Search results for 'Indeterminism' (try it on Scholar)

590 found
Order:
  1.  9
    Samuel Murray (forthcoming). O'Connor's Argument for Indeterminism. Philosophical Explorations.
    Timothy O’Connor has recently defended a version of libertarianism that has significant advantages over similar accounts. One of these is an argument that secures indeterminism on the basis of an argument that shows how causal determinism threatens agency in virtue of the nature of the causal relation involved in free acts. In this paper, I argue that while it does turn out that free acts are not causally determined on O’Connor’s view, this fact is merely stipulative and the argument (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  72
    T. Placek (2012). Indeterminism is a Modal Notion: Branching Spacetimes and Earman's Pruning. [REVIEW] Synthese 187 (2):441-469.
    The paper defends an Aristotelian notion of indeterminism, as rigorously formulated in the framework of branching space-times (BST) of Belnap (1992), against the model-theoretic characterization of indeterminism that Montague (1962) introduced into the philosophy of science. It delineates BST branching against the background provided by Earman's (2008) distinction between individual vs. ensemble branching. It describes a construction of physically-motivated BST models, in which histories are isomorphic to Minkowski spacetime. Finally it responds to criticism leveled against BST by addressing (...)
    Direct download (10 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   11 citations  
  3.  23
    Thomas Ploug & Peter Øhrstrøm (2012). Branching Time, Indeterminism and Tense Logic. Synthese 188 (3):367-379.
    This paper deals with the historical and philosophical background of the introduction of the notion of branching time in philosophical logic as it is revealed in the hitherto unpublished mail-correspondence between Saul Kripke and A.N. Prior in the late 1950s. The paper reveals that the idea was first suggested by Saul Kripke in a letter to A.N. Prior, dated September 3, 1958, and it is shown how the elaboration of the idea in the course of the correspondence was intimately intervowen (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  4. Timothy O'Connor (1993). Indeterminism and Free Agency: Three Recent Views. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (3):499-26.
    It is a commonplace of philosophy that the notion of free will is a hard nut to crack. A simple, compelling argument can be made to show that behavior for which an agent is morally responsible cannot be the outcome of prior determining causal factors.1 Yet the smug satisfaction with which we incompatibilists are prone to trot out this argument has a tendency to turn to embarrassment when we're asked to explain just how it is that morally responsible action might (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  5.  55
    Thomas Müller (2010). Towards a Theory of Limited Indeterminism in Branching Space-Times. Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (4):395 - 423.
    Branching space-times (BST; Belnap, Synthese 92:385–434, 1992 ) is the most advanced formal framework for representing indeterminism. BST is however based on continuous partial orderings, while our natural way of describing indeterministic scenarios may be called discrete. This paper establishes a theorem providing a discrete data format for BST: it is proved that a discrete representation of indeterministic scenarios leading to BST models is possible in an important subclass of cases. This result enables the representation of limited indeterminism (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  6.  49
    Ishtiyaque Haji (1999). Indeterminism and Frankfurt-Type Examples. Philosophical Explorations 2 (1):42-58.
    I assess Robert Kane's view that global Frankfurt-type cases don't show that freedom to do otherwise is never required for moral responsibility. I first adumbrate Kane's indeterminist account of free will.This will help us grasp Kane's notion of ultimate responsibility, and his claim that in a global Frankfurt-type case, the counterfactual intervener could not control all of the relevant agent's actions in the Frankfurt manner, and some of those actions would be such that the agent could have done otherwise. Appealing (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   14 citations  
  7. Michael Esfeld (2000). Is Quantum Indeterminism Relevant to Free Will? Philosophia Naturalis 37 (1):177-187.
    Quantum indeterminism may make available the option of an interactionism that does not have to pay the price of a force over and above those forces that are acknowledged in physics in order to explain how intentions can be physically effective. I show how this option might work in concrete terms and offer a criticism of it.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  8.  98
    Robert H. Kane (1999). On Free Will, Responsibility and Indeterminism: Responses to Clarke, Haji, and Mele. Philosophical Explorations 2 (2):105-121.
    This paper responds to three critical essays on my book, The Significance of Free Will(Oxford, 1996) by Randolph Clarke, Istiyaque Haji and Alfred Mele (which essays appear in this issue and an earlier issue of this journal). This response first explains crucial features of the theory of free will of the book, including the notion of ultimate responsibility.The paper then answers objections of Haji and Mele that the occurrence of undetermined choices would be matters of luck or chance, and so (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  9.  90
    Roksana Alavi (2005). Robert Kane, Free Will, and Neuro-Indeterminism. Philo 8 (2):95-108.
    In this paper I argue that Robert Kane’s defense of event-causal libertarianism, as presented in Responsibility, Luck, and Chance: Reflections on Free Will and Indeterminism, fails because his event-causal reconstruction is incoherent. I focus on the notions of efforts and self-forming actions essential to his defense.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10.  25
    Oisín Deery (2015). Why People Believe in Indeterminist Free Will. Philosophical Studies 172 (8):2033-2054.
    Recent empirical evidence indicates that people tend to believe that they possess indeterminist free will, and people’s experience of choosing and deciding is that they possess such freedom. Some also maintain that people’s belief in indeterminist free will has its source in their experience of choosing and deciding. Yet there seem to be good reasons to resist endorsing. Despite this, I maintain that belief in indeterminist free will really does have its source in experience. I explain how this is so (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  11.  8
    Michael M. Pitman (2012). Freedom, Indeterminism and Imagination. South African Journal of Philosophy 31 (2):369-383.
    A suspicion about libertarian free will is that freedom is undermined, rather than supported, by the positing of indeterminism within processes of volition. In response, this paper presents a way in which moments of indeterminism can enhance freedom, by showing how such moments can genuinely belong to the agent. The key idea is that of putting the imagination to work in the service of free agency. The suggestion is that indeterministic processes of imaginative generativity can both belong to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  23
    Steven Rieber (2002). A Defense of Indeterminism. Acta Analytica 17 (1):75-82.
    My goal is to defend the indeterminist approach to vagueness, according to which a borderline vague utterance is neither true nor false. Indeterminism appears to contradict bivalence and the disquotational schema for truth. I agree that indeterminism compels us to modify each of these principles. Kit Fine has defended indeterminism by claiming that ordinary ambiguous sentences are neither true nor false when one disambiguation is true and the other is false. But even if Fine is right about (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  13.  6
    Clifford Williams (1984). Indeterminism and the Theory of Agency. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 45 (1):111-119.
    The theory of agency has been put forward to avoid the charge that uncaused actions are capricious. I argue that the introduction of agency does not remove the capriciousness that uncaused actions are said to have, because free actions, even with agency, still must possess those characteristics that the indeterminist’s uncaused actions possess: having no sufficient condition, and being able to be different even if all prior happenings and circumstances were the same. Moreover, an appeal to goals and purposes, though (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  95
    Louis Vervoort (2013). Does Chance Hide Necessity ? A Reevaluation of the Debate ‘Determinism - Indeterminism’ in the Light of Quantum Mechanics and Probability Theory. Dissertation, University of Montreal
    In this text the ancient philosophical question of determinism (“Does every event have a cause ?”) will be re-examined. In the philosophy of science and physics communities the orthodox position states that the physical world is indeterministic: quantum events would have no causes but happen by irreducible chance. Arguably the clearest theorem that leads to this conclusion is Bell’s theorem. The commonly accepted ‘solution’ to the theorem is ‘indeterminism’, in agreement with the Copenhagen interpretation. Here it is recalled that (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15. Robert H. Kane (2002). Free Will, Determinism, and Indeterminism. In Harald Atmanspacher & Robert C. Bishop (eds.), Between Chance and Choice: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Determinism. Thorverton UK: Imprint Academic 371--406.
  16. Robert F. Allen (2005). Free Will and Indeterminism: Robert Kane's Libertarianism. Journal of Philosophical Research 30:341-355.
    Drawing on Aristotle’s notion of “ultimate responsibility,” Robert Kane argues that to be exercising a free will an agent must have taken some character forming decisions for which there were no sufficient conditions or decisive reasons.1 That is, an agent whose will is free not only had the ability to develop other dispositions, but could have exercised that ability without being irrational. To say it again, a person has a free will just in case her character is the product of (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  17.  22
    Michael Esfeld (2015). Bell’s Theorem and the Issue of Determinism and Indeterminism. Foundations of Physics 45 (5):471-482.
    The paper considers the claim that quantum theories with a deterministic dynamics of objects in ordinary space-time, such as Bohmian mechanics, contradict the assumption that the measurement settings can be freely chosen in the EPR experiment. That assumption is one of the premises of Bell’s theorem. I first argue that only a premise to the effect that what determines the choice of the measurement settings is independent of what determines the past state of the measured system is needed for the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  73
    Ishtiyaque Haji (2000). Indeterminism, Explanation, and Luck. Journal of Ethics 4 (3):211-235.
    I first adumbrate pertinent aspectsof Robert Kane''s libertarian theory of free choice oraction and an objection of luck that has been levelledagainst the theory. I then consider Kane''s recentresponses to this objection. To meet these responses,I argue that the view that undetermined choices (ofthe sort implied by Kane''s theory) are a matter ofluck is associated with a view about actionexplanation, to wit: when Jones does A and hisdoing of A is undetermined, and when hiscounterpart, Jones*, in the nearest possibleworld in (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  19.  23
    Galen Strawson (2000). Review: The Unhelpfulness of Indeterminism. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (1):149 - 155.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  20.  18
    Randolph Clarke (1995). Indeterminism and Control. American Philosophical Quarterly 32 (2):125-138.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  21.  51
    Douglas C. Macintosh (1940). Responsibility, Freedom and Causality: Or, the Dilemma of Determinism or Indeterminism. Journal of Philosophy 37 (January):42-51.
  22. Robert C. Bishop (2002). Chaos, Indeterminism, and Free Will. In Robert H. Kane (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Free Will. Oxford University Press
  23.  31
    Bartlomiej Swiatczak (2011). Indeterminism in the Immune System: The Case of Somatic Hypermutation. Paradigmi 1:49-65.
    One of the fundamental questions of life sciences is one of whether there are genuinely random biological processes. An affirmative or negative answer to this question may have important methodological consequences. It appears that a number of biological processes are explicitly classified as random. One of them is the so-called somatic hypermutation. However, closer analysis of somatic hypermutation reveals that it is not a genuinely random process. Somatic hypermutation is called random because the exact outcome of this process is difficult (...)
    Translate
      Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  6
    Iñaki San Pedro & Mauricio Suárez (2009). Reichenbach’s Common Cause Principle and Indeterminism: A Review. In José Luis González Recio (ed.), Philosophical Essays on Physics and Biology. Georg Olms Verlag 223-250.
    We offer a review of some of the most influential views on the status of Reichenbach’s Principle of the Common Cause (RPCC) for genuinely indeterministic systems. We first argue that the RPCC is properly a conjunction of two distinct claims, one metaphysical and another methodological. Both claims can and have been contested in the literature, but here we simply assume that the metaphysical claim is correct, in order to focus our analysis on the status of the methodological claim. We briefly (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25.  17
    A. N. Prior (1962). Limited Indeterminism. Review of Metaphysics 16 (September):55-61.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  26.  19
    David Hodgson (1996). Nonlocality, Local Indeterminism, and Consciousness. Ratio 9 (1):1-22.
  27.  22
    H. Rensselaer Wilsovann (1955). Causal Discontinuity in Fatalism and Indeterminism. Journal of Philosophy 52 (February):70-71.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  12
    Alfred C. Ewing (1951). Indeterminism. Review of Metaphysics 5 (December):199-222.
  29.  15
    Lionel Stefan Shapiro (2001). “The Transition From Sensibility to Reason in Regressu”: Indeterminism in Kant's Reflexionen. Kant-Studien 92 (1):3-12.
    According to Roman Ingarden, transcendental idealism prevented Kant from "even undertaking an attempt" at elucidating freedom "in terms of the causal structure of the world." I show that this claim requires qualification. In a remarkable series of Critical-period Reflexionen (5611-4, 5616-9), Kant sketches a defense of the possibility of freedom that differs radically from his usual compatibilism by incorporating an indeterministic account of the phenomena. He argues that universal causal determination is consistent with an open future: if an action is (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. A. Fine (1993). Indeterminism and the Freedom of the Will. In John Earman (ed.), Philosophical Problems of the Internal and External World. University of Pittsburgh Press
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31. Robert H. Kane (2004). Agency, Responsibility, and Indeterminism: Reflections on Libertarian Theories of Free Will. In Ted Honderich (ed.), Freedom and Determinism. Bradford Book/MIT Press
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  32. Lawrence D. Roberts (1971). Indeterminism, Chance, and Responsibility. Ratio 13 (December):195-199.
  33. Daniel J. Shaw (1989). Freedom and Indeterminism. In John Heil (ed.), Cause, Mind, and Reality: Essays Honoring C B Martin. Norwell: Kluwer
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34. Anatol von Spakovsky (1963). Freedom, Determinism, Indeterminism. The Hague: Nijhoff.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35. Daniel Steel (2005). Indeterminism and the Causal Markov Condition. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (1):3-26.
    The causal Markov condition (CMC) plays an important role in much recent work on the problem of causal inference from statistical data. It is commonly thought that the CMC is a more problematic assumption for genuinely indeterministic systems than for deterministic ones. In this essay, I critically examine this proposition. I show how the usual motivation for the CMC—that it is true of any acyclic, deterministic causal system in which the exogenous variables are independent—can be extended to the indeterministic case. (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   7 citations  
  36.  11
    Robert Kane (forthcoming). The Complex Tapestry of Free Will: Striving Will, Indeterminism and Volitional Streams. Synthese:1-16.
    The aim of this paper is to respond to recent discussion of, and objections to, the libertarian view of free will I have developed in many works over the past four decades. The issues discussed all have a bearing on the central question of how one might make sense of a traditional free will requiring indeterminism in the light of modern science. This task involves, among other things, avoiding all traditional libertarian appeals to unusual forms of agency or causation (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37. David Wallace (2002). Time-Dependent Symmetries: The Link Between Gauge Symmetries and Indeterminism. In Katherine Brading & Elena Castellani (eds.), Symmetries in Physics: Philosophical Reflections. CUP 163--173.
    Mathematically, gauge theories are extraordinarily rich --- so rich, in fact, that it can become all too easy to lose track of the connections between results, and become lost in a mass of beautiful theorems and properties: indeterminism, constraints, Noether identities, local and global symmetries, and so on. -/- One purpose of this short article is to provide some sort of a guide through the mathematics, to the conceptual core of what is actually going on. Its focus is on (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  38.  22
    Charlotte Werndl, Determinism and Indeterminism.
    This article focuses on three themes concerning determinism and indeterminism. The first theme is observational equivalence between deterministic and indeterministic models. Here I discuss several results about observational equivalence and present an argument on how to choose between deterministic and indeterministic models involving indirect evidence. The second theme is whether Newtonian physics is indeterministic. I argue that the answer depends on what one takes Newtonian mechanics to be, and I highlight how contemporary debates on this issue differ from those (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  33
    Timothy O'Connor (ed.) (1995). Agents, Causes, and Events: Essays on Indeterminism and Free Will. Oxford University Press.
    Many philosophers are persuaded by familiar arguments that free will is incompatible with causal determinism. Yet, notoriously, past attempts to articulate how the right type of indeterminism might secure the capacity for autonomous action have generally been regarded as either demonstrably inadequate or irremediably obscure. This volume gathers together the most significant recent discussions concerning the prospects for devising a satisfactory indeterministic account of freedom of action. These essays give greater precision to traditional formulations of the problems associated with (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   19 citations  
  40.  3
    Laura W. Ekstrom (forthcoming). Toward a Plausible Event-Causal Indeterminist Account of Free Will. Synthese:1-18.
    For those who maintain that free will is incompatible with causal determinism, a persistent problem is to give a coherent characterization of action that is neither determined by prior events nor random, arbitrary, lucky or in some way insufficiently under the control of the agent to count as free action. One approach—that of Roderick Chisholm and others—is to say that a third alternative is for an action to be caused by an agent in a way that is not reducible to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  3
    Manuel Pérez Otero (2016). How Indeterminism Could Help Incompatibilism on Free Action. Dialectica 70 (2):169-184.
    The main goal of this paper is to contribute to the clarification of the dialectics between compatibilists and incompatibilists on free action. I describe a new incompatibilist position that has been neglected in the literature. I also provide a proper rationale for such a position. First, I present a justification for incompatibilism that is composed of an old idea and a new one. The old idea is the FRAP principle: freedom requires alternative possibilities. Compatibilists and incompatibilists alike usually share a (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42. Wesley C. Salmon (1977). Indeterminism and Epistemic Relativization. Philosophy of Science 44 (2):199-202.
    Carl G. Hempel's doctrine of essential epistemic relativization of inductive-statistical explanation seems to entail the unintelligibility of the notion of objective homogeneity of reference classes. This discussion note explores the question of whether, as a consequence, essential epistemic relativization also entails the unintelligibility of the doctrine of indeterminism.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  43.  24
    Nuel Belnap (2012). Newtonian Determinism to Branching Space-Times Indeterminism in Two Moves. Synthese 188 (1):5-21.
    “Branching space-times” (BST) is intended as a representation of objective, event-based indeterminism. As such, BST exhibits both a spatio-temporal aspect and an indeterministic “modal” aspect of alternative possible historical courses of events. An essential feature of BST is that it can also represent spatial or space-like relationships as part of its (more or less) relativistic theory of spatio-temporal relations; this ability is essential for the representation of local (in contrast with “global”) indeterminism. This essay indicates how BST might (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  44.  37
    Shaun Nichols (2013). The Indeterminist Intuition. The Monist 95 (2):290-307.
    Evidence from experimental philosophy indicates that people think that their choices are not determined. What remains unclear is why people think this. Denying determinism is rather presumptuous given people’s general ignorance about the nature of the universe. In this paper, I’ll argue that the belief in indeterminism depends on a default presumption that we know the factors that influence our decision making. That presumption was reasonable at earlier points in intellectual history. But in light of work in cognitive science, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  45.  45
    Leslie Graves, Barbara L. Horan & Alex Rosenberg (1999). Is Indeterminism the Source of the Statistical Character of Evolutionary Theory? Philosophy of Science 66 (1):140-157.
    We argue that Brandon and Carson's (1996) "The Indeterministic Character of Evolutionary Theory" fails to identify any indeterminism that would require evolutionary theory to be a statistical or probabilistic theory. Specifically, we argue that (1) their demonstration of a mechanism by which quantum indeterminism might "percolate up" to the biological level is irrelevant; (2) their argument that natural selection is indeterministic because it is inextricably connected with drift fails to join the issue with determinism; and (3) their view (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   15 citations  
  46. Nuel Belnap, Branching Histories Approach to Indeterminism and Free Will.
    An informal sketch is offered of some chief ideas of the (formal) ``branching histories'' theory of objective possibility, free will and indeterminism. Reference is made to ``branching time'' and to ``branching space-times,'' with emphasis on a theme that they share: Objective possibilities are in Our World, organized by the relation of causal order.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  47.  26
    Shaun Nichols (2012). The Indeterminist Intuition. The Monist 95 (2):290-307.
    Evidence from experimental philosophy indicates that people think that their choices are not determined. What remains unclear is why people think this. Denying determinism is rather presumptuous given people’s general ignorance about the nature of the universe. In this paper, I’ll argue that the belief in indeterminism depends on a default presumption that we know the factors that influence our decision making. That presumption was reasonable at earlier points in intellectual history. But in light of work in cognitive science, (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  48.  24
    Tomasz Placek, Nuel Belnap & Kohei Kishida (2013). On Topological Issues of Indeterminism. Erkenntnis 79 (S3):1-34.
    Indeterminism, understood as a notion that an event may be continued in a few alternative ways, invokes the question what a region of chanciness looks like. We concern ourselves with its topological and spatiotemporal aspects, abstracting from the nature or mechanism of chancy processes. We first argue that the question arises in Montague-Lewis-Earman conceptualization of indeterminism as well as in the branching tradition of Prior, Thomason and Belnap. As the resources of the former school are not rich enough (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  49. Immanuel Kant (1781). For Determinism and Indeterminism. In Critique of Pure Reason.
    _One summary of the great Kant's view, to the extent that it can be summed up, is_ _that he takes determinism to be a kind of fact, and indeterminism to be another kind_ _of fact, and our freedom to be a fact too -- but takes this situation to have nothing to_ _do with the kind of compatibility of determinism and freedom proclaimed by such_ _Compatibilists as Hobbes and Hume. Thus Kant does not make freedom consistent_ _with determinism by (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   26 citations  
  50.  10
    Robert Kane (2015). On the Role of Indeterminism in Libertarian Free Will. Philosophical Explorations 19 (1):2-16.
    In a recent paper in this journal, “How should libertarians conceive of the location and role of indeterminism?” Christopher Evan Franklin critically examines my libertarian view of free will and attempts to improve upon it. He says that while Kane's influential [view] offers many important advances in the development of a defensible libertarian theory of free will and moral responsibility … [he made] “two crucial mistakes in formulating libertarianism” – one about the location of indeterminism, the other about (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 590