Search results for 'Isomorphism' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Mauricio Suarez (2003). Scientific Representation: Against Similarity and Isomorphism. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 17 (3):225-244.score: 18.0
    I argue against theories that attempt to reduce scientific representation to similarity or isomorphism. These reductive theories aim to radically naturalize the notion of representation, since they treat scientist's purposes and intentions as non-essential to representation. I distinguish between the means and the constituents of representation, and I argue that similarity and isomorphism are common but not universal means of representation. I then present four other arguments to show that similarity and isomorphism are not the constituents of (...)
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  2. Morten Heine Sørensen (2007). Lectures on the Curry-Howard Isomorphism. Elsevier.score: 18.0
    The Curry-Howard isomorphism states an amazing correspondence between systems of formal logic as encountered in proof theory and computational calculi as found in type theory. For instance, minimal propositional logic corresponds to simply typed lambda-calculus, first-order logic corresponds to dependent types, second-order logic corresponds to polymorphic types, sequent calculus is related to explicit substitution, etc. The isomorphism has many aspects, even at the syntactic level: formulas correspond to types, proofs correspond to terms, provability corresponds to inhabitation, proof normalization (...)
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  3. Michael A. Stadler & Peter Kruse (1994). Gestalt Theory and Synergetics: From Psychophysical Isomorphism to Holistic Emergentism. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):211-226.score: 18.0
    Gestalt theory is discussed as one main precursor of synergetics, one of the most elaborated theories of self-organization. It is a precursor for two reasons: the Gestalt theoretical view of cognitive order-formation comes dose to the central ideas of self-organization. Furthermore both approaches have stressed the significance of non-linear perceptual processes (such as multistability) for the solution of the mind-brain problem. The question of whether Gestalt theory preferred a dualistic or a monistic view of the mind-body relation is answered in (...)
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  4. T. J. M. Bench-Capon & F. P. Coenen (1992). Isomorphism and Legal Knowledge Based Systems. Artificial Intelligence and Law 1 (1):65-86.score: 18.0
    This paper discusses some engineering considerations that should be taken into account when building a knowledge based system, and recommends isomorphism, the well defined correspondence of the knowledge base to the source texts, as a basic principle of system construction in the legal domain. Isomorphism, as it has been used in the field of legal knowledge based systems, is characterised and the benefits which stem from its use are described. Some objections to and limitations of the approach are (...)
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  5. John D. Clemens (2009). Isomorphism of Homogeneous Structures. Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 50 (1):1-22.score: 18.0
    We consider the complexity of the isomorphism relation on countable first-order structures with transitive automorphism groups. We use the theory of Borel reducibility of equivalence relations to show that the isomorphism problem for vertex-transitive graphs is as complicated as the isomorphism problem for arbitrary graphs and determine for which first-order languages the isomorphism problem for transitive countable structures is as complicated as it is for arbitrary countable structures. We then use these results to characterize the complexity (...)
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  6. Aleksander Ivanov (2012). Degrees of Isomorphism Types and Countably Categorical Groups. Archive for Mathematical Logic 51 (1-2):93-98.score: 18.0
    It is shown that for every Turing degree d there is an ω-categorical group G such that the isomorphism type of G is of degree d. We also find an ω-categorical group G such that the isomorphism type of G has no degree.
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  7. Irene Appelbaum (1999). The Dogma of Isomorphism: A Case Study From Speech Perception. Philosophy of Science 66 (3):S250-S259.score: 15.0
    In this paper I provide a metatheoretical analysis of speech perception research. I argue that the central turning point in the history of speech perception research has not been well understood. While it is widely thought to mark a decisive break with what I call "the alphabetic conception of speech," I argue that it instead marks the entrenchment of this conception of speech. In addition, I argue that the alphabetic conception of speech continues to underwrite speech perception research today and (...)
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  8. John Kulvicki (2004). Isomorphism in Information-Carrying Systems. Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 85 (4):380-395.score: 15.0
  9. Bruce L. Brown, Dawson W. Hedges & Edwin E. Gantt (2008). Brain Processes and Holistic Isomorphism: Moving Toward a Humanistic Neuroscience. Journal of Theoretical and Philosophical Psychology 28 (2):356-374.score: 15.0
  10. Edward H. Madden (1957). A Logical Analysis of 'Psychological Isomorphism'. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 8 (November):177-191.score: 15.0
  11. Taneli Huuskonen, Tapani Hyttinen & Mika Rautila (2004). On Potential Isomorphism and Non-Structure. Archive for Mathematical Logic 43 (1):85-120.score: 15.0
    We show in the paper that for any non-classifiable countable theory T there are non-isomorphic models and that can be forced to be isomorphic without adding subsets of small cardinality. By making suitable cardinal arithmetic assumptions we can often preserve stationary sets as well. We also study non-structure theorems relative to the Ehrenfeucht-Fraïssé game.
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  12. Philippe De Groote (ed.) (1995). The Curry-Howard Isomorphism. Academia.score: 15.0
     
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  13. Douglas M. Snyder (1988). On Complementarity and Causal Isomorphism. Journal of Mind and Behavior 9:1-4.score: 15.0
     
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  14. Steven Lehar (2003). Gestalt Isomorphism and the Primacy of Subjective Conscious Experience: A Gestalt Bubble Model. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):357-408.score: 12.0
    A serious crisis is identified in theories of neurocomputation, marked by a persistent disparity between the phenomenological or experiential account of visual perception and the neurophysiological level of description of the visual system. In particular, conventional concepts of neural processing offer no explanation for the holistic global aspects of perception identified by Gestalt theory. The problem is paradigmatic and can be traced to contemporary concepts of the functional role of the neural cell, known as the Neuron Doctrine. In the absence (...)
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  15. Nicholas Shea (2013). Millikan's Isomorphism Requirement. In Dan Ryder, Justine Kingsbury & Kenneth Williford (eds.), Millikan and Her Critics. Wiley-Blackwell.score: 12.0
    Millikan’s theory of content purports to rely heavily on the existence of isomorphisms between a system of representations and the things in the world which they represent — “the mapping requirement for being intentional signs” (Millikan 2004, p. 106). This paper asks whether those isomorphisms are doing any substantive explanatory work. Millikan’s isomorphism requirement is deployed for two main purposes. First, she claims that the existence of an isomorphism is the basic representing relation, with teleology playing a subsidiary (...)
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  16. Gloria Ayob (2009). The Aspect-Perception Passages: A Critical Investigation of Köhler's Isomorphism Principle. Philosophical Investigations 32 (3):264-280.score: 12.0
    In this paper I argue that Wittgenstein's aim in the aspect-perception passages is to critically evaluate a specific hypothesis. The target hypothesis in these passages is the Gestalt psychologist Köhler's "isomorphism principle." According to this principle, there are neural correlates of conscious perceptual experience, and these neural correlates determine the content of our perceptual experiences. Wittgenstein's argument against the isomorphism principle comprises two steps. First, he diffuses the substantiveness of the principle by undermining an important assumption that underpins (...)
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  17. Steven Lehar (1998). Gestalt Isomorphism and the Primacy of the Subjective Perceptual Experience. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):763-764.score: 12.0
    The Gestalt principle of isomorphism reveals the primacy of subjective experience as a valid source of evidence for the information encoded neurophysiologically. This theory invalidates the abstractionist view that the neurophysiological representation can be of lower dimensionality than the percept to which it gives rise.
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  18. Steven French (2003). A Model‐Theoretic Account of Representation (or, I Don't Know Much About Art…but I Know It Involves Isomorphism). Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1472-1483.score: 12.0
    Discussions of representation in science tend to draw on examples from art. However, such examples need to be handled with care given a) the differences between works of art and scientific theories and b) the accommodation of these examples within certain philosophies of art. I shall examine the claim that isomorphism is neither necessary nor sufficient for representation and I shall argue that there exist accounts of representation in both art and science involving isomorphism which accommodate the apparent (...)
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  19. Steven French (2003). A Model-Theoretic Account of Representation (Or, I Don't Know Much About Art...But I Know It Involves Isomorphism). Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1472-1483.score: 12.0
    Recent discussions of the nature of representation in science have tended to import pre-established decompositions from analyses of representation in the arts, language, cognition and so forth. Which of these analyses one favours will depend on how one conceives of theories in the first place. If one thinks of them in terms of an axiomatised set of logico-linguistic statements, then one might be naturally drawn to accounts of linguistic representation in which notions of denotation, for example, feature prominently. If, on (...)
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  20. Robert Van Gulick (1999). Out of Sight but Not Out of Mind: Isomorphism and Absent Qualia. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (6):974-974.score: 12.0
    The isomorphism constraint places plausible limits on the use of third-person evidence to explain color experience but poses no difficulty for functionalists; they themselves argue for just such limits. Palmer's absent qualia claim is supported by neither the Color Machine nor Color Room examples. The nature of color experience depends on relations external to the color space, as well as internal to it.
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  21. Irene Appelbaum (1998). Analytic Isomorphism and Speech Perception. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):748-749.score: 12.0
    The suggestion that analytic isomorphism should be rejected applies especially to the domain of speech perception because (1) the guiding assumption that solving the lack of invariance problem is the key to explaining speech perception is a form of analytic isomorphism, and (2) after nearly half a century of research there is virtually no empirical evidence of isomorphism between perceptual experience and lower-level processing units.
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  22. Bertrand Venard & Mohamed Hanafi (2008). Organizational Isomorphism and Corruption in Financial Institutions: Empirical Research in Emerging Countries. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 81 (2):481 - 498.score: 12.0
    The globalizations of capital markets in the last 20 years has led to a historic degree of financial integration in the world. It is clear, however, that globalization is not conducive to a complete homogeneity of financial markets and institutions. Among others, one element of diversity is the importance of the impact of corruption in emerging countries. Corruption decreases the credibility of financial institutions and markets. Scandals and unethical behavior in financial institutions erode confidence in such firms. Relying on neoinstitutional (...)
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  23. Riccardo Manzotti & Giulio Sandini (2002). What Does “Isomorphism Between Conscious Representations and the Structure of the World” Mean? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (3):346-347.score: 12.0
    Perruchet & Vinter's provocative article challenges a series of interesting issues, yet the concept of isomorphism is troublesome for a series of reasons: (1) isomorphism entails some sort of dualism; (2) isomorphism does not entail that a piece of the world is a representation; and (3) it is extremely difficult to provide an explanation about the nature of the relation of isomorphism.
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  24. E. Scheerer (1994). Psychoneural Isomorphism: Historical Background and Current Relevance. Philosophical Psychology 7 (2):183-210.score: 12.0
    The relevance of Wolfgang K hler's psychoneural isomorphism principle to contemporary cognitive neuroscience is explored. K hler's approach to the mind—body problem is interpreted as a response to the foundational crisis of psychology at the beginning of the twentieth century. Some aspects of his isomorphism doctrine are discussed, with a view to reaching an interpretation that is both historically accurate and pertinent to issues currently debated in the philosophy of psychology. The principle was meant to be empirically verifiable. (...)
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  25. Bertrand Venard (2009). Organizational Isomorphism and Corruption: An Empirical Research in Russia. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 89 (1):59 - 76.score: 12.0
    Based on neo-institutional literature, this article aims to show the influence of organizational isomorphism on corruption. The focus is institutional explanations of corruption. Our model is based on empirical research in Russia at the end of the 1990s. A face-to-face questionnaire was conducted with 552 top executives in private firms across various economic sectors. We used the structural equation model Partial Least Squares, PLS, technique to test our hypotheses. The developed model provides an integrated approach to the study of (...)
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  26. Robert S. Colter (2012). Thought, Perception, and Isomorphism in Aristotle's De Anima. Polish Journal of Philosophy 6 (1):27-39.score: 12.0
    Aristotle contends that in perception the sense organ is “made like” its object, but only “in a certain way.” Much controversy has surrounded these remarks, primarily about how to understand being “made like.” One camp has understood this to require literal exemplification, such that the sense organs manifest the sensible qualities of their objects. Others have understood likeness to require no physical alteration at all in the sense organs.I accept as a starting point in this paper that understanding perceptual likeness (...)
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  27. Riccardo Luccio (2003). Isomorphism and Representationalism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):418-419.score: 12.0
    Lehar tries to build a computational theory that succeeds in offering the same computational model for both phenomenal experience and visual processing. However, the vision that Lehar has about isomorphism in Gestalttheorie as representational, is not adequate. The main limit of Lehar's model derives from this misunderstanding of the relation between phenomenal and physiological levels.
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  28. Robert Van Gulick (1998). Analytical Isomorphism and Marilyn Monroe. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):776-777.score: 12.0
    Pessoa, Thompson & Noë present compelling evidence in support of their central claims about the diversity of filling-in, but they embed those claims within a larger framework that rejects analytical isomorphism and uses the personal/subpersonal distinction to challenge the explanatory importance of filling-in. The latter views seem more problematic.
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  29. Renling Jin (1992). The Isomorphism Property Versus the Special Model Axiom. Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (3):975-987.score: 12.0
    This paper answers some questions of D. Ross in [R]. In § 1, we show that some consequences of the ℵ0- or ℵ1-special model axiom in [R] cannot be proved by the κ-isomorphism property for any cardinal κ. In § 2, we show that with one exception, the ℵ0-isomorphism property does imply the remaining consequences of the special model axiom in [R]. In § 3, we improve a result in [R] by showing that the κ-special model axiom is (...)
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  30. Stephen Pimentel (2006). Formal Identity as Isomorphism in Thomistic Philosophy of Mind. Proceedings of the American Catholic Philosophical Association 80:115-126.score: 12.0
    A central problem within an influential strand of recent philosophy of mind has been to explain the “conformity of mind to thing” that characterizes knowledge. John Haldane has argued that this problem can be best addressed by a development of Thomas Aquinas’s account of the “formal identity” of the knowing subject with the object known. However, such a development is difficult to present in a manner perspicuous to a contemporary audience. This paper seeks to present a persuasive account of formal (...)
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  31. Edmond Wright (1999). Isomorphism: Philosophical Implications. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (6):975-976.score: 12.0
    The originator of the notion of structural isomorphism was the philosopher Roy Wood Sellars. Many modern philosophers are unaware how this notion vitiates their attacks on the concept of an internal sensory presentation. His view that this allowed for corrective feedback undercuts Palmer's belief that there is a mapping of objects. The privacy of subjective experience is also shown not to be inviolable.
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  32. Hedy Amiri & Chad J. Marsolek (2002). Depicting Second-Order Isomorphism and “Depictive” Representations. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):182-183.score: 12.0
    According to Pylyshyn, depictive representations can be explanatory only if a certain kind of first-order isomorphism exists between the mental representations and real-world displays. What about a system with second-order isomorphism (similarities between different mental representations corresponding with similarities between different real-world displays)? Such a system may help to address whether “depictive” representations contribute to the visual nature of imagery.
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  33. Valla Pishva (1998). The Practical and Conceptual Case Against Isomorphism: Evolution and Homomorphism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):768-769.score: 12.0
    The case against analytical isomorphism is made within an evolutionary framework. The relevance to neural filling-in is discussed. Homomorphism is argued for as a conceptually superior substitute for isomorphism, and the implications for the personal/subpersonal distinction are explored.
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  34. Nicholas Shea (forthcoming). Exploitable Isomorphism and Structural Representation. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 64 (2).score: 12.0
    An interesting feature of some sets of representations is that their structure mirrors the structure of the items they represent. Founding an account of representational content on isomorphism, homomorphism or structural resemblance has proven elusive, however, largely because these relations are too liberal when the candidate structure over representational vehicles is unconstrained. Furthermore, in many cases where there is a clear isomorphism, it is not relied on in the way the representations are used. That points to a potential (...)
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  35. Charles Sayward (1981). The Tree Theory and Isomorphism. Analysis 41 (1):6-11.score: 12.0
    A main thesis of Fred Sommers' type theory, is that an isomorphism exists between any natural language and the categories discriminated by that language. Here the author gives an explanation of what this claim comes to. And then it is argued that, so understood, the claim is incompatible with Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory. Finally, it is argued against trying to salvage the isomorphism thesis by appealing to some other set theory.
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  36. Sam Buss, Yijia Chen, Jörg Flum, Sy-David Friedman & Moritz Müller (2011). Strong Isomorphism Reductions in Complexity Theory. Journal of Symbolic Logic 76 (4):1381-1402.score: 12.0
    We give the first systematic study of strong isomorphism reductions, a notion of reduction more appropriate than polynomial time reduction when, for example, comparing the computational complexity of the isomorphim problem for different classes of structures. We show that the partial ordering of its degrees is quite rich. We analyze its relationship to a further type of reduction between classes of structures based on purely comparing for every n the number of nonisomorphic structures of cardinality at most n in (...)
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  37. Cyril Latimer (1998). The Chorus Scheme: Representation or Isomorphism, Holistic or Analytic? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (4):476-477.score: 12.0
    The Chorus scheme could be an important step in the search for solutions to the symbol grounding problem (Harnad 1990), but Edelman does not address the potential difficulties inherent in downgrading differences in favor of similarities in a categorization device. Isomorphism rather than representation is a more coherent way of thinking about Chorus whose modules are probably analytic rather than holistic.
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  38. Riccardo Camerlo (2002). The Relation of Recursive Isomorphism for Countable Structures. Journal of Symbolic Logic 67 (2):879-895.score: 12.0
    It is shown that the relations of recursive isomorphism on countable trees, groups, Boolean algebras, fields and total orderings are universal countable Borel equivalence relations, thus providing a countable analogue of the Borel completeness of the isomorphism relations on these same classes. I.
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  39. Szu-Ting Chen (2011). Imagining the Imaginable: A Reinterpretation of the Function of Economists' Concern About Structural Isomorphism in Economic Theorizing. Journal of Economic Methodology 18 (01):53-78.score: 12.0
    By using a metatheoretical interpretation of the development of international trade theory as an example, I illustrate that, as is manifested in the practices of economic theorization, a theoretical representation can be decomposed into two component representations: a formal representation and a causal narrative representation. I further maintain that, with respect to both component representations, the concern of isomorphism is important in that it is the guiding idea that underlies economists' practice of identifying both an adequate formal model and (...)
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  40. Bernard Harrison (1999). Logical Possibility and the Isomorphism Constraint. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (6):954-955.score: 12.0
    Palmer's “isomorphism constraint” presupposes the logical possibility of two qualitatively disparate sets of sensory experiences exhibiting the same relationships. Two arguments are presented to demonstrate that, because such a state of affairs cannot be coherently specified, its occurrence is not logically possible. The prospects for behavioral and biological science are better than Palmer suggests; those for functionalism are worse.
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  41. Renling Jin & Saharon Shelah (1994). The Strength of the Isomorphism Property. Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (1):292-301.score: 12.0
    In § 1 of this paper, we characterize the isomorphism property of nonstandard universes in terms of the realization of some second-order types in model theory. In § 2, several applications are given. One of the applications answers a question of D. Ross in [this Journal, vol. 55 (1990), pp. 1233-1242] about infinite Loeb measure spaces.
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  42. Marek Polański (2009). Goodman's Extensional Isomorphism and Syntactical Interpretations. Theoria 24 (2):203-211.score: 12.0
    The aim of the present paper is to provide a model-theoretic explication of Nelson Goodman’s concept of extensional isomorphism. The term "extensional isomorphism" has been informally introduced by Nelson Goodman in the beginning paragraph of his The Structure of Appearance. After some conceptual clarications Goodman’s concept of isomorphy turns out to be closely related to some variant of set-theoretic denability and some variants of syntactical interpretability.
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  43. Dejan Todorovic (1998). In Defense of Neuro-Perceptual Isomorphism. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):774-775.score: 12.0
    It is argued that the notion of bridge locus is compatible with distributed representation and brain interconnectivity. Isomorphism is not a dogmatic condition on explanatory adequacy but a refutable hypothesis, superior to Dennett's proposed alternatives. The assumption of type-type neuro-perceptual correspondences is more parsimonious than multiple realizability.
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  44. Ekaterina B. Fokina, Sy-David Friedman, Valentina Harizanov, Julia F. Knight, Charles McCoy & Antonio Montalbán (2012). Isomorphism Relations on Computable Structures. Journal of Symbolic Logic 77 (1):122-132.score: 12.0
    We study the complexity of the isomorphism relation on classes of computable structures. We use the notion of FF-reducibility introduced in [9] to show completeness of the isomorphism relation on many familiar classes in the context of all ${\mathrm{\Sigma }}_{1}^{1}$ equivalence relations on hyperarithmetical subsets of ω.
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  45. Renling Jin (1992). A Theorem on the Isomorphism Property. Journal of Symbolic Logic 57 (3):1011-1017.score: 12.0
    An L-structure is called internally presented in a nonstandard universe if its base set and interpretation of every symbol in L are internal. A nonstandard universe is said to satisfy the κ-isomorphism property if for any two internally presented L-structures U and B, where L has less than κ many symbols, U is elementarily equivalent to B implies that U is isomorphic to B. In this paper we prove that the ℵ1-isomorphism property is equivalent to the ℵ0-isomorphism (...)
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  46. Rumen Dimitrov (2004). Quasimaximality and Principal Filters Isomorphism Between. Archive for Mathematical Logic 43 (3):415-424.score: 12.0
    Let I be a quasimaximal subset of a computable basis of the fully efective vector space V ∞ . We give a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of an isomorphism between the principal filter respectivelly. We construct both quasimaximal sets that satisfy and quasimaximal sets that do not satisfy this condition. With the latter we obtain a negative answer to Question 5.4 posed by Downey and Remmel in [3].
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  47. Rainer Kerth (1998). Isomorphism and Equational Equivalence of Continuous Λ-Models. Studia Logica 61 (3):403-415.score: 12.0
    We will present several results on two types of continuous models of -calculus, namely graph models and extensional models. By introducing a variant of Engeler's model construction, we are able to generalize the results of [7] and to give invariants that determine a large family of graph models up to applicative isomorphism. This covers all graph models considered in the litterature so far. We indicate briefly how these invariants may be modified in order to determine extensional models as well.Furthermore, (...)
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  48. Robert E. Woodrow (1976). A Note on Countable Complete Theories Having Three Isomorphism Types of Countable Models. Journal of Symbolic Logic 41 (3):672-680.score: 12.0
    With quantifier elimination and restriction of language to a binary relation symbol and constant symbols it is shown that countable complete theories having three isomorphism types of countable models are "essentially" the Ehrenfeucht example [4, $\s6$ ].
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  49. Jens Beckert (2010). Institutional Isomorphism Revisited: Convergence and Divergence in Institutional Change. Sociological Theory 28 (2):150 - 166.score: 12.0
    Under the influence of groundbreaking work by John Meyer and Brian Rowen, as well as Paul DiMaggio and Walter Powell, over the last 30 years research in the new sociological institutionalism has focused on processes of isomorphism. I argue that this is a one-sided focus that leaves out many insights from other institutional and macrosociological approaches and does not do justice to actual social change because it overlooks the role played by divergent institutional development. While the suggestion of divergent (...)
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  50. Maja Biernacka (2009). Power, Symbols and the Transformation of Public Discourse. The Case of Spanish Isomorphism. Dialogue and Universalism 19 (6-7):41-45.score: 12.0
    The article presents the processes of public discourse construction and dynamics. On the national level, symbolic processes are related to the position of the country in the international environment. Being a collective political actor on the discursive scene, the country is involved in legitimation mechanisms in the interaction stream with other political actors, i.e. its foreign counterparts. Upon intentions to enter the mainstream European culture after the transition period, Spain became discursively involved in the mutual legitimation procedures involving a number (...)
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