57 found
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  1. Ingvar Johansson (2007). How Do Non-Joint Commitments Come Into Being? An Attempt at Cultural Naturalism. In Nikolaos Psarros & Katinka Schulte-Ostermann (eds.), Facets of Sociality. Ontos 135--150.
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  2. Ingvar Johansson (1992). Intentionality and Tendency: How to Make Aristotle Up-to-Date. In Kevin Mulligan (ed.), Language, Truth and Ontology. Kluwer 180--192.
  3. Ingvar Johansson (2013). The Ideal as Real and as Purely Intentional: Ingarden-Based Reflections. Semiotica 2013 (194):21-37.
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  4. Ingvar Johansson (1997). The Unnoticed Regional Ontology of Mechanisms. Axiomathes 8 (1):411-428.
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  5. Ingvar Johansson (2012). Hume's Ontology. Metaphysica 13 (1):87-105.
    The paper claims that Hume ’s philosophy contains an ontology, i.e. an abstract exhaustive classification of what there is. It is argued that Hume believes in the existence of a mind-independent world, and that he has a classification of mind-related entities that contains four top genera: perception, faculty, principle and relation. His ontology is meant to be in conformity with his philosophy of language and epistemology, and vice versa. Therefore, crucial to Hume ’s ontology of mind-independent entities is his notion (...)
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  6. Ingvar Johansson (2004). Truthmaking: A Cognition-Independent Internal Relation with Heterogeneous Relata. In Johann Christian Marek & Maria Elisabeth Reicher (eds.), Experience and Analysis: Papers of the 27th International Wittgenstein Symposium. Austrian Ludwig Wittgenstein Society 154--56.
    For many assertions, the correspondence theory of truth seems intuitively to give the best account of the difference between truth and falsity, but one of its problems is how to explicate the notions of “correspondence” and “truthmaking”. In conformity with the view of David Armstrong, it is claimed that truthmaking is an internal relation between a truthmaker and a truth(-value-)bearer. The truthbearer (a token proposition) can exist without the truthmaker (an object or a state of affairs), and vice versa, but (...)
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  7. Ingvar Johansson, Constancy and Circularity in the SI.
    The International System of Units tries to find or construct something that does not change with time and place, since such constancy is the best possible ground for definitions of fundamental measurement units. This problem of constancy has received scant attention within the philosophy of science, but is the topic of the paper. The paper first highlights inevitable kinds of circularities, semantic and epistemic, that belongs to the search for constancy, and then discusses contingent dependencies between unit definitions. The New (...)
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  8.  56
    Ingvar Johansson (1989). Ontological Investigations: An Inquiry Into the Categories of Nature, Man, and Society. Routledge.
    ONTOLOGY This book is a book about the world. I am concerned with ontology, not merely with language. Many ontological treatises concentrate largely on the ...
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  9.  46
    Ingvar Johansson (2000). Determinables as Universals. The Monist 83 (1):101-121.
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  10. Ingvar Johansson (2013). Scattered Exemplification and Many-Place Copulas. Axiomathes 23 (2):235-246.
    Can there be relational universals? If so, how can they be exemplified? A monadic universal is by definition capable of having a scattered spatiotemporal localization of its different exemplifications, but the problem of relational universals is that one single exemplification seems to have to be scattered in the many places where the relata are. The paper argues that it is possible to bite this bullet, and to accept a hitherto un-discussed kind of exemplification relation called ‘scattered exemplification’. It has no (...)
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  11.  44
    Ingvar Johansson (2003). Performatives and Antiperformatives. Linguistics and Philosophy 26 (6):661-702.
    The paper highlights a certain kind of self-falsifying utterance, which I shall call antiperformative assertions, not noted in speech-act theory thus far. By taking such assertions into account, the old question whether explicit performatives have a truth-value can be resolved. I shall show that explicit performatives are in fact self-verifyingly true, but they are not related to propositions the way ordinary assertions are; antiperformatives have the same unusual relation to propositions, but are self-falsifyingly false. Explicit performatives are speech acts performed (...)
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  12.  65
    Ingvar Johansson (2009). Proof of the Existence of Universals—and Roman Ingarden's Ontology. Metaphysica 10 (1):65-87.
    The paper ends with an argument that says: necessarily, if there are finitely spatially extended particulars, then there are monadic universals. Before that, in order to characterize the distinction between particulars and universals, Roman Ingarden’s notions of existential moments and modes (ways) of being are presented, and a new pair of such existential moments is introduced: multiplicity–monadicity. Also, it is argued that there are not only real universals, but instances of universals (tropes) and fictional universals too.
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  13.  23
    Ingvar Johansson (2015). Applied Mereology. Metascience 24 (2):239-245.
    One purely formal discipline, mathematics, permeates modern natural, social, and medical sciences as well as technology and engineering. Another purely formal discipline, formal mereology, has the last decades rapidly grown within philosophy. The obvious question now is: of what use can formal mereology be in the sciences and in engineering? In philosophy, this question has seldom so far been posed, but now there has appeared an anthology in which the editors C. Calosi and P. Graziani rightly state: “It should be (...)
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  14.  9
    Ingvar Johansson (2011). Toutes les relations sont internes — la nouvelle version. Philosophiques 38 (1):219-239.
    Kevin Mulligan a introduit la distinction entre les descriptions épaisses et minces dans la philosophie des relations. Cette distinction lui a permis d’affirmer les thèses suivantes : toutes les relations sont « minces » et internes, et aucune n’est « épaisse » et externe. J’accepte et j’utilise la distinction de Mulligan entre mince et épais afin de soutenir que ce ne sont pas toutes les relations internes qui sont minces. Il existe également des relations internes épaisses, et celles-ci abondent en (...)
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  15.  28
    Ingvar Johansson (2006). The Four-Category Ontology. A Metaphysical Foundation for Natural Science – E. Jonathan Lowe. Dialectica 60 (4):513–518.
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  16.  14
    Ingvar Johansson (2009). Mathematical Vectors and Physical Vectors. Dialectica 63 (4):433-447.
    From a metaphysical point of view, it is important clearly to see the ontological difference between what is studied in mathematics and mathematical physics, respectively. In this respect, the paper is concerned with the vectors of classical physics. Vectors have both a scalar magnitude and a direction, and it is argued that neither conventionalism nor wholesale anti‐conventionalism holds true of either of these components of classical physical vectors. A quantification of a physical dimension requires the discovery of ontological order relations (...)
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  17. Ingvar Johansson (2006). Identity Puzzles And Supervenient Identities. Metaphysica 7 (1):7-33.
     
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  18.  27
    Ingvar Johansson, Barry Smith, Katherine Munn, Nikoloz Tsikolia, Kathleen Elsner, Dominikus Ernst & Dirk Siebert (2005). Functional Anatomy: A Taxonomic Proposal. Acta Biotheoretica 53 (3):153-166.
    It is argued that medical science requires a classificatory system that (a) puts functions in the taxonomic center and (b) does justice ontologically to the difference between the processes which are the realizations of functions and the objects which are their bearers. We propose formulae for constructing such a system and describe some of its benefits. The arguments are general enough to be of interest to all the life sciences.
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  19. Ingvar Johansson & Niels Lynøe (2009). Medicine and Philosophy: A Twenty-First Century Introduction. Ontos Verlag.
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  20.  25
    Ingvar Johansson (2009). A Little Treatise of Forgiveness and Human Nature. The Monist 92 (4):537-555.
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  21.  14
    Ingvar Johansson (2004). Functions, Function Concepts, and Scales. The Monist 87 (1):96-114.
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  22.  48
    Ingvar Johansson (1980). Ceteris Paribus Clauses, Closure Clauses and Falsifiability. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 11 (1):16-22.
    Summary The article argues thatceteris paribus clauses have to be separated from another type of clauses called closure clauses. The former are associated with laws and theories, the latter with test situations of a particular kind. It is also argued that closure clauses, but notceteris paribus clauses, make Popper's falsifiability principle untenable. In that way, it also resolves the quarrel between Popper and Lakatos aboutceteris paribus clauses and falsifiability by saying that both are partly wrong and partly right.
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  23.  29
    Ingvar Johansson (2001). Hartmann's Nonreductive Materialism, Superimposition, and Supervenience. Axiomathes 12 (3-4):195-215.
  24.  36
    Ingvar Johansson & Richard Davis (2006). Is Socrates A Predicate? Metaphysica 7 (2).
    In his Moderate Realism and Its Logic (Yale, 1996), Donald Mertz argues that the traditional ontology of nonpredicable substances and predicable universals is beset by “intractable problems,” “harbors an insidious error,” and constitutes a “stumbling block” for the ontologist. By contrast, a onecategory ontology consisting of relation instances (and combinations thereof) is sustainable, and indeed the only way of avoiding commitment to bare particulars. The success of the project turns on Mertz’s claim that every relation instance has a linking aspect, (...)
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  25.  21
    Ingvar Johansson (1998). Hume's Surprise and the Logic of Belief Changes. Synthese 117 (2):275-291.
    If the logic of belief changes is extended to cover belief states which contain both factual and normative beliefs, it is easily shown that a change of a factual belief (an 'Is') in a mixed belief state can imply a change of a normative belief (an 'Ought') in the same state. With regard to Hume's so-called 'Is-Ought problem', this means that one has to distinguish its statics from its dynamics. When this is done, it becomes clear that changes of factual (...)
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  26.  55
    Ingvar Johansson (2011). John Searle in the Year 2010—Reviews. Metaphysica 12 (1):73-85.
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  27.  8
    Ingvar Johansson (2008). Functions and Shapes in the Light of the International System of Units. Metaphysica 9 (1):93-117.
    Famously, Galilei made the ontological claim that the book of nature is written in the language of mathematics. Probably, if only implicitly, most contemporary natural scientists share his view. This paper, in contradistinction, argues that nature is only partly written in the language of mathematics; partly, it is written in the language of functions and partly in a very simple purely qualitative language, too. During the argumentation, three more specific but in themselves interesting theses are put forward: first (in Section (...)
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  28. Ingvar Johansson (1975). A Critique of Karl Popper's Methodology. Akad. Förl..
     
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  29.  26
    Ingvar Johansson (2013). Review: A.W. Moore, The Evolution of Modern Metaphysics: Making Sense of Things. [REVIEW] Metaphysica 14 (1):127-142.
    I find the book about metaphysics under review an important and remarkable book, some of my very critical remarks notwithstanding. It is divided into three parts of seven chapters each. The parts are called “The Early Modern Period” (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz, Hume, Kant, Fichte, Hegel), “The Analytic Tradition” (Frege, Early Wittgenstein, Later Wittgenstein, Carnap, Quine, Lewis, Dummett), and “The Non-analytic Tradition” (Nietzsche, Bergson, Husserl, Heidegger, Collingwood, Derrida, Deleuze). As can be seen, Moore has with respect to the third group deleted (...)
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  30.  30
    Ingvar Johansson (2007). Continua in Biological Systems. The Monist 90 (4):499-522.
    We defend the fundamental ontological-pragmatic principle that where there are continua in reality science is often forced to make partly fiat terminological delimitations. In particular, this principle applies when it comes to describing biological organisms, their parts, properties, and relations. Human-made fiat delimitations are indispensable at the level of both individuals and the natural kinds which they instantiate. The kinds of pragmatically based ‘fiatness’ that we describe can create incompatibilities and lack of interoperability even between properly designed ontologies, if not (...)
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  31.  14
    Ingvar Johansson (2005). Money and Fictions. In Felix Larsson (ed.), Kapten Mnemos Kolumbarium. Philosophical Communications 73--101.
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  32. Ingvar Johansson (2006). Formal Mereology and Ordinary Language-Reply to Varzi. Applied Ontology 1 (2):157-161.
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  33.  23
    Ingvar Johansson (2010). Fictions and the Spatiotemporal World—in the Light of Ingarden. Polish Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):81-103.
    The paper is an attempt to take Ingarden’s unfinished critique of idealism one step further. It puts forward a schematic solution to the external-world realist’sproblem of how to explain the fact that we can identify and re-identify fictions, entities that in one sense do not exist. The solution contains three proposals: to accept, with Husserl and Ingarden, that there are universals with intentionality (Husserl’s “intentional essences”), to accept, contra Husserl and Ingarden, an immanent realism for universals, and to accept Ingarden’s (...)
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  34.  33
    Ingvar Johansson (2010). Review: Tobias Hansson Wahlberg, Objects in Time. Studies of Persistence in B-Time (2009). [REVIEW] Metaphysica 11 (1):93-94.
  35.  3
    Ingvar Johansson (2014). Proof of the Existence of Universals —From a Fallibilist. In Javier Cumpa, Greg Jesson & Guido Bonino (eds.), Defending Realism: Ontological and Epistemological Investigations. De Gruyter 51-62.
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  36.  8
    Ingvar Johansson (2013). The Basic Distinctions in Der Streit. Semiotica 2013 (194):137-157.
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  37.  12
    Ingvar Johansson (2013). Constitution as a Relation Within Mathematics. The Monist 96 (1):87-100.
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  38.  25
    Ingvar Johansson (2008). Formalizing Common Sense: An Operator-Based Approach to the Tibbles–Tib Problem. Synthese 163 (2):217 - 225.
    The paper argues, that a direct formalization of the way common sense thinks about the numerical identity of enduring entities, requires that traditional predicate logic is developed. If everyday language mirrors the world, then persons, organisms, organs, cells, and ordinary material things can lose some parts but nonetheless remain numerically exactly the same entity. In order to formalize this view, two new logical operators are introduced; and they bring with them some non-standard syntax. One of the operators is called ‘the (...)
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  39.  14
    Ingvar Johansson (1986). Levels of Intension and Theories of Reference. Theoria 52 (1-2):1-15.
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  40.  21
    Ingvar Johansson (2002). Critical Notice of Armstrong's and Lewis' Concepts of Supervenience. SATS: Northern European Journal of Philosophy 3 (1):118-122.
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  41.  2
    Ingvar Johansson (2004). FrontmatterCONTENTSForeword to the Second editionPreface1. Ontology2. Irreductive Materialism3. States of Affairs and Qualities4. Exclusive and Inclusive Qualities5. Actions and Functions6. Patterns, Changes, and Pure Gestalten7. Self-Sustaining Gestalten and Gestalten Causa Sui8. External, Internal, and Grounded Relations9. Existential Dependence10. Container Space and Relational Space11. Tendency12. Efficient Causality13. Intentionality14. Nature: Parts and Wholes Without Intentionality15. Man and Society: Nested Intentionality16. Epistemological PositionsNotesBibliographyIndexAppendix 1: An Aphoristic Summary of Ontological InvestigationsAppendix 2: Determinables as UniversalsAppendix 3: Ontologies and Concepts. Two ProposalsBackmatter: An Inquiry Into the Categories of Nature, Man and Soceity. [REVIEW] In Ontological Investigations: An Inquiry Into the Categories of Nature, Man and Soceity. De Gruyter 1-21.
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  42.  10
    Ingvar Johansson (2008). Christer Svennerlind, Moderate Nominalism and Moderate Realism and Pierre Grenon, On Relations. Metaphysica 9 (2):241-246.
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  43.  8
    Ingvar Johansson (2003). Review of Georg Meggle, (Ed.), Social Facts & Collective Intentionality. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2003 (3).
  44.  9
    Ingvar Johansson (1991). Pluralism and Rationality in the Social Sciences. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 21 (4):427-443.
    This article takes it for granted that science is intrinsically social and that competition is part and parcel of science. Four kinds of competition are distinguished and related to four kinds of rationalities: technological, normal scientific, political, and philosophical. It is argued that science as a whole is rational when there is interaction between the different (sub-) rationalities. Science needs not only different disciplines, but a methodological division of labor.
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  45. Ingvar Johansson (1994). Att idrott skall vara så svårt att förstå. Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 4.
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  46. Ingvar Johansson (1987). Beyond Objectivism and Relativism. Radical Philosophy 47:13-17.
     
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  47. Ingvar Johansson (2002). Critical Notice of Armstrong's and Lewis' Concepts of Supervenience. SATS 3 (1).
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  48. Ingvar Johansson (2008). Formalizing Common Sense: An Operator-Based Approach to the Tibbles–Tib Problem. Synthese 163 (2):217-225.
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  49. Ingvar Johansson (1994). Filosofipolitik inför sekelskiftet. Norsk Filosofisk Tidsskrift 2.
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  50. Ingvar Johansson (forthcoming). Four Kinds of 'Is A'Relation. Applied Ontology: An Introduction, Frankfurt: Ontos.
     
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