Search results for 'Impression' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Yei-Yi Chen & WenChang Fang (2008). The Moderating Effect of Impression Management on the Organizational Politics–Performance Relationship. Journal of Business Ethics 79 (3):263 - 277.score: 18.0
    This study investigates the complexities in the relationship between perceptions of organizational politics and performance ratings by examining the moderating effect of impression management on that relationship. Expectancy theory was employed to better understand the moderating effect. We proposed that two kinds of impression management tactics occurred: supervisor-focused and job-focused, respectively. It was hypothesized that increased exercise of impression management would mitigate the negative effects of perceptions of organizational politics and performance ratings. Data were collected from 290 (...)
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  2. Val Singh, Savita Kumra & Susan Vinnicombe (2002). Gender and Impression Management: Playing the Promotion Game. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 37 (1):77 - 89.score: 18.0
    Little attention has been paid to the role which impression management (IM) of genuine and substantial talents and commitment plays in the careers of female and male managers seeking promotion. IM studies have largely investigated the supervisor/subordinate relationship, often with samples of business students in laboratory settings. In the Cranfield Centre for Developing Women Business Leaders, we have focused on the use of IM by practising managers. In this paper, we examine previous literature for indications that gender may be (...)
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  3. John R. Carlson, Dawn S. Carlson & Merideth Ferguson (2011). Deceptive Impression Management: Does Deception Pay in Established Workplace Relationships? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 100 (3):497 - 514.score: 18.0
    We examine deceptive impression management's effect on a supervisor's ratings of promotability and relationship quality (i.e., leader-member exchange) via the mediating role of the supervisor's recognition of deception. Extending ego depletion theory using social information processing theory, we argue that deceptive impression management in a supervisor-subordinate relationship is difficult to accomplish and the degree that deception is detected will negatively impact desired outcomes. Data collected from a matched sample of 171 public sector employees and their supervisors supported this (...)
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  4. Lorenzo Patelli & Matteo Pedrini (2013). Is the Optimism in CEO's Letters to Shareholders Sincere? Impression Management Versus Communicative Action During the Economic Crisis. Journal of Business Ethics:1-16.score: 18.0
    In this study, we explore the sincerity of the rhetorical tone of 664 annual letters to shareholders (CEO letters). Prior studies adopt Impression Management theory to predict that firms obfuscate failures and emphasize successes to unfairly enhance their image and maintain organizational legitimacy. Yuthas et al. (J Bus Ethics 41:141–157, 2002) challenged such a view, showing that firms reporting earnings surprises engage in ethical discourse with shareholders. We adopt the methodology of Yuthas et al. (J Bus Ethics 41:141–157, 2002) (...)
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  5. Ryo Oda, Noriko Yamagata, Yuki Yabiku & Akiko Matsumoto-Oda (2009). Altruism Can Be Assessed Correctly Based on Impression. Human Nature 20 (3):331-341.score: 16.0
    Detection of genuine altruists could be a solution to the problem of subtle cheating. Brown et al. (Evol Psychol 1:42–69, 2003) found that humans could detect altruists using nonverbal cues. However, their experiments can be improved upon in several ways, and further investigation is needed to determine whether altruist-detection abilities are human universals. In our experiment, we used video clips of natural conversations as the stimulus. We asked a sample of Japanese undergraduates to rate their own level of altruism and (...)
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  6. Reggy Hooghiemstra (2000). Corporate Communication and Impression Management – New Perspectives Why Companies Engage in Corporate Social Reporting. Journal of Business Ethics 27 (1-2):55 - 68.score: 15.0
    This paper addresses the theoretical framework on corporate social reporting. Although that corporate social reporting has been analysed from different perspectives, legitmacy theory currently is the dominating perspective. Authors employing this framework suggest that social and environmental disclosures are responses to both public pressure and increased media attention resulting from major social incidents such as the Exxon Valdez oil spill and the chemical leak in Bhopal (India). More specifically, those authors argue that the increase in social disclosures represent a strategy (...)
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  7. P. W. Cobb (1923). The Relation Between Field Brightness and the Speed of Retinal Impression. Journal of Experimental Psychology 6 (2):138.score: 15.0
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  8. Saverio Bozzolan, Charles H. Cho & Giovanna Michelon (forthcoming). Impression Management and Organizational Audiences: The Fiat Group Case. Journal of Business Ethics.score: 15.0
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  9. Harry F. Gollob & Andrew M. Lugg (1973). Effects of Instruction and Stimulus Presentation on the Occurrence of Averaging Responses in Impression Formation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 98 (1):217.score: 15.0
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  10. Norman H. Anderson (1965). Averaging Versus Adding as a Stimulus-Combination Rule in Impression Formation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 70 (4):394.score: 15.0
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  11. Norman H. Anderson (1973). Serial Position Curves in Impression Formation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (1):8.score: 15.0
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  12. P. W. Cobb (1926). Further Observations on the Speed of Retinal Impression. Journal of Experimental Psychology 9 (2):95.score: 15.0
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  13. Irwin P. Levin & Charles F. Schmidt (1970). Differential Influence of Information in an Impression-Formation Task with Binary Intermittent Responding. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (2):374.score: 15.0
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  14. Irwin P. Levin, Linda L. Wall, Jeannette M. Dolezal & Kent L. Norman (1973). Differential Weighting of Positive and Negative Traits in Impression Formation as a Function of Prior Exposure. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (1):114.score: 15.0
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  15. Irwin P. Levin & Charles F. Schmidt (1969). Sequential Effects in Impression Formation with Binary Intermittent Responding. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (2p1):283.score: 15.0
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  16. Delos D. Wickens, Donald B. Reutener & F. Thomas Eggemeier (1972). Sense Impression as an Encoding Dimension of Words. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):301.score: 15.0
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  17. Axel Cleeremans, Is It Better to Think Unconsciously or to Trust Your First Impression? A Reassessment of Unconscious Thought Theory.score: 12.0
    According to Unconscious Thought Theory (Dijksterhuis & Nordgren, 2006), complex decisions are best made after a period of distraction assumed to elicit “unconscious thought”. Here, we suggest instead that the superiority of decisions made after distraction results from the fact that conscious deliberation can deteriorate impressions formed online during information acquisition. We found that participants instructed to form an impression made better decisions after distraction than after deliberation, thereby replicating earlier findings. However, decisions made immediately were just as good (...)
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  18. Rachel Barney (1992). Appearances and Impressions. Phronesis 37 (3):283-313.score: 12.0
    Pyrrhonian sceptics claim, notoriously, to assent to the appearances without making claims about how things are. To see whether this is coherent we need to consider the philosophical history of ‘appearance’(phainesthai)-talk, and the closely related concept of an impression (phantasia). This history suggests that the sceptics resemble Plato in lacking the ‘non-epistemic’ or ‘non-doxastic’ conception of appearance developed by Aristotle and the Stoics. What is distinctive about the Pyrrhonian sceptic is simply that the degree of doxastic commitment involved in (...)
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  19. Richard Allen (1995). Projecting Illusion: Film Spectatorship and the Impression of Reality. Cambridge University Press.score: 12.0
    Projecting Illusion offers a systematic analysis of the impression of reality in the cinema and the pleasure it gives to the film spectator. Film provides a compelling experience that can be considered as a form of illusion akin to the experience of day-dream and dream. Examining the concept of illusion and its relationship to fantasy in the experience of visual representation, Richard Allen situates his explanation within the context of an analytical criticism of contemporary film and critical theory. He (...)
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  20. Chris Provis (2010). The Ethics of Impression Management. Business Ethics 19 (2):199-212.score: 12.0
    There are differences among forms of impression management that are relevant to its ethical evaluation. Sometimes, moral appraisal is to do with impression management as a tactic of influence, but not about deception. In other cases, an audience is given a true or a false impression, and ethical questions of deception arise, but they are made more complex by the need to consider the responsibility of an audience in reaching its conclusions. Cases where that is an issue (...)
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  21. Colin Marshall (forthcoming). Hume Versus the Vulgar on Resistance, Nisus, and the Impression of Power. Philosophical Studies.score: 12.0
    In the first Enquiry, Hume takes the experience of exerting force against a solid body to be a key ingredient of the vulgar idea of power, so that the vulgar take that experience to provide us with an impression of power. Hume provides two arguments against the vulgar on this point: the first concerning our other applications of the idea of power and the second concerning whether that experience yields certainty about distinct events. I argue that, even if we (...)
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  22. Pratima Bansal & Geoffrey Kistruck (2006). Seeing is (Not) Believing: Managing the Impressions of the Firm's Commitment to the Natural Environment. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 67 (2):165 - 180.score: 12.0
    This paper examines stakeholder responses to impression management tactics used by firms that express environmental commitment. We inductively analyzed data from 98 open-ended questionnaires and identified two impression management tactics that led respondents to believe that a firm was credible in its commitment to the natural environment. Approximately, half of the respondents responded to illustrative impression management tactics that provide images of, and/or broad-brush comments about, the firm’s commitment to the natural environment. The other half responded to (...)
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  23. P. P. Schoderbek & Satish P. Deshpande (1996). Impression Management, Overclaiming, and Perceived Unethical Conduct: The Role of Male and Female Managers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 15 (4):409 - 414.score: 12.0
    This study examines the impact of impression management and overclaiming on self-reported ethical conduct of 174 managers (67 male, 107 female) who worked for a large not-for-profit organization. As anticipated, impression management and overclaiming positively influenced perceived unethical conduct of managers. Female managers were more prone to impression management than male managers. There was no significant difference in perceived unethical conduct or level of overclaiming of male and female managers.
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  24. Rik Crutzen, Linda de Kruif & Nanne K. de Vries (2012). You Never Get a Second Chance to Make a First Impression: The Effect of Visual Complexity on Intention to Use Websites. Interaction Studies 13 (3):469-477.score: 12.0
    Websites (e.g. intervention websites targeting health risk behaviors) can be effective in achieving their goals if they are used. The actual use, however, is often very low. This study aimed to assess the effect of visual complexity on intention to use websites, by using within-subjects manipulations of visual complexity and cognitive load (1097 trials, N = 93). The results indicate that high visual complexity has a negative effect on intention to use websites ( F (1, 1095) = 14.81, p < (...)
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  25. Paul Rosenfeld (1997). Impression Management, Fairness, and the Employment Interview. Journal of Business Ethics 16 (8):801-808.score: 12.0
    This paper contends that impression management is not inherently a threat to fairness in employment interviews. Rather, regarding impression management as unfair is based on an outdated, narrow view of impression management as conscious, manipulative, and deceptive. A broader, expansive model of impression management is described which sees these behaviors as falling on a continuum from deceptive and manipulative on the one hand, to accurate, positive and beneficial on the other. While organizations may want to eliminate (...)
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  26. Jon Charles Miller (2008). Hume's Impression of Succession (Time). Dialogue 47 (3-4):603-.score: 12.0
    ABSTRACT: In this article I argue that Hume's empiricism allows for time to exist as a real distinct impression of succession, not, as many claim, merely as a nominal abstract idea. In the first part of this article I show how for Hume it is succession and not duration that constitutes time, and, further, that only duration is fictional. In the second part, I show that according to the way Hume describes the functions of the memory and imagination, it (...)
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  27. Stefano Pagliaro, Marco Brambilla, Simona Sacchi, Manuela D'Angelo & Naomi Ellemers (2013). Initial Impressions Determine Behaviours: Morality Predicts the Willingness to Help Newcomers. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 117 (1):37-44.score: 12.0
    Prior research has demonstrated the impact of morality (vs. competence) information for impression formation. This study examines behavioral implications of people’s initial impressions based on information about their morality vs. competence in a workplace. School teachers and employees (N = 79) were asked to form an impression of a new school manager (i.e. a prospective boss), who was presented as High vs. Low in Morality and High vs. Low in Competence. Results showed that morality information rather than competence (...)
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  28. Robert A. Giacalone & Stephen L. Payne (1995). Evaluation of Employee Rule Violations: The Impact of Impression Management Effects in Historical Context. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 14 (6):477 - 487.score: 12.0
    The study sought to determine whether impression management tactics by an employee could effectively lessen the recommended punishment for an ethical rule infraction by this individual. Subjects read a vignette in which an employee violated the confidentiality of personnel records. The employee was presented as either having had a history of previous infractions or no such historical information was provided. Additionally, the employee was described as using either no impression management tactics, an apology, or a justification for his (...)
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  29. J. Loss, V. Lindacher & J. Curbach (2014). Do Social Networking Sites Enhance the Attractiveness of Risky Health Behavior? Impression Management in Adolescents' Communication on Facebook and its Ethical Implications. Public Health Ethics 7 (1):5-16.score: 12.0
    Social networking sites (SNS) are of increasing importance for adolescents’ social life. As adolescents are prone to display risky health behavior in the offline world, it is likely that they use their online profiles and communications to report on unhealthy behaviors, too. This may in turn enhance the perceived attractiveness of risky behavior within the adolescent cohort. Drawing on the insights of impression management theory, we argue in this article that adolescents use a variety of impression management tactics (...)
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  30. Edward K. Strong Jr (1916). The Factors Affecting a Permanent Impression Developed Through Repetition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 1 (4):319.score: 11.0
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  31. James J. Gibson & Walter Carel (1952). Does Motion Perspective Independently Produce the Impression of a Receding Surface? Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (1):16.score: 11.0
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  32. David Landy (2006). Hume's Impression/Idea Distinction. Hume Studies 32 (1):119-139.score: 10.0
    Understanding the distinction between impressions and ideas that Hume draws in the opening paragraphs of his A Treatise on Human Nature is essential for understanding much of Hume’s philosophy. This, however, is a task that has been the cause of a good deal of controversy in the literature on Hume. I here argue that the significant philosophical and exegetical issues previous treatments of this distinction (such as the force and vivacity reading and the external-world reading) encounter are extremely problematic. I (...)
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  33. Angela H. Gutchess Brittany S. Cassidy (2012). Structural Variation Within the Amygdala and Ventromedial Prefrontal Cortex Predicts Memory for Impressions in Older Adults. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 10.0
    Research has shown that lesions to regions involved in social and emotional cognition disrupt socioemotional processing and memory. We investigated how structural variation of regions involved in socioemotional memory (ventromedial prefrontal cortex [vmPFC], amygdala), as opposed to a region implicated in explicit memory (hippocampus), affected memory for impressions in young and older adults. Anatomical MRI scans for fifteen young and fifteen older adults were obtained and reconstructed to gather information about cortical thickness and subcortical volume. Young adults had greater amygdala (...)
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  34. Marco Sgarbi (2012). Hume's Source of the "Impression-Idea&Quot;. Anales Del Seminario de Historia de la Filosofía 29 (2):561-576.score: 10.0
    In this paper I aim to investigate Hume's well-known distinction between impressions and ideas, following the methodology of the history of ideas, and showing its specificity and suggesting a possible source, which has not been given much attention by the scholarship, namely the logical doctrines of the physician and anatomist William Harvey, which provide the key concepts to understand Hume's logic of ideas. After some introductory remarks, the second part deals with the many issues involved in Hume's distinction, and in (...)
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  35. Allan Walker (1997). Shape, Impression and Blockage: A Case of Leadership and Culture Change. Educational Studies 23 (1):63-85.score: 10.0
    Summary Although the changing role of high-level educational leaders has received increasing attention in recent years, few studies have targeted concerted culture change attempts by such important players. The data discussed in this article were drawn from the perceptions of one Australia state-level chief executive officer (CEO) and a group of administrators within his department during the first 18 months of his appointment. The study sought to describe briefly the leader, identify the shape of the culture he set out consciously (...)
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  36. Jacques Derrida (1996). Archive Fever: A Freudian Impression. University of Chicago Press.score: 9.0
    In Archive Fever , Jacques Derrida deftly guides us through an extended meditation on remembrance, religion, time, and technology--fruitfully occasioned by a deconstructive analysis of the notion of archiving. Intrigued by the evocative relationship between technologies of inscription and psychic processes, Derrida offers for the first time a major statement on the pervasive impact of electronic media, particularly e-mail, which threaten to transform the entire public and private space of humanity. Plying this rich material with characteristic virtuosity, Derrida constructs a (...)
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  37. Willem A. deVries (2006). McDowell, Sellars, and Sense Impressions. European Journal of Philosophy 14 (2):182–201.score: 9.0
  38. Eric Lormand (2005). Phenomenal Impressions. In T.S. Gendler & John Hawthorne (eds.), Perceptual Experience. Oup. 316--353.score: 9.0
  39. Robert C. Richardson & G. Muilenberg (1982). Sellars and Sense Impressions. Erkenntnis 17 (March):171-212.score: 9.0
  40. Catherine Wilson (1997). Motion, Sensation, and the Infinite: The Lasting Impression of Hobbes on Leibniz. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 5 (2):339 – 351.score: 9.0
  41. Wilfrid S. Sellars (1971). Seeing, Sense Impressions, and Sensa: A Reply to Cornman. Review of Metaphysics 24 (March):391-447.score: 9.0
  42. Maurice Charlesworth (1979). Sense-Impressions: A New Model. Mind 88 (January):24-44.score: 9.0
  43. P. T. Geach (1970). Arthur Prior: A Personal Impression. Theoria 36 (3):185-188.score: 9.0
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  44. Yong Han & Yochanan Altman (2009). Supervisor and Subordinate Guanxi: A Grounded Investigation in the People's Republic of China. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):91 - 104.score: 9.0
    Despite the growing number of studies on the topic of guanxi in a work context, there is a paucity of research on supervisor-subordinate guanxi in the field of organisation and management. This article critically reviews the extant literature on guanxi in human resource management and organisational behaviour and applies an inductive approach to explore the perception of guanxi from both superior and subordinate perspectives in the People's Republic of China. The study reports positive and ethical features of guanxi as well (...)
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  45. L. J. Russell (1938). A Critical Exposition of the Philosophy of Leibniz. By Bertrand Russell, New Impression with a New Preface (London: George Allen & Unwin, Ltd.1937. Pp. Xxiii + 311. Price 12s. 6d.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 13 (50):217-.score: 9.0
  46. Erwin Bernat (2001). Abortion Without Free and Informed Consent? An Austrian Case of First Impression. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 26 (3):311 – 321.score: 9.0
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  47. Roland E. Kidwell (2004). “Small” Lies, Big Trouble: The Unfortunate Consequences of Résumé Padding, From Janet Cooke to George O'Leary. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 51 (2):175 - 184.score: 9.0
    Lying and dysfunctional impression management have been identified as two serious forms of deviant behavior in organizations. One manifestation of such behavior is distortion of one's résumé. In 1981, Janet Cooke lost American journalism's highest honor, the Pulitzer Prize, and her job when her work was exposed as a hoax. The revelation surfaced after it was discovered that she had lied on her résumé and her biographical record. Twenty years later, football coach George O'Leary resigned from one of (...)
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  48. George H. Mead (1917). Josiah Royce: A Personal Impression. International Journal of Ethics 27 (2):168-170.score: 9.0
  49. Elizabeth H. Wolgast (1958). Perceiving and Impressions. Philosophical Review 67 (April):226-236.score: 9.0
  50. Phil A. Brown, Morris H. Stocks & W. Mark Wilder (2007). Ethical Exemplification and the AICPA Code of Professional Conduct: An Empirical Investigation of Auditor and Public Perceptions. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 71 (1):39 - 71.score: 9.0
    This research applies the impression management theory of exemplification in an accounting study by identifying and measuring differences in both auditor and public perceptions of exemplary behaviors. The auditors were divided into two groups, one of which reported self-perceptions (A-S) while the other group reported their perceptions of a typical auditor (A-O). There were two separate public groups, which gave their perceptions of a typical auditor and were divided based on their levels of accounting sophistication. The more sophisticated public (...)
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