Search results for 'Irrationalism (Philosophy' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  3
    Stanisław Borzym (1984). Defensive Reactions of Polish Professional Philosophy to Irrationalism in the Early 20th Century. Dialectics and Humanism 11 (2):365-372.
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  2.  3
    Brenda Almond (1992). Philosophy and the Cult of Irrationalism. Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 33:201-217.
    Philosophy, as I conceive it, is a journey and a quest. Conducted individually, it is nevertheless a collective attempt on the part of human beings from differing cultures and times to make sense of the arbitrary contingency of human existence, to find meaning in life. So understood, the impulse to philosophise needs no explanation or apology. It belongs to us all, and it exerts its own categorical imperative. Here I may quote the words of a wise woman, an invented contributor (...)
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  3.  14
    Tom Rockmore (1992). Irrationalism: Lukács and the Marxist View of Reason. Temple University Press.
    INTRODUCTION Irrationalism: Lukacs and the Marxist View of Reason At the very least, Karl Marx and Marxism are committed to a form of con textual ism, ...
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  4. Wendy Kaminer (1999). Sleeping with Extra-Terrestrials: The Rise of Irrationalism and Perils of Piety. Pantheon Books.
    In Sleeping with Extra-Terrestrials , Wendy Kaminer argues that we are a society intoxicated by the irrational: religion, spirituality, and popular therapies threaten to replace rational thought with supernaturalism and impassioned but unexamined personal testimony. Ranging from our fascination with angels, aliens, and near- death experiences to the rise of junk science, the recovery movement, and the digital culture, Kaminer points out the amusing and ominous effects of our deference to spiritual authorities and resistance to critical thinking. She questions conventional (...)
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  5.  13
    Jianping Xu (2008). A Transition of Chinese Humanism and Aesthetics From Rationalism to Irrationalism. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (2):229-253.
    Chinese people attach importance to intuition and imagery in ways of thinking that are quite sensible, but the result, i.e. the thoughts that are popularized in virtue of political power, are rather rational. These rational thoughts, which were influenced by Buddhism and continually became introspective, had been growing more irrational factors. Up to the middle and late Ming Dynasty, when the economy was developed, they merged with the growing emphasis on daily needs of food and clothes and the envisagement to (...)
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  6.  26
    D. C. Stove (1998). Scientific Irrationalism: Origins of a Postmodern Cult. Transaction Publishers.
    In an afterword, James Franklin discusses reactions to Stove's work. This book will be of interest to scientists, philosophers, and general readers.
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  7. Benjamin Walker (2001). Caesar's Church: The Irrational in Science and Philosophy. Book Guild.
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  8.  63
    Dazhi Yao (2008). Postmodernist Liberalism: A Critique of Richard Rorty's Political Philosophy. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (3):455-463.
    Richard Rorty’s philosophy has two basic commitments: one to postmodernism and the other to liberalism. However, these commitments generate tension. As a postmodernist, he sharply criticizes the Enlightenment; as a liberal, he forcefully defends it. His postmodernist liberalism actually explains liberalism using irrationalism.
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  9.  11
    Yunyi Zhang (2007). Philosophy's Predicament and Hegel's Ghost: Reflections on the View That There is “No Philosophy in China”. [REVIEW] Frontiers of Philosophy in China 2 (2):230-246.
    When Western science was introduced to modern China, more translated words were used to express fundamental concepts and terms than borrowed words. The process of academic translation, commensuration, and communication between Western and Chinese philosophy is a process of comparative philosophical research. Nowadays, however, it seems that Chinese philosophy is evaluated by a Western Hegelian criterion. This leads to the debate over whether or not China has philosophy. But it is meaningless to argue about whether or not China has the (...)
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  10.  7
    Yao Dazhi & Xiang Yunhua (2008). Postmodernist Liberalism: A Critique of Richard Rorty's Political Philosophy. Frontiers of Philosophy in China 3 (3):455 - 463.
    Richard Rorty's philosophy has two basic commitments: one to postmodernism and the other to liberalism. However, these commitments generate tension. As a postmodernist, he sharply criticizes the Enlightenment; as a liberal, he forcefully defends it. His postmodernist liberalism actually explains liberalism using irrationalism. /// 罗蒂哲学有两个基本承诺,一个是对后现代主义的承诺,一个是对自由主义 的承诺。但是这两种承诺之间存在着紧张关系: 作为后现代主义者,罗蒂对启蒙提 出了强烈的批评; 作为自由主义者,他又在极力地维护启蒙。罗蒂的后现代自由主 义实质上是以非理性主义来解释自由主义。.
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  11.  93
    Jon Elster (1983). Sour Grapes: Studies in the Subversion of Rationality. Editions De La Maison des Sciences De L'Homme.
    Sour Grapes aims to subvert orthodox theories of rational choice through the study of forms of irrationality. Dr Elster begins with an analysis of the notation of rationality, to provide the background and terms for the subsequent discussions, which cover irrational behaviour, irrational desires and irrational belief. These essays continue and complement the arguments of Jon Elster's earlier book, Ulysses and the Sirens. That was published to wide acclaim, and Dr Elster shows the same versatility here in drawing on philosophy, (...)
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  12.  39
    Thomas D. Carroll (2014). Wittgenstein Within the Philosophy of Religion. Palgrave Macmillan.
    The commonly held view that Wittgensteinian philosophy of religion entails an irrationalist defense of religion known as 'fideism' loses plausibility when contrasted with recent scholarship on Wittgenstein's corpus, biography, and other sources. This book reevaluates the place of Wittgenstein in the philosophy of religion and charts a path forward for the subfield by advancing three themes. The first is that philosophers of religion should question received interpretations of philosophers, such as Wittgenstein, as well as the meanings of key terms used (...)
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  13. Jon Elster (ed.) (1984). Ulysses and the Sirens: Studies in Rationality and Irrationality. Editions De La Maison des Sciences De L'Homme.
    This book was first published in 1984, as the revised edition of a 1979 original. The text is composed of studies in a descending sequence from perfect rationality, through imperfect and problematical rationality, to irrationality. Specifically human rationality is characterized by its capacity to relate strategically to the future, in contrast to the myopic 'gradient climbing' of natural selection. There is trenchant analysis of some of the parallels proposed in this connection between the biological and the social sciences. In the (...)
     
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  14.  44
    David Francis Pears (1984). Motivated Irrationality. St. Augustine's Press.
    This book is about self-deception and lack of self-control or wishful thinking and acting against one's own better judgement. Steering a course between the skepticism of philosophers, who find the conscious defiance of reason too paradoxical, and the tolerant empiricism of psychologists, it compares the two kinds of irrationality, and relates the conclusions drawn to the views of Freud, cognitive psychologists, and such philosophers as Aristotle, Anscombe, Hare and Davidson.
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  15. D. C. Stove (1982). Popper and After: Four Modern Irrationalists. Pergamon Press.
  16. Jennifer Radden (1985). Madness and Reason. G. Allen & Unwin.
     
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  17. John McCrone (1994). The Myth of Irrationality: The Science of the Mind From Plato to Star Trek. Carroll & Graf Publishers.
  18.  1
    Ulrich Arnswald & Hans-Peter Schütt (eds.) (2011). Rationalität Und Irrationalität in den Wissenschaften. Vs Verlag Für Sozialwissenschaften.
    Auf Thomas Hobbes geht die Feststellung zurück, Absurdität sei ein Privileg des Menschen: Nur ein rationales Wesen ist offensichtlich der Irrationalität fähig.
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  19. Herbert M. Garelick (1971). Modes of Irrationality. The Hague,Nijhoff.
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  20. Milanko Govedarica (2006). Filozofska Analiza Iracionalnosti: Izmenjena Stanja Svesti I Slabost Volje. Mali Nemo.
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  21. Jiří Heřt, Luděk Pekárek & Čeněk Zlatník (eds.) (1998). Věda Kontra Iracionalita: Sborník Přednášek. Academia.
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  22. Carl Jensen & Rom Harré (eds.) (2011). Beyond Rationality: Contemporary Issues. Cambridge Scholars Pub..
     
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  23. Michael Landmann (1978). Alienatory Reason. Applied Literature Press.
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  24. T. V. Li͡utyĭ (2007). Rozumnistʹ Nerozumnoho: Monohrafii͡a. Parapan.
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  25. Gonzalo Mayos Solsona (ed.) (2006). Fronteres de la Desraó: Cicle de Conferències Liceu Joan Maragall. La Busca Edicions.
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  26. S. F. Oduev (2004). Metamorfozy Irrat͡sionalizma. Izd-Vo Rags.
    v. 1. Irrat͡sionalizm v nemet͡skoĭ filosofii XIX veka -- v. 2. Navstrechu Logosu : problema poznanii͡a v ėkzistent͡sializme i germenevtike.
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  27. Giles St Aubyn (1985). The Art of Argument. Taplinger Pub. Co..
     
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  28. Nicholas Urda (1974). Ontology of the Irrational. [Herrick Center, Pa..
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  29. Hao Zhang (2010). Ren Shi de Ling Yi Ban: Fei Li Xing Ren Shi Lun Yan Jiu. Zhongguo She Hui Ke Xue Chu Ban She.
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  30. Steven Best & Douglas Kellner, The Postmodern Turn in Philosophy: Theoretical Provocations and Normative Deficits.
    In the realm of philosophy and other theoretical discourses, there are many different paths to the turn from the modern to the postmodern, representing a complex genealogy of diverse and often divergent trails through different disciplines and cultural terrains. One pathway moves through an irrationalist tradition from romanticism to existentialism to French postmodernism via the figures of Nietzsche, Heidegger, and Bataille into the proliferation of French postmodern theory. This is the route charted by Jurgen Habermas in The Philosophical Discourse of (...)
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  31. Douglas Kellner, The Postmodern Turn in Philosophy: Theoretical Provocations and Normative Deficits.
    In the realm of philosophy and other theoretical discourses, there are many different paths to the turn from the modern to the postmodern, representing a complex genealogy of diverse and often divergent trails through different disciplines and cultural terrains. One pathway moves through an irrationalist tradition from romanticism to existentialism to French postmodernism via the figures of Nietzsche, Heidegger, and Bataille into the proliferation of French postmodern theory. This is the route charted by Jurgen Habermas in The Philosophical Discourse of (...)
     
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  32.  21
    Keith Campbell (1985). John Passmore and Hume's Moral Philosophy. Hume Studies 11 (2):109-124.
    This paper identifies passmore's interpretation of hume as having skeptical principles so powerful that they should issue in a complete irrationalist which he did not embrace. The idea of such an inconsistency within hume's philosophy is then applied to his theory of morals. The way of ideas, Pessimistic rationalism, And the theory of association should issue in moral skepticism. Instead, Hume equivocates between subjectivist and realist views of the relation between morality and our pleasure or pain in contemplation of actions.
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  33.  13
    Miriam Franchella (1999). Evert Willem Beth's Scientific Philosophy. Grazer Philosophische Studien 57:221-236.
    Though E. W. Beth is famous for his contributions to logic aspects of his philosophical reflections and details of its development are almost unknown. In his work four periods can be distinguished: the neo-kantian, the anti-kantian, the anti-irrationalist and the logical one. Within this framework it is possible to individuate a core around which Beth developed his reflections: it is the interplay between philosophy and the sciences. His philosophy was always linked to the sciences in two ways: He steadily checked (...)
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  34.  4
    Burghard Schmidt (1985). German Irrationalism During Weimar. Telos: Critical Theory of the Contemporary 1985 (65):87-96.
    In The Destruction of Reason, Lukács considered the Weimar Republic an accomplice in the victory of fascism. Lukács has no monopoly on this thesis. The restorative ideological interests of the fifties portrayed Nazi Germany as an outbreak of irrationality, after which society returned to its rational routine lost at the end of the 1920s. Lukács view of the irrational as the ideological tool of fascist propaganda, of course, differs from this version. Yet, this difference is obscured by his method of (...)
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  35.  9
    A. Polikarov (1998). A Draft for Unifying Controversies in Philosophy of Science. Journal for General Philosophy of Science / Zeitschrift für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 29 (2):225-244.
    The basic (negative and positive) methodological maxims of three currents of philosophy of science (logical empiricism, falsificationism, and postpositivism) are formulated. Many of these maxims (stratagems) are controversial, e.g., the stance about the nonsense of metaphysics, and that of its indispensability. The restricted validity of these maxims allows for their unification. Within the framework of most of them there may be a relationship of (synchronic, or diachronic) subordination of the contradicting desiderata. In this vein ten stratagems are formulated.
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  36. Kathleen M. Higgins & Robert C. Solomon (eds.) (2003). The Age of German Idealism: Routledge History of Philosophy Volume Vi. Routledge.
    The turn of the nineteenth century marked a rich and exciting explosion of philosophical energy and talent. The enormity of the revolution set off in philosophy by Immanuel Kant was comparable, by Kant's own estimation, with the Copernican Revolution that ended the Middle Ages. The movement he set in motion, the fast-moving and often cantankerous dialectic of `German Idealism', inspired some of the most creative philosophers in modern times: including G.W.F. Hegel and Arthur Schopenhauer as well as those who reacted (...)
     
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  37. Kathleen M. Higgins & Robert C. Solomon (eds.) (1993). The Age of German Idealism: Routledge History of Philosophy Volume Vi. Routledge.
    The turn of the nineteenth century marked a rich and exciting explosion of philosophical energy and talent. The enormity of the revolution set off in philosophy by Immanuel Kant was comparable, by Kant's own estimation, with the Copernican Revolution that ended the Middle Ages. The movement he set in motion, the fast-moving and often cantankerous dialectic of `German Idealism', inspired some of the most creative philosophers in modern times: including G.W.F. Hegel and Arthur Schopenhauer as well as those who reacted (...)
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  38. Genia Schönbaumsfeld (2010). A Confusion of the Spheres: Kierkegaard and Wittgenstein on Philosophy and Religion. Oxford University Press Uk.
    Cursory allusions to the relation between Kierkegaard and Wittgenstein are common in the philosophical literature, but there has been little in the way of serious and comprehensive commentary on the relationship of their ideas. Genia Schönbaumsfeld closes this gap and offers new readings of Kierkegaard's and Wittgenstein's conceptions of philosophy and religious belief. Chapter one documents Kierkegaard's influence on Wittgenstein, while chapters two and three provide trenchant criticisms of two prominent attempts to compare the two thinkers, D. Z. Phillips and (...)
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  39. Manfred Kuehn (1980). Scottish Common Sense in Germany, 1768--1800: A Contribution to the History of Critical Philosophy. Dissertation, Mcgill University (Canada)
    This work attempts to show that the Scottish common sense philosophers Thomas Reid, James Oswald and James Beattie, had a substantial influence upon the development of German thought during the period of the late enlightenment. Their works were thoroughly reviewed in German philosophical journals and translated into German soon after they had appeared in English. Whether it was Mendelssohn, a rationalist, Lossius, a materialist, Feder, a sensationalist, Tetens, a critical empiricist, or Hamann and Jacobi, irrationalist philosophers of faith, important philosophers (...)
     
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  40. Karl-Otto Apel & Matthias Kettner (eds.) (1996). Die eine Vernunft und die vielen Rationalitäten. Suhrkamp.
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  41. Robert P. Craig (1974). Issues in Philosophy and Education. New York,Mss Information Corp..
    Rogers, C. R. and Skinner, B. F. Some issues concerning the control of human behavior.--Broudy, H. S. Didactics, heuristics, and philetics.--Craig, R. An analysis of the psychology of moral development of Lawrence Kohlberg.--Scudder, J. R., Jr. Freedom with authority: a Buber model for teaching.--Hook, S. Some educational attitudes and poses.--Strike, K. A. Freedom, autonomy, and teaching.--Elkind, D. Piaget and Montessori.--Raywid, M. A. Irrationalism and the new reformism.--Doll, W. E., Jr. A methodology of experience: the process of inquiry.--Neff, F. C. (...)
     
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  42.  10
    Irmgard Scherer (2007). Irrationalism in Eighteenth Century Aesthetics. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 12:23-29.
    This essay deals with a particularly recalcitrant problem in the history of ideas, that of irrationalism. It emerged to full consciousness in mid-eighteenth century thought. Irrationalism was a logical consequence of individualism which in turn was a direct outcome of the Cartesian self-reflective subject. In time these tendencies produced the "critical" Zeitgeist and the "epoch of taste" during which Kant began thinking about such matters. Like Alfred Bäumler, I argue that irrationalism could not have arisen in ancient (...)
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  43.  15
    Adam Buben (2013). Neither Irrationalist Nor Apologist: Revisiting Faith and Reason in Kierkegaard. Philosophy Compass 8 (3):318-326.
    One of the most hotly contested debates in Kierkegaard studies concerns his sense of the relationship between faith and reason. Often caricatured as a proponent of irrational fideism, scholarship in recent decades has tried to present a more nuanced account of Kierkegaard’s position. Two likely interpretive options have emerged: supra‐rationalism and anti‐rationalism. On the former view, Kierkegaard believes that while the achievement of faith is beyond the capabilities of reason, there are still ways that reason can aid the maintenance of (...)
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  44.  5
    P. P. Gaidenko (1965). The "Fundamental Ontology" of Heidegger as a Basis of Philosophical Irrationalism. Russian Studies in Philosophy 4 (3):44-55.
    One of the factors characteristic of bourgeois thinking today is the effort to create a "third trend" in philosophy, to "overcome" the conflict between materialism and idealism, and to replace this with some "higher" principle. Such attempts usually conceal outright subjectivism. The effort to find a higher, more "primordial" reality, antecedent to the division into matter and mind, into object and subject, amounts in essence to elevation to an absolute of forms of subjective experience in which awareness of the difference (...)
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  45. Robert Leet Patterson (1973). Irrationalism and Rationalism in Religion. Westport, Conn.,Greenwood Press.
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  46. Theodor W. Adorno (2001). Metaphysics: Concept and Problems. Stanford University Press.
    This volume makes available in English for the first time Adorno’s lectures on metaphysics. It provides a unique introduction not only to metaphysics but also to Adorno’s own intellectual standpoint, as developed in his major work Negative Dialectics. Metaphysics for Adorno is defined by a central tension between concepts and immediate facts. Adorno traces this dualism back to Aristotle, whom he sees as the founder of metaphysics. In Aristotle it appears as an unresolved tension between form and matter. This basic (...)
     
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  47. John T. Wilcox (1972). Elements of Irrationalism in Nietzsche's Metaethics. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 33 (2):227-240.
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  48. Alex Callinicos (1990). Against Postmodernism: A Marxist Critique. St. Martin's Press.
    It has become an intellectual commonplace to claim that we have entered the era of 'postmodernity'. Three themes are embraced in this claim the poststructurist critique by Foucault, Derrida and others of the philosophical heritage of the Enlightenment the supposed impasse of High Modern art and its replacement by new artistic forms and the alleged emergence of 'post-industrial' societies whose structures are beyond the ken of Marx and other theorists of industrial capitalism. Against Postmodernism takes issue with all these themes. (...)
     
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  49.  67
    Jerzy Giedymin (1971). Consolations for the Irrationalist? British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 22 (1):39-48.
  50.  13
    A. C. Pegis (1939). Higher Education and Irrationalism. Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):113-119.
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