Search results for 'Indicator' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Andrew Shaner, Geoffrey Miller & Jim Mintz (2008). Autism as the Low-Fitness Extreme of a Parentally Selected Fitness Indicator. Human Nature 19 (4):389-413.score: 18.0
    Siblings compete for parental care and feeding, while parents must allocate scarce resources to those offspring most likely to survive and reproduce. This could cause offspring to evolve traits that advertise health, and thereby attract parental resources. For example, experimental evidence suggests that bright orange filaments covering the heads of North American coot chicks may have evolved for this fitness-advertising purpose. Could any human mental disorders be the equivalent of dull filaments in coot chicks—low-fitness extremes of mental abilities that evolved (...)
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  2. Christian Geiser, Jacob Bishop, Ginger Lockhart, Saul Shiffman & Jerry L. Grenard (2013). Analyzing Latent State-Trait and Multiple-Indicator Latent Growth Curve Models as Multilevel Structural Equation Models. Frontiers in Psychology 4:975.score: 18.0
    Latent state-trait (LST) and latent growth curve (LGC) models are frequently used in the analysis of longitudinal data. Although it is well-known that standard single-indicator LGC models can be analyzed within either the structural equation modeling (SEM) or multilevel (ML; hierarchical linear modeling) frameworks, few researchers realize that LST and multivariate LGC models, which use multiple indicators at each time point, can also be specified as ML models. In the present paper, we demonstrate that using the ML-SEM rather than (...)
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  3. Terry J. Spencer, Larry Hawkes & Gregory Mattson (1972). Effect of a Forward Indicator on Backward Masking. Journal of Experimental Psychology 93 (2):297.score: 15.0
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  4. Jack A. Adams (1954). Psychomotor Response Acquisition and Transfer as a Function of Control-Indicator Relationships. Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (1):10.score: 15.0
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  5. Egon Noe, Niels Halberg & Jens Reddersen (2005). Indicators of Biodiversity and Conservational Wildlife Quality on Danish Organic Farms for Use in Farm Management: A Multidisciplinary Approach to Indicator Development and Testing. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (4):383-414.score: 14.0
    Organic farming is expected to contribute to conserving national biodiversity on farms, especially remnant, old, and undisturbed small biotopes, forests, and permanent grassland. This objective cannot rely on the legislation of organic farming solely, and to succeed, farmers need to understand the goals behind it. A set of indicators with the purpose of facilitating dialogues between expert and farmer on wildlife quality has been developed and tested on eight organic farms. “Weed cover in cereal fields,” was used as an (...) of floral and faunal biodiversity in the cultivated land, and “uncultivated biotope area” on the farm was used as a general measure of wildlife habitats. Functional grouping of herbaceous plants (discriminating between “high conservation value” plant species and “competitive”/“ruderal” species) and low mobility butterflies were used as indicators of conservation value, especially focusing on the few sites left with considerable remnant conservation value. The dialog processes revealed that the organic farmers’ ideas and goals of conservation of wildlife quality were not necessarily the same as for biologists; the farmers expressed very different opinions on the biological rooted idea, that wildlife quality is related to the absence of agricultural impact. However, farmers also stated that the information given by the indicators and especially the dialogue with the biologist had influenced their perception and awareness of wildlife. We conclude that, combined with a dialogue process, using these indicators when mapping wildlife quality could be an important key component of a farm wildlife management advisory tool at farm level. (shrink)
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  6. James Chase (2004). Indicator Reliabilism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 69 (1):115–137.score: 12.0
    In 'Epistemic Folkways and Scientific Epistemology' Goldman offers a theory of justification inspired by the exemplar account of concept representation. I discuss the connection and conclude that the analogy does not support the theory offered. I then argue that Goldman's rule consequentialist framework for analysis is vulnerable to a problem of epistemic access, and use this to present an analysis of justification as an indicator concept we use to track how well the evaluated agent is doing with respect to (...)
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  7. Luca Incurvati & Peter Smith (2012). Is 'No' a Force-Indicator? Sometimes, Possibly. Analysis 72 (2):225-231.score: 12.0
    Some bilateralists have suggested that some of our negative answers to yes-or-no questions are cases of rejection. Mark Textor (2011. Is ‘no’ a force-indicator? No! Analysis 71: 448–56) has recently argued that this suggestion falls prey to a version of the Frege-Geach problem. This note reviews Textor's objection and shows why it fails. We conclude with some brief remarks concerning where we think that future attacks on bilateralism should be directed.
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  8. Valerie Gray Hardcastle (1994). Indicator Semantics and Dretske's Function. Philosophical Psychology 7 (3):367-82.score: 12.0
    In his Explaining Behavior, Fred Dretske uses a reliabilist theory of representation to try to vindicate the use of intentional explanation for behaviour against latter-day elitninativism. Although Dretske's indicator semantics turns on the notion of function, he himself never explicitly defines what function means. Dretske's reticence in discussing function may ultimately be an error, for, as I argue, his implicit understanding of what a function amounts to does not fit with data from op rant conditioning. Still, this need not (...)
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  9. Vahé A. Kazandjian, Nikolas Matthes & Karol G. Wicker (2003). Are Performance Indicators Generic? The International Experience of the Quality Indicator Project®. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (2):265-276.score: 11.0
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  10. John Tsalikis (2011). The Business Ethics Index as a Leading Economic Indicator. Journal of Business Ethics 99 (4):519 - 653.score: 11.0
    Theoretical justification for the Business Ethics Index (BEI) from the emerging economics of trust literature is discussed. The BEI results for 2007, 2008, and 2009 are presented. While the Personal/Past BEI component shows no significant difference from the previous years, the Vicarious/Past component shows a dramatic drop to levels previously never recorded.However, when it came to the perception of the future business ethical behavior, respondents were significantly more optimistic than in previous measurements.This finding was more than a little surprising given (...)
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  11. Eros Corazza (2004). Essential Indexicals and Quasi-Indicators. Journal of Semantics 21 (4):341-374.score: 10.0
    In this paper I shall focus on Castaneda's notion of quasi-indicators and I shall defend the following theses: (i) Essential indexicals (‘I’, ‘here’ and ‘now’) are intrinsically perspectival mechanisms of reference and, as such, they are not reducible to any other mechanism reference...
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  12. Gordon Hull, Geographic Source Indicators in and as Branding Culture.score: 10.0
    Geographic Indications (GIs) are a form of trademark protection afforded to products that are historically the product of a particular place and production process by restricting use of the name to products that actually come from the place in question; “Champagne” can only come from that region of France, for example. GIs are often proposed as a way to protect indigenous cultural products from Western appropriation: a global GI regime would ensure that “Mysore” silk sarees were produced in India, and (...)
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  13. Justin Martin (2007). Children's Attitudes Toward Superheroes as a Potential Indicator of Their Moral Understanding. Journal of Moral Education 36 (2):239-250.score: 10.0
    McCrary's work in the late 1990s suggested that superheroes influence children's development of moral values. Similarly, Bauer and Dettore advocated adults' and educators' monitoring of children's superhero play to help children foster cooperation and conflict resolution skills. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between children's attitudes toward themselves and their attitudes towards superheroes. Forty?two fourth?grade children (aged 9?11) from a school in Massachusetts completed a questionnaire. Results indicated that participants generally rated themselves and their superhero as (...)
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  14. Marc Alspector-Kelly (2011). Why Safety Doesn't Save Closure. Synthese 183 (2):127-142.score: 9.0
    Knowledge closure is, roughly, the following claim: For every agent S and propositions P and Q, if S knows P, knows that P implies Q, and believes Q because it is so implied, then S knows Q. Almost every epistemologist believes that closure is true. Indeed, they often believe that it so obviously true that any theory implying its denial is thereby refuted. Some prominent epistemologists have nevertheless denied it, most famously Fred Dretske and Robert Nozick. There are closure advocates (...)
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  15. Jody Azzouni (2004). The Derivation-Indicator View of Mathematical Practice. Philosophia Mathematica 12 (2):81-106.score: 9.0
    The form of nominalism known as 'mathematical fictionalism' is examined and found wanting, mainly on grounds that go back to an early antinominalist work of Rudolf Carnap that has unfortunately not been paid sufficient attention by more recent writers.
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  16. M. Textor (2011). Is 'No' a Force-Indicator? No! Analysis 71 (3):448-456.score: 9.0
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  17. Steven Luper-Foy (1987). The Causal Indicator Analysis of Knowledge. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 47 (4):563-587.score: 9.0
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  18. Ari Maunu (2000). A Simple Solution to the Problem of De Se Belief Ascriptions. Communication and Cognition 33 (3-4):199-226.score: 9.0
    I show how a de se belief ascription such as "Privatus believes that he himself is rich" may be dealt with by means of a scope distinction over and above that one separating de dicto and de re ascriptions. The idea is, roughly, that 'Privatus...himself' forms in this statement a unity, a single "spread" sign that is at the same time in a de re and de dicto position. If so, H-N. Castañeda's contention that the "quasi-indicator" 'he himself' ('she (...)
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  19. Mirja Mikkilä (2003). Acceptability of Operations as an Indicator of Corporate Social Performance. Business Ethics 12 (1):78–87.score: 9.0
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  20. Anusorn Singhapakdi, Janet K. M. Marta, C. P. Rao & Muris Cicic (2001). Is Cross-Cultural Similarity an Indicator of Similar Marketing Ethics? Journal of Business Ethics 32 (1):55 - 68.score: 9.0
    This study compares Australian marketers with those in the United States along lines that are particular to the study of ethics. The test measured two different moral philosophies, idealism and relativism, and compared perceptions of ethical problems, ethical intentions, and corporate ethical values. According to Hofstede''s cultural typologies, there should be little difference between American and Australian marketers, but the study did find significant differences. Australians tended to be more idealistic and more relativistic than Americans and the other results were (...)
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  21. L. S. Krause (1937). Relation of Voluntary Motor Pressure Disorganization (Luria) to Two Other Alleged Complex Indicators. Journal of Experimental Psychology 21 (6):653.score: 9.0
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  22. Mirja Mikkila (2003). Acceptability of Operations as an Indicator of Corporate Social Performance. Business Ethics 12 (1):78-87.score: 9.0
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  23. Thomas Smythe (1996). Fawkes on Indicator Words. Inquiry 16 (1):76-77.score: 9.0
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  24. Donald N. Elliott & Eugene G. Singer (1953). The Paintal Index as an Indicator of Skin Resistance Changes to Emotional Stimuli. Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (6):429.score: 9.0
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  25. Don Fawkes (2003). Reliance on Indicator Terms is Not Critical Thinking. Inquiry 21 (3):7-14.score: 9.0
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  26. Vahé A. Kazandjian, Karol Wicker, Sam Ogunbo & Nicole Silverman (2005). Understanding Safer Practices in Health Care: A Prologue for the Role of Indicators. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 11 (2):161-170.score: 9.0
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  27. Diane Lamoureux & Karlis Racevskis (forthcoming). The Student Strike: A Revealing Social Indicator. Theory and Event 15 (3).score: 9.0
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  28. Jacob Neusner (forthcoming). The Historical Event as a Cultural Indicator: The Case of Judaism. History and Theory.score: 9.0
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  29. Theodore E. Parks, Neal E. Kroll, Philip M. Salzberg & Stanley R. Parkinson (1972). Persistence of Visual Memory as Indicated by Decision Time in a Matching Task. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (3):437.score: 9.0
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  30. Verleger Rolf (2011). The Response-Locked P3 Component as Indicator of Pathophysiology in Parkinson's Disease. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 5.score: 9.0
  31. John Tsalikis, Philip L. Shepherd & Bruce Seaton (2011). Erratum To: The Business Ethics Index as a Leading Economic Indicator. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 99 (4):653-653.score: 9.0
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  32. Lea Awai & Armin Curt (2014). Intralimb Coordination as a Sensitive Indicator of Motor-Control Impairment After Spinal Cord Injury. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.score: 9.0
  33. Amanda Ellis-O'Quinn (2012). An Ex Post Facto Study of First-Year Student Orientation as an Indicator of Student Success at a Community College. Inquiry 17 (1):51-57.score: 9.0
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  34. Stefan Frisch, Matthias Schlesewsky, Douglas Saddy & Annegret Alpermann (2002). The P600 as an Indicator of Syntactic Ambiguity. Cognition 85 (3):B83-B92.score: 9.0
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  35. Dale W. Griffin, Erin K. Lipp, Molly R. Mclaughlin & Joan B. Rose (2001). Marine Recreation and Public Health Microbiology: Quest for the Ideal Indicator. Bioscience 51 (10):817.score: 9.0
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  36. George Lăzăroiu (2012). The Reliability of Impact Factor as an Indicator for Journal Quality. Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations 11:115-122.score: 9.0
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  37. C. Rochais, S. Henry, C. Sankey, F. Nassur, A. Góracka-Bruzda & M. Hausberger (2014). Visual Attention, an Indicator of Human-Animal Relationships? A Study of Domestic Horses (Equus Caballus). Frontiers in Psychology 5.score: 9.0
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  38. James E. Rohrer, Ahmed Arif, Anne Denison, Rodney Young & Steve Adamson (2007). Overall Self‐Rated Health as an Outcome Indicator in Primary Care. Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (6):882-888.score: 9.0
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  39. Dietrich R. (2009). The MMN as an Indicator for the Functionality of Auditory Speech Perception. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 3.score: 9.0
  40. Tom Abate (1992). Which Bird Is the Better Indicator Species for Old-Growth Forest? Bioscience 42 (1):8-9.score: 9.0
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  41. Edward H. Bogart (1975). Bimanual Response Asymmetry as an Indicator of Speech Dysfunction. Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 5 (6):483-484.score: 9.0
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  42. Kenneth A. Bollen (2001). Indicator: Methodology. In N. J. Smelser & B. Baltes (eds.), International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences. 7282--7287.score: 9.0
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  43. Stephen A. Bortone & William P. Davis (1994). Fish Intersexuality as Indicator of Environmental Stress. Bioscience 44 (3):165-172.score: 9.0
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  44. Zbigniew Czapla & Grażyna Liczbińska (2013). Height as an Indicator of Economic Status in the Polish Territories Under Russian Rule at the Turn of the 19th to 20th Century. [REVIEW] Journal of Biosocial Science:1-12.score: 9.0
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  45. Peer Ederer, Philipp Schuller & Stephan Willms (2006). 7 The Economic Sustainability Indicator. In Tremmel J. (ed.), The Handbook of Intergenerational Justice. Edward Elgar. 129.score: 9.0
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  46. Dale W. Griffin, Erin K. Lipp, Molly R. Mclaughlin & Joan B. Rose (2001). Marine Recreation and Public Health Microbiology: Quest for the Ideal Indicator This Article Addresses the Historic, Recent, and Future Directions in Microbiological Water Quality Indicator Research. Bioscience 51 (10):817-825.score: 9.0
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  47. Peter Juslin, Anders Winman & Thomas Persson (1995). Can Overconfidence Be Used as an Indicator of Reconstructive Rather Than Retrieval Processes? Cognition 54 (1):99-130.score: 9.0
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  48. Barry H. Kantowitz (1973). Response Force as an Indicant of Conflict in Double Stimulation. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (2):302.score: 9.0
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  49. Willem A. Landman (2003). Corporate Ethics Indicator: Report on the Business Ethics South Africa (Besa) Survey Conducted by Ethicsa in 2002. Ethicsa.score: 9.0
     
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