Search results for 'Indeterminism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Michael Esfeld (2000). Is Quantum Indeterminism Relevant to Free Will? Philosophia Naturalis 37 (1):177-187.score: 18.0
    Quantum indeterminism may make available the option of an interactionism that does not have to pay the price of a force over and above those forces that are acknowledged in physics in order to explain how intentions can be physically effective. I show how this option might work in concrete terms and offer a criticism of it.
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  2. Robert H. Kane (1999). On Free Will, Responsibility and Indeterminism: Responses to Clarke, Haji, and Mele. Philosophical Explorations 2 (2):105-121.score: 18.0
    This paper responds to three critical essays on my book, The Significance of Free Will(Oxford, 1996) by Randolph Clarke, Istiyaque Haji and Alfred Mele (which essays appear in this issue and an earlier issue of this journal). This response first explains crucial features of the theory of free will of the book, including the notion of ultimate responsibility.The paper then answers objections of Haji and Mele that the occurrence of undetermined choices would be matters of luck or chance, and so (...)
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  3. Timothy O'Connor (1993). Indeterminism and Free Agency: Three Recent Views. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 53 (3):499-26.score: 18.0
    It is a commonplace of philosophy that the notion of free will is a hard nut to crack. A simple, compelling argument can be made to show that behavior for which an agent is morally responsible cannot be the outcome of prior determining causal factors.1 Yet the smug satisfaction with which we incompatibilists are prone to trot out this argument has a tendency to turn to embarrassment when we're asked to explain just how it is that morally responsible action might (...)
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  4. Roksana Alavi (2005). Robert Kane, Free Will, and Neuro-Indeterminism. Philo 8 (2):95-108.score: 18.0
    In this paper I argue that Robert Kane’s defense of event-causal libertarianism, as presented in Responsibility, Luck, and Chance: Reflections on Free Will and Indeterminism, fails because his event-causal reconstruction is incoherent. I focus on the notions of efforts and self-forming actions essential to his defense.
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  5. Ishtiyaque Haji (1999). Indeterminism and Frankfurt-Type Examples. Philosophical Explorations 2 (1):42-58.score: 18.0
    I assess Robert Kane's view that global Frankfurt-type cases don't show that freedom to do otherwise is never required for moral responsibility. I first adumbrate Kane's indeterminist account of free will.This will help us grasp Kane's notion of ultimate responsibility, and his claim that in a global Frankfurt-type case, the counterfactual intervener could not control all of the relevant agent's actions in the Frankfurt manner, and some of those actions would be such that the agent could have done otherwise. Appealing (...)
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  6. Thomas Müller (2010). Towards a Theory of Limited Indeterminism in Branching Space-Times. Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (4):395 - 423.score: 18.0
    Branching space-times (BST; Belnap, Synthese 92:385–434, 1992 ) is the most advanced formal framework for representing indeterminism. BST is however based on continuous partial orderings, while our natural way of describing indeterministic scenarios may be called discrete. This paper establishes a theorem providing a discrete data format for BST: it is proved that a discrete representation of indeterministic scenarios leading to BST models is possible in an important subclass of cases. This result enables the representation of limited indeterminism (...)
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  7. T. Placek (2012). Indeterminism is a Modal Notion: Branching Spacetimes and Earman's Pruning. [REVIEW] Synthese 187 (2):441-469.score: 18.0
    The paper defends an Aristotelian notion of indeterminism, as rigorously formulated in the framework of branching space-times (BST) of Belnap (1992), against the model-theoretic characterization of indeterminism that Montague (1962) introduced into the philosophy of science. It delineates BST branching against the background provided by Earman's (2008) distinction between individual vs. ensemble branching. It describes a construction of physically-motivated BST models, in which histories are isomorphic to Minkowski spacetime. Finally it responds to criticism leveled against BST by addressing (...)
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  8. Steven Rieber (2002). A Defense of Indeterminism. Acta Analytica 17 (1):75-82.score: 18.0
    My goal is to defend the indeterminist approach to vagueness, according to which a borderline vague utterance is neither true nor false. Indeterminism appears to contradict bivalence and the disquotational schema for truth. I agree that indeterminism compels us to modify each of these principles. Kit Fine has defended indeterminism by claiming that ordinary ambiguous sentences are neither true nor false when one disambiguation is true and the other is false. But even if Fine is right about (...)
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  9. Thomas Ploug & Peter Øhrstrøm (2012). Branching Time, Indeterminism and Tense Logic. Synthese 188 (3):367-379.score: 18.0
    This paper deals with the historical and philosophical background of the introduction of the notion of branching time in philosophical logic as it is revealed in the hitherto unpublished mail-correspondence between Saul Kripke and A.N. Prior in the late 1950s. The paper reveals that the idea was first suggested by Saul Kripke in a letter to A.N. Prior, dated September 3, 1958, and it is shown how the elaboration of the idea in the course of the correspondence was intimately intervowen (...)
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  10. Michael M. Pitman (2012). Freedom, Indeterminism and Imagination. South African Journal of Philosophy 31 (2):369-383.score: 18.0
    A suspicion about libertarian free will is that freedom is undermined, rather than supported, by the positing of indeterminism within processes of volition. In response, this paper presents a way in which moments of indeterminism can enhance freedom, by showing how such moments can genuinely belong to the agent. The key idea is that of putting the imagination to work in the service of free agency. The suggestion is that indeterministic processes of imaginative generativity can both belong to (...)
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  11. Ishtiyaque Haji (2000). Indeterminism, Explanation, and Luck. Journal of Ethics 4 (3):211-235.score: 16.0
    I first adumbrate pertinent aspectsof Robert Kane''s libertarian theory of free choice oraction and an objection of luck that has been levelledagainst the theory. I then consider Kane''s recentresponses to this objection. To meet these responses,I argue that the view that undetermined choices (ofthe sort implied by Kane''s theory) are a matter ofluck is associated with a view about actionexplanation, to wit: when Jones does A and hisdoing of A is undetermined, and when hiscounterpart, Jones*, in the nearest possibleworld in (...)
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  12. Iñaki San Pedro & Mauricio Suárez (2009). The Principle of Common Cause and Indeterminism: A Review. In José Luis González Recio (ed.), Philosophical Essays on Physics and Biology. Georg Olms Verlag.score: 16.0
    We offer a review of some of the most influential views on the status of Reichenbach’s Principle of the Common Cause (RPCC) for genuinely indeterministic systems. We first argue that the RPCC is properly a conjunction of two distinct claims, one metaphysical and another methodological. Both claims can and have been contested in the literature, but here we simply assume that the metaphysical claim is correct, in order to focus our analysis on the status of the methodological claim. We briefly (...)
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  13. Robert H. Kane (2002). Free Will, Determinism, and Indeterminism. In Harald Atmanspacher & Robert C. Bishop (eds.), Between Chance and Choice: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Determinism. Thorverton UK: Imprint Academic. 371--406.score: 15.0
  14. Robert F. Allen (2005). Free Will and Indeterminism: Robert Kane's Libertarianism. Journal of Philosophical Research 30:341-355.score: 15.0
    Drawing on Aristotle’s notion of “ultimate responsibility,” Robert Kane argues that to be exercising a free will an agent must have taken some character forming decisions for which there were no sufficient conditions or decisive reasons.1 That is, an agent whose will is free not only had the ability to develop other dispositions, but could have exercised that ability without being irrational. To say it again, a person has a free will just in case her character is the product of (...)
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  15. Douglas C. Macintosh (1940). Responsibility, Freedom and Causality: Or, the Dilemma of Determinism or Indeterminism. Journal of Philosophy 37 (January):42-51.score: 15.0
  16. Bartlomiej Swiatczak (2011). Indeterminism in the Immune System: The Case of Somatic Hypermutation. Paradigmi 1:49-65.score: 15.0
    One of the fundamental questions of life sciences is one of whether there are genuinely random biological processes. An affirmative or negative answer to this question may have important methodological consequences. It appears that a number of biological processes are explicitly classified as random. One of them is the so-called somatic hypermutation. However, closer analysis of somatic hypermutation reveals that it is not a genuinely random process. Somatic hypermutation is called random because the exact outcome of this process is difficult (...)
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  17. H. Rensselaer Wilsovann (1955). Causal Discontinuity in Fatalism and Indeterminism. Journal of Philosophy 52 (February):70-71.score: 15.0
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  18. David Hodgson (1996). Nonlocality, Local Indeterminism, and Consciousness. Ratio 9 (1):1-22.score: 15.0
  19. Galen Strawson (2000). Review: The Unhelpfulness of Indeterminism. [REVIEW] Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 60 (1):149 - 155.score: 15.0
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  20. Randolph Clarke (1995). Indeterminism and Control. American Philosophical Quarterly 32 (2):125-138.score: 15.0
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  21. Alfred C. Ewing (1951). Indeterminism. Review of Metaphysics 5 (December):199-222.score: 15.0
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  22. A. N. Prior (1962). Limited Indeterminism. Review of Metaphysics 16 (September):55-61.score: 15.0
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  23. Robert C. Bishop (2002). Chaos, Indeterminism, and Free Will. In Robert H. Kane (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Free Will. Oxford University Press.score: 15.0
     
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  24. A. Fine (1993). Indeterminism and the Freedom of the Will. In John Earman (ed.), Philosophical Problems of the Internal and External World. University of Pittsburgh Press.score: 15.0
     
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  25. Robert H. Kane (2004). Agency, Responsibility, and Indeterminism: Reflections on Libertarian Theories of Free Will. In Ted Honderich (ed.), Freedom and Determinism. Bradford Book/MIT Press.score: 15.0
     
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  26. Lawrence D. Roberts (1971). Indeterminism, Chance, and Responsibility. Ratio 13 (December):195-199.score: 15.0
  27. Daniel J. Shaw (1989). Freedom and Indeterminism. In John Heil (ed.), Cause, Mind, and Reality: Essays Honoring C B Martin. Norwell: Kluwer.score: 15.0
     
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  28. Anatol von Spakovsky (1963). Freedom, Determinism, Indeterminism. The Hague: Nijhoff.score: 15.0
     
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  29. Nuel Belnap, Branching Histories Approach to Indeterminism and Free Will.score: 12.0
    An informal sketch is offered of some chief ideas of the (formal) ``branching histories'' theory of objective possibility, free will and indeterminism. Reference is made to ``branching time'' and to ``branching space-times,'' with emphasis on a theme that they share: Objective possibilities are in Our World, organized by the relation of causal order.
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  30. Immanuel Kant (1781). For Determinism and Indeterminism. In Critique of Pure Reason.score: 12.0
    _One summary of the great Kant's view, to the extent that it can be summed up, is_ _that he takes determinism to be a kind of fact, and indeterminism to be another kind_ _of fact, and our freedom to be a fact too -- but takes this situation to have nothing to_ _do with the kind of compatibility of determinism and freedom proclaimed by such_ _Compatibilists as Hobbes and Hume. Thus Kant does not make freedom consistent_ _with determinism by (...)
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  31. Miloš Arsenijević (2002). Determinism, Indeterminism and the Flow of Time. Erkenntnis 56 (2):123 - 150.score: 12.0
    A set of axioms implicitly defining the standard, though not instant-based but interval-based, time topology is used as a basis to build a temporal modal logic of events. The whole apparatus contains neither past, present, and future operators nor indexicals, but only B-series relations and modal operators interpreted in the standard way. Determinism and indeterminism are then introduced into the logic of events via corresponding axioms. It is shown that, if determinism and indeterminism are understood in accordance with (...)
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  32. Alexandre Korolev, The Norton-Type Lipschitz-Indeterministic Systems and Elastic Phenomena: Indeterminism as an Artefact of Infinite Idealizations.score: 12.0
    The singularity arising from the violation of the Lipschitz condition in the simple Newtonian system proposed recently by Norton (2003) is so fragile as to be completely and irreparably destroyed by slightly relaxing certain (infinite) idealizations pertaining to elastic phenomena in this model. I demonstrate that this is also true for several other Lipschitz-indeterministic systems, which, unlike Norton's example, have no surface curvature singularities. As a result, indeterminism in these systems should rather be viewed as an artefact of certain (...)
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  33. David Wallace (2002). Time-Dependent Symmetries: The Link Between Gauge Symmetries and Indeterminism. In Katherine Brading & Elena Castellani (eds.), Symmetries in Physics: Philosophical Reflections. CUP. 163--173.score: 12.0
    Mathematically, gauge theories are extraordinarily rich --- so rich, in fact, that it can become all too easy to lose track of the connections between results, and become lost in a mass of beautiful theorems and properties: indeterminism, constraints, Noether identities, local and global symmetries, and so on. -/- One purpose of this short article is to provide some sort of a guide through the mathematics, to the conceptual core of what is actually going on. Its focus is on (...)
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  34. David N. Stamos (2001). Quantum Indeterminism and Evolutionary Biology. Philosophy of Science 68 (2):164-184.score: 12.0
    In "The Indeterministic Character of Evolutionary Theory: No 'Hidden Variables Proof' But No Room for Determinism Either," Brandon and Carson (1996) argue that evolutionary theory is statistical because the processes it describes are fundamentally statistical. In "Is Indeterminism the Source of the Statistical Character of Evolutionary Theory?" Graves, Horan, and Rosenberg (1999) argue in reply that the processes of evolutionary biology are fundamentally deterministic and that the statistical character of evolutionary theory is explained by epistemological rather than ontological considerations. (...)
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  35. Marcel Weber (2005). Indeterminism in Neurobiology. Philosophy of Science 72 (5):663-674.score: 12.0
    I examine different arguments that could be used to establish indeterminism of neurological processes. Even though scenarios where single events at the molecular level make the difference in the outcome of such processes are realistic, this falls short of establishing indeterminism, because it is not clear that these molecular events are subject to quantum mechanical uncertainty. Furthermore, attempts to argue for indeterminism autonomously (i.e., independently of quantum mechanics) fail, because both deterministic and indeterministic models can account for (...)
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  36. Michael Stöltzner (1999). Vienna Indeterminism: Mach, Boltzmann, Exner. Synthese 119 (1-2):85-111.score: 12.0
    The present paper studies a specific way of addressing the question whether the laws involving the basic constituents of nature are statistical. While most German physicists, above all Planck, treated the issues of determinism and causality within a Kantian framework, the tradition which I call Vienna Indeterminism began from Mach’s reinterpretation of causality as functional dependence. This severed the bond between causality and realism because one could no longer avail oneself of a priori categories as a criterion for empirical (...)
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  37. Roksana Alavi (2005). Robert Kane, Free Will and Neuro-Indeterminism. Philo 8 (2):95-108.score: 12.0
    In this paper I argue that Robert Kane’s defense of event-causal libertarianism, as presented in Responsibility, Luck, and Chance: Reflections on Free Will and Indeterminism, fails because his event-causal reconstruction is incoherent. I focus on the notions of efforts and self-forming actions essential to his defense.
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  38. Leslie Graves, Barbara L. Horan & Alex Rosenberg (1999). Is Indeterminism the Source of the Statistical Character of Evolutionary Theory? Philosophy of Science 66 (1):140-157.score: 12.0
    We argue that Brandon and Carson's (1996) "The Indeterministic Character of Evolutionary Theory" fails to identify any indeterminism that would require evolutionary theory to be a statistical or probabilistic theory. Specifically, we argue that (1) their demonstration of a mechanism by which quantum indeterminism might "percolate up" to the biological level is irrelevant; (2) their argument that natural selection is indeterministic because it is inextricably connected with drift fails to join the issue with determinism; and (3) their view (...)
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  39. Daniel Steel (2005). Indeterminism and the Causal Markov Condition. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (1):3-26.score: 12.0
    The causal Markov condition (CMC) plays an important role in much recent work on the problem of causal inference from statistical data. It is commonly thought that the CMC is a more problematic assumption for genuinely indeterministic systems than for deterministic ones. In this essay, I critically examine this proposition. I show how the usual motivation for the CMC—that it is true of any acyclic, deterministic causal system in which the exogenous variables are independent—can be extended to the indeterministic case. (...)
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  40. Nuel Belnap (2012). Newtonian Determinism to Branching Space-Times Indeterminism in Two Moves. Synthese 188 (1):5-21.score: 12.0
    “Branching space-times” (BST) is intended as a representation of objective, event-based indeterminism. As such, BST exhibits both a spatio-temporal aspect and an indeterministic “modal” aspect of alternative possible historical courses of events. An essential feature of BST is that it can also represent spatial or space-like relationships as part of its (more or less) relativistic theory of spatio-temporal relations; this ability is essential for the representation of local (in contrast with “global”) indeterminism. This essay indicates how BST might (...)
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  41. Wesley C. Salmon (1977). Indeterminism and Epistemic Relativization. Philosophy of Science 44 (2):199-202.score: 12.0
    Carl G. Hempel's doctrine of essential epistemic relativization of inductive-statistical explanation seems to entail the unintelligibility of the notion of objective homogeneity of reference classes. This discussion note explores the question of whether, as a consequence, essential epistemic relativization also entails the unintelligibility of the doctrine of indeterminism.
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  42. Robert Brandon, Alan Love, Paul Griffths & Frederic Bouchard, Session 4: Evolutionary Indeterminism.score: 12.0
    Proceedings of the Pittsburgh Workshop in History and Philosophy of Biology, Center for Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh, March 23-24 2001 Session 4: Evolutionary Indeterminism.
     
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  43. John Earman & John D. Norton (1998). Comments on Laraudogoitia's 'Classical Particle Dynamics, Indeterminism and a Supertask'. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 49 (1):123-133.score: 12.0
    We discuss two supertasks invented recently by Laraudogoitia [1996, 1997]. Both involve an infinite number of particle collisions within a finite amount of time and both compromise determinism. We point out that the sources of the indeterminism are rather different in the two cases—one involves unbounded particle velocities, the other involves particles with no lower bound to their sizes—and consequently that the implications for determinism are rather different—one form of indeterminism affects Newtonian but not relativistic physics, while the (...)
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  44. Chuang Liu (1996). Gauge Invariance, Cauchy Problem, Indeterminism, and Symmetry Breaking. Philosophy of Science 63 (3):79.score: 12.0
    The concepts in the title refer to properties of physical theories (which are given, in this paper, a model-theoretic formulation and appropriate idealizations) and this paper investigates their nature and relations. The first three concepts, especially gauge invariance and indeterminism, have been widely discussed in connection to spacetime theories and the hole argument. Since the gauge invariance principle is at the crux of the issue, this paper aims at clarifying the nature of gauge invariance (either in general or as (...)
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  45. Kien-How Goh (2012). Between Determinism and Indeterminism: The Freedom of Choice in Fichte's Das System Der Sittenlehre. European Journal of Philosophy 21 (2):n/a-n/a.score: 12.0
    This paper examines Fichte's conception of the freedom of choice in Das System der Sittenlehre of 1798 as a solution to the dilemma posed by determinism and indeterminism. It show that Fichte does not simply affirm an indifferent power of voluntary choice, but demonstrates how such a power might co-exist with the measure of regularity and lawfulness we normally admit of human choices. Particular choices do not occur at random, but are based on general reasons. These reasons are in (...)
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  46. Roberta L. Millstein (2003). How Not to Argue for the Indeterminism of Evolution: A Look at Two Recent Attempts to Settle the Issue. In Andreas Hüttemann (ed.), Determinism in Physics and Biology. Mentis.score: 12.0
    I examine recent debates in the philosophy of biology over the determinism or indeterminism of the evolutionary process, focusing on two papers in particular: Glymour 2001 and Stamos 2001. I argue that neither of these papers succeeds in making the case for the indeterminism of the evolutionary process, and suggest that what is needed is a detailed analysis of the causal processes at every level from the quantum mechanical to the evolutionary.
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  47. Christopher Evan Franklin (2012). How Should Libertarians Conceive of the Location and Role of Indeterminism? Philosophical Explorations 16 (1):44 - 58.score: 12.0
    Libertarianism has, seemingly, always been in disrepute among philosophers. While throughout history philosophers have offered different reasons for their dissatisfaction with libertarianism, one worry is recurring: namely a worry about luck. To many, it seems that if our choices and actions are undetermined, then we cannot control them in a way that allows for freedom and responsibility. My fundamental aim in this paper is to place libertarians on a more promising track for formulating a defensible libertarian theory. I begin by (...)
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  48. Marcel Weber, Indeterminism in Neurobiology: Some Good and Some Bad News.score: 12.0
    I examine some philosophical arguments as well as current empirical research in molecular neurobiology in order to throw some new light on the question of whether neurological processes are deterministic or indeterministic. I begin by showing that the idea of an autonomous biological indeterminism violates the principle of the supervenience of biological properties on physical properties. If supervenience is accepted, quantum mechanics is the only hope for the neuro-indeterminist. But this would require that indeterministic quantum-mechanical effects play a role (...)
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  49. Tomasz Placek, Nuel Belnap & Kohei Kishida (2013). On Topological Issues of Indeterminism. Erkenntnis:1-34.score: 12.0
    Indeterminism, understood as a notion that an event may be continued in a few alternative ways, invokes the question what a region of chanciness looks like. We concern ourselves with its topological and spatiotemporal aspects, abstracting from the nature or mechanism of chancy processes. We first argue that the question arises in Montague-Lewis-Earman conceptualization of indeterminism as well as in the branching tradition of Prior, Thomason and Belnap. As the resources of the former school are not rich enough (...)
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  50. Marcelo Sabatés (2001). Micro-Level Indeterminism and Macro-Level Determinism. The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 2001:11-18.score: 12.0
    Quantum mechanics, and the micro level indeterminacy it implies, is generally accepted by philosophers. So too naturalism on which macro states are held to supervene on micro states is now orthodox in the philosophy of mind and science. Still, in both fields it is frequently assumed that macro systems evolve deterministically. This assumption is commonly implicit and undefended, though at times it is made explicit and given minimal defense. In neither case is the incompatability of quantum indeterminacy, macro-micro dependence, and (...)
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