Search results for 'Isaac Ben-Israel' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Jeffrey C. Isaac (1995). Rejoinder by Isaac. Political Theory 23 (4):681-688.score: 120.0
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  2. Zerahiah ben Isaac (2012). Derashot R. Zeraḥyah Ha-Leṿi Saladin. Hotsaʼat Ha-Sefarim Shel Universiṭat Ben-Guryon Ba-Negev.score: 120.0
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  3. Tony Lévy (2003). Arabic Algebra in Hebrew Texts (1). An Unpublished Work by Isaac Ben Salomon Al-a[Hudot]Dab (14th Century). Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 13 (2):269-301.score: 56.0
    It has long been considered that Arabic algebra scarcely left any traces in mathematical literature of Hebrew expression. Thanks to the unpublished sources we have discovered, and to an attentive examination of already-known texts, one can no longer subscribe to such a judgement. The evidence we examine in this first article sheds light on the circulation, in erudite Jewish circles, of Arabic algebraic knowledge in Spain, Italy, Provence, and Sicily, between the 12th and the 14th centuries. The Epistle on number (...)
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  4. Omero Proietti (1997). Spinoza et le" Conciliador" de Manasseh ben Israel. Studia Spinozana: An International and Interdisciplinary Series 13:48-63.score: 42.0
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  5. Tony Lévy (2003). L'algebre arabe dans les textes hebraiques (I). Un ouvrage inedit d'Isaac ben Salomon al-Ahdab (xiv^ e siecle). Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 13 (2):269-302.score: 42.0
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  6. Edna Aphek, Jewish Theological Seminary & Neve Schechter (forthcoming). Department of Foreign Literature and Linguistics Ben Gurion University of the Negev PO Box 653 Be'er Sheva 84 105 Israel. [REVIEW] Semiotics.score: 36.0
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  7. Isaac Ben-Israel (2001). Philosophy and Methodology of Military Intelligence: Correspondence with Paul Feyerabend. Philosophia 28 (1-4):71-101.score: 29.0
    The paper includes a series of letters exchanged between the author and the late Professor Feyerabend, concerning the best "method" for military intelligence, as a test case for the role of conceptual frameworks in philosophy of science. The letters deal with issues like: Is it possible to make an intelligence estimate without a conceptual framework? Does such a framework have any 'positive' role? If so, how should a conceptual framework in intelligence be built? What risks lurk within it? Is it (...)
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  8. Mark S. Schwartz (2012). The State of Business Ethics in Israel: A Light Unto the Nations? [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 105 (4):429-446.score: 18.0
    Whether the nation of Israel has become a “light unto the nations” in terms of ethical behavior among its business community remains in doubt. To examine the current state of business ethics in Israel, the study examines the following: (1) the extent of business ethics education in Israel; (2) the existence of formal corporate ethics program elements based on an annual survey of over 50 large Israeli corporations conducted over 5 years (2006–2010); and (3) perceptions of the state of business (...)
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  9. Carmel Shalev (2010). Reclaiming the Patient's Voice and Spirit in Dying: An Insight From Israel. Bioethics 24 (3):134-144.score: 18.0
    In the latter half of the 20th century, Western medicine moved death from the home to the hospital. As a result, the process of dying seems to have lost its spiritual dimension, and become a matter of prolonging material life by means of medical technology. The novel quandaries that arose led in turn to medico-legal regulation. This paper describes the recent regulation of dying in Israel under its Dying Patient Law, 2005. The Law recognizes advance directives in principle, but limits (...)
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  10. Uri Ram (2000). National, Ethnic or Civic? Contesting Paradigms of Memory, Identity and Culture in Israel. Studies in Philosophy and Education 19 (5/6):405-422.score: 18.0
    Zionist national identity in Israel is today challenged by two mutuallyantagonistic alternatives: a liberal, secular, Post-Zionist civic identity, on the one hand, and ethnic, religious, Neo-Zionist nationalistic identity, on the other. The other, Zionist, hegemony contains an unsolvable tension between the national and the democratic facets of the state. The Post-Zionist trend seeks a relief of this tension by bracketing the nationalcharacter of the state, i.e., by separation of state and cultural community/ies; the Neo-Zionist trend seeks a relief of the (...)
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  11. H. Floris Cohen (2012). ESM's Review of Avner Ben-Zaken's Cross-Cultural Scientific Exchanges in the Eastern Mediterranean 1560-1660. [REVIEW] Early Science and Medicine 17:2012.score: 18.0
    "Ben-Zaken’s book offers an intriguing approach, empirically richer and more innovative..Doubtless Ben-Zaken has demonstrated with much inventive ingenuity that during these first decades of the Scientific Revolution a variety of remarkable encounters took place in the Eastern basin of the Mediterranean.".
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  12. Ismael Ledesma-Mateos & Ana Barahona (2003). The Institutionalization of Biology in Mexico in the Early 20th Century. The Conflict Between Alfonso Luis Herrera (1868-1942) and Isaac Ochoterena (1885-1950). [REVIEW] Journal of the History of Biology 36 (2):285 - 307.score: 18.0
    The aim of this work is to evaluate the role played by Alfonso Luis Herrera and Isaac Ochoterena in the institutionalization of academic biology in Mexico in the early 20th century. As biology became institutionalized in Mexico, Herrera's basic approach to biology was displaced by Isaac Ochoterena's professional goals due to the prevailing political conditions at the end of 1929. The conflict arose from two different conceptions of biology, because Herrera and Ochoterena had different discourses that were incommensurable, (...)
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  13. Elizabeth Wachs & Alon Tal (2009). Herd No More: Livestock Husbandry Policies and the Environment in Israel. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 22 (5):401-422.score: 18.0
    Livestock production in both industrial systems, where livestock are packed tightly together, and in highly traditional systems, where a shepherd follows her herd in dispersed rangelands, are cited as key contributors in some of the most acute environmental problems around the globe. Israel is one of the few countries where both of these systems exist, with surprisingly little contact between them. The environmental impact of the sectors were examined along with Israel’s public policies in the field. While historically, much attention (...)
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  14. Liora Gvion (2006). Cuisines of Poverty as Means of Empowerment: Arab Food in Israel. [REVIEW] Agriculture and Human Values 23 (3):299-312.score: 18.0
    This paper suggests looking at cuisines of poverty as practical and political systems practiced by urban and rural Palestinian citizens of Israel. It is an important and interesting case study within which political and economical considerations govern and enhance the development, change, and acceptance of culinary knowledge. Cuisines of poverty operate in two simultaneous arenas. As systems of practical knowledge, they repeatedly center on the ability to maintain the traditional kitchen, turning it into a tool-kit out of which information is (...)
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  15. Benita Padilla, Gabriel M. Danovitch & Jacob Lavee (forthcoming). Impact of Legal Measures Prevent Transplant Tourism: The Interrelated Experience of The Philippines and Israel. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy:1-5.score: 18.0
    We describe the parallel changes that have taken place in recent years in two countries, Israel and The Philippines, the former once an “exporter” of transplant tourists and the latter once an “importer” of transplant tourists. These changes were in response to progressive legislation in both countries under the influence of the Declaration of Istanbul. The annual number of Israeli patients who underwent kidney transplantation abroad decreased from a peak of 155 in 2006 to an all-time low of 35 in (...)
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  16. Mohd Afandi Salleh & Mohd Fauzi Abu-Hussin (2013). The American Christians and the State of Israel. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 12 (34):152-172.score: 18.0
    Israel has always mattered to American Christians. They are among the strongest supporters of the State of Israel in the United States. The paper argues that the support that was extended by American Christians in general and the Christian Right in particular, to Israel and the Jewish people is the continuation of a long tradition in conservative American Christians rooted mainly in their theological doctrine. However, the study shows that the Christian Right is ambivalent in its view on Jews. On (...)
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  17. Petru Moldovan (2010). Israel Knohl Mesia dinainte de Iisus. Slujitorul pãtimitor de la Marea Moartã/ Mesia Before Jesus. The Suffering Servant from the Dead Sea. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 4 (10):246-247.score: 18.0
    Israel Knohl Mesia dinainte de Iisus. Slujitorul pãtimitor de la Marea Moartã Traducere de Ana-Elena Ilinca, Ed. Dacia, Cluj-Napoca, 2001.
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  18. R. Petraglio (forthcoming). Il libro che contamina le mani. Ben Sirac rilegge il libro e la storia d'Israele (Theologia, 4), Palermo. Augustinus: Revista Trimestral Publicada Por Los Padres Agustinos Recoletos.score: 18.0
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  19. Jasbir Puar (2011). Citation and Censorship: The Politics of Talking About the Sexual Politics of Israel. [REVIEW] Feminist Legal Studies 19 (2):133-142.score: 18.0
    In response to critics’ claims that a discussion of sexuality and nationalism vis-à-vis the Israeli-Palestinian conflict bears no relation to the author’s previous work, or to such discussions within the US or European contexts, this paper details the complex interconnections between Israeli gay and lesbian rights and the continued oppression of Palestinians. The first section examines existing discourses of what the author has previously called “homonationalism,” or the process by which certain forms of gay and lesbian sexuality are folded into (...)
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  20. Aviad E. Raz & Silke Schicktanz (2009). Diversity and Uniformity in Genetic Responsibility: Moral Attitudes of Patients, Relatives and Lay People in Germany and Israel. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 12 (4):433-442.score: 18.0
    The professional and institutional responsibility for handling genetic knowledge is well discussed; less attention has been paid to how lay people and particularly people who are affected by genetic diseases perceive and frame such responsibilities. In this exploratory study we qualitatively examine the attitudes of lay people, patients and relatives of patients in Germany and Israel towards genetic testing. These attitudes are further examined in the national context of Germany and Israel, which represent opposite regulatory approaches and bioethical debates concerning (...)
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  21. Leon Volovici (2010). Israel şi Europa de Est – o relaţie spirituală dificilă/ Israel and Eastern Europe - A Difficult Spiritual Relationship. Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 7 (21):140-149.score: 18.0
    This work traces the evolution of Jewish representation(s) of Europe since the Emancipation, focusing on the cultural image of Europe among the Eastern-European Jewish intelligentsia, in relation with the process of building a modern, national Jewish identity. The author mentions the idea of “abandoning” Europe which occured in the Zionist ideology and in the post-Holocaust Israeli public discourse due to the impact of modern political antisemitism, and to the influence of the European national ideologies. This study discusses the new tendencies (...)
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  22. Edmond L. Wright (1986). Ben-Zeev on the Non-Epistemic. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (September):351-359.score: 15.0
  23. Isaac Husik (2002). A History of Mediaeval Jewish Philosophy. Dover Publications.score: 15.0
    In this enlightening study, a noted scholar elucidates the distinguishing characteristics of the works of several Jewish thinkers of the Middle Ages. In addition to summaries of the main arguments and teachings of Moses Maimonides, Isaac Israeli, Judah Halevi, Abraham Ibn Daud, Hillel ben Samuel, Levi ben Gerson, Joseph Albo, and many others, the author offers insightful analyses and commentary. Of particular value to beginners, this volume is also an ever-relevant resource for many issues of scholarly debate.
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  24. Volker Heins (2012). Three Meanings of Equality: The 'Arab Problem' in Israel. [REVIEW] Res Publica 18 (1):79-91.score: 15.0
    If justice means equal participation and inclusion, as authors such as Axel Honneth or Nancy Fraser have argued, the question still remains: inclusion in what, and of whom? This question has not been investigated with sufficient attention. Drawing on the example of the experience of Palestinians and Israeli Arabs, I address this issue by distinguishing different meanings of equality which correspond to different types of political struggles. In so doing, I re-examine Honneth’s claim that the critical theory of recognition has (...)
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  25. Wolfgang Spohn (2006). Isaac Levi's Potentially Surprising Epistemological Picture. In Erik J. Olsson (ed.), Knowledge and Inquiry: Essays on the Pragmatism of Isaac Levi. Cambridge University Press.score: 15.0
    This paper compares the epistemological conception of Isaac Levi with mine. We are joined in both giving a constructive answer to the relation of belief and probability, without reducing one to the other. However, our constructions differ in at least nine more or less important ways, all discussed in the paper. In particular, the paper explains the similarities and differences of Shackle's functions of potential surprise, as used by Levi, and my ranking functions in formal as well as in (...)
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  26. Michael L. Gross (2002). Ethics, Policy, and Rare Genetic Disorders: The Case of Gaucher Disease in Israel. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 23 (2):151-170.score: 15.0
    Gaucher disease is a rare, chronic,ethnic-specific genetic disorder affecting Jewsof Eastern European descent. It is extremelyexpensive to treat and presents difficultdilemmas for officials and patients in Israelwhere many patients live. First, high-cost,high-benefit, but low volume treatment forGaucher creates severe allocation dilemmas forpolicy makers. Allocation policies driven bycost effectiveness, age, opportunity or needmake it difficult to justify funding. Processoriented decision making based on terms of faircooperation or decisions invoking the ``rule ofrescue'''' risk discriminating against minoritieswho may already suffer from inequitabledistribution of (...)
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  27. Radu J. Bogdan (1988). Replies to Israel and Dretske's Bogdan on Information. Mind and Language 3:145-151.score: 15.0
     
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  28. Isaac Israeli (1979). Isaac Israeli, a Neoplatonic Philosopher of the Early Tenth Century. Greenwood Press.score: 15.0
    Additionally, Isaac Israeli features a biographical sketch of the philosopher and extensive notes and comments on the texts, as well as a survey and appraisal ...
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  29. Shalom Sadik (2013). Décision Humaine Et Animale Dans la Pensée de Rabbi Isaac Israeli. Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 21 (2):143-160.score: 15.0
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  30. Christian Trottmann (2011). Isaac de l'Étoile lecteur du livre de la nature. Revue des Sciences Philosophiques Et Théologiques 2:343-362.score: 15.0
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  31. Tony Lévy (2007). L'algèbre Arabe Dans Les Textes Hébraïques (II). Dans l'Italie Des Xve Et Xvie siècLes, Sources Arabes Et Sources Vernaculaires. Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 17 (1):81-107.score: 14.0
    Until the end of the 14th century, the sources of Hebrew mathematical writings were almost exclusively in Arabic. This was particularly true of texts that contained elements of algebra or algebraic developments. The testimonies we present and analyze here are due to Jewish authors living in Italy, primarily in the 15th century, who made use of the most varied sources, in addition to Arabic: in Castilian, in Italian, and perhaps in Latin. These testimonies constitute both an indication, and a product, (...)
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  32. Hedva Ben Israel (2008). Talmon on Nationalism. History of European Ideas 34 (2):189-196.score: 14.0
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  33. Robert Kowalenko (2012). Reply to Israel on the New Riddle of Induction. Philosophia 40 (3):549-552.score: 12.0
    Israel 2004 claims that numerous philosophers have misinterpreted Goodman’s original ‘New Riddle of Induction’, and weakened it in the process, because they do not define ‘grue’ as referring to past observations. Both claims are false: Goodman clearly took the riddle to concern the maximally general problem of “projecting” any type of characteristic from a given realm of objects into another, and since this problem subsumes Israel’s, Goodman formulated a stronger philosophical challenge than the latter surmises.
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  34. Gabriele Contessa (2007). There Are Kinds and Kinds of Kinds: Ben-Yami on the Semantics of Kind Terms. Philosophical Studies 136 (2):217-248.score: 12.0
    Hanoch Ben-Yami has argued that the theory of the semantics of natural kind terms proposed by Kripke and Putnam is false and has proposed an allegedly novel account of the semantics of kind terms. In this article, I critically examine Ben-Yami’s arguments. I will argue that Ben-Yami’s objections do not show that Kripke and Putnam’s theory is false, but at most that the specific versions of it held by Kripke and Putnam have some weaknesses. Moreover, I will argue that Ben-Yami’s (...)
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  35. Edward Wierenga (2011). Augustinian Perfect Being Theology and the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 69 (2):139-151.score: 12.0
    All of the ingredients for what has become known as Anselmian perfect being theology were present already in the thought of St. Augustine. This paper develops that thesis by calling attention to various claims Augustine makes. It then asks whether there are principled reasons for determining which properties the greatest possible being has and whether an account of what contributes to greatness can settle the question whether the greatest possible being is the same as the God of Abraham, Isaac, (...)
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  36. Itamar Pitowsky (1994). George Boole's 'Conditions of Possible Experience' and the Quantum Puzzle. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (1):95-125.score: 12.0
    In the mid-nineteenth century George Boole formulated his ‘conditions of possible experience’. These are equations and ineqaulities that the relative frequencies of (logically connected) events must satisfy. Some of Boole's conditions have been rediscovered in more recent years by physicists, including Bell inequalities, Clauser Horne inequalities, and many others. In this paper, the nature of Boole's conditions and their relation to propositional logic is explained, and the puzzle associated with their violation by quantum frequencies is investigated in relation to a (...)
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  37. Noam Chomsky, Breaking the Israel-Palestine Deadlock.score: 12.0
    The "delegitimation," which is progressing rapidly, was carried forward in December by a Human Rights Watch call on the U.S."to suspend financing to Israel in an amount equivalent to the costs of Israel's spending in support of settlements," and to monitor contributions to Israel from tax-exempt U.S. organizations that violate international law, "including prohibitions against discrimination" -- which would cast a wide net. Amnesty International had already called for an arms embargo on Israel. The legitimation process also took a long (...)
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  38. Randy L. Friedman (2006). The Challenge of Selective Conscientious Objection in Israel. Theoria 53 (109):79-99.score: 12.0
    Whether refusal is an act of civil disobedience meant to challenge the state politically as a form of protest, or an action which reflects a deep moral objection to the policies of the state, selective conscientious objection presents the state and its citizens with a number of difficult legal and moral challenges. Appeals to authority outside of the state, whether religious or secular, influence both citizenship and the behavior of the government itself. As Israel raises funds to defend IDF officers (...)
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  39. Stephen D. Snobelen (2010). The Theology of Isaac Newton's Principia Mathematica : A Preliminary Survey. Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 52 (4):377-412.score: 12.0
    The first edition of Isaac Newton's famous Principia mathematica (1687) contains only one reference to the Scriptures and one mention of God and natural theology. Thus, there is superficial evidence to suggest that this pivotal work of physics is a mostly secular book that is not fundamentally associated with theology and natural theology. The fact that the General Scholium – with its overt theological and natural theological themes – was only added to the Principia a quarter-century later with the (...)
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  40. John Kilcullen, The Israel/Palestinian Conflict: How Did It Begin? Will It Ever End?score: 12.0
    We all follow the news and we all think about the Israel/Palestine conflict, I believe, but it is not much discussed in this country. Our politicians leave it to the Americans. General Petraeus, in a statement to the US Senate Armed Services Committee, last year, listed this issue as one of the “major drivers of instability, inter-state tensions, and conflict” in the Middle East. “The conflict foments anti- American sentiment,” he said, “due to a perception of U.S. favoritism for Israel”. (...)
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  41. Thomas Murakami (2000). New Critical Theory for the New Millennium: On Ben Agger's Critical Social Theories. Philosophy and Social Criticism 26 (6).score: 12.0
    Agger, Ben, Critical Social Theories - An Introduction (reviewed by Thomas Murakami).
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  42. Noam Chomsky, On Israel, Lebanon and Palestine.score: 12.0
    The "moral justification" is supposed to be that capturing soldiers in a cross border raid, and killing others, is an outrageous crime. We know, for certain, that Israel, the United States and other Western governments, as well as the mainstream of articulate Western opinion, do not believe a word of that. Sufficient evidence is their tolerance for many years of US backed Israeli crimes in Lebanon, including four invasions before this one, occupation in violation of Security Council orders for 22 (...)
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  43. J. Aaron Simmons (2007). What About Isaac? Rereading "Fear and Trembling" and Rethinking Kierkegaardian Ethics. Journal of Religious Ethics 35 (2):319 - 345.score: 12.0
    In this essay I offer a reading of "Fear and Trembling" that responds to critiques of Kierkegaardian ethics as being, as Brand Blanshard claims, "morally nihilistic," as Emmanuel Levinas contends, ethically violent, and, as Alasdair MacIntyre charges, simply irrational. I argue that by focusing on Isaac's singularity as the very condition for Abraham's "ordeal," the book presents a story about responsible subjectivity. Rather than standing in competition with the relation to God, the relation to other people is, thus, inscribed (...)
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  44. S. Waltho (2011). Rethinking Paternalism: An Exploration of Responses to the Israel Patient's Rights Act 1996. Journal of Medical Ethics 37 (9):540-543.score: 12.0
    Questions of patient autonomy have formed an important part of ethical debate in medicine from at least the post-war period onwards. Although initially important as a counterweight to widespread medical paternalism, recent years have seen a reaction against a widely perceived ‘triumph of autonomy’. In particular, competent patients' refusal of life-saving or clearly beneficial treatment presents complex dilemmas for both healthcare professionals and ethicists. Discussion of the mechanism provided by the Israel Patient's Rights Act of 1996 for ethics committees to (...)
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  45. Michael Walzer (1992). The Idea of Holy War in Ancient Israel. Journal of Religious Ethics 20 (2):215 - 228.score: 12.0
    The morally offensive idea of holy and total war, presented by the Deuteronomic authors as a religious duty, perplexes and disturbs us by its cruelty. We can identify in the biblical texts two different accounts of Israel's conquest of Canaan (one of genocidal total war and one of negotiation and limited war) and can examine the development and interplay of these narratives - and their correlative divergent sets of moral laws. Study of these documents suggests that the notion of (...)
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  46. Raphael Cohen-Almagor, The Israel-Hezbollah War and the Winograd Committee.score: 12.0
    On July 12, 2006, the Hezbollah terrorist organization attacked two Israeli Defense Forces' armored Hummer jeeps patrolling along the border with gunfire and explosives, in the midst of massive shelling attacks on Israel's north. Three soldiers were killed in the attack and two were taken hostage. The Israeli Defence Forces (IDF) began heavy artillery and tank fire. Prime Minister Ehud Olmert convened the government on Wednesday night, June 12, 2006 to decide Israel's reaction. The government agreed that the attack had (...)
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  47. Ruth Linn (2002). Soldiers with Conscience Never Die--They Are Just Ignored by Their Society. Moral Disobedience in the Israel Defense Forces. Journal of Military Ethics 1 (2):57-76.score: 12.0
    Throughout the 3-year war in Lebanon (1982-1985) and throughout the 7 years of the first Intifada (1987-1994), about 170 objecting reservists chose to adopt an unconventional mode of moral resolution for their dilemma about service in the conflict: they disobeyed the order to serve in the war zone when their unit was called up. They argued that such service would contradict the dictates of their conscience. At the outset, the intention of most of these reservists was to comply with orders (...)
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  48. Noam Chomsky, The Israel Lobby?score: 12.0
    It was, as noted, published in the London Review of Books, which is far more open to discussion on these issues than US journals -- a matter of relevance (to which I'll return) to the alleged influence of what M-W call "the Lobby." An article in the Jewish journal Forward quotes M as saying that the article was commissioned by a US journal, but rejected, and that "the pro-Israel lobby is so powerful that he and co-author Stephen Walt would never (...)
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  49. R. Jerrold Coombs (1997). In Defense of Israel Scheffler's Conception of Moral Education. Studies in Philosophy and Education 16 (1/2):175-187.score: 12.0
    Israel Scheffler views moral education as having two major objectives: inculcating minimum standards of decent conduct and developing rationality in moral deliberation and judgment. The latter is to be achieved by engaging students in discussions of moral issues in such a way that they come to appreciate and follow standards of rational deliberation and judgment – standards that Scheffler explicates primarily in terms of impartiality. This paper argues that the conception of rational moral deliberation and discussion underlying Scheffler's approach to (...)
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