Search results for 'Ilkka Pyysia¨Inen' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ilkka Pyysia¨Inen (2003). True Fiction: Philosophy and Psychology of Religious Belief. Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):109-125.
    The phenomenon of religious belief has been much discussed in philosophy of religion. However, a priori argumentation alone cannot establish what religious belief is like as a psychological attitude. Recent advances in the cognitive science of religion have paved the way for a new, naturalized philosophy of religion. Taking into account the relevant results and hypotheses presented within these disciplines, it is possible to develop a more empirically informed philosophy of religious belief. Instead of asking whether believing is rational, it (...)
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  2.  1
    Pyysiainen Ilkka (2006). Does Meditation Swamp Working Memory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6).
  3.  1
    Pyysiainen Ilkka (2006). No Evidence of a Specific Adaptation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):484.
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  4.  1
    Pilar Beltrán Orenes (1999). Análisis del concepto de progreso matemático en Ilkka Niiniluoto. Contrastes: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 4:9-23.
    La noción de "progreso matemático" constituye uno de los elementos del planteamiento filosófico-metodológico de Ilkka Niiniluoto a los que menor atención se les ha prestado. Para esclarecer esta noción en su enfoque, se estudia su propuesta matemática general, que se asienta en una Epistemología de realismo científico-crítico. Se resalta la conjunción que propone entre una Metodología de carácter "cuasi-empírico", que le aproxima a I. Lakatos, y una Epistemología realista, que le hace sintonizar con la Ontología del "mundo 3" de (...)
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  5. Thomas Mormann (2016). Ilkka Niiniluoto, Sami Pihlström (Eds.), Reappraisals of Eino Kaila's Philosophy. [REVIEW] Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook 18:281 - 285.
  6.  70
    David Pearce (1987). Critical Realism in Progress: Reflections on Ilkka Niiniluoto's Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 27 (2):147 - 171.
  7.  24
    Theo A. F. Kuipers (2005). Qualitative and Quantitative Inference to the Best Theory: Reply to Ilkka Niiniluoto. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):276-280.
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  8.  13
    Ioannis Votsis (2003). Book Review of Ilkka Niiniluoto, Critical Scientific Realism, Oxford: Oxford University Press. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 70 (2):444-447.
    This is certainly true. Simulationists and experimentalists face equally relevant challenges when it comes to establishing that the results of their simulation or experiment are informative about the real world. But it is one thing to point this fact out, and it is another to understand how those challenges are overcome, under differing circumstances, and in varying contexts. It is here that Marcel Boumans’ contribution becomes especially valuable. He presents an example from economics in which a mathematical model performs the (...)
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  9.  7
    Jarrett Leplin (1985). Book Review:Is Science Progressive? Ilkka Niiniluoto. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 52 (4):646-.
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  10. Sirkku K. Hellsten (2005). Leila Haaparanta and Ilkka Niiniluoto, Eds., Analytic Philosophy in Finland Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 25 (2):111-113.
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  11.  1
    R. C. B. (1997). Ilkka Pyysiäinen. Belief and Beyond: Religious Categorization of Reality. Pp. 177. (Abo Academis Tryckeri (Religionsvetenskapliga Skrifter Nr 33), 1996.). [REVIEW] Religious Studies 33 (2):239-241.
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  12.  1
    I. Carnap'S. Early Work (2003). Ilkka Niiniluoto Carnap on Truth. In Thomas Bonk (ed.), Language, Truth and Knowledge. Kluwer 2--1.
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  13. David Pearce (1989). Review: Ilkka Niiniluoto, Truthlikeness. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (1):297-300.
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  14.  5
    C. R. (1997). Ilkka Pyysiäinen. Belief and Beyond: Religious Categorization of Reality. Pp. 177. (Abo Academis Tryckeri (Religionsvetenskapliga Skrifter Nr 33), 1996.). [REVIEW] Religious Studies 33 (2):239-241.
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  15.  1
    Akira Nakamura (1969). Review: Seppo Ilkka, A New Arithmetization for Finitely Many-Valued Propositional Calculi. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (2):304-304.
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  16.  1
    P. Beltrán Orenes (1999). Análisis del concepto de progreso matemático en Ilkka Niiniluoto. Contrastes: Revista Interdisciplinar de Filosofía 4:9-23.
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  17. Richard E. Grandy (1982). Zucker J. I.. The Adequacy Problem for Classical Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic, Vol. 7 , Pp. 517–535.Zucker J. I. And Tragesser R. S.. The Adequacy Problem for Inferential Logic. Journal of Philosophical Logic, Pp. 501–516.Prawitz Dag. Proofs and the Meaning and Completeness of the Logical Constants. Essays on Mathematical and Philosophical Logic, Proceedings of the Fourth Scandinavian Logic Symposium and of the First Soviet-Finnish Logic Conference, Jyväskyla, Finland, June 29-July 6,1976, Edited by Hintikka Jaakko, Niiniluoto Ilkka, and Saarinen Esa, Synthese Library, Vol. 122, D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht, Boston, and London, 1979, Pp. 25–40.Prawitz Dag. Meaning and Proofs: On the Conflict Between Classical and Intuitionistic Logic. Theoria, Vol. 43 , Pp. 2–40.Dummett M. A. E.. The Justification of Deduction. Proceedings of the British Academy, Vol. 59 , Pp. 201–232.Dummett Michael. The Philosophical Basis of Intuitionistic Logic. Logic Colloquium '73, Proceedings. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 47 (3):689-694.
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  18. C. Howson (1984). Jeffrey Richard. Introduction. Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability, Volume II, Edited by Jeffrey Richard C., University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London, 1980, Pp. 1–6.Carnap Rudolf. A Basic System of Inductive Logic, Part II. Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability, Volume II, Edited by Jeffrey Richard C., University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London, 1980, Pp. 7–155.Hintikka Jaakko and Niiniluoto Ilkka. An Axiomatic Foundation for the Logic of Inductive Generalization. Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability, Volume II, Edited by Jeffrey Richard C., University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London, 1980, Pp. 157–181. Kuipers Theo A. F.. A Survey of Inductive Systems. Studies in Inductive Logic and Probability, Volume II, Edited by Jeffrey Richard C., University of California Press, Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London, 1980, Pp. 183–192.Fenstad Jens Erik. The Structure of Probabilities Defined on First-Order Langua. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (4):1409-1410.
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  19. Chʻang-ho Kim (ed.) (2005). Chilli Chʻŏngbaji: Nae Ka Anŭn Kŏt I Chilli Ilkka? Ungjin Chisik Hausŭ.
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  20. Chʻang-ho Kim (ed.) (2005). Haengbok Chʻŏngbaji: 'Chŭlgŏun' Sam I 'Choŭn' Sam Ilkka. Ungjin Chisik Hausŭ.
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  21. Ernan Mcmullin (1987). Is Science Progressive? By Ilkka Niiniluoto. [REVIEW] Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 78:260-261.
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  22. Ernan McMullin (1987). Is Science Progressive?Ilkka Niiniluoto. Isis 78 (2):260-261.
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  23. Akira Nakamura (1969). Ilkka Seppo. A New Arithmetization for Finitely Many-Valued Propositional Calculi. Societas Scientiarum Fennica, Commentationes Physico-Mathematicae, Vol. 32 No. 8, Helsinki 1966, 13 Pp. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (2):304.
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  24. David Pearce (1989). Niiniluoto Ilkka. Truthlikeness. Synthese Library, Vol. 195. D. Reidel Publishing Company, Dordrecht Etc. 1987, Xvii + 518 Pp. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (1):297-300.
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  25. Sami Pihlström, Panu Raatikainen & Matti Sintonen (eds.) (2007). Approaching Truth: Essays in Honour of Ilkka Niiniluoto. College Publications.
     
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  26. Raimo Tuomela (1974). Bohnert Herbert G.. Communication by Ramsey-Sentence Clause. Philosophy of Science, Vol. 34 , Pp. 341–347.Scheffler Israel. Reflections on the Ramsey Method. The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 65 , Pp. 269–274.Bohnert Herbert G.. In Defense of Ramsey's Elimination Method. The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 65 Pp. 275–281.Niiniluoto Ilkka. Empirically Trivial Theories and Inductive Systematization. Logic, Probability, and Language, Edited by Bogdan Radu J. And Niiniluoto I., D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht 1973, Pp. 101–107. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 39 (3):617-619.
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  27. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1999). Critical Scientific Realism. Oxford University Press.
    This book comes to the rescue of scientific realism, showing that reports of its death have been greatly exaggerated. Philosophical realism holds that the aim of a particular discourse is to make true statements about its subject matter. Ilkka Niiniluoto surveys different kinds of realism in various areas of philosophy and then sets out his own critical realist philosophy of science.
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  28. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1998). Verisimilitude: The Third Period. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):1-29.
    The modern history of verisimilitude can be divided into three periods. The first began in 1960, when Karl Popper proposed his qualitative definition of what it is for one theory to be more truthlike than another theory, and lasted until 1974, when David Miller and Pavel Trich published their refutation of Popper's definition. The second period started immediately with the attempt to explicate truthlikeness by means of relations of similarity or resemblance between states of affairs (or their linguistic representations); the (...)
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  29.  13
    Luca Tambolo (2014). Pliability and Resistance: Feyerabendian Insights Into Sophisticated Realism. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 4 (2):197-213.
    In this paper we focus on two claims, put forward by Feyerabend in his later writings , which constitute the metaphysical core of his view of scientific inquiry. The first, that we call the pliability thesis, is the claim that the world can be described by indefinitely many conceptual systems, none of them enjoying a privileged status. The second, that we call the resistance thesis, is the claim that the pliability of the world is limited, i.e., not all the different (...)
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  30. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1999). Critical Scientific Realism. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Ilkka Niiniluoto comes to the rescue of realism in the philosophy of science. Philosophical realism holds that the aim of a particular discourse is to make true statements about its subject-matter. Niiniluoto surveys different kinds of realism in various areas of philosophy, then sets out his own critical realist philosophy of science, characterizing scientific progress in terms of increasing truthlikeness, and defends this theory against its rivals.
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  31.  24
    Ilkka Niiniluoto (2011). From Dynamic Disbeliefs to Causality and Chance. Metascience 20 (3):549-552.
    From dynamic disbeliefs to causality and chance Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9478-0 Authors Ilkka Niiniluoto, Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, 00014 Finland Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  32.  2
    William E. Herfel, Wladlyslaw Krajewski, Ilkka Niiniluoto & Ryszard Wójcicki (1995). Theories and Models in Scientific Processes: Proceedings of Afos '94 Workshop, August 15-26, Madralin and Iuhps '94 Conference, August 27-29, Warszawa. [REVIEW] Rodopi.
    Contents: PART 1. MODELS IN SCIENTIFIC PROCESSES. Joseph AGASSI: Why there is no theory of models. Ma??l??gorzata CZARNOCKA: Models and symbolic nature of knowledge. Adam GROBLER: The representational and the non-representational in models of scientific theories. Stephan HARTMANN: Models as a tool for the theory construction; some strategies of preliminary physics. William HERFEL: Nonlinear dynamical models as concrete construction. Elzbieta KA??L??USZY??N??SKA: Styles of thinking. Stathis PSILLOS: The cognitive interplay between theories and models: the case of 19th century optics. PART 2. (...)
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  33. Gustavo Cevolani & Luca Tambolo (2013). Progress as Approximation to the Truth: A Defence of the Verisimilitudinarian Approach. Erkenntnis 78 (4):921-935.
    In this paper we provide a compact presentation of the verisimilitudinarian approach to scientific progress (VS, for short) and defend it against the sustained attack recently mounted by Alexander Bird (2007). Advocated by such authors as Ilkka Niiniluoto and Theo Kuipers, VS is the view that progress can be explained in terms of the increasing verisimilitude (or, equivalently, truthlikeness, or approximation to the truth) of scientific theories. According to Bird, VS overlooks the central issue of the appropriate grounding of (...)
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  34.  7
    Ilkka Niiniluoto (1989). Truthlikeness. Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (1):297-300.
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  35. Iikka Pyysiainen (2009). Supernatural Agents: Why We Believe in Souls, Gods, and Buddhas. Oxford University Press Usa.
    The cognitive science of religion is a rapidly growing field whose practitioners apply insights from advances in cognitive science in order to provide a better understanding of religious impulses, beliefs, and behaviors. In this book Ilkka Pyysiäinen shows how this methodology can profitably be used in the comparative study of beliefs about superhuman agents. He begins by developing a theoretical outline of the basic, modular architecture of the human mind and especially the human capacity to understand agency. He then (...)
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  36. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1999). Defending Abduction. Philosophy of Science 66 (3):451.
    Charles S. Peirce argued that, besides deduction and induction, there is a third mode of inference which he called " hypothesis " or " abduction." He characterized abduction as reasoning " from effect to cause," and as " the operation of adopting an explanatory hypothesis." Peirce ' s ideas about abduction, which are related also to historically earlier accounts of heuristic reasoning, have been seen as providing a logic of scientific discovery. Alternatively, abduction is interpreted as giving reasons for pursuing (...)
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  37.  65
    Ilkka Niiniluoto, Scientific Progress. Synthese.
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  38.  40
    Ilkka Niiniluoto (2011). Revising Beliefs Towards the Truth. Erkenntnis 75 (2):165-181.
    Belief revision (BR) and truthlikeness (TL) emerged independently as two research programmes in formal methodology in the 1970s. A natural way of connecting BR and TL is to ask under what conditions the revision of a belief system by new input information leads the system towards the truth. It turns out that, for the AGM model of belief revision, the only safe case is the expansion of true beliefs by true input, but this is not very interesting or realistic as (...)
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  39.  17
    Ilkka Pyysiäinen & Marc Hauser (2010). The Origins of Religion : Evolved Adaptation or by-Product? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 14 (3):104-109.
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  40.  4
    Ilkka Niiniluoto, Unification and Confirmation.
    According to the traditional requirement, formulated by William Whewell in his account of the “consilience of inductions” in 1840, a scientific hypothesis should have unifying power in the sense that it explains and predicts several mutually independent phenomena. Variants of this notion of consilience or unification include deductive, inductive, and approximate systematization. Inference from surprising phenomena to their theoretical explanations was called abduction by Charles Peirce. As a unifying theory is independently testable by new kinds of phenomena, it should also (...)
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  41. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1997). Reference Invariance and Truthlikeness. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):546-554.
    A holistic account of the meaning of theoretical terms leads scientific realism into serious troubles. Alternative methods of reference fixing are needed by a realist who wishes to show how reference invariance is possible in spite of meaning variance. This paper argues that the similarity theory of truthlikeness and approximate truth, developed by logicians since the mid 1970s, helps to make precise the idea of charitable theoretical reference. Comparisons to the recent proposals by Kitcher and Psillos are given. This argument (...)
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  42.  24
    Ilkka Niiniluoto (2014). Scientific Progress as Increasing Verisimilitude. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 46:73-77.
    According to the foundationalist picture, shared by many rationalists and positivist empiricists, science makes cognitive progress by accumulating justified truths. Fallibilists, who point out that complete certainty cannot be achieved in empirical science, can still argue that even successions of false theories may progress toward the truth. This proposal was supported by Karl Popper with his notion of truthlikeness or verisimilitude. Popper’s own technical definition failed, but the idea that scientific progress means increasing truthlikeness can be expressed by defining degrees (...)
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  43. Ilkka Virtanen (2011). Representation of the Body as a Basis of Personal Knowledge: A Neuro-Sychological Perspective on Polanyi's Subjective Dimension of Knowing. Appraisal 8 (3).
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  44. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1982). On Explicating Verisimilitude: A Reply to Oddie. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 33 (3):290-296.
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  45. I. Niiniluoto (1998). Survey Article. Verisimilitude: The Third Period. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):1-29.
    The modern history of verisimilitude can be divided into three periods. The first began in 1960, when Karl Popper proposed his qualitative definition of what it is for one theory to be more truthlike than another theory, and lasted until 1974, when David Miller and Pavel Trichý published their refutation of Popper's definition. The second period started immediately with the attempt to explicate truthlikeness by means of relations of similarity or resemblance between states of affairs (or their linguistic representations); the (...)
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  46.  15
    Heinrich Wansing (forthcoming). Remarks on the Logic of Imagination. A Step Towards Understanding Doxastic Control Through Imagination. Synthese:1-19.
    Imagination has recently attracted considerable attention from epistemologists and is recognized as a source of belief and even knowledge. One remarkable feature of imagination is that it is often and typically agentive: agents decide to imagine. In cases in which imagination results in a belief, the agentiveness of imagination may be taken to give rise to indirect doxastic control and epistemic responsibility. This observation calls for a proper understanding of agentive imagination. In particular, it calls for the development of a (...)
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  47.  13
    Ilkka Niiniluoto (forthcoming). Optimistic Realism About Scientific Progress. Synthese:1-19.
    Scientific realists use the “no miracle argument” to show that the empirical and pragmatic success of science is an indicator of the ability of scientific theories to give true or truthlike representations of unobservable reality. While antirealists define scientific progress in terms of empirical success or practical problem-solving, realists characterize progress by using some truth-related criteria. This paper defends the definition of scientific progress as increasing truthlikeness or verisimilitude. Antirealists have tried to rebut realism with the “pessimistic metainduction”, but critical (...)
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  48. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1991). Goldstick and O'Neill on "Truer Than". Philosophy of Science 58 (3):491-495.
    In a recent article, Goldstick and O'Neill propose a definition for the comparative "truer than" relation between rival propositions. This definition is studied here in a context where the concept of "convexity" is well defined for propositions. It turns out that the Goldstick-O'Neill definition gives a reasonable but very restricted sufficient condition for the "truer than" relation, but fails as a necessary condition.
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  49.  33
    Ilkka Niiniluoto (2007). Idealization, Counterfactuals, and Truthlikeness. In Jerzy Brzeziński, Andrzej Klawiter, Theo A. F. Kuipers, Krzysztof Łastowski, Katarzyna Paprzycka & Piotr Przybysz (eds.), The Courage of Doing Philosophy: Essays Dedicated to Leszek Nowak. Rodopi 103--122.
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  50.  70
    Ilkka Niiniluoto (1994). Hintikka and Whewell on Aristotelian Induction. Grazer Philosophische Studien 49:49-61.
    According to the standard interpretation, Aristotle has two accounts of induction (epagoge): intuitive induction (which is not an inference) and complete induction (which is not a kind of non-demonstrative inference). Hintikka has challenged the usual interpretation of Aristotle's "official account" in Analytica Priora II, 23. In this paper, Hintikka's view is compared with a similar, but in some respects perhaps even more plausible, interpretation that William Whewell gave already in 1850. Both Hintikka and Whewell argue convincingly that Aristotelean induction is (...)
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