Search results for 'Inversion' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Clayton Littlejohn (2009). On the Coherence of Inversion. Acta Analytica 24 (2):127-137.score: 18.0
    In this paper, I shall evaluate a strategy recently used to try to demonstrate the impossibility of behaviorally undetectable spectrum inversion. After showing that the impossibility proof proves too much, I shall identify where it goes wrong. In turn, I shall explain why someone attracted to functionalist and representationalist assumptions might rightly remain agnostic about the possibility of inversion.
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  2. Jeff Speaks (2011). Spectrum Inversion Without a Difference in Representation is Impossible. Philosophical Studies 156 (3):339-361.score: 18.0
    Even if spectrum inversion of various sorts is possible, spectrum inversion without a difference in representation is not. So spectrum inversion does not pose a challenge for the intentionalist thesis that, necessarily, within a given sense modality, if two experiences are alike with respect to content, they are also alike with respect to their phenomenal character. On the contrary, reflection on variants of standard cases of spectrum inversion provides a strong argument for intentionalism. Depending on one’s (...)
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  3. Neil Campbell (2004). Generalizing Qualia Inversion. Erkenntnis 60 (1):27-34.score: 18.0
    Philosophers who advocate the possibility of spectrum inversion often conclude that the qualitative content of experiential states pose a serious problem for functionalism. I argue that in order for the inversion hypothesis to support this conclusion one needs to show that it generalizes to all species of qualia. By examining features of touch, taste, and olfactory sensations, I show there is good reason to resist this generalization, in which case appeals to the possibility of spectral inversion are (...)
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  4. Susan Bredlau (2011). Monstrous Faces and a World Transformed: Merleau-Ponty, Dolezal, and the Enactive Approach on Vision Without Inversion of the Retinal Image. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 10 (4):481-498.score: 18.0
    The world perceived by a person undergoing vision without inversion of the retinal image has traditionally been described as inverted. Drawing on the philosophical work of Maurice Merleau-Ponty and the empirical research of Hubert Dolezal, I argue that this description is more reflective of a representationist conception of vision than of actual visual experience. The world initially perceived in vision without inversion of the retinal image is better described as lacking in lived significance rather than inverted; vision without (...)
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  5. Peter Schroeder-Heister (2007). Generalized Definitional Reflection and the Inversion Principle. Logica Universalis 1 (2):355-376.score: 18.0
    . The term inversion principle goes back to Lorenzen who coined it in the early 1950s. It was later used by Prawitz and others to describe the symmetric relationship between introduction and elimination inferences in natural deduction, sometimes also called harmony. In dealing with the invertibility of rules of an arbitrary atomic production system, Lorenzen’s inversion principle has a much wider range than Prawitz’s adaptation to natural deduction. It is closely related to definitional reflection, which is a principle (...)
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  6. Natalie A. Wyer, Douglas Martin, Tracey Pickup & C. Neil Macrae (2012). Individual Differences in (Non-Visual) Processing Style Predict the Face Inversion Effect. Cognitive Science 36 (2):373-384.score: 18.0
    Recent research suggests that individuals with relatively weak global precedence (i.e., a smaller propensity to view visual stimuli in a configural manner) show a reduced face inversion effect (FIE). Coupled with such findings, a number of recent studies have demonstrated links between an advantage for feature-based processing and the presentation of traits associated with autism among the general population. The present study sought to bridge these findings by investigating whether a relationship exists between the possession of autism-associated traits (i.e., (...)
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  7. Myron Glassman & R. Bruce Mcafee (2005). Pay Inversion at Universities: Is It Ethical? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 56 (4):325 - 333.score: 18.0
    This paper examines an important issue facing academia-pay inversion. It discusses how inversion is accompanied by ethical issues including secrecy, moral dilemmas for faculty, honesty, and keeping promises. It then examines this issue from five ethical viewpoints: a legalistic perspective, ethical egoism, utilitarianism, distributive justice, and Kants deontological approach. As part of the discussion, the effect of the moral philosophy on the universitys corporate culture is examined, with attention given to morale and productivity. Finally, alternatives to pay (...) that universities may want to consider are discussed. (shrink)
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  8. Andreas Keil L. Forest Gruss, Matthias J. Wieser, Stefan R. Schweinberger (2012). Face-Evoked Steady-State Visual Potentials: Effects of Presentation Rate and Face Inversion. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 18.0
    Face processing can be explored using electrophysiological methods. Research with event-related potentials (ERPs) has demonstrated the so-called face inversion effect, in which the N170 component is enhanced in amplitude and latency to inverted, compared to upright, faces. The present study explored the extent to which repetitive lower-level visual cortical engagement, reflected in flicker steady-state visual evoked potentials (ssVEPs), shows similar amplitude enhancement to face inversion. We also asked if inversion related ssVEP modulation would be dependent on the (...)
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  9. Adélaïde de Heering, Bruno Rossion & Olivier Pascalis (2012). Early Deafness Increases the Face Inversion Effect But Does Not Modulate the Composite Face Effect. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    Early deprivation in audition can have striking effects on the development of visual processing. Here we investigated whether early deafness induces changes in holistic/configural face processing. To this end, we compared the results of a group of early deaf participants to those of a group of hearing participants in an inversion-matching task (Experiment 1) and a composite face task (Experiment 2). We hypothesized that deaf individuals would show an enhanced inversion effect and/or an increased composite face effect compared (...)
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  10. Charles M. Harris (2012). Badness and Jump Inversion in the Enumeration Degrees. Archive for Mathematical Logic 51 (3-4):373-406.score: 18.0
    This paper continues the investigation into the relationship between good approximations and jump inversion initiated by Griffith. Firstly it is shown that there is a ${\Pi^{0}_{2}}$ set A whose enumeration degree a is bad—i.e. such that no set ${X \in a}$ is good approximable—and whose complement ${\overline{A}}$ has lowest possible jump, in other words is low2. This also ensures that the degrees y ≤ a only contain ${\Delta^{0}_{3}}$ sets and thus yields a tight lower bound for the complexity of (...)
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  11. E. Klein, J. Bahnmueller, A. Mann, S. Pixner, L. Kaufmann, H.-C. Nuerk & K. Moeller (2013). Language Influences on Numerical Development-Inversion Effects on Multi-Digit Number Processing. Frontiers in Psychology 4 (August).score: 18.0
    In early numerical development, children have to become familiar with the Arabic number system and its place-value structure. The present review summarizes and discusses evidence for language influences on the acquisition of the highly transparent structuring principles of digital-Arabic digits by means of its moderation through the transparency of the respective language's number word system. In particular, the so-called inversion property (i.e., 24 named as "four and twenty" instead of "twenty four") was found to influence number processing in children (...)
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  12. Holger Wiese (2013). Do Neural Correlates of Face Expertise Vary with Task Demands? Event-Related Potential Correlates of Own-and Other-Race Face Inversion. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7:898.score: 18.0
    We are typically more accurate at remembering own- than other-race faces. This “own-race bias” has been suggested to result from enhanced expertise with and more efficient perceptual processing of own-race than other-race faces. In line with this idea, the N170, an event-related potential correlate of face perception, has been repeatedly found to be larger for other-race faces. Other studies, however, found no difference in N170 amplitude for faces from diverse ethnic groups. The present study tested whether these seemingly incongruent findings (...)
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  13. Susan H. Godar, Patricia J. O.’Connor & Virginia Anne Taylor (2005). Evaluating the Ethics of Inversion. Journal of Business Ethics 61 (1):1 - 6.score: 18.0
    In the last five years, a number of U.S. companies have either moved their locus of incorporation to countries with more favorable tax laws, or announced such moves. Given this trend toward “inversions”, and the polemics that have accompanied it, we offer two ways in which the ethics of such a move can be evaluated. We provide multinational executives with two applications of ethics to inversion: Kant’s deontological theory and the consequentialist perspective of utilitarianism.
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  14. L. Forest Gruss, Matthias J. Wieser, Stefan R. Schweinberger & Andreas Keil (2012). Face-Evoked Steady-State Visual Potentials: Effects of Presentation Rate and Face Inversion. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 6.score: 18.0
    Face processing can be explored using electrophysiological methods. Research with event-related potentials (ERPs) has demonstrated the so-called face inversion effect, in which the N170 component is enhanced in amplitude and latency to inverted, compared to upright, faces. The present study explored the extent to which repetitive lower-level visual cortical engagement, reflected in flicker steady-state visual evoked potentials (ssVEPs), shows similar amplitude enhancement to face inversion. We also asked if inversion related ssVEP modulation would be dependent on the (...)
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  15. João Leonel (2014). Pedro como personagem no evangelho de Mateus: complexidade e inversão (Peter as character in the Gospel of Matthew: complexity and inversion) - DOI: 10.5752/P.2175-5841.2014v12n33p164. [REVIEW] Horizonte 12 (33):164-182.score: 18.0
    Este artigo tematiza o apóstolo Pedro como personagem no evangelho de Mateus. O objetivo é identificar as nuances e transformações do personagem Pedro no evangelho. Para tanto, tomo como ponto de partida a pertença do evangelho ao gênero literário biografia greco-romana, que apresenta Jesus Cristo como protagonista. Os demais personagens são desenvolvidos em relação com ele. O mesmo se dá com o apóstolo Pedro. O texto se desenvolve a partir da teoria narrativa, de modo particular a caracterização de personagens. Identifico, (...)
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  16. Stephen Palmisano Simone K. Favelle (2012). The Face Inversion Effect Following Pitch and Yaw Rotations: Investigating the Boundaries of Holistic Processing. Frontiers in Psychology 3.score: 18.0
    Upright faces are thought to be processed holistically. However, the range of views within which holistic processing occurs is unknown. Recent research by McKone (2008) suggests that holistic processing occurs for all yaw rotated face views (i.e. full-face through to profile). Here we examined whether holistic processing occurs for pitch, as well as yaw, rotated face views. In this face recognition experiment: (i) participants made same/different judgments about two sequentially presented faces (either both upright or both inverted); (ii) the test (...)
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  17. Warren Rhule & Karl U. Smith (1959). Effects of Inversion of the Visual Field on Human Motions. Journal of Experimental Psychology 57 (5):338.score: 15.0
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  18. Natalie A. Wyer, Douglas Martin, Tracey Pickup & C. Neil Macrae (2012). Individual Differences in (Non‐Visual) Processing Style Predict the Face Inversion Effect. Cognitive Science 36 (2):373-384.score: 15.0
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  19. Peter W. Ross (1999). Color Science and Spectrum Inversion: A Reply to Nida-Rumelin. Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):566-570.score: 12.0
    Martine Nida-Rümelin (1996) argues that color science indicates behaviorally undetectable spectrum inversion is possible and raises this possibility as an objection to functionalist accounts of visual states of color. I show that her argument does not rest solely on color science, but also on a philosophically controversial assumption, namely, that visual states of color supervene on physiological states. However, this assumption, on the part of philosophers or vision scientists, has the effect of simply ruling out certain versions of functionalism. (...)
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  20. Austen Clark (1985). Spectrum Inversion and the Color Solid. Southern Journal of Philosophy 23 (4):431-43.score: 12.0
    The possibility that what looks red to me may look green to you has traditionally been known as "spectrum inversion." This possibility is thought to create difficulties for any attempt to define mental states in terms of behavioral dispositions or functional roles. If spectrum inversion is possible, then it seems that two perceptual states may have identical functional antecedents and effects yet differ in their qualitative content. In that case the qualitative character of the states could not be (...)
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  21. Peter W. Ross (1999). Color Science and Spectrum Inversion: Further Thoughts. Consciousness and Cognition 8 (4):575-6.score: 12.0
    Martine Nida-Rümelin (1996) argues that color science indicates behaviorally undetectable spectrum inversion is possible and raises this possibility as an objection to functionalist accounts of visual states of color. I show that her argument does not rest solely on color science, but also on a philosophically controversial assumption, namely, that visual states of color supervene on physiological states. However, this assumption, on the part of philosophers or vision scientists, has the effect of simply ruling out certain versions of functionalism. (...)
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  22. Daniel Dennett, Darwin's ''Strange Inversion of Reasoning''.score: 12.0
    Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection unifies the world of physics with the world of meaning and purpose by proposing a deeply counterintuitive ‘‘inversion of reasoning’’ (according to a 19th century critic): ‘‘to make a perfect and beautiful machine, it is not requisite to know how to make it’’ [MacKenzie RB (1868) (Nisbet & Co., London)]. Turing proposed a similar inversion: to be a perfect and beautiful computing machine, it is not requisite to know what arithmetic is. (...)
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  23. Enrico Moriconi & Laura Tesconi (2008). On Inversion Principles. History and Philosophy of Logic 29 (2):103-113.score: 12.0
    The idea of an ?inversion principle?, and the name itself, originated in the work of Paul Lorenzen in the 1950s, as a method to generate new admissible rules within a certain syntactic context. Some fifteen years later, the idea was taken up by Dag Prawitz to devise a strategy of normalization for natural deduction calculi (this being an analogue of Gentzen's cut-elimination theorem for sequent calculi). Later, Prawitz used the inversion principle again, attributing it with a semantic role. (...)
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  24. Wei Min Jin (2000). From Time Inversion to Nonlinear QED. Foundations of Physics 30 (11):1943-1973.score: 12.0
    In Minkowski flat space-time, it is perceived that time inversion is unitary rather than antiunitary, with energy being a time vector changing sign under time inversion. The Dirac equation, in the case of electromagnetic interaction, is not invariant under unitary time inversion, giving rise to a “Klein paradox.” To render unitary time inversion invariance, a nonlinear wave equation is constructed, in which the “Klein paradox” disappears. In the case of Coulomb interaction, the revised nonlinear equation can (...)
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  25. Neil Campbell (2000). Physicalism, Qualia Inversion, and Affective States. Synthese 124 (2):239-256.score: 12.0
    I argue that the inverted spectrum hypothesis is nota possibility we should take seriously. The principlereason is that if someone's qualia were inverted inthe specified manner there is reason to believe thephenomenal difference would manifest itself inbehaviour. This is so for two reasons. First, Isuggest that qualia, including phenomenal colours, arepartly constituted by an affective component whichwould be inverted along with the connected qualia. Theresulting affective inversions will, given theintimate connections that exist between emotions andbehaviour, likely manifest themselves in behaviour, (...)
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  26. Barbara F. Csima, Rod Downey & Keng Meng Ng (2011). Limits on Jump Inversion for Strong Reducibilities. Journal of Symbolic Logic 76 (4):1287-1296.score: 12.0
    We show that Sacks' and Shoenfield's analogs of jump inversion fail for both tt- and wtt-reducibilities in a strong way. In particular we show that there is a ${\mathrm{\Delta }}_{2}^{0}$ set B > tt ∅′ such that there is no c.e. set A with A′ ≡ wtt B. We also show that there is a ${\mathrm{\Sigma }}_{2}^{0}$ set C > tt ∅′ such that there is no ${\mathrm{\Delta }}_{2}^{0}$ set D with D′ ≡ wtt C.
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  27. Wagner de Campos Sanz & Thomas Piecha (2009). Inversion by Definitional Reflection and the Admissibility of Logical Rules. Review of Symbolic Logic 2 (3):550-569.score: 12.0
    The inversion principle for logical rules expresses a relationship between introduction and elimination rules for logical constants. Hallnäs & Schroeder-Heister (1990, 1991) proposed the principle of definitional reflection, which embodies basic ideas of inversion in the more general context of clausal definitions. For the context of admissibility statements, this has been further elaborated by Schroeder-Heister (2007). Using the framework of definitional reflection and its admissibility interpretation, we show that, in the sequent calculus of minimal propositional logic, the left (...)
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  28. Erez Levon, On Triggered Inversion in Hebrew.score: 12.0
    Triggered Inversion (TI) in Hebrew has been previously analyzed as canonical A'-movement to the specificer position of a functional projection in the CP-layer (Doron & Shlonsky 1990, Shlonsky 1997). This article examines the semantic properties of TI constructions in Hebrew, specifically the cross-linguistic similarities between TI in Hebrew and pseudoclefts (PC) in English, as discussed in Heycock & Kroch (1999). A structure is proposed for Hebrew TI that parallels the structure given for equatives in Hebrew by Rothstein (1995), in (...)
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  29. Jason Merchant, Subject-Auxiliary Inversion in Comparatives and PF Output Constraints.score: 12.0
    This paper establishes the novel generalization that Subject-Auxiliary Inversion (SAI) in comparative clauses requires the co-presence of VP-ellipsis, and argues that this peculiar fact follows from a disjunctive formulation of an ECP that applies at PF. The analysis relies crucially on the presence of an intermediate trace of the A'-moved comparative operator at the edge of VP, which is subject to the ECP at PF, and which interacts with the head movement involved in SAI. This trace is (...)
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  30. Matt T. Reed (2001). Historicizing Inversion: Or, How to Make a Homosexual. History of the Human Sciences 14 (4):1-29.score: 12.0
    At the end of the 19th century, the vocabulary of sexuality - perversion - became one of the primary means by which people began to articulate and think about their individuality, their sense of self. Joining authors like Ian Hacking and Arnold Davidson, I suggest the importance of a ‘style of reasoning’ to the creation of sexual kinds at the end of the 19th century, a kind of reasoning that might be styled as historical. For the invert to become possible (...)
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  31. Suemi Rodríguez-Romo (1993). An Analysis of Fierz Identities, Factorization and Inversion Theorems. Foundations of Physics 23 (11):1535-1542.score: 12.0
    We show that the full set of Fierz identities which are used to compute electro-weak interactions reported by Y. Takahashi can be considered as particular cases of the Clifford product between multivector Cartan maps. Moreover, we think that our approach can be generalized to higher-dimensional models.We discuss the factorization and inversion theorems for the recovery of the spinor from its multivectorial Cartan map.A new classification given by P. Lounesto is applied to the recovered spinors for Cl1,3 space-time symmetry and (...)
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  32. Paul Kiparsky, Iambic Inversion in Finnish.score: 12.0
    The modern study of versification is based on the hypothesis that language is rhythmically organized, that metrical patterns are defined by simple rhythmic schemata, and that the two are related by correspondence constraints. Some analyses of the phenomenon of “inversion” in iambic verse reject a central aspect of this hypothesis in positing more complex metrical schemata containing both trochaic and iambic feet. I present evidence against such “trochaic substitution” analyses and demonstrate the iambic character of inverted feet with statistical (...)
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  33. Manfred Krifka, Scope Inversion Under the Rise-Fall Contour in German.score: 12.0
    This article1 deals with a well-known but still ill-explained fact about German, namely scope inversion under a particular accent contour, as illustrated with the following examples, where “/” and “\” stand for rising and falling accent: (a) Mindestens ein Stu- dent hat jeden Roman gelesen, lit. ‘at least one student has every novel read’, with the reading “For at least one student x: x read every book”, and (b) Mindestens /EIN Student hat \JEDen Roman gelesen, with the additional reading (...)
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  34. Erik Myin (2001). Constrained Inversions of Sensations. Philosophica (Belgium) 68 (2):31-40.score: 12.0
    Inverted sensation arguments such as the inverted spectrum thought experiment are often criticized for relying on an unconstrained notion of 'qualia'. In reply to this criticism, 'qualia-free' arguments for inversion have been proposed, in which only physical changes happen: inversions in the world, such as the replacement of surface colors by their complements, and a rewiring of peripheral input cables to more central areas in the nervous system. I show why such constrained inversion arguments won't work. The first (...)
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  35. Evan J. Griffiths (2003). Limit Lemmas and Jump Inversion in the Enumeration Degrees. Archive for Mathematical Logic 42 (6):553-562.score: 12.0
    We show that there is a limit lemma for enumeration reducibility to 0 e ', analogous to the Shoenfield Limit Lemma in the Turing degrees, which relativises for total enumeration degrees. Using this and `good approximations' we prove a jump inversion result: for any set W with a good approximation and any set X< e W such that W≤ e X' there is a set A such that X≤ e A< e W and A'=W'. (All jumps are enumeration degree (...)
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  36. Casper Bruun Jensen (2008). Power, Technology and Social Studies of Health Care: An Infrastructural Inversion. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 16 (4):355-374.score: 12.0
    Power, dominance, and hierarchy are prevalent analytical terms in social studies of health care. Power is often seen as residing in medical structures, institutions, discourses, or ideologies. While studies of medical power often draw on Michel Foucault, this understanding is quite different from his proposal to study in detail the “strategies, the networks, the mechanisms, all those techniques by which a decision is accepted” [Foucault, M. (1988). In Politics, philosophy, culture: Interviews and other writings 1977–84 (pp. 96–109). New York: Routledge]. (...)
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  37. I. N. Soskov (2000). A Jump Inversion Theorem for the Enumeration Jump. Archive for Mathematical Logic 39 (6):417-437.score: 12.0
    . We prove a jump inversion theorem for the enumeration jump and a minimal pair type theorem for the enumeration reducibilty. As an application some results of Selman, Case and Ash are obtained.
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  38. Ciro Alegría Varona (2013). La inversión trágica del sentido de la acción. Edipo rey y Antígona en la Fenomenología del espíritu de Hegel. Areté. Revista de Filosofía 9 (1):35-72.score: 12.0
    Through the analyses of certain passages of Chapter VI of the Phenomenology of Spirit, this paper show how Hegel uses Greek tragedy to design a model of conflictive development of the relationship between society and State. The thread of this reading is the concept of inversion (Verkehrung) which appears closely related to that of action (Handlung). This paper shows, in conclusion, that the reduction of this tragic comprehension of the ethical to the conflictive terrns between civil society and State (...)
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  39. Fiona Macpherson (2005). Colour Inversion Problems for Representationalism. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 70 (1):127-152.score: 10.0
    In this paper I examine whether representationalism can account for various thought experiments about colour inversions. Representationalism is, at minimum, the view that, necessarily, if two experiences have the same representational content then they have the same phenomenal character. I argue that representationalism ought to be rejected if one holds externalist views about experiential content and one holds traditional exter- nalist views about the nature of the content of propositional attitudes. Thus, colour inver- sion scenarios are more damaging to externalist (...)
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  40. Hartmut Hecht (1995). Principle of Least Action: Methodological Inversion of Dynamics. In. In Heinz Lübbig (ed.), The Inverse Problem. Akademie Verlag Und Vch Weinheim. 181.score: 10.0
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  41. Christine Clavien (2012). Kitcher’s Revolutionary Reasoning Inversion in Ethics. Analyse and Kritk 34 (1):117-128.score: 9.0
    This paper examines three specific issues raised by The Ethical Project. First, I discuss the varieties of altruism and spell out the differences between the definitions proposed by Kitcher and the ways altruism is usually conceived in biology, philosophy, psychology, and economics literature. Second, with the example of Kitcher’s account, I take a critical look at evolutionary stories of the emergence of human ethical practices. Third, I point to the revolutionary implications of the Darwinian methodology when it is thoughtfully applied (...)
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  42. Eric Marcus (2006). Intentionalism and the Imaginability of the Inverted Spectrum. Philosophical Quarterly 56 (224):321-339.score: 9.0
    There has been much written in recent years about whether a pair of subjects could have visual experiences that represented the colors of objects in their environment in precisely the same way, despite differing significantly in what it was like to undergo them, differing that is, in their qualitative character. The possibility of spectrum inversion has been so much debated1 in large part because of the threat that it would pose to the more general doctrine of Intentionalism, according to (...)
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  43. David J. Cole (1990). Functionalism and Inverted Spectra. Synthese 82 (2):207-22.score: 9.0
    Functionalism, a philosophical theory, has empirical consequences. Functionalism predicts that where systematic transformations of sensory input occur and are followed by behavioral accommodation in which normal function of the organism is restored such that the causes and effects of the subject's psychological states return to those of the period prior to the transformation, there will be a return of qualia or subjective experiences to those present prior to the transform. A transformation of this type that has long been of philosophical (...)
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  44. Pär Sundström (2002). An Argument Against Spectrum Inversion. In Sten Lindstrom & Par Sundstrom (eds.), Physicalism, Consciousness, and Modality: Essays in the Philosophy of Mind. 65--94.score: 9.0
  45. Martine Nida-Rumelin (1996). Pseudonormal Vision: An Actual Case of Qualia Inversion? Philosophical Studies 82 (2):145-57.score: 9.0
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  46. Alex Byrne & David R. Hilbert (2006). Hoffman's "Proof" of the Possibility of Spectrum Inversion. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):48-50.score: 9.0
    Philosophers have devoted a great deal of discussion to the question of whether an inverted spectrum thought experiment refutes functionalism. (For a review of the inverted spectrum and its many philosophical applications, see Byrne, 2004.) If Ho?man is correct the matter can be swiftly and conclusively settled, without appeal to any empirical data about color vision (or anything else). Assuming only that color experiences and functional relations can be mathematically represented, a simple mathematical result.
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  47. Toby Handfield (2005). Armstrong and the Modal Inversion of Dispositions. Philosophical Quarterly 55 (220):452–461.score: 9.0
    D. M. Armstrong has objected that the Dispositionalist theory of laws and properties is modally inverted, for it entails that properties are constituted by relations to non-actual possibilia. I contend that, if this objection succeeds against Dispositionalism, then Armstrong's nomic necessitation relation is also modally inverted. This shows that at least one of Armstrong's reasons for preferring a nomic necessitation theory is specious.
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  48. Donald D. Hoffman (2006). The Scrambling Theorem: A Simple Proof of the Logical Possibility of Spectrum Inversion. Consciousness and Cognition 15 (1):31-45.score: 9.0
  49. Victor Rodych (1999). Wittgenstein's Inversion of Gödel's Theorem. Erkenntnis 51 (2-3):173-206.score: 9.0
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  50. Martine Nida-Rümelin (1996). Pseudonormal Vision: An Actual Case of Qualia Inversion? Philosophical Studies 82 (2):145 - 157.score: 9.0
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