Search results for 'Insignificance of Extinction' (try it on Scholar)

1000+ found
Sort by:
  1. Hon-Lam Li & Anthony Yeung (eds.) (2007). New Essays in Applied Ethics: Animal Rights, Personhood and the Ethics of Killing. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 234.0
    This collection of new essays aims to address some of the most perplexing issues arising from death and dying, as well as the moral status of persons and animals. Leading scholars, including Peter Singer and Gerald Dworkin, investigate diverse topics such as animal rights, vegetarianism, lethal injection, abortion and euthanasia.
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  2. William J. Dubin & Donald J. Levis (1973). Generalization of Extinction Gradients: A Systematic Analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (2):403.score: 202.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  3. Brooke Alan Trisel (2004). Human Extinction and the Value of Our Efforts. Philosophical Forum 35 (3):371–391.score: 192.0
    Some people feel distressed reflecting on human extinction. Some people even claim that our efforts and lives would be empty and pointless if humanity becomes extinct, even if this will not occur for millions of years. In this essay, I will attempt to demonstrate that this claim is false. The desire for long-lastingness or quasi-immortality is often unwittingly adopted as a standard for judging whether our efforts are significant. If we accomplish our goals and then later in life conclude (...)
    Direct download (8 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  4. Dennis G. Dyck, Roger L. Mellgren & Jeffrey A. Seybert (1973). Within-Subject Partial Reinforcement Effects: Differential Extinction Following Nondifferential Percentage of Reinforcement in Acquisition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (3):391.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  5. M. G. King (1972). Inhibition, Reacquisition, and Extinction of Approach in Rats Following Frustrative Nonreward and Approach-Avoidance Conflict. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (3):360.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  6. Abram Amsel, C. Thomas Surridge & James J. Hug (1969). Number of Food Pellets and the Partial Reinforcement Extinction Effect After Extended Acquisition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):578.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  7. George C. Jernstedt (1968). Effect of Absolute Amount, Mean Amount, and Pattern of Reinforcement on Acquisition and Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (3p1):407.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  8. M. Vogel-Sprott (1970). Resistance to Extinction in Human Subjects: Learning Informative Properties of a Blank Trial. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):241.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  9. E. J. Capaldi & Robert Minkoff (1969). Influence of Order of Occurrence of Non-Reward and Large and Small Reward on Acquisition and Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):156.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  10. Harold D. Fishbein (1967). Effects of Differential Instructions and Number of Acquisition Trials on Extinction and Reacquisition of the Conditioned-Eyelid Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (1):126.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  11. H. E. Klugh (1961). Speed of Running in Extinction as a Function of Differential Goal Box Retention Time. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (2):172.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  12. Melvin H. Marx (1969). Acquisition and Extinction as a Function of Proportion of Reinforcement in Magazine and Bar-Press Training. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):438.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  13. J. L. McCloskey & Tom N. Tombaugh (1971). Sucrose Concentration, Constant Delay of Reward, and Resistance to Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (1):128.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  14. Leonard Poon & Joseph Halpern (1971). A Small-Trials PREE with Adult Humans: Resistance to Extinction as a Function of Number of N-R Transitions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (1):124.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  15. Bryce C. Schurr & Willard N. Runquist (1973). Acquisition and Extinction of Human Eyelid Conditioned Response as a Function of Schedule of Reinforcement and Unconditioned Stimulus Intensity Under Two Masked Conditioning Procedures. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):398.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  16. Wilma Wilson, Elizabeth J. Weiss & Abram Amsel (1955). Two Tests of the Sheffield Hypothesis Concerning Resistance to Extinction, Partial Reinforcement, and Distribution of Practice. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (1):51.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  17. Thomas W. Baker & Douglas W. Schoeninger (1969). Resistance to Extinction of Components in a Compound Stimulus as a Function of the CS1-CS2 Interval and Practice Conditions. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (2p1):304.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  18. Paul W. Becker (1970). Spatial Relationship to the Goal During Acquisition and Extinction of a Five-Part Response Chain. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):57.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  19. Robert C. Bolles, Neal E. Grossen, George E. Hargrave & Perry M. Duncan (1970). Effects of Conditioned Appetitive Stimuli on the Acquisition and Extinction of a Runway Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (1):138.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  20. Richard Coughlin Jr (1970). Frustration Effect and Resistance to Extinction as a Function of Percentage of Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (1):113.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  21. Dennis J. Delprato (1969). Extinction of One-Way Avoidance and Delayed Warning-Signal Termination. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (1):192.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  22. Janet A. Donin, C. Thomas Surridge & Abram Amsel (1967). Extinction Following Partial Delay of Reward with Immediate Continuous Reward Interpolated, at 24-Hour Intertrial Intervals. Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (1):50-53.score: 174.0
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  23. Daniel Fallon (1969). Resistance to Extinction Following Partial Punishment of Reinforced and/or Nonreinforced Responses During Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (1p1):183.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  24. Neal E. Grossen (1969). Resistance to Extinction as a Joint Function of Partial Reward Pattern and Length of Training. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (2p1):385.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  25. Neil A. Johnson (1973). Effect of Number of Secondary Reinforcers on Resistance to Extinction in Children. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (2):375.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  26. Dwight R. Kirkpatrick, William B. Pavlik & William F. Reynolds (1964). Partial-Reinforcement Extinction Effect as a Function of Size of Goal Box. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (5):515.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  27. John Lamberth & Dennis G. Dyck (1972). Reward Magnitude and Sequence of Magnitudes as Determinants of Resistance to Extinction in Humans. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):280.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  28. Ronald K. Parker (1967). Effects of Instructions, Schedules of Reward, and Magnitude of Reward on the Discrimination of Acquisition and Extinction Phases of Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (2):210.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  29. M. Vogel-Sprott (1971). Informative Properties of a Blank Trial: Effect of Environmental Stimuli Associated with Blanks on Resistance to Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):419.score: 174.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  30. Jennifer Ann Bates (2014). Hegel and the Concept of Extinction. Philosophy Compass 9 (4):238-252.score: 165.3
    Part I discusses what kind of ‘advances’ occur in Hegel's works, particularly his Philosophy of Nature. I then discuss evolution and extinction in relation to these advances. I summarize Errol Harris' view that Hegel's advances are consistent with current evolutionary theory and then critique this view using articles by Cinzia Ferinni and Alison Stone. I discuss an alternative, post-Kantian Hegelianism which dialectically unites the nature of our cognition with us as subjects that cognize (spirit). For that, I draw on (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  31. Jeremy Bendik-Keymer (2010). Species Extinction and the Vice of Thoughtlessness: The Importance of Spiritual Exercises for Learning Virtue. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (1-2):61-83.score: 162.0
    In this paper, I present a sample spiritual exercise—a contemporary form of the written practice that ancient philosophers used to shape their characters. The exercise, which develops the ancient practice of the examination of conscience, is on the sixth mass extinction and seeks to understand why the extinction appears as a moral wrong. It concludes by finding a vice in the moral character of the author and the author’s society. From a methodological standpoint, the purpose of spiritual exercises (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  32. M. R. D'Amato & H. Jagoda (1960). Effects of Extinction Trials on Discrimination Reversal. Journal of Experimental Psychology 59 (4):254.score: 158.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  33. J. M. Felsinger (1944). The Generalization of Extinction Effects Within a Habit Pattern. Journal of Experimental Psychology 34 (6):477.score: 158.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  34. L. G. Humphreys (1940). The Variability of Extinction Scores in 'Skinner-Box' Experiments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 26 (6):614.score: 158.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  35. John H. Rohrer (1947). Experimental Extinction as a Function of the Distribution of Extinction Trials and Response Strength. Journal of Experimental Psychology 37 (6):473.score: 158.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  36. James Deese (1950). The Effect of Extinction Upon Rate of Reconditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (4):488.score: 158.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  37. Winfred F. Hill & Norman E. Spear (1962). Resistance to Extinction as a Joint Function of Reward Magnitude and the Spacing of Extinction Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (6):636.score: 158.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  38. C. T. Perin (1942). Behavior Potentiality as a Joint Function of the Amount of Training and the Degree of Hunger at the Time of Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 30 (2):93.score: 158.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  39. D. G. Ellson (1938). Quantitative Studies of the Interaction of Simple Habits. I. Recovery From Specific and Generalized Effects of Extinction. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 23 (4):339.score: 158.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  40. David A. Grant, Lowell M. Schipper & Bruce M. Ross (1952). Effect of Intertrial Interval During Acquisition of Extinction of the Conditioned Eyelid Response Following Partial Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (3):203.score: 158.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  41. Kenneth B. Holden & Julian B. Rotter (1962). Supplementary Report: A Non-Verbal Measure of Extinction in Skill and Chance Situations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (5):519.score: 158.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  42. J. W. Kling (1952). Generalization of Extinction of an Instrumental Response to Stimuli Varying in the Size Dimension. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (5):339.score: 158.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  43. Virginia Fairfax Sheffeld (1950). Resistance to Extinction as a Function of the Distribution of Extinction Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (3):305.score: 158.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  44. Walter C. Stanley (1952). Extinction as a Function of the Spacing of Extinction Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (4):249.score: 158.0
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  45. Shlomo Cohen (2014). The Ethics of De-Extinction. NanoEthics 8 (2):165-178.score: 156.0
    “de-extinction” refers to the process of resurrecting extinct species by genetic methods. This science-fiction-sounding idea is in fact already in early processes of scientific implementation. Although this recent “revival of the dead” raises deep ethical questions, the ethics of de-extinction has barely received philosophical treatment. Rather than seeking a verdict for or against de-extinction, this paper attempts an overview and some novel analyses of the main ethical considerations. Five dimensions of the ethics of de-extinction are explored: (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  46. Stéphane Jacobs, Claudio Brozzoli, Fadila Hadj-Bouziane, Martine Meunier & Alessandro Farnè (2011). Studying Multisensory Processing and Its Role in the Representation of Space Through Pathological and Physiological Crossmodal Extinction. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 156.0
    The study of crossmodal extinction has brought a considerable contribution to our understanding of how the integration of stimuli perceived in multiple sensory modalities is used by the nervous system to build coherent representations of the space that directly surrounds us. Indeed, by revealing interferences between stimuli in a disturbed system, extinction provides an invaluable opportunity to investigate the interactions that normally exist between those stimuli in an intact system. Here, we first review studies on pathological crossmodal (...), from the original demonstration of its existence, to its role in the exploration of the multisensory neural representation of space and the current theoretical accounts proposed to explain the mechanisms involved in extinction and multisensory competition. Then, in the second part of this paper, we report recent findings showing that physiological multisensory competition phenomena resembling clinical crossmodal extinction exist in the healthy brain. We propose that the development of a physiological model of sensory competition is fundamental to deepen our understanding of the cerebral mechanisms of multisensory perception and integration. In addition, a similar approach to develop a model of physiological sensory competition in nonhuman primates should allow combining functional neuroimaging with more invasive techniques, such as transient focal lesions, in order to bridge the gap between works done in the two species and at different levels of analysis. (shrink)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  47. [deleted]A. Maravita, M. Cigada & L. Posteraro (2011). Talking to the Senses: Modulation of Tactile Extinction Through Hypnotic Suggestion. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6:210-210.score: 156.0
    Brain damage can significantly impair the processing of sensory events. In particular, patients affected by extinction to double bilateral stimulations, show reduced awareness of stimuli delivered in the space contralateral to the brain lesion, when these are presented in competition with ipsilesional ones. The present work shows that hypnotic suggestion can temporarily improve tactile extinction. Patient EB showed an improved detection of contralesional targets after a single 20-minute hypnosis session, during which specific suggestions were delivered with the aim (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  48. [deleted]Leon Y. Deouell, Diana Deutsch, Donatella Scabini, Nachum Soroker & Robert T. Knight (2007). No Disillusions in Auditory Extinction: Perceiving a Melody Comprised of Unperceived Notes. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2.score: 156.0
    The formation of coherent percepts requires grouping together spatio-temporally disparate sensory inputs. Two major questions arise: (1) is awareness necessary for this process; and (2) can non-conscious elements of the sensory input be grouped into a conscious perceptµ To address this question, we tested two patients suffering from severe left auditory extinction following right hemisphere damage. In extinction, patients are unaware of the presence of left side stimuli when they are presented simultaneously with right side stimuli. We used (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  49. [deleted]Georg Kerkhoff Lena Schmidt, Kathrin S. Utz, Lena Depper, Michaela Adams, Anna-Katharina Schaadt, Stefan Reinhart (2013). Now You Feel Both: Galvanic Vestibular Stimulation Induces Lasting Improvements in the Rehabilitation of Chronic Tactile Extinction. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.score: 156.0
    Tactile extinction is frequent, debilitating and often persistent after brain damage. Currently, there is no treatment available for this disorder. In two previous case studies we showed an influence of galvanic vestibular stimulation (GVS) on tactile extinction. Here, we evaluated in further patients the immediate and lasting effects of GVS on tactile extinction. GVS is known to induce polarity-specific changes in cerebral excitability in the vestibular cortices and adjacent cortical areas. Tactile extinction was examined with the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
  50. [deleted]C. F. Sambo, G. Vallar, P. Fortis, R. Ronchi, L. Posteraro, B. Forster & A. Maravita (2011). Visual and Spatial Modulation of Tactile Extinction: Behavioural and Electrophysiological Evidence. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6:217-217.score: 156.0
    Crossing the hands over the midline reduces left tactile extinction to double simultaneous stimulation in right-brain-damaged patients, suggesting that spatial-attentional biases towards the ipsilesional (right) side of space contribute to the patients’ contralesional (left) deficit. We investigated (1) whether the position of the left hand, and its vision, affected processing speed of tactile stimuli, and (2) the electrophysiological underpinnings of the effect of hand position. (1) Four right-brain-damaged patients with spatial neglect and contralesional left tactile extinction or somatosensory (...)
    Direct download (9 more)  
     
    My bibliography  
     
    Export citation  
1 — 50 / 1000