Search results for 'J. Alexander Dale' (try it on Scholar)

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  1. Edouard Machery, Jean-Louis Dessalles, Fiona Cowie & Jason Alexander (2010). Symposium on J.-L. Dessalles's Why We Talk (OUP, 2007): Precis by J.-L. Dessalles, Commentaries by E. Machery, F. Cowie, and J. Alexander, Replies by J.-L. Dessalles. [REVIEW] Biology and Philosophy 25 (5):851-901.score: 480.0
    This symposium discusses J.-L. Dessalles's account of the evolution of language, which was presented in Why we Talk (OUP 2007).
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  2. J. Alexander Dale, Janyce Hyatt & Jeff Hollerman (2007). The Neuroscience of Dance and the Dance of Neuroscience: Defining a Path of Inquiry. Journal of Aesthetic Education 41 (3):89-110.score: 290.0
    : This paper represents the authors' attempt to provide a useful framework for discussing and investigating the links between the apparently disparate disciplines of neuroscience and dance. This attempt arose from an interdisciplinary course offering on this topic. A clear need apparent in preparing for an exploration of such uncharted territory was for some definition of the relevant landmarks in the form of a conceptual framework. The current status of that developing framework is presented here, as we consider the historical (...)
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  3. Doron Avital, Ninah Beliavsky, Michael Benton, Jacqueline Chanda, J. Alexander Dale, Janyce Hyatt, Jeff Hollerman, Jerry Farber, Peter Howarth & Kanako Ide (2007). Index to Volume 41. Journal of Aesthetic Education 41 (4).score: 290.0
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  4. R. Ackermann, G. Aichholzer, J. Alexander, T. J. Allen, H. Arendt, J. M. Atienza & Atting Tw (2005). Index of Names Abbarno, J., 122n, 128 Abetti, G., 184n, 202 Achterhuis, H., 37. In Wenceslao J. González (ed.), Science, Technology and Society: A Philosophical Perspective. Netbiblo.score: 210.0
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  5. J. McKenzie Alexander (forthcoming). Learning to Signal in a Dynamic World. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axt044.score: 150.0
    Sender–receiver games, first introduced by David Lewis ([1969]), have received increased attention in recent years as a formal model for the emergence of communication. Skyrms ([2010]) showed that simple models of reinforcement learning often succeed in forming efficient, albeit not necessarily minimal, signalling systems for a large family of games. Later, Alexander et al. ([2012]) showed that reinforcement learning, combined with forgetting, frequently produced both efficient and minimal signalling systems. In this article, I define a ‘dynamic’ sender–receiver game in (...)
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  6. Sanford I. Nidich, Randi J. Nidich & Charles N. Alexander (2000). Moral Development and Higher States of Consciousness. Journal of Adult Development. Special Issue 1949 (4):217-225.score: 140.0
  7. J. Chateau & S. Alexander (1962). Order and Disorder in Children's Play. Diogenes 10 (40):61-81.score: 140.0
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  8. J. A. Davison & A. M. Dale (1948). The Lyric Metres of Greek Drama. Journal of Hellenic Studies 68:158.score: 140.0
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  9. Estelle R. Jorgensen, Frederik Pio, Øivind Varkøy, J. Paul Louth, Peter Dale & Deborah L. Pierce (2012). 7. In Dialogue. Philosophy of Music Education Review 20 (2).score: 140.0
     
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  10. David J. Alexander (2013). The Problem of Respecting Higher-Order Doubt. Philosophers' Imprint 13 (18).score: 120.0
    This paper argues that higher-order doubt generates an epistemic dilemma. One has a higher-order doubt with regards to P insofar as one justifiably withholds belief as to what attitude towards P is justified. That is, one justifiably withholds belief as to whether one is justified in believing, disbelieving, or withholding belief in P. Using the resources provided by Richard Feldman’s recent discussion of how to respect one’s evidence, I argue that if one has a higher-order doubt with regards to P, (...)
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  11. J. McKenzie Alexander (2007). The Structural Evolution of Morality. Cambridge University Press.score: 120.0
    It is certainly the case that morality governs the interactions that take place between individuals. But what if morality exists because of these interactions? This book argues for the claim that much of the behaviour we view as 'moral' exists because acting in that way benefits each of us to the greatest extent possible, given the socially structured nature of society. Drawing upon aspects of evolutionary game theory, the theory of bounded rationality, and computational models of social networks, it shows (...)
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  12. David J. Alexander (2011). In Defense of Epistemic Circularity. Acta Analytica 26 (3):223-241.score: 120.0
    In this paper I defend epistemic circularity by arguing that the “No Self-Support” principle (NSS) is false. This principle, ultimately due to Fumerton ( 1995 ), states that one cannot acquire a justified belief in the reliability of a source of belief by trusting that very source. I argue that NSS has the skeptical consequence that the trustworthiness of all of our sources ultimately depends upon the trustworthiness of certain fundamental sources – sources that we cannot justifiably believe to be (...)
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  13. J. McKenzie Alexander (2003). Random Boolean Networks and Evolutionary Game Theory. Philosophy of Science 70 (5):1289-1304.score: 120.0
    Recent years have seen increased interest in the question of whether it is possible to provide an evolutionary game theoretic explanation for certain kinds of social norms. These explanatory approaches often rely on the fact that, in certain evolutionary models, the basin of attraction of "fair" or "just" strategies occupies a certain percentage of the state space. I sketch a proof of a general representation theorem for a large class of evolutionary game theoretic models played on a social network, in (...)
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  14. J. McKenzie Alexander (2000). Evolutionary Explanations of Distributive Justice. Philosophy of Science 67 (3):490-516.score: 120.0
    Evolutionary game theoretic accounts of justice attempt to explain our willingness to follow certain principles of justice by appealing to robustness properties possessed by those principles. Skyrms (1996) offers one sketch of how such an account might go for divide-the-dollar, the simplest version of the Nash bargaining game, using the replicator dynamics of Taylor and Jonker (1978). In a recent article, D'Arms et al. (1998) criticize his account and describe a model which, they allege, undermines his theory. I sketch a (...)
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  15. J. McKenzie Alexander (2001). Group Dynamics in the State of Nature. Erkenntnis 55 (2):169-182.score: 120.0
    One common interpretation of the Hobbesian state of nature views itas a social dilemma, a natural extension of the well-knownprisoner''s dilemma to a group context. Kavka (1986)challenges this interpretation, suggesting that the appropriate wayto view the state of nature is as a quasi social dilemma. Iargue that Hobbes''s remarks on the rationality of keeping covenantsin the state of nature indicate that the quasi social dilemma doesnot accurately represent the state of nature. One possiblesolution, I suggest, views the state of nature (...)
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  16. David J. Alexander (2012). Weak Inferential Internalism. Journal of Philosophical Research 37:357-377.score: 120.0
    Inferential internalism holds that for one to be inferentially justified in believing P on the basis of E one must be justified in believing that E makes probable P. Inferential internalism has long been accused of generating a vicious regress on inferential justification that has drastic skeptical consequences. However, recently Hookway and Rhoda have defended a more modest form of internalism that avoids this problem. They propose a form of weak inferential internalism according to which internalist conditions are restricted to (...)
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  17. David J. Alexander (2012). Inferential Internalism and Reflective Defeat. Philosophia 40 (3):497-521.score: 120.0
    Inferential Internalists accept the Principle of Inferential Justification (PIJ), according to which one has justification for believing P on the basis of E only if one has justification for believing that E makes probable P. Richard Fumerton has defended PIJ by appeal to examples, and recently Adam Leite has argued that this principle is supported by considerations regarding the nature of responsible belief. In this paper, I defend a form of externalism against both arguments. This form of externalism recognizes what (...)
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  18. J. McKenzie Alexander (2011). Expectations and Choiceworthiness. Mind 120 (479):803-817.score: 120.0
    The Pasadena game is an example of a decision problem which lacks an expected value, as traditionally conceived. Easwaran (2008) has shown that, if we distinguish between two different kinds of expectations, which he calls ‘strong’ and ‘weak’, the Pasadena game lacks a strong expectation but has a weak expectation. Furthermore, he argues that we should use the weak expectation as providing a measure of the value of an individual play of the Pasadena game. By considering a modified version of (...)
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  19. J. McKenzie Alexander, Reconciling Morality with the Theory of Rational Choice Via Evolution.score: 120.0
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  20. Paul J. Alexander (1978). The Medieval Legend of the Last Roman Emperor and its Messianic Origin. Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 41:1-15.score: 120.0
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  21. J. McKenzie Alexander, Evolutionary Game Theory.score: 120.0
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  22. David J. Alexander (2012). Weak Inferential Internalism is Indistinguishable From Externalism – A Reply to Rhoda. Journal of Philosophical Research 37:387-394.score: 120.0
    In “Weak Inferential Internalism” I defended the frequently voiced criticism that any internalist account of inferential justification generates a vicious regress. My defense involved criticizing a recent form of internalism, “Weak Inferential Internalism” (WII) defended by Hookway and Rhoda. I argued that while WII does not generate a vicious regress, the position is only distinguishable from externalism insofar as it makes an arbitrary distinction between individuals who believe for the very same reason. Either way, WII is not a defensible internalist (...)
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  23. J. McKenzie Alexander (2012). Why the Angels Cannot Choose. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (4):619 - 640.score: 120.0
    Decision theory faces a number of problematic gambles which challenge it to say what value an ideal rational agent should assign to the gamble, and why. Yet little attention has been devoted to the question of what an ideal rational agent is, and in what sense decision theory may be said to apply to one. I show that, given one arguably natural set of constraints on the preferences of an idealized rational agent, such an agent is forced to be indifferent (...)
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  24. J. McKenzie Alexander (2010). Local Interactions and the Dynamics of Rational Deliberation. Philosophical Studies 147 (1):103 - 121.score: 120.0
    Whereas The Stag Hunt and the Evolution of Social Structure supplements Evolution of the Social Contract by examining some of the earlier work’s strategic problems in a local interaction setting, no equivalent supplement exists for The Dynamics of Rational Deliberation . In this article, I develop a general framework for modeling the dynamics of rational deliberation in a local interaction setting. In doing so, I show that when local interactions are permitted, three interesting phenomena occur: (a) the attracting deliberative equilibria (...)
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  25. J. McKenzie Alexander (2006). The Stag Hunt and the Evolution of Social Structure, Brian Skyrms. Cambridge University Press, 2004, 149 Pages. [REVIEW] Economics and Philosophy 22 (3):441-448.score: 120.0
  26. A. J. Dale (1985). Hare on Supervenience: Remarks on R.M. Hare's Supervenience. Mind 94 (October):599-600.score: 120.0
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  27. J. C. Alexander (2013). The Arc of Civil Liberation Obama–Tahrir–Occupy. Philosophy and Social Criticism 39 (4-5):341-347.score: 120.0
    Despite anxieties about the growing power of neo-liberalism, the crisis of the EU and the upsurge of right-wing political movements, it is important to recognize that utopian movements on the left have also in recent years been symbolically revitalized and organizationally sustained. This article analyses three recent social upheavals as utopian civil society movements, placing the 2008 US presidential campaign of Barack Obama, the Egyptian uprising in Tahrir Square and the Occupy Movement in the USA inside the narrative arc that (...)
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  28. David J. Alexander (2011). Epistemology Modalized. Teaching Philosophy 34 (1):69-72.score: 120.0
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  29. Peter Alexander, A. J. Ayer, P. F. Strawson, G. P. Henderson, John M. Hems, Roy Harris, Anthony Kenny, Ninian Smart, K. C. Barclay, Mary Hesse & A. C. Lloyd (1966). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 75 (182):442-461.score: 120.0
  30. A. J. Dale & A. Tanesini (1989). Why Are Italians More Reasonable Than Australians? Analysis 49 (4):189 - 194.score: 120.0
  31. E. H. Hollands, R. W. Sellars, A. W. Moore, B. H. Bode, E. S. Ames, G. D. Walcott, Edwin D. Starbuck, J. M. Mecklin, H. B. Alexander, V. T. Thayer, R. C. Lodge, Ellsworth Faris & Edward L. Schaub (1917). The Seventeenth Annual Meeting of the Western Philosophical Association. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 14 (15):403-414.score: 120.0
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  32. J. McKenzie Alexander (2002). Behaviorism and Altruistic Acts. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):252-252.score: 120.0
    Rachlin's idea that altruism, like self-control, is a valuable, temporally extended pattern of behavior, suggests one way of addressing common problems in developing a rational choice explanation of individual altruistic behavior. However, the form of Rachlin's explicitly behaviorist account of altruistic acts suffers from two faults, one of which questions the feasibility of his particular behaviorist analysis.
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  33. J. Davidson Alexander (1979). Kant, Hegel and the Problem of Grounds. Kant-Studien 70 (1-4):451-470.score: 120.0
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  34. J. M. Alexander (2013). On the Redress of Grievances. Analysis 73 (2):228-230.score: 120.0
    Consider the problem of allocating a scarce resource to people. A fair decision procedure is one where each person has an equal chance of receiving the resource. An unfair decision procedure is one where the chances are not equal. Normally we think that, in an unfair decision procedure, that the correct way to redress the injustice is by rerunning the allocation using a fair decision procedure. In this paper, I show that this actually creates an overall bias favouring one person, (...)
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  35. S. Alexander (1893). Book Review:Notes on the Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle. J. A. Stewart; The Nicomachean Ethics of Aristotle. J. E. C. Welldon. [REVIEW] Ethics 4 (1):123-.score: 120.0
  36. George J. Alexander (1982). Freedom and Insanity. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 3 (3):343-350.score: 120.0
    The paper describes the refusal of the liberal community to assert the right of persons accused of mental illness to be free of coercive psychiatric intrusion. It suggests that the penchant for benevolent governmental intrusion into other social problems may be at fault and recommends that intervention be abandoned in favor of a return to human autonomy as a basis of the concept of freedom.
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  37. J. McKenzie Alexander, The Evolutionary Foundations of Human Altruism.score: 120.0
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  38. Isaiah Berlin, P. F. Strawson, R. Rhees, F. E. Sparshott, Michael Scriven, R. F. Holland, Jonathan Harrison, H. G. Alexander, C. A. Mace, J. L. Evans, D. A. Rees, W. Mays, C. K. Grant, Basil Mitchell & G. C. J. Midgley (1952). New Books. [REVIEW] Mind 61 (243):405-439.score: 120.0
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  39. A. J. Dale (1984). The Disjunctive Syllogism and Subjunctive Conditionals. Philosophical Quarterly 34 (135):152-156.score: 120.0
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  40. J. McKenzie Alexander, Game Theory.score: 120.0
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  41. A. J. Dale (1984). INUS Conditions. Analysis 44 (4):186 - 188.score: 120.0
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  42. J. McKenzie Alexander, Cheap Talk, Reinforcement Learning and the Emergence of Cooperation.score: 120.0
    Cheap talk has often been thought incapable of supporting the emergence of cooperation because costless signals, easily faked, are unlikely to be reliable (Zahavi and Zahavi, 1997). I show how, in a social network model of cheap talk with reinforcement learning, cheap talk does enable the emergence of cooperation, provided that individuals also temporally discount the past. This establishes one mechanism that suffices for moving a population of initially uncooperative individuals to a state of mutually beneficial cooperation even in the (...)
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  43. A. M. Dale (1954). J. C. Opstelten : Sophocles and Greek Pessimism. Translated From the Dutch by J. A. Ross. Pp.250. Amsterdam: North Holland Publishing Company, 1952. Cloth, 25s. Net. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 4 (3-4):290-.score: 120.0
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  44. J. K. Alexander (2006). Economic Instability and the Unfortunate, and Unavoidable, Consequences of Acting Ethically. Journal of Business Ethics 66 (2-3):147 - 155.score: 120.0
    In this paper I describe and analyze an economic situation involving two competitive organizations. I put forth the argument that because of the systemic nature of decision making relative to managing the requirements of utilizing a descriptive equation that determines how many people an economic system can support, that even if all the players in the situation act ethically, the results will still be harmful, and necessarily so, to the system and to many innocent people. I will demonstrate that harming (...)
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  45. J. McKenzie Alexander (2010). Robustness, Optimality, and the Handicap Principle. Biology and Philosophy 25 (5).score: 120.0
  46. William Irvine, Richard Alexander & J. W. Burrow, Lecture 7. Charles Darwin on the Moral Faculties.score: 120.0
    The basic idea of his Origin of Species is that in nature there is a process similar to what goes on in the breeding of domestic plants and animals. If a breeder wants to produce a variety with certain characteristics, he/she keeps an eye out for individuals that have some approximation to those characteristics and breeds from them and not from individuals that do not have something like the desired characteristics. The other individuals may be destroyed, or they may just (...)
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  47. J. McKenzie Alexander (2009). Social Deliberation: Nash, Bayes, and the Partial Vindication of Gabriele Tarde. Episteme 6 (2):164-184.score: 120.0
    At the very end of the 19th century, Gabriele Tarde wrote that all society was a product of imitation and innovation. This view regarding the development of society has, to a large extent, fallen out of favour, and especially so in those areas where the rational actor model looms large. I argue that this is unfortunate, as models of imitative learning, in some cases, agree better with what people actually do than more sophisticated models of learning. In this paper, I (...)
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  48. A. J. Dale (1989). Anti-Realism and Logic. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (2):213-217.score: 120.0
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  49. F. U. T. Aepinus, Archibald Alexander, Archibald Alison, John Anderson, Maria Rosa Antognazza, Thomas Aquinas, D. M. Armstrong, Antione Arnauld, J. L. Austin & Johann Sebastian Bach (2004). Index of Names and Subjects. In Terence Cuneo Rene van Woudenberg (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Thomas Reid. Cambridge University Press. 361.score: 120.0
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  50. A. J. Dale (1996). Beyond the Limits of Thought by Graham Priest Cambridge University Press, 1995, 274 Pp., £35.00. [REVIEW] Philosophy 71 (276):308-.score: 120.0
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