Search results for 'Itzhak Fishov' (try it on Scholar)

36 found
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  1.  25
    Patrick Amar, Pascal Ballet, Georgia Barlovatz-Meimon, Arndt Benecke, Gilles Bernot, Yves Bouligand, Paul Bourguine, Franck Delaplace, Jean-Marc Delosme, Maurice Demarty, Itzhak Fishov, Jean Fourmentin-Guilbert, Joe Fralick, Jean-Louis Giavitto, Bernard Gleyse, Christophe Godin, Roberto Incitti, François Képès, Catherine Lange, Lois Le Sceller, Corinne Loutellier, Olivier Michel, Franck Molina, Chantal Monnier, René Natowicz, Vic Norris, Nicole Orange, Helene Pollard, Derek Raine, Camille Ripoll, Josette Rouviere-Yaniv, Milton Saier, Paul Soler, Pierre Tambourin, Michel Thellier, Philippe Tracqui, Dave Ussery, Jean-Claude Vincent, Jean-Pierre Vannier, Philippa Wiggins & Abdallah Zemirline (2002). Hyperstructures, Genome Analysis and I-Cells. Acta Biotheoretica 50 (4):357-373.
    New concepts may prove necessary to profit from the avalanche of sequence data on the genome, transcriptome, proteome and interactome and to relate this information to cell physiology. Here, we focus on the concept of large activity-based structures, or hyperstructures, in which a variety of types of molecules are brought together to perform a function. We review the evidence for the existence of hyperstructures responsible for the initiation of DNA replication, the sequestration of newly replicated origins of replication, cell division (...)
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  2.  1
    Nofit Itzhak (2015). Making Selves and Meeting Others in Neo-Shamanic Healing. Ethos 43 (3):286-310.
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  3.  2
    Uriel Barak (2015). Kabbalah Versus Philosophy: Rabbi Avraham Itzhak Kook’s Critique of the Spiritual World of Franz Rosenzweig. Journal of Jewish Thought and Philosophy 23 (1):27-59.
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  4.  16
    Olivier Roy (2012). Rational Choice, Itzhak Gilboa, MIT Press, 2010, Xv + 158 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 28 (1):102-107.
    Book Reviews Olivier Roy, Economics and Philosophy, FirstView Article.
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  5. Kolmogorov'S. Complexity Measure & L. Simpucism (1994). Itzhak Gilboa. In Dag Prawitz & Dag Westerståhl (eds.), Logic and Philosophy of Science in Uppsala. Kluwer 205.
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  6. Itzhak Bentov (1977/1988). Stalking the Wild Pendulum: On the Mechanics of Consciousness. Distributed to the Book Trade in the U.S. By Harper and Row.
    In his exciting and original view of the universe, Itzhak Bentov has provided a new perspective on human consciousness and its limitless possibilities. Widely known and loved for his delightful humor and imagination, Bentov explains the familiar world of phenomena with perceptions that are as lucid as they are thrilling. He gives us a provocative picture of ourselves in an expanded, conscious, holistic universe. _.
     
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  7. Itzhak Gilboa (2012). Rational Choice. The MIT Press.
    This book offers a rigorous, concise, and nontechnical introduction to some of the fundamental insights of rational choice theory. It draws on formal theories of microeconomics, decision making, games, and social choice, and on ideas developed in philosophy, psychology, and sociology. Itzhak Gilboa argues that economic theory has provided a set of powerful models and broad insights that have changed the way we think about everyday life. He focuses on basic insights of the rational choice paradigm--the general conceptualization rather (...)
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  8. Rossella Argenziano & Itzhak Gilboa (2012). History as a Coordination Device. Theory and Decision 73 (4):501-512.
    Coordination games often have multiple equilibria. The selection of equilibrium raises the question of belief formation: how do players generate beliefs about the behavior of other players? This article takes the view that the answer lies in history, that is, in the outcomes of similar coordination games played in the past, possibly by other players. We analyze a simple model in which a large population plays a game that exhibits strategic complementarities. We assume a dynamic process that faces different populations (...)
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  9.  24
    Itzhak Gilboa, Andrew Postlewaite & David Schmeidler (2012). Rationality of Belief Or: Why Savage's Axioms Are Neither Necessary nor Sufficient for Rationality. [REVIEW] Synthese 187 (1):11-31.
    Economic theory reduces the concept of rationality to internal consistency. As far as beliefs are concerned, rationality is equated with having a prior belief over a “Grand State Space”, describing all possible sources of uncertainties. We argue that this notion is too weak in some senses and too strong in others. It is too weak because it does not distinguish between rational and irrational beliefs. Relatedly, the Bayesian approach, when applied to the Grand State Space, is inherently incapable of describing (...)
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  10.  5
    Yakir Levin & Itzhak Aharon (2014). Emotion, Utility Maximization, and Ecological Rationality. Mind and Society 13 (2):227-245.
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  11.  23
    Itzhak Gilboa, Andrew Postlewaite & David Schmeidler (forthcoming). Rationality of Belief. Synthese.
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  12.  23
    Itzhak Gilboa, Andrew Postlewaite & David Schmeidler (2009). Is It Always Rational to Satisfy Savage's Axioms? Economics and Philosophy 25 (3):285-296.
    This note argues that, under some circumstances, it is more rational not to behave in accordance with a Bayesian prior than to do so. The starting point is that in the absence of information, choosing a prior is arbitrary. If the prior is to have meaningful implications, it is more rational to admit that one does not have sufficient information to generate a prior than to pretend that one does. This suggests a view of rationality that requires a compromise between (...)
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  13.  22
    Nanthia Suthana & Itzhak Fried (2012). Percepts to Recollections: Insights From Single Neuron Recordings in the Human Brain. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 16 (8):427-436.
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  14.  74
    Alfredo Di Tillio, Itzhak Gilboa & Larry Samuelson (2013). The Predictive Role of Counterfactuals. Theory and Decision 74 (2):167-182.
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  15.  1
    Itzhak Gilboa (2010). Rational Choice. The MIT Press.
    A nontechnical, concise, and rigorous introduction to the rational choice paradigm,focusing on basic insights applicable in fields ranging from economics to philosophy.
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  16.  32
    Itzhak Galnoor (2009). Academic Freedom Under Political Duress: Israel. Social Research: An International Quarterly 76 (2):541-560.
  17.  37
    Itzhak Gilboa, Offer Lieberman & David Schmeidler (2010). On the Definition of Objective Probabilities by Empirical Similarity. Synthese 172 (1):79 - 95.
    We suggest to define objective probabilities by similarity-weighted empirical frequencies, where more similar cases get a higher weight in the computation of frequencies. This formula is justified intuitively and axiomatically, but raises the question, which similarity function should be used? We propose to estimate the similarity function from the data, and thus obtain objective probabilities. We compare this definition to others, and attempt to delineate the scope of situations in which objective probabilities can be used.
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  18.  21
    Itzhak Gilboa & David Schmeidler (2004). Subjective Distributions. Theory and Decision 56 (4):345-357.
    A decision maker has to choose one of several random variables whose distributions are not known. As a Bayesian, she behaves as if she knew the distributions. In this paper we suggest an axiomatic derivation of these (subjective) distributions, which is more economical than the derivations by de Finetti or Savage. Whereas the latter derive the whole joint distribution of all the available random variables, our approach derives only the marginal distributions. Correspondingly, the preference questionnaire needed in our case is (...)
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  19.  19
    Raphael Cohen-Almagor & Itzhak Yanovitzky (2001). Speech, Media and Ethics—The Limits of Free Expression: Critical Studies on Freedom of Expression, Freedom of the Press and the Public's Right to Know. Science and Engineering Ethics 7 (3):447.
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  20.  11
    R. Quian Quiroga, Gabriel Kreiman, Christof Koch & Itzhak Fried (2008). Sparse but Not 'Grandmother-Cell'coding in the Medial Temporal Lobe. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (3):87-91.
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  21.  4
    Itzhak Gilboa (2015). Rationality and the Bayesian Paradigm. Journal of Economic Methodology 22 (3):312-334.
    It is argued that, contrary to a rather prevalent view within economic theory, rationality does not imply Bayesianism. The note begins by defining these terms and justifying the choice of these definitions, proceeds to survey the main justification for this prevalent view, and concludes by highlighting its weaknesses.
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  22.  3
    Itzhak Gilboa (1999). Can Free Choice Be Known. In Cristina Bicchieri, Richard C. Jeffrey & Brian Skyrms (eds.), The Logic of Strategy. Oxford University Press 163--174.
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  23.  12
    Yair Neuman & Itzhak Orion (2007). Why Are Three-Dimensional Organisms Composed of Two-Dimensional Layers? Foundations of Science 12 (1):1-7.
    Multicellular organisms are ensembles of quasi-two-dimensional structures (sheets) of various kinds. Why should the development of all organisms be mediated by a quasi-two-dimensional structure? Why does such development avoid a direct confrontation with the third dimension? In this paper, we accept the challenge of addressing this question from the perspective of computational geometry and suggest that the construction of three-dimensional organisms may be explained by the constraints imposed on a bottom-up construction process.
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  24.  15
    Enriqueta Aragones, Itzhak Gilboa & Andrew Weiss (2011). Making Statements and Approval Voting. Theory and Decision 71 (4):461-472.
    We assume that people have a need to make statements, and construct a model in which this need is the sole determinant of voting behavior. In this model, an individual selects a ballot that makes as close a statement as possible to her ideal point, where abstaining from voting is a possible (null) statement. We show that in such a model, a political system that adopts approval voting may be expected to enjoy a significantly higher rate of participation in elections (...)
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  25.  24
    Yakir Levin & Itzhak Aharon (2011). What's on Your Mind? A Brain Scan Won't Tell. Review of Philosophy and Psychology 2 (4):699-722.
    Reverse Inference ( RI ) is an imaging-based type of inference from brain states to mental states, which has become highly widespread in neuroscience, most especially in neuroeconomics. Recent critical studies of RI may be taken to show that, if cautiously used, RI can help achieve research goals that may be difficult to achieve by way of behavior-based procedures alone. But can RI exceed the limits of these procedures and achieve research goals that are impossible for them to achieve alone? (...)
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  26.  6
    James C. Gaa & Itzhak Krinsky (1988). The Demand for Regulation of Financial Disclosures: The Case of the Insurance Industry. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (1-2):29 - 39.
    Policyholders and other claimants in insurance companies are interested in solidity, i.e., the ability of insurers to meet their claims obligations in both the short run and the long run. Insurance regulators exist in order to represent the interests of consumers. Great emphasis is placed by the regulators of the market on the mandatory and uniform disclosure of relevant financial and operating aspects of insurers. This paper employs simple gametheoretic techniques to address two aspects of the general issue of the (...)
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  27.  5
    Itzhak Hadani & Bela Julesz (1994). Computational Aspects of Motion Perception During Self-Motion. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (2):319.
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  28.  3
    Itzhak Roeh (1991). Monologue, Dialogue et Idéologie : le discours de l'égalité à la radio israélienne 1957 à 1987. Hermes 8:131.
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  29.  6
    Itzhak Gilboa (2011). Why the Empty Shells Were Not Fired: A Semi-Bibliographical Note. Episteme 8 (3):301-308.
    This note documents Aumann's reason for omitting the “empty shells” argument for the common prior assumption from the final version of “Correlated Equilibrium as an Expression of Bayesian Rationality.” It then continues to discuss the argument and concludes that rational entities cannot learn their own identity; if they do not know it a priori, they never will.
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  30. Itzhak Aharon, Sacha Bourgeois-Gironde & Yakir Levin (2015). Special Issue on “Complexity Modeling in Social Science and Economics”. Mind and Society 14 (2):153-154.
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  31. Marcello Basili, Nicola Dimitri & Itzhak Gilboa (eds.) (2015). Cognitive Processes and Economic Behaviour. Routledge.
    In recent years the understanding of the cognitive foundations of economic behavior has become increasingly important. This volume contains contributions from such leading scholars as Adam Brandenburger, Michael Bacharach and Patrick Suppes. It will be of great interest to academics and researchers involved in the field of economics and psychology as well as those interested in political economy more generally.
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  32. Itzhak Gilboa, Offer Lieberman & David Schmeidler (2009). On the Definition of Objective Probabilities by Empirical Similarity. Synthese 172 (1):79-95.
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  33. Itzhak Gilboa (2015). The World in the Model: How Economists Work and Think, by Mary S. Morgan, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2012, 435 Pp.A World of Models: Review of Mary S. Morgan, The World in the Model: How Economists Work and Think. [REVIEW] Journal of Economic Methodology 22 (2):235-240.
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  34. Itzhak Goldberg (2002). Installation matière. Rue Descartes 4 (4):54-64.
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  35. Yakir Levin & Itzhak Aharon (2015). Complexity and Individual Psychology. Mind and Society 14 (2):203-219.
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  36. Itzhak Mano & Monica Driscoll (1999). DEG/ENaC Channels: A Touchy Superfamily That Watches its Salt. Bioessays 21 (7):568-578.
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