Search results for 'J. Alexander Dale' (try it on Scholar)

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  1.  47
    Edouard Machery, Jean-Louis Dessalles, Fiona Cowie & Jason Alexander (2010). Symposium on J.-L. Dessalles's Why We Talk (OUP, 2007): Precis by J.-L. Dessalles, Commentaries by E. Machery, F. Cowie, and J. Alexander, Replies by J.-L. Dessalles. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 25 (5):851-901.
    This symposium discusses J.-L. Dessalles's account of the evolution of language, which was presented in Why we Talk (OUP 2007).
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  2.  46
    J. Alexander Dale, Janyce Hyatt & Jeff Hollerman (2007). The Neuroscience of Dance and the Dance of Neuroscience: Defining a Path of Inquiry. Journal of Aesthetic Education 41 (3):89-110.
    : This paper represents the authors' attempt to provide a useful framework for discussing and investigating the links between the apparently disparate disciplines of neuroscience and dance. This attempt arose from an interdisciplinary course offering on this topic. A clear need apparent in preparing for an exploration of such uncharted territory was for some definition of the relevant landmarks in the form of a conceptual framework. The current status of that developing framework is presented here, as we consider the historical (...)
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  3.  8
    Doron Avital, Ninah Beliavsky, Michael Benton, Jacqueline Chanda, J. Alexander Dale, Janyce Hyatt, Jeff Hollerman, Jerry Farber, Peter Howarth & Kanako Ide (2007). Index to Volume 41. Journal of Aesthetic Education 41 (4).
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  4.  5
    R. Ackermann, G. Aichholzer, J. Alexander, T. J. Allen, H. Arendt, J. M. Atienza & Atting Tw (2005). Index of Names Abbarno, J., 122n, 128 Abetti, G., 184n, 202 Achterhuis, H., 37. In Wenceslao J. González (ed.), Science, Technology and Society: A Philosophical Perspective. Netbiblo
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  5. G. E. Appelbe, J. Wingfield & J. R. Dale (1993). Dale and Appelbe's Pharmacy Law and Ethics. Monograph Collection (Matt - Pseudo).
     
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  6. Paul J. Alexander (1964). De Administrando ImperioConstantine Porphyrogenitus F. Dvornik R. J. H. Jenkins B. Lewis Gy. Moravcsik D. Obolensky S. Runciman. [REVIEW] Speculum 39 (3):558-561.
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  7.  18
    S. Alexander (1893). Book Review:Notes on the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle. J. A. Stewart; The Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle. J. E. C. Welldon. [REVIEW] Ethics 4 (1):123-.
  8.  13
    A. M. Dale (1955). Sophocles F. J. H. Letters: The Life and Work of Sophocles. Pp. Ix +310. London: Sheed & Ward, 1953. Cloth, 18s. Net. The Classical Review 5 (01):39-40.
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  9.  14
    A. M. Dale (1954). J. C. Opstelten : Sophocles and Greek Pessimism. Translated From the Dutch by J. A. Ross. Pp.250. Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Company, 1952. Cloth, 25s. Net. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 4 (3-4):290-.
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  10.  5
    Jean-Louis Dessalles, Edouard Machery, Fiona Cowie & Jason Mckenzie Alexander (2010). Symposium on J.-L. Dessalles's Why We Talk. Biology and Philosophy 25 (5).
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  11.  5
    Jonathan Alexander (1998). Robert Deshman, The Benedictional of Æthelwold. (Studies in Manuscript Illumination, 9.) Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1995. Pp. Xxiii, 287 Plus 35 Color Plates and 213 Black-and-White Figures; 4 Text Figures. $99.50. [REVIEW] Speculum 73 (1):168-170.
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  12.  9
    A. M. Dale (1955). W. J. W. Koster: Traité de Métrique Grecque Suivi d'Un Précis de Métrique Latine. Deuxième Édition Augmentée. Pp. Vii+380. Leyden: Sijthoff, 1953. Cloth, Fl. 32.50. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 5 (02):204-205.
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  13.  7
    A. M. Dale (1934). H. J. Rose: Hygini Fabulae. (Text, with Critical and Explanatory Notes, Introduction and Appendix, in Latin.) Pp. Xxxi + 216. Leyden: Sijthoff. Paper, Fl. 10.50 (Bound, 11.50). [REVIEW] The Classical Review 48 (05):196-.
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  14.  7
    Franz Alexander (1950). Book Review:Authoritarianism and the Individual. Harold W. Metz, Charles A. H. Thompson; The Authoritarian Personality. T. W. Adorno, Else Frenkel-Brunswik, Daniel J. Levinson, R. Nevitt Sanford. [REVIEW] Ethics 61 (1):76-.
  15.  7
    A. M. Dale (1937). Greek Metre W. J. W. Koster: Traité de Métrique Grecque. Suivi d'un Précis de Métrique Latine. Pp. ii + 328. Leyden: Sijthoff, 1936. Paper, fl. 8 (cloth, 9). [REVIEW] The Classical Review 51 (02):79-80.
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  16.  2
    Ian W. Alexander & Regis Jolivet (1950). Introduction a Kierkegaard.Les Doctrines Existentialistes de Kierkegaard a J.-P. Sartre. Philosophical Quarterly 1 (1):79.
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  17.  4
    Ian W. Alexander (1962). French Free-Thought From Gassendi to Voltaire. By J. S. Spink. (University of London, The Athlone Press, 1960. Pp. Ix + 345. Price 50s.). [REVIEW] Philosophy 37 (142):369-.
  18. P. Alexander (1956). CHAUDHURY, P. J. -The Philosophy of Science. [REVIEW] Mind 65:567.
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  19. Michael Alexander (1982). J. A. W. Bennett. Poetry of the Passion: Studies in Twelve Centuries of English Verse. Pp. 240. £17.50. [REVIEW] Religious Studies 18 (4):547.
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  20. S. Alexander (1885). J. Roycè, The Religious Aspect of Philosophy. [REVIEW] Mind 10:599.
     
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  21. S. Alexander (1891). J. S. Mackenzie, An Introduction to Social Philosophy. [REVIEW] Mind 16:114.
     
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  22. S. Alexander (1893). Notes on the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle, by J. A. Stewart. Ethics 4:123.
     
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  23. S. Alexander (1893). Notes on the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle.J. A. StewartThe Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle.J. E. C. Welldon. International Journal of Ethics 4 (1):123-126.
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  24. P. Alexander (1966). SMART, J. J. C. - "Philosophy and Scientific Realism". [REVIEW] Mind 75:442.
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  25. H. G. Alexander (1952). YOUNG, J. Z. -Doubt and Certinty in Science. [REVIEW] Mind 61:423.
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  26. Jeffrey Alexander, Grigory Olkhovikov & Dmitry Kurakin (2012). Watergate as Democratic Ritual. Russian Sociological Review 11 (3):77-104.
    The paper promotes a cultural sociological analysis of one of the most significant and hard-to-explain events in American history when the initial act of breaking and entering into the Democratic Party headquarters at the Watergate Hotel first didn't attract any substantial attention of contemporaries but later initiated a widespread political crisis. J. Alexander considers the dynamics, mechanisms and consequences of the event and its public resonance, building an explanatory model based on his cultural sociological theory. This model allows to (...)
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  27.  12
    J. McKenzie Alexander (2014). Learning to Signal in a Dynamic World. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 65 (4):797-820.
    Sender–receiver games, first introduced by David Lewis ([1969]), have received increased attention in recent years as a formal model for the emergence of communication. Skyrms ([2010]) showed that simple models of reinforcement learning often succeed in forming efficient, albeit not necessarily minimal, signalling systems for a large family of games. Later, Alexander et al. ([2012]) showed that reinforcement learning, combined with forgetting, frequently produced both efficient and minimal signalling systems. In this article, I define a ‘dynamic’ sender–receiver game in (...)
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  28. Denis R. Alexander & Ronald L. Numbers (eds.) (2010). Biology and Ideology From Descartes to Dawkins. University of Chicago Press.
    Over the course of human history, the sciences, and biology in particular, have often been manipulated to cause immense human suffering. For example, biology has been used to justify eugenic programs, forced sterilization, human experimentation, and death camps—all in an attempt to support notions of racial superiority. By investigating the past, the contributors to _Biology and Ideology from Descartes to Dawkins_ hope to better prepare us to discern ideological abuse of science when it occurs in the future. Denis R. (...) and Ronald L. Numbers bring together fourteen experts to examine the varied ways science has been used and abused for nonscientific purposes from the fifteenth century to the present day. Featuring an essay on eugenics from Edward J. Larson and an examination of the progress of evolution by Michael J. Ruse, _Biology and Ideology_ examines uses both benign and sinister, ultimately reminding us that ideological extrapolation continues today. An accessible survey, this collection will enlighten historians of science, their students, practicing scientists, and anyone interested in the relationship between science and culture. (shrink)
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  29. Larry Alexander, Kimberly Kessler Ferzan & Stephen J. Morse (2012). Crime and Culpability: A Theory of Criminal Law. Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents a comprehensive overview of what the criminal law would look like if organised around the principle that those who deserve punishment should receive punishment commensurate with, but no greater than, that which they deserve. Larry Alexander and Kimberly Kessler Ferzan argue that desert is a function of the actor's culpability, and that culpability is a function of the risks of harm to protected interests that the actor believes he is imposing and his reasons for acting in (...)
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  30. Larry Alexander, Kimberly Kessler Ferzan & Stephen J. Morse (2009). Crime and Culpability: A Theory of Criminal Law. Cambridge University Press.
    This book presents a comprehensive overview of what the criminal law would look like if organised around the principle that those who deserve punishment should receive punishment commensurate with, but no greater than, that which they deserve. Larry Alexander and Kimberly Kessler Ferzan argue that desert is a function of the actor's culpability, and that culpability is a function of the risks of harm to protected interests that the actor believes he is imposing and his reasons for acting in (...)
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  31.  30
    Sanford I. Nidich, Randi J. Nidich & Charles N. Alexander (2000). Moral Development and Higher States of Consciousness. Journal of Adult Development. Special Issue 1949 (4):217-225.
  32.  4
    J. Chateau & S. Alexander (1962). Order and Disorder in Children's Play. Diogenes 10 (40):61-81.
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  33. J. A. Davison & A. M. Dale (1948). The Lyric Metres of Greek Drama. Journal of Hellenic Studies 68:158.
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  34. Estelle R. Jorgensen, Frederik Pio, Øivind Varkøy, J. Paul Louth, Peter Dale & Deborah L. Pierce (2012). 7. In Dialogue. Philosophy of Music Education Review 20 (2).
     
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  35. J. McKenzie Alexander (2009). Social Deliberation: Nash, Bayes, and the Partial Vindication of Gabriele Tarde. Episteme 6 (2):164-184.
    At the very end of the 19th century, Gabriele Tarde wrote that all society was a product of imitation and innovation. This view regarding the development of society has, to a large extent, fallen out of favour, and especially so in those areas where the rational actor model looms large. I argue that this is unfortunate, as models of imitative learning, in some cases, agree better with what people actually do than more sophisticated models of learning. In this paper, I (...)
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  36. J. McKenzie Alexander (2015). Cheap Talk, Reinforcement Learning, and the Emergence of Cooperation. Philosophy of Science 82 (5):969-982.
    Cheap talk has often been thought incapable of supporting the emergence of cooperation because costless signals, easily faked, are unlikely to be reliable. I show how, in a social network model of cheap talk with reinforcement learning, cheap talk does enable the emergence of cooperation, provided that individuals also temporally discount the past. This establishes one mechanism that suffices for moving a population of initially uncooperative individuals to a state of mutually beneficial cooperation even in the absence of formal institutions.
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  37. David J. Alexander (2013). The Problem of Respecting Higher-Order Doubt. Philosophers' Imprint 13 (18).
    This paper argues that higher-order doubt generates an epistemic dilemma. One has a higher-order doubt with regards to P insofar as one justifiably withholds belief as to what attitude towards P is justified. That is, one justifiably withholds belief as to whether one is justified in believing, disbelieving, or withholding belief in P. Using the resources provided by Richard Feldman’s recent discussion of how to respect one’s evidence, I argue that if one has a higher-order doubt with regards to P, (...)
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  38. A. J. Dale (1986). Thing Statements and Appearance Statements. Analysis 46 (1):26 - 28.
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  39. J. McKenzie Alexander (2012). Why the Angels Cannot Choose. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (4):619 - 640.
    Decision theory faces a number of problematic gambles which challenge it to say what value an ideal rational agent should assign to the gamble, and why. Yet little attention has been devoted to the question of what an ideal rational agent is, and in what sense decision theory may be said to apply to one. I show that, given one arguably natural set of constraints on the preferences of an idealized rational agent, such an agent is forced to be indifferent (...)
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  40. J. McKenzie Alexander (2010). Robustness, Optimality, and the Handicap Principle. Biology and Philosophy 25 (5).
  41. J. McKenzie Alexander (2001). Group Dynamics in the State of Nature. Erkenntnis 55 (2):169-182.
    One common interpretation of the Hobbesian state of nature views itas a social dilemma, a natural extension of the well-knownprisoner''s dilemma to a group context. Kavka (1986)challenges this interpretation, suggesting that the appropriate wayto view the state of nature is as a quasi social dilemma. Iargue that Hobbes''s remarks on the rationality of keeping covenantsin the state of nature indicate that the quasi social dilemma doesnot accurately represent the state of nature. One possiblesolution, I suggest, views the state of nature (...)
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  42. J. C. Alexander (2013). The Arc of Civil Liberation Obama–Tahrir–Occupy. Philosophy and Social Criticism 39 (4-5):341-347.
    Despite anxieties about the growing power of neo-liberalism, the crisis of the EU and the upsurge of right-wing political movements, it is important to recognize that utopian movements on the left have also in recent years been symbolically revitalized and organizationally sustained. This article analyses three recent social upheavals as utopian civil society movements, placing the 2008 US presidential campaign of Barack Obama, the Egyptian uprising in Tahrir Square and the Occupy Movement in the USA inside the narrative arc that (...)
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  43. Peter Vanderschraaf & J. McKenzie Alexander (2005). Follow the Leader: Local Interactions with Influence Neighborhoods. Philosophy of Science 72 (1):86-113.
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  44. J. McKenzie Alexander (2007). The Structural Evolution of Morality. Cambridge University Press.
    It is certainly the case that morality governs the interactions that take place between individuals. But what if morality exists because of these interactions? This book argues for the claim that much of the behaviour we view as 'moral' exists because acting in that way benefits each of us to the greatest extent possible, given the socially structured nature of society. Drawing upon aspects of evolutionary game theory, the theory of bounded rationality, and computational models of social networks, it shows (...)
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  45.  50
    A. J. Dale (1980). Mathematical Logic and the Substitutional Account of Entailment. Analysis 40 (4):203 - 205.
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  46.  89
    J. McKenzie Alexander (2013). Preferential Attachment and the Search for Successful Theories. Philosophy of Science 80 (5):769-782.
    Multiarm bandit problems have been used to model the selection of competing scientific theories by boundedly rational agents. In this paper, I define a variable-arm bandit problem, which allows the set of scientific theories to vary over time. I show that Roth-Erev reinforcement learning, which solves multiarm bandit problems in the limit, cannot solve this problem in a reasonable time. However, social learning via preferential attachment combined with individual reinforcement learning which discounts the past, does.
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  47. J. McKenzie Alexander (2011). Expectations and Choiceworthiness. Mind 120 (479):803-817.
    The Pasadena game is an example of a decision problem which lacks an expected value, as traditionally conceived. Easwaran (2008) has shown that, if we distinguish between two different kinds of expectations, which he calls ‘strong’ and ‘weak’, the Pasadena game lacks a strong expectation but has a weak expectation. Furthermore, he argues that we should use the weak expectation as providing a measure of the value of an individual play of the Pasadena game. By considering a modified version of (...)
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  48. J. McKenzie Alexander (2000). Evolutionary Explanations of Distributive Justice. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):490-516.
    Evolutionary game theoretic accounts of justice attempt to explain our willingness to follow certain principles of justice by appealing to robustness properties possessed by those principles. Skyrms (1996) offers one sketch of how such an account might go for divide-the-dollar, the simplest version of the Nash bargaining game, using the replicator dynamics of Taylor and Jonker (1978). In a recent article, D'Arms et al. (1998) criticize his account and describe a model which, they allege, undermines his theory. I sketch a (...)
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  49.  63
    A. J. Dale (1985). Is the Future Unreasonable? Analysis 45 (4):179 - 183.
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  50.  97
    J. M. Alexander (2013). On the Redress of Grievances. Analysis 73 (2):228-230.
    Consider the problem of allocating a scarce resource to people. A fair decision procedure is one where each person has an equal chance of receiving the resource. An unfair decision procedure is one where the chances are not equal. Normally we think that, in an unfair decision procedure, that the correct way to redress the injustice is by rerunning the allocation using a fair decision procedure. In this paper, I show that this actually creates an overall bias favouring one person, (...)
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