. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (9):526-530.
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  46. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2005). Firing Up the Nature/Nurture Controversy: Bioethics and Genetic Determinism. Journal of Medical Ethics 31 (9):526-530.
  47. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2004). On Our Obligation to Select the Best Children: A Reply to Savulescu. Bioethics 18 (1):72–83.
  48. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2003). When Is Biology Destiny? Biological Determinism and Social Responsibility. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1184-1194.
    When is Biology Destiny? Biological Determinism and Social Responsibility Abstract I argue here that critics of biological explanations of human nature are mistaken when they maintain that the truth of genetic determinism implies the end of critical evaluation and reform of our social institutions. Such claim erroneously presupposes that our social values, practices, and institutions have nothing to do with what makes biological explanations troublesome. What constitutes a problem for those who are concerned with social justice is not the fact (...)
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  49. Inmaculada de Melo-Martín (2003). Biological Explanations and Social Responsibility. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (2):345-358.
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  50. Inmaculada de Melo-Martin (2003). Biological Explanations and Social Responsibility. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (2):345-358.
    The aim of this paper is to show that critics of biological explanations of human nature may be granting too much to those who propose such explanations when they argue that the truth of genetic determinism implies an end to critical evaluation and reform of our social institutions. This is the case because when we argue that biological determinism exempts us from social critique we are erroneously presupposing that our social values, practices, and institutions have nothing to do with what (...)
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