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Profile: Italo Testa (University of Parma)
  1. Andrea Inglese, Guido Mazzoni & Italo Testa (2014). Dire L'Individuale. Tra Poesia, Romanzo E Filosofia. Società Degli Individui 50:111-130.
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  2. Italo Testa (2013). Scepticisme et dialectique des lumières chez le jeune Hegel. In Charles Sébastien & Junqueira-Smith Plinio (eds.), Scepticism in the Eighteenth Century: Enlightenment, Lumières, Aufklärung, International Archives of the History of Ideas / Archives internationales d'histoire des idées, Volume 210, Springer, Heidelbergh/New York/Berlin. Springer. 281-297.
    The meaning of Enlightenment for the young Hegel (1785-1800) is closely related to the historical and theoretical moment in which skepticism became a constitutive aspect of his dialectical conception of philosophy. In this light the paper shows that the problem of skepticism understood as self-reflection of epistemological and social critique is deeply linked in the young Hegel’s writings with the archeology of the very idea of the dialectics of enlightenment.
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  3. Italo Testa (2012). How Does Recognition Emerge From Nature? The Genesis of Consciousness in Hegel’s Jena Writings. Critical Horizons 13 (2):176-196.
    The paper proposes a reconstruction of some fragments of Hegel’s Jena manuscripts concerning the natural genesis of recognitive spiritual consciousness. On this basis it will be argued that recognition has a foothold in nature. As a consequence, recognition should not be understood as a bootstrapping process, that is, as a self-positing and self-justifying normative social phenomenon, intelligible within itself and independently of anything external to it.
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  4. Italo Testa (2012). Hegel's Naturalism, or Soul and Body in the Encyclopedia. In David Stern (ed.), Essays on Hegel’s Philosophy of Subjective Spirit, SUNY Press Albany, New York (pp. 19-35). SUNY Press.
    Paper given at the 20th Biennial Meeting of the Hegel Society of America, University of South Carolina, October 24-26, 2008 -/- The local problem of the soul-body relation can be grasped only against the global background of the relation between Nature and Spirit. This relates to Hegel's naturalism: the idea that there is one single reality - living reality - and different levels of description of it. This implies, moreover, that it is possible to ascribe some form of naturality also (...)
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  5. Italo Testa (2012). Reconstruction and Pragmatist Metaphysics. On Brandom’s Understanding of Rationality. Verifiche: Rivista Trimestrale di Scienze Umane 41 (1-3):175-201.
    In this paper I illustrate what is reconstructive rationality, a notion that remains rather undetermined in Robert Brandom's work. I argue that theoretical and historical thinking are instances of reconstruction and should not be identified with it. I then explore a further instance of rational reconstruction, which Brandom calls “reconstructive metaphysics”, arguing that the demarcation between metaphysical and non-metaphysical theories has to be understood as a pragmatic one. Finally, I argue that Brandom’s reconstructive metaphysics is basically a pragmatist metaphysics. Here (...)
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  6. Italo Testa (2012). Scepsis and Scepticism. In De Laurentis Allegra & Edwards Jeffrey (eds.), The Bloomsbury Companion to Hegel. Bloomsbury/Continuum (2012). Bloomsbury. 273-278.
    Hegel's philosophy aims at responding to the questions raised by modern scepticism concerning the accessibility of the external world, of other minds, and of one's own mind. A key-role in Hegel's argumentative strategy against modern scepticism is played here by Hegel's theory of recognition. Recognition mediates the constitution of individual self-consciousness and intersubjectivity: self-knowledge is not logically independent of the awareness of other minds. At the same time, recognition institutes the possibility of objective reference to the world. In this way, (...)
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  7. Italo Testa (2012). The Respect Fallacy: Limits of Respect in Public Dialogue. In Christian Kock & Lisa Villadsen (ed.), Rhetorical Citizenship and Public Deliberation (pp. 77-92). Penn State University Press.
    Deliberative politics should start from an adequate and differentiated image of our dialogical practices and their normative structures; the ideals that we eventually propose for deliberative politics should be tested against this background. In this article I will argue that equal respect, understood as respect a priori conferred on persons, is not and should not be counted as a constitutive normative ground of public discourse. Furthermore, requiring such respect, even if it might facilitate dialogue, could have negative effects and lead (...)
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  8. Adriano Bugliani & Italo Testa (2011). I mondi di Guido Mazzoni. Iride 24 (1):191-198.
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  9. Paola Cantu' & Italo Testa (2011). Algorithms and Arguments: The Foundational Role of the ATAI-Question. In Frans H. van Eemeren, Bart Garssen, David Godden & Gordon Mitchell (eds.), Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference of the International Society for the Study of Argumentation (pp. 192-203). Rozenberg / Sic Sat.
    Argumentation theory underwent a significant development in the Fifties and Sixties: its revival is usually connected to Perelman's criticism of formal logic and the development of informal logic. Interestingly enough it was during this period that Artificial Intelligence was developed, which defended the following thesis (from now on referred to as the AI-thesis): human reasoning can be emulated by machines. The paper suggests a reconstruction of the opposition between formal and informal logic as a move against a premise of an (...)
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  10. Italo Testa (2011). Alberto Casadei, Poetiche della creatività. Letteratura e scienze della mente. [REVIEW] la Società Degli Individui 42.
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  11. Italo Testa (2011). Social Space and the Ontology of Recognition. In Heikki Ikäheimo Arto Laitinen (ed.), Recognition and Social Ontology. Brill Books (pp. 287-308).
    In this paper recognition is taken to be a question of social ontology, regarding the very constitution of the social space of interaction. I concentrate on the question of whether certain aspects of the theory of recognition can be translated into the terms of a socio-ontological paradigm: to do so, I make reference to some conceptual tools derived from John Searle's social ontology and Robert Brandom's normative pragmatics. My strategy consists in showing that recognitive phenomena cannot be isolated at the (...)
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  12. Italo Testa (2010). La natura del riconoscimento. Riconoscimento naturale e autocoscienza sociale in Hegel. Mimesis.
    My research takes as its guiding thread the statement from Hegel's lectures on the philosophy of spirit of 1805-06, that «cognition is recognition[Erkennen ist Anerkennen]». In this perspective I delineate, first, the consequences of this position for Hegel's epistemology, in particular with reference to the question of skepticism. Then, I show in what sense the recognitive conception of knowledge makes it possible for Hegel to comprehend unitarily, on one hand, cognition as exercise of natural capacities and cognition as exercise of (...)
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  13. Italo Testa, Brandom's Reconstructive Rationality. Some Pragmatist Themes. Towards an Analytic Pragmatism. Workshop on Bob Brandom's Recent Philosophy of Language.
    Abstract. Focusing on part one of Tales of the Mighty Dead and on its relation to the afterword to Between Saying and Doing, I illustrate what reconstructive methodology is and argue that theoretical thinking is one of its instances. I then show that the historical understanding involved in telling the story of a philosophical tradition is another case of reconstruction: one that deepens our understanding of the retrospective character of reconstruction itself, adding something new to our conception of rationality. I (...)
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  14. Italo Testa (2009). Criticism and Normativity. Brandom and Habermas Between Kant and Hegel. In D. Canale G. Tuzet (ed.), The Rules of Inference. Inferentialism in Law and Philosophy, Egea, Milano. Egea (pp. pp. 29-44).
    In this paper, making reference to Robert Brandom's philosophical proposal - and against the background of Brandom's debate with Jürgen Habermas - I shall endeavor, first, to define the relation between recognition and normativity and then between recognition and criticism; in the final part of the paper I shall suggest a perspective that approaches recognition in terms of capacities. On this basis I attempt to see the critical attitude as something that is founded more on individual potentials than on formal (...)
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  15. Italo Testa (2009). Recognition, Skepticism and Self-Consciousness in the Young Hegel. Fenomenologia E Società 32 (2):117-132.
    The theory of recognition arises within Hegel's confrontation with epistemological skepticism and aims at responding to the questions raised by modern skepticism concerning the accessibility of the external world, of other minds, and of one's own mind. This is possible to the extent that the theory of recognition is the guiding thread of a critique of the modern foundational theory of knowledge and, at the same time, the point of departure for an alternative approach. In this article I will dwell (...)
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  16. Italo Testa (2009). Second Nature and Recognition: Hegel and the Social Space. Critical Horizons 10 (3):341-370.
    In this article I intend to show the strict relation between the notions of “second nature” and “recognition”. To do so I begin with a problem (circularity) proper to the theory of Hegelian and post- Hegelian Anerkennung. The solution strategy I propose is signifi cant also in terms of bringing into focus the problems connected with a notion of “space of reasons” that stems from the Hegelian concept of “Spirit”. I thus broach the notion of “second nature” as a bridgeconcept (...)
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  17. Italo Testa (2008). Selbstbewußtsein und zweite Natur. In Klaus Vieweg & Wolfgang Welsh (eds.), Hegels Phänomenologie des Geistes - Ein kooperativer Kommentar zu einem Schlüsselwerk der Moderne, Suhrkamp, Frankfurt am Main, 2008. Suhrkamp. 286-307.
    My aim in this paper is to bring into focus the concept of self-consciousness showing the reciprocal connection between the notions of recognition and second nature. The very evolution of Hegel's thought from the writings of his youth to those of his maturity reveals a strict connection between these notions. This reading will be justified through an articulate interpretation of the "Self-consciousness" section of the Phenomenology and then through an interpretation of the systematic connection between this text and the section (...)
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  18. Italo Testa (2008). Uno sguardo di passaggio. Mimesi e desiderio nelle Ho­rae canonicae di Wystan H. Auden [A passing glance. Mimesis and desire in Horae canonicae of Wystan H. Auden]. [REVIEW] la Società Degli Individui 33:68-83.
    In Horae canonicae W. H. Auden ha messo a tema la dimensione mi­metica della condizione umana. Il saggio ricostruisce in tal senso l’an­tropologia negativa di Auden, prendendo le mosse dall’analisi del desi­de­rio di riconoscimento quale elemento centrale dell’identità storica. Attra­ver­so una lettura dei motivi della folla e del doppio, e sullo sfondo del poe­ma The Age of Anxiety e della produzione saggistica di Auden, si mo­stra che la «routine della lode e del biasimo» innesca meccanismi imi­tativi di sdoppiamento e rivalità (...)
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  19. Italo Testa (2007). Criticism From Within Nature: The Dialectic Between First and Second Nature From McDowell to Adorno. Philosophy and Social Criticism 33 (4):473-497.
    I tackle the definition of the relation between first and second nature while examining some problems with McDowell's conception. This, in the first place, will bring out the need to extend the notion of second nature to the social dimension, understanding it not just as `inner' second nature — individual mind — but also as `outer' second nature — objective spirit. In the second place the dialectical connection between these two notions of second nature will point the way to a (...)
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  20. Italo Testa (2007). Dopo la natura. la Società Degli Individui 28:5-8.
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  21. Italo Testa (2007). Storia naturale e seconda natura. Adorno e il problema di una conciliazione non fondativa [Natural history and second nature. Adorno and the problem of a unfoundationalist conciliation]. la Società Degli Individui 28:37-52.
    Negli scritti dei primi anni trenta Adorno si propone di superare l’antitesi fra natura e storia senza ricadere in un modello fondativo di conciliazione. Attraverso una critica della ripresa nella filosofia contemporanea dell’ac­cezione mitica della natura come origine e come invariante , Adorno intende recuperare il carattere polisemico dell’esperien­za della natura e del suo intreccio paradossale con la storia. Il concetto di ‘seconda natura’, ripreso attraverso il confronto con Lukács e con Benja­min, e connesso con le nozioni di ‘caducità’ e (...)
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  22. Paola Cantù & Italo Testa (2006). Teorie dell’argomentazione. Un’introduzione alle logiche del dialogo. Bruno Mondadori.
    TABLE OF CONTENTS -/- I. La rinascita novecentesca 1. Chaïm Perelman: la nuova retorica 2. Stephen Toulmin: la pratica logica e l’uso degli argomenti 3. Ragionamento e linguaggio: la logica naturale di Jean-Blaise Grize -/- II. La logica informale 1. Informale vs. formale? 2. Il concetto di argomento 3. La ripresa della teoria di Paul Grice 4. La ricostruzione degli argomenti 5. La valutazione degli argomenti: le fallacie 6. Il network problem -/- III. Dialogo e dialettica 1. La logica dialogica (...)
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  23. Durs Grünbein & Italo Testa (2006). Anatomia dell’io Un dialogo su lirica e soggettività. la Società Degli Individui 25:99-124.
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  24. Alan Millar, Sandro Nannini & Italo Testa (2006). Naturalism in Question, a Cura di Mario De Caro E David McArthur. Iride 19 (2):409-420.
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  25. Elena Sassi, Gabriella Monroy & Italo Testa (2005). Teacher Training About Real‐Time Approaches: Research‐Based Guidelines and Training Materials. Science Education 89 (1):28-37.
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  26. Italo Testa (2005). Conoscere e riconoscere: L'epistemologia hegeliana del riconoscimento e il passaggio dalla prima alla seconda natura. Giornale di Metafisica 27 (1):121-143.
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  27. Italo Testa (2005). L’uguaglianza Opaca. la Società Degli Individui 24:155-162.
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  28. Italo Testa (2004). Ragione ed espressione. la Società Degli Individui 21:145-146.
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  29. Sergio Dellavalle, Robert Pippin & Italo Testa (2003). Discussione su "Il dolore dell'indeterminato" di Axel Honneth. Iride 16 (3):609-624.
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  30. Italo Testa (2003). Familiarità con sé e relazione ad altri [Self-Intimacy and Relation with Others]. la Società Degli Individui 17.
    L’articolo mostra che la teoria hegeliana del riconoscimento è alternativa rispetto alla concezione tradizionale dell’autocoscienza e alle teorie del punto di vista soggettivo. Dopo un confronto con le obiezioni sollevate da D. Henrich e M. Frank contro la teoria del riconoscimento, si mostra come il punto di vista espresso da Hegel potrebbe essere ricostruito all’interno della costellazione contemporanea. Nell’ultima sezione si sostiene che la nozione di “familiarità con sé”, utilizzata da Henrich e Frank contro le teorie dell’intersoggettività, può essere integrata (...)
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  31. Italo Testa (2003). Hegelian Pragmatism and Social Emancipation: An Interview with Robert Brandom. Constellations 10 (4):554-570.
  32. Italo Testa (2003). Ragione e relazione la fenomenologia di hegel corne tropologia. Giornale di Metafisica 25 (2):371-392.
    This article deals with the question of skepticism within Hegel's Phenomenology. The article reconstructs the role played by the tropes of ancient skepticism in Hegel's criticism of foundationalism and monological thinking. Furthermore, the skeptical method applied by Hegel is read as a sort of negative dialectics that is constitutive of a relational theory of rationality, and which culminates in his conception of the Absolute Knowing as speculative tropology.
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  33. Italo Testa (2003). Skeptische Antinomie und Anerkennung beim jungen Hegel. In Klaus Vieweg & Brady Bowman (eds.), “Kritisches Jahrbuch der Philosophie”, 8 (2003). Königshausen und Neumann. 171-178.
  34. Italo Testa (2002). Hegel critico e scettico. Illuminismo, repubblicanesimo e antinomia alle origini della dialettica. Il Poligrafo.
  35. Italo Testa (2002). Idealismo e normatività. Robert Brandom e la ricezione americana di Hegel. Iride 15 (2):297-316.
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  36. Italo Testa (2000). Individualità e critica. la Società Degli Individui 9:3.
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  37. Italo Testa (1999). Friedrich A. von Hayek, Individualismo: quello vero e quello falso. [REVIEW] la Società Degli Individui 4.
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