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Joseph Berkovitz [26]J. Berkovitz [4]
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Profile: Joseph Berkovitz (University of Toronto)
  1. Joseph Berkovitz (2002). On Causal Loops in the Quantum Realm. In T. Placek & J. Butterfield (eds.), Non-Locality and Modality. Kluwer 235--257.
  2.  19
    Joseph Berkovitz (2015). The Propensity Interpretation of Probability: A Re-Evaluation. Erkenntnis 80 (3):629-711.
    Single-case and long-run propensity theories are among the main objective interpretations of probability. There have been various objections to these theories, e.g. that it is difficult to explain why propensities should satisfy the probability axioms and, worse, that propensities are at odds with these axioms, that the explication of propensities is circular and accordingly not informative, and that single-case propensities are metaphysical and accordingly non-scientific. We consider various propensity theories of probability and their prospects in light of these objections. We (...)
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  3.  43
    Joseph Berkovitz, Roman Frigg & Fred Kronz (2006). The Ergodic Hierarchy, Randomness and Hamiltonian Chaos☆. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 37 (4):661-691.
    Various processes are often classified as both deterministic and random or chaotic. The main difficulty in analysing the randomness of such processes is the apparent tension between the notions of randomness and determinism: what type of randomness could exist in a deterministic process? Ergodic theory seems to offer a particularly promising theoretical tool for tackling this problem by positing a hierarchy, the so-called ‘ergodic hierarchy’ (EH), which is commonly assumed to provide a hierarchy of increasing degrees of randomness. However, that (...)
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  4. J. Berkovitz (1995). What Econometrics Cannot Teach Quantum Mechanics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 26 (2):163-200.
    Cartwright (1989) and Humphreys (1989) have suggested theories of probabilistic causation for singular events, which are based on modifications of traditional causal linear modelling. On the basis of her theory, Cartwright offered an allegedly local, and non-factorizable, common-cause model for the EPR experiment. In this paper I consider Cartwright's and Humphrey's theories. I argue that, provided plausible assumptions obtain, local models for EPR in the framework of these theories are committed to Bell inequalities, which are violated by experiment.
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  5. Joseph Berkovitz (2000). The Nature of Causality in Quantum Phenomena. Theoria 15 (1):87-122.
    The correlations between distant systems in typical quantum situations, such as Einstein-Podolosky-Rosen experiments, strongly suggest that the quantum realm involves curious types of non-Iocal influences. In this paper, I study in detail the nature of these non-Iocal influences, as depicted by various quantum theories. I show how different quantum theories realise non-Iocality in different ways, whichreflect different ontological settings.
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  6.  20
    Joseph Berkovitz, Roman Frigg & Fred Kronz (2006). The Ergodic Hierarchy, Randomness and Hamiltonian Chaos. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 37 (4):661-691.
    Various processes are often classified as both deterministic and random or chaotic. The main difficulty in analysing the randomness of such processes is the apparent tension between the notions of randomness and determinism: what type of randomness could exist in a deterministic process? Ergodic theory seems to offer a particularly promising theoretical tool for tackling this problem by positing a hierarchy, the so-called ‘ergodic hierarchy’, which is commonly assumed to provide a hierarchy of increasing degrees of randomness. However, that notion (...)
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  7.  67
    Joseph Berkovitz (2008). Action at a Distance in Quantum Mechanics. In Edward N. Zalta (ed.), The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  8. Joseph Berkovitz (2008). On Predictions in Retro-Causal Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 39 (4):709-735.
  9.  36
    Roman Frigg & Joseph Berkovitz (2011). The Ergodic Hierarchy. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    The so-called ergodic hierarchy (EH) is a central part of ergodic theory. It is a hierarchy of properties that dynamical systems can possess. Its five levels are egrodicity, weak mixing, strong mixing, Kolomogorov, and Bernoulli. Although EH is a mathematical theory, its concepts have been widely used in the foundations of statistical physics, accounts of randomness, and discussions about the nature of chaos. We introduce EH and discuss how its applications in these fields.
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  10.  38
    Joseph Berkovitz & Meir Hemmo (2005). Can Modal Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics Be Reconciled with Relativity? Philosophy of Science 72 (5):789-801.
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  11.  96
    J. Berkovitz (1998). Aspects of Quantum Non-Locality I: Superluminal Signalling, Action-at-a-Distance, Non-Separability and Holism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 29 (2):183-222.
    In this paper and its sequel, I consider the significance of Jarrett's and Shimony's analyses of the so-called factorisability condition for clarifying the nature of quantum non-locality. In this paper, I focus on four types of non-locality: superluminal signalling, action -at-a-distance, non-separability and holism. In the second paper, I consider a fifth type of non-locality: superluminal causation according to 'logically weak' concepts of causation, where causal dependence requires neither action nor signalling. In this connection, I pay special attention to the (...)
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  12.  99
    J. Berkovitz (1998). Aspects of Quantum Non-Locality II: Superluminal Causation and Relativity. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 29 (4):509-545.
    In a preceding paper, I studied the significance of Jarrett's and Shimony's analyses of 'factorisability' into 'parameter independence' and 'outcome independence' for clarifying the nature of non-locality in quantum phenomena. I focused on four types of non-locality; superluminal signalling, action-at-a-distance, non-separability and holism. In this paper, I consider a fifth type of non-locality: superluminal causation according to 'logically weak' concepts of causation, where causal dependence requires neither action nor signalling. I conclude by considering the compatibility of non-factorisable theories with relativity (...)
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  13.  17
    Joseph Berkovitz (2012). The World According to de Finetti: On de Finetti's Theory of Probability and Its Application to Quantum Mechanics. In Yemima Ben-Menahem & Meir Hemmo (eds.), Probability in Physics. Springer 249--280.
  14.  93
    Joseph Berkovitz (1998). Aspects of Quantum Non-Locality I: Superluminal Signalling, Action-at-a-Distance, Non-Separability and Holism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B 29 (2):183-222.
    In this paper and its sequel, I consider the significance of Jarrett’s and Shimony’s analyses of the so-called factorisability condition for clarifying the nature of quantum non-locality. In this paper, I focus on four types of non-locality: superluminal signalling, action-at-a-distance, non-separability and holism. In the second paper, I consider a fifth type of non-locality: superluminal causation according to ‘logically weak’ concepts of causation, where causal dependence requires neither action nor signalling. In this connection, I pay special attention to the difficulties (...)
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  15.  58
    J. Berkovitz (2001). On Chance in Causal Loops. Mind 110 (437):1-23.
    A common line of argument for the impossibility of closed causal loops is that they would involve causal paradoxes. The usual reply is that such loops impose heavy consistency constraints on the nature of causal connections in them; constraints that are overlooked by the impossibility arguments. Hugh Mellor has maintained that arguments for the possibility of causal loops also overlook some constraints, which are related to the chances (single-case, objective probabilities) that causes give to their effects. And he argues that (...)
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  16.  12
    Joseph Berkovitz, The World According to De Finetti.
    Bruno de Finetti is one of the founding fathers of the subjectivist school of probability, where probabilities are interpreted as rational degrees of belief. His work on the relation between the theorems of probability and rationality is among the corner stones of modern subjective probability theory. De Finetti maintained that rationality requires that degrees of belief be coherent, and he argued that the whole of probability theory could be derived from these coherence conditions. De Finetti’s interpretation of probability has been (...)
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  17.  6
    Joseph Berkovitz & Philippe Huneman (2015). On Probabilities in Biology and Physics. Erkenntnis 80 (3):433-456.
    This volume focuses on various questions concerning the interpretation of probability and probabilistic reasoning in biology and physics. It is inspired by the idea that philosophers of biology and philosophers of physics who work on the foundations of their disciplines encounter similar questions and problems concerning the role and application of probability, and that interaction between the two communities will be both interesting and fruitful. In this introduction we present the background to the main questions that the volume focuses on (...)
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  18.  38
    Joseph Berkovitz & Meir Hemmo (2005). Modal Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics and Relativity: A Reconsideration. [REVIEW] Foundations of Physics 35 (3):373-397.
    Two of the main interpretative problems in quantum mechanics are the so-called measurement problem and the question of the compatibility of quantum mechanics with relativity theory. Modal interpretations of quantum mechanics were designed to solve both of these problems. They are no-collapse (typically) indeterministic interpretations of quantum mechanics that supplement the orthodox state description of physical systems by a set of possessed properties that is supposed to be rich enough to account for the classical-like behavior of macroscopic systems, but sufficiently (...)
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  19.  70
    Roman Frigg & Joseph Berkovitz (2001). Peter Smith Explaining Chaos. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (1):201-205.
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  20.  1
    Joseph Berkovitz, Roman Frigg & Fred Kronz (2006). The Ergodic Hierarchy, Randomness and Hamiltonian Chaos. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 37 (4):661-691.
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  21.  19
    Joseph Berkovitz (2002). On Causal Inference in Determinism and Indeterminism. In Harald Atmanspacher & Robert C. Bishop (eds.), Between Chance and Choice: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Determinism. Thorverton Uk: Imprint Academic 237--278.
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  22.  32
    Joseph Berkovitz & Meir Hemmo, How to Reconcile Modal Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics with Relativity.
    Recent no go theorems by Dickson and Clifton (1998), Arntzenius (1998) and Myrvold (2002) demonstrate that current modal interpretations are incompatible with relativity. In this paper we propose strategies for how to circumvent these theorems. We further show how these strategies can be developped into new modal interpretations in which the properties of systems are in general either holistic or relational. We explicitly write down an outline of dynamics for these properties which does not pick out a preferred foliation of (...)
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  23.  4
    Joseph Berkovitz (2008). Quantum Mysteries For Everyone. Metascience 17 (1):85-89.
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  24.  12
    Roman Frigg & Joseph Berkovitz (2001). Review of Peter Smith:" Explaining Chaos". [REVIEW] British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52:201-205.
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  25.  1
    Joseph Berkovitz (1998). Aspects of Quantum Non-Locality I: Superluminal Signalling, Action-at-a-Distance, Non-Separability and Holism. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 29 (2):183-222.
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  26.  1
    Joseph Berkovitz (2008). On Predictions in Retro-Causal Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (4):709-735.
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  27.  2
    Joseph Berkovitz (2002). E-Mail: Jzberkovitz@ Yahoo. Com; Jberkov@ Umbc. Edu. In T. Placek & J. Butterfield (eds.), Non-Locality and Modality. Kluwer 64--235.
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  28. Joseph Berkovitz (1998). Aspects of Quantum Non-Locality II: Superluminal Causation and Relativity. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 29 (4):509-545.
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  29. Joseph Berkovitz (1995). What Econometrics Cannot Teach Quantum Mechanics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 26 (2):163-200.
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  30. Peter Smith, Roman Frigg & Joseph Berkovitz (2001). Reviews-Explaining Chaos. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 52 (1):201-206.
     
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