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Profile: Iwao Hirose (McGill University)
  1. Iwao Hirose & Jonas Olson (eds.) (forthcoming). Oxford Handbook of Value Theory. Oxford University Press.
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  2. Iwao Hirose & Andrew Reisner (forthcoming). Weighing and Reasoning: A Festschrift for John Broome. Oxford University Press.
    This book is a collection of 15 new papers celebrating the work and career of John Broome. Publication is expected in spring 2015.
     
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  3. Greg Bognar & Iwao Hirose (2014). The Ethics of Health Care Rationing: An Introduction. Routledge.
    Should organ transplants be given to patients who have waited the longest, or need it most urgently, or those whose survival prospects are the best? The rationing of health care is universal and inevitable, taking place in poor and affluent countries, in publicly funded and private health care systems. Someone must budget for as well as dispense health care whilst aging populations severely stretch the availability of resources. The Ethics of Health Care Rationing is a clear and much-needed introduction to (...)
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  4. Iwao Hirose (2014). Egalitarianism. Routledge.
    Some people are worse off than others. Does this fact give rise to moral concern? Egalitarianism claims that it does, for a wide array of reasons. It is one of the most important and hotly debated problems in moral and political philosophy, occupying a central place in the work of John Rawls, Thomas Nagel, G. A. Cohen and Derek Parfit. It also plays an important role in practical contexts such as the allocation of health care resources, the design of education (...)
     
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  5. Iwao Hirose (2013). Aggregation and the Separateness of Persons. Utilitas 25 (2):182-205.
    Many critics of utilitarianism claim that we should reject interpersonal aggregation because aggregative principles do not take the separateness of persons seriously. In this article, I will reject this claim. I will first elucidate the theoretical structure of aggregation. I will then consider various interpretations of the notion of the separateness of persons and clarify what exactly those critics are trying to reject by appealing to the notion of the separateness of persons. I will argue that none of these interpretations (...)
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  6. Iwao Hirose (2012). Persons, Interests, and Justice, Nils Holtug, Oxford University Press, 2010, 356 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 28 (1):98-102.
    Book Reviews Iwao Hirose, Economics and Philosophy , FirstView Article(s).
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  7. Dan Brock, Eric Cavallero, Norman Daniels, Nir Eyal, Iwao Hirose, Adi Koplovitz, Martin McIvor, David Miller, Ole Norheim & Daniel Schwartz (2011). Shlomi Segall. In Carl Knight & Zofia Stemplowska (eds.), Responsibility and Distributive Justice. Oxford University Press.
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  8. Iwao Hirose (2010). Should We Select People Randomly? Bioethics 24 (1):45-46.
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  9. Iwao Hirose (2009). Reconsidering the Value of Equality. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 87 (2):301-312.
    Some people believe that the equality of people's well-being makes an outcome better, other things being constant. Call this Telic Egalitarianism. In this paper I will propose a new interpretation of Telic Egalitarianism, and compare it with the interpretation that is proposed by Derek Parfit 1995 and widely accepted by many philosophers. I will argue that my proposed interpretation is more plausible than Parfit's. One of the virtues in my interpretation is that it shows his Levelling Down Objection does not (...)
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  10. Iwao Hirose (2008). Why Be Formal? In David Leopold & Marc Stears (eds.), Political Theory: Methods and Approaches. Oxford University Press.
  11. Iwao Hirose (2007). Review Article: Aggregation and Non-Utilitarian Moral Theories. Journal of Moral Philosophy 4 (2):273-284.
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  12. Iwao Hirose (2007). Weighted Lotteries in Life and Death Cases. Ratio 20 (1):45–56.
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  13. Iwao Hirose (2006). Review of Serena Olsaretti, Liberty, Desert, and the Market: A Philosophical Study. [REVIEW] Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2006 (4).
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  14. Iwao Hirose (2005). Intertemporal Distributive Judgement. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 8 (4):371 - 386.
    This paper considers the simple two-person two-period case of distributive judgement, and argues (a) that sensible intertemporal distributive principle should consider both the distribution of people's life time well-being and the distribution of people's well-being at each period and (b) that, if (a) is correct, Egalitarianism is more acceptable than Prioritarianism since the latter must choose either one.
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  15. Iwao Hirose (2004). Aggregation and Numbers. Utilitas 16 (1):62-79.
    This article considers the reach of arguments for saving the greater number without interpersonal aggregation, and argues that interpersonal aggregation is useful to encompass the proper respect due to each separate person. I first give a precise definition of interpersonal aggregation, which many non-utilitarians try to avoid. Then, I show that consequentialism and Scanlon can justify the case for the greater number without interpersonal aggregation. However, I propose the Aggregation Approach, which justifies the case for the greater number in some (...)
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  16. Iwao Hirose (2001). Saving the Greater Number Without Combining Claims. Analysis 61 (4):341–342.
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  17. Iwao Hirose, Equality, Priority, and Aggregation.
    In this dissertation, I discuss two distributive principles in moral philosophy: Derek Parfit's Prioritarianism and Egalitarianism. I attempt to defend a version of Egalitarianism, which I call Weighted Egalitarianism. Although Parfit claims that Egalitarianism is subject to what he calls the Levelling Down Objection, I show (a) that my proposed Weighted Egalitarianism is not subject to the Objection, and (b) that it gives priority to the worse off people. The real difference between the two principles lies in how the weight (...)
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