Search results for 'Individuality' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Mauro Dorato & Matteo Morganti (2013). Grades of Individuality. A Pluralistic View of Identity in Quantum Mechanics and in the Sciences. Philosophical Studies 163 (3):591-610.score: 24.0
    This paper offers a critical assessment of the current state of the debate about the identity and individuality of material objects. Its main aim, in particular, is to show that, in a sense to be carefully specified, the opposition between the Leibnizian ‘reductionist’ tradition, based on discernibility, and the sort of ‘primitivism’ that denies that facts of identity and individuality must be analysable has become outdated. In particular, it is argued that—contrary to a widespread consensus—‘naturalised’ metaphysics supports both (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. Jean Gayon (1996). The Individuality of the Species: A Darwinian Theory? — From Buffon to Ghiselin, and Back to Darwin. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 11 (2):215-244.score: 24.0
    Since the 1970s, there has been a tremendous amount of literature on Ghiselin's proposal that species are individuals. After recalling the origins and stakes of this thesis in contemporary evolutionary theory, I show that it can also be found in the writings of the French naturalist Buffon in the 18th Century. Although Buffon did not have the conception that one species could be derived from another, there is an interesting similarity between the modern argument and that of Buffon regarding the (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Brent D. Mishler & Robert N. Brandon (1987). Individuality, Pluralism, and the Phylogenetic Species Concept. Biology and Philosophy 2 (4):397-414.score: 24.0
    The concept of individuality as applied to species, an important advance in the philosophy of evolutionary biology, is nevertheless in need of refinement. Four important subparts of this concept must be recognized: spatial boundaries, temporal boundaries, integration, and cohesion. Not all species necessarily meet all of these. Two very different types of pluralism have been advocated with respect to species, only one of which is satisfactory. An often unrecognized distinction between grouping and ranking components of any species concept is (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Jack Wilson (1999). Biological Individuality: The Identity and Persistence of Living Entities. Cambridge University Press.score: 24.0
    What makes a biological entity an individual? Jack Wilson shows that past philosophers have failed to explicate the conditions an entity must satisfy to be a living individual. He explores the reason for this failure and explains why we should limit ourselves to examples involving real organisms rather than thought experiments. This book explores and resolves paradoxes that arise when one applies past notions of individuality to biological examples beyond the conventional range, and presents a new analysis of identity (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. Olli Pyyhtinen (2008). Ambiguous Individuality: Georg Simmel on the “Who” and the “What” of the Individual. [REVIEW] Human Studies 31 (3):279 - 298.score: 24.0
    The essay discusses the philosopher and sociologist Georg Simmel’s theorizing about the individual. Whereas it is typically within the context of the modern metropolis and the mature money economy that Simmel’s ideas have been discussed in the secondary literature, I render those ideas in another light by addressing the ontological and existential issues crucial to his conception of the individual. In Simmel, the individual is divided between the “what” and the “who,” between the qualities which make one something individual and (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Marc Ereshefsky & Makmiller Pedroso (2013). Biological Individuality: The Case of Biofilms. Biology and Philosophy 28 (2):331-349.score: 24.0
    This paper examines David Hull’s and Peter Godfrey-Smith’s accounts of biological individuality using the case of biofilms. Biofilms fail standard criteria for individuality, such as having reproductive bottlenecks and forming parent-offspring lineages. Nevertheless, biofilms are good candidates for individuals. The nature of biofilms shows that Godfrey-Smith’s account of individuality, with its reliance on reproduction, is too restrictive. Hull’s interactor notion of individuality better captures biofilms, and we argue that it offers a better account of biological (...). However, Hull’s notion of interactor needs more precision. We suggest some ways to make Hull’s notion of interactor and his account of individuality more precise. Generally, we maintain that biofilms are a good test case for theories of individuality, and a careful examination of biofilms furthers our understanding of biological individuality. (shrink)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. Miri Rozmarin (2005). Power, Freedom, and Individuality: Foucault and Sexual Difference. [REVIEW] Human Studies 28 (1):1 - 14.score: 24.0
    This paper offers a detailed account of Foucaults ethical and political notion of individuality as presented in his late work, and discusses its relationship to the feminist project of the theory of sexual difference. I argue that Foucaults elaboration of the classical ethos of care for the self opens the way for regarding the I-woman as an ethical, political and aesthetic self-creation. However, it has significant limitations that cannot be ignored. I elaborate on two aspects of Foucaults avoidance of (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. Austin Booth (2014). Symbiosis, Selection, and Individuality. Biology and Philosophy 29 (5):657-673.score: 24.0
    A recent development in biology has been the growing acceptance that holobionts, entities comprised of symbiotic microbes and their host organisms, are widespread in nature. There is agreement that holobionts are evolved outcomes, but disagreement on how to characterize the operation of natural selection on them. The aim of this paper is to articulate the contours of the disagreement. I explain how two distinct foundational accounts of the process of natural selection give rise to competing views about evolutionary individuality.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. Roberta De Monticelli (2008). Subjectivity and Essential Individuality: A Dialogue with Peter Van Inwagen and Lynne Baker. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):225-242.score: 24.0
    Each person is perceived by others and by herself as an individual in a very strong sense, namely as a unique individual. Moreover, this supposed uniqueness is commonly thought of as linked with another character that we tend to attribute to persons (as opposed to stones or chairs and even non-human animals): a kind of depth, hidden to sensory perception, yet in some measure accessible to other means of knowledge. I propose a theory of strong or essential individuality. This (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Sarah R. Borden (2010). Thine Own Self: Individuality in Edith Stein's Later Writings. Catholic University of America Press.score: 24.0
    Individual form and relevant distinctions -- Reasons for affirming individual forms -- Types of essential structures -- Types of being -- Principles of individuality -- Individual form and mereology -- Challenges for individual forms -- Alternative accounts of individual form -- An alternative account revisited.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. Samuel Clark (2013). Under the Mountain: Basic Training, Individuality, and Comradeship. Res Publica 19 (1):67-79.score: 24.0
    This paper addresses questions of friendship and political community by investigating a particular complex case, comradeship in the life of the soldier. Close attention to soldiers’ accounts of their own lives, successes and failures shows that the relationship of friendship to comradeship, and of both to the success of the soldier’s individual and communal life, is complex and tense. I focus on autobiographical accounts of basic training in order to describe, and to explore the tensions between, two positions: (1) Becoming (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Warwick Anderson & Ian R. Mackay (2013). Fashioning the Immunological Self: The Biological Individuality of F. Macfarlane Burnet. [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 47 (1):1-29.score: 24.0
    During the 1940s and 1950s, the Australian microbiologist F. Macfarlane Burnet sought a biologically plausible explanation of antibody production. In this essay, we seek to recover the conceptual pathways that Burnet followed in his immunological theorizing. In so doing, we emphasize the influence of speculations on individuality, especially those of philosopher Alfred North Whitehead; the impact of cybernetics and information theory; and the contributions of clinical research into autoimmune disease that took place in Melbourne. We point to the influence (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. T. Puolimatka (2004). Sphere Pluralism and Critical Individuality. Studies in Philosophy and Education 23 (1):21-39.score: 24.0
    While discussing critical individuality as oneof the main goals of liberal education, theemphasis has usually been on direct educationalmeasures. Much less attention has been given tothe social preconditions for its development.This paper discusses the societal aspect of thequestion by employing the notion of spherepluralism. The attempt is to point out someways in which the diversified nature of societycan be employed in its full potential for thedevelopment of critical individuality. Thearticle aims to outline a form of spherepluralism, which is (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Eckart Altenmüller Floris Tijmen Van Vugt, Hans-Christian Jabusch (2013). Individuality That is Unheard Of: Systematic Temporal Deviations in Scale Playing Leave an Inaudible Pianistic Fingerprint. Frontiers in Psychology 4.score: 24.0
    Whatever we do, we do it in our own way, and we recognise master artists by small samples of their work. This study investigates individuality of temporal deviations in musical scales in pianists in the absence of deliberate expressive intention. Note-by-note timing deviations away from regularity form a remarkably consistent "pianistic fingerprint". First, 8 professional pianists played C-major scales in two sessions, separated by fifteen minutes. Euclidian distances between deviation traces originating from different pianists were reliably larger than traces (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Roberta Monticelli (2008). Subjectivity and Essential Individuality: A Dialogue with Peter Van Inwagen and Lynne Baker. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 7 (2):225-242.score: 24.0
    Each person is perceived by others and by herself as an individual in a very strong sense, namely as a unique individual. Moreover, this supposed uniqueness is commonly thought of as linked with another character that we tend to attribute\nto persons (as opposed to stones or chairs and even non-human animals): a kind of depth, hidden to sensory perception, yet in some measure accessible to other means of knowledge. I propose a theory of strong or essential individuality. This theory (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Bruno Gingras, Pierre-Yves Asselin & Stephen McAdams (2013). Individuality in Harpsichord Performance: Disentangling Performer- and Piece-Specific Influences on Interpretive Choices. Frontiers in Psychology 4:895.score: 24.0
    Although a growing body of research has examined issues related to individuality in music performance, few studies have attempted to quantify markers of individuality that transcend pieces and musical styles. This study aims to identify such meta-markers by discriminating between influences linked to specific pieces or interpretive goals and performer-specific playing styles, using two complementary statistical approaches: linear mixed models (LMMs) to estimate fixed (piece and interpretation) and random (performer) effects, and similarity analyses to compare expressive profiles on (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Xabier Barandiaran, E. Di Paolo & M. Rohde (2009). Defining Agency: Individuality, Normativity, Asymmetry, and Spatio-Temporality in Action. Adaptive Behavior 17 (5):367-386.score: 24.0
    The concept of agency is of crucial importance in cognitive science and artificial intelligence, and it is often used as an intuitive and rather uncontroversial term, in contrast to more abstract and theoretically heavy-weighted terms like “intentionality”, “rationality” or “mind”. However, most of the available definitions of agency are either too loose or unspecific to allow for a progressive scientific program. They implicitly and unproblematically assume the features that characterize agents, thus obscuring the full potential and challenge of modeling agency. (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Frédéric Bouchard & Philippe Huneman (eds.) (2013). From Groups to Individuals: Evolution and Emerging Individuality. MIT Press.score: 24.0
    Our intuitive assumption that only organisms are the real individuals in the natural world is at odds with developments in cell biology, ecology, genetics, evolutionary biology, and other fields. Although organisms have served for centuries as nature’s paradigmatic individuals, science suggests that organisms are only one of the many ways in which the natural world could be organized. When living beings work together—as in ant colonies, beehives, and bacteria-metazoan symbiosis—new collective individuals can emerge. In this book, leading scholars consider the (...)
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Erzsébet Rózsa (2012). Modern Individuality in Hegel's Practical Philosophy. Brill.score: 24.0
    Modern individuality is the not-so-secret protagonist of Hegel’s practical philosophy.
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Décio Krause & Jonas R. B. Arenhart (forthcoming). Separability and Non-Individuality: Is It Possible to Conciliate (At Least A Form Of) Einstein's Realism with Quantum Mechanics? Foundations of Physics:1-20.score: 22.0
    In this paper we argue that physical theories, including quantum mechanics, refer to some kind of ‘objects’, even if only implicitly. We raise questions about the logico-mathematical apparatuses commonly employed in such theories, bringing to light some metaphysical presuppositions underlying such apparatuses. We point out to some incongruities in the discourse holding that quantum objects would be entities of some ‘new kind’ while still adhering to the logico-mathematical framework we use to deal with classical objects. The use of such apparatus (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. David N. Stamos (1998). Buffon, Darwin, and the Non-Individuality of Species – a Reply to Jean Gayon. Biology and Philosophy 13 (3):443-470.score: 22.0
    Gayon's recent claim that Buffon developed a concept of species as physical individuals is critically examined and rejected. Also critically examined and rejected is Gayon's more central thesis that as a consequence of his analysis of Buffon's species concept, and also of Darwin's species concept, it is clear that modern evolutionary theory does not require species to be physical individuals. While I agree with Gayon's conclusion that modern evolutionary theory does not require species to be physical individuals, I disagree with (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Romina Surugiu (2010). Nae Ionescu on Democracy, Individuality, Leadership and Nation Philosophical (Re)Sources for a Right-Wing Ideology. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 8 (23):68-81.score: 22.0
    Nae Ionescu is one of the most influential and controversial Romanian thinkers. The present article explores a less used perspective in studying Nae Ionescu’s philosophical, political and journalistic activity: the philosophical roots of his major political ideas. The anti-democratic position of Nae Ionescu was, theoretically explained, by the criticism to Rene Descartes and J.J. Rousseau’s ideas. The individual is supposed to be an instrument of history and nation. Any individualizing tendency is allegedly a betrayal to the nation. Moreover, the leader (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Thomas C. Heller & Christine Brooke-Rose (eds.) (1986). Reconstructing Individualism: Autonomy, Individuality, and the Self in Western Thought. Stanford University Press.score: 21.0
    Introduction THOMAS C. HELLER AND DAVID E. WELLBERY A he essays that follow originated in a conference entitled "Reconstructing Individualism," held at ...
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Charles L. Creegan (1989). Wittgenstein and Kierkegaard: Religion, Individuality, and Philosophical Method. Routledge.score: 21.0
  25. Carlos Másmela (2011). Don Quixote's individuality as grasped by Hegel. [Spanish]. Eidos 8:66-81.score: 21.0
    El objetivo de este artículo consiste en desentrañar, con base en los elementos proporcionados por la Estética, la constitución irónica de la individualidad en la interiorización de los mitos, tal como ocurre en El Quijote. Para realizar esta tarea nos apoyaremos en dos textos de la Fenomenología del espíritu, a saber, “la ley del corazón y el desvarío de la infatuación” y “la virtud y el curso del mundo”, en los cuales se hará corresponder el despliegue que Hegel ejecuta en (...)
    No categories
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. David P. Barash (1997). In Search of Behavioral Individuality. Human Nature 8 (2):153-169.score: 21.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. Uday Singh Mehta (1992). The Anxiety of Freedom: Imagination and Individuality in Locke's Political Thought. Cornell University Press.score: 21.0
  28. Charles Larrabee Street (1926). Individualism and Individuality in the Philosophy of John Stuart Mill. Milwaukee, Morehouse Publishing Co..score: 21.0
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. Michael Lee & Mieczyslaw Wolsan (2002). Integration, Individuality and Species Concepts. Biology and Philosophy 17 (5):651-660.score: 20.0
    Integration (interaction among parts of an entity) is suggested to be necessary for individuality (contra, Metaphysics and the Origin of Species). A synchronic species is an integrated individual that can evolve as a unified whole; a diachronic lineage is a non-integrated historical entity that cannot evolve. Synchronic species and diachronic lineages are consequently suggested to be ontologically distinct entities, rather than alternative perspectives of the same underlying entity (contra Baum (1998), Syst. Biol. 47, 641–653; de Queiroz (1995), Endless Forms: (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. David B. Resnik (1992). Discussion: Leo Buss's the Evolution of Individuality. Biology and Philosophy 7 (4):453-460.score: 20.0
    In his book The Evolution of Individuality, Leo Buss attacks a central dogma of the neo-Darwinian (or synthetic) theory of evolution, the idea that the individual is the sole unit of selection, by arguing that individuals themselves emerged as the result of selective forces that regulated the replication of cell lineages for the benefit of the whole organism. Buss also argues that metazoan developmental patterns and life cycles are the products of selection operating on different units of selection, and (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Ellen Clarke (2011). The Problem of Biological Individuality. Biological Theory 5 (4):312-325.score: 18.0
    Darwin’s classic ‘Origin of Species’ (Darwin 1859) described forces of selection acting upon individuals, but there remains a great deal of controversy about what exactly the status and definition of a biological individual is. Recently some authors have argued that the individual is dispensable – that an inability to pin it down is not problematic because little rests on it anyway. The aim of this paper is to show that there is a real problem of biological individuality, and an (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. Matteo Morganti (2011). Identity in Physics: Statistics and the (Non-)Individuality of Quantum Particles. In H. De Regt, S. Hartmann & S.: Okasha (eds.), EPSA Philosophy of Science: Amsterdam 2009. Springer.score: 18.0
    This paper discusses the issue of the identity and individuality (or lack thereof) of quantum mechanical particles. It first reconstructs, on the basis of the extant literature, a general argument in favour of the conclusion that such particles are not individual objects. Then, it critically assesses each one of the argument’s premises. The upshot is that, in fact, there is no compelling reason for believing that quantum particles are not individual objects.
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. Andre Santos Campos (2010). The Individuality of the State in Spinoza's Political Philosophy. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 92 (1):1-38.score: 18.0
    The place of the State in Spinoza's ontology has emerged in scholarly literature as one of the most complex issues involving Spinoza's political thought. At issue is whether Spinoza's State is an actual individual with its own conatus . Some consider it a completely real individual, others say that its individuality can only be metaphoric, whilst others point out the conceptual insufficiency of this polarity for explaining the ontological status of political aggregates and try to overcome it through new (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. Don Howard, Bas van Fraassen, Otávio Bueno, Elena Castellani, Laura Crosilla, Steven French & Décio Krause (2011). The Physics and Metaphysics of Identity and Individuality. Metascience 20 (2):225-251.score: 18.0
    The physics and metaphysics of identity and individuality Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s11016-010-9463-7 Authors Don Howard, Department of Philosophy and Graduate Program in History and Philosophy of Science, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN 46556, USA Bas C. van Fraassen, Philosophy Department, San Francisco State University, 1600 Holloway Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94132, USA Otávio Bueno, Department of Philosophy, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124, USA Elena Castellani, Department of Philosophy, University of Florence, Via Bolognese 52, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. Ellen Clarke (2012). Plant Individuality: A Solution to the Demographer's Dilemma. Biology and Philosophy 27 (3):321-361.score: 18.0
    The problem of plant individuality is something which has vexed botanists throughout the ages, with fashion swinging back and forth from treating plants as communities of individuals (Darwin 1800 ; Braun and Stone 1853 ; Münch 1938 ) to treating them as organisms in their own right, and although the latter view has dominated mainstream thought most recently (Harper 1977 ; Cook 1985 ; Ariew and Lewontin 2004 ), a lively debate conducted mostly in Scandinavian journals proves that the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. Stanford Goldman (1973). The Mechanics of Individuality in Nature. II. Barriers, Cells, and Individuality. Foundations of Physics 3 (2):203-228.score: 18.0
    The cell theory of Schleiden and Schwann is generalized to the effect that throughout the natural world, in physics, biology, and sociopsychology, there is a widespread phenomenon of the existence of organized cells, whose organization is usually protected by barriers. These barriers exist not only in space, but in time and even in other domains. These barriers typically not only protect the organization within the cell from external disturbance, but they actively participate in reducing the internal disorganization. It appears that (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Steven French (1989). Individuality, Supervenience and Bell's Theorem. Philosophical Studies 55 (1):1 - 22.score: 18.0
    Some recent work in the philosophy of quantum mechanics has suggested that quantum systems can be thought of as non-separable and therefore non-individual, in some sense, in Bell and E.P.R. type situations. This suggestion is set in the context of previous work regarding the individuality of quantal particles and it is argued that such entities can be considered as individuals if their non-classical statistical correlations are understood in terms of non-supervenient relations holding between them. We conclude that such (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. Décio Krause (2010). Logical Aspects of Quantum (Non-)Individuality. Foundations of Science 15 (1):79-94.score: 18.0
    In this paper I consider some logical and mathematical aspects of the discussion of the identity and individuality of quantum entities. I shall point out that for some aspects of the discussion, the logical basis cannot be put aside; on the contrary, it leads us to unavoidable conclusions which may have consequences in how we articulate certain concepts related to quantum theory. Behind the discussion, there is a general argument which suggests the possibility of a metaphysics of non-individuals, based (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. Marcel Quarfood (1999). The Individuality of Species: Some Reflections on the Debate. Synthese 120 (1):89-94.score: 18.0
    The thesis that species are individuals, and not classes as the traditional view had it, has been influential in the last 25 years. In this paper David Hull's arguments for the thesis are surveyed, as well as some counterarguments presented by Philip Kitcher. It is claimed that though species can be conceptualized as individuals, we are not compelled to view them in that way. The importance of the issue seems to have been somewhat exaggerated. However, it might happen that empirical (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. Stephen Mulhall (1998). Species-Being, Teleology and Individuality Part III: Alienation and Self-Realisation the Physiognomy of the Human. Angelaki 3 (1):89 – 100.score: 18.0
    (1998). Species‐being, teleology and individuality part III: Alienation and self‐realisation the physiognomy of the human. Angelaki: Vol. 3, Impurity, authenticity and humanity, pp. 89-100.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Jan Gerrit Strala (2008). Rethinking Individuality. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 18:89-94.score: 18.0
    Kitaro Nishida, a famous Japanese Philosopher and the founder of the Kyoto-School, for the first time in history transformed Zen-Buddhism, which here means especially a Japanese school of Buddhism and whose characteristics consists in its methodological meditation, into a philosophical theory of our existence. On the other hand he transformed western philosophy into a very original form of thought, which at the same time contains oriental elements. As Nishida did the bilateral transformation between western and eastern philosophies, he developed a (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. Hans-Georg Moeller (2004). New Confucianism and the Semantics of Individuality. A Luhmannian Analysis. Asian Philosophy 14 (1):25 – 39.score: 18.0
    This article discusses New Confucian views on individuality and related philosophical problems. Special emphasis is given to the position of Tu Wei-Ming (Du Weiming), a foremost living New Confucian thinker. It is pointed out that many New Confucian philosophers share a vision of a Confucian 'ideal' individuality or selfhood based on social integration - as opposed to a Western type of individuality sometimes portrayed as an individuality by isolation. These patterns of individuality are further (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Steven French & Décio Krause (1995). Vague Identity and Quantum Non-Individuality. Analysis 55 (1):20 - 26.score: 18.0
    Lowe has recently argued that quantum particles offer examples of vague objects. While accepting the premise of the argument that such particles can be regarded as individuals, we point out that there is a lacuna here, to be filled by a detailed analysis of the nature of the entangled states which they enter into. We then elaborate the alternative view, according to which such particles should be regarded as non- individuals' and situate it in the context of recent developments of (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Sebastian Rand (2013). What's Wrong with Rex? Hegel on Animal Defect and Individuality. European Journal of Philosophy 22 (3).score: 18.0
    In his Logic, Hegel argues that evaluative judgments are comparisons between the reality of an individual object and the standard for that reality found in the object's own concept. Understood in this way, an object is bad (ugly, etc.) insofar as it fails to be what it is according to its concept. In his recent Life and Action, Michael Thompson has suggested that we can understand various kinds of natural defect (i.e., defects in living things) in a similar way, and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Jonas Rafael Becker Arenhart & Décio Krause (2013). Why Non-Individuality? A Discussion on Individuality, Identity, and Cardinality in the Quantum Context. Erkenntnis (1):1-18.score: 18.0
    Recently, in the debate about the ontology of quantum mechanics some authors have defended the view that quantum particles are individuals in a primitive sense, so that individuality should be preferred over non-individuality (the alternative option). Primitive individuality involves two main claims: (1) every item is identical with itself and (2) it is distinct from every other item. Non-relativistic quantum mechanics is said to provide positive evidence for that position, since in every situation comprising multiple particles there (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. G. R. Burgio (1993). Biological Individuality and Disease. Acta Biotheoretica 41 (3).score: 18.0
    The concept of predisposition in medicine is ancient, and the term diathesis was used to express it since the days of Hippocrates and, especially, of Galen.The concept of diathesis was enormously popular throughout the nineteenth century, despite the vagueness of its actual meaning. It was clarified only in the early years of the twentieth century (1902), when it was however losing its clinical relevance, by a replacement of the concept ofchemical individuality by A.E. Garrod, followed thirty years later by (...)
    Direct download  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. I. Lowy (2003). On Guinea Pigs, Dogs and Men: Anaphylaxis and the Study of Biological Individuality, 1902-1939. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 34 (3):399-423.score: 18.0
    In 1910, Charles Richet suggested that studying individual variations in anaphylactic responses might both open a way to experimental investigation of the biological basis of individuality and help unify the immunological and physiological approaches to biological phenomena. The very opposite would happen however. In the next two decades, physiologists and immunologists interested in anaphylaxis and allergy experienced more and more difficulties in communicating. This divergence between the physiopathological and immunological approaches derived from discrepancies between the experimental systems used by (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. Marc Ereshefsky (1988). Individuality and Macroevolutionary Theory. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:216 - 222.score: 18.0
    A number of authors have argued that the thesis that species are individuals has important implications for macroevolutionary theory. More specifically, some authors claim that the thesis lends support to the Theory of Punctuated Equilibrium and indicates the existence of species selection. In this paper, I argue that the alleged individuality of species is neither necessary nor sufficient for the truth of that theory or for the existence of species selection. I also argue, contrary to the claims of some, (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. Pierrick Bourrat, Time and Fitness in Evolutionary Transitions in Individuality.score: 18.0
    It is striking that the concept of fitness although fundamental in evolutionary theory, still remains ambiguous. I argue here that time, although usually neglected, is an important parameter in regards to the concept of fitness. I will show some of the benefits of taking it seriously using the example of recent debates over evolutionary transitions in individuality. I start from Okasha's assertion that once an evolutionary transition in individuality is completed an ontologically new level of selection emerges from (...)
    Translate to English
    | Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. Matteo Morganti (2008). Identity, Individuality and Indiscernibility. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 15:167-173.score: 18.0
    This paper deals with the identity and individuality of material objects. In particular, the view that identity is derivative on the qualities of things, based on the endorsement of the Principle of the Identity of the Indiscernibles, is studied in detail. This provides what seems to be a much-needed unitary look at, and up-to-date critical analysis of, the vast literature on the Identity of the Indiscernibles. It is concluded that the ‘reductionist’ view, dating back to Quine and, earlier, to (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000