Search results for 'Ilkka Pyysia¨Inen' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ilkka Pyysia¨Inen (2003). True Fiction: Philosophy and Psychology of Religious Belief. Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):109-125.score: 87.0
    The phenomenon of religious belief has been much discussed in philosophy of religion. However, a priori argumentation alone cannot establish what religious belief is like as a psychological attitude. Recent advances in the cognitive science of religion have paved the way for a new, naturalized philosophy of religion. Taking into account the relevant results and hypotheses presented within these disciplines, it is possible to develop a more empirically informed philosophy of religious belief. Instead of asking whether believing is rational, it (...)
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  2. Pyysiainen Ilkka (2006). Does Meditation Swamp Working Memory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (6).score: 30.0
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  3. Pyysiainen Ilkka (2006). No Evidence of a Specific Adaptation. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (5):484.score: 30.0
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  4. David Pearce (1987). Critical Realism in Progress: Reflections on Ilkka Niiniluoto's Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 27 (2):147 - 171.score: 9.0
  5. Thomas Mormann (forthcoming). Ilkka Niiniluoto, Sami Pihlström (Eds.), Reappraisals of Eino Kaila's Philosophy. [REVIEW] Vienna Circle Institute Yearbook.score: 9.0
  6. Theo A. F. Kuipers (2005). Qualitative and Quantitative Inference to the Best Theory: Reply to Ilkka Niiniluoto. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):276-280.score: 9.0
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  7. Ioannis Votsis (2003). Book Review of Ilkka Niiniluoto, Critical Scientific Realism, Oxford: Oxford University Press. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 70 (2):444-447.score: 9.0
    This is certainly true. Simulationists and experimentalists face equally relevant challenges when it comes to establishing that the results of their simulation or experiment are informative about the real world. But it is one thing to point this fact out, and it is another to understand how those challenges are overcome, under differing circumstances, and in varying contexts. It is here that Marcel Boumans’ contribution becomes especially valuable. He presents an example from economics in which a mathematical model performs the (...)
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  8. Jarrett Leplin (1985). Book Review:Is Science Progressive? Ilkka Niiniluoto. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 52 (4):646-.score: 9.0
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  9. C. R. (1997). Ilkka Pyysiäinen. Belief and Beyond: Religious Categorization of Reality. Pp. 177. (Abo Academis Tryckeri (Religionsvetenskapliga Skrifter Nr 33), 1996.). [REVIEW] Religious Studies 33 (2):239-241.score: 9.0
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  10. P. Beltrán Orenes (1999). Análisis del concepto de progreso matemático en Ilkka Niiniluoto. Contrastes 4:9-23.score: 9.0
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  11. Akira Nakamura (1969). Review: Seppo Ilkka, A New Arithmetization for Finitely Many-Valued Propositional Calculi. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 34 (2):304-304.score: 9.0
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  12. R. C. B. (1997). Ilkka Pyysiäinen. Belief and Beyond: Religious Categorization of Reality. Pp. 177. (Abo Academis Tryckeri (Religionsvetenskapliga Skrifter Nr 33), 1996.). [REVIEW] Religious Studies 33 (2):239-241.score: 9.0
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  13. Sirkku K. Hellsten (2005). Leila Haaparanta and Ilkka Niiniluoto, Eds., Analytic Philosophy in Finland Reviewed By. Philosophy in Review 25 (2):111-113.score: 9.0
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  14. Chʻang-ho Kim (ed.) (2005). Chilli Chʻŏngbaji: Nae Ka Anŭn Kŏt I Chilli Ilkka? Ungjin Chisik Hausŭ.score: 9.0
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  15. Chʻang-ho Kim (ed.) (2005). Haengbok Chʻŏngbaji: 'Chŭlgŏun' Sam I 'Choŭn' Sam Ilkka. Ungjin Chisik Hausŭ.score: 9.0
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  16. Pilar Beltrán Orenes (1999). Análisis Del Concepto de Progreso Matemático En Ilkka Niiniluoto. Contrastes: Revista Internacional de Filosofía 4:9-23.score: 9.0
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  17. David Pearce (1989). Review: Ilkka Niiniluoto, Truthlikeness. [REVIEW] Journal of Symbolic Logic 54 (1):297-300.score: 9.0
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  18. Sami Pihlström, Panu Raatikainen & Matti Sintonen (eds.) (2007). Approaching Truth: Essays in Honour of Ilkka Niiniluoto. College Publications.score: 9.0
     
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  19. I. Carnap'S. Early Work (2003). Ilkka Niiniluoto Carnap on Truth. In Thomas Bonk (ed.), Language, Truth and Knowledge. Kluwer. 2--1.score: 9.0
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  20. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1998). Verisimilitude: The Third Period. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):1-29.score: 6.0
    The modern history of verisimilitude can be divided into three periods. The first began in 1960, when Karl Popper proposed his qualitative definition of what it is for one theory to be more truthlike than another theory, and lasted until 1974, when David Miller and Pavel Trich published their refutation of Popper's definition. The second period started immediately with the attempt to explicate truthlikeness by means of relations of similarity or resemblance between states of affairs (or their linguistic representations); the (...)
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  21. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1999). Critical Scientific Realism. Oxford University Press.score: 6.0
    This book comes to the rescue of scientific realism, showing that reports of its death have been greatly exaggerated. Philosophical realism holds that the aim of a particular discourse is to make true statements about its subject matter. Ilkka Niiniluoto surveys different kinds of realism in various areas of philosophy and then sets out his own critical realist philosophy of science.
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  22. Ilkka Niiniluoto (2011). From Dynamic Disbeliefs to Causality and Chance. Metascience 20 (3):549-552.score: 6.0
    From dynamic disbeliefs to causality and chance Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9478-0 Authors Ilkka Niiniluoto, Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, 00014 Finland Journal Metascience Online ISSN 1467-9981 Print ISSN 0815-0796.
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  23. Luca Tambolo (2014). Pliability and Resistance: Feyerabendian Insights Into Sophisticated Realism. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 4 (2):197-213.score: 6.0
    In this paper we focus on two claims, put forward by Feyerabend in his later writings (especially in Conquest of Abundance, 1999a), which constitute the metaphysical core of his view of scientific inquiry. The first, that we call the pliability thesis, is the claim that the world can be described by indefinitely many conceptual systems, none of them enjoying a privileged status. The second, that we call the resistance thesis, is the claim that the pliability of the world is limited, (...)
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  24. Ilkka Niiniluoto (2005). Abduction and Truthlikeness. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 83 (1):255-275.score: 3.0
    This paper studies the interplay between two notions which are important for the project of defending scientific realism: abduction and truthlikeness. The main focus is the generalization of abduction to cases where the conclusion states that the best theory is truthlike or approximately true. After reconstructing the recent proposals of Theo Kuipers within the framework of monadic predicate logic, I apply my own notion of truthlikeness. It turns out that a theory with higher truthlikeness does not always have greater empirical (...)
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  25. Gustavo Cevolani & Luca Tambolo (2013). Progress as Approximation to the Truth: A Defence of the Verisimilitudinarian Approach. Erkenntnis 78 (4):921-935.score: 3.0
    In this paper we provide a compact presentation of the verisimilitudinarian approach to scientific progress (VS, for short) and defend it against the sustained attack recently mounted by Alexander Bird (2007). Advocated by such authors as Ilkka Niiniluoto and Theo Kuipers, VS is the view that progress can be explained in terms of the increasing verisimilitude (or, equivalently, truthlikeness, or approximation to the truth) of scientific theories. According to Bird, VS overlooks the central issue of the appropriate grounding of (...)
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  26. I. Niiniluoto (1998). Survey Article. Verisimilitude: The Third Period. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):1-29.score: 3.0
    The modern history of verisimilitude can be divided into three periods. The first began in 1960, when Karl Popper proposed his qualitative definition of what it is for one theory to be more truthlike than another theory, and lasted until 1974, when David Miller and Pavel Trichý published their refutation of Popper's definition. The second period started immediately with the attempt to explicate truthlikeness by means of relations of similarity or resemblance between states of affairs (or their linguistic representations); the (...)
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  27. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1978). Dretske on Laws of Nature. Philosophy of Science 45 (3):431-439.score: 3.0
  28. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1991). Realism, Relativism, and Constructivism. Synthese 89 (1):135 - 162.score: 3.0
    This paper gives a critical evaluation of the philosophical presuppositions and implications of two current schools in the sociology of knowledge: the Strong Programme of Bloor and Barnes; and the Constructivism of Latour and Knorr-Cetina. Bloor's arguments for his externalist symmetry thesis (i.e., scientific beliefs must always be explained by social factors) are found to be incoherent or inconclusive. At best, they suggest a Weak Programme of the sociology of science: when theoretical preferences in a scientific community, SC, are first (...)
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  29. Ilkka Arminen (2008). Scientific and "Radical" Ethnomethodology: From Incompatible Paradigms to Ethnomethodological Sociology. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 38 (2):167-191.score: 3.0
    Ethnomethodology has been torn between scientific and "radical" aspirations insofar as it moves discoursive practices from resources to the topic of the study. Scientific ethnomethodology, such as conversation analysis, studies discoursive praxis as its topic and resource. Standard scientific criteria are accepted to assess the merits of its findings. "Radical" ethnomethodology addresses mundane reasoning exclusively as its topic without recourse to standardized science. I will show that insofar as "radical" ethnomethodology succeeds in bracketing everyday resources, it loses its phenomenon with (...)
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  30. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1999). Defending Abduction. Philosophy of Science 66 (3):451.score: 3.0
    Charles S. Peirce argued that, besides deduction and induction, there is a third mode of inference which he called "hypothesis" or "abduction." He characterized abduction as reasoning "from effect to cause," and as "the operation of adopting an explanatory hypothesis." Peirce's ideas about abduction, which are related also to historically earlier accounts of heuristic reasoning (the method of analysis), have been seen as providing a logic of scientific discovery. Alternatively, abduction is interpreted as giving reasons for pursuing a hypothesis. Inference (...)
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  31. Ilkka Niiniluoto, Scientific Progress. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.score: 3.0
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  32. Ilkka Niiniluoto (2007). Abduction and Scientific Realism. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 12:137-142.score: 3.0
    Many scientific realists think that the best reasons for scientific theories are abductive, i.e., must appeal to what is also called inference to the best explanation (IBE), while some anti-realists have argued that the use of abduction in defending realism is question-begging, circular, or incoherent. This paper studies the idea that abductive inference can be reformulated by taking its conclusion to concern the truthlikeness of a hypothetical theory on the basis of its success in explanation and prediction. The strength of (...)
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  33. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1980). Scientific Progress. Synthese 45 (3):427 - 462.score: 3.0
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  34. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1994). Truthlikeness Misapplied: A Reply to Ernest W. Adams. Synthese 101 (2):291 - 300.score: 3.0
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  35. Thomas Bonk (ed.) (2003). Language, Truth, and Knowledge: Contributions to the Philosophy of Rudolf Carnap. Kluwer Academic Publishers.score: 3.0
    This collection, with essays by Graham H. Bird, Jaakko Hintikka, Ilkka Niiniluoto, Jan Wolenski, will interest graduate students of the philosophy of language and logic, as well as professional philosophers, historians of analytic philosophy, and philosophically inclined logicians. Language, Truth and Knowledge brings together 11 new essays that offer a wealth of insights on a number of Carnap's concerns and ideas. The volume arose out of a symposium on Carnap's work at an international conference held in Vienna in 2001. (...)
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  36. Uskali Mäki (2008). Putnam's Realisms: A View From the Social Sciences. In Sami Pihlström, Panu Raatikainen & Matti Sintonen (eds.), Approaching Truth: Essays in Honour of Ilkka Niiniluoto. College Publications.score: 3.0
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  37. Ilkka Pyysiäinen (2003). True Fiction: Philosophy and Psychology of Religious Belief. Philosophical Psychology 16 (1):109 – 125.score: 3.0
    The phenomenon of religious belief has been much discussed in philosophy of religion. However, a priori argumentation alone cannot establish what religious belief is like as a psychological attitude. Recent advances in the cognitive science of religion have paved the way for a new, naturalized philosophy of religion. Taking into account the relevant results and hypotheses presented within these disciplines, it is possible to develop a more empirically informed philosophy of religious belief. Instead of asking whether believing is rational, it (...)
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  38. Ilkka Niiniluoto (2011). Revising Beliefs Towards the Truth. Erkenntnis 75 (2):165-181.score: 3.0
    Belief revision (BR) and truthlikeness (TL) emerged independently as two research programmes in formal methodology in the 1970s. A natural way of connecting BR and TL is to ask under what conditions the revision of a belief system by new input information leads the system towards the truth. It turns out that, for the AGM model of belief revision, the only safe case is the expansion of true beliefs by true input, but this is not very interesting or realistic as (...)
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  39. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1993). The Aim and Structure of Applied Research. Erkenntnis 38 (1):1 - 21.score: 3.0
    The distinction between basic and applied research is notoriously vague, despite its frequent use in science studies and in science policy. In most cases it is based on such pragmatic factors as the knowledge and intentions of the investigator or the type of research institute. Sometimes the validity of the distinction is denied altogether. This paper suggests that there are two ways of distinguishing systematically between basic and applied research: (i) in terms of the utilities that define the aims of (...)
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  40. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1986). Truthlikeness and Bayesian Estimation. Synthese 67 (2):321 - 346.score: 3.0
  41. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1978). Truthlikeness: Comments on Recent Discussion. Synthese 38 (2):281 - 329.score: 3.0
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  42. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1997). Reference Invariance and Truthlikeness. Philosophy of Science 64 (4):546-554.score: 3.0
    A holistic account of the meaning of theoretical terms leads scientific realism into serious troubles. Alternative methods of reference fixing are needed by a realist who wishes to show how reference invariance is possible in spite of meaning variance. This paper argues that the similarity theory of truthlikeness and approximate truth, developed by logicians since the mid 1970s, helps to make precise the idea of charitable theoretical reference. Comparisons to the recent proposals by Kitcher and Psillos are given. This argument (...)
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  43. Ilkka Niiniluoto (2001). From Instrumentalism to Constructive Realism: On Some Relations Between Confirmation, Empirical Progress, and Truth Approximation. Theo A. F. Kuipers. [REVIEW] Mind 110 (439):774-777.score: 3.0
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  44. Rein Vihalemm (2013). Practical Realism: Against Standard Scientific Realism and Anti-Realism. Studia Philosophica Estonica 5 (2):7-22.score: 3.0
    In this paper, the elaboration of the concept of practical realist philosophy of science which began in the author's previous papers is continued. It is argued that practical realism is opposed to standard scientific realism, on the one hand, and antirealism, on the other. Standard scientific realism is challengeable due to its abstract character, as being isolated from practice. It is based on a metaphysical-ontological presupposition which raises the problem of the God's Eye point of view (as it was called (...)
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  45. Ilkka Niiniluoto (2004). Tarski's Definition and Truth-Makers. Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 126 (1-3):57-76.score: 3.0
    A hallmark of correspondence theories of truth is the principle that sentences are made true by some truth-makers. A well-known objection to treating Tarski’s definition of truth as a correspondence theory has been put forward by Donald Davidson. He argued that Tarski’s approach does not relate sentences to any entities (like facts) to which true sentences might correspond. From the historical viewpoint, it is interesting to observe that Tarski’s philosophical teacher Tadeusz Kotarbinski advocated an ontological doctrine of reism which accepted (...)
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  46. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1994). Hintikka and Whewell on Aristotelian Induction. Grazer Philosophische Studien 49:49-61.score: 3.0
    According to the standard interpretation, Aristotle has two accounts of induction (epagoge): intuitive induction (which is not an inference) and complete induction (which is not a kind of non-demonstrative inference). Hintikka has challenged the usual interpretation of Aristotle's "official account" in Analytica Priora II, 23. In this paper, Hintikka's view is compared with a similar, but in some respects perhaps even more plausible, interpretation that William Whewell gave already in 1850. Both Hintikka and Whewell argue convincingly that Aristotelean induction is (...)
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  47. Ilkka Niiniluoto (1981). Analogy and Inductive Logic. Erkenntnis 16 (1):1 - 34.score: 3.0
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  48. John Bacon, Alan R. White, M. Glouberman, Lawrence H. Davis, Gershon Weiler, Michael Ruse, Jeffrey Bub, Ilkka Niiniluoto, Yehuda Melzer, Zeev Levy, S. Biderman, Joseph Raz & Irwin C. Lieb (1975). Book Reviews. [REVIEW] Philosophia 5 (3):319-384.score: 3.0
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  49. Ilkka Niiniluoto, Matti Sintonen & Jan Wolenski (eds.) (2004). Handbook of Epistemology. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Pub.score: 3.0
    The twenty-eight essays in this Handbook, all by leading experts in the field, provide the most extensive treatment of various epistemological problems, ...
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  50. Ilkka Niiniluoto (2003). Philosophy in Finland—the Cultural Setting. Poznan Studies in the Philosophy of the Sciences and the Humanities 80 (1):11-41.score: 3.0
    Finland is internationally known as one of the leading centers of twentieth century analytic philosophy. This volume offers for the first time an overall survey of the Finnish analytic school. The rise of this trend is illustrated by original articles of Edward Westermarck, Eino Kaila, Georg Henrik von Wright, and Jaakko Hintikka. Contributions of Finnish philosophers are then systematically discussed in the fields of logic, philosophy of language, philosophy of science, history of philosophy, ethics and social philosophy. Metaphilosophical reflections on (...)
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