Search results for 'Insignificance of Extinction' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  0 DLs
    Hon-Lam Li & Anthony Yeung (eds.) (2007). New Essays in Applied Ethics: Animal Rights, Personhood and the Ethics of Killing. Palgrave Macmillan.score: 234.0
    This collection of new essays aims to address some of the most perplexing issues arising from death and dying, as well as the moral status of persons and animals. Leading scholars, including Peter Singer and Gerald Dworkin, investigate diverse topics such as animal rights, vegetarianism, lethal injection, abortion and euthanasia.
     
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  2.  794 DLs
    Brooke Alan Trisel (2004). Human Extinction and the Value of Our Efforts. Philosophical Forum 35 (3):371–391.score: 207.2
    Some people feel distressed reflecting on human extinction. Some people even claim that our efforts and lives would be empty and pointless if humanity becomes extinct, even if this will not occur for millions of years. In this essay, I will attempt to demonstrate that this claim is false. The desire for long-lastingness or quasi-immortality is often unwittingly adopted as a standard for judging whether our efforts are significant. If we accomplish our goals and then later in life conclude (...)
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  3.  1 DLs
    William J. Dubin & Donald J. Levis (1973). Generalization of Extinction Gradients: A Systematic Analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (2):403.score: 202.0
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  4.  6 DLs
    Dennis G. Dyck, Roger L. Mellgren & Jeffrey A. Seybert (1973). Within-Subject Partial Reinforcement Effects: Differential Extinction Following Nondifferential Percentage of Reinforcement in Acquisition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 97 (3):391.score: 174.1
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  5.  4 DLs
    Abram Amsel, C. Thomas Surridge & James J. Hug (1969). Number of Food Pellets and the Partial Reinforcement Extinction Effect After Extended Acquisition. Journal of Experimental Psychology 82 (3):578.score: 174.1
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  6.  4 DLs
    M. G. King (1972). Inhibition, Reacquisition, and Extinction of Approach in Rats Following Frustrative Nonreward and Approach-Avoidance Conflict. Journal of Experimental Psychology 92 (3):360.score: 174.1
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  7.  3 DLs
    Bryce C. Schurr & Willard N. Runquist (1973). Acquisition and Extinction of Human Eyelid Conditioned Response as a Function of Schedule of Reinforcement and Unconditioned Stimulus Intensity Under Two Masked Conditioning Procedures. Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):398.score: 174.1
  8.  2 DLs
    Robert C. Bolles, Neal E. Grossen, George E. Hargrave & Perry M. Duncan (1970). Effects of Conditioned Appetitive Stimuli on the Acquisition and Extinction of a Runway Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 85 (1):138.score: 174.0
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  9.  2 DLs
    George C. Jernstedt (1968). Effect of Absolute Amount, Mean Amount, and Pattern of Reinforcement on Acquisition and Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 77 (3p1):407.score: 174.0
  10.  2 DLs
    H. E. Klugh (1961). Speed of Running in Extinction as a Function of Differential Goal Box Retention Time. Journal of Experimental Psychology 61 (2):172.score: 174.0
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  11.  2 DLs
    Melvin H. Marx (1969). Acquisition and Extinction as a Function of Proportion of Reinforcement in Magazine and Bar-Press Training. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (3p1):438.score: 174.0
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  12.  2 DLs
    M. Vogel-Sprott (1970). Resistance to Extinction in Human Subjects: Learning Informative Properties of a Blank Trial. Journal of Experimental Psychology 86 (2):241.score: 174.0
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  13.  2 DLs
    Wilma Wilson, Elizabeth J. Weiss & Abram Amsel (1955). Two Tests of the Sheffield Hypothesis Concerning Resistance to Extinction, Partial Reinforcement, and Distribution of Practice. Journal of Experimental Psychology 50 (1):51.score: 174.0
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  14.  1 DLs
    Paul W. Becker (1970). Spatial Relationship to the Goal During Acquisition and Extinction of a Five-Part Response Chain. Journal of Experimental Psychology 83 (1p1):57.score: 174.0
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  15.  1 DLs
    E. J. Capaldi & Robert Minkoff (1969). Influence of Order of Occurrence of Non-Reward and Large and Small Reward on Acquisition and Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 81 (1):156.score: 174.0
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  16.  1 DLs
    Richard Coughlin Jr (1970). Frustration Effect and Resistance to Extinction as a Function of Percentage of Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 84 (1):113.score: 174.0
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  17.  1 DLs
    Harold D. Fishbein (1967). Effects of Differential Instructions and Number of Acquisition Trials on Extinction and Reacquisition of the Conditioned-Eyelid Response. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (1):126.score: 174.0
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  18.  1 DLs
    Neal E. Grossen (1969). Resistance to Extinction as a Joint Function of Partial Reward Pattern and Length of Training. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (2p1):385.score: 174.0
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  19.  1 DLs
    Dwight R. Kirkpatrick, William B. Pavlik & William F. Reynolds (1964). Partial-Reinforcement Extinction Effect as a Function of Size of Goal Box. Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (5):515.score: 174.0
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  20.  1 DLs
    J. L. McCloskey & Tom N. Tombaugh (1971). Sucrose Concentration, Constant Delay of Reward, and Resistance to Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (1):128.score: 174.0
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  21.  1 DLs
    Leonard Poon & Joseph Halpern (1971). A Small-Trials PREE with Adult Humans: Resistance to Extinction as a Function of Number of N-R Transitions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 91 (1):124.score: 174.0
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  22.  0 DLs
    Thomas W. Baker & Douglas W. Schoeninger (1969). Resistance to Extinction of Components in a Compound Stimulus as a Function of the CS1-CS2 Interval and Practice Conditions. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (2p1):304.score: 174.0
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  23.  0 DLs
    Dennis J. Delprato (1969). Extinction of One-Way Avoidance and Delayed Warning-Signal Termination. Journal of Experimental Psychology 80 (1):192.score: 174.0
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  24.  0 DLs
    Janet A. Donin, C. Thomas Surridge & Abram Amsel (1967). Extinction Following Partial Delay of Reward with Immediate Continuous Reward Interpolated, at 24-Hour Intertrial Intervals. Journal of Experimental Psychology 74 (1):50-53.score: 174.0
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  25.  0 DLs
    Daniel Fallon (1969). Resistance to Extinction Following Partial Punishment of Reinforced and/or Nonreinforced Responses During Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 79 (1p1):183.score: 174.0
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  26.  0 DLs
    Neil A. Johnson (1973). Effect of Number of Secondary Reinforcers on Resistance to Extinction in Children. Journal of Experimental Psychology 100 (2):375.score: 174.0
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  27.  0 DLs
    John Lamberth & Dennis G. Dyck (1972). Reward Magnitude and Sequence of Magnitudes as Determinants of Resistance to Extinction in Humans. Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):280.score: 174.0
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  28.  0 DLs
    Ronald K. Parker (1967). Effects of Instructions, Schedules of Reward, and Magnitude of Reward on the Discrimination of Acquisition and Extinction Phases of Learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 75 (2):210.score: 174.0
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  29.  0 DLs
    M. Vogel-Sprott (1971). Informative Properties of a Blank Trial: Effect of Environmental Stimuli Associated with Blanks on Resistance to Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 89 (2):419.score: 174.0
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  30.  984 DLs
    Guy Kahane (2013). Our Cosmic Insignificance. Noûs 47 (2):745-772.score: 168.1
    The universe that surrounds us is vast, and we are so very small. When we reflect on the vastness of the universe, our humdrum cosmic location, and the inevitable future demise of humanity, our lives can seem utterly insignificant. Many philosophers assume that such worries about our significance reflect a banal metaethical confusion. They dismiss the very idea of cosmic significance. This, I argue, is a mistake. Worries about cosmic insignificance do not express metaethical worries about objectivity or nihilism, (...)
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  31.  27 DLs
    Jennifer Ann Bates (2014). Hegel and the Concept of Extinction. Philosophy Compass 9 (4):238-252.score: 165.8
    Part I discusses what kind of ‘advances’ occur in Hegel's works, particularly his Philosophy of Nature. I then discuss evolution and extinction in relation to these advances. I summarize Errol Harris' view that Hegel's advances are consistent with current evolutionary theory and then critique this view using articles by Cinzia Ferinni and Alison Stone. I discuss an alternative, post-Kantian Hegelianism which dialectically unites the nature of our cognition with us as subjects that cognize (spirit). For that, I draw on (...)
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  32.  33 DLs
    Jeremy Bendik-Keymer (2010). Species Extinction and the Vice of Thoughtlessness: The Importance of Spiritual Exercises for Learning Virtue. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (1-2):61-83.score: 162.5
    In this paper, I present a sample spiritual exercise—a contemporary form of the written practice that ancient philosophers used to shape their characters. The exercise, which develops the ancient practice of the examination of conscience, is on the sixth mass extinction and seeks to understand why the extinction appears as a moral wrong. It concludes by finding a vice in the moral character of the author and the author’s society. From a methodological standpoint, the purpose of spiritual exercises (...)
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  33.  2138 DLs
    Selim Berker (2009). The Normative Insignificance of Neuroscience. Philosophy and Public Affairs 37 (4):293-329.score: 160.6
    It has been claimed that the recent wave of neuroscientific research into the physiological underpinnings of our moral intuitions has normative implications. In particular, it has been claimed that this research discredits our deontological intuitions about cases, without discrediting our consequentialist intuitions about cases. In this paper I demur. I argue that such attempts to extract normative conclusions from neuroscientific research face a fundamental dilemma: either they focus on the emotional or evolved nature of the psychological processes underlying deontological intuitions, (...)
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  34.  3 DLs
    M. R. D'Amato & H. Jagoda (1960). Effects of Extinction Trials on Discrimination Reversal. Journal of Experimental Psychology 59 (4):254.score: 158.0
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  35.  3 DLs
    J. M. Felsinger (1944). The Generalization of Extinction Effects Within a Habit Pattern. Journal of Experimental Psychology 34 (6):477.score: 158.0
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  36.  2 DLs
    Kenneth B. Holden & Julian B. Rotter (1962). Supplementary Report: A Non-Verbal Measure of Extinction in Skill and Chance Situations. Journal of Experimental Psychology 63 (5):519.score: 158.0
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  37.  2 DLs
    L. G. Humphreys (1940). The Variability of Extinction Scores in 'Skinner-Box' Experiments. Journal of Experimental Psychology 26 (6):614.score: 158.0
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  38.  2 DLs
    John H. Rohrer (1947). Experimental Extinction as a Function of the Distribution of Extinction Trials and Response Strength. Journal of Experimental Psychology 37 (6):473.score: 158.0
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  39.  1 DLs
    James Deese (1950). The Effect of Extinction Upon Rate of Reconditioning. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (4):488.score: 158.0
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  40.  1 DLs
    Winfred F. Hill & Norman E. Spear (1962). Resistance to Extinction as a Joint Function of Reward Magnitude and the Spacing of Extinction Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 64 (6):636.score: 158.0
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  41.  1 DLs
    C. T. Perin (1942). Behavior Potentiality as a Joint Function of the Amount of Training and the Degree of Hunger at the Time of Extinction. Journal of Experimental Psychology 30 (2):93.score: 158.0
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  42.  0 DLs
    D. G. Ellson (1938). Quantitative Studies of the Interaction of Simple Habits. I. Recovery From Specific and Generalized Effects of Extinction. [REVIEW] Journal of Experimental Psychology 23 (4):339.score: 158.0
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  43.  0 DLs
    David A. Grant, Lowell M. Schipper & Bruce M. Ross (1952). Effect of Intertrial Interval During Acquisition of Extinction of the Conditioned Eyelid Response Following Partial Reinforcement. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (3):203.score: 158.0
  44.  0 DLs
    J. W. Kling (1952). Generalization of Extinction of an Instrumental Response to Stimuli Varying in the Size Dimension. Journal of Experimental Psychology 44 (5):339.score: 158.0
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  45.  0 DLs
    Virginia Fairfax Sheffeld (1950). Resistance to Extinction as a Function of the Distribution of Extinction Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 40 (3):305.score: 158.0
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  46.  0 DLs
    Walter C. Stanley (1952). Extinction as a Function of the Spacing of Extinction Trials. Journal of Experimental Psychology 43 (4):249.score: 158.0
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  47.  14 DLs
    Shlomo Cohen (2014). The Ethics of De-Extinction. NanoEthics 8 (2):165-178.score: 156.2
    “de-extinction” refers to the process of resurrecting extinct species by genetic methods. This science-fiction-sounding idea is in fact already in early processes of scientific implementation. Although this recent “revival of the dead” raises deep ethical questions, the ethics of de-extinction has barely received philosophical treatment. Rather than seeking a verdict for or against de-extinction, this paper attempts an overview and some novel analyses of the main ethical considerations. Five dimensions of the ethics of de-extinction are explored: (...)
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  48.  4 DLs
    [deleted]Stéphane Jacobs, Claudio Brozzoli, Fadila Hadj-Bouziane, Martine Meunier & Alessandro Farnè (2011). Studying Multisensory Processing and Its Role in the Representation of Space Through Pathological and Physiological Crossmodal Extinction. Frontiers in Psychology 2.score: 156.1
    The study of crossmodal extinction has brought a considerable contribution to our understanding of how the integration of stimuli perceived in multiple sensory modalities is used by the nervous system to build coherent representations of the space that directly surrounds us. Indeed, by revealing interferences between stimuli in a disturbed system, extinction provides an invaluable opportunity to investigate the interactions that normally exist between those stimuli in an intact system. Here, we first review studies on pathological crossmodal (...), from the original demonstration of its existence, to its role in the exploration of the multisensory neural representation of space and the current theoretical accounts proposed to explain the mechanisms involved in extinction and multisensory competition. Then, in the second part of this paper, we report recent findings showing that physiological multisensory competition phenomena resembling clinical crossmodal extinction exist in the healthy brain. We propose that the development of a physiological model of sensory competition is fundamental to deepen our understanding of the cerebral mechanisms of multisensory perception and integration. In addition, a similar approach to develop a model of physiological sensory competition in nonhuman primates should allow combining functional neuroimaging with more invasive techniques, such as transient focal lesions, in order to bridge the gap between works done in the two species and at different levels of analysis. (shrink)
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  49.  2 DLs
    [deleted]A. Maravita, M. Cigada & L. Posteraro (2011). Talking to the Senses: Modulation of Tactile Extinction Through Hypnotic Suggestion. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6:210-210.score: 156.0
    Brain damage can significantly impair the processing of sensory events. In particular, patients affected by extinction to double bilateral stimulations, show reduced awareness of stimuli delivered in the space contralateral to the brain lesion, when these are presented in competition with ipsilesional ones. The present work shows that hypnotic suggestion can temporarily improve tactile extinction. Patient EB showed an improved detection of contralesional targets after a single 20-minute hypnosis session, during which specific suggestions were delivered with the aim (...)
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  50.  1 DLs
    [deleted]Leon Y. Deouell, Diana Deutsch, Donatella Scabini, Nachum Soroker & Robert T. Knight (2007). No Disillusions in Auditory Extinction: Perceiving a Melody Comprised of Unperceived Notes. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 2.score: 156.0
    The formation of coherent percepts requires grouping together spatio-temporally disparate sensory inputs. Two major questions arise: (1) is awareness necessary for this process; and (2) can non-conscious elements of the sensory input be grouped into a conscious perceptµ To address this question, we tested two patients suffering from severe left auditory extinction following right hemisphere damage. In extinction, patients are unaware of the presence of left side stimuli when they are presented simultaneously with right side stimuli. We used (...)
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