Search results for 'Internationality' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Christina Gabriel & Laura Macdonald (1994). Women's Transnational Organizing in the Context of NAFTA: Forging Feminist Internationality'. Millennium 23 (3):535-562.score: 9.0
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  2. Malcolm Richardson (1990). Philanthropy and the Internationality of Learning: The Rockefeller Foundation and National Socialist Germany. [REVIEW] Minerva 28 (1):21-58.score: 9.0
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  3. Geert J. Somsen (2008). A History of Universalism: Conceptions of the Internationality of Science From the Enlightenment to the Cold War. [REVIEW] Minerva 46 (3):361-379.score: 9.0
    That science is fundamentally universal has been proclaimed innumerable times. But the precise geographical meaning of this universality has changed historically. This article examines conceptions of scientific internationalism from the Enlightenment to the Cold War, and their varying relations to cosmopolitanism, nationalism, socialism, and ‘the West’. These views are confronted with recent tendencies to cast science as a uniquely European product.
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  4. James V. Lavery (ed.) (2007). Ethical Issues in International Biomedical Research: A Casebook. Oxford University Press.score: 6.0
    No other volume has this scope. Students in bioethics, public and international health, and ethics will find this book particularly useful.
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  5. Ruth Macklin (2003). Bioethics, Vulnerability, and Protection. Bioethics 17 (5-6):472--486.score: 6.0
    What makes individuals, groups, or even entire countries vulnerable? And why is vulnerability a concern in bioethics? A simple answer to both questions is that vulnerable individuals and groups are subject to exploitation, and exploitation is morally wrong. This analysis is limited to two areas. First is the context of multinational research, in which vulnerable people can be exploited even if they are not harmed, and harmed even if they are not exploited. Second is the situation of women, who are (...)
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  6. Paquita De Zulueta (2001). Randomised Placebo-Controlled Trials and HIV-Infected Pregnant Women in Developing Countries. Ethical Imperialism or Unethical Exploitation. Bioethics 15 (4):289–311.score: 6.0
    In this paper, I provide a brief summary of the context, outline the arguments for and against the controversial use of placebo controls, and focus on particular areas that I believe merit further discussion or clarification. On balance, I argue that the researchers failed in their duties to protect the best interests of their research subjects, and to promote distributive justice. I discuss the difficulties of obtaining valid consent in this research context, and argue that it is unethical to inform (...)
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  7. D. J. Galton & C. J. Galton (1998). Francis Galton: And Eugenics Today. Journal of Medical Ethics 24 (2):99-105.score: 6.0
    Eugenics can be defined as the use of science applied to the qualitative and quantitative improvement of the human genome. The subject was initiated by Francis Galton with considerable support from Charles Darwin in the latter half of the 19th century. Its scope has increased enormously since the recent revolution in molecular genetics. Genetic files can be easily obtained for individuals either antenatally or at birth; somatic gene therapy has been introduced for some rare inborn errors of metabolism; and gene (...)
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  8. R. Dal-Re, J. Espada & R. Ortega (1999). Performance of Research Ethics Committees in Spain. A Prospective Study of 100 Applications for Clinical Trial Protocols on Medicines. Journal of Medical Ethics 25 (3):268-273.score: 6.0
    OBJECTIVES: To review the characteristics and performance of research ethics committees in Spain in the evaluation of multicentre clinical trial drug protocols. DESIGN: A prospective study of 100 applications. SETTING: Forty-one committees reviewing clinical trial protocols, involving 50 hospitals in 25 cities. MAIN MEASURES: Protocol-related features, characteristics of research ethics committees and evaluation dynamics. RESULTS: The 100 applications involved 15 protocols (of which 12 were multinational) with 12 drugs. Committees met monthly (except one). They had a mean number of 12 (...)
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  9. Søren Holm & Bryn Williams-Jones (2006). Global Bioethics – Myth or Reality? BMC Medical Ethics 7 (1):1-10.score: 6.0
    Background There has been debate on whether a global or unified field of bioethics exists. If bioethics is a unified global field, or at the very least a closely shared way of thinking, then we should expect bioethicists to behave the same way in their academic activities anywhere in the world. This paper investigates whether there is a 'global bioethics' in the sense of a unified academic community. Methods To address this question, we study the web-linking patterns of bioethics institutions, (...)
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  10. Catherine Myser (ed.) (2011). Bioethics Around the Globe. Oxford University Press.score: 6.0
    This volume brings together contributors from a wide variety of disciplines to take a critical, empirical look at bioethics around the globe, examining how it ...
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  11. C. Byk (1993). The European Convention on Bioethics. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):13-16.score: 6.0
    Benefiting from a widely recognised experience of the field of bioethics, the Council of Europe which represents all the democratic countries of Europe, has embarked on the ambitious task of drafting a European Convention on bioethics. The purpose of this text is to set out fundamental values, such as respect for human dignity, free informed consent and non-commercialisation of the human body. In addition to this task, protocols will provide specific standards for the different fields concerned with the application of (...)
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  12. P. Riis (1993). Medical Ethics in the European Community. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):7-12.score: 6.0
    Increasing European co-operation must take place in many areas, including medical ethics. Against the background of common cultural norms and pluralistic variation within political traditions, religion and lifestyles, Europe will have to converge towards unity within the field of medical ethics. This article examines how such convergence might develop with respect to four major areas: European research ethics committees, democratic health systems, the human genome project and rules for stopping futile treatments.
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  13. Pascal Borry, Paul Schotsmans & Kris Dierickx (2006). How International is Bioethics? A Quantitative Retrospective Study. BMC Medical Ethics 7 (1):1-6.score: 6.0
    Background Studying the contribution of individual countries to leading journals in a specific discipline can highlight which countries have the most impact on that discipline and whether a geographic bias exists. This article aims to examine the international distribution of publications in the field of bioethics. Methods Retrospective quantitative study of nine peer reviewed journals in the field of bioethics and medical ethics (Bioethics, Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, Hastings Center Report, Journal of Clinical Ethics, Journal of Medical Ethics, Kennedy (...)
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  14. Sarah J. L. Edwards, Richard Ashcroft & Simon Kirchin (2004). Research Ethics Committees: Differences and Moral Judgement. Bioethics 18 (5):408–427.score: 6.0
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  15. O. Quintana (1993). International Bioethics? The Role of the Council of Europe. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):5-6.score: 6.0
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  16. J. J. Delden, P. J. Maas, L. Pijnenborg & C. W. Looman (1993). Deciding Not to Resuscitate in Dutch Hospitals. Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (4):200-205.score: 6.0
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  17. R. Gillon (1993). Biomedical Ethics in Europe--A Need for the POBS? Journal of Medical Ethics 19 (1):3-4.score: 6.0
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  18. R. Hoedemaekers, H. Have & R. Chadwick (1997). Genetic Screening: A Comparative Analysis of Three Recent Reports. Journal of Medical Ethics 23 (3):135-141.score: 6.0
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  19. R. Rivera & E. Ezcurra (2000). Composition and Operation of Selected Research Ethics Review Committees in Latin America. Irb 23 (5):9-12.score: 6.0
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  20. David J. Rothman (2006). Trust is Not Enough: Bringing Human Rights to Medicine. New York Review Books.score: 6.0
    Addresses the issues at the heart of international medicine and social responsibility. A number of international declarations have proclaimed that health care is a fundamental human right. But if we accept this broad commitment, how should we concretely define the state’s responsibility for the health of its citizens? Although there is growing debate over this issue, there are few books for general readers that provide engaging accounts of critical incidents, practices, and ideas in the field of human rights, health care, (...)
     
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  21. H. G. Callaway (1995). Intentionality Naturalized: Continuity, Reconstruction, and Instrumentalism. Dialectica 49 (2-4):147-68.score: 3.0
    This paper explicates and defends a social-naturalist conception of internationality and intentions, where internationality of scientific expressions is fundamental. Meanings of expressions are a function of their place in language-systems and of the relations of systems to object-level evidence and associated community activities-including deliberation and experiment. Naturalizing internationality requires social-intellectual reconstruction exemplified by the scientific community at its best. This approach emphasizes normative elements of pragmatic conceptions of meaning and their function in orientation. It requires social conditions (...)
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  22. Gregor Gall (2002). On Peter Waterman's New Internationalisms and Labour Worldwide in an Era of Globalization: Alternative Union Models in the New World Order. Historical Materialism 10 (2):267-277.score: 3.0
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  23. Gregor Gall (2002). Review of Globalization, Social Movements and the New Internationalisms, by Peter Waterman. [REVIEW] Historical Materialism 10.score: 3.0
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  24. Concha Roldán (2009). Enlightenment, Philosophy of History and Values. Dialogue and Universalism 19 (6-7):7-20.score: 3.0
    Philosophy of history has been condemned in recent times; however, it is becoming increasingly evident that a new Europe cannot do without a critical philosophy of history that analyses values and gives hierarchical structure to diverse experiences and historical memories. From this hypothesis, a result of previous projects, the project “Philosophy of History and Values in the Europe of the 21st century” has these fundamental objectives: 1) critically analyze the complex forms of conceiving science, history (society), culture (languages, religion), law, (...)
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  25. Peter Waterman (2002). Organised Labour, Socialist Activity and the 'New Internationalisms'. Historical Materialism 10 (2):267-277.score: 3.0
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  26. Patrick Petitjean (2008). The Joint Establishment of the World Federation of Scientific Workers and of UNESCO After World War II. Minerva 46 (2):247-270.score: 1.0
    The World Federation of Scientific Workers (WFScW) and UNESCO share roots in the Social Relations of Science (SRS) movements and in the Franco-British scientific relations which developed in the 1930s. In this historical context (the Great Depression, the rise of Fascism and the Nazi use of science, the social and intellectual fascination for the USSR), a new model of scientific internationalism emerged, where science and politics mixed. Many progressive scientists were involved in the war efforts against Nazism, and tried to (...)
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