Search results for 'Insignificance of Extinction' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Hon-Lam Li & Anthony Yeung (eds.) (2007). New Essays in Applied Ethics: Animal Rights, Personhood and the Ethics of Killing. Palgrave Macmillan.
    This collection of new essays aims to address some of the most perplexing issues arising from death and dying, as well as the moral status of persons and animals. Leading scholars, including Peter Singer and Gerald Dworkin, investigate diverse topics such as animal rights, vegetarianism, lethal injection, abortion and euthanasia.
     
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  2. Brooke Alan Trisel (2004). Human Extinction and the Value of Our Efforts. Philosophical Forum 35 (3):371–391.
    Some people feel distressed reflecting on human extinction. Some people even claim that our efforts and lives would be empty and pointless if humanity becomes extinct, even if this will not occur for millions of years. In this essay, I will attempt to demonstrate that this claim is false. The desire for long-lastingness or quasi-immortality is often unwittingly adopted as a standard for judging whether our efforts are significant. If we accomplish our goals and then later in life conclude (...)
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  3.  1
    William J. Dubin & Donald J. Levis (1973). Generalization of Extinction Gradients: A Systematic Analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (2):403.
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  4.  5
    John Leslie (1996). The End of the World: The Science and Ethics of Human Extinction. Routledge.
    Are we in imminent danger of extinction? Yes, we probably are, argues John Leslie in his chilling account of the dangers facing the human race as we approach the second millenium. The End of the World is a sobering assessment of the many disasters that scientists have predicted and speculated on as leading to apocalypse. In the first comprehensive survey, potential catastrophes - ranging from deadly diseases to high-energy physics experiments - are explored to help us understand the risks. (...)
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  5. Selim Berker (2009). The Normative Insignificance of Neuroscience. Philosophy and Public Affairs 37 (4):293-329.
    It has been claimed that the recent wave of neuroscientific research into the physiological underpinnings of our moral intuitions has normative implications. In particular, it has been claimed that this research discredits our deontological intuitions about cases, without discrediting our consequentialist intuitions about cases. In this paper I demur. I argue that such attempts to extract normative conclusions from neuroscientific research face a fundamental dilemma: either they focus on the emotional or evolved nature of the psychological processes underlying deontological intuitions, (...)
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  6.  5
    M. G. King (1972). Inhibition, Reacquisition, and Extinction of Approach in Rats Following Frustrative Nonreward and Approach-Avoidance Conflict. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (3):360.
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  7.  6
    Dennis G. Dyck, Roger L. Mellgren & Jeffrey A. Seybert (1973). Within-Subject Partial Reinforcement Effects: Differential Extinction Following Nondifferential Percentage of Reinforcement in Acquisition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (3):391.
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  8.  1
    Leonard Poon & Joseph Halpern (1971). A Small-Trials PREE with Adult Humans: Resistance to Extinction as a Function of Number of N-R Transitions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (1):124.
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  9.  5
    Abram Amsel, C. Thomas Surridge & James J. Hug (1969). Number of Food Pellets and the Partial Reinforcement Extinction Effect After Extended Acquisition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):578.
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  10.  2
    J. L. McCloskey & Tom N. Tombaugh (1971). Sucrose Concentration, Constant Delay of Reward, and Resistance to Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (1):128.
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  11.  11
    Julien Delord (2007). The Nature of Extinction. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 38 (3):656-667.
    The phenomenon of species extinction raises more and more concern among ecologists facing the actual crisis of biodiversity. Scientific investigations of the causes and effects of extinction must be completed by a philosophical analysis of the concept of extinction that aims to clarify the meanings of the term ‘extinction’ and to analyse modalities, criteria and degrees of extinction. We will focus our attention on the apparent paradox of the possible ‘resurrection’ of species in the near (...)
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  12.  2
    Wilma Wilson, Elizabeth J. Weiss & Abram Amsel (1955). Two Tests of the Sheffield Hypothesis Concerning Resistance to Extinction, Partial Reinforcement, and Distribution of Practice. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (1):51.
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  13.  3
    Bryce C. Schurr & Willard N. Runquist (1973). Acquisition and Extinction of Human Eyelid Conditioned Response as a Function of Schedule of Reinforcement and Unconditioned Stimulus Intensity Under Two Masked Conditioning Procedures. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):398.
  14.  2
    Robert C. Bolles, Neal E. Grossen, George E. Hargrave & Perry M. Duncan (1970). Effects of Conditioned Appetitive Stimuli on the Acquisition and Extinction of a Runway Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (1):138.
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  15. Dennis J. Delprato (1969). Extinction of One-Way Avoidance and Delayed Warning-Signal Termination. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (1):192.
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  16. Janet A. Donin, C. Thomas Surridge & Abram Amsel (1967). Extinction Following Partial Delay of Reward with Immediate Continuous Reward Interpolated, at 24-Hour Intertrial Intervals. Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (1):50-53.
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  17.  2
    George C. Jernstedt (1968). Effect of Absolute Amount, Mean Amount, and Pattern of Reinforcement on Acquisition and Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (3p1):407.
  18.  2
    Melvin H. Marx (1969). Acquisition and Extinction as a Function of Proportion of Reinforcement in Magazine and Bar-Press Training. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):438.
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  19.  2
    H. E. Klugh (1961). Speed of Running in Extinction as a Function of Differential Goal Box Retention Time. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (2):172.
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  20.  2
    M. Vogel-Sprott (1970). Resistance to Extinction in Human Subjects: Learning Informative Properties of a Blank Trial. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):241.
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  21.  1
    Paul W. Becker (1970). Spatial Relationship to the Goal During Acquisition and Extinction of a Five-Part Response Chain. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):57.
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  22.  1
    Richard Coughlin Jr (1970). Frustration Effect and Resistance to Extinction as a Function of Percentage of Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (1):113.
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  23.  1
    Neal E. Grossen (1969). Resistance to Extinction as a Joint Function of Partial Reward Pattern and Length of Training. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (2p1):385.
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  24.  1
    Dwight R. Kirkpatrick, William B. Pavlik & William F. Reynolds (1964). Partial-Reinforcement Extinction Effect as a Function of Size of Goal Box. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (5):515.
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  25.  1
    Harold D. Fishbein (1967). Effects of Differential Instructions and Number of Acquisition Trials on Extinction and Reacquisition of the Conditioned-Eyelid Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (1):126.
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  26.  1
    E. J. Capaldi & Robert Minkoff (1969). Influence of Order of Occurrence of Non-Reward and Large and Small Reward on Acquisition and Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):156.
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  27. Thomas W. Baker & Douglas W. Schoeninger (1969). Resistance to Extinction of Components in a Compound Stimulus as a Function of the CS1-CS2 Interval and Practice Conditions. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (2p1):304.
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  28. Daniel Fallon (1969). Resistance to Extinction Following Partial Punishment of Reinforced and/or Nonreinforced Responses During Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (1p1):183.
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  29. Neil A. Johnson (1973). Effect of Number of Secondary Reinforcers on Resistance to Extinction in Children. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (2):375.
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  30. John Lamberth & Dennis G. Dyck (1972). Reward Magnitude and Sequence of Magnitudes as Determinants of Resistance to Extinction in Humans. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):280.
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  31. Ronald K. Parker (1967). Effects of Instructions, Schedules of Reward, and Magnitude of Reward on the Discrimination of Acquisition and Extinction Phases of Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (2):210.
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  32. M. Vogel-Sprott (1971). Informative Properties of a Blank Trial: Effect of Environmental Stimuli Associated with Blanks on Resistance to Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):419.
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  33. Guy Kahane (2013). Our Cosmic Insignificance. Noûs 47 (2):745-772.
    The universe that surrounds us is vast, and we are so very small. When we reflect on the vastness of the universe, our humdrum cosmic location, and the inevitable future demise of humanity, our lives can seem utterly insignificant. Many philosophers assume that such worries about our significance reflect a banal metaethical confusion. They dismiss the very idea of cosmic significance. This, I argue, is a mistake. Worries about cosmic insignificance do not express metaethical worries about objectivity or nihilism, (...)
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  34. Max Emil Deutsch (2001). Consciousness and the Insignificance of Materialism. Dissertation, Rutgers the State University of New Jersey - New Brunswick
    Materialism about the mind is the view that the mind and its properties are physical. Many believe that there is a serious problem for materialism about the mind stemming from the phenomenon of conscious experience. It is alleged by some that conscious experiences possess features that cannot be possessed by any physical thing. And, even many materialists agree that conscious experiences possess features that make it difficult to see how conscious experiences could be physical things. Consciousness and the Insignificance (...)
     
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  35. Thom van Dooren (2014). Flight Ways: Life and Loss at the Edge of Extinction. Columbia University Press.
    A leading figure in the emerging field of extinction studies, Thom van Dooren puts philosophy into conversation with the natural sciences and his ethnographic encounters to vivify the cultural and ethical significance of modern-day extinctions. Unlike other meditations on the subject, _Flight Ways_ incorporates the particularities of real animals and their worlds, drawing philosophers, natural scientists, and general readers into the experience of living among and losing biodiversity. Each chapter of _Flight Ways_ focuses on a different species or group (...)
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  36.  28
    Jennifer Ann Bates (2014). Hegel and the Concept of Extinction. Philosophy Compass 9 (4):238-252.
    Part I discusses what kind of ‘advances’ occur in Hegel's works, particularly his Philosophy of Nature. I then discuss evolution and extinction in relation to these advances. I summarize Errol Harris' view that Hegel's advances are consistent with current evolutionary theory and then critique this view using articles by Cinzia Ferinni and Alison Stone. I discuss an alternative, post-Kantian Hegelianism which dialectically unites the nature of our cognition with us as subjects that cognize (spirit). For that, I draw on (...)
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  37.  54
    Joshua Shepherd (forthcoming). The Moral Insignificance of Self-Consciousness. European Journal of Philosophy.
    In this paper I examine the claim that self-consciousness is highly morally significant, such that the fact that an entity is self-conscious generates strong moral reasons against harming or killing that entity. This claim is apparently very intuitive, but I argue it is false. I consider two ways to defend this claim: one indirect, the other direct. The best-known arguments relevant to self-consciousness’s significance take the indirect route. I examine them, and argue that (a) in various ways they depend on (...)
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  38.  50
    Jeremy Bendik-Keymer (2010). Species Extinction and the Vice of Thoughtlessness: The Importance of Spiritual Exercises for Learning Virtue. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (1-2):61-83.
    In this paper, I present a sample spiritual exercise—a contemporary form of the written practice that ancient philosophers used to shape their characters. The exercise, which develops the ancient practice of the examination of conscience, is on the sixth mass extinction and seeks to understand why the extinction appears as a moral wrong. It concludes by finding a vice in the moral character of the author and the author’s society. From a methodological standpoint, the purpose of spiritual exercises (...)
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  39.  7
    Carol Freeman (2007). Imaging Extinction: Disclosure and Revision in Photographs of the Thylacine (Tasmanian Tiger). Society and Animals 15 (3):241-256.
    The thylacine was a shy and elusive nonhuman animal who survived in small numbers on the island of Tasmania, Australia, when European settlers arrived in 1803. After a deliberate campaign of eradication, the species disappeared 130 years later. Visual and verbal constructions in the nineteenth century labeled the thylacine a ferocious predator, but photographs of individuals in British and American zoos that were used to illustrate early twentieth-century zoological works presented a very different impression of the animal. The publication of (...)
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  40.  28
    Shlomo Cohen (2014). The Ethics of De-Extinction. NanoEthics 8 (2):165-178.
    “de-extinction” refers to the process of resurrecting extinct species by genetic methods. This science-fiction-sounding idea is in fact already in early processes of scientific implementation. Although this recent “revival of the dead” raises deep ethical questions, the ethics of de-extinction has barely received philosophical treatment. Rather than seeking a verdict for or against de-extinction, this paper attempts an overview and some novel analyses of the main ethical considerations. Five dimensions of the ethics of de-extinction are explored: (...)
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  41. Virginia Fairfax Sheffeld (1950). Resistance to Extinction as a Function of the Distribution of Extinction Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (3):305.
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  42.  78
    G. Oppy (1997). Discussion. The Philosophical Insignificance of Gödel's Slingshot. Mind 106 (421):121-142.
    This paper is a critical examination of Stephen Neale's *The Philosophical Significance of Godel's slingshot*.
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  43.  32
    Lionel K. McPherson (2002). The Moral Insignificance of ``Bare'' Personal Reasons. Philosophical Studies 110 (1):29 - 47.
    Common sense supports the idea that we can have morally significantreasons for giving priority to the interests of persons for whom wehave special concern. Yet there is a real question about the natureof such reasons. Many people seem to believe that there are biologicalor metaphysical special relations, such as family, race, religion orpersonal identity, which are in themselves morally important and thussupply reasons for special concern. I maintain that there are nogrounds for accepting this. What matters morally, I argue, is (...)
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  44.  2
    David A. Grant, Lowell M. Schipper & Bruce M. Ross (1952). Effect of Intertrial Interval During Acquisition of Extinction of the Conditioned Eyelid Response Following Partial Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (3):203.
  45.  3
    M. R. D'Amato & H. Jagoda (1960). Effects of Extinction Trials on Discrimination Reversal. Journal of Experimental Psychology 59 (4):254.
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  46.  3
    J. M. Felsinger (1944). The Generalization of Extinction Effects Within a Habit Pattern. Journal of Experimental Psychology 34 (6):477.
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  47.  2
    Kenneth B. Holden & Julian B. Rotter (1962). Supplementary Report: A Non-Verbal Measure of Extinction in Skill and Chance Situations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (5):519.
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  48.  1
    Walter C. Stanley (1952). Extinction as a Function of the Spacing of Extinction Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (4):249.
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  49.  2
    John H. Rohrer (1947). Experimental Extinction as a Function of the Distribution of Extinction Trials and Response Strength. Journal of Experimental Psychology 37 (6):473.
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  50.  2
    L. G. Humphreys (1940). The Variability of Extinction Scores in 'Skinner-Box' Experiments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 26 (6):614.
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