32 found
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  1.  11
    Ilana Löwy (1990). The Strength of Loose Concepts-Boundary Concepts, Federative Experimental Strategies and Disciplinary Growth: The Case of Immunology. History of Science 30 (90):371-396.
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  2.  1
    Ilana Löwy (2004). 'A River That is Cutting its Own Bed': The Serology of Syphilis Between Laboratory, Society and the Law. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 35 (3):509-524.
    This paper focuses on the role of regulation in the shaping new scientific facts. Fleck chose to study the origins of a diagnostic test for a disease seen as a major public health problem, that is, a ‘scientific fact’ that had a direct and immediate influence outside the closed universe of fundamental scientific research. In 1935, when Fleck wrote his book, Genesis and development of a scientific fact, he believed that the tumultuous early history of the Wassermann reaction had come (...)
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  3.  10
    Ilana Löwy (1994). On Hybridizations, Networks and New Disciplines: The Pasteur Institute and the Development of Microbiology in France. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (5):655-688.
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  4.  4
    Ilana Löwy (2014). Prenatal Diagnosis: The Irresistible Rise of the ‘Visible Fetus’. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 47:290-299.
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  5.  30
    Ilana Löwy (2004). Introduction: Ludwik Fleck's Epistemology of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 35 (3):437-445.
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  6.  4
    Ilana Löwy (2012). Prenatal Diagnosis and the Transformation of the Epistemic Space of Human Heredity. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 35 (1):99-104.
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  7.  3
    Ilana Löwy (2010). Reproductive Revolutions. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 41 (4):422-424.
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  8.  18
    Ilana Löwy (2008). Ways of Seeing: Ludwik Fleck and Polish Debates on the Perception of Reality, 1890–1947. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (3):375-383.
    This article argues that Ludwik Fleck’s understanding of scientific observation as a social and cultural process stemmed not only from his practical experience as a bacteriologist and serologist, but also from a confrontation with ideas developed by other Polish thinkers. It discusses ideas of three such thinkers: the ophthalmologist and philosopher of medicine Zygmunt Kramsztyk, the mathematician and painter Leon Chwistek, and the playwright, painter and photographer Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz . Kramsztyk was interested in the way the observer’s preconceived idea (...)
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  9.  3
    Ilana Löwy (1988). Quantification in Science and Cognition Circa 1937 A Newly Discovered Text of Ludwik Fleck. Science in Context 2 (2):345.
  10.  47
    Ilana Löwy (1997). Epidemiology, Immunology, and Yellow Fever: The Rockefeller Foundation in Brazil, 1923-1939. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 30 (3):397 - 417.
  11.  5
    Ilana Löwy (2008). Ways of Seeing: Ludwik Fleck and Polish Debates on the Perception of Reality, 1890–1947. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 39 (3):375-383.
    This article argues that Ludwik Fleck’s understanding of scientific observation as a social and cultural process stemmed not only from his practical experience as a bacteriologist and serologist, but also from a confrontation with ideas developed by other Polish thinkers. It discusses ideas of three such thinkers: the ophthalmologist and philosopher of medicine Zygmunt Kramsztyk, the mathematician and painter Leon Chwistek, and the playwright, painter and photographer Stanislaw Ignacy Witkiewicz . Kramsztyk was interested in the way the observer’s preconceived idea (...)
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  12.  6
    Ilana Löwy (1987). The Impact of Medical Practice on Biomedical Research: The Case of Human Leucocyte Antigens Studies. [REVIEW] Minerva 25 (1-2):171-200.
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  13.  3
    Ilana Löwy (1994). Experimental Systems and Clinical Practices: Tumor Immunology and Cancer Immunotherapy, 1895-1980. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 27 (3):403 - 435.
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  14.  5
    Ilana Löwy (1990). Medical Critique [Krytyka Lekarska]: A Journal of Medicine and Philosophy – 1897–1907. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 15 (6):653-674.
    Medico-philosophical reflections were developed in the 19th and the 20th centuries by three consecutive generations of Polish physicians, active in what was later named the Polish School of Philosophy of Medicine. The second generation of this school published its own journal, Medical Critique [Krytika Lekarska], from 1897 to 1907. Medical Critique included numerous articles on the nature of medical knowledge, the reductionism versus holism debate in biology and medicine, the importance of teleologically-oriented approaches in medicine, the influence of theories and (...)
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  15.  6
    Ilana Löwy (2005). Biotherapies of Chronic Diseases in the Inter-War Period: From Witte's Peptone to Penicillium Extract. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 36 (4):675-695.
    In the inter-war period physicians elaborated numerous ‘biotherapies’ grounded in the complex interactions between physiology, bacteriology and immunology. The elaboration of these non-specific biological treatments was stimulated by the theory of generalized anaphylaxis that linked the violent reaction to a foreign protein to a broad array of chronic diseases, from asthma and urticaria to rheumatism or chronic colitis. Such diseases were perceived as the result of an ‘abnormal reactivity’ to a sensitisation of tissues and organs by bacteria and by foreign (...)
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  16.  2
    Ilana Löwy (1995). “Nothing More to Be Done”: Palliative Care Versus Exerimental Therapy in Advanced Cancer. Science in Context 8 (1).
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  17.  3
    Ilana Löwy (2014). How Genetics Came to the Unborn: 1960–2000. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 47:154-162.
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  18.  4
    Ilana Löwy (2013). Le genre du cancer. Clio 1 (37):65-83.
    Le cancer est perçu aujourd’hui comme une maladie qui affecte à peu près autant d’hommes que de femmes. C’est cependant une conception relativement récente. Jusqu’au milieu du xxe siècle, le cancer était considéré comme une pathologie principalement féminine, les tumeurs malignes produisant des symptômes typiques faciles à détecter. Au xxe siècle, les cancers féminins – du sein et de l’utérus – sont les principales cibles des campagnes publiques pour la détection précoce des tumeurs malignes. Depuis les années 1950, le développement (...)
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  19.  4
    Ilana Löwy (2012). Defusing the Population Bomb in the 1950s: Foam Tablets in India. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 43 (3):583-593.
    After the World War II era, Western experts explained that the progress of medicine, which had led to a decrease in mortality in developing countries was not accompanied by a parallel decrease in birth rates . This conjunction, they warned, would lead inexorably to population explosion and its terrifying consequences: famines, riots, political instability, expansion of Communism, wars. A heterogenous coalition of demographers, public health experts and politicians was urgently looking for an effective means to curb population growth. In the (...)
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  20. Ilana Löwy (2002). Epidemics and Populations. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 33 (1):187-194.
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  21. Ilana Löwy (2004). ‘A River That is Cutting its Own Bed’: The Serology of Syphilis Between Laboratory, Society and the Law. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (3):509-524.
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  22. Ilana Löwy (2005). Biotherapies of Chronic Diseases in the Inter-War Period: From Witte’s Peptone to Penicillium Extract. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 36 (4):675-695.
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  23. Ilana Löwy (2012). Defusing the Population Bomb in the 1950s: Foam Tablets in India. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 43 (3):583-593.
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  24. Ilana Löwy (2002). Epidemics and Populations. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 33 (1):187-194.
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  25. Ilana Löwy (2008). Immunology in the Clinics: Reductionism, Holism or Both? In Kenton Kroker, Jennifer Keelan & Pauline Mazumdar (eds.), Crafting Immunity: Working Histories of Clinical Immunology. Ashgate 165--76.
     
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  26. Ilana Löwy (2004). Introduction: Ludwik Fleck’s Epistemology of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 35 (3):437-445.
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  27. Ilana Löwy & Patrick Zylberman (2000). Medicine as a Social Instrument: Rockefeller Foundation, 1913–45. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 31 (3):365-379.
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  28. Ilana Löwy (2003). On Guinea Pigs, Dogs and Men: Anaphylaxis and the Study of Biological Individuality, 1902–1939. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 34 (3):399-423.
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  29. Ilana Löwy (2010). Reproductive Revolutions. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 41 (4):422-424.
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  30. William Muraskin & Ilana Lowy (1998). Book Reviews-the War Against Hepatitis B: A History of the International Task Force on Hepatitis B Immunization. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 20 (1):117-118.
     
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  31. Laura Otis & Ilana Lowy (2000). Book Reviews-Membranes: Metaphors of Invasion in Nineteenth Century Literature, Science and Politics. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 22 (3):428-428.
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  32. Christiane Sinding & Ilana Lowy (1994). Le clinicien et le chercheur. Des maladies de la carence a la medecine moleculaire. History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 16 (2):355.
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