Search results for 'Ilyas Cicekli' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Ayse P. Saygin, Ilyas Cicekli & Varol Akman (2000). Turing Test: 50 Years Later. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 10 (4):463-518.score: 240.0
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  2. Ayse Pinar Saygin, Ilyas Cicekli & Varol Akman (2000). Turing Test: 50 Years Later. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 10 (4):463-518.score: 240.0
    The Turing Test is one of the most disputed topics in artificial intelligence, philosophy of mind, and cognitive science. This paper is a review of the past 50 years of the Turing Test. Philosophical debates, practical developments and repercussions in related disciplines are all covered. We discuss Turing's ideas in detail and present the important comments that have been made on them. Within this context, behaviorism, consciousness, the `other minds' problem, and similar topics in philosophy of mind are discussed. We (...)
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  3. A. P. Saygin & I. Cicekli (2000). Turing Test: 50 Years Later. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 10 (4):463-518.score: 30.0
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  4. Muhammad Ilyas, Mukhtar Alam, Habib Ahmad & Sajid Ul-Ghafoor (2009). Abortion and Protection of the Human Fetus: Religious and Legal Problems in Pakistan. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 15 (2):55.score: 30.0
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  5. Ave Mets & Piret Kuusk (2009). The Constructive Realist Account of Science and its Application to Ilya Prigogine's Conception of Laws of Nature. Foundations of Science 14 (3):239-248.score: 8.0
    Sciences are often regarded as providing the best, or, ideally, exact, knowledge of the world, especially in providing laws of nature. Ilya Prigogine, who was awarded the Nobel Prize for his theory of non-equilibrium chemical processes—this being also an important attempt to bridge the gap between exact and non-exact sciences [mentioned in the Presentation Speech by Professor Stig Claesson (nobelprize.org, The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1977)]—has had this ideal in mind when trying to formulate a new kind of science. Philosophers (...)
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  6. Joseph E. Earley (2006). Some Philosophical Influences on Ilya Prigogine's Statistical Mechanics. Foundations of Chemistry 8 (3):271-283.score: 6.0
    During a long and distinguished career, Belgian physical chemist Ilya Prigogine (1917–2003) pursued a coherent research program in thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, and related scientific areas. The main goal of this effort was establishing the origin of thermodynamic irreversibility (the ‘‘arrow of time’’) as local (residing in the details of the interaction of interest), rather than as global (being solely a consequence of properties of the initial singularity – the ‘‘Big Bang’’). In many publications for general audiences, he stated the opinion (...)
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  7. Charles Smith (2005). Meeting a World in Crisis: On Unlearning, Fresh Perception and Alignment with Life's Fundamental Trend: A Tribute to C. West Churchman, Pir Vilayat Khan, and Ilya Prigogine. World Futures 61 (8):600 – 610.score: 6.0
    This article offers a synthesis of certain essential contributions from three revolutionary thinkers of our age, C. West Churchman, Pir Vilayat Khan, and Ilya Prigogine, each of whom recently departed this life. In the course of this article, common threads in the work of these pioneers related to problem solving and creativity will be explored.
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  8. Carlos Zuppa (2003). Ilya Prigogine: ¿Nueva Alianza o Nueva Religión? Cinta de Moebio 18.score: 6.0
    Según cierto sector de la posteoría, Ilya Prigogine habría creado una nueva alianza con la naturaleza bajo el signo de una conjunción de ciencia y filosofía, donde los estudios sobre la irreversibilidad, las estructuras disipativas y las estructuras auto-organizativas juegan un rol preponderante ..
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  9. Karl Gustafson (2003). Professor Ilya Prigogine: January 25, 1917 -- May 28, 2003 a Personal and Scientific Remembrance. Mind and Matter 1 (1):9-13.score: 6.0
    Professor Ilya Prigogine (January 25, 1917 -- May 28, 2003), Nobel Laureate 1977 in chemistry, was one of the great visionaries of our time. Not content to rest on his laurels, he continued hard technical scientific publication, often with junior colleagues, for 25 years after the Nobel Prize was awarded to him. His fields of work included non-equilibrium thermodynamics, the emergence of dissipative structures and complex behavior, and the foundations of the arrow of time in natural science. He directed two (...)
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  10. Rush González (2008). El Fenómeno de la Evolución de la Ciencia En Ilya Prigogine y Eduardo Nicol. Cinta de Moebio 31:38-52.score: 6.0
    This text has as a purpose the realization of a comparative analysis between two points view about the history of science. Ilya Prigogine (Nobel Prize 1977) and Eduardo Nicol (Mexican-Spanish philosopher) discuss about time and history of science, allowing us to find a coincidence between physics an..
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  11. Joseph E. Earley Sr (2006). Some Philosophical Influences on Ilya Prigogine's Statistical Mechanics. Foundations of Chemistry 8 (3):271-283.score: 6.0
    During a long and distinguished career, Belgian physical chemist Ilya Prigogine (1917–2003) pursued a coherent research program in thermodynamics, statistical mechanics, and related scientific areas. The main goal of this effort was establishing the origin of thermodynamic irreversibility (the ‘‘arrow of time’’) as local (residing in the details of the interaction of interest), rather than as global (being solely a consequence of properties of the initial singularity – the ‘‘Big Bang’’). In many publications for general audiences, he stated the opinion (...)
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  12. G. Nicolis, L. E. Reichl & A. Van der Merwe (1987). For Ilya Prigogine on His Seventieth Birthday. Foundations of Physics 17 (5):459-460.score: 5.0
  13. Leo Näpinen & Peeter Müürsepp (2002). The Concept of Chaos in Contemporary Science: On Jean Bricmont's Critique of Ilya Prigogine's Ideas. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 7 (4):465-479.score: 5.0
    Nonclarity around the understandingof the concept of chaos has caused someconfusion in the contemporary natural science.For instance, not making a clear distinctionbetween the deterministic and quantum chaos hasmade it impossible to evaluate the approach ofIlya Prigogine in an appropriate way. It isshown that Jean Bricmont has missed the targetin his critique of I. Prigogine's ideas, as thelatter has concentrated his interest on systemsconsisting of infinite (arbitrarily large)number of particles in incessant mutualimpact, the former on systems that have afinite (not necessarily (...)
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  14. Svetlana Boym (1998). On Diasporic Intimacy: Ilya Kabakov's Installations and Immigrant Homes. Critical Inquiry 24 (2):498.score: 5.0
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  15. Cliff Hooker (1984). Book Review:From Being to Becoming: Time and Complexity in the Physical Sciences Ilya Prigogine. [REVIEW] Philosophy of Science 51 (2):355-.score: 5.0
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  16. Leo Näpinen (2001). The Problem of the Relationship Between Human and Physical Realities in Ilya Prigogine's Paradigm of Self-Organisation. In. In Rein Vihalemm (ed.), Estonian Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science. Kluwer Academic Publishers. 151--164.score: 5.0
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  17. J. Riley (forthcoming). Isaiah Berlin's "Pelagian Soul": A Reply to Ilya Winham. Political Theory.score: 5.0
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  18. Yvon Gauthier (1992). Entre le temps et l'éternité Ilya Prigogine et Isabelle Stengers Paris, Fayard, 1988, 223 p. Dialogue 31 (02):345-.score: 5.0
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  19. Yvon Gauthier (1996). Ilya Prigogine. La Fin des Certitudes. Odile Jacob, Paris, 1996. Ilya Prigogine. La Fin des Certitudes. Odile Jacob, Paris, 1996. [REVIEW] Horizons Philosophiques 7 (1):129-131.score: 5.0
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  20. Carmen Mataix Loma (2003). Ilya Prigogine: Tan solo una ilusión. A Parte Rei: Revista de Filosofía 28:1.score: 5.0
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  21. Bhuvan Chandel (1992). Rediscovery of Time in Physics: Reflections of Ilya Prigogine. In Jayant Vishnu Narlikar, Indu Banga & Chhanda Gupta (eds.), Philosophy of Science: Perspectives From Natural and Social Sciences. Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers. 40--49.score: 5.0
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  22. Joseph E. Earley Sr (2006). Some Philosophical Influences on Ilya Prigogine's Statistical Mechanics. Foundations of Chemistry 8 (3):271-283.score: 5.0
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  23. Vera Fisogni (2003). Il tempo come principio di sensatezza del cosmo: Intervista a Ilya Prigogine. A Parte Rei: Revista de Filosofía 28:2.score: 5.0
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  24. Yvon Gauthier (1996). Ilya Prigogine. La Fin des Certitudes. Odile Jacob, Paris, 1996. [REVIEW] Horizons Philosophiques 7 (1):129.score: 5.0
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  25. William B. Helmreich (2002). Ilya Ehrenburg & Vasily Grossman. Human Rights Review 3 (3):100-102.score: 5.0
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  26. Antonio Correa Iglesias (2009). El cambio de sentido en la ciencia desde la revolución epistemológica: las implicaciones de la obra de Ilya Prigogine. A Parte Rei: Revista de Filosofía 62:10.score: 5.0
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  27. Michał Tempczyk (1989). Ilya Prigogine i nowy obraz materii. Studia Filozoficzne 289 (12).score: 5.0
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  28. Habib Ahmad Sajid Ul-Ghafoor & Muhammad Ilyas Mukhtar Alam (2010). Abortion and Protection of the Human Fetus: Religious and Legal Problems in Pakistan. Human Reproduction and Genetic Ethics 15 (2):55-59.score: 3.0
    Abortion is the most common and controversial issue in many parts of the world. Approximately 46 million abortions are performed worldwide every year. The world ratio is 26 induced abortions per 100 known pregnancies. Pakistan has an estimated abortion rate of 29 abortions per 1,000 women of reproductive age, despite the procedure being illegal except to save a woman’s life. 890,000 abortions are performed annually in Pakistan. Many government and non-government organizations are working on the issue of abortion. Muslim jurists (...)
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  29. Patricia Balvanera, Ilyas Siddique, Laura Dee, Alain Paquette, Forest Isbell, Andrew Gonzalez, Jarrett Byrnes, Mary I. O'Connor, Bruce A. Hungate & John N. Griffin (forthcoming). Linking Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Current Uncertainties and the Necessary Next Steps. BioScience.score: 3.0
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  30. Mark Olssen (2008). Foucault as Complexity Theorist: Overcoming the Problems of Classical Philosophical Analysis. Educational Philosophy and Theory 40 (1):96–117.score: 2.0
  31. Olimpia Lombardi (2012). Prigogine and the Many Voices of Nature. Foundations of Chemistry 14 (3):205-219.score: 1.0
    Ilya Prigogine was not a systematic author: his ideas, covering a wide arch of areas, are dispersed in his many writings. In particular, his philosophical thought has to be reconstructed mainly on the basis of his works in collaboration with Isabelle Stengers: La Nouvelle Alliance ( 1979 ), Order out of Chaos ( 1984 ), and Entre le Temps et l’Éternité ( 1988 ). In this paper I undertake that reconstruction in order to argue that Prigogine’s position, when read in (...)
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  32. Leo Näpinen (2007). The Need for the Historical Understanding of Nature in Physics and Chemistry. Foundations of Chemistry 9 (1):65-84.score: 1.0
    During the last decades the physico-chemical conception of self-organization of chemical systems has been created. The chemical systems in natural-historical processes do not have any creator: they rise up from irreversible processes by self-organization. The issue of self-organization in physics has led to a new interpretation of the laws of nature. As Ilya Prigogine has shown, they do not express certainties but possibilities and describe a world that must be understood in a historical way. In the new philosophical understanding of (...)
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  33. Carl A. Rubino (2000). The Politics of Certainty: Conceptions of Science in an Age of Uncertainty. Science and Engineering Ethics 6 (4):499-508.score: 1.0
    The prestige of science, derived from its claims to certainty, has adversely affected the humanities. There is, in fact, a “politics of certainty”. Our ability to predict events in a limited sphere has been idealized, engendering dangerous illusions about our power to control nature and eliminate time. In addition, the perception and propagation of science as a bearer of certainty has served to legitimate harmful forms of social, sexual, and political power. Yet, as Ilya Prigogine has argued, renewed attention to (...)
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  34. P. Glansdorff (1987). Irreversibility in Macroscopic Physics: From Carnot Cycle to Dissipative Structures. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 17 (7):653-666.score: 1.0
    The conceptual foundations of the modern thermodynamic theory related to a large category of far-from-equilibrium phenomena are outlined, and the historical continuity with early developments based on the impossibility of perpetual motion is discussed.In this perspective the discovery of thermodynamic stability criteria around steady or periodic processes, together with a general evolution criterion that is valid in the non-linear region (and thus implying creation of order and applicability to living systems), appears as a most remarkable development indeed. The leading role (...)
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  35. Ilya B. Farber (2005). How a Neural Correlate Can Function as an Explanation of Consciousness: Evidence From the History of Science Regarding the Likely Explanatory Value of the NCC Approach. Journal of Consciousness Studies 12 (4-5):77-95.score: 1.0
    A frequent criticism of the neuroscientific approach to consciousness is that its theories describe only 'correlates' or 'analogues' of consciousness, and so fail to address the nature of consciousness itself. Despite its apparent logical simplicity, this criticism in fact relies on some substantive assumptions about the nature and evolution of scientific explanations. In particular, it is usually assumed that, in expressing correlations, neural correlate of consciousness (NCC) theories must fail to capture the causal structure relating brain and mind. Drawing on (...)
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  36. Robert Nadeau, Spontaneous Order.score: 1.0
    The concept of spontaneous order is an important framework in many fields of research in the natural and social sciences today, and it bears heavily on methodological problems related to economics in particular. In fact, all domains of scientific and philosophical research where it can be maintained intelligibly that an undesigned but nevertheless effective order has emerged solely through the interaction of the constituent parts of a given system and also through the interaction of this system as a whole with (...)
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  37. Ilya Somin (1998). Voter Ignorance and the Democratic Ideal. Critical Review 12 (4):413-458.score: 1.0
    Abstract If voters do not understand the programs of rival candidates or their likely consequences, they cannot rationally exercise control over government. An ignorant electorate cannot achieve true democratic control over public policy. The immense size and scope of modern government makes it virtually impossible for voters to acquire sufficient knowledge to exercise such control. The problem is exacerbated by voters? strong incentive to be ?rationally ignorant? of politics. This danger to democracy cannot readily be circumvented through ?shortcut? methods of (...)
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  38. Huw Price, No Direction Known.score: 1.0
    Can physics explain the difference between past and future? The laws of physics seem to be time-symmetric. If they allow a process with one temporal orientation, they allow it in reverse. Yet many ordinary pro– cesses seem to be irreversible. Ilya Prigogine calls this the time paradox, and argues that the solution lies in chaos theory, and related methods pioneered by himself and his Brussells colleagues—a radical alternative, he thinks, to a tradition dating from Boltzmann.
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  39. Robert B. Talisse (2004). Does Public Ignorance Defeat Deliberative Democracy? Critical Review 16 (4):455-463.score: 1.0
    Abstract Richard Posner and Ilya Somin have recently posed forceful versions of a common objection to deliberative democracy, the Public Ignorance Objection. This objection holds that demonstrably high levels of public ignorance render deliberative democracy practically impossible. But the public?ignorance data show that the public is ignorant in a way that does not necessarily defeat deliberative democracy. Posner and Somin have overestimated the force of the Public Ignorance Objection, so the question of deliberative democracy's practical feasibility is still open.
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  40. Harald Atmanspacher, Brussels-Austin Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics: Large Poincar´E Systems and Rigged Hilbert Space.score: 1.0
    The fundamental problem on which Ilya Prigogine and the Brussels- Austin Group have focused can be stated briefly as follows. Our observations indicate that there is an arrow of time in our experience of the world (e.g., decay of unstable radioactive atoms like Uranium, or the mixing of cream in coffee). Most of the fundamental equations of physics are time reversible, however, presenting an apparent conflict between our theoretical descriptions and experimental observations. Many have thought that the observed arrow of (...)
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  41. David A. Ralston, Carolyn P. Egri, Emmanuelle Reynaud, Narasimhan Srinivasan, Olivier Furrer, David Brock, Ruth Alas, Florian Wangenheim, Fidel León Darder, Christine Kuo, Vojko Potocan, Audra I. Mockaitis, Erna Szabo, Jaime Ruiz Gutiérrez, Andre Pekerti, Arif Butt, Ian Palmer, Irina Naoumova, Tomasz Lenartowicz, Arunas Starkus, Vu Thanh Hung, Tevfik Dalgic, Mario Molteni, María Teresa Garza Carranza, Isabelle Maignan, Francisco B. Castro, Yong-Lin Moon, Jane Terpstra-Tong, Marina Dabic, Yongjuan Li, Wade Danis, Maria Kangasniemi, Mahfooz Ansari, Liesl Riddle, Laurie Milton, Philip Hallinger, Detelin Elenkov, Ilya Girson, Modesta Gelbuda, Prem Ramburuth, Tania Casado, Ana Maria Rossi, Malika Richards, Cheryl Deusen, Ping-Ping Fu, Paulina Man Kei Wan, Moureen Tang, Chay-Hoon Lee, Ho-Beng Chia, Yongquin Fan & Alan Wallace (2011). A Twenty-First Century Assessment of Values Across the Global Workforce. Journal of Business Ethics 104 (1):1-31.score: 1.0
    This article provides current Schwartz Values Survey (SVS) data from samples of business managers and professionals across 50 societies that are culturally and socioeconomically diverse. We report the society scores for SVS values dimensions for both individual- and societal-level analyses. At the individual-level, we report on the ten circumplex values sub-dimensions and two sets of values dimensions (collectivism and individualism; openness to change, conservation, self-enhancement, and self-transcendence). At the societal-level, we report on the values dimensions of embeddedness, hierarchy, mastery, affective (...)
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  42. Stuart Kauffman, Robert K. Logan, Robert Este, Randy Goebel, David Hobill & Ilya Shmulevich (2008). Propagating Organization: An Enquiry. Biology and Philosophy 23 (1):27-45.score: 1.0
    Our aim in this article is to attempt to discuss propagating organization of process, a poorly articulated union of matter, energy, work, constraints and that vexed concept, “information”, which unite in far from equilibrium living physical systems. Our hope is to stimulate discussions by philosophers of biology and biologists to further clarify the concepts we discuss here. We place our discussion in the broad context of a “general biology”, properties that might well be found in life anywhere in the cosmos, (...)
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  43. Ilya Bernstein (2008). Temporal Registers in the Realist Novel. Philosophy and Literature 32 (1):pp. 173-182.score: 1.0
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  44. Various (2006). Peer Commentary: Response to de Quincey. Journal of Consciousness Studies 13 (4):13-36.score: 1.0
    Short commentaries on Christian de Quincey' paper by Michael Beaton, Jonathan Bricklin, Louis Charland, Jonathan Edwards, Ilya Farber, Bill Faw, Rocco Gennaro, Christian Kaernbach, Chris Nunn, Jaak Panksepp, Jesse Prinz, Matthew Ratcliffe, J. Andrew Ross, Murray Shanahan, Henry Stapp, Douglas Watt.
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  45. Ilya Prigogine (1994). Science, Reason and Passion. World Futures 40 (1):35-43.score: 1.0
    The role of passion and more generally irrational elements in processing knowledge are discussed. This seems to be a paradox, as science by definition is beyond passion. At the same time science is the expression of a culture. This paradox is examined through the experience and work of crucial figures in physics such as Newton and Einstein. Science is a dialogue between man and nature: part of the search for the transcendental which is common to many cultural activities: art, music, (...)
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  46. Ilya Somin (2009). Democracy and Political Knowledge in Ancient Athens. Ethics 119 (3):585-590.score: 1.0
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  47. Lawrence A. Lengbeyer (2005). Selflessness & Cognition. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (4):411 - 435.score: 1.0
    What are the cognitive mechanisms that underlie selfless conduct, both ‘thinking’ and unthinking? We first consider deliberate selflessness, a manner of selecting acts in which, in evaluating options, one expressly chooses not to weigh the potential consequences for oneself (though this formulation is seen as needing some qualification). We then turn to unthinking behavior in general, and whether we are responsible for it, as the foundation for analyzing the unthinking variety of selflessness. Using illustrative cases (Grenade Gallantry, The Well-Meaning Miner, (...)
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  48. Ilya Prigogine (1984). The Rediscovery of Time. Zygon 19 (4):433-447.score: 1.0
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  49. Huw Price (1997). Time's Arrow and Archimedes' Point: New Directions for the Physics of Time. OUP USA.score: 1.0
    `splendidly provocative ... enjoy it as a feast for the imagination.' John Gribbin, Sunday Times -/- Why is the future so different from the past? Why does the past affect the future and not the other way round? The universe began with the Big Bang - will it end with a 'Big Crunch'? This exciting book presents an innovative and controversial view of time and contemporary physics. Price urges physicists, philosophers, and anyone who has ever pondered the paradoxes of time (...)
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  50. Ilya Prigogine, Dissipative Structures.score: 1.0
    But to explain. Dissipation inspires the wrath of the moralist and the envy of most others; for the physicist, however, it is merely faintly depressing. We call something dissipative if it looses energy to waste-heat. (Technically: if volume in the phase space is not conserved.) The famous Second Law of Thermodynamics amounts to saying that, if something is isolated from the rest of the world, it will dissipate all the free energy it has. Equivalently, it maximizes its entropy. Thermal equilibrium (...)
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